Baron is a rank of nobility or title of honour hereditary. The female equivalent is baroness; the word baron comes from a Late Latin barō "man. The scholar Isidore of Seville in the 7th century thought the word was from Greek βᾰρῠ́ς "heavy", but the word is of Old Frankish origin, cognate with Old English beorn meaning "warrior, nobleman". Cornutus in the first century reports a word barones which he took to be of Gaulish origin, he glosses it as meaning servos militum and explains it as meaning "stupid", by reference to classical Latin bārō "simpleton, dunce". During the Ancien Régime, French baronies were much like Scottish ones. Feudal landholders who possessed a barony were entitled to style themselves baron if they were nobles; these baronies could be sold until 1789 when feudal law was abolished. The title of baron was assumed as a titre de courtoisie by many nobles, whether members of the Nobles of the Robe or cadets of Nobles of the Sword who held no title in their own right. Emperor Napoléon created a new imperial nobility.
The titles could not be purchased. In 1815, King Louis XVIII created a new peerage system and a Chamber of Peers, based on the British model. Baron-peer was the lowest title, but the heirs to pre-1789 barons could remain barons, as could the elder sons of viscount-peers and younger sons of count-peers; this peerage system was abolished in 1848. In pre-republican Germany all the knightly families of the Holy Roman Empire were recognised as of baronial rank, although Ritter is the literal translation for "knight", persons who held that title enjoyed a distinct, but lower, rank in Germany's nobility than barons; the wife of a Freiherr is called a Freifrau or sometimes Baronin, his daughter Freiin or sometimes Baroness. Families which had always held this status were called Uradel, were heraldically entitled to a three pointed coronet. Families, ennobled at a definite point in time had seven points on their coronet; these families held their fief in vassalage from a suzerain. The holder of an allodial barony was thus called Freiherr.
Subsequently, sovereigns in Germany conferred the title of Freiherr as a rank in the nobility, without implication of allodial or feudal status. Since 1919, hereditary titles have had no legal status in Germany. In modern, republican Germany and Baron remain heritable only as part of the legal surname. In Austria, hereditary titles have been banned. Thus, a member of the reigning House of Habsburg or members of the former nobility would in most cases be addressed as Herr/Frau in an official/public surrounding, for instance in the media. Still, in both countries, honorary styles like "His/her Highness", "Serenity", etc. persists in social use as a form of courtesy. In Luxembourg and Liechtenstein, barons remain members of the recognized nobility, the sovereigns retain authority to confer the title Generally, all legitimate males of a German baronial family inherit the title Freiherr or Baron from birth, as all legitimate daughters inherit the title of Freiin or Baroness; as a result, German barons have been more numerous than those of such countries where primogeniture with respect to title inheritance prevails as France and the United Kingdom.
In Italy, barone was the lowest rank of feudal nobility except for that of vassallo. The title of baron was most introduced into southern Italy by the Normans during the 11th century. Whereas a barony might consist of two or more manors, by 1700 we see what were single manors erected into baronies, counties or marquisates. Since the early 1800s, when feudalism was abolished in the various Italian states, it has been granted as a simple hereditary title without any territorial designation or predicato; the untitled younger son of a baron is a nobile dei baroni and in informal usage might be called a baron, while certain baronies devolve to heirs male general. Since 1948 titles of nobility have not been recognised by the Italian state. In the absence of a nobiliary or heraldic authority in Italy there are, in fact, numerous persons who claim to be barons or counts without any basis for such claims. Baron and noble are hereditary titles and, as such, could only be created or recognised by the kings of Italy or the pre-unitary Italian states such as the Two Sicilies, Parma or Modena, or by the Holy See or the Republic of San Marino.
Beginning around 1800, a number of signori began to style themselves barone but in many cases this was not sanctioned by decree, while there was less justification in the holder of any large landed estate calling himself a baron. Both were common p
Antônio de Carvalho Barbosa, best known by the artistic name Tony Ramos, is a Brazilian actor. Ramos has played leading roles in major telenovela productions for more than four decades. Many of his most famous roles share the characteristics of morality. Many of Ramos' more recent starring roles in novelas have cast him playing non-Brazilians, including the Greek Nikos, the American Percival Farquhar, the Indian Opash, the Italian Antonio Mattoli. Ramos is fluent in English and Spanish, has some knowledge of Italian. Ramos' acting process does not involve internalizing the character's emotions. Tony Ramos was born in the son of Maria Antonia Barbosa, a teacher, he spent his youth in the country side of the Brazilian state São Paulo. Since he was a child, he expressed interest in acting and theater, drawing inspiration from Oscarito's films. In São Paulo, he made amateur theater while participating in the Teatro Cultura de São Paulo, where he staged plays for children, he holds a degree in Philosophy from the Pontifical Catholic University of São Paulo.
