Music of Calabria
The music of Calabria is part of the Italian musical tradition. Like other regions in southern Italy, Calabria for many centuries was an integral part of the kingdom of Naples, and, as with other regions, the musical life tended to be overshadowed by the important activities in the capital city to the north—the conservatories there, the composers, the vast amount of music performed in churches. Yet, modern Calabria has developed a vibrant musical life based on its history and, as well, a dedication to building new musical and theatrical facilities, many of which are of the type termed polivalenti in Italian—that is, multi-purpose; the rural Calabrian folk tradition is most associated with the zampogna, the Italian bagpipe, found across Italy but is an important part of the Calabrian tradition. Calabria is home to at least five different kinds of zampogna; this tradition has been recorded and adapted by the group Re Niliu. There is an ancient Lira tradition and tambourine; the most famous love songs are: Calabrisella Cioparedda Riturnella La Nicastrisaand the most famous songs for tarantella: Volia mi maritu Lu tirannu mbelenatu Damme lu core Chi jati sonandu Catanzaro's Teatro Politeama is a new version of an older theater.
It is run by the Catanzaro Foundation for the Politeama Theater and is solidly dedicated to continuing a great operatic tradition. They have staged Franco Zeffirelli's version of Aida as well as productions of Rigoletto. There is the Teatro Masciari, once famous as a vaudeville house; the Teatro Rendano, in Cosenza, is the only traditional theater in Calabria. It was built in 1909 damaged by the aerial bombardments of World War II, closed and reopened, it has a reputation for fine acoustics and being a beautiful venue for performers and audiences alike. Two associations are connected with the active performance schedule: the Associazione Quintieri and Associazone Jonica; the city is the site of the Stanislao Giocamantonio music conservatory, housed on the premises of the old Santa Maria delle Grazie convent. Given to emphasizing its Greek history, Crotone takes advantage of some impressive archaeology as venues for music. Best-known is the Aurora Festival on the grounds of the Temple of Hera Lacinia, which featured a festival dedicated to the music of Greek composer Mikis Theodorakis.
The Teatro Comunale Cilea of Reggio di Calabria was built in 1818 and was one of the great royal opera houses in the Kingdom of Naples. It was damaged by the 1908 Messina earthquake and again by bombing in World War II, it pursues an active operatic schedule. The city is the site of the Francesco Cilea music conservatory, named for the "favorite son" composer; the Fausto Torrefranca music conservatory is located in Vibo Valentia. The Solisti Calabri is an active chamber music ensemble, the Cilea Association sponsors regular concerts. Calabrian Tarantella Gatto, Danilo. Suonare la tradizione: Manuale di musica popolare calabrese. Rubbettino. ISBN 978-88-498-1916-8. Surian, Alessio. "Tenores and Tarantellas". 2000. In Broughton and Ellingham, Mark with McConnachie and Duane, World Music, Vol. 1: Africa and the Middle East, pp. 189 – 201 Guide Cultura, i luoghi della music, ed. Touring Club Italiano. Cosenza music conservatory Rendano Theater, Cosenza Reggio Calabria music conservatory Aurora festival, Crotone Vibo Valentia music conservatory Concerts today in Calabria
Sapienza University of Rome
The Sapienza University of Rome called Sapienza or the University of Rome, is a collegiate research university located in Rome, Italy. Formally known as Università degli Studi di Roma "La Sapienza", it is one of the largest European universities by enrollments and one of the oldest in history, founded in 1303; the University is one of the most prestigious Italian universities ranking first in national rankings and in Southern Europe. Most of the Italian ruling class studied at Sapienza. Sapienza educated numerous notable alumni, including many Nobel laureates, Presidents of the European Parliament and European Commissioners, heads of several nations, notable religious figures and astronauts.. In September 2018, it was included in the top 100 of the QS World University Rankings Graduate Employability Ranking. Sapienza University of Rome was founded in 1303 with the Papal bull In Supremae praeminentia Dignitatis, issued on 20 April 1303 by Pope Boniface VIII, as a Studium for ecclesiastical studies more under his control than the universities of Bologna and Padua, making it the first pontifical university.
