Frederiksberg Gardens is one of the largest and most attractive greenspaces in Copenhagen, Denmark. Together with the adjacent Søndermarken it forms an area of 64 hectares at the western edge of Inner Copenhagen. It is a landscape garden designed in the English style. Frederiksberg Gardens was established by King Frederik IV in connection with the construction of Frederiksberg Palace as his new summer retreat on high grounds atop Valby Hill. Work on the began in the last half of the 1690s with inspiration from Italy and France which Frederick. He commissioned the eminent Swedish architect Nicodemus Tessin to draw a proposal and the plan was subsequently made by Hans Heinrich Scheel. The plan involved a parterre with a system of cascades on the sloping terrain in front of the new palace. It was fed by a complicated but inefficient system of pumps which never came to work properly. In the end, Johan Cornelius Krieger, who was at the time working on an extension and adaption of Fredensborg Palace.
Unusually of the time, he gave up the parterre completely, in the 1790s, as fashion changed, the park was adapted into an English landscape garden. P. Petersen created a new plan in 1795. He created a typical English-style landscape garden with winding lawns, lakes and spinneys as well as grottos, pavilions, the final result may well have been based on Johan Ludwig Mansas book on English-style gardening written in 1798. Frederik VI was particularly fond of the garden, from 1804, he sailed the canals in a gondola. Not until 1865 did access to the park become unrestricted, in line with what was the case elsewhere in the city, smørrebrødsplænen, on the corner of Toskildevej and Pile Allé, where K. B. s tennis halls are today, became a popular picnic destination. Frederiksberg Gardens is an English-style Romantic landscape garden with winding paths, lakes, small islands, a large variety of plants and birds can be seen, including mute swans, greylag geese, grey herons, and Canada geese. Typically of the landscape garden, the park houses two follies, waterfalls and other garden features.
The gate was designed by Lauritz de Thurah who had become general master builder after Eigtveds death, the vases at the top of the two sandstone pillars were executed by the sculptor Johann Friedrich Hännel. The gate opens to a path which passes between two long, yellow buildings with white details and they are the two surviving wings of the Princes House
The term Danish Realm refers to the relationship between Denmark proper, the Faroe Islands and Greenland—three countries constituting the Kingdom of Denmark. The legal nature of the Kingdom of Denmark is fundamentally one of a sovereign state. The Faroe Islands and Greenland have been part of the Crown of Denmark since 1397 when the Kalmar Union was ratified, legal matters in The Danish Realm are subject to the Danish Constitution. Beginning in 1953, state law issues within The Danish Realm has been governed by The Unity of the Realm, a less formal name for The Unity of the Realm is the Commonwealth of the Realm. In 1978, The Unity of The Realm was for the first time referred to as rigsfællesskabet. The name caught on and since the 1990s, both The Unity of The Realm and The Danish Realm itself has increasingly been referred to as simply rigsfællesskabet in daily parlance. The Danish Constitution stipulates that the foreign and security interests for all parts of the Danish Realm are the responsibility of the Danish government, the Faroes received home rule in 1948 and Greenland did so in 1979.
In 2005, the Faroes received a self-government arrangement, and in 2009 Greenland received self rule, the Danish Realms unique state of internal affairs is acted out in the principle of The Unity of the Realm. This principle is derived from Article 1 of the Danish Constitution which specifies that constitutional law applies equally to all areas of the Danish Realm, the Constitutional Act specifies that sovereignty is to continue to be exclusively with the authorities of the Realm. The language of Denmark is Danish, and the Danish state authorities are based in Denmark, the Kingdom of Denmarks parliament, with its 179 members, is located in the capital, Copenhagen. Two of the members are elected in each of Greenland and the Faroe Islands. The Government ministries are located in Copenhagen, as is the highest court, in principle, the Danish Realm constitutes a unified sovereign state, with equal status between its constituent parts. Devolution differs from federalism in that the powers of the subnational authority ultimately reside in central government.