Tony Ramos is one of the most important actors in Brazil known for his work in telenovelas. His use of an Anglicized first name was common at the time he began his acting career, the name Ramos is the last name of a relative. Ramos was born in the country side of Paraná and spent his youth in Ourinhos in the country side of the state of São Paulo; as a boy, he dreamed of being an actor. When young Ramos watched the films of Oscarito, he wanted to be like him. While living in São Paulo, he performed in amateur theater with the Teatro Cultura Artística de São Paulo. At 16 years old, he was part of the musical team “Tony e Tom & Jerry” that made an appearance on the TV show Jovem Guarda. In 1964, he made his debut as an actor on television, appearing in skits on the program Novos em Foco, on the channel TV Tupi; the show served as a testing ground for rising young actors, after signing with TV Tupi, he participated in TV de Vanguarda, TV de Comédia and Grande Teatro Tupi. In 1965, Ramos appeared in his first novela, A Outra..
While at TV Tupi, he appeared in various other productions, among them: Antônio Maria the novela that gave his career a major boost. In 1977, Ramos moved at the same time moving to Rio de Janeiro. At Rede Globo, he consolidated his success, his first performance for the network was in the novela Espelho Mágico. In the same year, he shared duties as host of the musical program Globo de Ouro with the actress Christiane Torloni. By the end of the year he was starring in the novela O Astro, in which he took his first lead role at Rede Globo. During the novela, Ramos appeared in the first male nude scene in Brazilian novelas, despite the censorship of the military dictatorship in power at the time. In 1979, he starred in the novela Pai Herói. Afterwards, he joined the cast of the novela Chega Mais in the role of the grifter Tom, who despite the dubious nature of the character was the protagonist of the novela, beside Gelly, played by Sônia Braga. In 1981, he acted for the first time in a novela written by Manoel Carlos, playing the twins João Victor and Quinzinho in the novela Baila Comigo.
His performance, in which he distinguished the two characters without resort to makeup, using techniques of voice and posture to define the characters, was acclaimed by the critics. He co-starred in the novela Sol de Verão, in a sensitive portrayal of the deaf-mute Abel. In the novela Champagne, he played the son of a humble waiter, who had to fight to prove his father innocent of a false accusation of murder, he began a sequence of lead roles in novelas, among them the mysterious Pardel in the novela Livre para Voar, the hitman Riobaldo in the historical novela Grande Sertão: Veredas, the ambitious Cristiano in the remake of Selva de Pedra, the muddled taxidriver Tonico in Bebê a Bordo, the engineer Jorge in the miniseries O Primo Basílio, the bankrupt millionaire Edu in Rainha da Sucata, the biologist João in the miniseries O Sorriso do Lagarto, the lawyer Álvaro in Felicidade. In 1993, he hosted some episodes of Você Decide while participating in the novela Olho no Olho, in the role of Father Guido, who leaves the priesthood to fight a crime syndicate.
