Dido was, according to ancient Greek and Roman sources, the founder and first queen of Carthage. She is primarily known from the account given by the Roman poet Virgil in his epic, in some sources she is also known as Elissa. The person of Dido can be traced to references by Roman historians to lost writings of Timaeus of Tauromenium in Sicily, historians gave various dates, both for the foundation of Carthage and the foundation of Rome. Timaeus made Carchedons wife Elissa the sister of King Pygmalion of Tyre, archaeological evidence of settlement on the site of Carthage before the last quarter of the 8th century BC has yet to be found. Paucity of material for this period may be explained by rejection of the Greek Dark Age theory and that the city is named
Aeneas recounting the Trojan War to Dido, a painting by Pierre-Narcisse Guérin. This scene is taken from Virgil's Aeneid, where Dido falls in love with, only to be left by, the Trojan hero Aeneas.
Aeneid, Book IV, Death of Dido. From the Vergilius Vaticanus (Vatican Library, Cod. Vat. lat. 3225).