In 1431 Pope Eugene IV reorganized the studium with the bull In supremae, in which he granted masters and students alike the broadest possible privileges and decreed that the university should include the four schools of Law, Medicine and Theology. He introduced a new tax on wine. However, the University's days of splendour came to an end during the sack of Rome in 1527, when the studium was closed and the professors dispersed, some were killed. Pope Paul III restored the university shortly after his ascension to the pontificate in 1534. In the 1650s the university became meaning wisdom, a title it retains. In 1703, Pope Clement XI purchased some land with his private funds on the Janiculum, where he made a botanical garden, which soon became the most celebrated in Europe through the labours of the Trionfetti brothers; the first complete history of the Sapienza University was written in 1803-1806 by Filippo Maria Renazzi. University students were newly animated during the 19th-century Italian revival.
In 1870, La Sapienza stopped being the papal university and became the university of the capital of Italy. In 1935 the new university campus, planned by Marcello Piacentini, was completed. Sapienza University has many campuses in Rome but its main campus is the Città Universitaria, which covers 44 ha near the Roma Tiburtina Station; the university has satellite campuses outside Rome, the main of, in Latina. In 2011 a project was launched to build a campus with residence halls near Pietralata station, in collaboration with the Lazio region. In order to cope with the ever-increasing number of applicants, the Rector approved a new plan to expand the Città Universitaria, reallocate offices and enlarge faculties, as well as create new campuses for hosting local and foreign students; the Alessandrina University Library, built in 1667 by Pope Alexander VII, is the main library housing 1.5 million volumes. Orto Botanico dell'Università di Roma "La Sapienza", a botanical garden Sant'Ivo alla Sapienza San Pietro in Vincoli: the cloister is part of the Engineering School Villa Mirafiori: a Neo-Renaissance palace built during the 19th century, some rooms are decorated with fine frescoes.
The Department of Philosophy is located in this building. Since the 2011 reform, Sapienza University of Rome has 65 departments. Today Sapienza, with 140,000 students and 8,000 among academic and technical and administrative staff, is the largest university in Italy; the university has significant research programmes in the fields of engineering, natural sciences, biomedical sciences and humanities. It offers 10 Masters Programmes taught in English; as of the 2016 Academic Ranking of World Universities, Sapienza is positioned within the 151-200 group of universities and among the top 3% of universities in the world. In 2018, the subject Classics and Ancient history of Sapienza is ranked the 1st in the world by QS World University Rankings by subject; as the same ranking, the subject Archaeology ranks the 9th. In 2016, the Center for World University Rankings ranked the Sapienza University of Rome as the 90th in the world and the top in Italy in its World University Rankings. In order to cope with the large demand for admission to the university courses, some faculties hold a series of entrance examinations.
The entrance test decides which candidates will have access to the undergraduate course. For some faculties, the entrance test is only a mean through which the administration acknowledges the students' level of preparation. Students that do not pass the test can still enroll in their chosen degree courses but have to pass an additional exam during their first year. On 15 January 2008 the Vatican cancelled a planned visit to La Sapienza University by Pope Benedict XVI, to speak at the university ceremony launching the 2008 academic year due to protests by some students and professors; the title of the speech would have been'The Truth Makes Us Good and Goodness is Truth'. Some students and professors protested in reaction to a 1990 speech that Pope Benedict XVI gave in which he, in their opinion, endorsed the actions of the church against Galileo in 1633. Among the prominent scholars who have taught at the Sapienza University of Rome are architects Ernesto Basile and Bruno Zevi.
Reggio di Calabria known as Reggio Calabria or Reggio in Southern Italy, is the largest city and the most populated comune of Calabria, Southern Italy. It is the capital of the Metropolitan City of Reggio Calabria and the seat of the Regional Council of Calabria. Reggio is located on the "toe" of the Italian Peninsula and is separated from the island of Sicily by the Strait of Messina, it is situated on the slopes of the Aspromonte, a long, craggy mountain range that runs up through the centre of the region. The third economic centre of mainland Southern Italy, the city proper has a population of more than 200,000 inhabitants spread over 236 square kilometres, while the fast-growing urban area numbers 260,000 inhabitants. About 560,000 people live in the metropolitan area, recognised in 2015 by Italian Republic as a metropolitan city; as a major functional pole in the region, it has strong historical and economic ties with the city of Messina, which lies across the strait in Sicily, forming a metro city of less than 1 million people.
