The CONMEBOL Libertadores, named as Copa Libertadores de América, is an annual international club football competition organized by CONMEBOL since 1960. It is one of the most prestigious tournaments in the world and the most prestigious club competition in South American football; the tournament is named in honor of the Libertadores, the main leaders of the South American wars of independence, so a literal translation of its name into English would be "America's Liberators Cup". The competition has had several different formats over its lifetime. At the beginning, only the champions of the South American leagues participated. In 1966, the runners-up of the South American leagues began to join. In 1998, Mexican teams were invited to compete, have contested since 2000, when the tournament was expanded from 20 to 32 teams. Today at least four clubs per country compete in the tournament, while Argentina and Brazil have six and seven clubs participating, respectively. Traditionally, a group stage has always been used but the number of teams per group has varied several times.
In the present format, the tournament consists of six stages, with the first stage taking place in early February. The six surviving teams from the first stage join 26 teams in the second stage, in which there are eight groups consisting of four teams each; the eight group winners and eight runners-up enter the final four stages, better known as the knockout stages, which ends with the finals anywhere between November and December. The winner of the Copa Libertadores becomes eligible to play in the FIFA Club World Cup and the Recopa Sudamericana. Independiente of Argentina is the most successful club in the cup's history, having won the tournament seven times. Argentine clubs have accumulated the most victories with 25 wins, while Brazil has the largest number of different winning teams, with a total of 10 clubs having won the title; the cup has been won by 24 different clubs, 13 of which have won the title more than once, won consecutively by six clubs. The clashes for the Copa Aldao between the champions of Argentina and Uruguay kindled the idea of a continental competition in the 1930s.
In 1948, the South American Championship of Champions, the most direct precursor to the Copa Libertadores, was played and organized by Chilean club Colo-Colo after years of planning and organization. Held in Santiago, it brought together the champions of each nation's top national leagues; the tournament was won by Vasco da Gama of Brazil. In 1958, the basis and format of the competition was created by Peñarol's board leaders. On March 5, 1959, at the 24th South American Congress held in Buenos Aires, the competition was approved by the International Affairs Committee. In 1965, it was named in honor of the heroes of South American liberation, such as Simón Bolívar, José de San Martín, Pedro I, Bernardo O'Higgins, José Gervasio Artigas, among others; the first edition of the Copa Libertadores took place in 1960. Seven teams participated: Bahia of Brazil, Jorge Wilstermann of Bolivia, Millonarios of Colombia, Olimpia of Paraguay, Peñarol of Uruguay, San Lorenzo of Argentina and Universidad de Chile.
All these teams were domestic champions of their respective leagues in 1959. The first Copa Libertadores match took place on April 19, 1960, it was won by Peñarol, who defeated Jorge Wilstermann 7–1. The first goal in Copa Libertadores history was scored by Carlos Borges of Peñarol; the Uruguayans won the first edition, defeating Olimpia in the finals, defended the title in 1961. The Copa Libertadores did not receive international attention until its third edition, when the sublime football of a Santos team led by Pelé, considered by some the best club team of all time, earned worldwide admiration. Os Santásticos known as O Balé Branco won the title in 1962 defeating defending champions Peñarol in the finals. A year O Rei and his compatriot Coutinho demonstrated their skills again in the form of tricks, dribbles and goals including two in the second leg of the final at La Bombonera, to subdue Boca Juniors 2–1 and retain the trophy. Argentine football inscribed their name on the winner's list in 1964 when Independiente became the champions after disposing of reigning champions Santos and Uruguayan side Nacional in the finals.
Independiente defended the title in 1965. One of the most important moments in the tournament's early history occurred in 1968 which saw Estudiantes participate for the first time. Estudiantes, a modest neighborhood club and a minor team in Argentina, had an unusual style that prioritized athletic preparation and achieving results at all costs. Led by coach Osvaldo Zubeldía and a team built around figures such as Carlos Bilardo, Oscar Malbernat and Juan Ramón Verón, went on to become the first tricampeón of the competition; the pincharratas won their first title in 1968 by defeating Palmeiras. They defended the title in 1969 and 1970 against Nacional and Peñarol, respectively. Although Peñarol was the first club to win three titles, Estudiantes were the first to win three consecutive titles; the 1970s were dominated with the exception of three seasons. In a rematch of the 1969 finals, Nacional emerged as the champions of the 1971 tournament after overcoming an Estudiantes squad depleted of key players.
