The javelin throw is a track and field event where the javelin, a spear about 2.5 m in length, is thrown. The javelin thrower gains momentum by running within a predetermined area. Javelin throwing is an event of both the women's heptathlon; the javelin was part of the pentathlon of the Ancient Olympic Games beginning in 708 BC in two disciplines and target throw. The javelin was thrown with the aid of a thong, called ankyle wound around the middle of the shaft. Athletes would hold the javelin by the thong and when the javelin was released this thong unwound giving the javelin a spiraled flight. Throwing javelin-like poles into targets was revived in Germany and Sweden in the early 1870s. In Sweden, these poles developed into the modern javelin, throwing them for distance became a common event there and in Finland in the 1880s; the rules continued to evolve over the next decades. Limited run-ups were introduced in the late 1890s, soon developed into the modern unlimited run-up. Sweden's Eric Lemming, who threw his first world best in 1899 and ruled the event from 1902 to 1912, was the first dominant javelin thrower.
When the men's javelin was introduced as an Olympic discipline at the 1906 Intercalated Games, Lemming won by nine metres and broke his own world record. Though challenged by younger talents, Lemming repeated as Olympic champion in 1908 and 1912. In the late 19th and early 20th century, most javelin competitions were two-handed. Competitions for the better hand only were less common, though not unknown. At the Olympics a both-hands contest was held only once, in 1912. After that, this version of the javelin faded into obscurity, together with similar variations of the shot and the discus. Another early variant was the freestyle javelin, in which holding the javelin by the grip at the center of gravity was not mandatory. Hungary's Mór Kóczán used a freestyle end grip to break the 60-meter barrier in 1911, a year before Lemming and Julius Saaristo first did so with a regular grip; the first known women's javelin marks were recorded in Finland in 1909. Women threw the same implement as men. Women's javelin throw was added to the Olympic program in 1932.
For a long time, javelins were made of solid wood birch, with a steel tip. The hollow aerodynamic Held javelin, invented by American thrower Bud Held and developed and manufactured by his brother Dick, was introduced in the 1950s; these new javelins flew further, but were less to land neatly point first. The resulting designs, which made flat landings much less common and reduced the distances thrown, became official for men starting in April 1986 and for women in April 1999, the world records were reset; the current men's world record is held by Jan Železný at 98.48 m. Of the 69 Olympic medals that have been awarded in the men's javelin, 32 have gone to competitors from Norway, Sweden or Finland. Finland is the only nation to have swept the medals at a recognized official Olympics, has done so twice, in 1920 and 1932, in addition to its 1912 sweep in the two-handed javelin. Finland has, never been nearly as successful in the women's javelin; the javelin throw has been part of the decathlon since the decathlon was introduced in the early 1910s.
The javelin was part of some of the many early forms of women's pentathlon, has always been included in the heptathlon after it replaced the pentathlon in 1981. The size, minimum weight, center of gravity of the javelin are all defined by IAAF rules. In international competition, men throw a javelin between 2.6 and 2.7 m in length and 800 g in weight, women throw a javelin between 2.2 and 2.3 m in length and 600 g in weight. The javelin has a grip, about 150 mm wide, made of cord and located at the javelin's center of gravity. Unlike the other throwing events, the technique used to throw the javelin is dictated by IAAF rules and "non-orthodox" techniques are
The Maryland Terrapins referred to as the Terps, consist of 19 men's and women's athletic teams that represent the University of Maryland, College Park in National Collegiate Athletic Association Division I competition. Maryland was a founding member of the Southern Conference in 1921, a founding member of the Atlantic Coast Conference in 1952, is now a member of the Big Ten Conference; the nickname was coined in 1932 by Harry C. "Curley" Byrd the school's football coach and the school's president. Maryland teams were known as the "Old Liners"—a reference to the state's nickname, "The Old Line State." However, the school newspaper, The Diamondback, wanted a better nickname. Byrd thought "Terrapins" was a good choice because of the diamondback terrapins endemic to the Chesapeake Bay region. Byrd's hometown of Crisfield was famous for the number of terrapins along its shores; the school mascot is an anthropomorphic turtle named "Testudo." The official team colors are red, white and gold, derived from the Maryland state flag.