In 1994,he participated in the pilot of the series A Comédia da Vida Privada. In 1995, he starred in the novela A Próxima Vítima; the next year he returned to host Você Decide, in addition to joining the regular cast of the series A Vida Como Ela É and starred in the novela Anjo de Mim. In 1998, he was featured as one of the principal characters of the novela Torre de Babel as the ex-con Clementino, who begins the novela in prison for havin
Festival de Gramado
The Gramado Film Festival is an international film festival held annually in the Brazilian city of Gramado, Rio Grande do Sul, since 1973. Since 1992, it gives awards to Latin American films produced outside Brazil, it is the biggest film festival in the country. Officialized by the National Cinema Institute in January 1973, the Gramado Film Festival was launched at the Hydrangeas Festivity, where film exhibitions were promoted between 1969 and 1971; the efforts of the artistic community, the press and the locals made the initiative an official event. By the 1980s, it was the most important film festival of Brazil; the festival makes awards in 24 categories. Its awards, called "Kikitos", are 13 inches statuettes created by the artisan Elisabeth Rosenfeld. Best Picture Best Director Best Actor Best Actress Best Supporting Actor Best Supporting Actress Best Screenplay Best Film Editing Best Photography Best Original Music Score Best Art Direction Special Jury Award Popular Jury Award Best Picture Best Director Best Actor Best Actress Best Screenplay Special Jury Award Critics Award Popular Jury Award Troféu Oscarito Troféu Eduardo Abelin Troféu Cidade de Gramado Cinema of Brazil Gramado Tourism Guide Official website Complete coverage of the Gramado Film Festival Gramado City Guide
Milton Gonçalves is a Brazilian actor. He worked in many telenovelas, including A Cabana do Pai Tomás, Irmãos Coragem, O Bem Amado, O Espigão, Pecado Capital, Sinal de Alerta, O Pulo do Gato, Baila Comigo, Partido Alto, Mandala and Felicidade, he has worked as director in Escrava Isaura and O Bem Amado. Milton Gonçalves is one of the most famous black actors in Brazil, having collaborated twice with acclaimed director Hector Babenco. One notable role with Babenco was that alongside William Hurt and Raúl Juliá as a police chief in Kiss of the Spider Woman. Gonçalves started his career in an amateur group; as he moved to a professional group, he met Augusto Boal, looking for an actor to play an old black man. Joining Boal's Teatro de Arena, Milton Gonçalves found an open environment for political and artistic discussion, where he was not discriminated for his race. Gonçalves wrote four plays, one of, staged by the Teatro Experimental do Negro and directed by Dalmo Ferreira. "There I learnt everything.
It was fundamental for my comprehension of the world." A Black Movement activist, Milton Gonçalves tried a political career, in the 1990s, as a candidate to Rio de Janeiro state governorship. Father of actor Maurício Gonçalves, he is married to Oda Gonçalves since 1966. 2012 - Lado a Lado 2011 - The Silver Cliff 2011 - Zorra Total 2011 - Fina Estampa 2011 - Assalto ao Banco Central 2011 - Insensato Coração 2009 - Força-Tarefa 2008 - A Favorita 2006 - Cobras & Lagartos 2005 - América 2003 - Carandiru 2002 - Esperança 1999 - Orfeu 1997 - Four Days in September 1997 - Por Amor 1996 - O Rei do Gado 1995 - Irmãos Coragem 1992 - Kickboxer 3 1989 - Wild Orchid 1988 - Moon over Parador 1987 - Subway to the Stars 1986 - Sinhá Moça 1985 - Kiss of the Spider Woman 1984 - Quilombo 1977 - Lucio Flavio 1976 - Carioca tigre 1973 - O Bem-Amado 1972 - Vila Sésamo 1968 - O Bravo Guerreiro 1960 - Cidade Ameaçada Milton Gonçalves on IMDb Milton Gonçalves Bio
José Dumont is a Brazilian TV and movie actor, best known for his role as the family father in Behind the Sun, an award-winning film of director Walter Salles. More he has been lionised for his role as the slick artist agent-entrepreneur in the movie 2 Filhos de Francisco. Born in the state of Paraíba, in Brazilian Northeast, Dumont has the typical physique du rôle of its inhabitants, because of this is chosen for interpreting them, he began his award-studded acting career in the theater and cinema, in 1975. He became better known throughout the country by his noted participation in the films Lúcio Flávio – Passageiro da Agonia, directed by Hector Babenco in 1977, Gaijin, directed by Tizuka Yamasaki, in 1980, his first awards came in 1979, as the best actor in the film festivals of Gramado and Brasília, in O Homem que Virou Suco, directed by João Batista de Andrade, in the film festival of Cuba. In 2004 he was again awarded as best actor in Narradores de Javé. Dumont is very much sought after as an actor in TV series and soap operas.