Reggio is the oldest city in the region, despite its ancient foundation – Ρηγιον was an important and flourishing colony of Magna Graecia – it has a modern urban system, set up after the catastrophic earthquake on 28 December 1908, which destroyed most of the city. The region has been subject to earthquakes, it is a major economic centre for regional services and transport on the southern shores of the Mediterranean. Reggio, with Naples and Taranto, is home to one of the most important archaeological museums, the prestigious National Archaeological Museum of Magna Græcia, dedicated to Ancient Greece. Reggio is the seat, since 1907, of the Archeological Superintendence of Lucania; the city centre, consisting of Liberty buildings, has a linear development along the coast with parallel streets, the promenade is dotted with rare magnolias and exotic palms. Reggio has used popular nicknames: The "city of Bronzes", after the Bronzes of Riace that are testimonials of its Greek origins. During its 3,500-year history Reggio has been renamed.
Each name corresponds with the city's major historical phases: Recion, name appeared on the most ancient coins retrieved in Reggio. Erythrà, the pre-Greek settlement populated by the Italic people. Rhégion, the Greek city from the archaic age to the Magna Grecia age, from the 8th to the 3rd centuries BC. Febèa, a short period under Dionysius II of Syracuse, in the 4th century BC. Regium, its first Latin name, during the 3rd and 2nd centuries BC became Rhegium. Rhègium Julium, as a noble Roman city during the Imperial age. Rivàh, Arabic name under the short domination by Emirate of Sicily, between 10th and 11th centuries. Rìsa, under the Normans, between the 11th and 12th centuries. Regols, Catalan name under the Crown of Aragon, in the late 13th century. Reggio or Regio, usual Italian name in the Middle and Modern age. Règgio di Calàbria, post Italian Unification; the toponym of the city is derived from Chaldean word Rec or maybe from the Greek one régnȳmi referring to the straits between Calabria and Sicily as a break in the land.
From the late 3rd millennium BC onwards until the 8th century BC the city was inhabited by peoples such as the Osci, Trojans and Achæans by Oenotrians, Ausones, Taureanes, Sicels and Itali. The land around Reggio was first known as Saturnia, or Neptunia, Italia, which in Roman times became the name of the whole Italian peninsula. In those days however, it corresponded only to present-day, southern Calabria, which came to be known as Bruttium, while the name Italia, in fact, was first used only for the area of Reggio itself. After Cumae, Reggio is one of the oldest Greek colonies in southern Italy; the colony was settled by the inhabitants of Chalcis in 730 or 743 BC on the site of the older settlement, Erythrà, meaning "the Red one". This dated back to the 3rd millennium BC and was established by the Ausones; the last Ausonian ruler was king Italós, from. King Iokastos is buried on the Punta Calamizzi promontory, called "Pallantiòn", where Greek settlers arrived; the colony retained the earlier name of "Rhégion".
Under Greek rule, Reggio became an ally of Athens. Rhégion was governed by the Messenians, from 737 to 461 BC. Reggio was one of the most important cities in Greater Greece, reaching great economic and political power during the 5th and 6th centuries BC under the Anaxilas government. Anaxilas allowed Reggio to rule over all the Messina Strait, including Zancle. Rhegion allied with Athens during the Peloponnesian War until 387 BC when the city was taken by the Syracusans. Throughout classic
Italy the Italian Republic, is a country in Southern Europe. Located in the middle of the Mediterranean Sea, Italy shares open land borders with France, Austria and the enclaved microstates San Marino and Vatican City. Italy covers an area of 301,340 km2 and has a temperate seasonal and Mediterranean climate. With around 61 million inhabitants, it is the fourth-most populous EU member state and the most populous country in Southern Europe. Due to its central geographic location in Southern Europe and the Mediterranean, Italy has been home to a myriad of peoples and cultures. In addition to the various ancient peoples dispersed throughout modern-day Italy, the most famous of which being the Indo-European Italics who gave the peninsula its name, beginning from the classical era and Carthaginians founded colonies in insular Italy and Genoa, Greeks established settlements in the so-called Magna Graecia, while Etruscans and Celts inhabited central and northern Italy respectively; the Italic tribe known as the Latins formed the Roman Kingdom in the 8th century BC, which became a republic with a government of the Senate and the People.
