Han ten Broeke
Johannes Hermanus ten Broeke is a Dutch politician. As a member of the Peoples Party for Freedom and Democracy he has been an MP since November 30,2006 and he focuses on matters of foreign policy and the armed forces of the Netherlands. Ten Broeke studied political science with a specialization in international relations at Leiden University, european Council on Foreign Relations, Member Parlement. com biography Han ten Broeke personal website House of Representatives biography Peoples Party for Freedom and Democracy biography
Rail transport is a means of conveyance of passengers and goods on wheeled vehicles running on rails, known as tracks. It is referred to as train transport. In contrast to road transport, where vehicles run on a flat surface. Tracks usually consist of rails, installed on ties and ballast, on which the rolling stock, usually fitted with metal wheels. Other variations are possible, such as slab track, where the rails are fastened to a concrete foundation resting on a prepared subsurface. Rolling stock in a transport system generally encounters lower frictional resistance than road vehicles, so passenger. The operation is carried out by a company, providing transport between train stations or freight customer facilities. Power is provided by locomotives which either draw electric power from a railway system or produce their own power. Most tracks are accompanied by a signalling system, Railways are a safe land transport system when compared to other forms of transport. The oldest, man-hauled railways date back to the 6th century BC, with Periander, one of the Seven Sages of Greece, Rail transport blossomed after the British development of the steam locomotive as a viable source of power in the 19th centuries.
With steam engines, one could construct mainline railways, which were a key component of the Industrial Revolution, railways reduced the costs of shipping, and allowed for fewer lost goods, compared with water transport, which faced occasional sinking of ships. The change from canals to railways allowed for markets in which prices varied very little from city to city. In the 1880s, electrified trains were introduced, and the first tramways, starting during the 1940s, the non-electrified railways in most countries had their steam locomotives replaced by diesel-electric locomotives, with the process being almost complete by 2000. During the 1960s, electrified high-speed railway systems were introduced in Japan, other forms of guided ground transport outside the traditional railway definitions, such as monorail or maglev, have been tried but have seen limited use. The history of the growth and restoration to use of transport can be divided up into several discrete periods defined by the principal means of motive power used.
The earliest evidence of a railway was a 6-kilometre Diolkos wagonway, trucks pushed by slaves ran in grooves in limestone, which provided the track element. The Diolkos operated for over 600 years, Railways began reappearing in Europe after the Dark Ages. The earliest known record of a railway in Europe from this period is a window in the Minster of Freiburg im Breisgau in Germany
Antoinette Wilhelmina Lucas-Smeerdijk is a Dutch politician. As a member of the Peoples Party for Freedom and Democracy she was an MP from June 17,2010 to September 7,2016 and she was replaced by Daniël van der Ree. Lucas focused on matters of education and the flood control in the Netherlands. Lucas studied urban planning at Wageningen University, parlement. com biography Anne-Wil Lucas personal website House of Representatives biography Peoples Party for Freedom and Democracy website
NRC Handelsblad, often abbreviated to NRC, is a daily evening newspaper published in the Netherlands by NRC Media. NRC Handelsblad was first published on 1 October 1970 after a merger of the Amsterdam newspaper Algemeen Handelsblad, the papers motto is Lux et Libertas – Light and Freedom. In February 2006, NRC Handelsblad started a newspaper, nrc•next. Editor Folkert Jensma was succeeded on 12 December 2006, by Birgit Donker, after a dispute with the new owners Donker had to step down on 26 April 2010 and was replaced by Belgian Peter Vandermeersch. On 7 March 2011 the paper changed its format from broadsheet to tabloid, the circulation of NRC Handelsblad in 2014 was 188,500 copies, putting it in 4th place among the national dailies. In 2015 the NRC Media group was acquired by the Belgian company Mediahuis
Halbe Zijlstra is a Dutch politician of the right wing Peoples Party for Freedom and Democracy. He served as State Secretary for Education and Science in the first Rutte cabinet from 14 October 2010 until 5 November 2012, halbe Zijlstra was born in Oosterwolde, in the province of Friesland, where he attended secondary education at vwo level. He studied Sociology at the University of Groningen, after which he worked for several companies. Having been a member of Peoples Party for Freedom and Democracy since 1994, Zijlstra served as a member of the council of the city of Utrecht from 1998 to 2001. He was elected to the House of Representatives in the 2006 general election, in the House, he was his partys spokesman on care, sports, higher education and sciences and biotechnology. On 14 October 2010, Zijlstra was appointed as State Secretary for Education, additionally, Zijlstra initiated budget cuts in the culture sector, sharpening the conditions necessary to be eligible for government subsidies, and merging several cultural funds.
