Closely associated is teenage actor or teen actor, an actor who reached popularity as a teenager. Many child actors find themselves struggling to adapt as they become adults, in the United States, the activities of child actors are regulated by the governing labor union, if any, and state and federal laws. Some projects film in remote locations specifically to evade regulations intended to protect the child, longer work hours or risky stunts prohibited in California, for example, might be permitted to a project filming in British Columbia. US federal law specifically exempted minors working the Entertainment Business from all provisions of the Child Labor Laws, any regulation of child actors is governed by disparate state law. Due to the presence of the entertainment industry in California. Being a minor, an actor must secure an entertainment work permit before accepting any paid performing work. The child does his/her schoolwork under the supervision of a teacher while on the set. Many child actors never got to see the money they earned because they were not in charge of this money, jackie Coogan earned millions of dollars from working as a child actor only to see most of it squandered by his parents.
In 1939, California weighed in on this controversy and enacted the Coogan Law which requires a portion of the earnings of a child to be preserved in a savings account called a blocked trust. Some people criticize the parents of actors for allowing their children to work. The child actor may experience unique and negative pressures when working under tight production schedules, large projects which depend for their success on the ability of the child to deliver an effective performance add to the pressure. Many actors careers are short-lived and this is true of child actors. Peter Ostrum, for example, is now a successful large-animal veterinarian after a starring role in Willy Wonka & the Chocolate Factory, shirley Temple became a public figure and diplomat. Jenny Lewis, formerly of Troop Beverly Hills, is a indie rock musician. In Poland, child actor identical twin brothers Lech and Jarosław Kaczyński became very successful politicians, at one time Lech being President, there are child actors who have achieved successful thespian careers into adulthood. V.
In many cases, the failure to retain stardom and success and exposure at a young age has caused many child actors to lead adult lives plagued by troubles, bankruptcy. Examples include the cast members of the American sitcom Diffrent Strokes, which starred child actors Todd Bridges, Gary Coleman, Plato went on to pose for Playboy magazine and was featured in several softcore pornography films. She was arrested twice for armed robbery and forging prescriptions, and died in May 1999 from an overdose of prescription medication, Coleman famously sued his parents for misuse of his trust fund and, although awarded over $1,000,000, filed for bankruptcy in 1999
Eight Iron Men
Eight Iron Men is a 1952 American World War II drama film directed by Edward Dmytryk and produced by Stanley Kramer. It stars Bonar Colleano, Arthur Franz, Lee Marvin and Richard Kiley, the screenplay by Harry Brown was based on his 1945 play A Sound of Hunting, which had featured Burt Lancaster during its short run on Broadway. Three American infantrymen—Carter and Small —are returning from patrol in a town when they are pinned down by an enemy machine gun. Meanwhile, who was separated from the patrol, returns on his own to the squads basement outpost where goof-off Private Collucci is sleeping, dreaming of beautiful women. A runner from company headquarters delivers a package for a squad member, shortly after another patrol returns with Sgt. Mooney and privates Sapiros and Muller. Muller opens the package and finds a fruitcake, which he divides eight ways and Ferguson manage to get back, but the clumsy Small has been left behind, trapped in a shell hole by the machine gun fire. Sgt. Mooney wants to send out a party, and persuades his platoon leader Lt.
Crane to take the request to Capt. Trelawny. A sniper kills Crane before he reaches the command post. Mooney goes to Trelawny but the captain orders Mooney not to attempt a rescue, saying that while he doesnt want to leave Small, the men debate the pros and cons of going after Small while Collucci tries to persuade Muller to let him eat Smalls piece of fruitcake. A runner alerts the squad that the company is pulling out in half an hour and he disobeys orders and with Coke, and a mortar, goes for Small. The mortar fire fails to silence the gun, Trelawny hears the exploding shells and angrily heads to the squads outpost where he confronts Carter for not stopping Mooney. Collucci goes out while the two argue, but Carter persuades the captain to overlook the disobedience, Mooney returns saying they couldnt get close, but if Small had still been alive, he would have made a break for it during the mortar fire. When Collucci is nearly shot by the sniper and returns fire, using a destroyed tank as cover to get close, he tosses grenades that destroy the machine gun nest.
