Lazaretta called Lazaretto, is an uninhabited island close to the northern coast of Crete in the Aegean Sea. It is located near the city of Chania and administratively, it is within the municipality of Chania, in Chania regional unit. List of islands of Greece
Gramvousa Grampousa refers to two small uninhabited islands off the coast of a peninsula known Gramvousa Peninsula in north-western Crete in the regional unit of Chania. The Gramvousa Peninsula forms the westernmost of the two pairs of peninsulae in north-western Crete and is the western part of Kissamos Bay; the Gramvousa islands are administered from the municipality of Kissamos. Imeri Gramvousa, which translates to Tame Gramvousa, hosts the remains of a Venetian fort and the remains of buildings left behind by Cretan insurgents, who were compelled to live as pirates during the Greek War of Independence. Today, Imeri Gramvousa is a popular tourist attraction. Agria Gramvousa, which translates to Wild Gramvousa, is much less hospitable and is located due north of Imeri Gramvousa, it has been named False Gramvousa. In ancient times the larger island was known as Korykos; the island was name "Gramvousa" in honour of Vousa, the wife of a pirate chief and the only inhabitant of the island to evade capture when the pirates were forcibly removed.
The fort at Imeri Gramvousa was built between 1579 and 1584 during Venetian rule over Crete to defend the island from the Ottoman Turks. The fort remained in Venetian hands throughout the prolonged Cretan War, in the treaty of 16 September 1669, which surrendered Crete to the Ottomans, along with the fortresses of Souda and Spinalonga, was retained by Venice; these three forts defended Venetian trade routes and were strategic bases in the event of a new Ottoman–Venetian war for Crete. On 6 December 1691, during the Morean War, the Neapolitan Captain de la Giocca betrayed the Venetians by surrendering Gramvousa to the Ottoman Turks for a generous bribe, he lived the rest of his life in Constantinople and was well known by the nickname "Captain Grambousas". Not long after the start of Turkish rule, Cretan insurgents used to gather at the three coastal forts which included Gramvousa. With the outbreak of the Greek War of Independence, the fort fell to the insurgents' hands. In 1823, Emmanouil Tombazis, the Greek provisional government's commissioner for Crete, failed to strengthen the defences at Gramvousa when he had the opportunity, soon after his arrival on the island.
Towards the summer of 1825, a body of three to four hundred Cretans, who had fought with other Greeks in the Peloponnese, journeyed to Crete. On 9 August 1825, led by Dimitrios Kallergis and Emmanouil Antoniadis, this group of Cretans, disguised as Turks, captured the fort at Gramvousa, which became their base; these and subsequent actions revitalized the Cretan insurgency, ushering the so-called "Gramvousa period". Although the Ottomans did not manage to retake the fort, they were successful in blocking the spread of the insurgency to the islands' western provinces; the insurgents were besieged in Gramvousa for more than two years and they had to resort to piracy to survive. Gramvousa became a hive of piratical activity that affected Turkish-Egyptian and European shipping in the region. During that period the population of Gramvousa became organised and they built a school and a church; the church was called Panagia i Kleftrina and was dedicated to the wives of the klephts, namely the pirates.
In 1828, the new Governor of Greece, Ioannis Kapodistrias, sent Alexander Mavrocordatos with British and French ships to Crete to deal with the pirates. This expedition resulted in the destruction of all pirate ships at Gramvousa and the fort came under British control. On 5 January 1828, on Kapodistrias' orders Hatzimichalis Dalianis landed at Gramvousa with 700 men. During the Cretan revolt of 1878, only the forts at Gramvousa, Spinalonga, Rethymnon, Izeddin and Kissamos could not be captured by the insurgents because they did not have the necessary artillery. There is a lagoon, named the Balos lagoon, between the coast of Crete. There is an islet which forms part of a cape, through the lagoon, called Cape Tigani. North of Balos, at the Korykon cape, are the ruins of the small ancient Roman city of Agnion, with a temple to the god Apollo. List of islands of Greece Maltezou, Chrysas A.. "Η Κρήτη κατα τη Βενετοκρατία". In Panagiotakis, Nikolaos M. Crete and Civilization. II. Vikelea Library, Association of Regional Associations of Regional Municipalities.
