Rose Josephine Hudson-Wilkin is a Church of England priest. Since November 2014, she has been Priest-in-Charge of City of London, she additionally holds the roles of Chaplain to the Speaker of the House of Commons, priest vicar at Westminster Abbey and Chaplain to the Queen. She was vicar of Holy Trinity Church and All Saints Church, Haggerston, she was tipped as to be among the first cohort of women to become bishops in the Church of England, but this did not happen. Born in Montego Bay, Hudson-Wilkin was raised by her father and aunt Pet, her mother having left for England when she was born, she did not meet her mother again. She was educated at an all-girls secondary school in Montego Bay, she was 14 when she decided to join the ministry and, in a 2012 interview in the Daily Telegraph, she said: "I had this overwhelming sense that this was what I was called to do." In 1982, Hudson-Wilkin travelled to the UK to train at the Church Army college in the West Midlands. In 1991, having completed the West Midlands Ministerial Training Course, she was ordained in the Church of England as a deacon.
From 1991 to 1994, she served as the parish deacon of Wolverhampton. She was ordained a priest in 1994, in the first year that the Church of England ordained women to the priesthood. Remaining at St Matthew's Church, she served her curacy from 1994 to 1995. From 1995 to 1998, she was assistant curate of West Bromwich. During this time, she worked with the Committee on Black Anglican Concern, it was founded after the Faith in the City report was published in 1985 and worked to combat racism in the Church of England. It has since been replaced by the Committee for Minority Ethnic Anglican Concerns. In 1998, she took up the role as vicar of Holy Trinity Church and All Saints Church, Haggerston, an inner-city parish in Hackney, London, she was appointed Chaplain to the Queen in 2008. In 2010, she was appointed Chaplain to the Speaker of the House of Commons in addition to her parish work. In March 2013, she was made a prebendary of St Paul's Cathedral in recognition of "her service to the Church and most as Chaplain to the Speaker of the House of Commons".
In October 2014, it was announced that she was to become Priest-in-Charge of St Mary-at-Hill, City of London. She moved to her new parish in November 2014, while maintaining her additional appointments. On 19 May 2018, she was one of several religious leaders to lead prayers at the wedding of Prince Harry and Meghan Markle. After taking up her parish role in Hackney, Hudson-Wilkin staged a rooftop protest on the church with her curate to highlight the need for funds to repair the fabric of the building. Speaking on Desert Island Discs in January 2014, she said that with so much development going on in Hackney, she was trying to draw attention to the plight of the church, which had a leaking roof, adding that she wished she would stay a little longer on the roof as the protest attracted donations for its repair. Hudson-Wilkin came to wider attention as the first black female to hold the role of Queen's chaplain; when she was appointed to the Commons some people alleged that this was an act of political correctness on the part of the Speaker John Bercow.
The traditional role was split in two with Hudson-Wilkin remaining in her Hackney parish and attending to the Commons via daily prayers and services in St Mary Undercroft, while Andrew Tremlett took up the post of Canon of Westminster and rector of St Margaret's, Westminster. In an interview in The Observer a year after her appointment to the Commons, Hudson-Wilkin commented that she would like to see a more civil attitude among MPs: "That's my secret prayer actually: the world is looking on and I just believe that I would like to see a change there in the way they handle listening to each other and the way they speak to each other." Hudson-Wilkin has updated the traditional 17th-century prayers before parliamentary debates by introducing mention of topical events saying a prayer on behalf of International Women's Day in 2010 that attracted complaints to the Speaker by some MPs. A critic of what she has described as institutional racism in the church, she has spoken on the subject of gay marriage, telling The Times that the church is "obsessed with sex" and there are many more important issues.