It is the only NCAA school to have four official school colors. On July 1, 2014, the Terrapins became members of the Big Ten Conference following 62 years of membership in the Atlantic Coast Conference; the university sponsors varsity athletic teams in 20 men's and women's sports, which compete at the NCAA Division I level. The University of Maryland, College Park was established in 1856 as Maryland Agricultural College. Baseball and football were played on the campus as early as the Civil War era, it was renamed Maryland State College in 1916, in 1920, merged with the state's professional schools in Baltimore to become the University of Maryland. Between 1921 and 1953, the university was a member of the Southern Conference. Longstanding tensions within the Southern Conference culminated in 1951, when it passed a ban on participation in bowl games midway through the football season. At the end of the regular season, both Maryland and Clemson were invited and accepted invitations to postseason bowl games.
The Southern Conference sanctioned the two schools with a one-year probation in which they could not schedule any football games against conference opponents. On May 8, 1953, Maryland became a founding member of the Atlantic Coast Conference when it and six other schools voted to split from the Southern Conference; as a result of a committee's recommendation to cut athletics costs, funding for eight teams was eliminated on November 21, 2011, a move supported by University President Wallace Loh. However, the president showed support for a "Save the Programs Campaign", which gave the teams a chance to raise eight years of total program costs by June 30, 2012; the affected teams were men's cross country, indoor track, outdoor track, men's swimming and diving, men's tennis, women's acrobatics and tumbling, women's swimming and diving, women's water polo. On July 1, 2012, the University cut seven of those teams; the men’s outdoor track team raised $888,000 of a target amount of $940,000, deemed sufficient to avoid elimination.
On November 19, 2012, the University of Maryland's Board of Regents voted to withdraw from the ACC to join the Big Ten Conference effective July 1, 2014. The University of Maryland offers 20 varsity teams: 8 men's and 12 women's. NCAA Tournament Regional Champions: 2014, 2015 NCAA Tournament Appearances: 1965, 1970, 1971, 2014, 2015, 2017 Conference Champions: 1936, 1965, 1970, 1971 Conference Tournament Champions: None Burton Shipley was Maryland's first and longest serving basketball coach, but his lengthy tenure from 1923 to 1947 was described as "remarkably quiet". At that time, the sport was not popular in the mid-Atlantic region and football and boxing were much better drawing spectator sports on the Maryland campus. To capitalize on the popularity, basketball games at Ritchie Coliseum were held as doubleheaders with boxing matches for 26 years. Bud Millikan became head coach in 1950 and soon led Maryland to consistent respectability within the Southern Conference. Defensive point guard Gene Shue averaged 22 points per game and his scoring record stood for two decades.
In 1955, the small Ritchie Coliseum was replaced by. Millikan's tenure culminated in 1958 when Maryland won its first Atlantic Coast Conference tournament championship and advanced to the Elite Eight in the NCAA Tournament. In 1969, Lefty Driesell was hired by the University of Maryland. Drisell led the Terrapins to eight NCAA Tournament appearances, a National Invitation Tournament championship, two Atlantic Coast Conference regular-season championships, one Atlantic Coast Conference tournament championship. Maryland attained a No. 2 Associated Press ranking during four consecutive seasons from 1972 to 1976. Driesell coached the Maryland Terrapins from 1969 to 1986. During his tenure, he recruited numerous exceptional players, including Tom McMillen, Len Elmore, John Lucas, Albert King, Buck Williams, Len Bias. At Maryland, Driesell began the now nationwide tradition of Midnight Madness. According to longstanding NCAA rules, college basketball teams were not permitted to begin practices until October 15.