The Self-Government Arrangements devolves political competence and responsibility from the Danish political authorities to the Faroese, the Faroese and Greenlandic authorities administer the tasks taken over from the state, enact legislation in these specific fields and have the economic responsibility for solving these tasks. The Danish government provides a grant to the Faroese and the Greenlandic authorities to cover the costs of these devolved areas. The 1948 Home Rule Act of the Faroe Islands sets out the terms of Faroese home rule, the Act states. the Faroe Islands shall constitute a self-governing community within the State of Denmark. It establishes the government of the Faroe Islands and the Faroese parliament. The Faroe Islands were previously administered as a Danish county, the Home Rule Act abolished the post of Amtmand and these powers were expanded in a 2005 Act, which named the Faroese home government as an equal partner with the Danish government
Smallegade is a busy shopping street in the central part of Frederiksberg in Copenhagen, Denmark. It runs from the Town Hall Square in the east to Fasanvej in the west, along the side of Frederiksberg Town Hall and Frederiksberg Park. It is believed that Bredegade was the street of Solbjerg. Smallegade was one of the original Dutch streets but more open than Bredegade, a brickyard was found at the far end of Smallegade until the 17th century. The Brickyard House survived until 1890 when it was demolished, on a neighbouring site, Nobel opened a tobacco Factory in 1860. Eight years that site was taken over by the faience manufactury Aluminia and they build a large factory complex where they were joined by the Royal Porcelain Manufactury in 184. Before the Town Hall was built in the 1940s, its site was home to a neighbourhood with some 30 houses of which dated from the 18th century. The most distinctive building in Smallegade is Møstings Hus which is located on the side of a small pond. The house was built in 1800 and for 27 years served as residence for J. S.
It was originally located on site in Smallegade but dismantled in 1959. It is now used as an exhibition space, Bredegade boasts some other examples of 18th century country houses. No.11 was built in the 1790s and was for a while owned by Prime Minister P. G, ot is today used by the Municipality. No.13 was built in 1805 by master carpenter Boye Junge, the widow after Carl Hassager, a pastor converted into a hall of residence for ten students in 1897. Royal Copenhagen retired their production site in 2004, Copenhagen Ceramics at No.46 is an exhibition space dedicated to temporary exhibitions of Danish ceramic art. It was opened by a group of artists in 2012 and is located in an away from the street. Frederiksberg Allé Copenhagen Ceramics Møstings Hus
White Houses, Frederiksberg
The White Houses in the Frederiksberg district of Copenhagen, are a building society development originally built for workers at Frederiksberg Gasworks. It is located at Peter Bangs Vej, near Frederiksberg Gardens, the first gasworks in Frederiksberg opened in 1860 and was located at H. C. When the installation of gas in homes became common in the 1890s, it was decided to build a new plant at Flintholm. Frederiksberg Gasworks Workers Building Society was founded in 1898 after an act adopted earlier that year provided for loans for the construction of workers housing. The building society acquired a 4.5 hectare site at Peter Bangs Vej, the architects Gotfred Tvede and Olaf Schmidth were charged with the design of the houses which were built in 1788 and 1900. The development contained 194 dwellings as well as a building with retail space, Frederiksberg Workers Building Society was dissolved in 1922 when the apartments were converted into private ownership. The development consists of 45 semi-detached houses and seven detached houses, the design is based on a cubic volume where the length and height of roof ridge all measure 8.46 m.