During her interview on Desert Island Discs, Hudson-Wilkin was asked about the proposed ordination of women as bishops and said: "I believe that we hold certain prejudices about certain things and we believe them to be true... What I want is for people to be open to the possibilities that their minds might be changed." She added: "I think the church has been the poorer for not having the gifts of women – men and women – in its leadership."In an episode of the BBC program The Big Questions aired January 2015, discussing the lack of legal recognition for humanist marriages, Hudson-Wilkin characterised humanists as "anti-religion" and expressed bewilderment that humanists would want to get married, saying "Marriage is a sacred act. We see it as a gift from God, so it is not something we think anybody just gets up and, stands in front, says I’m marrying you. If humanists are anti-religion I don’t understand why you want to keep and do all of the things that religion does." She stated that she did not know if she would attend a humanist wedding as it was outside her conception of what a wedding was.
Hudson-Wilkin met her husband Ken Wilkin. He is chaplain to Downview prison; the couple have a son. Biography on Church of England site Profile in Jamaica Gleaner Rose Hudson-Wilkin on Desert
Bishop of Durham
The Bishop of Durham is the Anglican bishop responsible for the Diocese of Durham in the Province of York. The diocese is one of the oldest in England and its bishop is a member of the House of Lords. Paul Butler has been the Bishop of Durham since his election was confirmed at York Minster on 20 January 2014; the previous bishop was Justin Archbishop of Canterbury. The bishop is one of two, he is styled The Right Reverend, by Divine Providence Lord Bishop of Durham, but this full title is used. In signatures, the bishop's family name is replaced from the Latin name for Durham. In the past, Bishops of Durham varied their signatures between the French Duresm. Prior to 1836, the Bishop of Durham was a prince-bishop and had significant temporal powers over the Liberty of Durham and the County Palatine of Durham; the bishop lived in Durham Castle from its construction in the 11th century. In 1832, Auckland Castle became the official residence of the Bishops of Durham until July 2012 when ownership of the castle was transferred over to the Auckland Castle Trust, a charitable foundation with the aim of beginning a major restoration of the grounds and castle and creating permanent exhibitions on the history of Christianity in Britain and the North East.
The bishop no longer resides there. The Bishop of Lindisfarne is an episcopal title which takes its name after the tidal island of Lindisfarne, which lies just off the northeast coast of Northumberland, England; the title was first used by the Anglo-Saxons between the 10th centuries. In the reign of Æthelstan Wigred, thought by Simon Keynes to have been Bishop of Chester-le-Street, attested royal charters. According to George Molyneaux, the church of St Cuthbert "was in all probability the greatest landholder between the Tees and the Tyne". Traditionally, following the chronology of the twelfth-century writer Symeon of Durham, historians have believed that the body of St Cuthbert and centre of the diocese lay at Chester-le-Street from the ninth century until 995, but recent research has suggested that the bishops may have been based at Norham on the River Tweed until after 1013; the title of "bishop of Lindisfarne" is now used by the Roman Catholic Church. The Anglo-Saxon bishops of Lindisfarne were ordinaries of several early medieval episcopal sees in Northumbria and pre-Conquest England.
The first such see. From the 7th century onwards, in addition to his spiritual authority, the Bishops of Lindisfarne, Durham acted as the civil ruler of the region as the lord of the liberty of Durham, with local authority equal to that of the king; the bishop maintained his own court. After the Norman Conquest, this power was retained by the bishop and was recognised with the designation of the region as the County Palatine of Durham; as holder of this office, the bishop was both the earl of the bishop of the diocese. Though the term'prince-bishop' has become a common way of describing the role of the bishop prior to 1836, the term was unknown in Medieval England. Except for a brief period of suppression during the English Civil War, the bishopric retained this temporal power until it was abolished by the Durham Act 1836. Catholic Encyclopedia
Lambeth Palace is the official London residence of the Archbishop of Canterbury in England, in north Lambeth, on the south bank of the River Thames, 400 yards south-east of the Palace of Westminster, which houses the Houses of Parliament, on the opposite bank. Lambeth Palace has been – for nearly 800 years – the London residence of the Archbishop of Canterbury, whose original residence was in Canterbury, Kent. Called the Manor of Lambeth or Lambeth House, the site was acquired by the archbishopric around 1200 AD and has the largest collection of records of the Church in its library, it is bounded by Lambeth Palace Road to the west and Lambeth Road to the south, but unlike all surrounding land is excluded from the parish of North Lambeth. The garden park resembles Archbishop's Park, a neighbouring public park; the former church in front of its entrance has been converted to the Garden Museum. The south bank of the Thames along this reach, not part of historic London, developed because the land was low and sodden: it was called Lambeth Marsh, as far downriver as the present Blackfriars Road.
