Huai Khwang District
Huai Khwang is one of the 50 districts of Bangkok, Thailand. It is east of the city centre. Neighbouring districts are Chatuchak, Wang Thonglang, Bang Kapi, Suan Luang, Watthana and Din Daeng; the Huai Khwang District was established from an area part of Phaya Thai in 1973. Adjustments to the district were made in 1978, adjusting boundaries with neighboring districts Phaya Thai and Bang Kapi, again in 1993, creating the new Din Daeng District; the name "Huai Khwang" meaning "creek barricade". Because the terrain here in the past consisted of wetlands and creeks, waterways were the main means of transport. Today, the district has attracted a new generation of Chinese, leading it to be called "New Chinatown", as distinct from Bangkok's traditional Chinatown, Yaowarat, in Samphanthawong District; the district is divided into three sub-districts. Huai Khwang ห้วยขวาง Bang Kapi บางกะปิ Sam Sen Nok สามเสนนอก Thailand Cultural Centre, a venue consisting of two auditoriums and one outdoor stage, used for live performances throughout the year.
It was built with a grant from Japan, opened on 9 October 1987. It can be reached via MRT's Thailand Cultural Centre Station. Ratchada Grand Theatre, the site of the Siam Niramit show. Royal City Avenue, a nightlife area. CentralPlaza Grand Rama IX Ganesh Shrine, a shrine of Ganesha at the corner of Huai Khwang near the Huai Khwang MRT Station, where many worship; the MRT passes along the west side of Huai Khwang, providing six stations: Phetchaburi, Phra Ram 9, Thailand Cultural Centre, Huai Khwang and Ratchadaphisek. The Huai Khwang Metro Station is at the intersection of Ratchadaphisek Road with Prachasongkroa and Pracharat Bamphen Roads. From this station, several entertainment complexes are within walking distance, including some belonging to the famous Davis Group of massage parlours; the main depot of the Metro is in Huai Khwang District, covering an area of 0.48 square kilometres. Nok Mini has its headquarters in the district. Thai Sky Airlines had its head office in Room 708 of the 7th floor of the Le Concorde Tower in Huai Khwang District.
KIS International School, Thai-Japanese Association School and Modulo Language School are in Huai Khwang District. Triamudomsuksapattanakarn Ratchada School Bangkok Metropolitan Area website with Huai Kwang landmarks Huai Khwang District office Thailand Cultural Centre Huai Khwang Station environs
Bang Khen District
Bang Khen is one of the 50 districts of Bangkok, Thailand. It is bounded by other Bangkok districts: Sai Mai, Khlong Sam Wa, Khan Na Yao, Bueng Kum, Lat Phrao, Lak Si, Don Mueang. Bang Khen was established as an amphoe of Phra Nakhon Province in 1897; the district occupied. Farms dominated its landscape. In October 1933, the district was a battleground in the "Boworadet rebellion" contested by the army of Prince Boworadet and government troops. In 1972, Thonburi and Phra Nakhon Provinces were called Krung Thep Maha Nakhon. Administrative units within the capital were renamed "districts" and "sub-district", replacing "amphoe" and "tambon" respectively. Bang Khen became a district in the newly combined province. At that time it had eight sub-districts. Bang Khen was once a large district, but has been reduced in size after several modifications to district boundaries. In 1989, western and southwestern portions were split off to create Don Mueang District and Chatuchak District respectively. In 1997, a northern portion of Bang Khen was split off to create Sai Mai District, but in the same reorganization Bang Khen received Moo 8-10 of Chorakhe Bua Sub-district from Lat Phrao District.
As of 2018 the Thai Army's 11th Infantry Division occupies 3,000 rai of land in Bang Khen. Wat Phra Si Mahathat Wora Maha Wiharn Temple of Holy Relics Constitution Defense Monument at Lak Si Circle Sathira Dhammasathan Buddhist Retreat Center Ying Charoen Market or Saphan Mai Market; the original name of Saphan Mai was Saphan Sukoranakhaseni Lumphini Boxing Stadium Muay Thai arena moved from Pathum Wan in 2014 Phranakhon Rajabhat University, Rattanakosin Somphot Bangkhen School, Bangkhen District non-formal and informal Education, Krirk University The district is divided into two sub-districts: Anusawari and Tha Raeng. The Bang Khen district council has eight members. Elections were last held on 30 April 2006; the Thai Rak Thai Party won all eight seats. BMA website with the tourist landmarks of Bang Khen Bang Khen district office Map of Bang Khen District
Sutthisan MRT station
Sutthisan station is a Bangkok MRT station on the Blue Line located under Ratchadaphisek Road, near Sutthisan neighborhood. The station's symbol color is red. Sutthisan is underground station, widths 23 meters, lengths 226 meters, depths 19 meters, uses island platform. Operated by Bangkok Mass Transit Authority Ratchadaphisek line 73A 136 137 172 179 185 206 514 517 528 529 541
Thailand Cultural Centre MRT station
Thailand Cultural Centre MRT station is a Bangkok MRT station on the Blue Line. It is located under Ratchadaphisek Road, near Thailand Cultural Centre and Stock Exchange of Thailand and MRT depot, it will be transfers to MRT Orange Line in the future. Before construction, the station had been named Thian Ruam Mit; the station uses symbol as color blue. It is underground station, widths 27 meters, lengths 358 meters, depths 20 meters, uses island platform. There are MetroMall in the station, but not opened yet. Bangkok Mass Transit Authority Ratchadaphisek line 73 73A 98 136 137 157 163 172 179 185 206 514 517 528 529 On 17 January 2005, just after 09:15, an empty train returning to the depot collided with a peak-hour train filled with passengers at the Thailand Cultural Centre station. 140 people were hurt, most of whom sustained only minor injuries, the entire Metro network was shut down for two weeks. After initial investigations, it was found that the empty train had run into problems shortly before the accident, grinding to a halt on a curve leading to the depot.
