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SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Welsh Affairs Select Committee

The Welsh Affairs Select Committee is a select committee of the House of Commons in the Parliament of the United Kingdom. The remit of the Committee is to examine the expenditure and policy of the Wales Office, relations with the Welsh Assembly; the Committee's membership was agreed on 2 March 2020 and consists of: Following criticism of both an unfilled committee and an all-male lineup, Tonia Antoniazzi, Anna McMorrin, Simon Hoare, Liz Saville Roberts and Stephen Kinnock joined the committee in October 2017. Thelma Walker replaced Stephen Kinnock on 8 January 2018. Walker was replaced by Susan Elan Jones on 5 February 2018 following criticism of Labour allowing an MP for an English seat to sit on the committee. Guto Bebb joined the committee on 22 October 2018. Jack Lopresti joined the committee in November 2018. At the start of the 2015–2017 Parliament Committee's only membership was: During the 2015–2017 Parliament the following were members: Gerald Jones, Antoinette Sandbach, Christina Rees and Carolyn Harris were replaced by: Glyn Davies, Chris Elmore, Paul Flynn and Stephen Kinnock.

Source: Welsh Affairs Committee At the dissolution of the 2010–2015 Parliament, the committee's membership was: Occasionally, the House of Commons orders changes to be made in terms of membership of select committees, as proposed by the Committee of Selection. Such changes are shown below. At the start of the 2005–2010 Parliament, the committee's membership was: Changes between 2005 and 2010 are not known. Office vacant from 30 March 2015 to 18 June 2015 and from 3 May 2017 to 7 July 2017. Parliamentary Committees of the United Kingdom UK Parliament: Welsh Select Committee

Harper Mausoleum and George W. Harper Memorial Entrance

The Harper Mausoleum and George W. Harper Memorial Entrance are a pair of funerary structures in the village cemetery at Cedarville, United States. Commemorating one of Cedarville's wealthiest nineteenth-century citizens, they have together been named a historic site because of their distinctive Egyptian-style design. George W. Harper was born in 1825 into a family who had emigrated from Harper's Ferry, Virginia in 1812. Upon reaching the age of eighteen, after attending the common schools, Harper entered into business dealing cattle in Illinois and became wealthy. Having united into marriage in 1860, he and his wife joined the ranks of Greene County's largest landowners. Harper owned a bank in Cedarville, the George W. Harper Banking Company, which operated until being bought out by the Exchange Bank in 1896; the Harpers became educational benefactors: soon after Cedarville College was founded by the New Light Reformed Presbyterian Church circa 1900, the Harpers donated $5,000 to the college to endow a chair in economics.

Harper is commemorated post mortem by two structures in the Cedarville cemetery. Built in 1915, the entrance gateway to the cemetery and a family mausoleum in this rural cemetery are significant examples of Egyptian Revival architecture. Built of granite on stone foundations, The two are connected by the cemetery's main drive, which extends from the entrance at the gateway to a circular drive surrounding the knoll upon which the mausoleum is located. Harper's mausoleum includes structural elements such as columns whose capitals feature palm leaves, a cornice with a design of a vulture and sun disk, lotus flowers are depicted on the double bronze doors to the mausoleum; the gateway consists of granite posts supporting cast iron gates and topped with large granite spheres. In 1988, the Harper Mausoleum and Memorial Entrance were listed together on the National Register of Historic Places. Although cemetery properties are not eligible for inclusion on the National Register, exceptions can be made for distinctively designed cemetery components, the Harper structures were deemed to be important examples of early 20th century mortuary architecture, additional significance arises from their place at the heart and at the entrance to the cemetery: they produce a sense of place in cemetery visitors.

The properties are one of two Cedarville locations on the National Register, along with the village opera house on Main Street downtown

Birmingham Metropolitan College

Birmingham Metropolitan College is a further and higher education college with 10 campuses distributed within Birmingham, England. The college was created in 2009 as an amalgamation of Matthew Boulton College and Sutton Coldfield College; the main site is Matthew Boulton College based at Jennens Road in Birmingham City Centre. In addition to the existing campuses and facilities, there are proposals for the construction of a new campus in Perry Barr, although these plans are on hold due to funding issues; the college is a member of the Collab Group of high performing schools. The origins of Matthew Boulton College are related to the Municipal Technical School, located on Suffolk Street in Birmingham. Construction commenced on the college on 18 November 1893 and it was opened on 16 September 1895; the purpose-built premises were used by 34 staff and 2,000 students. The classes available were Chemistry, Mechanical & Electrical Engineering, Mathematics and Typography and Drawing. By the mid-1930s, a new site had been acquired in Gosta Green and another college called the College of Technology and Art was constructed, although construction was delayed by World War II.

