Carl Elis Daniel Block was Bishop of Gothenburg from 1929 till 1948. He was the half-brother of the mathematician Henrik Block and father of the doctor Erik Block and educator Bertil Block, he was a cousin of John Cullberg. Block was born in Öxnevalla in Älvsborg County, Sweden to Anders Herder Block, a contractor in Örby, Charlotta Elisabet Cullberg. Block graduated from the Gothenburg Higher Latin Language School on June 3, 1891, after which he studied in Lund in the fall of 1891, becoming a candidate of philosophy on January 31, 1895, he did his theoretical exam and practical theological exam on 14 December 1897 and a dissertation trial on September 8, 1910, where he introduced The judgment chapter in his dissertation titled "Kristologien i Hegelsk bearbetning". He became a doctor of theology on May 31, 1935, was elected on January 11, 1898. Carl Block became a church councilor in Borås on January 3, 1906, he was appointed as pastor in Mölndal on July 10, 1915, served as extraordinary chief predictor between 1919 and 1938.
He was elected bishop of Gothenburg on February 25, 1929. He became a bishop in Gothenburg on February 25, 1929, he remain bishop until his death in Gothenburg on 6 October 1948. Block married Elisabet Bolin on 4 September 1906, they had 5 children: Kerstin, Märta, Erik and Anna-Lisa
Nationalencyklopedin, abbreviated NE, is a comprehensive contemporary Swedish-language encyclopedia, initiated by a favourable loan from the Government of Sweden of 17 million Swedish kronor in 1980, repaid by December 1990. The printed version consists of 20 volumes with 172,000 articles; the project was born in 1980, when a government committee suggested that negotiations be initiated with various publishers. This stage was finished in August 1985, when Bra Böcker in Höganäs became the publisher responsible for the project; the project specifications were for a modern reference work based on a scientific paradigm incorporating gender and environmental issues. Pre-orders for the work were unprecedented; the last volume came out in 1996, with three supplemental volumes in 2000. Associated with the Nationalencyklopedin project are also: NE:s Ordbok, a dictionary in three volumes NE:s Årsband, complementary volumes concerning current events and fast changing information distributed annually since 1997 NE:s Sverigeatlas, an atlas of Sweden NE:s Världsatlas, a world atlas NE-spelet, a quiz game with 8,000 questions In 1997, the first digital form of the encyclopedia was released on 6 CD-ROMs, in 2000 as an Internet subscription service.
The online version contains the dictionary as well as an updated version of the original encyclopedia. It has 356,000 entries; the service has been completed with several features not available in the printed version, such as a Swedish–English dictionary. Nordisk familjebok Swedish Wikipedia List of online encyclopedias Nationalencyklopedin - Official site Svenska uppslagsverk - Christofer Psilander's comprehensive bibliography on Swedish encyclopedias
Carl Fredrik af Wingård
Carl Fredrik af Wingård was a Swedish Lutheran archbishop of the Church of Sweden, Professor at Uppsala University, politician. He served as Archbishop of Uppsala 1839–1851, he was holder of seat 10 in the Swedish Academy. His noble title was added to his family name Wingård in 1799, as he was the son of a bishop, Johan Wingård, who became his predecessor in the Diocese of Gothenburg, he was cousin to the poet Johan Börjesson. Af Wingård studied at the Uppsala University and became professor there in 1810. In 1818 he was ordained priest and 8 July 1818 he became bishop of Gothenburg. From all reports, af Wingård seems to have been a humanistic teacher and professor and caring towards students. Af Wingård was active against the alcoholism among priests, was one of the founders of the Sobriety Society of Gothenburg, established in 1830, he was elected a member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences in 1838. Order of the Seraphim Commander of the Order of the Polar Star Nordisk familjebok, article Wingård In Swedish
Centre Party (Sweden)
The Centre Party is a liberal and nordic agrarian political party in Sweden. Traditionally part of the Nordic agrarian family, the party has shifted its focus towards free market economics, environmental protection, gender equality and decentralisation of governmental authority; the party's major issues are national economy and integration and it is represented in all of the Riksdags parliamentary committees. The party was founded in 1913 as the Farmers' League. In 1922 it merged with the National Farmers' Union to become the Farmers' League; the party adopted its current name in 1957. At that time it had been the closest ally of the Swedish Social Democratic Party for 25 years, its coalition partners between 1936 and 1945 as well as between 1951 and 1957, but it has since revised this strategy in order to establish a closer long-term alliance between the centre-right parties, that achieved power between 1976 and 1982 and between 1991 and 1994. Thorbjörn Fälldin was the leader of the Centre Party and Prime Minister from 1976 until 1982, except a short interregnum in 1978–1979 by Liberal People's Party leader Ola Ullsten.
