Kilkeel is a small town, civil parish and townland in County Down, Northern Ireland. It lies within the barony of Mourne. Kilkeel town is the fishing port on the Down coast. It had a population of 6,887 people according to the 2011 Census, the town contains the ruins of a 14th-century church and fort, winding streets and terraced shops. Kilkeel town sits on a plain south of the Mourne Mountains, Kilkeel takes its name from the old church overlooking the town, it being the anglicised version of the Gaelic Cill Chaoil meaning Narrow Church or The Church of/in the Narrow Place. The name may be drawn from the location on a narrow site above the town. The church was constructed in 1388 and dedicated to St Colman Del Mourne and it was thought to be the principal Church in a group which included Kilmegan and Kilcoo despite the fact that Kilkeel was very sparsely populated in the Middle Ages. There are references to Kilkeel as a Christian settlement as far back as the 11th century, Kilkeel is the capital of the ancient Kingdom of Mourne.
The cemetery attached to the church was used for burials until 1916, the last burials at the cemetery were victims of a collision between two steamers the Retriever and the SS Connemara in Carlingford Lough. On 30 May 1918 a fleet of Kilkeel fishing boats was sunk by the U-boat UB-64 under the command of Otto von Schrader. The boats sunk,12 miles off the coast of County Down, included the Jane Gordon, Never Can Tell, St Mary, Sparkling Wave, Marianne Macrum and the motor vessel Honey Bee. Only two boats, Moss Rose and Mary Joseph, were not sunk and the returned to port on those boats. The Mary Joseph is now in the Ulster Folk and Transport Museum, a Local History Group that covers both the town of Kilkeel and the Mourne region was set up in the 1980s producing a set of seven periodicals called The 12 Miles of Mourne. A book on Hannas Close, a clachan of houses in Aughnahoory townland 1 mile outside of Kilkeel, fishing is a major industry in Kilkeel, with Kilkeel Harbour the home port for the largest fishing fleet in Northern Ireland.
There are fish-processing factories around the port, pleasure angling off the piers, whitewater Brewery brews and sells Belfast Ale. In recent years BE Aerospace has become the largest employer in the area and its Kilkeel facility, which manufactures aircraft seats for a worldwide customer base, employs over 800 people. The town is known as the location where William Hare died. Robert Hill Hanna, born near Hannas Close, was an immigrant Canadian recipient of the Victoria Cross and he was a Company Sergeant-Major in the 29th Bn
Death of Diana, Princess of Wales
On 31 August 1997, Princess of Wales, died as a result of injuries sustained in a car crash in the Pont de lAlma road tunnel in Paris, France. Dodi Fayed and Henri Paul, the driver of the Mercedes-Benz S280, were pronounced dead at the scene, the bodyguard of Diana and Fayed, Trevor Rees-Jones, was the only survivor. Although the media blamed the paparazzi following the car, an 18-month French judicial investigation found that the crash was caused by Paul, Paul was the deputy head of security at the Hôtel Ritz and had earlier goaded the paparazzi waiting outside the hotel. His inebriation may have been exacerbated by anti-depressants and traces of a tranquilising anti-psychotic in his body, the investigation concluded that the photographers were not near the Mercedes when it crashed. His claims were dismissed by a French judicial investigation and by Operation Paget, a Metropolitan Police Service inquiry that concluded in 2006. An inquest headed by Lord Justice Scott Baker into the deaths of Diana and Fayed began at the Royal Courts of Justice, London, on 2 October 2007, a continuation of the inquest that began in 2004.
On 7 April 2008, the jury concluded that Diana and Fayed were the victims of a killing by the grossly negligent chauffeur Paul. On Saturday,30 August 1997, Diana left Sardinia on a jet and arrived in Paris with Dodi Fayed. They had stopped en route to London, having spent the preceding nine days together on board Mohamed Al-Fayeds yacht Jonikal on the French. They had intended to there for the night. Mohamed Al-Fayed was and is the owner of the Hôtel Ritz Paris and he owned an apartment in Rue Arsène Houssaye, a short distance from the hotel, just off the Avenue des Champs Elysées. Diana and Fayed departed from the rear entrance rue Cambon at around 00,20 on 31 August. They were the passengers, Trevor Rees-Jones, a member of the Fayed familys personal protection team, was in the front passenger seat. It spun and hit the wall of the tunnel backwards. The impact caused damage, particularly to the front half of the vehicle. The Place de lAlma underpass is the one on that embankment road that has roof-supporting pillars.
