Upper Gundowring is a locality in north east Victoria, Australia. The locality is in the Alpine Shire local government area, 335 kilometres north east of the state capital, Melbourne. At the 2016 census, Upper Gundowring had a population of 99. Media related to Upper Gundowring at Wikimedia Commons
Postcodes in Australia
Postcodes are used in Australia to more efficiently sort and route mail within the Australian postal system. Postcodes in Australia are placed at the end of the Australian address. Postcodes were introduced in Australia in 1967 by the Postmaster-General's Department and are now managed by Australia Post, are published in booklets available from post offices or online from the Australia Post website. Australian envelopes and postcards have four square boxes printed in orange at the bottom right for the postcode; these are used. Postcodes were introduced in Australia in 1967 by the Postmaster-General's Department to replace earlier postal sorting systems, such as Melbourne's letter and number codes and a similar system used in rural and regional New South Wales; the introduction of the postcodes coincided with the introduction of a large-scale mechanical mail sorting system in Australia, starting with the Sydney GPO. By 1968, 75% of mail was using postcodes, in the same year post office preferred-size envelopes were introduced, which came to be referred to as “standard envelopes”.
Postcode squares were introduced in June 1990 to enable Australia Post to use optical character recognition software in its mail sorting machines to automatically and more sort mail by postcodes. Australian postcodes consist of four digits, are written after the name of the city, suburb, or town, the state or territory: Mr John Smith 100 Flushcombe Road BLACKTOWN NSW 2148When writing an address by hand, a row of four boxes is pre-printed on the lower right hand corner of an envelope, the postcode may be written in the boxes. If addressing a letter from outside Australia, the postcode is recorded before'Australia'. Australian postcodes are sorting information, they are linked with one area. Due to post code rationalisation, they can be quite complex in country areas; the south-western Victoria 3221 postcode of the Geelong Mail Centre includes twenty places around Geelong with few people. This means that mail for these places is not sorted until it gets to Geelong; some postcodes cover large populations, while other postcodes have much smaller populations in urban areas.
Australian postcodes range from 0200 for the Australian National University to 9944 for Cannonvale, Queensland. Some towns and suburbs have two postcodes — one for street deliveries and another for post office boxes. For example, a street address in the Sydney suburb of Parramatta would be written like this: Mr John Smith 99 George Street PARRAMATTA NSW 2150But mail sent to a PO Box in Parramatta would be addressed: Mr John Smith PO Box 99 PARRAMATTA NSW 2124Many large businesses, government departments and other institutions receiving high volumes of mail had their own postcode as a Large Volume Receiver, e.g. the Royal Brisbane and Women's Hospital has the postcode 4029, the Australian National University had the postcode 0200. More postcode ranges were made available for LVRs in the 1990s. Australia Post has been progressively discontinuing the LVR programme since 2006; the first one or two numbers show the state or territory that the postcode belongs to Sometimes near the state and territory borders, Australia Post finds it easier to send mail through a nearby post office, across the border: Some of the postcodes above may cover two or more states.
For example, postcode 2620 covers both a locality in NSW as well as a locality in the ACT, postcode 0872 covers a number of localities across WA, SA, NT and QLD. Three locations straddle the NSW-Queensland border. Jervis Bay Territory, once an exclave of the ACT but now a separate territory, is geographically located on the coast of NSW, it is just south of the towns of Huskisson, with which it shares a postcode. Mail to the Jervis Bay Territory is still addressed to the ACT; the numbers used to show the state on each radio callsign in Australia are the same number as the first number for postcodes in that state, e.g. 2xx in New South Wales, 3xx in Victoria, etc. Radio callsigns pre-date postcodes in Australia by more than forty years. Australia's external territories are included in Australia Post's postcode system. While these territories do not belong to any state, they are addressed as such for mail sorting: Three scientific bases in Antarctica operated by the Australian National Antarctic Research Expeditions share a postcode with the isolated sub-Antarctic island of Macquarie Island: Each state's capital city ends with three zeroes, while territorial capital cities end with two zeroes.