The Roman Republic conquered and assimilated its neighbours on the peninsula, in some cases through the establishment of federations, the Republic expanded and conquered parts of Europe, North Africa and the Middle East. By the first century BC, the Roman Empire emerged as the dominant power in the Mediterranean Basin and became the leading cultural and religious centre of Western civilisation, inaugurating the Pax Romana, a period of more than 200 years during which Italy's technology, economy and literature flourished. Italy remained the metropole of the Roman Empire; the legacy of the Roman Empire endured its fall and can be observed in the global distribution of culture, governments and the Latin script. During the Early Middle Ages, Italy endured sociopolitical collapse and barbarian invasions, but by the 11th century, numerous rival city-states and maritime republics in the northern and central regions of Italy, rose to great prosperity through shipping and banking, laying the groundwork for modern capitalism.
These independent statelets served as Europe's main trading hubs with Asia and the Near East enjoying a greater degree of democracy than the larger feudal monarchies that were consolidating throughout Europe. The Renaissance began in Italy and spread to the rest of Europe, bringing a renewed interest in humanism, science and art. Italian culture flourished, producing famous scholars and polymaths such as Michelangelo, Leonardo da Vinci, Raphael and Machiavelli. During the Middle Ages, Italian explorers such as Marco Polo, Christopher Columbus, Amerigo Vespucci, John Cabot and Giovanni da Verrazzano discovered new routes to the Far East and the New World, helping to usher in the European Age of Discovery. Italy's commercial and political power waned with the opening of trade routes that bypassed the Mediterranean. Centuries of infighting between the Italian city-states, such as the Italian Wars of the 15th and 16th centuries, left the region fragmented, it was subsequently conquered and further divided by European powers such as France and Austria.
By the mid-19th century, rising Italian nationalism and calls for independence from foreign control led to a period of revolutionary political upheaval. After centuries of foreign domination and political division, Italy was entirely unified in 1871, establishing the Kingdom of Italy as a great power. From the late 19th century to the early 20th century, Italy industrialised, namely in the north, acquired a colonial empire, while the south remained impoverished and excluded from industrialisation, fuelling a large and influential diaspora. Despite being one of the main victors in World War I, Italy entered a period of economic crisis and social turmoil, leading to the rise of a fascist dictatorship in 1922. Participation in World War II on the Axis side ended in military defeat, economic destruction and the Italian Civil War. Following the liberation of Italy and the rise of the resistance, the country abolished the monarchy, reinstated democracy, enjoyed a prolonged economic boom and, despite periods of sociopolitical turmoil became a developed country.
Today, Italy is considered to be one of the world's most culturally and economically advanced countries, with the sixth-largest worldwide national wealth. Its advanced economy ranks eighth-largest in the world and third in the Eurozone by nominal GDP. Italy owns the third-largest central bank gold reserve, it has a high level of human development, it stands among the top countries for life expectancy. The country plays a prominent role in regional and global economic, military and diplomatic affairs. Italy is a founding and leading member of the European Union and a member of numerous international institutions, including the UN, NATO, the OECD, the OSCE, the WTO, the G7, the G20, the Union for the Mediterranean, the Council of Europe, Uniting for Consensus, the Schengen Area and many more; as a reflection
MTV Italian Music Awards
The MTV Awards were established in 2006 by MTV Italy to celebrate the most popular artists and music videos in Italy. Beginning as an annual event to celebrate the most request videos and artists on Total Request Live, from 2013 the MTV Awards are celebration of what MTV Italian viewers consider the best in music and fashion. From 2006 to 2010 the show changed its host city every year, from 2011-2016 was set in Florence before moving to Rome in 2017; the awards are broadcast live on MTV Italy, as well as online. First Lady: Avril Lavigne Man of the Year: Lee Ryan Best Group: t. A. T.u. Best New Artist: Hilary Duff Best Number #1: Lee Ryan - Army of Lovers Best "Verrei ma non posso": Cast O. C. Best Cry Award: Jesse McCartney Best Riempi-Piazza: Gemelli DiVersi Best TRL City: Milano Best Funny Moment: Bloodhound Gang Italians Do It Better: Negramaro Miglior Cartellone: Most artistic First Lady: Hilary Duff Man of the Year: Tiziano Ferro Best Band: My Chemical Romance Best New Artist: Thirty Seconds to Mars Best Number #1: Finley "Diventerai una star" Best Cry Award: Finley Best Riempi-Piazza: Tiziano Ferro Italians Do It Better: Finley Best Movie: Notte prima degli esami - Oggi Best Live Moment: Zero Assoluto Best TRL History: Nek Despite the other editions of the TRL Awards that were hosted in Milan, for this year the show was broadcast from Naples.
