Corringham is a civil parish in the West Lindsey district of Lincolnshire, England. It is situated 10 miles south of Scunthorpe. Corringham comprises the two contiguous villages of Great Corringham and Little Corringham and at the 2011 census had a recorded population of 523; the hamlet of Yawthorpe lies due east of the village, that of Bonsdale to the north. Gowin Knight, the first principal librarian of the British Museum was born here in 1713. Media related to Corringham, Lincolnshire at Wikimedia Commons Corringham, Genuki.org.uk
Wrawby is a village in North Lincolnshire, England. It lies 2 miles east of Brigg and close to Humberside Airport, on the A18; the 2001 Census recorded a village population of 1,293, in around 600 homes, which increased to 1,469 at the 2011 census. Wrawby is noted for its postmill; the village is shown as "Waregebi" in the Domesday Book, with the name thought to derive from Old Danish. It means "Wraghi's farmstead". Wraghi is connected to an old Swedish dialect word "vrage" meaning "mooring post". Domesday Book records that the village comprised a church with a priest and farmland, meadow land and woodland at the time of the Norman Conquest; the oldest surviving building in the village is the church of St Mary, Anglo-Saxon in origin. The current structure has pillars; the font is 14th-century with a carved Jacobean cover. The advowson of the church was donated to Clare Hall, Cambridge by Elizabeth de Burgo in 1348. There is an altar tomb of lords of the manor until the mid-17th century. A tapestry of "Christ blessing little children" hangs in the church.
Its manufacturer, Thomas Tapling of London, born in the village, donated it. He endowed the Parish Reading Room, hoping to provide the villagers the opportunity of an education; the Tyrwhitts held the lordship from late medieval times, in 1542 Robert Tyrwhitt is believed to have entertained Henry VIII lavishly at the manor house in nearby Kettleby. At the north-eastern boundary of Wrawby parish with Melton Ross is the site of an old gallows, reputedly placed there on the order of King James I as a warning to prevent bloodshed between the feuding Ross and Tyrwhitt families; the parish of Wrawby was enclosed in 1800–1805, with the land being divided between 43 owners, including the Earl of Yarborough, Clare Hall and the Elwes family. The greatest of the landowners, the Elwes family, held their estate in Wrawby until 1919. Although education had been provided for some of the Wrawby boys from the foundation of an old grammar school in the Tudor period, education for all the children of the village was not available until the building of the National School in 1842, at a cost of £433.
It was enlarged to accommodate the greater population of the village in 1895. The population had risen from 283 in 1801 to around 1400 in 1891; the school and master's house along with several other houses of the 18th century built of distinctive local brick remain. The local brick kilns on the outskirts of the village were demolished in the 1960s; the graveyard surrounding the church was closed in 1857 when a new cemetery was opened on a larger site on the outskirts of Brigg. The original vicarage house was burnt down in 1713; the oldest register in existence dates from 1675. A new vicarage was built in 1839. Wrawby church also served the township of Brigg until a new church was built there in 1872. There were additionally in the village an independent chapel, a Wesleyan chapel and a temperance hall. A new Methodist church was built in Chapel Lane, it served as a place of worship from 1885 until 2005. It is now a private house; the village was struck by an F1/T2 tornado on 23 November 1981, as part of the record-breaking nationwide tornado outbreak on that day.
Wrawby post mill stands on a small hill and can be seen on the approach to Brigg from the A18. The earliest record of a mill in Wrawby is 1585; the remaining one was restored to working condition in the 1960s. The mill, high on the Lincolnshire Wolds, is the last surviving post mill in Lincolnshire, indeed in the north of England, it was built around 1760 on the site of an earlier mill, part of the Elwes estate until 1910, when it was sold. It continued in operation until 1940. By 1961 the mill was ready to collapse; the restored mill reopened in 1965. The mill has since been refurbished, the first new sail being added on 1 June 2007 and a second subsequently. There is an intention to replace all four sails; the village has a church, a primary school, a garage, a care home for the elderly, a village hall that opened in the late 1990s. The village hall can be hired for functions and community activities; the post office, petrol station shop and a fish and chip shop have all closed down. The one remaining retailer is a farm shop on the main road, set up in 1967 to sell local produce.