The driver applied its brake and was waiting to be towed to the maintenance centre close to Thailand Cultural Centre station. A rescue train was attempting to connect to the stalled train when the driver was told to release the brake while coupling had not yet been successful, it was that the empty train began to roll backwards at a speed of ten metres per second, before smashing into the other train, carrying passengers. Therefore, it was believed that the incident was caused by negligence due to insufficient training of operation staff; this accident resulted in two damaged trains with damaged areas limited to the two leading cars. The colliding speed was suspected to be about 60 km/h due to the appearance of damaged areas. However, one train, rebuilt from the repair of the minor-damaged cars, was fitted for operation at the end of 2006 and the remaining one was still under heavy repair until mid of 2007; the cost resulting from the accident might be a much higher figure than BMCL quoted, it was expected to be at least 400 million baht, insured by a local insurance company.
The Metro resumed full operation on 1 February 2005, passenger numbers soon rose back to pre-crash levels due to a temporary promotional fare scheme which allowed passengers to travel any distance on the MRT for only ten baht
Khlong Sam Wa District
Khlong Sam Wa is one of the 50 districts of Bangkok, Thailand. It is bounded by other districts: Amphoe Lam Luk Ka of Pathum Thani Province, Nong Chok, Min Buri, Khan Na Yao, Bang Khen, Sai Mai of Bangkok. Khlong Sam Wa was established as a district on 21 November 1997 by splitting from Min Buri. Khlong Sam Wa was the name of an amphoe in Min Buri and hence the name is used as the district name. In 1947 when the area was still rural, the farming community of Bang Chan was chosen as a centre for Thai studies; the district is divided into five sub-districts. The district council for Khlong Sam Wa has seven members. Elections were last held on 30 April 2006; the Thai Rak Thai Party won seven seats. Safari World Wari Phirom Park Nawamintrachinuthit Satriwittaya 2 School Nawamintrachinuthit Benjamarachalai School BMA website with Khlong Sam Wa landmarks
Noise pollution known as environmental noise or sound pollution, is the propagation of noise with harmful impact on the activity of human or animal life. The source of outdoor noise worldwide is caused by machines and propagation systems. Poor urban planning may give rise to noise pollution, side-by-side industrial and residential buildings can result in noise pollution in the residential areas; some of the main sources of noise in residential areas include loud music, transportation noise, lawn care maintenance, nearby construction, or young people yelling. Noise pollution associated with household electricity generators is an emerging environmental degradation in many developing nations; the average noise level of 97.60 dB obtained exceeded the WHO value of 50 dB allowed for residential areas. Research suggests that noise pollution is the highest in low-income and racial minority neighborhoods. Documented problems associated with urban environment noise go back as far as ancient Rome. High noise levels can contribute to cardiovascular effects in humans and an increased incidence of coronary artery disease.
In animals, noise can increase the risk of death by altering predator or prey detection and avoidance, interfere with reproduction and navigation, contribute to permanent hearing loss. While the elderly may have cardiac problems due to noise, according to the World Health Organization, children are vulnerable to noise, the effects that noise has on children may be permanent. Noise poses a serious threat to a child’s physical and psychological health, may negatively interfere with a child's learning and behavior. Noise pollution affects both behavior. Unwanted sound can damage physiological health. Noise pollution can cause hypertension, high stress levels, hearing loss, sleep disturbances, other harmful effects. Sound becomes unwanted when it either interferes with normal activities such as sleep or conversation, or disrupts or diminishes one's quality of life. Noise-induced hearing loss can be caused by prolonged exposure to noise levels above 85 A-weighted, decibels. A comparison of Maaban tribesmen, who were insignificantly exposed to transportation or industrial noise, to a typical U.
