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Dictionary of Canadian Biography

The Dictionary of Canadian Biography is a dictionary of biographical entries for individuals who have contributed to the history of Canada. The DCB, initiated in 1959, is a collaboration between the University of Toronto and Laval University. Fifteen volumes have so far been published with more than 8,400 biographies of individuals who died or whose last known activity fell between the years 1000 and 1930; the entire print edition is online, along with some additional biographies to the year 2000. The project was undertaken following a bequest to the University of Toronto from businessman, James Nicholson for the establishment of a Canadian version of the United Kingdom's Dictionary of National Biography. In the spring of 1959, George Williams Brown was appointed general editor and the University of Toronto Press, named publisher, sent out some 10,000 announcements introducing the project. Work started in July of that year. 1 July was designated the formal date of the Dictionary's establishment, not coincidentally the same day Canada's confederation is celebrated.

New ground was broken when on 9 the French edition of the dictionary was established. No similar research or publication project of this size in English and French had been undertaken before in Canada. Marcel Trudel was appointed directeur adjoint for Dictionnaire biographique du Canada, Université Laval the publisher, it had been decided from the start that for the project to have true resonance for Canadians, the French and English editions of the Dictionary would be identical in content, save for language, each volume of the Dictionary would be issued simultaneously. The project by its nature required not only much translation, as articles would originate in English and in French, but close coordination as well; the first volume of the Dictionary of Canadian Biography appeared in 1966 with 594 biographies covering the years 1000 to 1700. The publishers had looked at other similar projects, such as the Dictionary of National Biography and the Dictionary of American Biography and concluded a different approach was required.

In those dictionaries, volumes were published over a span of years. For that reason, until the last volume was published, no historical period could be covered until the last volume appeared; those who died subsequently were added in future volumes in a period arrangement. The DCB, it was decided, would publish in a period arrangement throughout, with volumes arranged chronologically, with each volume covering a specific range of years with biographies arranged alphabetically; the volume in which a biography was to appear was determined by death date of the individual in question or, if, unknown, the date of their last known activity. Volumes were to be of approximate equal size, with the span of time covered within each reducing as biographies moved into the 20th century. A major drawback to the system was the fact that few people would be aware of the death dates of many people and therefore would not know in which volume an individual's biography would be found; this was to be addressed by epitome volumes.

Some advantages to the period approach were practical ones – biographies more or less linked by time period would bring together scholars specializing in those periods, thus making research and cross-checking easier, readers would not have to keep reacquainting themselves with the historical period the individuals lived in. Additionally, future revisions would be limited to the volumes in question and not the entire series; the subjects of biographies were broad. While noteworthy Canadians born and resident in Canada and Canadians who made their reputations abroad were to be included, so were persons from other countries who made a contribution to Canadian life. A general rule was to exclude those persons who had not set foot in what is now Canada if their influence on Canada was great; as for those born outside of Canada, focus was to be given to their life in Canada. A guide was issued for the writers of Volume I biographies, repeated for subsequent volumes: "The biography should be a fresh and scholarly treatment of the subject based upon reliable sources precise and accurate in statements of fact, but presented in attractive literary form....

The aim is to secure independent and original treatments and not mere compilations of preceding accounts."The biographies themselves were to range from about 200 words to a maximum of 8,000 to 10,000 words. There would be several hundred contributors for each volume. An additional feature, taking advantage of the period approach, was the inclusion of several historical essays to further establish the historical context of many of the subjects of the biographies. Future volumes would include historical essays, but not all. Volume II, covering the years 1701 to 1740, appeared in 1969. Biographies of 578 individuals appeared within its pages. David Hayne was now general editor, having replaced Brown who died during the preparation of Volume I. By this time, there had been an important development which would have the effect of altering the publication sequence. Canada's centennial was celebrated in 1967 and, the government of Canada created the Centennial Commission, in part to promote historical awareness.

One of the first acts of the Commission was to award a grant to the DCB towards biographical research in the years 1850 to 1900. As a result, in 1967 it was decided to start preparing volumes for the 19th century. Volume X, ranging from 1871 to 1880, was

Bhairab

Bhairab is a city in central Bangladesh, located in Dhaka District in the division of Dhaka. It is administrative headquarter and urban centre of Bhairab Upazila. About 118,992 people live here which makes this city the 2nd largest in Kishoreganj District and 38th largest city in Bangladesh. Bhairab city is located at 24.044577°N 90.986052°E / 24.044577. Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 2019-10-08.</ref> According to 2011 Bangladesh census the total population of the city is 118,992 of which 60,284 are males and 58,708 are females with a density of 7,574 people per sq. km. The number of total household of the city is 24,057. Bhairab city is governed by a Paurashava named Bhairab municipality which consists of 12 wards and 29 mahallas, which occupies an area of 15.71 km2

Antoine Dorsaz

Antoine Dorsaz is a Swiss pair skater. With former partner Anaïs Morand, he is the 2008–2010 Swiss national champion. Morand and Dorsaz teamed up in 2005, they spent their first two seasons together on the junior circuit. In 2008-9 they competed in both juniors and seniors, finishing 12th at the European Championships and 10th at the World Junior Championships, they were not able to qualify a spot for Switzerland for the Winter Olympics. Morand and Dorsaz began the 2009-10 season at the 2009 Nebelhorn Trophy, where they qualified a spot for Switzerland at the 2010 Winter Olympics, they continued to skate on the junior Grand Prix circuit and moved up to 8th at the European Championships. They moved up to 13th at Worlds. Dorsaz retired from competitive skating after the 2010 season. Anaïs Morand / Antoine Dorsaz at the International Skating Union