In recent years some farm buildings have been sold for conversion into housing such as the chapel and the parish rooms. Some farmland has been sold as building land for new housing. One such is the Applefields site, due to provide 22 new homes; the village has the Wrawby Rovers. There is a village pamphlet, distributed monthly to all residents free of charge, informing them of what's going on in the community for the month ahead. Michael Wigglesworth, a New England clergyman who wrote the 1662 poem The Day of Doom, was born in Wrawby. Rev. Richard William Enraght, religious controversialist, was curate of St Mary's Church, Wrawby, in 1866–67. Joseph Shield Nicholson, was born in Wrawby. Carmel McCourt, was born in Wrawby. Media related to Wrawby at Wikimedia Commons Wrawby Community website and news Wrawby in Brigg Life Photos
Horncastle is a market town and civil parish in Lincolnshire, England, 17 miles east of the county town of Lincoln. Horncastle had a population of 6,815 at the 2011 Census. Although fortified, Horncastle was not on any important Roman roads, which suggests that the River Bain was the principal route of access. Roman Horncastle has become known as Banovallum – this name has been adopted by several local businesses and by the town's secondary modern school. But, the Roman name for the settlement is not known: Banovallum was suggested in the 19th century through an interpretation of the Ravenna Cosmography, a 7th-century list of Roman towns and road-stations. Banovallum may have been Caistor; the Roman walls remain in places – one section is on display in the town's library, built over the top of the wall. The Saxons called the town Hyrnecastre. Horncastle is listed in the 1086 Domesday Book as consisting of 41 households, including 29 villagers and twelve smallholders, had 100 acres of meadow and two mills, all belonging to King William.
Dating from the 13th century prior to the Reformation, the Anglican parish church is dedicated to Saint Mary. In the Early English style, it is a Grade II*listed building, it was extensively restored between 1861 by Ewan Christian. Four miles from Horncastle is the village of Winceby. During the 1643 Battle of Winceby – which helped to secure Lincolnshire for Parliament – leader Oliver Cromwell was killed. Local legend has it that the thirteen scythe blades, which hang on the wall of the south chapel of St. Mary's Church, were used as weapons at Winceby; this story is regarded as apocryphal. The accepted historical opinion is that they date from the Lincolnshire Rising of 1536. Both theories about the origin of the scythes are discussed at Lincoln website. Horncastle was granted its market charter by the Crown in the 13th century, it was long known for its great August horse fair, an internationally famous annual trading event which continued to be held until the mid-20th century. It ended after the Second World War, when horses were no longer used for agriculture.
The town is now known as a centre for the antiques trade. The great annual horse fair was first held in the 13th century; the fair used to last for a week or more every August. In the 19th century it was the largest event of its kind in the United Kingdom; the slogan, "Horncastle for horses", was an indication of the town's standing in this trade. George Borrow set some scenes of his semi-autobiographical books Lavengro and The Romany Rye at the annual horse fair; the last horse fair was held in 1948. In 1894 the Stanhope Memorial, designed by E. Lingen Barker, was erected in the centre of the Market Place in memory of Edward Stanhope MP. Built of limestone, red sandstone and pink and grey streaked marble, it is a Grade II listed structure; the Grade II listed Old Court House, built in 1865, is in Louth Road. Since the late 20th century, the population has increased to 6,815 in its highest ever; the civil parish suffered a decline in population from the mid-19th to mid-20th century, as urbanisation and changes in agriculture attracted people to cities where more work was available.
Horncastle is twinned with Bonnétable, a ville de marché in the French département of Sarthe with a population of 4,000. The towns' relationship is commemorated by a Rue Horncastle in Bonnétable, a Bonnetable Road in Horncastle, it lies to the south of the Lincolnshire Wolds, where the River Bain meets the River Waring, north of the West and Wildmore Fens. The south of Horncastle is called Cagthorpe. Langton Hill is to the west, it used to be part of Horncastle Rural District in the Parts of Lindsey, but is now in the district council of East Lindsey, based in Manby, east of Louth. North of the town, the civil parish meets West Ashby and Low Toynton, south of Milestone House on the A153; the boundary skirts the east of the town, crossing Low Toynton Road, following the Viking Way meeting the River Waring. It follows north of the A158, to a caravan park, where it meets High Toynton. Southwards on Mareham Road it meets Mareham on the Hill, east of Stonehill Farm. South of the town, north of Telegraph House, it meets Scrivelsby, following High Lane westwards to cross the B1183, south of Loxley Farm the A153 and skirts the southern edge of the sewage works next to the River Bain where it meets Roughton.