As the victims lay in the car, the photographers. Some rushed to help, tried to open the doors and help the victims, critically injured, Diana was reported to murmur repeatedly, Oh my God, and after the photographers and other helpers were pushed away by police, Leave me alone
Wedding dress of Lady Diana Spencer
The wedding dress of Lady Diana Spencer was worn by Lady Diana Spencer at her wedding to Charles, Prince of Wales, on 29 July 1981 at St Pauls Cathedral. Diana wore an ivory silk taffeta and antique lace gown, with a 25-foot train and it became one of the most famous dresses in the world, and was considered one of the most closely guarded secrets in fashion history. Diana Spencer personally selected the designers to make her wedding dress because she was fond of a chiffon blouse they designed for her formal photo session with Lord Snowdon, the woven silk taffeta was made by Stephen Walters of Suffolk. The Emanuels consulted Maureen Baker, who had made the dress of Princess Anne. One observer wrote the dress was a crinoline, a symbol of sexuality and grandiosity, the gown was decorated with hand embroidery, and 10,000 pearls. The lace used to trim it was antique hand-made Carrickmacross lace which had belonged to Queen Mary, in contrast, the wedding dress of Kate Middleton, for her marriage to Prince William, Dianas eldest son, incorporated motifs cut from machine-made lace appliquéd to silk net.
Fittings of the dress posed difficulties because Diana had developed bulimia, even the seamstress was concerned about her weight loss and feared the dress might not fit as it should. They found it difficult to fit inside the coach. This accounted for the visible wrinkles in the wedding gown when she arrived at the cathedral, Diana had a spare wedding dress, which would have acted as a stand-in if the dress design was revealed before her big day. The dress set wedding fashion trends after the wedding, large puffed sleeves, a full skirt and soft touch fabrics became popular requests. Copies by other dressmakers were available within hours of the 1981 wedding, many bridal experts considered the dress a gold standard in wedding fashion in the years after the wedding. Continued appreciation for the dress was not universal, one 2004 bridal magazine listed it as too much dress, too little princess. Nevertheless, Elizabeth Emanuel noted in 2011 that she received requests for replicas of Dianas dress.
In his 2003 memoir, A Royal Duty, Paul Burrell wrote that Diana had wanted the dress to be part of the collection of the Victoria. The dress has toured for years with the exhibition Diana, A Celebration. Althorp House, Northampton is the display location for the dress. Dianas dress transferred ownership from her brother to her sons in 2014 because she had requested that her belongings be handed back to them when they both turned 30, engagement ring of Diana, Princess of Wales Travolta dress In 2006, the Emanuels wrote A Dress for Diana. It was reissued in March 2011 in anticipation of Kate Middletons marriage to Prince William, The Exhibition page about the wedding
Prince of Scotland
Prince and Great Steward of Scotland are two of the titles of the heir apparent to the throne of the United Kingdom. Princess of Scotland is the wife of the apparent to the throne. The current holder is the wife of The Prince Charles. The title of Prince of Scotland originated in a time when Scotland was a separate from England. The title was held by the apparent to the Scottish throne, in addition to his being Duke of Rothesay, Earl of Carrick, Baron of Renfrew, Lord of the Isles. The title of Prince of Scotland originated from a charter granting the Principality of Scotland to the future James I of Scotland, during the reign of James III, permanency was enacted to the title. In modern times, the Prince remains in these lands, the Abolition of Feudal Tenure etc. Act 2000, abolished most remaining feudal duties and privileges attaching to the Principality, prior to the 2000 Act the Principality was entirely feued out to tenants and brought in a small income. All title deeds in Ayrshire and Renfrewshire required to be sealed with the Princes seal, revenue gained from feudal dealings were counted as income for the Duchy of Cornwall, a more substantial estate held by the heir to the throne.