The semi-detached houses consist of two cubes put together, Gotfred Tvede and Olaf Schmidth created seven different designs for variation. The buildings are designed in a Neo-Baroque style locally known as palæstil, inspired by 18th-century Rococo mansions, common features are white-dressed facades, Mansard roofs with red tiles, gable dormers and small paned windows. The house owners are now organized in Vejlauget FAB, the houses are located on Peter Bangs Vej, Kronprinsensvej, Folkets Allé, Frihedsvej and Broderskabsvej. Ida Auken, politician Eberts Villaby Lyset Official website Interactive map of the development Original renderings
Frederiksberg Runddel is a space in front of the main entrance to Frederiksberg Gardens, at the end of Frederiksberg Allé, in the Frederiksberg district of Copenhagen, Denmark. Nicolai Eigtved converted the south wing to an orangerie in 1744, after the main wing burnt down in 1753, it was not rebuilt, but instead the main entrance to Frederiksberg Have was established in 1755 between the two surviving wings. The entrance gate to Frederiksberg Gardens was built in 1755 after the two years earlier. It was designed by Lauritz de Thurah who had become general master builder after Eigtveds death, the vases at the top of the two sandstone pillars were executed by the sculptor Johann Friedrich Hännel. The Storm P. Museum, located on the corner of Pile Allé, is dedicated to the Danish humorist, cartoonist and actor, Robert Storm Petersen, who is popularly known as Storm P. Originally the local station, this building from 1886 served as the office of the local burials administration before it was converted into a museum.
The Horticultural Societys Garden was originally located further down Frederiksberg Allé, before that, the site was part of the palace gardens nursery and vegetable gardens. Due to its peaceful and picturesque setting, the space is used for various events or fairs. In winter, it features an open-air ice-skating rink, sankt Thomas Plads Historic pictures of Frederiksberg Runddel
Gammel Kongevej is the principal shopping street of Frederiksberg in Copenhagen, Denmark. In the opposite end, Jernbanegade connects it to Copenhagen City Hall Square, Gammel Kongevej is one of the oldest road sections in Frederiksberg, originally providing a direct connection between Copenhagens Western City Gate and the village of Solbjerg. From there the it continued past the Damhus Lake towards Roskilde, giving rise to the name Roskildegaden, the road was improved by Christian IV in the 1620s. The name Kongevejen emerged about a generation when it became the road to Ny Amager, as Frederiksberg was called. The name of the changed to Gammel Kongevej after a new Route de Roie, Frederiksberg Allé. A number of new houses were built along the rad. P. Andersen opened the Svanholm Brewery at No.64 in 1853 and it was merged with several other breweries to form The United Breweries in 1891 and most of its buildings were replaced by a machine factory and iron factory. Part of the site was cleared in 1904–05 to make way for the new street Prinsesse Maries Allé, the rest of the industrial plant was replaced by the cinema complex Kinopalæet in 1918.
Gammel Kongevej mainly catered to the upper middle classes. The area next to the foundry was home to a small working-class neighbourhood with an infamous reputation. In the 1950s, Jørn Utzon, architect of the Sydney Opera House and it consisted of tower blocks in a green space inspired by Japanese gardens. Dating from the 1850s, No.78 is one of the oldest apartment buildings along the street and it has a small front garden and a fence towards the street. The Catholic school Ansgarstiftelsen at No.15 is decorated with a mural byNiels Macholm mural, Just off Gammel Kongevej, Ørsteds Vej and Bülowsvej, is a small enclave which has been described as Denmarks first urban neighbourhood of single-family detached homes. It consists of the side streets Uraniavej and Lindevej, the area around Sankt Jørgens Sø is home to a cluster of modern buildings which include the Tycho Brahe Planetarium and two highrises, Copenhagen Scandic Hotel and the 18-storey Codan Building
The ministry of a deaconess is, in modern times, a non-ordained ministry for women in some Protestant churches to provide pastoral care, especially for other women. The term is applied to some women deacons in the early church. The word comes from a Greek word, for deacon, Deaconesses trace their roots from the time of Jesus Christ through to the 13th century in the West. They existed from the early through the middle Byzantine periods in Constantinople and Jerusalem, there is evidence to support the idea that the diaconate including women in the Byzantine Church of the early and middle Byzantine periods was recognized as one of the major orders of clergy. A modern resurgence of the office began among Protestants in Germany in the 1840s and spread through Scandinavia, the Netherlands, Britain, a small movement still exists and its legacy is seen in numerous hospitals. Non-clerical deaconesses should not be confused with women ordained deacons such as in the Anglican churches, the oldest reference to women as deacons occurs in Paul’s letters.