With two titles under their belt, Independiente created a winning formula with the likes of Francisco Sa, José Omar Pastoriza, Ricardo Bochini and Daniel Bertoni: pillars of the title
Estudiantes de La Plata
Club Estudiantes de La Plata referred to as Estudiantes, is an Argentine professional sports club based in La Plata. The club's football team competes in the Primera División, where it has spent most of its history; the club is amongst the most successful teams in Argentina. In 1967, Estudiantes was the first team outside the traditional "big five" to win a professional league title. Since the squad has won four more league titles to bring the total to five, it has had greater international success, having won six international titles. Estudiantes' international silverware consists of four Copa Libertadores, an Intercontinental Cup, an Interamerican Cup; the club was founded in 1905 when a group of players and fans decided to break away from Gimnasia de La Plata, which favored indoor sports over football. Matches between the two clubs are known as the Clásico Platense; the Estudiantes home stadium is undergoing renovations, so the team plays in the city-owned Estadio Único de La Plata. Other sports where Estudiantes competes are basketball, team handball, field hockey, swimming and volleyball.
In 1905, a group of football players and fans in the city of La Plata decided to break away from Gimnasia y Esgrima, the major club in the city, since Gimnasia's management neglected football after the closure of their field on 13th and 71st streets. Thus, on August 4, 1905, in the shoestore "New York" on 7th Street, between 57 and 58 of the city of La Plata, the club was founded under the name "Club Atlético Estudiantes", its first president, Miguel Gutiérrez, was elected on the same night, when the club charter was drafted by card-carrying member #1, Alfredo Lartigue. Since its inception, the organization was dedicated to football, but over the years the club expanded and incorporated basketball, field hockey, tennis and golf, among others. In those days, teams like Lomas A. C. Quilmes, Belgrano A. C. Estudiantil Porteño, San Isidro and Argentino de Quilmes, among others, faced each other in successive tournaments organized by the Argentine Football Association with Alumni being one of the most successful.
On 28 February 1906 Estudiantes adopted a jersey design of striped red and white, in honor of Alumni, that had won ten championships between 1900 and 1911. However, during the early years, Estudiantes had to use a red shirt with a white stripe in the chest, because league authorities decided the uniform was too similar to Alumni's; the first pitch of the club was located at the intersection of 19th and 53rd streets in La Plata, with the first match being played on November 7, 1905, when Estudiantes faced Nacional Juniors from Buenos Aires. A year Estudiantes enrolled in the Associación Amateurs de Football; the stadium on 1st Avenue opened on 25 December 1907. Estudiantes' first achievement was the 1911 Primera B title which allowed the team to play at the top division of Argentine football, Primera División. Just two years Estudiantes won its first title in Primera, playing at the dissident Federación Argentina de Football; that season the team disputed 18 matches, winning 14 with only 1 scoring 64 goals.
In 1914 Estudiantes made another great campaign but the team finished 2nd to Porteño. 1919 saw Estudiantes finishing 2nd to champion Boca Juniors although the Association put an end to the tournament with 14 fixtures still to be played. The Association alleged that "the championship took longer than expected" so it was finished. In subsequent years, Estudiantes made irregular campaigns, in some cases finishing at the bottom of the table; the team made a great performance in 1928 when finishing 3rd to champion Huracán and Boca Juniors. The last year of amateur era saw Estudiantes being runner-up to Boca Juniors; the team totalized 56 points with 27 won and 7 losses. When professionalism was adopted in Argentine football in 1931, Estudiantes had a famous offensive lineup: Miguel Ángel Lauri, Alejandro Scopelli, Alberto Zozaya, Manuel Ferreira and Enrique Guaita, known as Los Profesores, still regarded as one of Argentina's all-time finest. Alberto Zozaya scored the first goal of professional football in Argentina and was the top goalscorer of the first professional tournament.