Since that date it has been enjoyed by the Sovereigns eldest son, the titles Prince and Great Steward of Scotland are normally conjoined in legislation. In the Scottish Parliament such consent is signified by a member of the Scottish Government, when the Sovereign had no son, there has been uncertainty as to who should bear and use the titles and enjoy the revenues of the Principality. The matter remains unresolved, but is unlikely to be of significance for some time
Charles, Prince of Wales
Charles, Prince of Wales is the eldest child and heir apparent of Queen Elizabeth II. Known alternatively in South West England as Duke of Cornwall and in Scotland as Duke of Rothesay, he is the heir apparent in British history. He is the oldest person to be next in line to the throne since Sophia of Hanover, Charles was born at Buckingham Palace as the first grandchild of King George VI and Queen Elizabeth. After earning a bachelor of degree from Trinity College, Cambridge. In 1981, he married Lady Diana Spencer and they had two sons, Prince William to become Duke of Cambridge, and Prince Harry, in 1996, the couple divorced, following well-publicised extramarital affairs. Diana died in a car crash in Paris the following year, in 2005, Charles married Camilla Parker Bowles. Charles has sought to raise awareness of the dangers facing the natural environment. As an environmentalist, he has received awards and recognition from environmental groups around the world. His support for alternative medicine, including homeopathy, has been criticised by some in the medical community and he has been outspoken on the role of architecture in society and the conservation of historic buildings.
Subsequently, Charles created Poundbury, a new town based on his theories. He has authored a number of books, including A Vision of Britain, A Personal View of Architecture in 1989 and he was baptised in the palaces Music Room by the Archbishop of Canterbury, Geoffrey Fisher, on 15 December 1948. When Prince Charles was aged three his mothers accession as Queen Elizabeth II made him her heir apparent. As the monarchs eldest son, he took the titles Duke of Cornwall, Duke of Rothesay, Earl of Carrick, Baron of Renfrew, Lord of the Isles and Prince. Charles attended his mothers coronation at Westminster Abbey on 2 June 1953, seated alongside his grandmother, as was customary for upper-class children at the time, a governess, Catherine Peebles, was appointed and undertook his education between the ages of five and eight. Buckingham Palace announced in 1955 that Charles would attend school rather than have a private tutor, Charles attended two of his fathers former schools, Cheam Preparatory School in Berkshire, followed by Gordonstoun in the north-east of Scotland.
He reportedly despised the school, which he described as Colditz in kilts. Upon his return to Gordonstoun, Charles emulated his father in becoming Head Boy and he left in 1967, with six GCE O-levels and two A-levels in history and French, at grades B and C, respectively. Tradition was broken again when Charles proceeded straight from school into university
Great Ormond Street Hospital
Great Ormond Street Hospital is a childrens hospital located in the Bloomsbury area of the London Borough of Camden, and a part of Great Ormond Street Hospital for Children NHS Foundation Trust. The Hospital is known internationally for receiving from J. M. Barrie the copyright to Peter Pan in 1929, which has provided significant funding for the institution. After a long campaign by Dr Charles West, the Hospital for Sick Children was founded on 14 February 1852 and was the first hospital providing in-patient beds specifically for children in England, the Nurses League was formed in February 1937. Diana, Princess of Wales, served as president of the Hospital from 1989 until her death, a plaque at the entrance of the hospital commemorates her services, as well as a bust in the lobby of the hospital chapel. The Charles West School of Nursing transferred from Great Ormond Street to London South Bank University in 1995, in 2002 Great Ormond Street Hospital commenced a redevelopment programme which is budgeted at £343 million and the next phase of which was scheduled to be complete by the end of 2016.
The redevelopment is needed to expand capacity, deliver treatment in a comfortable and modern way. In July 2012, Great Ormond Street Hospital was featured in the ceremony of the London Summer Olympics. The hospital’s archives are available for research under the terms of the Public Records Act 1958, Admission records from 1852 to 1914 have been made available online on the Historic Hospital Admission Records Project. St Christophers Chapel is a chapel decorated in the Byzantine style and it was built in elaborate Franco-Italianate style. The dome depicts a pelican pecking at her breast in order to feed her young with drops of her own blood, a traditional symbol of Christs sacrifice for humanity. Along the rear of the chapel is a row of teddy bears and other toys, provided by families of ill children. In addition, the chapel has a tree where messages of hope and support can be written for sick children at the hospital. When the old hospital was being demolished in the late 1980s, the stained glass and furniture were temporarily removed for restoration and repair.