Driesell traditionally began the first practice with a requirement that his players run one mile in six minutes, but found that the players were too fatigued to practice immediately afterwards. At 12:03 a.m. on October 15, 1971, Driesell held a one-mile run at the track around Byrd Stadium, where a crowd of 1,000 fans had gathered after learning of the unorthodox practice session. The event soon became a tradition to build excitement for the bask
Harry Clifton "Curley" Byrd was an American university administrator, athlete, coach and politician. Byrd began a long association with the University of Maryland as an undergraduate in 1905, rose to the position of university president from 1936 to 1954. In the interim, he had served as the university's athletic director and head coach for the football and baseball teams. Byrd amassed a 119–82–15 record in football from 1911 to 1934 and 88–73–4 record in baseball from 1913 to 1923. In graduate school at Georgetown University, he became one of football's early users of the newly legalized forward pass, he had a brief baseball career including one season as pitcher for the San Francisco Seals. Byrd resigned as university president in order to enter politics in 1954, he ran an unsuccessful campaign as the Democratic candidate for Maryland Governor against Theodore McKeldin. Byrd received appointments to state offices with responsibilities in the Potomac River and Chesapeake Bay. In the 1960s, he made unsuccessful bids for seats in each chamber of the United States Congress.
Byrd was a proponent of a "separate but equal" status of racial segregation in his roles as both university administrator and political candidate. In 2015, the Student Government Association agreed to a resolution in support of changing the name of Byrd Stadium because Byrd was, in their words, "a racist and a segregationist" who "barred blacks from participating in sports and enrolling into the University until 1951". On September 28, 2015, University of Maryland President Wallace Loh appointed a task force to develop viewpoints and options; the University President made a recommendation to the University System of Maryland Board of Regents — the governing body of Maryland state universities — to change the name to "Maryland Stadium". The ultimate decision on any name change rests with the Board of Regents. On December 11, 2015, the Board of Regents voted 12-5 to remove the "Byrd" from the stadium's name, renaming it Maryland Stadium for the time being. Harry Clifton Byrd was born on February 1889, in Crisfield, Maryland.
He was one of six children of oysterman and county commissioner William Franklin Byrd and his wife Sallie May Byrd. In his youth, Byrd worked in the Chesapeake Bay fishing industry, where he saved most of his money to finance his college education, he attended Crisfield High School, where he excelled on the baseball diamond, was known as his hometown's first recreational jogger. A source described how he appeared in 1905 He was tall, as the saying goes, built like a whip, he had a startlingly handsome face, with big, flashing eyes, a splotch of florid red on each cheek, a mane of black curly hair... He looked like Rupert of Hentzau, had all of that worthy's cold, sinister resolution about everything that he did. In 1905, Byrd graduated from Crisfield High School and enrolled at the Maryland Agricultural College, now known as the University of Maryland. Byrd was a star college athlete and participated in varsity football and track, he served as the football team captain in 1907, as the pitcher on the baseball team, set a school record 10.0-second 100-yard dash in track.
Before leaving Crisfield, Byrd's father warned him not to "try to play that thing called football." He ignored the advice and reported for football practice where head coach Fred K. Nielsen told the undersized Byrd to "play with the kids" and that "football's a man's game." He was allowed, however. After sitting out the first three games, Nielsen sent Byrd in as a substitute against Navy, his play was impressive enough to earn a position on the first team. After the elder Byrd read of his son's newfound stardom in the newspaper, he wrote, "Since you're going to play football, I'm glad to see you're doing it well." During the summers and on weekends, Byrd supplemented his income by continuing work as a fisherman. He graduated second in his class with a Bachelor of Science degree in civil engineering in 1908. After graduation from Maryland, Byrd spent the next three years doing graduate work in law and journalism at George Washington University, Georgetown University, Western Maryland College. In a time before eligibility limitations, he played football at George Washington and Georgetown and ran track at Western Maryland.