The name "Lambeth" embodies "hithe", a landing on the river: archbishops came and went by water, as did John Wycliff, tried here for heresy. In the Peasants' Revolt of 1381, the Palace was attacked; the oldest remaining part of the palace is the Early English chapel. Lollards' Tower, which retains evidence of its use as a prison in the 17th century, dates from 1435 to 1440; the front is an early Tudor brick gatehouse built by Cardinal John Morton and completed in 1495. Cardinal Pole lay in state in the palace for 40 days after he died there in 1558; the fig tree in the palace courtyard is grown from a slip taken from one of the White Marseille fig trees here for centuries. In 1786, there were three ancient figs, two "nailed against the wall" and still noted in 1826 as "two uncommonly fine... traditionally reported to have been planted by Cardinal Pole, fixed against that part of the palace believed to have been founded by him. They are of the white Marseilles sort, still bear delicious fruit....
On the south side of the building, in a small private garden, is another tree of the same kind and age." By 1882, their place had been taken by several massive offshoots. The notable orchard of the medieval period has somewhat given way to a mirroring public park adjoining and built-up roads of housing and offices; the great hall was ransacked, including the building material, by Cromwellian troops during the English Civil War. After the Restoration, it was rebuilt by archbishop William Juxon in 1663 with a late Gothic hammerbeam roof; the choice of a hammerbeam roof was evocative, as it reflected the High-Church Anglican continuity with the Old Faith and served as a visual statement that the Interregnum was over. As with some Gothic details on University buildings of the same date, it is debated among architectural historians whether this is "Gothic survival" or an early work of the "Gothic Revival"; the diarist Samuel Pepys recognised it as "a new old-fashioned hall." The building is listed in the highest category, Grade I for its architecture – its front gatehouse with its tall, crenellated gatehouse resembles Hampton Court Palace's gatehouse, of the Tudor period, however Morton's Gatehouse was at its start, in the 1490s, rather than in the same generation as Cardinal Wolsey's wider partially stone-dressed deep red brick façade.
While this is the most public-facing bit, it is not the oldest at north-west corner, the Water Tower or Lollards' Tower mentioned above is made of Kentish Ragstone with ashlar quoins and a brick turret is much older. Among the portraits of the archbishops in the Palace are works by Hans Holbein, Anthony van Dyck, William Hogarth and Sir Joshua Reynolds. New construction was added to the building in 1834 by Edward Blore, who rebuilt much of Buckingham Palace in neo-Gothic style and it fronts a spacious quadrangle; the buildings form the home of the Archbishop, ex officio a member of the House of Lords and is regarded as the first among equals in the Anglican Communion. Lambeth Palace is home to the Community of Saint Anselm, an Anglican religious order, under the patronage of the Archbishop of Canterbury. Within the palace is Lambeth Palace Library, the official library of the Archbishop of Canterbury, the principal repository of records of the Church of England, it was founded as a public library by Archbishop Richard Bancroft in 1610.