Pp. 105–162. Detorakis, Theocharis. "Η Τουρκοκρατία στην Κρήτη". In Panagiotakis, Nikolaos M. Crete and Civilization. II. Vikelea Library, Association of Regional Associations of Regional Municipalities. Pp. 333–436. Severin, The Ulysses Voyage: Sea Search for the Odyssey
Karga, is an uninhabited islet close to the northern coast of Crete in the Aegean Sea. It is located in Souda Bay opposite the islets of Palaiosouda and Leon. Administratively, it is in Chania regional unit. List of islands of Greece
Arnaouti is an islet on the northern coast of Crete in the Aegean Sea. It is just south of the island of Imeri Gramvousa and is located between Imeri Gramvousa and Valenti rock. Administratively, it is located in Chania regional unit. List of islands of Greece
Sitia is a port town and a municipality in Lasithi, Greece. The town has 9,912 inhabitants and the municipality has 18,318, it lies east of northeast of Ierapetra. Sitia port is on the Sea of Crete, part of the Aegean Sea and is one of the economic centers of the Lasithi region. European route E75, which ends in Vardø, starts in Sitia. Sitia is served by the Sitia Public Airport. Sitia has not experienced the effects of mass tourism though there is a long beach along the road leading to Vai and several places of historical interest; the municipality Sitia was formed at the 2011 local government reform by the merger of the following 3 former municipalities which became municipal units: Itanos Lefki, Lasithi SitiaThe municipality has an area of 627 km2, the municipal unit 277 km2. The province of Siteia was one of the provinces of Lasithi, its territory corresponded with that of the current municipality Siteia and the municipal unit Makry Gialos. It was abolished in 2006. There are a number of sites in the municipality of Sitia that are protected as National Parks, Aesthetic Forests, Wildlife Refuges etc. under national and international laws.
Notable examples are: Dionysades Islands which carry many rare and endangered plant species and serve as a refuge of several animal species, including the falcon, Falco eleonorae, which finds sanctuary here. Vai Palm Forest. Richtis Gorge and waterfall; the settlement of the town dates to pre-Minoan times. Excavations in the Petras neighbourhood have found architectural remains from the end of the Neolithic and continue through the Bronze Age 3000-1050 BC, including the Minoan palace of Petras. Several other Minoan settlements have been found within the municipality, notably Itanos and Mochlos. According to Diogenes Laërtius, Sitia was the home of Myson of Chen, one of the Seven Sages of Greece; the ancient Ητεία, written as Itia or Etea in English, appears to correspond to modern Sitia. The name Sitia itself is the result of rebracketing of the prefix "s-" < σε'at' + Ητεία. Sitia was founded by Minoans as Iteia, was a centre of refuge for native Cretans after the fall of the major Minoan settlements.
The city continued to prosper through the Classical, Hellenistic and Byzantine periods as one of the island's chief ports. The town was expanded and fortified by the Venetians after their acquisition of Crete in 1204, who used it as a base of operations for the Eastern Mediterranean. During the Venetian occupation, the town was destroyed three times: first by an earthquake in 1508 by the Turkish pirate Hayreddin Barbarossa in 1538, by the Venetians themselves in 1651; this final destruction took place in the context of the Cretan War in which the Venetians battled to retain their hold on the island against the Ottoman Empire. While Sitia did not fall in the initial Turkish advance the Venetians did not have the resources to withstand a long siege, accordingly destroyed the fortifications and removed the garrison to Heraklion; the local inhabitants meanwhile removed westwards to Liopetro and the site was subsequently abandoned for the next 200 years of Turkish rule. The main remnant of the Venetian occupation is the Kazarma, the old fortress overlooking the harbour.