At Georgetown in 1909, he was called the first quarterback in the East to master the forward pass, several years before Gus Dorais of Notre Dame did so in 1913. According to The Georgetown Hoyas: A Story of A Rambunctious Football Team, Dorais's "end-over-end'discus' throw was an exact copy" of Byrd's passing technique, the Irish "got the headlines because they had a press agent and Georgetown didn't."Byrd played for Maryland-based semi-professional baseball teams while pursuing his graduate studies. In 1910, the Chicago White Sox signed Byrd, but he was soon traded to the San Francisco Seals, a semi-professional Pacific Coast League baseball team with whom he pitched in 1912, he returned to Maryland that year, in 1913, married Katherine Dunlop Turnbull. Before they divorced twenty years the couple had three sons and a daughter: Harry, Sterling and Evelyn. In 1911, injuries claimed enough Maryland Agricultural football players that the team could no longer field a practice squad to scrimmage against.
The college turned to Byrd, serving as coach at Western High School in Georgetown, he was willing to help his alma mater with scrimmages. Byrd replaced head coach Charley Donnelly, who resigned mid-season after accumulating a 2–4–2 record. Byrd led the Aggies to wins in both of their final games of the season, a
The Baltimore Sun
The Baltimore Sun is the largest general-circulation daily newspaper based in the American state of Maryland and provides coverage of local and regional news, issues and industries. Founded in 1837, the newspaper is owned by Tribune Publishing; the Sun was founded on May 17, 1837, by printer/editor/publisher/owner Arunah Shepherdson Abell and two associates, William Moseley Swain, Azariah H. Simmons from Philadelphia, where they had started and published the Public Ledger the year before. Abell was born in Rhode Island, where he began journalism with the Providence Patriot and worked with Newspapers in New York City and Boston; the Abell family and descendents owned The Sun (later after 1910 colloquially known in Baltimore as The Sunpapers until that same year of 1910, when the local Black and Garrett families of wealthy financial means invested funds in the paper under the suggestion of former rival owner/publisher of The News, Charles H. Grasty, they, along with Grasty gained a controlling interest.
That same year, an additional daily publication was established called The Evening Sun under the guidance of former reporter, editor/columnist Henry Louis Mencken, From 1947 to 1986, The Sun was the owner of Maryland's first television station, WMAR-TV, founded 1947 and longtime affiliate of the Columbia Broadcasting System (CBS television network, along with several radio stations. In the postwar years, The Sun expanded its overseas presence; the newspaper opened its first foreign bureau in London in 1924. Between 1955 and 1961, it added four new foreign offices; as Cold War tensions grew, it set up shop in Bonn, West Germany, in February 1955. Eleven months The Sun opened a Moscow bureau, becoming one of the first U. S. newspapers to do so. A Rome office followed in July 1957, in 1961, The Sun expanded to New Delhi. At its height, The Sun' ran eight foreign bureaus, giving rise to its boast in a 1983 advertisement that "The Sun never sets on the world."The paper was sold under recent non-family publisher Reg Murphy in 1986 to the Times-Mirror Company of the Los Angeles Times.
The same week, the 115 year old rivalry with The News American, came to an end, as that ancient old paper with publishing antecedents since 1773, with subsequent mergers, announced that it would fold. The oldest paper in the city, it had been owned by William Randolph Hearst and his Hearst Corporation since the 1920s. A decade in 1997, The Sun acquired the Patuxent Publishing Company, a local suburban newspaper publisher that had a stable of 15 weekly papers and a few magazines in several communities and counties. In the 1990s and 2000s, The Sun began cutting back its foreign coverage. In 1995 and 1996, closed its Tokyo, Mexico City and Berlin bureaus. Two more — Beijing and London — fell victim to cost-cutting in 2005; the final three bureaus — Moscow and Johannesburg, South Africa — fell a couple years later. All were closed by 2008, as the Tribune Co. streamlined and downsized the newspaper chain's foreign reporting. Some material from The Sun's foreign correspondents is archived at the University of Maryland, Baltimore County.