It follows the Old River Bain west of the A153 northwards over the river meadows, crossing the Horncastle Canal. Eastwards it crosses the B1191, south of Langton Hill, it follows. It meets the B1190 where the pylons cross the road the A158 at the B1190 junction following Accommodation Road to the east, it skirts the north of the town following Elmhurst Road, passing south of Elmlea Farm. and straight through Elmhirst Lakes. At the River Bain near Hemingby Lane, it meets West Ashby. Lincolnshire Integrated Voluntary Emergency Service is based at the Boston Road Industrial Estate; the Lincolnshire Wildlife Trust is based in Banovallum House. Mortons of Horncastle is a major national magazine publisher of classic motorcycles and road transport heritage titles, situated in the south of the town on the industrial estate off the A153. An electoral ward of the same name exists; this ward includes Thimbleby and has a total population taken at the 2011 Census
Banbury is a historic market town on the River Cherwell in Oxfordshire, England. The town is situated 64 miles northwest of London, 37 miles southeast of Birmingham, 25 miles south-by-southeast of Coventry and 22 miles north-by-northwest of the county town of Oxford, it had a population of 46,853 at the 2011 census. Banbury is a significant commercial and retail centre for the surrounding area of north Oxfordshire and southern parts of Warwickshire and Northamptonshire which are predominantly rural. Banbury's main industries are car components, electrical goods, food processing, printing. Banbury is home to the world's largest coffee-processing facility, built in 1964; the town is famed for Banbury cakes -- oval in shape. The name Banbury derives from "Banna", a Saxon chieftain said to have built a stockade there in the 6th century, "burgh" meaning settlement; the Saxon spelling was Banesbyrig. The name appears as "Banesberie" in Domesday Book. Another known spelling was'Banesebury' in Medieval times.
During excavations for the construction of an office building in Hennef Way in 2002, the remains of a British Iron Age settlement with circular buildings dating back to 200 BC were found. The site contained around 150 pieces of stone. There was a Roman villa at nearby Wykham Park; the area was settled by the Saxons around the late 5th century. In about 556 Banbury was the scene of a battle between the local Anglo-Saxons of Cynric and Ceawlin, the local Romano-British, it was a local centre for Anglo-Saxon settlement by the mid-6th century. Banbury developed in the Anglo-Saxon period under Danish influence, starting in the late 6th century, it was assessed at 50 hides in the Domesday survey and was held by the Bishop of Lincoln. The Saxons built Banbury on the west bank of the River Cherwell. On the opposite bank they built Grimsbury, part of Northamptonshire but was incorporated into Banbury in 1889. Neithrop was one of the oldest areas in Banbury, having first been recorded as a hamlet in the 13th century.
It was formally incorporated into the borough of Banbury in 1889. Banbury stands at the junction of two ancient roads: Salt Way, its primary use being transport of salt, it continued through what is now Banbury's High Street and towards the Fosse Way at Stow-on-the-Wold. Banbury's medieval prosperity was based on wool. Banbury Castle was built from 1135 by Alexander, Bishop of Lincoln, survived into the Civil War, when it was besieged. Due to its proximity to Oxford, the King's capital, Banbury was at one stage a Royalist town, but the inhabitants were known to be Puritan; the castle was demolished after the war. Banbury played an important part in the English Civil War as a base of operations for Oliver Cromwell, reputed to have planned the Battle of Edge Hill in the back room of a local inn, the Reindeer Inn as it was known; the town was pro-Parliamentarian, but the castle was manned by a Royalist garrison who supported King Charles I. In 1645 during the Civil War, Parliamentary troops were billeted in nearby Hanwell for nine weeks and villagers petitioned the Warwickshire Committee of Accounts to pay for feeding them.