The Centre Party again joined a centre-right government following the 1991 election led by Moderate Party leader Carl Bildt. During the leaderships of Maud Olofsson and Annie Lööf in the 2000s the party has positioned itself on the political right as a small business-friendly party, leaning towards neoliberal and libertarian policies and viewing the Social Democrats as its main opponent. In 2005 the Centre Party sold its ownership of the newspaper group Centertidningar AB for 1.8 billion SEK, thus making it – at the time – the richest political party in the world. The 2006 Swedish election was a success for the Centre Party, its support had been increasing through recent elections. In the 2006 elections 7.88% of the vote went to the Centre Party, entitling them to 29 of the 349 seats in the Swedish Riksdag. Furthermore, their alliance with the other parties in the Alliance for Sweden, a coalition which won a majority of parliament seats in this election, meant that the Centre Party shared the ministry posts with their Alliance for Sweden allies: the Moderate Party, the Liberal People's Party and the Christian Democrats.
The strong victory by C in the 2006 election has been studied by political scientist Dr. Lina M. Eriksson. Who in her dissertation from the Department of Government at Uppsala University, entitled "Natural Disasters and National Election", performs a rigorous statistical analysis of election data combined with interviews with Maud Olofsson, Eskil Erlandsson, Ulrica Messing and Mona Sahlin. Dr, Eriksson's research finds that both the Indian Ocean's 2004 Boxing Day Tsunami and 2005 Storm Gudrun, which struck only two weeks following the tsunami, are major events that impacted government popularity in the 2006 election and contributed to the redistribution of voter support and across party-blocs, with interesting results for C. "The core findings from this thesis show that the Social Democratic government’s poor crisis response to Gudrun, the hitherto most costly natural disaster in Swedish history, alone has an estimated effect of a magnitude that contributed to the 2006 historic regime shift, while the tsunami seems to have mattered.
The tsunami is interesting, as S’s poor international crisis response to the event constitutes the first natural disaster situation to knowingly have affected an election on the other side of the planet. Moreover, to some degree voters recognized the active opposition by C as effective representation and rewarded the party for its strong stance on the poor handling of both events by S. In fact, the active voice of C concerning these disasters helped move the party from the periphery of party politics to becoming the third-largest party in Swedish politics". Part of the dissertation has been published in Electoral Studies, to be considered the leading scientific journal in election research. In the article long-term effects are found over the 2010 and 2014 election, which implies that the Storm, in particular, triggered long-lasting changes in voter support from the left to the right side of the political spectrum. A comprehensive summary of the dissertation is available for download via Uppsala University.
Centerpartiet has in both liberal and conservative medias been described as one of Sweden's most market liberal parties. However, the party describes themselves as a party with a green and earthy liberalism; the party leadership has many times taken distance from libertarianism. The party advocates lower taxes reduced employer contributions, a freer market and an increased RUT-deductioned; the party is a big advocator for small-business and entrepreneurs. They want to invest in the infrastructure and transportation so employees could work in bigger cities but still live in the rural areas. On economic policy, they've described their opponents to be the Swedish Social Democratic Party and the Sweden Democrats. Centerpartiet is a liberal immigration party, who stands that they want to combine a generous immigration policy with an more restrictive contribution policy to the immigrants. After the big immigration wave in autumn 2015, the party proposed to replace the existing establishment grants with establishment loans, similar to the Swedish student loans.
The party is clear with the responsibility of Sweden to receiving refugees but the responsibility of the immigran
Johan Wingård was a Swedish Lutheran bishop of the Diocese of Gothenburg of the Church of Sweden, as well as first holder of chair no. 6 of the Swedish Academy. He served as Member of the Riksdag. Johan Wingård was born in 1738 in Sweden, to Didrik Hansson Wingård and Inger Helena, his family included several clergy. He married Fredrika af Darelli, their issue included sv: Johanna Helena Wrangel, Carl Fredrik af Wingård. Johan Wingård studied at Hvitfeldtska gymnasiet and Uppsala University, from where he received a Doctor of Theology in 1779, he was ordained priest in Saint James's Church in Stockholm in 1766, appointed Vicar in 1775, bishop of the Diocese of Gothenburg in 1780. He served at the royal court of Queen Louisa Ulrika, whose funeral he held in the Riddarholm Church, he was the father of Archbishop of the Church of Sweden. Bishop Johan Wingård attended the Riksdag of Sweden in 1778, 1786, 1789, 1792, 1800, he was the first holder of chair No. 6 of the Swedish Academy, a member of the Swedish Order of Freemasons, a fellow of Pro Patria.