Collucci returns as the squad is rolling up its gear to move out and it turns out that Small sprained his ankle, injected himself with morphine, and slept through the whole ordeal. As all eight men leave their home, Collucci eats the last piece of fruitcake. Collucci Arthur Franz as Carter Lee Marvin as Sgt, joe Mooney Richard Kiley as Pvt. Sapiros James Griffith as Pvt. Ferguson Dickie Moore as Pvt
Our Gang is a series of American comedy short films about a group of poor neighborhood children and their adventures. The series broke new ground by portraying white and black boys, the franchise began in 1922 as a series of silent short subjects produced by the Roach studio and released by Pathé Exchange. Roach changed distributors from Pathé to Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer in 1927, and the series entered its most popular period after converting to sound in 1929, production continued at the Roach studio until 1938, when the series was sold to MGM, which produced the comedies until 1944. In total, the Our Gang series includes 220 shorts and one film, General Spanky. Roachs The Little Rascals package and MGMs Our Gang package have since remained in syndication, new productions based on the shorts have been made over the years, including a 1994 feature film, Little Rascals, released by Universal Pictures. Senior director Robert F. McGowan helmed most of the Our Gang shorts until 1933, McGowan worked to develop a style that allowed the children to be as natural as possible, downplaying the importance of the filmmaking equipment.
Scripts were written for the shorts by the Hal Roach comedy writing staff, when sound came in at the end of the 1920s, McGowan modified his approach slightly, but scripts were not adhered to until McGowan left the series. Douglas in particular had to streamline his films, as he directed Our Gang after Roach halved the running times of the shorts from two reels to one reel. As children became too old for the series, they were replaced by new children, eventually Our Gang talent scouting employed large-scale national contests in which thousands of children tried out for an open role. Norman Chubby Chaney, Matthew Stymie Beard and Billie Buckwheat Thomas all won contests to become members of the gang, even when there was no talent search, the studio was bombarded by requests from parents who were sure their children were perfect for the series. Among them were the child stars Mickey Rooney and Shirley Temple. The Our Gang series is notable for being one of the first in history in which blacks.
The four African-American child actors who held main roles in the series were Ernie Sunshine Sammy Morrison, Allen Farina Hoskins, Matthew Stymie Beard and Billie Buckwheat Thomas. Ernie Morrison was, in fact, the first African-American actor signed to a contract in Hollywood history. In their adult years, Morrison and Thomas became some of Our Gangs staunchest defenders, maintaining that its integrated cast and we were just a group of kids who were having fun, Stymie Beard recalled. Ernie Morrison stated, When it came to race, Hal Roach was color-blind, other minorities, including the Asian Americans (Sing Joy, Allen Tong, and Edward Soo Hoo and the Italian American actor, were depicted in the series with varying levels of stereotyping. According to Roach, the idea for Our Gang came to him in 1921, the girl was, in his opinion, overly made up and overly rehearsed, and Roach waited for the audition to be over. After the girl and her left the office, Roach looked out of his window to a lumberyard across the street
Sergeant York (film)
Sergeant York is a 1941 biographical film about the life of Alvin York, one of the most-decorated American soldiers of World War I. It was directed by Howard Hawks and was the film of the year. The film was based on the diary of Sergeant Alvin York, as edited by Tom Skeyhill, and adapted by Harry Chandlee, Abem Finkel, John Huston, Howard Koch, and Sam Cowan. York refused, several times, to authorize a film version of his life story, Cooper went on to win the Academy Award for Best Actor for his portrayal. The film won for Best Film Editing and was nominated in nine categories, including Best Picture, Supporting Actor. The American Film Institute ranked the film 57th in the its 100 most inspirational American movies and it rated Alvin York 35th in its list of the top 50 heroes in American cinema. In 2008, Sergeant York was selected for preservation in the United States National Film Registry by the Library of Congress as being culturally, historically, or aesthetically significant. Alvin York, a poor young Tennessee hillbilly, is a marksman, but a neer-do-well prone to drinking and fighting.