It contains a vast collection of material relating to ecclesiastical history, including archbishops' and bishops' archives and papers relating to various Anglican missionary and charitable societies. The collection of manuscripts contains important material, some dating as far back as the 9th century. Other collections contain material on a variety of topics from the history of art and architecture to colonial and Commonwealth history, innumerable aspects of English social and economic history; the library is a significant resource for local history and genealogy. The library contains over 120,000 books as well as the archives of the Archbishops of Canterbury and other church bodies dating back to the 12th century; these can be found via the online catalogues. Highlights include the Romanesque Lambeth Bible. Other notable manuscripts include: Lambeth Choirbook Lambeth Homilies Mac Durnan Gospels Book of Howth In front of the entrance stands the former parish church of St Mary-at-Lambeth; the tower dates from 1377.
In Christian churches with episcopal polity, the rank of metropolitan bishop, or metropolitan, pertains to the diocesan bishop or archbishop of a metropolis. The term referred to the bishop of the chief city of a historical Roman province, whose authority in relation to the other bishops of the province was recognized by the First Council of Nicaea; the bishop of the provincial capital, the metropolitan, enjoyed certain rights over other bishops in the province called suffragan bishops. The term is applied in a similar sense to the bishop of the chief episcopal see of an ecclesiastical province; the head of such a metropolitan see has the rank of archbishop and is therefore called the metropolitan archbishop of the ecclesiastical province. Metropolitan bishops preside over synods of the bishops of their ecclesiastical province, are granted special privileges by canon law and tradition. In some churches, such as the Church of Greece, a metropolis is a rank granted to all episcopal sees, their bishops are all called the title of archbishop being reserved for the primate.
See also: Catholic Church hierarchy and Diocesan bishop In the Latin Church, an ecclesiastical province, composed of several neighbouring dioceses, is headed by a metropolitan, the archbishop of the diocese designated by the Pope. The other bishops are known as suffragan bishops; the metropolitan's powers over dioceses other than his own are limited to supervising observance of faith and ecclesiastical discipline and notifying the Supreme Pontiff of any abuses. The metropolitan has the liturgical privilege of celebrating sacred functions throughout the province, as if he were a bishop in his own diocese, provided only that, if he celebrates in a cathedral church, the diocesan bishop has been informed beforehand; the metropolitan is obliged to request the pallium, a symbol of the power that, in communion with the Church of Rome, he possesses over his ecclesiastical province. This holds if he had the pallium in another metropolitan see, it is the responsibility of the metropolitan, with the consent of the majority of the suffragan bishops, to call a provincial council, decide where to convene it, determine the agenda.
It is his prerogative to preside over the provincial council. No provincial council can be called. All Latin Rite metropolitans are archbishops. Titular archbishops are never metropolitans; as of April 2006, 508 archdioceses were headed by metropolitan archbishops, 27 archbishops lead an extant archdiocese, but were not metropolitans, there were 89 titular archbishops. See Catholic Church hierarchy for the distinctions. In those Eastern Catholic Churches that are headed by a patriarch, metropolitans in charge of ecclesiastical provinces hold a position similar to that of metropolitans in the Latin Church. Among the differences is that Eastern Catholic metropolitans within the territory of the patriarchate are to be ordained and enthroned by the patriarch, who may ordain and enthrone metropolitans of sees outside that territory that are part of his Church. A metropolitan has the right to ordain and enthrone the bishops of his province; the metropolitan is to be commemorated in the liturgies celebrated within his province.
A major archbishop is defined as the metropolitan of a certain see who heads an autonomous Eastern Church not of patriarchal rank. The canon law of such a Church differs only from that regarding a patriarchal Church. Within major archiepiscopal churches, there may be ecclesiastical provinces headed by metropolitan bishops. There are autonomous Eastern Catholic Churches consisting of a single province and headed by a metropolitan. Metropolitans of this kind are to obtain the pallium from the Pope as a sign of his metropolitan authority and of his Church's full communion with the Pope, only after his investment with it can he convoke the Council of Hierarchs and ordain the bishops of his autonomous Church. In his autonomous Church it is for him to ordain and enthrone bishops and his name is to be mentioned after that of the Pope in the liturgy. In the Eastern Orthodox Churches, the title of metropolitan is used variously, in terms of rank and jurisdiction. In terms of rank, in some Eastern Orthodox Churches metropolitans are ranked above archbishops in precedence, while in others that order is reversed.