The opening of the Oxford Canal from Hawkesbury Junction to Banbury on 30 March 1778 gave the town a cheap and reliable supply of Warwickshire coal. In 1787 the Oxford Canal was extended southwards opening to Oxford on 1 January 1790; the canal's main boat yard was the original outlay of today's Tooley's Boatyard. Peoples' Park was set up as a private park in 1890 and opened in 1910, along with the adjacent bowling green; the land south of the Foscote Private Hospital in Calthorpe and Easington Farm were open farmland until the early 1960s as shown by the Ordnance Survey maps of 1964, 1955 and 1947. It had only a few farmsteads, the odd house, an allotment field, the Municipal Borough of Banbury council's small reservoir just south of Easington Farm and a water spring lay to the south of it; the Ruscote estate, which now has a notable South Asian community, was expanded in the 1950s because of the growth of the town due to the London overspill and further grew in the mid-1960s. British Railways closed Merton Street railway station and the Buckingham to Banbury line to passenger traffic at the end of 1960.
Merton Street goods depot continued to handle livestock traffic for Banbury's cattle market until 1966, when this too was discontinued and the railway dismantled. In March 1962 Sir John Betjeman celebrated the line from Culworth Junction in his poem Great Central Railway, Sheffield Victoria to Banbury. British Railways closed this line too in 1966; the main railway station, now called Banbury, is now served by trains running from London Paddington via Reading and Oxford, from London Marylebone via High Wycombe and Bicester onwards to Birmingham and Kidderminster and by Cross Country Trains from Bournemouth to Birmingham and Manchester. Banbury used to be home to a cattle market, situated on Merton Street in Grimsbury. For many decades and other farm animals were driven there on the hoof from as far as Scotland to be sold to feed the growing population of London and other towns. Since its closure in June 1998 a new housing development has been built on its site which includes Dashwood Primary School.
The estate, which lies between Banbury and Hanwell, was built in between 2005–06, on the grounds of the former Hanwell Farm. Banburyshire is an informal area centred on Banbur
Remigius de Fécamp
Remigius de Fécamp was a Benedictine monk, a supporter of William the Conqueror. Remigius' date of birth is unknown, although he was born sometime during the 1030s, as canon law in the 11th century required a candidate for a bishopric to be at least 30 years of age, he was named for Saint Remigius, the name was an unusual one for Normandy in that period. It may imply that he was always intended for a career in the church, may have been a child oblate, he was a monk at Fécamp Abbey, holding the office of almoner, although the information that he held that office only dates from the Ship List, a listing of ships used by William the Conqueror in the initial invasion of England in 1066. This list only exists in a mid-12th-century manuscript, but is a copy of an original list dating to right after 1066. Remigius was related to William in some unknown manner, he was related to Walter D'Aincourt, related to King William II of England. Both of these relationships are documented on a lead plate said by the antiquarian William Dugdale to have been found in the grave of D'Aincourt in Lincoln Cathedral.
The historian David Bates argues that the relationship to the Aincourt family is based on fact that the family held lands near Fécamp. Bates is less inclined to believe in any relationship to either William I or William II, but feels it isn't possible to rule it out either, due to the complex nature of the early history of the Norman ducal family. Bates speculates that whatever relationship may have existed between Remigius and King William may have been from Remigius' possible descent from an earlier ducal concubine; the medieval writer Henry of Huntingdon states that Remigius was a participant in the Norman Conquest of England, was at the Battle of Hastings in 1066. The Ship List states that Remigius contributed one ship and 20 knights to the invasion force used by William the Conqueror in addition to his presence at Hastings. However, as mentioned earlier, this list only survives from a 12th-century copy which originates from Battle Abbey, the monastery founded by King William to commemorate his victory at Hastings.
Battle was known to have manufactured documentary evidence to support its claims to lands as well as to have embellished the historical record to enhance its reputation. The Ship List's authenticity has been challenged, but the most recent editor of the manuscript feels that it is a copy of an earlier 11th-century listing, thus is accurate. A medieval writer, Gerald of Wales, involved in late 12th century attempts to have Remigius canonized, wrote a hagiography, or saint's life, of the bishop. In it, he stated that instead of contributing a ship and 20 knights on his own, Remigius was in charge of Fécamp's contribution of 10 knights to William's cause; this is unlikely to be accurate, as Gerald was attempting to secure the bishop's sainthood, thus reworked some incidents in Remigius' life to make the canonization more likely. Remigius was given the Bishopric of Dorchester in 1067; this was the largest diocese in England at the time, was the first bishopric to become vacant after the Norman Conquest.