First Lady: Avril Lavigne Man of the Year: Tiziano Ferro Best Band: Tokio Hotel Best Cartello: Matteo, Francesca & Lorenzo - Florence Thirty Seconds to Mars Best New Artist: Sonohra Best Riempi-Piazza: Finley Best Movie: Come tu mi vuoi Best Blockbuster's Couple: Michelle Hunziker and Fabio De Luigi Best TRL History: Max Pezzali Best Number One: Tokio Hotel - Monsoon This year the show was broadcast from Trieste. First Lady: Hilary Duff Man Of The Year: Marco Carta Best Band: Lost Best Riempi-Piazza: Sonohra Best Cartello: Jonas Brothers Italians Do It Better: Gemelli Diversi Best Movie: Twilight Best Number One Of The Year: Marco Carta - La Forza Mia Best TRL History: Cesare Cremonini Best New Artist Presented By MTV Pulse: dARI Best Event In Milan: Jonas Brothers Playlist Generation: #1 Thirty Seconds to Mars - A Beautiful Lie For the fifth edition, the show was broadcast from Genoa. Best New Generation: Broken Heart College Best International Act: Justin Bieber Best Look: dARI Best Movie: Avatar Best Fan Club: Lost My TRL Best Video: Valerio Scanu - Per tutte le volte che...
Best TRL History: J Ax MTV First Lady: Malika Ayane MTV Man of the Year: Marco Mengoni MTV Best Band: Muse In 2011 the show was broadcast from Florence. Best Look: Avril Lavigne Best MTV Show: I soliti idioti Best New act: Modà Hot&sexy Award: Robert Pattinson Too Much Award: Ligabue Wonder Woman Award: Lady Gaga Superman Award: Fabri Fibra Best Band: Thirty Seconds to Mars Best Talent Show Artist: Marco Carta Italians do it Better: Modà TRL History Award: Zero Assoluto First Lady Award: Nina Zilli For the second time, the show was broadcast from Florence. Best Look: Justin Bieber Best MTV Show: I soliti idioti Best New Generation: Emis Killa Best New Artist: Danna Paola Wonder Woman Award: Laura Pausini Superman Award: Marco Mengoni Best Band: Modà Italians do it better: Emma Marrone Best Fans: Big Bang Best Tormentone: Michel Teló - Ai se eu te pego! Best Video: LMFAO featuring Lauren Bennett and GoonRock - Party Rock Anthem MTV History Award: Subsonica For the third time, the show was broadcast from Florence.
Air Action Vigorsol Super Man: Marco Mengoni Mirabilandia Best MTV Show: Ginnaste - vite parallele Best Tweet: Justin Bieber Wonder Woman: Emma Best Band: One Direction Instavip: Fedez LG Twitstar: Emis Killa Most Clicked Video: Call Me Maybe Lip Dub Sport Hero: Carlotta Ferlito Best Fan: One Direction – Directioners Best Video: Danna Paola – Aguita Best Hashtag: #italialovesemilia Pepsi Best New Artist: Baby K Best Energic Video: will.i.am featuring Justin Bieber - #thatPOWER Best Female Artist from Latin America: Danna Paola Best Movie: The Twilight Saga: Breaking Dawn – Part 2 MTV Rock Icon: Gianna Nannini Artist Saga: Marco Mengoni For the fourth time in a row, the show was broadcast from Florence. Superman: Emis Killa Best MTV Show: Il Testimone Twitstar: Marco Mengoni Wonder Woman: Alessandra Amoroso Best Band: One Direction Vogue Eyewear Best Look: Danna Paola Diadora Best Dance Crew: Break Da Beat Sport Hero: Carlotta Ferlito Crodino Twist Best New Generation: Diodato Sammontana Best Fan: Marco Mengoni Best New Artist: Rocco Hunt Best Performance: Michele Bravi Best Video: Pharrell Williams - "Happy" Best Movie: The Hunger Games: Catching Fire Best Artist from the World: Super Junior MTV History Award: Giorgia Artist Saga: Marco Mengoni For the fifth time in a row, the show was broadcast from Florence.