In the 21st century, The Sun, like most legacy newspapers in the United States, has suffered a number of setbacks in the competition with Internet and other sources, including a decline in readership and ads, a shrinking newsroom staff, competition in 2005 from a new free daily, The Baltimore Examiner that lasted two years to 2007, along with a similar Washington publication of a small chain started by new owners that took over the old Hearst flagship paper, the San Francisco Examiner. In 2000, the Times-Mirror company was purchased by the Tribune Company of Chicago. I, 2014 it transferred its newspapers, including The Sun, to Tribune Publishing. On September 19, 2005, again on August 24, 2008, The Baltimore Sun as the paper now titled itself, introduced new layout designs, its circulation as of 2010 was 343,552 on Sundays. On April 29, 2009, the Tribune Company announced that it would lay off 61 of the 205 staff members in the Sun newsroom. On September 23, 2011, it was reported that the Baltimore Sun would be moving its web edition behind a paywall starting October 10, 2011.
The Baltimore Sun is the flagship of the Baltimore Sun Media Group, which produces the b free daily newspaper and more than 30 other Baltimore metropolitan-area community newspapers and Web sites. BSMG content reaches more than one million Baltimore-area readers each week and is the region's most read source of news. On February 20, 2014, The Baltimore Sun Media Group announced that they would buy the alternative weekly City Paper. In April, the Sun acquired the Maryland publications of Landmark Media Enterprises. Although there is now only a morning edition, for many years there were two distinct newspapers—The Sun in the morning and The Evening Sun in the afternoon— each with its own separate reporting and editorial staff; the Evening Sun was first published in 1910 under the leadership of Charles H. Grasty, former owner of the Evening News, a firm believer in the evening circulation. For most of its existence, The Evening Sun led its morning sibling in circulation. In 1959, the afternoon edition's circulation was 220,174, compared to 196,675 for the morning edition.
However, by the 1980s, cultural and economic shifts in America were eating away at afternoon newspapers' market share, with readers flocking to either morning papers or switching to nightly televisi
California State University, Northridge
California State University, Northridge is a public state university in the Northridge neighborhood of Los Angeles, California. With a total enrollment of 38,716 students, it has the largest undergraduate population as well as the second largest total student body of the 23-campus California State University system, making it one of the largest comprehensive universities in the State of California and the nation in terms of enrollment size; the size of CSUN has a major impact on the California economy, with an estimated $1.9 billion in economic output generated by CSUN on a yearly basis. As of Fall 2017, the university had 2,127 faculty. California State University, Northridge was founded first as the Valley satellite campus of California State University, Los Angeles, it became an independent college in 1958 as San Fernando Valley State College, with major campus master planning and construction. The university adopted its current name of California State University, Northridge in 1972. CSUN offers a variety of programs including 134 different bachelor's degrees, master's degrees in 70 different fields, 3 doctoral degrees, 24 teaching credentials.
CSUN ranks 10th in the U. S. in bachelor's degrees has over 300,000 alumni. Additionally, CSUN has been recognized as having one of the best film schools in the U. S. and in the world. CSUN is home to the National Center on Deafness and the university hosts the International Conference on Technology and Persons with Disabilities, held each year in San Diego. CSUN's Chicana and Chicano Studies Department is the largest in California; the establishment of CSUN began in 1952 with the proposal of a new satellite campus for Los Angeles State College. A Baldwin Hills location was planned in 1955, but San Fernando Valley advocates persuaded state officials to change the location to Northridge. In July 1958, the campus separated from Los Angeles State College and was renamed San Fernando Valley State College, with enrollment reaching 2,525 and tuition $29 per semester. In 1959, it became the first State College to have its own computer. In 1964, the pioneering computer lab was moved into quarters in the newly completed Sierra Hall building complex, student enrollment reached nearly 12,000.