He is in the permanent cast of Rede Globo. His most noted appearances were in América, Terra Nostra, Tocaia Grande, Guerra Sem Fim, Amazônia, A História de Ana Raio e Zé Trovão, Grande Sertão: Veredas, Corpo a Corpo, Padre Cícero, Fernando da Gata, Bandidos da Falange and Lampião e Maria Bonita, this last being his first TV appearance, with a role as lieutenant Zé Rufino in the story about the bandit Lampião. Tungstênio – Seu Nery Era o Hotel Cambridge – Apolo Trash – A Esperança vem do Lixo – Carlos A Hora e a Vez de Augusto Matraga – Padre Zequiel O Sonho de Inacim – Miguel 2 Filhos de Francisco Cidade Baixa – Lower City Olga Narradores de Javé – The Storytellers Abril Despedaçado – Behind the Sun At Play in the Fields of the Lord Running Out of Luck A Hora da Estrela – Hour of the Star Avaete, Seed of Revenge Os Trapalhões e o Mágico de Oróz – The Tramps and the Wizard of Oróz Memórias do Cárcere – Memoirs of Prison O Homem que Virou Suco Gaijin - Os Caminhos da Liberdade – Gaijin, a Brazilian Odissey Colonel Delmiro Gouveia Lúcio Flávio, o Passageiro da Agonia Morte e Vida Severina 2016 Velho Chico – Zé Pirangueiro 2015 I Love Paraisópolis – Seu Expedito Rufinno 2014 Milagres de Jesus – Job 2013 Dona Xepa – Esmeraldino Losano 2012 O Milagre dos Pássaros – Capitão Lindolfo Ezequiel 2012 Fora de Controle – Macieiro 2010 Ribeirão do Tempo – Romeu Fulgêncio 2008 Os Mutantes - Caminhos do Coração – Teófilo Magalhães 2007 Caminhos do Coração – Teófilo Magalhães 2007 Luz do Sol – Fausto 2006 Cidadão Brasileiro – Benvindo Ferraz 2005 América – Bóia 1999 Terra Nostra – Batista 1997 Mandacaru – Teco 1995 Tocaia Grande – Né Cachorrão 1993 Guerra sem Fim – Penteado 1991 Amazônia – Raimundo 1990 A História de Ana Raio e Zé Trovão – Mané Coxo 1990 Rosa dos Rumos – Antenor 1990 Pantanal – Gil 1988 Olho por Olho – Eurípedes Peçanha 1987 Carmem – Aluísio 1985 Grande sertão: veredas – Zé Bebelo 1985 De Quina pra Lua – Cróvis/Peixoto 1984 Corpo a Corpo – Darci 1984 Padre Cícero – Franco Rabelo 1983 Fernando da Gata – Fernando da Gata 1983 Bandidos da Falange – Valdir 1982 Lampião e Maria Bonita – Tenente Zé Rufino 1981 Morte e Vida Severina – Severino Candango Trophy, from Brasilia Festival 1998:'Best Actor", for"Kenoma" 1985:'Best Actor", for"Starring Hour" 1980:'Best Actor", for"The Man Who Turned Juice"Kikito de Ouro, of the Gramado Festival 1984:'Best Actor", for"The Ghostly Bahian" 1981:'Best Actor", for"The Man Who Turned Juice" 1980:'Best actor", for"Gaijin – the paths of freedom"Havana Festival 1980:'Best Actor", for"The Phantom Bahian"Brazilian Film Festival of Miami 1999:'Best Actor", for"Kenoma"APCA Trophy 1999:'Best Actor", for"Kenoma" José Dumont on IMDb José Dumont.
Biography. CAFRI Cinema site
Lima Duarte is a Brazilian actor. His stage name was given by his mother, a devout of Allan Kardec's Spiritism and Lima Duarte was the last birthname given to her spiritual mentor, he became most famous for the number of characters that he played in Brazilian soap operas, such as Zeca Diabo in O Bem Amado and Sinhozinho Malta in Roque Santeiro. He first appeared on Brazilian television in 1950, he worked as a voice actor in 1960s, being the voice of Top Cat, Wally Gator and Dum-Dum. He has worked with well-known Brazilian and Portuguese directors, such as Fábio Barreto, Paulo Rocha and Manoel de Oliveira. Soap Operas2017 - O Outro Lado do Paraíso.... Josafá Tavares 2015 - I Love Paraisópolis.... Dom Pepino 2010 - Araguaia.... Max Martinez 2009 - India – A Love Story.... Shankar 2007 - Desejo Proibido.... Mayor Viriato "Condor" Palhares 2007 - Amazônia, de Galvez a Chico Mendes.... Bento 2005 - Belíssima.... Murat Güney 2004 - O Pequeno Alquimista.... Filolal 2004 - Senhora do Destino.... Senator Vitório Vianna 2004 - Da Cor do Pecado....