Ferreira played for the national team in the 1930 World Cup. Saúl Calandra, the Sbarra brothers and Armando Nery were feared defensive players. In 1937, a pioneering lighting system was installed in the stadium, allowing night games to be played; the 1950s saw the rise of goalkeeper Gabriel Ogando, players such as Walter Garcerón]], Alberto Bouché, Juan Urriolabeitía, Ricardo Infante, Héctor Antonio, as well as the final seasons of striker Manuel Pelegrina, who remains Estudiantes' all-time top scorer with 221 goals. Following a confrontation with the Peronist government of Buenos Aires Province, the club's management was removed by authorities The government-appointed management disbanded the team: top scorers Infante and Pelegrina signed with Huracán; the decimated team was relegated in 1953, but after the return of Pelegrina, Estudiantes was promoted the following year. The club was allowed to govern itself soon thereafter. In the 1960s, Miguel Ignomiriello coached the Estudiantes under-19 team
The CONMEBOL Sudamericana, named as Copa Sudamericana is an annual international club football competition organized by the CONMEBOL since 2002. It is the second-most prestigious club competition in South American football. CONCACAF clubs were invited between 2004 and 2008; the CONMEBOL Sudamericana began in 2002, replacing the separate competitions Copa Merconorte and Copa Mercosur by a single competition. Since its introduction, the competition has been a pure elimination tournament with the number of rounds and teams varying from year to year; the CONMEBOL Sudamericana is considered a merger of defunct tournaments such as the Copa CONMEBOL, Copa Mercosur and Copa Merconorte. The winner of the Copa Sudamericana becomes eligible to play in the Recopa Sudamericana, they gain entry onto the next edition of the Copa Libertadores, South America's premier club competition, contest the Suruga Bank Championship. The reigning champion of the competition is Brazilian club Athletico Paranaense, who defeated Colombian club Junior in the most recent final.
Argentine clubs have accumulated the most victories with eight while containing the largest number of different winning teams, with a total of six clubs having won the title. The cup has been won by 15 different clubs. Argentine clubs Boca Juniors and Independiente are the most successful clubs in the cup's history, having won the tournament twice, with Boca Juniors being the only one to achieve it back-to-back, in 2004 and 2005. In 1992, the Copa CONMEBOL was an international football tournament created for South American clubs that did not qualify for the Copa Libertadores and Supercopa Sudamericana; this tournament was replaced by the Copa Merconorte and Copa Mercosur. These tournaments started in 1998 but were discontinued in 2001. A Pan-American club cup competition was intended, under the name of Copa Pan-Americana, but instead, the Copa Sudamericana was introduced in 2002 as a single-elimination tournament with the reigning Copa Mercosur champion, San Lorenzo; as of 2015 the tournament comprised 48 teams in a knockout format, with 16 sides getting bye to the second round.
Starting from the 2017 edition, the tournament implemented the following format changes: The tournament was expanded from 47 to 54 teams. A total of 44 teams would directly enter the Copa Sudamericana, while a total of 10 teams eliminated from the Copa Libertadores would be transferred to the Copa Sudamericana, entering the competition in the second stage; the schedule of the tournament was extended to year-round so it would start in February and conclude in December. As the Copa Libertadores and the Copa Sudamericana would be held concurrently, no team would be able to qualify for both tournaments in the same year; the Copa Sudamericana champions would no longer directly qualify for the next edition as they would now directly qualify for the group stage of the Copa Libertadores. Brazil would be allocated six berths, decreased from eight. All teams directly entering the Copa Sudamericana would enter the first stage; the tournament shares its name with the trophy called the Copa Sudamericana or la Sudamericana, awarded to the Copa Sudamericana winner.