Primates of autocephalous Eastern Orthodox Churches below patriarchal rank are designated as archbishops. In the Greek Orthodox Churches, archbishops are ranked above metropolitans in precedence; the reverse is true for some Slavic Orthodox Churches and for Romanian Orthodox Church, where metropolitans rank above archbishops and the title can be used for important regional or historical sees. In terms of jurisdiction, there are two basic types of metropolitans in Eastern Orthodox Church: real metropolitans, with actual jurisdiction over their ecclesiastical provinces, honorary metropolitans who
In the Anglican Communion and the Roman Catholic Church as well as some Lutheran denominations, a rural dean is a member of clergy who presides over a "rural deanery". In some Church of England dioceses rural deans have been formally renamed as area deans; the title "dean" may derive from the custom of dividing a hundred into ten tithings, not least as rural deaneries corresponded with the hundreds or commotes or cantrefi in Wales. Many rural deaneries retain these ancient names; the first mention of rural deans comes from a law made by Edward the Confessor, which refers to the rural dean being appointed by the bishop “to have the inspection of clergy and people from within the district to which he was incumbent… to which end had power to convene rural chapters.” The first known rural dean is Robert de Eclesfield, appointed to the position in the diocese of York in 1148. In medieval times rural deans acted as officers of the diocesan bishop and prepared business for the archdeacons to determine at their visitations.
Archdeacons took over most of the duties of rural deans and the office was allowed to become a sinecure by the 16th century. In the Church of England, the office of rural dean was revived by the Bishop of Norwich in 1836/1837. During the nineteenth century the office became more significant, by the middle of the century rural deaneries were established in law, which made provision for the modification of deanery boundaries, through the provisions of the Archdeaconries and Rural Deaneries Act of 1874. Canon C23 sets out the legal basis of the current role of rural deans, it sets out that rural deans will report to the bishop on significant matters, including illness and vacancies, will investigate if there are problems in the parish. It sets out that the rural dean will be joint chair, with the Lay Chair, of the deanery synod; the current role of the rural dean has been summarised by the Diocese of Chichester as: helping the Bishop in his episcope and care of the deanery providing a supportive and collaborative leadership for mission and ministry in the deanery convening Chapter and co-chairing Deanery Synod and its work.
It is becoming common to appoint assistant rural deans, to reduce the workload of rural deans. The Church of England Measure 2000 2.12 allows the diocesan bishop to rename a rural dean as an area dean. In the Roman Catholic Church, a dean or rural dean is a priest pastor of a parish within the deanery area; the dean serves as a liaison between the diocesan bishop and the priests and parishes of the deanery, chairs meetings of the clergy of the deanery. He serves many of the same functions, with somewhat less canonical authority, than an episcopal vicar does. Dean Archpriest for historical context
Canterbury is a historic English cathedral city and UNESCO World Heritage Site, situated in the heart of the City of Canterbury, a local government district of Kent, England. It lies on the River Stour; the Archbishop of Canterbury is the primate of the Church of England and the worldwide Anglican Communion owing to the importance of St Augustine, who served as the apostle to the pagan Kingdom of Kent around the turn of the 7th century. The city's cathedral became a major focus of pilgrimage following the 1170 martyrdom of Thomas Becket, although it had been a well-trodden pilgrim destination since the murder of St Alphege by the men of King Canute in 1012. A journey of pilgrims to Becket's shrine served as the frame for Geoffrey Chaucer's 14th century classic The Canterbury Tales. Canterbury is a popular tourist destination: one of the most-visited cities in the United Kingdom, the city's economy is reliant upon tourism; the city has been occupied since Paleolithic times and served as the capital of the Celtic Cantiaci and Jute Kingdom of Kent.