Remigius was the first Norman to be appointed to an ecclesiastical post in England after the Norman Conquest. The reason for his appointment was his service to the new king for his donation of ships to the Norman Conquest; this led to accusations of the purchase of ecclesiastical office, against Remigius. Remigius was consecrated by Stigand, the Archbishop of Canterbury, sometime around 1067; the new bishop was present at the coronation of Matilda, William's wife, as queen in 1068. But in 1070, the arrival of papal legates led to problems for Remigius in regards to his consecration by Stigand; as part of the consecration, Remigius had made a profession of obedience to Stigand. However, shortly after Easter in 1070, the papal legates deposed Stigand, this action brought the acts of Stigand into disrepute, including the consecration of Remigius; the papal legates suspended the bishop from office, which did not prevent him from being present at the consecration of Lanfranc, Stigand's successor at Canterbury in August 1070.
Because of the uncertainty surrounding his consecration at Stigand's hands, Remigius had to receive papal absolution for the uncanonical consecration. Pope Alexander II deprived Remigius of his office, requiring Remigius to travel to Rome in order to regain his see, which he did in 1071. While at Rome, the issue of simony was brought up, with the evidence of his contribution of the ship and knights to William being put forward as evidence that he and William had an agreement to give Remigius a bishopric in return for the contribution of men and transport; the issue of Remigius' consecration by and profession to Stigand was brought up, in his defense the bishop claimed that he did not know of any issues concerning Stigand's own canonical status. Bates points out that in 1067, when Remigius was consecrated, the newly crowned king was attempting to conciliate and work with the native English. By 1070, the royal policy was no longer in favour of conciliating the English which would have put Remigius' actions in 1067 in a different light.
Another possible reason for Remigius' consecration by and profession to Stigand rather than to the more canonically sound Ealdred, the Archbishop of York was the claims that York had made in regards to Dorcester being in the archdiocese of York rather than in Canterbury. Remigius secured resinstatement to his bishopric, he owed his restoration to the intercession of Lanfranc, the new archbishop of Canterbury, who had petitioned Alexander for Remigius' pardon. But this was not the end of the matter, as in 1073, Remigius soug
Roman Catholic Diocese of Lincoln
The Roman Catholic Diocese of Lincoln is a Catholic diocese in Nebraska, United States, comprises the majority of the eastern and central portions of the state south of the Platte River. It is a suffragan; the episcopal see is in Nebraska. Bishop James D. Conley is the current ordinary of the Diocese; the Cathedral of the Risen Christ is the cathedral parish of the diocese. The diocese was established on August 2, 1887, by Pope Leo XIII from the territory taken from the Diocese of Omaha. In 1996, Bishop Fabian Bruskewitz issued a statement forbidding Catholics in the diocese to join a number of organizations, including the Society of St. Pius X, Call to Action, Planned Parenthood, Catholics for a Free Choice, the Hemlock Society, various Masonic groups, under pain of excommunication. In 2006, the Diocese rejected the proposed undertaking of an audit by the National Review Board of the United States Conference of Catholic Bishops - which would have examined whether the Diocese had implemented national guidelines on sex-abuse programs In June 2014, the chairman of the U.
S. Conference of Catholic Bishops' National Review Board for the protection of children reported that the Lincoln diocese was the only one in the United States that had yet to comply with the USCCB's charter requiring every diocese to submit its procedures for the protection of children to the Review Board for an audit. According to a 2015 statement by Conley, the Lincoln Diocese has complied with all church and civil laws on child-abuse reporting and child protection, he stated that the audit process had been improved and that the diocese would now therefore participate. The Diocese of Lincoln is the only diocese in the United States that does not allow female altar servers, after the only other holdout ended its prohibition on females in 2006. However, it was joined by a church in the Diocese of Phoenix in August 2011, when it was announced that girls would no longer be allowed to altar serve. Total population: 588,641 Catholic population: 96,625 Diocese patron: Immaculate Conception Priests: 150 Deacons: 3 permanent.