Capital city postcodes were the lowest postcodes in their state or territory range, before new ranges for LVRs and PO Boxes were made available. The last number can be changed from "0" to "1" to get the postcode for General Post Office boxes in any capital city: While the first number of a postcode shows the state or territory, the second number shows a region within the state. However, postcodes with the same second number are not always next to each other; as an example, postcodes in the range 2200–2299 are split between the southern suburbs of Sydney and the Central Coast of New South Wales. Postcodes with a second number of "0" or "1" are always located within the metropolitan area of the state's capital city. Postcodes with higher secon
Bright is a town in northeastern Victoria, Australia, 319 metres above sea level at the southeastern end of the Ovens Valley. At the 2016 census, Bright had a population of 2,406, it is in the Alpine Shire local government area. Its postcode is 3741. Hamilton Hume and William Hovell explored the area in 1824; the town was first known as Morse's Creek after F. H. Morse but in 1861 it was renamed in honour of politician John Bright; the Post Office opened on 25 January 1860 as Morse's Creek and was renamed Bright in 1866. During the Victorian gold rush there was a rush to the nearby Buckland River; as the gold deposits diminished, Chinese miners arrived in the area to sift the abandoned claims. Tensions over Chinese success from Anglo-Irish miners caused the violent Buckland Riot in 1857, resulting in deaths of Chinese miners and the fleeing of 2,000 Chinese; the riot was quelled by the Beechworth police under the command of Robert O'Hara Burke from 80 kilometres away. Bright has a rich cultural heritage and many locations within the town along with street names can be traced to present day residents.
The Bright Historical Society has extensive records of the region's past. The main industry of the town at the beginning of the 21st century is tourism, with much focus on the autumnal colours of the European trees planted in the area. A major cultural event is the Bright Autumn Festival. Due to the number of paragliding and hang glider launch sites close to Bright, the town has been a centre of activity for paragliding festivals and competitions. Bright has a variety of native birds and animals. Morses Creek and the Ovens River have adjoining tracks for long walks. Bright is a popular family destination over summer and the population swells after Christmas. During the summer months Bright enjoys warm and sunny days with comfortable overnight temperatures; the town is close to the Victorian Alps and various alpine national parks including the Mount Buffalo National Park. Mount Feathertop, Mount Bogong and Mount Hotham are near the township. At 1986 metres Bogong is the highest peak in the state of Victoria and Feathertop is the second highest at 1922 metres above sea level.
The railway station has been preserved as a local history museum. Although trains no longer run from the township, the 95 km Murray to the Mountains Rail Trail allows cyclists to travel the same route that train passengers would have traveled via the townships of Myrtleford and Wangaratta. Owing to its elevation, Bright has a subtropical highland climate under the Köppen climate classification scheme, with four distinct seasons. Summer is warm and dry, with mild to cool nights. Autumn is dry. Winters and spring are damp. Snowfall and frost are common during the winter months; the highest recorded temperature in Bright was 40.7 °C on 8 February 1983 and the lowest recorded temperature was −7.8 °C on 30 June 1986. Bright P-12 College is located within walking distance of the town centre; the college population comprises students from the surrounding townships of Porepunkah and Wandiligong. The college operates an annex school in Dinner Plain during the winter season; the college is one of a few state educational facilities where primary and secondary students share the same campus.
The local area has an variety of plants and animals. Many wildflowers and small trees and ferns can be seen close to each other. Within 350 metres of the town centre, just a few minutes walk, can be seen platypus, fish and amphibians in their natural environment. Overhead there are dragonflies, harmless native bees and many species of birds including willy wagtail, kookaburra and cockatoo, they give the area an intermittent background soundtrack and can be quite communicative and sometimes emphatic if not boisterous. Lyrebirds can be heard outside of town and wombats and the occasional echidna can be seen. Several species of small reptile such as lizards live in the area, whilst the local people have a most approachable charm typical of small towns and are diverse given the conservative and historic town facade, the same forthright approach to new acquaintances is however not recommended if you chance upon a goanna or snake on one of the many nearby wooded bushwalking tracks as they have a different temperament indeed.