It was reopened along with the new Variety Club Building on 14 February 1994 by Diana, Princess of Wales, president of the hospital. In April 1929 the hospital was the recipient of playwright J. M. Barries copyright to the Peter Pan works and this gave the institution control of the rights to these works, and entitled it to royalties from any performance or publication of the play and derivative works. Four theatrical feature films were produced, innumerable performances of the play have been presented and its trustees commissioned a sequel novel, Peter Pan in Scarlet, which was published in 2006 and received mixed reviews, with a film adaptation planned. The terms of the Copyright and Patents Act now prevail in the UK, the hospital has relied on charitable support since it first opened. One of the sources for this support is Great Ormond Street Hospital Childrens Charity
Diana, Princess of Wales
Diana, Princess of Wales, was the first wife of Charles, Prince of Wales, who is the eldest child and heir apparent of Queen Elizabeth II. Diana was born into a family of British nobility with royal ancestry and was the child and third daughter of John Spencer, Viscount Althorp. She grew up in Park House, situated on the Sandringham estate, in 1975, after her father inherited the title of Earl Spencer, she became known as Lady Diana Spencer. She came to prominence in February 1981 when her engagement to Prince Charles was announced and her wedding to the Prince of Wales on 29 July 1981, held at St Pauls Cathedral, reached a global television audience of over 750 million people. While married, Diana bore the titles Princess of Wales, Duchess of Cornwall, Duchess of Rothesay, the marriage produced two sons, the princes William and Harry, who were respectively second and third in the line of succession to the British throne. As Princess of Wales, Diana undertook royal duties on behalf of the Queen and she was celebrated for her charity work and for her support of the International Campaign to Ban Landmines.
She was involved with dozens of charities including Londons Great Ormond Street Hospital for children, Diana remained the object of worldwide media scrutiny during and after her marriage, which ended in divorce on 28 August 1996. Media attention and public mourning were extensive after her death in a car crash in Paris on 31 August 1997, Diana was born on 1 July 1961, in Park House, Norfolk. She was the fourth of five children of John Spencer, Viscount Althorp, the Spencer family has been closely allied with the British Royal Family for several generations. Both of Dianas grandmothers had served as ladies-in-waiting to Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother, on 30 August 1961, Diana was baptised at St. Mary Magdalene Church, with wealthy commoners as godparents. Diana had three siblings, Sarah and Charles and her infant brother, died shortly after his birth one year before Diana was born. The desire for an added strain to the Spencers marriage. Diana grew up in Park House, situated on the Sandringham estate, the Spencers leased the house from its owner, Queen Elizabeth II.
The Royal Family frequently holidayed at the neighbouring Sandringham House, and Diana played with Princes Andrew, Diana was seven years old when her parents divorced. Her mother had an affair with Peter Shand Kydd and married him in 1969, Diana lived with her mother in London during her parents separation in 1967, but during that years Christmas holidays, Lord Althorp refused to let Diana return to London with Lady Althorp. Shortly afterwards he won custody of Diana with support from his former mother-in-law, Ruth Roche, in 1972, Lord Althorp began a relationship with Raine, Countess of Dartmouth, the only daughter of Alexander McCorquodale and Dame Barbara Cartland. They married at Caxton Hall, London in 1976, as an upper-class child at the time, Diana was first educated under the supervision of her governess, Gertrude Allen. She began her education at Silfield Private School in Gayton and moved to Riddlesworth Hall School, an all-girls boarding school near Diss
Lord of the Isles
The Lord of the Isles is a title of Scottish nobility with historical roots that go back beyond the Kingdom of Scotland. It emerged from a series of hybrid Viking/Gaelic rulers of the west coast and islands of Scotland in the Middle Ages, although they were, at times, nominal vassals of the Kings of Norway, Ireland, or Scotland, the island chiefs remained functionally independent for many centuries. Their territory included the Hebrides, Knoydart and the Kintyre peninsula, at their height they were the greatest landowners and most powerful lords in the British Isles after the Kings of England and Scotland. The end of the MacDonald Lords came in 1493 when John MacDonald forfeited his estates and titles to King James IV of Scotland, thus Prince Charles is the current Lord of the Isles. The only island still in the possession of the MacDonalds is tiny Cara off Kintyre, which is owned by the MacDonalds of Largie, the west coast and islands of present-day Scotland were those of a people or peoples of uncertain cultural affiliation until the 5th century.