The campus's quiet, moderately conservative and overwhelmingly white suburban setting did not shield it from a share of the noise and social upheavals of the Vietnam War era. As on many college campuses, there were large antiwar demonstrations and occasional draft card burnings. In 1966–67, there were only 23 Black and 7 Latino students. Responding to complaints about low minority representation, the administration made some attempts to boost enrollment of Latinos and Blacks in 1967. By the fall of 1968 the tally stood at about 150 75 Latino students. In March 1968, a presidential primary campaign speech by Robert F. Kennedy drew an orderly crowd of 10,000, but in the wake of the assassinations of Martin Luther King, Jr. in April and Robert Kennedy himself in June, some events were not so peaceful. On November 4, 1968, a group of Black students held the college president and more than 30 staff members hostage in the Administration Building for several hours, pressing demands for greater outreach in minority enrollment and employment and the establishment of minority studies departments.
No one was hurt and, under duress, the president agreed to their demands. The administration kept its part of the bargain, but despite an included assurance of amnesty, 28 of the students involved were charged with kidnapping and false imprisonment. One month a fire started by an arsonist gutted the president's office. Several massive antiwar demonstrations took place during 1969–1970, variously resulting in campus shutdowns, heavy police responses, violent clashes, hundreds of arrests, in a few cases serious injuries to demonstrators; the last such demonstration was on the first anniversary of the Kent State shootings. The college renamed itself California State University, Northridge in June 1972. In 1975, the construction of the CSUN sculpture began at the southeast corner of campus. By 1977, enrollment at the university was 28,023, with tuition at $95. In 1981, the campus established a foreign exchange student program with Japan, Ukraine, South Korea, Taiwan and the Netherlands. In 1988, the campus had a $342 tuition fee.
In 1990, the Marilyn Magaram Center for Food Science and Dietetics was established. The 1994 Northridge earthquake struck on January 17 and caused $400 million in damage to the campus, the heaviest damage sustained by an American college campus; the epicenter was less than two miles away on a undiscovered blind thrust fault. The same month, Vice President Al Gore visited with a promise of funds to help with the reconstruction. Entire sections of the main library, the art building and several other major structures were either physically unusable or too hazardous to occupy, but classes soon continued in alternative locations and hastily erected temporary facilities. Among the structures judged to be so damaged that repair was not a practical option were the
University of Texas at El Paso
The University of Texas at El Paso is a public research university in El Paso, Texas. It is member of the University of Texas System. UTEP is the second-largest university in the U. S. to have a majority Mexican American student population after the University of Texas Rio Grande Valley and the university's School of Engineering is the nation's top producer of Hispanic engineers with M. S. and Ph. D. degrees. On January 9, 2019, it was announced that UTEP is now classified as an "R1: Research University" in the Carnegie Classification of Institutions of Higher Education; this designation is reserved for doctoral universities with the highest levels of research activity. UTEP is home to the Sun Bowl stadium, which hosts the annual college football competition the Sun Bowl every winter; the campus is one of the few places in the world outside of Bhutan or Tibet to have buildings created with the Dzong architectural style. It sits on hillsides overlooking the Rio Grande river, with Ciudad Juárez in view across the Mexico–United States border.
On April 16, 1913, SB 183 was signed by the Texas governor allocating funding for a new educational institution which would become UTEP, making it the second oldest academic institution in the University of Texas system. The school opened on September 28, 1914, with 27 students in buildings belonging to the former El Paso Military Institute on a site adjacent to a former Fort Bliss location, at Hart's Mill; the school was founded in 1914 as the State School of Mines and Metallurgy, a practice mineshaft survives on the campus. By 1916, enrollment had grown to 39 students, including its first two female students, Ruth Brown and Grace Odell. On October 29, 1916, a devastating fire destroyed the main building of the school, prompting its relocation. In 1917, the new school facility was constructed on its present site above Mundy Heights, with the land donated by several El Paso residents. In a period when United States architects were designing in styles adopted from Europe, Kathleen Worrell, wife of the university's dean, was attracted by photographs of the Kingdom of Bhutan in a 1914 issue of National Geographic magazine, which showed the dzong architecture style of its Buddhist monasteries.