These measures saved a total of 200 million euros, after Ruttes first cabinet lost a motion of no confidence in 2012 and new elections were held, Zijlstra returned to the House of Representatives as chairman of his partys parliamentary group. In 2016, he announced he would not be available for a term as parliamentary group leader after the 2017 general election. Zijlstra resides in Wassenaar, a village just north of The Hague in the province of South Holland and he has been an active member of a carrier pigeon club
Stephanus Abraham Stef Blok is a Dutch politician of the Peoples Party for Freedom and Democracy. He is the Minister of Security and Justice in the Cabinet Rutte II since 27 January 2017, Blok previously served as a Member of the House of Representatives from 25 August 1998 until 23 May 2002, and again from 3 September 2002 until 5 November 2012. He became the Parliamentary leader of the Peoples Party for Freedom, on 5 November 2015 he became Minister for Housing and the Central Government Sector in the second Rutte cabinet. Blok served as Minister of Security and Justice after the resignation of Ivo Opstelten from 10 March 2015 until 20 March 2015, stephanus Abraham Blok was born on 10 December 1964 in Emmeloord, now in the Province of Flevoland. After attending Stedelijk Gymnasium Leiden, he studied Business Administration at the University of Groningen from 1977 until 1983, Blok worked for ABN AMRO from 1989 until 1998. He was a member of the council of Nieuwkoop from 1994 to 1998. Drs. S. A.
Blok Parlement & Politiek
Ard van der Steur
Gerard Adriaan Ard van der Steur is a Dutch politician and lawyer. He served as Minister of Security and Justice from 20 March 2015 until 26 January 2017, as a member of the Peoples Party for Freedom and Democracy he served as a Member of Parliament MP from 2011 until 2015. He focused on matters of judiciary and administrative law, Van der Steur served in the municipal council of Warmond from 2002 until 2006, and of its predecessor Teylingen from 2006 until 2014. During his period in the council, he chaired his party in both Warmond and Teylingen. On 26 January 2017, shortly ahead of the national elections and this way he avoided a vote of no confidence. Van der Steur studied law at Leiden University where he was a member of the Minerva student society, after graduating from Leiden University, Van der Steur started working as a lawyer at NautaDutilh. In 2006, Van der Steur became a partner at NautaDutilh, Ard van der Steur personal website Media related to Ard van der Steur at Wikimedia Commons
Karin Cornelia Josepha Straus is a Dutch politician and former human resource management employee and management consultant. As a member of the Peoples Party for Freedom and Democracy she has been an MP since October 26,2010 and she focuses on matters of financial arrangements for children and psychiatric care, and drug rehabilitation. She was a member of the council of Roermond from 1998 to 2003 as well as VVD fraction leader from 2002 to 2003. Since March 11,2010 she has again a council member of this Dutch Limburg municipality. In the meantime she was a member of the council as well as VVD fraction leader of the South Holland municipality of Midden-Delfland from 2004 to 2006. Straus studied public administration at Radboud University Nijmegen and organizational and management studies at VU University Amsterdam and she studied at Nyenrode Business University. Parlement. com biography Karin Straus personal website House of Representatives biography Peoples Party for Freedom and Democracy website