Hang-gliding and paragliding are popular activities and the Mystic Flight Park is located 3 kilometres from town. Fishing occurs in the rivers and dams in the area and are stocked with trout from the local hatchery. Native Murray cod have been caught in the local rivers, but these are becoming rare. Mountain biking trails exist close to the town centre; the tracks range from technical, singletracks to easy river side rides. Best trails are found within the Baker's Gully area and downhill tracks are located off Mystic Hill, Apex Hill and in the Porepunkah pines on the south side of the Ovens River. Cycling: The Audax Alpine Classic cycle event is run every Australia Day weekend by Audax Australia with over 2000 cyclists descending on Bright; the 200 km route takes the rider to Falls Creek and back and a return trip to Mount Buffalo. The town has an Australian Rules football team competing in the King Football League. Golfers play at the Bright Country Golf Club on Back Porepunkah Road. Bright is the location of The Buffalo Stampede, Australia's first Sanctioned Skyrunning event in April 2014 with 2 events.
Starting and finishing at Howitt Park, the 75 km Ultra SkyMarathon takes runners
Falls Creek, Victoria
The Falls Creek Alpine Resort is an alpine ski resort in the Hume region in northeastern Victoria, Australia. It is located in the Alpine National Park in the Victorian Alps 350 kilometres by road from Melbourne, with the nearest town Mount Beauty 30 km away; the resort lies between an elevation of 1,210 and 1,830 m above sea level, with the highest lifted point at 1,780 m. Skiing is possible on the nearby peak of Mount McKay at 1,842 m, accessed by snowcat from the resort. After World War II, the Kiewa Hydroelectric Scheme was started in the Kiewa River valley by the State Electricity Commission of Victoria. On land used only for summer cattle grazing in the natural alpine grasslands, the first ski lodge was built in 1948 by workers from the scheme; the first lift, a rope tow, was built in 1951 and the first chairlift in Australia was constructed there in 1957. Falls Creek Post Office opened on 9 June 1958; the high plains in the area were used for summer cattle grazing from 1851 until 2005, when the Government of Victoria did not renew grazing licenses due to concerns about the cattle's impact on the fragile alpine environment.
Some of the cattlemen's huts still are a tourist attraction in summer. Mount Bogong, Victoria's highest mountain, is nearby; the nearest town to Falls Creek is Mount Beauty. Falls Creek is beginner/intermediate friendly, with 80% of the resort dedicated to these types of skiers/snowboarders. However, Australia's notoriously fickle snow conditions ensure that snowmaking using the water from the nearby Rocky Valley Lake is sometimes early in the season, the main source of skiable snow. Like all Australian snowfields, Falls Creek's customer base is entirely domestic, however many international cross country skiers travel to Falls Creek for the Kangaroo Hoppet, Australia's Worldloppet event on the last Saturday of August and international snowboarders to Stylewars, The Australian Slopestyle Championships and Australia's highest sanctioned TTR World Tour event held in the first week of September; the resort features 4,500 accommodation beds, a large number of restaurants and nightclubs to amuse the guests at night.