He meets winsome Gracie Williams, and works night and day at strenuous odd jobs to accumulate the payment for a certain bottomland farm so shell marry him. Alvin is given an option on the bottomland by its owner as part of an agreement that Alvin can raise the purchase price in sixty days. Alvin drinks heavily and swears revenge, late that night, Alvin is struck by lightning during a rainstorm while en route to attack the man who had cheated him. He survives the lightning strike, but his mule is knocked down, finding himself outside the church house where a revival meeting is being held, he enters and undergoes a religious awakening and vows never to get angry at anyone ever again. He makes amends with the men who cheated him out of the land and he reluctantly reports to Camp Gordon for basic training. His superiors discover that he is a marksman and decide to promote him to corporal. York still wants nothing to do with the Army and killing, Major Buxton, his sympathetic commanding officer, tries to change Yorks mind, citing sacrifices made by others all throughout the history of the United States.
He gives York a leave to go home and think it over and he promises York a recommendation for his exemption as a conscientious objector if York remains unconvinced. While York is fasting and pondering, the wind blows his Bible open to the verse Render therefore unto Caesar the things which are Caesars, and unto God the things that are Gods. York reports back for duty and tells his superiors that he can serve his country, despite not having everything figured out to his satisfaction, York is still ridiculed by some superiors for his beliefs, until he demonstrates his skill in firing his rifle to the surprise of all
The Beloved Rogue
The Beloved Rogue is a 1927 American silent film, loosely based on the life of the 15th century French poet, François Villon. The film was directed by Alan Crosland for United Artists, François Villon is played by John Barrymore, and other cast members include Conrad Veidt as King Louis XI and Marceline Day as Charlotte de Vauxcelles. The story had been filmed in 1920 as If I Were King with William Farnum, the film was re-made in the sound era again reverting to its original title If I Were King with Ronald Colman. Barrymores Eternal Love is another UA film Pickford preserved and this surviving Pickford print of The Beloved Rogue represents what a true tinted & toned silent film looks like, made directly on tinted film stock prevalent in the silent era. John Barrymore viewed the premiere of the film with a picture palace audience. Unbeknownst to the audience he was standing at the back of the movie house, Barrymore apparently was discontented or bemused with his own performance stating. what a ham
Mans Castle is a 1933 Pre-Code American film directed by Frank Borzage, and starring Spencer Tracy and Loretta Young. Well-dressed Bill takes pity on Trina, a young woman he meets in a city park. After she is finished, he informs the manager he has no money and he raises such a ruckus that the manager is all too willing to let them go. When Bill learns that Trina is homeless, he lets her stay at his home in a shanty town. Among their neighbors and friends are widowed former preacher Ira and Flossie, Bill is a wandering sort, unwilling to live in the same place too long. Trina falls in love him, but wisely makes no demands that will make him feel trapped in their developing relationship. When she longs for a new stove, he raises the down payment by serving a summons on Fay La Rue, far from resenting it, Fay wants him for a playmate. He is tempted, but turns her down, just as Bills restless nature starts becoming too much for him, Trina tells him she is pregnant. Ira presides at Bill and Trinas wedding, before hitting the road by himself, Bill decides to get enough money to support his wife and future child.
He agrees to help slimy neighbor Bragg rob the payroll from a toy factory where Bragg used to work, the night watchman, shoots Bill before recognizing him. Fortunately, it is only a flesh wound, wanting Trina for himself, Bragg turns on the burglar alarm, but Bill gets away with Iras help. Back home, Trina dresses the wound, Flossie suggests that Bill take Trina away with him, solving Bills dilemma. After they leave, Bragg threatens to set the police on their track, gives an occasional fleeting reminder of his successful silent film, Seventh Heaven the story is by no means as plausible or as poetic as that memorable old work. Mans Castle can, boast of the thoroughly efficient portrayals of Spencer Tracy and Loretta Young and their work results in much of the narrative being quite interesting and several of the scenes are blessed with touches of originality. The films box office performance was described as dismal, with the Production Code in full force, the Hays Office mandated nine minutes of cuts to win a seal of approval.