Alfonso Lambertini 2002 - Sabor da Paixão.... Miguel Maria Coelho 2002 - O Quinto dos Infernos.... Conde dos Arcos 2001 - Porto dos Milagres.... Senator Vitório Vianna 2000 - Uga-Uga.... Nikos Karabastos 1999 - O Auto da Compadecida.... Bishop 1998 - River of Gold 1998 - Pecado Capital.... Tonho Alicate 1998 - Corpo Dourado.... Zé Paulo 1997 - A Indomada.... Murilo Pontes 1996 - O Fim do Mundo.... Coronel Ildásio Junqueira 1995 - A Próxima Vítima.... Zé Bolacha 1993 - Fera Ferida.... Major Emiliano Cerqueira Bentes 1993 - Agosto.... Turco Velho 1993 - O Mapa da Mina.... Delegado 1992 - Pedra sobre Pedra.... Murilo Pontes 1990 - Meu Bem, Meu Mal.... Dom Lázaro Venturini 1990 - Rainha da Sucata.... Onofre Pereira 1989 - O Salvador da Pátria.... Sassá Mutema 1985 - Roque Santeiro.... Sinhozinho Malta 1985 - O Tempo e o Vento.... Major Rafael Pinto Bandeira 1984 - Partido Alto.... Cocada 1982 - Paraíso.... João das Mortes 1980-1984 - O Bem-amado.... Zeca Diabo 1979 - Marron Glacê.... Oscar 1979 - Pai Herói.... Malta Cajarana 1977 - Espelho Mágico....
Carijó 1975 - Pecado Capital.... Salviano Lisboa 1974 - O Rebu.... Boneco 1973 - Os Ossos do Barão.... Egisto Ghirotto 1973 - O Bem-Amado.... Zeca Diabo 1971 - A Fábrica.... Pepê 1961 - Top Cat.... Top Cat / Spook 1961 - Sua Vida Me PertenceFilms2013 - A Busca 2012 - Colegas 2012 - E a Vida Continua... 2011 - Assalto ao Banco Central 2011 - Família Vende Tudo 2005 - 2 Filhos de Francisco 2003 - O Preço da Paz 2000 - Palavra e Utopia 2000 - O Auto da Compadecida 2000 - Me You Them 1998 - Rio de Ouro 1997 - Boleiros - Era uma Vez o Futebol 1997 - A Ostra e o Vento 1988 - Corpo em Delito 1987 - Lua Cheia 1983 - Sargento Getúlio 1979 - Kilas, o Mau da Fita 1979 - O Menino Arco-Íris 1977 - O Crime do Zé Bigorna 1977 - Os Sete Gatinhos 1976 - O Jogo da Vida 1976 - Contos Eróticos 1976 - A Queda 1974 - Guerra Conjugal 1968 - Trilogia do Terror 1963 - Rei Pelé 1958 - Chão Bruto 1957 - O Grande Momento 1957 - Paixão de Gaúcho 1955 - O Sobrado 1949 - Quase no Céu Lima Duarte on IMDb
Francisco "Chico" Díaz Rocha is a Mexican-born Brazilian actor. Francisco Díaz Rocha was born in Mexico City, he is the son of Juan Díaz Bordenave, a Paraguayan journalist and pedagogue, Maria Cândida, a Brazilian translator. He was raised in Rio de Janeiro, where their parents decided to live in 1968, he was married to actress Cecília Santana. He is married to actress Sílvia Buarque, with whom he has a daughter called Irene. Gabriela, Cravo e Canela Quilombo Avaete, Seed of Revenge The Man in the Black Cape Where the River Runs Black The Third Bank of the River Perfumed Ball Força de um Desejo Mango Yellow The Forest América Sonhos de Peixe Paraíso Tropical A Favorita O Contador de Histórias Gabriela Chico Díaz on IMDb