Buckinghamshire, abbreviated Bucks, is a ceremonial county in South East England which borders Greater London to the south east, Berkshire to the south, Oxfordshire to the west, Northamptonshire to the north, Bedfordshire to the north east and Hertfordshire to the east. Buckinghamshire is one of the home counties and towns such as High Wycombe, Amersham and the Chalfonts in the east and southeast of the county are parts of the London commuter belt, forming some of the most densely populated parts of the county. Development in this region is restricted by the Metropolitan Green Belt. Other large settlements include the county town of Aylesbury, Marlow in the south near the Thames and Princes Risborough in the west near Oxford; some areas without direct rail links to London, such as around the old county town of Buckingham and near Olney in the northeast, are much less populous. The largest town is Milton Keynes in the northeast, which with the surrounding area is administered as a unitary authority separately to the rest of Buckinghamshire.
The remainder of the county is administered by Buckinghamshire County Council as a non-metropolitan county, four district councils. In national elections, Buckinghamshire is considered a reliable supporter of the Conservative Party. A large part of the Chiltern Hills, an Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty, runs through the south of the county and attracts many walkers and cyclists from London. In this area older buildings are made from local flint and red brick. Many parts of the county are quite affluent and like many areas around London this has led to problems with housing costs: several reports have identified the market town of Beaconsfield as having among the highest property prices outside London. Chequers, a mansion estate owned by the government, is the country retreat of the incumbent Prime Minister. To the north of the county lies rolling countryside in the Vale of Aylesbury and around the Great Ouse; the Thames forms part of the county’s southwestern boundary. Notable service amenities in the county are Pinewood Film Studios, Dorney rowing lake and part of Silverstone race track on the Northamptonshire border.
Many national companies have offices in Milton Keynes. Heavy industry and quarrying is limited, with agriculture predominating after service industries; the name Buckinghamshire means The district of Bucca's home. Bucca's home refers to Buckingham in the north of the county, is named after an Anglo-Saxon landowner; the county has been so named since about the 12th century. The history of the area predates the Anglo-Saxon period and the county has a rich history starting from the Celtic and Roman periods, though the Anglo-Saxons had the greatest impact on Buckinghamshire: the geography of the rural county is as it was in the Anglo-Saxon period. Buckinghamshire became an important political arena, with King Henry VIII intervening in local politics in the 16th century and just a century the English Civil War was reputedly started by John Hampden in mid-Bucks; the biggest change to the county came in the 19th century, when a combination of cholera and famine hit the rural county, forcing many to migrate to larger towns to find work.
Not only did this alter the local economic situation, it meant a lot of land was going cheap at a time when the rich were more mobile and leafy Bucks became a popular rural idyll: an image it still has today. Buckinghamshire is a popular home for London commuters, leading to greater local affluence; the expansion of London and coming of the railways promoted the growth of towns in the south of the county such as Aylesbury and High Wycombe, leaving the town Buckingham itself to the north in a relative backwater. As a result, most county institutions are now based in the south of the county or Milton Keynes, rather than in Buckingham; the county can be split into two sections geographically. The south leads from the River Thames up the gentle slopes of the Chiltern Hills to the more abrupt slopes on the northern side leading to the Vale of Aylesbury, a large flat expanse of land, which includes the path of the River Great Ouse; the county includes parts of two of the four longest rivers in England.
The River Thames forms the southern boundary with Berkshire, which has crept over the border at Eton and Slough so that the river is no longer the sole boundary between the two counties. The River Great Ouse rises just outside the county in Northamptonshire and flows east through Buckingham, Milton Keynes and Olney; the main branch of the Grand Union Canal passes through the county as do its arms to Slough, Aylesbury and Buckingham. The canal has been incorporated into the landscaping of Milton Keynes; the southern part of the county is dominated by the Chiltern Hills. The two highest points in Buckinghamshire are Haddington Hill in Wendover Woods at 267 metres above sea level, Coombe Hill near Wendover at 260 metres. Quarrying has taken clay for brickmaking and gravel and sand in the river valleys. Flint extracted from quarries, was used to build older local buildings. Several former quarries, now flooded, have become nature reserves; as can be seen from the table, the Vale of Aylesbury and the Borough of Milton Keynes have been identified as growth areas, with a projected population surge of 40,000 in Aylesbury Vale between 2011 and 2026 and 75,000 in Milton Keynes within the same 15 years.
The population of the Borough of Milton Keynes is expected to reach 350,000 by 2031. Buckinghamshire is sub-divided into civil parishes. Today Bucking