Sweden: Commander of the Order of the Polar Star Sweden: Knight of the Order of Charles XIII Sweden: Chair no. 6 of the Swedish Academy Berättelser ur Göteborgs Historia under Gustavianska tiden, Hugo Fröding, Wald. Zachrissons Boktryckeri, Göteborg 1922 s.136-141 Nordisk Familjebok Porträtt av biskopar i sin tid, professor Anders Jarlert, Göteborgs stiftshistoriska sällskap, Tre Böcker Förlag, Göteborg 1997 ISBN 91-7029-337-6 s. 48-49 Vilhelm Fredrik Palmblad, Biographiskt Lexicon öfver namnkunnige svenska män: Wa - Win, P. M. Lindhs förlag, Uppsala, 1852 Matrikel öfwer dem af Swea-Rikes ridderskap och adel, som från år 1794 till närwarande tid blifwit introducerade, samt adopterade, och i riddare-klassen flyttade, Carl Fredrik Rothlieb & Johan Adam Rehbinder, Stockholm, 1807 s. 110f
Swedish Evangelical Mission
The Swedish Evangelical Mission is an independent organization within the Church of Sweden. Established on 7 May 1856, it cooperates with independent churches, Christian councils and other partners in Eritrea, India, the Sudan and Tanzania; the focus is on relationships and to communicate the gospel. Media related to Swedish Evangelical Mission at Wikimedia Commons The Swedish Evangelical Mission's website
Church of Sweden Abroad
The Church of Sweden Abroad, is an institution of the Evangelical Lutheran Church of Sweden. The Church of Sweden Abroad has more than 40 parishes throughout the world, concentrated in Western Europe. Another 80 cities are served by visiting clergy. In administration and practice SKUT forms a single body under the direction of a committee of the General Synod, but since 1 January 2012 organised by a newly formed Council, giving SKUT many of the features of a diocese, though without that legal status, without a bishop of its own. Instead, it is placed under the episcopal oversight of the Bishop of Visby. Under the new 2012 organisation SKUT has gained constituent seats on the General Synod of the Church of Sweden, like the 13 mainland dioceses; the first parish established abroad was that of Paris, which dates from 1626 when the Roman Catholic king of France, Louis XIII, allowed a Swedish Protestant pastor to minister to the Swedish and German regiments fighting in his royal army. The congregation developed with the Swedish community in Paris and was at the foundation of several Swedish institutions in the city, such as a school and an hospice.
It served as embassy church for several hundred years, until 1988 the rector was an official of the Swedish embassy in Paris. Today the Swedish Sofia Parish, named for queen Sofia of Nassau, is one of SKUT's largest, it was the first expatriate parish of the Church of Sweden to appoint a female rector, the Reverend Karin Burstrand. The 2012 restructuring of SKUT gave the organisation a quasi-diocesan nature, including a governing Council, seats on the General Synod. At the same time, staffing was reviewed with a total reduction of 25%; the locations of overseas parishes were reviewed, with significant changes made, including the closure of two parishes in Spain, the replacing of the Cairo parish with a mobile priest in north Africa, closures in Antwerp and northern Denmark, the closure of the Swedish Seamen's Church in Lower Road, London. London had been the only city outside Sweden to have two Church of Sweden parishes; the other SKUT parish in London remains open and active, but the total number of church staff in London was reduced from 2 priests and 4 pastoral assistants, to 2 priests and 1 pastoral assistant.
The following year SKUT closed its only other United Kingdom parish, in Liverpool, discontinued the parish priest's post in that city. Meanwhile, several new parishes have opened in Asia. SKUT has traditionally employed ordained priests in overseas parishes, supported by some professional lay workers. During 2011, a decision was made to employ full-time ordained deacons to work in areas of social care and outreach; this is a normal part of church life in Sweden, but had not been practiced in the overseas parishes. The Archbishop's annual report and review of 2011 stated: "The Committee for the Church of Sweden Abroad made a historic decision in 2011 by setting up deacon posts; these can ensure that the parish develops favourably. Through solid parish welfare services, the Church of Sweden Abroad gains trust and is able to serve its members in the way that it should; the decision was made following a study." AfricaA peripatetic priest is assigned to AfricaThere are no longer any fixed parishes in Africa.
AsiaA peripatetic priest is assigned to Asia Bangkok, Thailand Phuket, Thailand Dubai, United Arab Emirates Hong Kong, China Jerusalem Singapore, SingaporeEurope Athens, Greece Ayia Napa, Cyprus Berlin, Germany Bern, Switzerland Brussels, Belgium Copenhagen, Denmark Frankfurt, Germany Fuengirola, Spain Genera, Switzerland Hamburg, Germany Helsinki, Finland Lausanne, Switzerland London, United Kingdom Los Cristianos, Spain Monaco Munich, Germany Oslo, Norway Palma de Mallorca, Spain Paris, France Rhodes, Greece Rome, Italy Rotterdam, Netherlands Tallinn, Estonia Torrevieja, Spain Vienna, Austria Zurich, SwitzerlandNorth America Florida, United States Los Angeles, United States New York City, United States San Francisco, United States Washington DC, United States Toronto, CanadaOceaniaMelbourne, Australia Sydney, AustraliaSouth AmericaA peripatetic priest is assigned to South America Buenos Aires, Argentine São Paulo, Brazil Diocese of Visby Finnish Seamen's Mission Scandinavian churches in London Norwegian Seamen’s Church Danish Seamen’s Church and Church Abroad Sweden Website