This resulted in a number of blatantly obvious jump cuts where racy dialogue has been removed and this 66-minute version is all that currently survives, although Sony Pictures continues to search for the missing trims. Columbias movie channel showed Mans Castle in April 2016, the stated running time is 78 minutes. There are no obvious jump cuts or any apparent attempt to gloss over Trinas pregnancy, Mans Castle at the Internet Movie Database A Mans Castle at the TCM Movie Database A Mans Castle at AllMovie Mans Castle at the American Film Institute Catalog
Gary Cooper was an American film actor known for his natural and understated acting style and screen performances. His career spanned thirty-five years, from 1925 to 1960, and he was a major movie star from the end of the silent film era through the end of the golden age of Classical Hollywood. His screen persona appealed strongly to men and women, and his range of performances included roles in most major movie genres. Coopers ability to project his own personality onto the characters he played contributed to his appearing natural, the screen persona he sustained throughout his career represented the ideal American hero. Cooper began his career as an extra and stunt rider. After establishing himself as a Western hero in his silent films, Cooper became a movie star in 1929 with his first sound picture. In the early 1930s, he expanded his heroic image to include more characters in adventure films and dramas such as A Farewell to Arms. In the postwar years, he portrayed more mature characters at odds with the world in such as The Fountainhead.
In his final films, Cooper played non-violent characters searching for redemption in films such as Friendly Persuasion and he married New York debutante Veronica Balfe in 1933, and the couple had one daughter. Their marriage was interrupted by a three-year separation precipitated by Coopers love affair with Patricia Neal, Cooper received the Academy Award for Best Actor for his roles in Sergeant York and High Noon. He received an Academy Honorary Award for his achievements in 1961. He was one of the top ten film personalities for twenty-three consecutive years, the American Film Institute ranked Cooper eleventh on its list of the twenty five greatest male stars of classic Hollywood cinema. Frank James Cooper was born on May 7,1901, at 730 Eleventh Avenue in Helena, Montana to English immigrants Alice and his father emigrated from Houghton Regis and became a prominent lawyer and eventually a Montana Supreme Court justice. His mother emigrated from Gillingham and married Charles in Montana, in 1906, Charles purchased the 600-acre Seven-Bar-Nine cattle ranch about fifty miles north of Helena near the town of Craig on the Missouri River.
Frank and his older brother Arthur spent their summers there and learned to ride horses, hunt, in April 1908, the Hauser Dam failed and flooded the Missouri River valley along portions of the Cooper property, but Cooper and his family were able to evacuate in time. Cooper attended Central Grade School in Helena, at Dunstable, Cooper studied Latin and French, and took several courses in English history. While he managed to adapt to the discipline of an English school and learned the requisite social graces, he never adjusted to the class structure. After completing confirmation classes, Cooper was baptized into the Anglican Church on December 3,1911, Coopers mother accompanied her sons back to the United States in August 1912, and Cooper resumed his education at Johnson Grammar School in Helena
Josef von Sternberg
Josef von Sternberg, born Jonas Sternberg was an Austrian-American film director. His family emigrated permanently to the United States when he was fourteen and he started working at World Film Company in Fort Lee, New Jersey, where he was mentored by French director Emile Chautard. Sternberg started in Hollywood after making his first film as a director in 1925, charlie Chaplin became interested in him, and had him direct a film. Sternberg worked on silent films in the late 1920s, by which time he had adopted the use of von in his name. His encouragement of the latters performances helped to create the Dietrich legend in the six additional films they made together in Hollywood and he was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Director for two of these and Shanghai Express. Josef von Sternberg was born Jonas Sternberg in 1894 to a Jewish family in Vienna, when he was two years old, his father Moses Sternberg, a former soldier in the army of Austria-Hungary, moved to the United States in search of work.