TIM Best New Generation: Santa Margaret Best Movie: The Fault in Our Stars Top Instagram Star: Justin Bieber Best Tormentone: Ellie Goulding "Love Me Like You Do" Best Twitstar: Demi Lovato MTV Awards Star: Lady Gaga Best Artist From The World: Tokio Hotel Superman: Marco Mengoni Best New Artist: Lorenzo Fragola Artist Saga: Marco Mengoni Wonder Woman: Alessandra Amoroso Pick Up! Best MTV Show: Mario una serie di Maccio Capatonda Italian Icon J-Ax S'AGAPÕ Best Look: Rihanna Best Fan: Avril Lavigne Best Band: Dear Jack Best Video: Tiziano Ferro "Senza scappare mai più" Fanta WebStar: iPantellas For the sixth time in a row, the show was broadcast from Florence. TIM Best New Generation: Benji & Fede Best Movie: The Hunger Games: Mockingjay – Part 2 Webstar: Alberico De Giglio Best Tormentone: Justin Bieber "Sorry" Air Vigorsol Best Fresh Video: Justin Bieber "What Do You Mean? MTV Awards Star: Avril Lavigne Best Artist From The World: Big Bang Best New Artist: Benji & Fede Best Italian Male: Marco Mengoni Best Italian Female: Emma Best Internation
D'Annunzio University of Chieti–Pescara
D'Annunzio University is a public research university located in Chieti and Pescara, neighbouring cities in the region of Abruzzo, Italy. Established in 1960 as a higher education institute and named after writer and poet Gabriele D'Annunzio, it was recognised as an independent university in 1965 by Minister Luigi Gui; the university is formed from a variety of institutions which include thirteen academic departments organised into two schools. It provides undergraduate and post-graduate education, in addition to a range of international programs in multiple fields of study. Research is a component of each academic division, receiving funds for its scientific investigation from national and international institutions. D'Annunzio University's main campus in Chieti features an eclectic mix of buildings encompassing 48.9 acres. A satellite campus is located in Pescara, while a distance learning centre is situated in Torrevecchia Teatina. D'Annunzio University was ranked as the 25th best national university in Italy by SCImago Institutions Rankings, was included in the 2018 U.
S. News & World Report of the world's best universities. In 1955, the municipal and provincial administrations of Chieti and Pescara, neighbouring cities in the region of Abruzzo in Central Italy, met to discuss about the foundation of a consortium in order to establish a non-state-owned university in the medieval town of Chieti, their proposal, pursued by engineer Filippo de Apulia, was submitted to the Ministry of Public Education of Italy on 28 November 1955. The creation of the University Consortium of Abruzzi was approved in 1960 by the Prefect of Chieti, following the participation of the Chambers of Commerce and the Board of the Banks of the town, in association with over sixty municipalities from the region. In 1961, the faculty of letters and philosophy was inaugurated at the National Archaeology Museum of Abruzzo by the technical organising committee, chaired by Professor Ettore Paratore, it preceded the inauguration ceremony of the free university courses that took place on 12 November 1961.
The following month and economics courses were introduced with an adjoining foreign languages and literatures course, following an opening ceremony held at the Marble Hall of the Province of Pescara, in the presence of Professor Carlo Izzo. In January 1963, an official request for the establishment of the Free University of Abruzzi was proposed by the organising committee, prompting the institutions of Chieti and Teramo to debate the unification of the three university consortia into a single interprovincial consortium. On 3 March 1965, Minister of Public Education Luigi Gui signed the decree of recognition of the Gabriele D'Annunzio Free University of Abruzzo, named after the Italian writer and poet from Pescara; the registered administrative offices of the university and the rectorate were established in Chieti, along with the faculty of letters and philosophy. Professor Renato Balzarini was elected as the first Rector of the university and chaired the first meeting of the board of trustees, composed of fourteen members.
The opening ceremony of the first academic year took place in Pescara on 19 March 1966, in the presence of the Minister Luigi Gui. During the following years, the university saw the inauguration of the faculty of medicine and surgery in Chieti, the institution of the faculties of architecture in Pescara and political sciences in Teramo. In addition, the course of foreign languages and literatures was established, after it separated from the faculty of commerce and economics. In December 1979, Professor Aldo Bernardini was elected Rector. In April 1982, D'Annunzio Free University became state-supported, following the approval of the Senate of the Republic of Italy, it preceded the opening of the faculties of pharmacy, veterinary medicine, natural sciences, which were placed in three provinces of the region. The seal of the university was inspired by a sculpture of Pietro Cascella located in the campuses of Chieti and Pescara. In June 1985, Professor Uberto Crescenti was elected Rector. In the following years, D'Annunzio University saw increased emphasis on research, reorganization of administrative structure and construction of new facilities, leading to the establishment of the Museum of Biomedical Sciences and the opening of a research and training hospital.