Many historical structures fill the area, including a city wall founded in Roman times and rebuilt in the 14th century, the ruins of St Augustine's Abbey and a Norman castle, the oldest extant school in the world, the King's School. Modern additions include the Marlowe Theatre and the St Lawrence Ground, home of the Kent County Cricket Club. There is a substantial student population, brought about by the presence of the University of Kent, Canterbury Christ Church University, the University for the Creative Arts, the Girne American University Canterbury campus. Canterbury remains, however, a small city in terms of geographical size and population, when compared with other British cities; the Roman settlement of Durovernum Cantiacorum occupied the location of an earlier British town whose ancient British name has been reconstructed as *Durou̯ernon, although the name is sometimes supposed to have derived from various British names for the Stour. In Sub-Roman Britain, it was known in Old Welsh as Cair Ceint.
Occupied by the Jutes, it became known in Old English as Cantwareburh, which developed into the present name. The Canterbury area has been inhabited since prehistoric times. Lower Paleolithic axes, Neolithic and Bronze Age pots have been found in the area. Canterbury was first recorded as the main settlement of the Celtic tribe of the Cantiaci, which inhabited most of modern-day Kent. In the 1st century AD, the Romans named it Durovernum Cantiacorum; the Romans rebuilt the city, with new streets in a grid pattern, a theatre, a temple, a forum, public baths. Although they did not maintain a major military garrison, its position on Watling Street relative to the major Kentish ports of Rutupiae and Lemanae gave it considerable strategic importance. In the late 3rd century, to defend against attack from barbarians, the Romans built an earth bank around the city and a wall with seven gates, which enclosed an area of 130 acres. Despite being counted as one of the 28 cities of Sub-Roman Britain, it seems that after the Romans left Britain in 410 Durovernum Cantiacorum was abandoned for around 100 years, except by a few farmers and decayed.
Over the next 100 years, an Anglo-Saxon community formed within the city walls, as Jutish refugees arrived intermarrying with the locals. In 597, Pope Gregory the Great sent Augustine to convert its King Æthelberht to Christianity. After the conversion, being a Roman town, was chosen by Augustine as the centre for his episcopal see in Kent, an abbey and cathedral were built. Augustine thus became the first Archbishop of Canterbury; the town's new importance led to its revival, trades developed in pottery and leather. By 630, gold coins were being struck at the Canterbury mint. In 672, the Synod of Hertford gave. In 842 and 851, Canterbury suffered great loss of life during Danish raids. In 978, Archbishop Dunstan refounded the abbey built by Augustine, named it St Augustine's Abbey; the Siege of Canterbury saw a large Viking army besiege Canterbury in 1011, culminating in the city being pillaged and the eventual murder of Archbishop Alphege in 19 April 1012. Remembering the destruction caused by the Danes, the inhabitants of Canterbury did not resist William the Conqueror's invasion in 1066.
William ordered a wooden motte-and-bailey castle to be built by the Roman city wall. In the early 12th century, the castle was rebuilt with stone. After the murder of Archbishop Thomas Becket at the cathedral in 1170, Canterbury became one of the most notable towns in Europe, as pilgrims from all parts of Christendom came to visit his shrine; this pilgrimage provided the framework for Geoffrey Chaucer's 14th-century collection of stories, The Canterbury Tales. Canterbury Castle was captured by the French Prince Louis during his 1215 invasion of England, before the death of John caused his English supporters to desert his cause and support the young Henry III. Canterbury is associated with several saints from this period who lived in Canterbury: Saint Augustine of Canterbury Saint Anselm of Canterbury Saint Thomas Becket Saint Mellitus Saint Theodore of Tarsus Saint Dunstan Saint Adrian of Canterbury Saint Alphege Saint Æthelberht of Kent The Black Death hit Canterbury in 1348. At 10,000, Canterbury had the 10th largest population in England.
In 1363, during the Hundred Years' War, a Commission of Inquiry found that disrepai