The resemblances between the local terrain and mountainous features of Bhutan inspired her to propose designing early buildings of the mining school in the dzong style. Liking its distinctiveness, administrations have continued to choose that style for additional facilities, including the Sun Bowl football stadium and parking garages. Dzong architecture has characteristics such as sloping sides, markedly overhanging roofs, bands of colored decoration; the University of Texas Board of Regents changed the name of the institution in 1919 first to the Department of Mines and Metallurgy and to the College of Mines and Metallurgy of the University of Texas in 1920. The school's name was changed again in 1949 to Texas Western College of The University of Texas. Notable events at UTEP include the training in 1961 of the nation's first Peace Corps class, the construction of Sun Bowl Stadium in 1963, the winning of the NCAA Men's Basketball Championship in 1966; when the 60th Texas State Legislature designated the University of Texas as The University of Texas System in 1967, the name of the school was changed to The University of Texas at El Paso.
While the 1967 law designated "U. T. El Paso" as the school's official abbreviated name, the school is more referred to by its trademarked name of "UTEP". Known as the Miners since the school's opening in 1914, TCM's students painted a large "M" for Miners on the Franklin Mountains in 1923; the school has had achievements in academic and sports areas. In 1969, UTEP won the first of seven NCAA Men's Cross Country Championships. In 1974, UTEP's first doctoral degree program in Geological Sciences was approved. In 1974, UTEP won the first of seven NCAA Men's Indoor Track and Field Championships. In 1975 UTEP won Indoor National Championships. UTEP is only one of a handful of universities to win at least 21 NCAA national championships in multiple sports; the campus expanded in 1976 with the completion of the Engineering-Science Complex. That same year, the College of Nursing was founded. In 1977, the Special Events Center was built, featuring a 12,000-seat capacity for sporting events, live concerts, other performances.
An expansion of Sun Bowl Stadium followed in 1982, increasing its capacity to 52,000. The six-story University Library opened its doors to the public for the first time in 1984. In 1988, Diana Natalicio became UTEP's first woman president and is today the longest-serving still sitting president of a major public research university; the next year, UTEP's second doctoral program was approved. Doctoral programs in computer engineering and environmental science and engineering followed in 1991, 1993, 1995, respectively; the university's cooperative pharmacy and nursing doctorate programs began in 1996 and 2000, respectively. A biological sciences doctorate program was started in 1997 and a history doctorate followed in 1999. Doctoral programs in international business, civil engineering, rhetoric and composition were started in 2003. UTEP coach Don Haskins, who compiled a 719–353 record, suffering only five losing seasons, was inducted into the Basketball Hall of Fame in 1997 and the special events center was renamed the Don Haskins Center.
He retired from coaching in 1999, died in 2008. The entire 1966 UTEP team was inducted into the Hall of Fame in 2007. In 1999, UTEP launched its MBA online deg
Moravian College is a private liberal-arts college in Bethlehem, Pennsylvania. The college is associated with Moravian Theological Seminary and traces its founding to 1742 by Moravians, descendants of followers of the Bohemian Reformation though it did not receive a charter to grant baccalaureate degrees until 1863; the most popular majors are health sciences, sociology and biological sciences. Moravian College is sixth-oldest college in the United States and the first to educate women, as well as Native Americans in their own language; the college traces its roots to the Bethlehem Female Seminary, founded in 1742, as the first boarding school for young women in the U. S; the seminary was created by Benigna, Countess von Zinzendorf, the daughter of Count Nikolaus Ludwig Zinzendorf, the benefactor of the fledgling Moravian communities in Nazareth and Bethlehem, Pennsylvania. The Female Seminary was incorporated by the Pennsylvania State Legislature in 1863 and became the women's college, the Moravian Seminary and College for Women in 1913.