On 20 February 1988, Minister Giovanni Galloni inaugurated the Viale Pindaro campus in Pescara. The faculties based in Teramo separated from D'Annunzio University in 1993, establishing the University of Teramo; the Institute of Hospitalisation and Treatment for Scientific Purposes was launched at D'Annunzio University by Minister of Health Rosy Bindi in early 2000. The Continuing Education Centre was founded as a permanent training centre in the town of Torrevecchia Teatina, while the Teacher Training School opened in Chieti; the Centre for Research in Aging, supported by the Ministry of Universities and Research, gained national relevance as the first Italian centre dedicated to research into healthy aging and age-related diseases. In 2002, the university opened four new faculties, with a consequent increase in student numbers that led to the creation of a second teaching centre at the Madonna delle Piane campus in Chieti; the following year saw the birth of the D'Annunzio University Foundation and the official
Music of Tuscany
Beyond Florence, there are nine other provinces in the region of Tuscany, named for the largest city in, capital of, the respective province. Taken together, they offer an intense musical life. By province: Arezzo: the city is indelibly connected with the name of Guido d'Arezzo, the 11th-century monk who invented modern musical notation and the do-re-mi system of naming notes of the scale; the modern city of Arezzo has two prominent theaters: the Teatro Petrarca, built in 1833 and today the host theater for the Concerts of Arretium series of both classical and jazz music, the Teatro dei Ricomposti, from 1790. The town of Bibbiena has the Teatro Dovizi, which hosts and annual opera festival entitled Operaperta. Grosseto: the province hosts, the Santa Fiora in Musica festival; the Musica nel Chiostro Batignano Opera Festival ran here from 1974 to 2004. Grosseto is the area that lays claim to the origins of the famous May harvest rituals that are speculated to be at the origins of staged drama that developed into opera.
The town has two theaters: the Teatro Moderno. Livorno: the city has the Pietro Mascagni Musical Institute, named for its "favorite son" and composer of Cavalleria Rusticana, one of the landmarks of Italian musical Realism; the province incorporates the island of Elba, site of the short-lived first exile of Napoleon and today a venue for music on the premises of the Teatro dell'Accademia, built at the behest of the emperor, himself. The city hosts a museum dedicated to the life and work of Mascagni. Lucca: the province is the birthplace of the greatest exponent of Italian lyric Romanticism, Giacomo Puccini. Luca is awash in music and memorabilia that recall the composer, including the annual Puccini Festival, his home at Torre del Lago is a museum and magnet for musical pilgrims from around the world. The city of Lucca has the Teatro dei Gigli and—as if one favorite son were not enough—the Luigi Boccherini Musical Institute. Massa-Carrara: the town of Massa has the Teatro Guglielmi and nearby Massa—as the name might indicate—has a theater, the Teatro degli Animosi, built in 1840 with the enormous amounts of money made from the world-famous Carrara marble quarries.
The facade of the theater is all Carrara marble. Pisa: the city of Pisa hosts the Teatro Verdi, home of the impressive Vincenzo Galileo Choir, named for the great musician of the Florentine Camerata and, father of the astronomer Galileo. In the town of Volterra, there is the Teatro Persio Flacco, site of the annual Volterrana Musical Spring series of classical music concerts. Pistoia: the site, in the town of Montecatini Terme, of the Imperial Theater; the town has been short-and long-term home to a number of composers: Rossini, Richard Strauss, Enrico Caruso and Giuseppe Verdi. The Art Academy Museum is a repository of memorabilia of these composers. Prato: the city is one of the important centers for organ construction in Italy. There are two prominent theatres in Prato: the Teatro Metastasio and the Politeama Pratese, home of the founded Camerata Strumentale Città di Prato, a youth orchestra. Siena: the city is well known for the Accademia Musicale Chigiana, an organization that sponsors major musical activities such as the Siena Music Week and the Alfredo Casella International Composition Competition.
Prominent theaters include the the Teatro dei Rozzi. There is the annual Siena Jazz Festival. Guide Cultura, i luoghi della musica ed. Touring Club Italiano. Concerts today in Tuscany Boccherini Music Institute Puccini Festival Mascagni Musical Institute Siena Jazz Festival Accademia Musicale Chigiana