S. population showed that chronic exposure to moderately high levels of environmental noise contributes to hearing loss. Noise exposure in the workplace can contribute to noise-induced hearing loss and other health issues. Occupational hearing loss is one of the most common work-related illnesses in the U. S. and worldwide. Less addressed is. Indeed, tolerance for noise is independent of decibel levels. However, Murray Schafer's soundscape research was groundbreaking in this regard. In his eponymous work, he makes compelling arguments about how humans relate to noise on a subjective level, how such subjectivity is conditioned by culture, he notes that sound is an expression of power, as such, material culture tend to have louder engines not only for safety reasons, but for expressions of power by dominating the soundscape with a particular sound. Other key research in this area can be seen in Fong's comparative analysis of soundscape differences between Bangkok and Los Angeles, California, US. Based on Schafer's research, Fong's study showed how soundscapes differ based on the level of urban development in the area.
He found. Fong's important findings tie not only soundscape appreciation to our subjective views of sound, but demonstrates how different sounds of the soundscape are indicative of class differences in urban environments. Noise pollution can have negative affects on children on the autistic spectrum; those with Autism Spectrum Disorder can have hyperacusis, an abnormal sensitivity to sound. People with ASD that experience hyperacusis may have unpleasant emotions, such as fear and anxiety, sensations in noisy environments with loud sounds; this can cause individuals with ASD to avoid environments with noise pollution which can cause isolation and negatively impact their quality of life. Sudden explosive noises typical of high-performance car exhausts and car alarms are types of noise pollution that can affect individuals with ASD. Noise can have a detrimental effect on animals, increasing the risk of death by changing the delicate balance in predator or prey detection and avoidance, interfering the use of the sounds in communication in relation to reproduction and in navigation.
These effects may alter more interactions within a community through indirect effects. Acoustic overexposure can lead to permanent loss of hearing. European robins living in urban environments are more to sing at night in places with high levels of noise pollution during the day, suggesting that they sing at night because it is quieter, their message can propagate through the environment more clearly; the same study showed that daytime noise was a stronger predictor of nocturnal singing than night-time light pollution, to which the phenomenon is attributed. Anthropogenic noise reduced the species richness of birds found in Neoptropical urban parks. Zebra finches become less faithful to their partners; this could alter a population's evolutionary trajectory by selecting traits, sapping resources devoted to other activities and thus leading to profound genetic and evolutionary consequences. Underwater noise pollution due to human activities is prevalent in the sea. Cargo ships generate high levels of noise due to diesel engines.
This noise pollutio
Phra Khanong District
Phra Khanong is one of the 50 districts of Bangkok, Thailand. Its neighbor, clockwise from north, are Suan Luang and Bang Na districts of Bangkok, Amphoe Phra Pradaeng of Samut Prakan Province, Khlong Toei and Watthana of Bangkok. Phra Khanong was an amphoe of Nakhon Khuean Khan back in 1902. Nakhon Khuean Khan was renamed to Phra Pradaeng in 1914. In 1927 Phra Khanong was transferred from the Phra Pradaeng province to Bangkok, it was once big but it has since been split into several small districts. The districts Khlong Toei, Suan Luang and Bang Na were all once part of Phra Khanong. Khlong Toei and Prawet districts were carved out of Phra Khanong in 1989. Bang Na was the last district to leave Phra Khanong in 1998. Though the administration has been changed, many surrounding areas are still referred to as Phra Khanong; the Phra Khanong station of Bangkok Skytrain, opened in 1999, is outside the Phra Khanong district and located instead in the Phra Khanong Nuea sub-district of Watthana district.
The word Khanong originates from Khmer language and means eyebrow but it was speculated that it may be from Khanon meaning customhouse. The area has been important gateway from the sea for long time and the history of Phra Pradaeng dated back to over 1,000 years ago when the area was still ruled by Khmer empire; the shrine dedicated to Mae Nak Phra Khanong at Wat Mahabut was situated in the Phra Khanong district until a 1997 boundary change placed it in neighboring Suan Luang district - much to the consternation of the people of Phra Khanong. The district has two sub-districts. Wat Thammamongkhon is a landmark in Phra Khanong; the temple has the tallest chedi of its kind in Thailand named Phra Wiriya Mongkhon Maha Chedi. It is a square chedi built to the style of Mahabodhi Temple in India. On the top is decorated with 17 kg of gold and 1,063 diamonds, it houses large jade Buddha and Kuan Yin images. Wat Wachiratham Sathit, formally called Wat Thung, is an important temple to the local community.
Events are held during Songkran festival in April. A BTS Skytrain route extension, completed in August 2011, has 2 stations in Phra Khanong district: Bang Chak and Punnawithi; the Anglo Singapore International School has its Campus 64 in the district. Wells International School operates its On Nut Campus, with primary and secondary classes, in Phra Khanong District. Official website of the district BMA website with the tourist landmarks of Phra Khanong BTS route extension plan