They were invaded by Gaels from Ireland starting perhaps in the 4th century or earlier, whose language eventually predominated. In the 8th and 9th centuries this area, like others, suffered raids and invasions by Vikings from Norway, and the became known to the Gaels as Innse-Gall. The following year, the people of the Isles, both Gael and Norse, harald sent his cousin Ketill Flatnose to regain control, and Ketil became King of the Isles. Scotland and Norway would continue to dispute overlordship of the area, the Norse nobleman Godred Crovan became ruler of Man and the Isles, but he was deposed in 1095 by the new King of Norway, Magnus Bareleg. In 1098, Magnus entered into a treaty with King Edgar of Scotland, Magnus was confirmed in control of the Isles and Edgar of the mainland. Lavery cites a tale from the Orkneyinga saga, according to which King Malcolm III of Scotland offered Earl Magnus of Orkney all the islands off the west coast navigable with the rudder set. Magnus allegedly had a skiff hauled across the neck of land at Tarbert, Loch Fyne with himself at the helm, Gilledommans grandson, seized the Isles from the King of Man in 1156 and founded a dynasty that in time became the Lords of the Isles.
He had Celtic blood on his fathers side and Norse on his mothers, his contemporaries knew him as Somerled Macgilbred and he took the title Rí Innse Gall as well as King of Man. King Haakon IV of Norway confirmed Donalds son Angus Mor Mac Donald as Lord of Islay, when that ended with an effective victory for Scotland, Angus Mor accepted King Alexander III of Scotland as his overlord and retained his own territory. The Lord was advised by a Council, in practice and attendance must have varied with the times and the occasion. Angus Ogs son Good John of Islay first formally assumed the title Dominus Insularum – Lord of the Isles – in 1336, in their maritime domain the Lords of the Isles used galleys for both warfare and transport. These ships had developed from the Viking longships and knarrs, clinker-built with a square sail, from the 14th century they changed from using a steering oar to a stern rudder. These ships took part in sea battles and attacked castles or forts built close to the sea, the Lordship specified the feudal dues of its subjects in terms of numbers and sizes of the galleys each area had to provide in service to their Lord
Duchess of Cornwall
The Duchess of Cornwall is the title held by the wife of the Duke of Cornwall. Duke of Cornwall is a non-hereditary peerage held by the British Sovereigns eldest son, the current Duchess of Cornwall is Camilla, Duchess of Cornwall, since her 9 April 2005 marriage to Charles, Prince of Wales. In Scotland the couple use the title Duke and Duchess of Rothesay, since the title of Duke of Cornwall can be held only by an heir-apparent who is the eldest son of the monarch, no woman can be Duchess of Cornwall in her own right. However, this may change now that proposals to change the rules of succession are completed, the first Duchess of Cornwall was Joan The Fair Maid of Kent, who, in October 1361, married Edward, the Black Prince. Catherine of Aragon was Duchess of Cornwall through her marriage to Arthur, Prince of Wales, before the present Duchess, the most recent Duchess of Cornwall was Diana, Princess of Wales. During this period, she was usually styled Princess of Wales, in both cases they were known by the title for only a few months between their respective fathers-in-laws accession to the throne and their husbands creation as Prince of Wales.
Prior to the marriage of the Prince of Wales and Camilla Parker Bowles and she does not use the title Princess of Wales, because it is still popularly associated with the former wife of the Prince of Wales, Princess of Wales. It is intended that Camilla, Duchess of Cornwall, will upon her husbands succession to the throne, become HRH The Princess Consort, shakespeares King Lear includes the character Regan, Duchess of Cornwall, Lears second daughter. Marion Zimmer Bradleys The Mists of Avalon included the fictional character Morgaine as the Duchess of Cornwall through inheritance, mother of King Arthur, was Duchess of Cornwall when she caught the eye of King Uther Pendragon in many retellings of Arthurian legend. Duke of Cornwall Duchy of Cornwall The Duchess of Cornwalls Official Website BBC News report