La Otra Mitad de La Gloria is a promotional Spanish phrase used in the context of winning or attempting on winning the Copa Sudamericana. It is a term used by Spanish-speaking media; the tournament itself has become regarded among its participants since its inception. In 2004, Cienciano's conquest of the trophy ignited a party across Peru; the Mexican football federation regards Pachuca's victory in 2006 as the most important title won by any Mexican club. Sports Illustrated qualified Arsenal, unlikely contenders for the 2007 edition, as "the underdog that couldn't be stopped". Like the Copa Libertadores, the Copa Sudamericana was sponsored by a group of multinational corporations. Like the premier South American club football tournament forementioned, the competition used a single, main sponsor; the first major sponsor was Nissan Motors, who signed an 8-year contract with CONMEBOL in 2003. However, the competition has had many secondary sponsors. Many of these sponsors have expanded to other nations.
Nike supplies the official match ball. Embratel, a brand of Telmex, is the only telecommunications sponsor of the tournament. Individual clubs may wear jerseys with advertising if such sponsors conflict with those of the Copa Sudamericana; as of May 2017, online entertainment site Bumbet has become a premium sponsor of Copa Sudamericana. Clubs in the Copa Sudamericana receive $400,000 for qualifying for the competition. Afterwards, each club earns $90,000 per home match; that amount is derived from stadium advertising. In addition, CONMEBOL pays $500,000 to the winners. Starting 2019 season, DirecTV and DAZN broadcast the Copa and Recopa Sudamericana coverage until 2022 from the previous broadcaster, Fox Sports and the CONMEBOL Libertadores-Sudamericana broadcast package are separate. RedeTV! will broadcast the tournament. Claudio Morel Rodríguez is the only player to have won three Copa Sudamericana winners' medals; as of
San Martín de Tucumán
Club Atlético San Martín is an Argentine sports club founded in 1909 and based in the city of San Miguel de Tucumán, Tucumán Province. The club is notable for its football team, which plays in the Argentine Primera B Nacional, the second division of the Argentine football league system. Other sports practised at the club are field hockey, martial arts, rugby union, swimming and volleyball. San Martin played every season in the Nacional championship between 1968 and 1985. El Santo has played 3 seasons in the Argentine Primera División, in 1988–89, 1991–92 and in 2008–09; the club's most notable victory was a 6–1 win over Boca Juniors in La Bombonera on November 20, 1988. After playing the 2008–09 season in Argentina's First Division, San Martín was relegated to Primera B Nacional. In 2011, after losing the Promoción, San Martín was relegated again to a lower division, the Torneo Argentino A; as of 7 April 2019Note: Flags indicate national team. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.
Copa Gral. P. Ramírez: 1944 Primera B Nacional: 2007–08 Torneo Argentino B: 2005 Torneo Argentino C: 1: 1988 Federación Tucumana de Fútbol: 1919, 1923, 1940, 1941, 1943, 1944, 1945, 1947, 1949, 1953, 1954, 1955, 1956, 1966, 1967, 1969, 1970, 1971, 1974, 1976 Liga Tucumana de Fútbol: 1980, 1981, 1982, 1984, 1985, 1987, 2004 Copa Competencia: 1921, 1922, 1936, 1940, 1947, 1948, 1964 Copa de Honor: 1922, 1943, 1945, 1946, 1947, 1949, 1950, 1951, 1955, 1965, 1973, 1974 Copa de Preparación: 1975 Official website Unofficial website Santo de la Ciudadela La Banda del General Dale Santo Los Cirujas
Newell's Old Boys
Club Atlético Newell's Old Boys is an Argentine sports club based in Rosario, Santa Fe. The club was founded on 3 November 1903, is named after Isaac Newell, from the English county of Kent, one of the pioneers of Argentine football. A founding member of Liga Rosarina de Football, the club affiliated to the Argentine Football Association in 1939. Since Newell's Old Boys has taken part of tournaments organised by the body; the club has won six Argentine Primera División championships plus three National cups throughout their history. Newell's has been twice Copa Libertadores runner-up; the club's football stadium is the Estadio Marcelo Bielsa, named after the team's former player and manager Marcelo Bielsa. Newell's plays the Rosario derby against Rosario Central, a club with which they have a huge historical rivalry. Newell's is notable for its youth divisions, being one of the clubs with most national titles in AFA's youth tournaments. Players from the club's youths who have represented Argentina at World Cups are Gabriel Batistuta, Éver Banega, Walter Samuel, Américo Gallego, Jorge Valdano, Gabriel Heinze, Roberto Sensini, Mauricio Pochettino and Maxi Rodríguez, among others.