Their ministry is mentioned by early Christian writers such as Clement of Alexandria, secular evidence from the early 2nd century confirms this. In a letter Pliny the Younger attests to the role of the women deacons, Pliny refers to two maid-servants as deacons whom he tortures to find out more about the Christians. This establishes the existence of the office of the deaconesses in parts of the eastern Roman Empire from the earliest times. Fourth-century Fathers of the Church, such as Epiphanius of Salamis, Basil of Caesarea, John Chrysostom, the Didascalia of the Apostles is the earliest document that specifically discusses the role of the male and female deacons more at length. It originated in Aramaic speaking Syria during the 3rd century, but soon spread in Greek, in it the author urges the bishop, Appoint a woman for the ministry of women. For there are homes to which you cannot send a male deacon to their women, on account of the heathen, in many other matters the office of a woman deacon is required.
The bishop should look on the man who is a deacon as Christ, the oldest ordination rite for deaconesses is found in the 5th-century Apostolic Constitutions. It describes the laying on of hands on the woman by the bishop with the calling down of the Holy Spirit for the ministry of the diaconate, a full version of the rite, with rubrics and prayers, has been found in the Barberini Codex of 780 AD. This liturgical manual provides an ordination rite for women as deacons which is identical to the ordination rite for men as deacons. Other ancient manuscripts confirm the same rite, a careful study of the rite has persuaded most modern scholars that the rite was fully a sacrament in present-day terms. Olympias, one of the closest friends and supporters of the Archbishop of Constantinople John Chrysostom, was known as a wealthy, justinians legislation in the mid-6th century regarding clergy throughout his territories in the East and the West mentioned men and women as deacons in parallel. Evidence of continuing liturgical and pastoral roles is provided by Constantine Porphyrogenitus 10th-century manual of ceremonies, which refers to a special area for deaconesses in Hagia Sophia
Søndre Fasanvej begins at Valby Langgade and continues along the western margin of Søndermarken and Frederiksberg Gardens to Smallegade, passing Roskildevej on the way. It continues as Nordre Fasanvej, passing several major arteries, including Nylandsvej, Godthåbsvej, Borups Allé and Hillerødgade, the oldest part of Søndre Fasanvej, north of Roskildevej, was established in 1682 as an access road to the royal pheasantry behind Frederiksberg Gardens. The road was extended northwards to Smallegade. The southern part of present day Søndre Fasanvej, between Valby Langgade and Roskildevej, was created in about 1870 as a driveway to a cluster of nuerseries. It was first known as Bag Søndermarken but was incorporated in Søndre Fasanvej in about 1900, Nordre Fasanvej was established between 1883 and 1908 as a direct extension of Søndre Fasanvej as the old part of the street was now called. A new Frederiksberg Hospital was built at the street in 1903, the west side of Søndre Fasanvej, opposite the big parks, is dominated by areas of Single-family detached home, apartment buildings from the 1880s.
Diakonissestiftelsens development, located on the corner with Peter Bangs Vej, the main entrance to Frederiksberg Hospital is located at No.57. Its gatehouse is built in the Neo-Baroque style, Nordre Fasanvej is home to some early examples of Functionalist architecture. The Green Funkis Building at No.78 was built in 1932 to designs by Hans Dahlerup-Berthelsen, the company Novozymes has a factory at the Nørrebro end of Nordre Fasanvej. The oldest part of the complex is an old dairy where the production started. It was expanded by Arne Jacobsen in 1934 and again in 1962, the underground Fasanvej Station is located at the southern end of Nordre Fasanvej. It serves the M1 and M2 lines of the Copenhagen Metro, Nørrebro station is located at Frederikssundsvej at the northern end of the street. It serves the Ring Line of the S-train network