The rest of the family emigrated and rejoined his father when Jonas was seven, three years later, the entire family returned to Vienna. After Sternberg had turned fourteen, the family emigrated again to the United States and his father found work there as a lace worker, but they struggled to survive. Sternberg learned English in public schools in New York, which were filled with immigrants, Sternberg dropped out of Jamaica High School and worked as an errand boy in a lace warehouse. He obtained a job cleaning and repairing movie prints, by about 1915 he was working for William A. Brady at the World Film Company at Fort Lee, New Jersey. There he was mentored by Emile Chautard and other French-speaking directors and cinematographers at World, Chautard hired Sternberg as an assistant director in 1919 for a version of The Mystery of the Yellow Room. Sternberg made his debut in 1925 with The Salvation Hunters. Actor/co-producer Elliott Dexter added the particle von to Sternbergs name in 1925 during the production of By Divine Right.
Sternberg did not protest, as he liked the suggestion of comparison with director Erich von Stroheim, charlie Chaplin was impressed by The Salvation Hunters, and encouraged Douglas Fairbanks and Mary Pickford to acquire the rights to it. Pickford asked Sternberg to direct a film with her as star, Chaplin commissioned him to write and direct A Woman of the Sea, starring his former star and lover Edna Purviance, but destroyed the film. Still photographs from A Woman of the Sea were published by Purviances family in 2008, Sternberg had some commercial success in the 1920s at Paramount Pictures with the late-period silent films The Last Command and The Docks of New York. These were both noted for their influential cinematography and his reputation was advanced by a series of early gangster films including Underworld and Thunderbolt. Sternbergs career suffered a decline after Thunderbolt and he accepted an invitation to make a film in Germany, in 1929, Sternberg worked in Berlin, where he directed Der blaue Engel in both German and English versions simultaneously
John Barrymore was an American actor on stage and radio. After a success as Hamlet in London in 1925, Barrymore left the stage for 14 years, in the silent film era, he was well received in such pictures as Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde, Sherlock Holmes and The Sea Beast. During this period, he gained his nickname, the Great Profile and his stage-trained voice proved an asset when sound films were introduced, and three of his works, Grand Hotel, Twentieth Century and Midnight have been inducted into the National Film Registry. Barrymores personal life has been the subject of attention before. He struggled with alcohol abuse from the age of 14, was married and divorced four times, Much of his work involved self-parody and the portrayal of drunken has-beens. His obituary in The Washington Post observed that with the passing of the years – and as his life became more public – he became, despite his genius in the theater. Barrymore was born John Sidney Blyth in Philadelphia, and was known by family, although the Barrymore family bible puts his date of birth as February 15,1882, his birth certificate shows February 14.
He was the youngest of three children and his siblings were Lionel, and Ethel. Barrymores mother, Georgie Drew Barrymore, was born into a prominent theatrical family, Barrymores maternal grandparents were Louisa Lane Drew, a well-known 19th-century American actress and the manager of the Arch Street Theatre, and John Drew, an actor whose specialty was comedy. Barrymores maternal uncles were two more thespians, John Drew, Jr. and Sidney, Much of Barrymores early life was unsettled. In October 1882, the family toured in the US for a season with Polish actress Helena Modjeska, the following year his parents toured again with Modjeska but left the children behind. Modjeska was influential in the family, and she insisted that all three children be baptized into the Catholic Church, in 1884 the family traveled to London as part of Augustin Dalys theatrical company, returning to the US two years later. As a child, Barrymore was sometimes badly behaved, and he was sent away to schools in an attempt to instill discipline, the strategy was not always successful, and he attended elementary schools in four states.
He was sent first to the annex of the Convent of Notre Dame in Philadelphia. I wanted to be an artist and he was expelled from the school in 1891 and was sent to Seton Hall Preparatory School in New Jersey, where Lionel was already studying. Barrymore was unhappy at Seton and was withdrawn, after which he attended several public schools in New York. In 1892, his grandmother Louisa Drews business began to suffer, the loss of their mothers income prompted both Ethel and Lionel to seek work as professional actors. Barrymores father was absent from the family home while on tour, and when he returned he would spend time at The Lambs
The Matrimonial Bed
The Matrimonial Bed is a 1930 American pre-Code comedy film produced and released by Warner Bros. It was based on the French play by André Mouëzy-Éon and Yves Mirande, the English version of the play, by Sir Seymour Hicks, opened in New York on October 12,1927 and had 13 performances. Leopold Trebel is a man who was in a train wreck five years earlier and was taken for dead by his wife, Juliet Leopold and Juliet have both remarried. Leopold, who remembers nothing that occurred before the wreck, is the father of two sets of twins by his new wife, Sylvaine. Juliet has recently had a child with her new husband, Gustave Corton, Leopold is a very popular hairdresser and some of Juliets friends urge her to try him out. When Leopold shows up at her home, he shocks the servants, a doctor manages to restore Leopolds memory through hypnosis but in the process makes him forget what has happened in the last five years. When Leopold awakes from hypnosis, he thinks he has only been unconscious for a short while and he assumes he is still Juliets husband.