Some apartments are owned, but the resort's management requires that they must be available for hire when not occupied. The resort serves as a summer base to explore the national park surrounding the resort. Falls Creek is accessible by the Bogong High Plains Road from Mount Beauty all year round, though like all of Australia's snow resorts snow chains must be carried during winter and fitted if directed; the road continues across the High Plains and descends to meet the Omeo Highway north of the hamlet of Anglers Rest, however the route from this side is closed during the snow season. In summer both routes are popular with cyclists, various cycling events are held that involve climbing to the resort, including the popular SCODY 3 Peaks Challenge. Highest elevation: 1,842 m Highest lifted elevation: 1,780 m Village elevation: 1,600 m Number of lifts: 14 Snowline elevation: 1,100 m Average yearly snowfall: 4 m Average days open in winter: 128 Number of Runs: 92+ Longest advanced run: Wishing Well, 3 km Longest beginner run: Wombats Ramble, 2.2 km Terrain mix: 17% beginner, 60% intermediate, 23% advancedCross country Number of trails: 21 Groomed trail network: 65 km Longest trail: Rocky Valley Dam Loop, 21 km Terrain mix: Beginner 33%, Intermediate 48%, Advanced 19% International Poma: 4:50 per ride, 1,525 to 1,775 m.
Rainfall is moderate to heavy. Steven Lee and World Cup alpine skier. A back-country tour guide for Falls Creek Malcolm Milne, World Cup alpine racer, learned to ski at Falls Creek Ross Milne, learned to ski at Falls Creek. Britteny Cox, Australian Mogul Skier and the youngest athlete to compete at the Vancouver 2010 Olympic Winter Games. Scott James, Australian Snowboarder, Australia's youngest male Olympian in 50 years and the youngest male competitor at the Vancouver Games. Skiing in Australia Official website Falls Creek Ski Lifts Pty Ltd Site Falls Creek Terrain Park Site The Age - Falls Creek Corporate Ski Race Site Falls Creek Official Employment Site Falls Creek Race Club Official Site Falls Creek snow report on ski.com.au Falls Creek Trailmap Falls Creek on wikiski.com Victorian Cross Country Ski Team A list of all 40 lifts to operate at Falls Creek at the Australian ski lift directory
Harrietville is a town in Victoria, located on the Great Alpine Road, in the Alpine Shire. At the 2016 census and the surrounding area had a population of 338; the town began as a goldmining settlement during the Victorian Gold Rush, the Post Office opening on 5 July 1865. Alluvial gold was mined initially. Many of the early miners were Chinese; the mining shifted to deep reefs accessed via shafts. A large dredge, known as the Tronoh Monster worked extracting alluvial gold from the Ovens River flats; the dredge created the hole it floated in, dumping the tailings behind it. It made slow progress along the river flats stopping when rock reefs were contacted at the base of the surrounding mountains. Three large and deep lakes remain near Harrietville. Harrietville today provides some accommodation for skiers visiting nearby Mount Hotham; the town hosts a bush market on Easter Sunday. In January are a European classical music competition, a lawn mower grand prix. In June the annual Harry T Ville and the Boys Blues Band concert is held at the old Chinese Hotel.
In November, the town hosts an annual Bluegrass convention, attracting some hundreds of performers and aficionados. Media related to Victoria at Wikimedia Commons Harrietville Gold Field Victoria Geol. Survey 1904, W. M. Bradford
Wonnangatta is a locality in north east Victoria, Australia. The locality is in the Alpine Shire local government area, 349 kilometres north east of the state capital, Melbourne. At the 2016 census, the residential population of Wonnangatta was recorded as zero. Wonnangatta Station was the site of the Wonnangatta murders in 1917. Media related to Wonnangatta at Wikimedia Commons
Dederang is a town in north east Victoria. The town is located on the Kiewa Valley Highway, in the Alpine Shire Local government in Australia, 329 kilometres from the state capital, Melbourne. Dederang is located in the Kiewa River valley. At the 2006 census and the surrounding area had a population of 422. Dederang Post Office opened on 1 September 1877 and closed in 1977; the town holds a New Year's Day race meeting. The town in conjunction with neighbouring township Mount Beauty has an Australian Rules football team Dederang-Mount Beauty competing in the Tallangatta & District Football League. Dederang has a picnic horse racing club, the Dederang Picnic Race Club, which holds its one race meeting a year with the Dederang Cup in January. Golfers play at the Dederang Golf Club on the Kiewa Valley Highway. Other notable clubs are the Dederang Bowls Club and the Dederang & District Trail Riding Club