The college traces its roots to the founding of two boys' schools, established in 1742 and 1743, which merged to become Nazareth Hall in 1759. Located in the town of Nazareth, Nazareth Hall became, in part, Moravian College and Theological Seminary in 1807, it was incorporated by the Pennsylvania State Legislature as Moravian College and Theological Seminary in 1863 as a baccalaureate-granting institution. Beginning in 1858 and continuing to 1892, the seminary and college relocated from Nazareth to a former boys’ school on Church Street in Bethlehem, located on the present site of the Bethlehem City Hall; the men's Moravian College and Theological Seminary settled in the north end of the city as a result of a donation from the Bethlehem Congregation of the Moravian Church in 1888. The first buildings constructed at North Campus, Comenius Hall and Zinzendorf Hall, were completed in 1892 and joined the property's original brick farmhouse to form the new campus; the farmhouse was named Hamilton Hall, which still stands today.
In 1954, the two schools combined to form the single, modern institution of Moravian College. The merger of the two institutions combined the North Campus and the South Campus into a single collegiate campus; the distance between the North and South campuses is about 0.8 miles of Main Street, called the "Moravian Mile". First-year students traditionally walk the Moravian Mile as part of their orientation activities. Although the college is one of the oldest educational institutions in the United States, it is not considered one of the nine original Colonial Colleges, but rather a colonial-era foundation. Moravian College and Theological Seminary, as well as the Bethlehem Female Seminary, did not start granting baccalaureate degrees until 1863. Moravian College enrolls about 1,700 full-time undergraduate students in a wide variety of majors, all of which are presented in the liberal arts tradition; the seminary enrolls over 100 full-time students in its graduate divinity programs. During most semesters, at least 14 denominations are represented in the seminary student body.
Faith communities most represented among the seminary's students include: Moravian, Lutheran, UCC, United Methodist, Baptist, Roman Catholic, Mennonite, Unitarian Universalist, African Methodist Episcopal, Assembly of God, Brethren and nondenominational. The college's varied and regarded music programs grow from the Moravian Church's musical traditions. Moravian College's student news site is The Comenian, published online throughout the school year; every year, the student body elects representatives to the United Student Government. USG has a legislature, composed of 16 senators from the undergraduate body, an executive, including an elected president and vice president, appointed cabinet and staff, a judiciary, composed of appointed justices. USG was recognized in 1968. A somewhat unusual facet of college governance is the existence of two elected student members of Moravian College's Board of Trustees. Moravian College awards these undergraduate and graduate degrees: Bachelor of Music, Bachelor of Arts, Bachelor of Science, Master of Business Administration, Master of Education, Master of Human Resource Management, six Master of Science programs in nursing.
The college has evening undergraduate programs for adults seeking continuing undergraduate education and graduate degrees. The seminary has accreditation from the Association of Theological Schools in the United States and Canada. Students of the college have received a number of national awards over its history. Between 2000 and 2007, seven students were selected as Fulbright Scholars. Overall, nine of the college's students have received the Fulbright Scholarship. Between 2000 and 2007, one student received a Goldwater Scholarship and another was a Rhodes Scholarship finalist. In 2004 and every year thereafter, the college has been selected for inclusion into the Princeton Review's Best 382 Colleges Guide; the Princeton Review ranks Moravian College among the top 13% of four-year colleges in the United States. Wall Street Journal/Times Higher Education College Rankings 2017 ranks Moravian College at number 283 among U. S. colleges and number 108 among Northeast U. S. colleges. Bloomberg Business Week has ranked Moravian College among the top 25% of U.
S. schools for high return on investment. Moravian Colle