The doctor warns everyone not to him the truth because the shock could kill him. Just at this moment, Gustave Corton arrives home and is shocked to find Leopold in his bed. Later on, Sylvaine arrives only to find her husband in bed with Gustave Corton, Leopold learns what has happened and asks the doctor to pretend to take back his memory so that Juliet, whom he deeply loves, can continue to live her new life. Leopold is discovered in bed with Gustave, and Sylvaine assumes they are having an affair and, exclaims, when the doctor attempts to examine Leopold, the other assumes the doctor is gay and refuses to take off his shirt. When the doctor turns off the light to him, Leopold exclaims that he was right in his suspicions about him. The movie has numerous gay jokes as the hairdresser/husband played by Leopold, actor Frank Fay camps up the hairdresser persona to differentiate himself from the personality of the husband. There are lines like - I may be a hairdresser but that doesnt mean I hold mens hands, when he asks what manner of person was he as the hairdresser, he is told, You were gay, a bit dandified.
Friedland James Bradbury Sr. as Chabonnais Florence Eldridge as Juliette The Matrimonial Bed at the American Film Institute Catalog The Matrimonial Bed at the Internet Movie Database
Walter Thomas Huston was a Canadian-born American actor and singer. Huston won the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor for his role in The Treasure of the Sierra Madre, Huston was born in Toronto, where he attended Winchester Street Public School. He was the son of Elizabeth and Robert Moore Houghston, a farmer who founded a construction company. He was of Scottish and Irish descent and he had a brother and two sisters, one of whom was the theatrical voice coach Margaret Carrington. His family moved, before his birth, from Orangeville, Ontario where they were farmers, as a young man, he worked in construction and in his spare time attended the Shaw School of Acting. He made his debut in 1902. He went on to tour in In Convict Stripes, a play by Hal Reid, father of Wallace Reid and he again toured in another play The Sign of the Cross. In 1904, he married Rhea Gore and gave up acting to work as a manager of power stations in Nevada. He maintained these jobs until 1909, in 1909, his marriage foundering, he appeared with an older actress named Bayonne Whipple.
They were billed as Whipple and Huston and, in 1915, vaudeville was their livelihood into the 1920s. Huston began his Broadway career on January 22,1924 and he appeared in a play, Mr. Pitt. Several more Broadway plays solidified his fame, e. g. Desire Under the Elms, The Barker, Elmer the Great, once talkies began in Hollywood, he achieved fame in both character roles and as a leading man. His first major role was portraying the villainous Trampas in the western The Virginian with Gary Cooper and he starred as the title character in the Broadway theatrical adaptation of Sinclair Lewiss novel Dodsworth in 1934 and the plays film version two years later. For his role as Sam Dodsworth, Huston won the New York Critics Circle Award for Best Actor and was nominated for the Academy Award, Huston remained busy throughout the 1930s and 1940s, both on stage and screen. He performed September Song in the original Broadway production of Knickerbocker Holiday in 1938, in 1941, Walter Huston portrayed the part of the ships captain, who is shot while delivering the black bird to Sam Spade in the Maltese Falcon.
Walters son, John Huston, directed the picture, John Huston, as a practical joke, had his father enter the scene and die over 10 different takes. In 1948, he played Howard in The Treasure of the Sierra Madre, travens novel, which told the story of three gold diggers in 1920s post-revolution Mexico. In the 1950 release of the entitled, September Affair, starring Joan Fontaine and Joseph Cotten