Lionel Messi played in the club's youths, but left at a young age to Barcelona to seek treatment for his growth hormone deficiency, while Diego Maradona played for the first team in 1993. Other sports practised at this club are basketball, field hockey, martial arts, roller skating and volleyball. Club Atlético Newell's Old Boys was established on 3 November 1903. Claudio Newell was one of the founding members. Newell called teachers and alumni of the school to sign the act of foundation of the club; the name chosen paid tribute to Isaac Newell's life. The first president was Víctor Heitz; the name "old boys" is referred to graduates of a school. Therefore, "Newell's Old Boys" would mean something similar. In fact, the players of the first football team were graduates of the school Isaac Newell had established, the Colegio Comercial Anglicano Argentino; the colours of the club were taken from the Colegio Comercial Anglicano Argentino emblem that were red and black inspired in the colours of the English and German flags respectively.
Newell's Old Boys is referred to as "leprosos". The club got its nickname, the lepers, after playing in a charity match for a leprosy clinic in the 1920s. On 30 March 1905, the Liga Rosarina de Football was established, since a proposal of Newell's president Heitz, who invited representatives of Rosario Athletic, Rosario Central and Atlético Argentino for that purpose; the main objective was to organise a championship, so a trophy was donated by the intendant of Rosario, Santiago Pinasco. The trophy was named in his honour. Newell's was the winner of the first edition, finishing unbeaten; the team scored 39 goals, conceding just 4. The historic first Rosarino derby had been held. Newell's won 1–0 with a goal scored by Faustino González; the next year Newell's won its second championship. In 1907, the Liga Rosarina established a second division; the Copa Santiago Pinasco tournament moved to that division and "Copa Nicasio Vila" was created to be played by the first division teams. Newell's won the first edition of this trophy, which they won a total 9 times between 1907 and 1930.
The Copa de Honor Municipalidad de Buenos Aires allowed teams from Buenos Aires and Rosario to take part in the competition. Newell's won the 1911 edition defeating Porteño 3–2 at the final. Other trophy were teams of both cities played together was the Copa Dr. Carlos Ibarguren, won by Newell's in 1921, defeating Huracán by 3–0. In 1939, Newell's asked Argentine Football Association to play the Primera División championship; the AFA accepted the request so Newell's played its first tournament in 1939, along with Rosario Central, added to the competition. Despite playing in the national tournaments, Newell's continued participating in the regional leagues of Rosario, but with youth amateur players. Newell's debuted in the AFA tournaments on March 19, 1939, defeating San Lorenzo by 2–1; the line-up was: Heredia. Newell's Old Boys have won the Primera División championship six times and were the runners-up of the Copa Libertadores de América twice; the 1990–91 championship was contested between the 1990 Apertura and 1991 Clausura champions, which Newell's won in home-and-away matches.
Though the 1990 Apertura was not considered official by itself, it is considered by Newell's supporters to be their "seventh" championship. Newell's won a friendly youth mini-tournament called the Little World Cup in 1988, against River Plate, Juventus, Real Madrid and Manchester United, is, together with Boca Juniors, San Lorenzo and Racing Club one of the few Argentine clubs that made a long and successful tour in Europe, in which they defeated several important teams such as Valencia, Borussia Mönchengladbach, Real Madrid and the Spanish National "A" Team; these are the only major international achievements of the club until now. So far the club has not won an official international championship. Newell's Old Boys is one of a few teams to have had all their players represen
A midfielder is an association football position. Midfielders are positioned on the field between their team's defenders and forwards; some midfielders play a disciplined defensive role, breaking up attacks, are otherwise known as defensive midfielders. Others blur the boundaries, being more mobile and efficient in passing: they are referred to as deep-lying midfielders, play-makers, box-to-box, or holding midfielders; the number of midfielders on a team and their assigned roles depends on the team's formation. Most managers assign at least one midfielder to disrupt the opposing team's attacks, while others may be tasked with creating goals, or have equal responsibilities between attack and defence. Midfielders are the players who travel the greatest distance during a match; because midfielders arguably have the most possession during a game they are among the fittest players on the pitch. Central or centre midfielders are players whose role is divided equally between attack and defence and to dominate the play around the centre of the pitch.