After the Venetian period and subsequent abandonment the town was rebuilt until 1870 by the progressive Turkish governor Hüseyin Avni Pasha following the Cretan Revolt. It was subsequently created capital of the Sanjak of Lasit. Under Turkish rule the town was renamed Avniye in honour of its rebuilder, but as the local Greeks continued to use the traditional named of Sitia this innovation did not survive Independence. Despite the turbulent history of Crete in leaving the Ottoman Empire and joining Greece, as well as the First World War, the population quadrupled between 1881 and 1928. Major public works were carried out by the Greek government in 1911 to modernise the town, in the course of which much of the Ottoman era town was rebuilt, as well as a fresh water supply; the municipality of Sitia is served by the Sitia Public Airport which offers several domestic destinations. The first landing occurred on June 7, 1984 and the airport opened on June 9, 1984. Construction of new building facilities that included a control tower was completed in May 1993.
Runway and apron extension works were finished in May 2003. The local authorities have completed negotiations with international travel agents for organizing regular charter flights starting in May 2012. Local officials are under negotiations with the low-cost airline Ryanair. In addition, Sitia is served by a port which connects Sitia and eastern Crete with several other Greek islands as well as with the port of Piraeus; the town has a marina which accommodates smaller fishing boats and yachts. The General Hospital of Sitia was founded in 1947 as a local health center and was relocated to a new 7500m2 building and accordingly upgraded to serve as the main hospital for the municipality of Sitia and the surrounding area. Moni Toplou, founded in the mid 15th century, is one of the most significant monasteries in Crete. Kazarma fortress, in the town of Sitia. Gorge of the Dead. Various archeological sites with Minoan civilization settlements from the Bronze Age, such as in Itanos and Mochlos. Myson - philosopher Vitsentzos Kornaros - poet Stratis Kalogeridis - musician of local folk music Giannis Dermitzakis - musician of local fo
Paximadia are two small uninhabited islands in the gulf of Mesara located 12 km south of Agia Galini in Rethymno regional unit. They are in the Libyan Sea next to the southern coast of Crete. Due to their close proximity to one another, the two islands appear as one from a distance. Locals refer to the islands as Elephantaki because it looks like a baby elephant, lying down, in the water, with its trunk facing west; the name attributed to the islands today is due to their resembling dry Cretan biscuit known as Paximadi. In ancient Crete they were known as Dionysioi after the god Dionysus and as Letoai after the goddess Leto, worshipped at Phaistos, where she was known as Fitii in ancient times. In Cretan mythology it is believed that the goddess Leto gave birth to the god Apollo and the goddess Artemis on these islands. There are isolated sand beaches on these islands; the Paximadia islands played a central role in the German novel Der kretische Gast by Klaus Modick. List of islands of Greece
Dia pronounced locally Ntia, is an uninhabited island off the northern coast of the Greek island of Crete. The island is 7 nautical miles north of Heraklion. Administratively, Dia is part of the community of Elaia within the municipal unit of Gouves, Heraklion regional unit, by the municipality of Elias; the island was known as Standia, by juncture loss in the phrase στήν Δία. It was the principal port of Crete for centuries; the islet looks. There is a legend that a giant lizard tried to destroy the island of Crete, but Zeus turned it in to stone with a thunderbolt, thus creating the island; the island is visible from Crete's capital city of Heraklion, as it would have been in the time of the Minoan kingdom, from the capital of Knossos. Because of this, it was sometimes identified as the island that Theseus escaped to after killing the Minotaur. On Dia there are a number of protected creatures including: the snail Albinaria retusa, the lizard Podarcis erchardii schiebeli, the wild rabbit Oryctolagus cuniculus cnossius, Eleonora's falcon, known as mavropetritis in Greek.
Dia is a protected hunting ground. There are a number of protected plants such as Carlina diae. In 1976, Jacques Cousteau carried out underwater exploration around Dia and found the remains of an ancient port in the waters between Heraklion and Dia. List of islands of Greece