Assevent is a commune in the Nord department in northern France. Communes of the Nord department INSEE commune file
Dimechaux is a commune in the Nord department in northern France. Communes of the Nord department INSEE commune file
Armentières is a commune in the Nord department in the Hauts-de-France region in northern France. It is part of the Urban Community of Lille Métropole; the motto of the town is Pauvre mais fière. Armentières lies on the Belgian border, northwest of the city of Lille, on the right bank of the river Lys. In 1668, the town became along with most of the rest of French Flanders. At the end of the 19th century and the beginning of the 20th, Armentières acquired fame, being the “City of Fabric”. Industrial weaving and brewing grew in Armentières, benefitting from the presence of water. Armentières suffered at the time of the World Wars. However, the town did receive the Legion d'Honneur. In Armentières and surrounding areas, the military cemeteries are places of remembrance for the casualties of the World Wars. "Mademoiselle from Armentières" was a popular song among Allied soldiers in World War I. During World War I, in October 1914 the town was the site of the Battle of Armentières. In April 1918, German forces shelled Armentières with mustard gas.
British troops were forced to evacuate the area but German troops could not enter the commune for two weeks because of the heavy contamination. Witnesses to the bombardment stated that the shelling was so heavy that liquid mustard ran in the streets. Armentières has a railway station on the line from Lille to Dunkirk. Armentières is twinned with: Osterode am Harz, Germany Stalybridge, United Kingdom Litoměřice, Czech Republic Dany Boon, French actor and stand-up comedian Jean Maurice Fiey, Church historian and Syriacist Amédée Fournier, French road bicycle racer and Olympic medallist Milady de Winter in The Three Musketeers hides in Armentières and is caught and executed there. Communes of the Nord department INSEE commune file Armentières official website The reconstruction of the town hall of Armentières after WW1 on the website "Remembrance Trails of the Great War in Northern France"
Aniche is a commune in the Nord department in the Hauts-de-France region of northern France. The commune, located in the Nord-Pas-de-Calais mining area, long lived on the mining of coal with fourteen pits on its territory. Eleven pits were owned by the Aniche Mining Company and three by the Compagnie des mines d'Azincourt; the inhabitants of the commune are known as Anichoises. In the early 12th century, Marchiennes Abbey owned the altar and tithes, owned by Anselm le Barbu, Count of Ostrevant, his successors On 27 April 1181, Count of Flanders and Vermandois, was at the Saint-Martin of Aniche basilica in the presence of the relics of the Virgin Eusebia, he regulated the rights of the Abbey on tithing. In 1209, Bauduin of Obrechicourt, waived his rights for tithes from Aniche. In 1219, sire of Aniche, made an award in favour of the Abbey for land that he contested with Jean le Mirail d'Aniche. In 1340, during the Hundred Years War, the people of Douai, France's allies, burned the village, considered pro-British.
Aniche and Auberchicourt long had the same lords. The Gouache painting was painted in 1603 and appears in the Albums de Croÿ, it is part of a wide range of topographical paintings made at the request of the Duke of Croy: an oval with a bird's-eye view of the landscape is framed in the four corners by four naked male figures with those at the top facing and the lower ones facing to the rear. The oval medallion contains a cartouche with the name of the village over a representation of the landscape seen from the south in late summer. In the foreground A road on the left with two figures; this road would be the way from Bouchain to Douai. In the centre bottom a shepherd on a hill with four sheep with a further ten sheep between the path and the plowed field. In the background The village houses grouped around the church on the edge of the plowed field. Note that the artist has featured hooks on the church roof which trapped snow and allowed the hanging of ladders for maintenance of the slates. Two turrets are visible on the side of the church with spires covered with slate.
Seven buildings to the left of the church, eleven to the right all with 2 sided roofs. The church dominates the centre of the medallion with the bell tower on the left with a spire and four Fléchons covered with slate and louvred, the choir on the right with four high bays whose roof is lower than the nave; the nave seems be made of four bays without an aisle. The choir appears to be of Roman style and lower and unusually elongated; this church differs from the present church, rebuilt from 1857 to 1859 and the tower rebuilt in 1872. Another impressive building is located on the right. In the far background A dominant hill on the right. In 1616, Peter Paul Rubens came to Cambrai from his Rubenshuis in Antwerp and, in passing Lille, stopped at Aniche and left three paintings including The Entombment and two smaller ones: a Saint Francis and a Saint Clare. For The Entombment, Rubens painted the Christ naked. According to Eugéne-Bouly de Lesdain it is no longer intact: "A foreign hand cast a veil of decency on the painting which he felt obliged to impose".
An alien hand that may be attributed to Anonymous of Antwerp. The Entombment by Rubens is always visible in the Church of Saint-Gery of Cambrai. Under Charles V Aniche became a possession of the King of Spain until the Treaty of Nijmegen in 1678 when the Chatellenie of Bouchain returned to Louis XIV, King of France. In 1686, Eugène de Sainte-Adelgonde, Baron of Bours and Rieulay held the right of high justice in the land of Aniche under letters patent of engagement. In 1778, on the night of 11 to 12 September, the discovery of coal in the Sainte Catherine pit caused the expansion and transformation of village society; the Marquis de Traisnel Company and Claude-Constant Juvénal d'Harville des Ursins the owner of the manor, became the Aniche Mining Company - the second largest coal company in France after the Anzin Mining Company. On the morning of 7 February 1827 at the Saint Hyacinthe pit, fire broke out in an access passage for the workers to descend into the pit. Thick smoke spread inside the mine and asphyxiated 46 workers employed in the coal extraction tunnels.
Seven young men and two fathers were found dead. 50°20′4.71″N 3°14′43.47″E Location of the Saint Hyacinthe pit After the creation of the first glassworks in 1823, Aniche became, from the middle of the 19th century, the French capital of the window glass industry and went from 4,000 to 7,500 inhabitants in 1900. The Antoine Lumière & son plates and photographic papers Company were supplied by the Glassworks of the Station, better known under the name "Belotte Glass". On 28 November 1900, 21 workers were killed by the explosion of 148 kg of dynamite in the Fenelon pit owned by the Aniche Mining Company; the First World War caused a sharp slowdown in industrial activity and led to the destruction by the occupying power of the majority of installations before their departure in October 1918. The occupation lasted 49 months from September 1914 to 20 October 1918 when the village was liberated by British forces. There were 314 war victims from Aniche: 299 from injuries and 15 civilian victims; the period between the wars saw the decline of the mining industry with the cessation of operations of the last pit in 1938 and the final closure of the glassworks at the beginning of the Second World War.
Aniche is located some 15 km south-east of Douai and some 7 km north-west of Douchy-les-Mines in the heart of the old Ostrevent region. Access is by the D943 road from Bo
Abscon is a commune in the Nord department in northern France. Communes of the Nord department INSEE commune file
Abancourt is a commune in the Nord department in northern France. Communes of the Nord department INSEE commune file
Arleux is a commune in the Nord department in northern France. The Sensée River joins the Canal du Nord at Arleux. Communes of the Nord department INSEE commune file