These players will try to pass the ball to the team's attacking midfielders and forwards and may help their team's attacks by making runs into the opposition's penalty area and attempting shots on goal themselves. When the opposing team has the ball, a central midfielder may drop back to protect the goal or move forward and press the opposition ball-carrier to recover the ball. A centre midfielder defending their goal will move in front of their centre-backs in order to block long shots by the opposition and track opposition midfielders making runs towards the goal; the 4–3–3 and 4–5–1 formations each use three central midfielders. The 4−4−2 formation may use two central midfielders, in the 4–2–3–1 formation one of the two deeper midfielders may be a central midfielder; the term box-to-box midfielder refers to central midfielders who are hard-working and who have good all-round abilities, which makes them skilled at both defending and attacking. These players can therefore track back to their own box to make tackles and block shots and run to the opponents' box to try to score.
The change of trends and the deviation from the standard 4–4–2 formation to the 4–2–3–1 formation imposed restrictions on the typical box-to-box midfielders of the 80s, as teams' two midfield roles were now divided into "holders" or "creators". Notable examples of box-to-box midfielders are Bastian Schweinsteiger, Yaya Touré, Radja Nainggolan. Left and right midfielders have a role balanced between attack and defence, similar to that of central midfielders, but they are positioned closer to the touchlines of the pitch, they may be asked to cross the ball into the opponents' penalty area to make scoring chances for their teammates, when defending they may put pressure on opponents who are trying to cross. Common modern formations that include left and right midfielders are the 4−4−2, the 4−4−1−1, the 4–2–3–1 and the 4−5−1 formations. Jonathan Wilson describes the development of the 4−4−2 formation: "…the winger became a wide midfielder, a shuttler, somebody who might be expected to cross a ball but was meant to put in a defensive shift."
Notable examples of wide midfielders are Ryan Giggs. The historic position of wing-half was given to midfielders, it became obsolete as wide players with defensive duties have tended to become more a part of the defence as full-backs. Defensive midfielders are midfield players; these players may defend a zone in front of their team's defence, or man mark specific opposition attackers. Defensive midfielders may move to the full-back or centre-back positions if those players move forward to join in an attack. Sergio Busquets described his attitude: "The coach knows that I am an obedient player who likes to help out and if I have to run to the wing to cover someone's position, great." A good defensive midfielder needs good positional awareness, anticipation of opponent's play, tackling, interceptions and great stamina and strength. A holding or deep-lying midfielder stays close to their team's defence, while other midfielders may move forward to attack; the holding midfielder may have responsibilities when their team has the ball.
This player will make short and simple passes to more attacking members of their team but may try some more difficult passes depending on the team's strategy. Marcelo Bielsa is considered as a pioneer for the use of a holding midfielder in defence; this position may be seen in the 4 -- 2 -- 3 -- 4 -- 4 -- 2 diamond formations. A defensive midfielder, or "destroyer", a playmaker, or "creator", were fielded alongside each other as a team's two holding central midfielders; the destroyer was responsible for making tackles, regaining possession, distributing the ball to the creator, while the creator was responsible for retaining possession and keeping the ball moving with long passes out to the flanks, in the manner of a more old-fashioned deep-lying playmaker or "regista". Early examples of a destroyer are Nobby Stiles, Herbert Wimmer, Marco Tardelli, while examples include Claude Makélélé and Javier Mascherano, although several of these players possessed qualities of other types of midfielders, were therefore not confined to a single role.
Early examples of a creator would be Gérson, Glenn Hoddle, Sunday Oliseh, while more recent examples Xabi Alonso, Michael Carrick. The latest and third type of holding midfielder developed as a box-to-box midfielder, or "carrier", neither destructive nor creative, capable of winning b
Club Atlético Independiente
Club Atlético Independiente is an Argentine professional sports club, which has its headquarters and stadium in the city of Avellaneda in Greater Buenos Aires. The club is best known for its football team, which plays in the Primera División and is considered one of Argentina's Big Five football clubs. Independiente holds a longstanding rivalry with neighbor club Racing in the Avellaneda derby, referred to as El Clásico de Avellaneda. Independiente was founded on 1 January 1905, although the institution had been formed on 4 August 1904 and had played in Argentina's first division. From Monserrat, a historic neighborhood of Buenos Aires, the club moved to Avellaneda in 1907; the football team has won 9 National cups. In international club football competitions, Independiente has won a total of 20 titles, 18 of them being organised by CONMEBOL and other associations. Independiente's achievements include a record of seven Copa Libertadores won, being the only club to win four finals in a row, between 1972 and 1975.
The club has won the Copa Interamericana three times, the Supercopa Sudamericana twice, the Recopa Sudamericana once, the Intercontinental Cup twice, the Copa Sudamericana twice, in 2010 and 2017. The 2018 Suruga Bank Championship was its most recent achievement. Other international titles won by Independiente include two Rioplatense Copa Aldao competitions, organized by Argentine and Uruguayan Associations together. Apart from football, other activities practised at the club are athletics, boxing, field hockey, handball, martial arts, roller skating, scuba diving, tennis, water polo, yoga. Independiente was founded on 4 August 1904. A group of employees from a shoes store located in Buenos Aires city founded a football club called Maipú FC; the young employees were only allowed to watch the games. As a result, at a meeting in a bar located in front of the club, they chose to form a new club; the name chosen was "Independiente" to mark their independence from Maipú FC. Rosendo Degiorgi was appointed interim president.
Degiorgi's family offered the use of a small room in their home to serve as the first club headquarters. It was established the Sunday 1 January 1905 as the official foundation date. Arístides Langone was elected first president of the institution, it was proposed by him to adopt white with details in blue as the club's colors, inspired by team St. Andrew's, the first champions of football in Argentina winners of 1891 season. Independiente played the first game on his history on Sunday 15 January 1905, against Atlanta, in the "bohemios" field, losing 1–0; the next game was played on 22 January 1905 against Maipú Banfield F. C. which ended in a 0–0 draw. The club won the first game in its history with a resounding 11–0 win against Albion on 7 May 1905. Independiente got affiliated to The Argentine Football Association, was allowed to play in the second and third divisions; the first "Avellaneda derby" was played on 9 June 1907. Independiente beat Racing 3–2; that same year Independiente moved from Buenos Aires to its new field located in Avellaneda city, built in Manuel Ocantos street.
On 10 May 1908, the team played for the first time wearing the red jersey, in a match against Banfield that Independiente won 9–2. The adoption of the red color is subject to controversy. In 1909, the Independiente F. C. won its first trophy. Goalkeeper José Buruca Laforia was one of the first star players on Independiente. Independiente became an Argentine top division team in 1912, taking part in 1912 FAF Primera Division. Since there were a conflict between some clubs, the football league was dividided into two leagues with their own separate federation, only a few teams remained in FAF, so the federation invited Independiente, among other teams. With politician and club president Juan Mignaburu as head coach, the team finished in first place along with CA Porteño at 20 points. Goal difference wasn't used and the teams had to play a playoff match, with Porteño winning the championship as a result of Independiente abandoning the match in protest at a disallowed goal by referee. League's top scorer was Independiente striker Enrique Colla, with 12 goals.
At the 1910s, the Avellaneda derby between Independiente and Racing Club de Avellaneda was the most popular confrontation, ahead of the "Superclásico" between River Plate and Boca Juniors. Although being one of the most popular teams, Independiente did not win any league on that decade, they instead won some domestic first division trophies. With the obtention of cup titles, Independiente qualified for the first time to rioplatense competitions, both resulting in defeat. In early the 1920s Independiente won its first league title, the 1922 AAmF Primera División whereas football in Argentina was still split in two separated leagues. Next league title was the 1926 AAmF Primera División season. Both championships featured Manuel Seoane as top sc