The Gosta Green site became the UK's first College of Advanced Technology Aston University, receiving its royal charter in 1966. In 1957, it was decided to rename the separate Suffolk Street building and in November 1957, it became the Matthew Boulton Technical College, named after Matthew Boulton, a prominent local industrialist of the Industrial Revolution. During the 1950s and 1960s, a new college was constructed on Sherlock Street and the courses were moved there in a phased approach throughout the 1960s. By the late 1990s, these premises had become unfit for purpose and it was deemed uneconomic to refurbish them, so Matthew Boulton College sought a new location on Jennens Road in the Eastside area of the city in late 1999 close to the Aston University Campus; the 18,000-square-metre site was purchased by the college from Aston University in 2003 and a three-month demolition programme on the site commenced in September 2003. Construction started in January 2004 and was completed by July 2005 to allow the building to be opened to students for the new academic year in September 2005.

The project cost £37.9 million, £13.2 million was given by the Birmingham and Solihull Learning and Skills Council, the largest awarded in the Midlands and the second largest in the country to a college of further and higher education. Construction cost £23 million. Bond Bryan Architects were commissioned to design the scheme while Davis Langdon were appointed to manage the construction and costs of the project; the Sherlock Street buildings were purchased by the regional development agency Advantage West Midlands and were demolished in late 2008. Sutton Coldfield College originated in 1896 as a technical school expanded in 1964 as a further education college. Preparations for the further education college began in the 1950s when its purpose-built facilities at Lichfield Road were constructed. In 2003, plans were submitted to the Government for North Birmingham College Brooklyn Technical College, to be merged with Sutton Coldfield College; the plans were subsequently approved by Margaret Hodge.

North Birmingham College was dissolved with all of its property being transferred to Sutton Coldfield College on 1 August 2003, with the college buildings becoming the Great Barr campus. In 2006, plans were put before Parliament for the merger of Josiah Mason Sixth Form College and Sutton Coldfield College, they were approved by the Secretary of State and Josiah Mason College was dissolved on 1 August 2006, with its properties being transferred to Sutton Coldfield College. A new Sixth Form Centre, designed by SMC Hickton Madeley Architects, at the Lichfield Road campus was completed in 2001. Completed is an Amenities Building and a new entrance to the Design Centre; the 1950s buildings at the Lichfield Road campus underwent an extensive refurbishment in 2008 which saw the partial demolition of the Student Services building, reconstructed to become the Business Development Centre. In 2008, Matthew Boulton College and Sutton Coldfield College collaborated in providing courses. In the same year, they applied to the Government to allow the two colleges to merge, applied for funding from the Learning and Skills Council for the construction of a new £42 million campus on a former dairy site alongside the River Tame, in Perry Barr, named the Riverside.

To allow the merger of the two colleges, Matthew Boulton College was dissolved and all of its properties transferred to Sutton Coldfield College. The merger to create'Birmingham Metropolitan College' was approved by the Secretary of State in June 2009 and came into effect from 1 August 2009. Upon the merger, the new college had a combined student population of 27,000, making it one of the largest further and higher education institutions in the United Kingdom. Before the 2013–2014 academic year, the college prohibited garments obscuring the face, for which it was congratulated by the Prime Minister, David Cameron. Birmingham Metropolitan College manages eight campuses within Birmingham, most of them the result of previous college mergers; the main site is Matthew Boulton College in Birmingham City Centre. Sutton Coldfield College at Lichfield Road in Sutton Coldfield is home to the college's administrative offices, a sixth form college and further education facilities; the buildings were constructed in the 1950s as purpose-built structure although the college obtained the Grade II* listed Moat House, built in the 17th century by

MPA – the Association of Magazine Media

MPA – The Association of Magazine Media is a nonprofit trade association for the magazine media industry. MPA was known as Magazine Publishers Association until 2010. MPA is the industry trade association for multi-platform magazine media companies. Established in 1919, MPA represents 175 domestic magazine media companies with more than 900 titles 30 international companies, more than 100 associate members. Staffed by magazine media specialists, MPA is headquartered in New York, New York, with a government affairs office in Washington, DC. MPA hosts an annual conference, known as AMMC or the American Magazine Media Conference, for magazine media professionals. During the conference, media professionals discuss the future of the magazine media industry, both print and digital, including challenges and opportunities. MPA administers the Publishers Information Bureau, which releases consumer magazine advertising data on a monthly basis. PIB data is a trusted source of data for many news organizations, is used to report on the state of the consumer magazine industry.

Annually MPA and the American Society of Magazine Editors host the National Magazine Awards known as The Ellies

Appel au peuple

The Appel au peuple was a Bonapartiste parliamentary group during the early years of the French Third Republic. They advocated a plebiscite by which the people would choose the form of government, which they assumed would be a revival of the Second French Empire, they were a significant force in the 1870s and 1880s They were associated with Boulangism and the right-wing Ligue des Patriotes. There was a brief revival of the Appel au peuple in the 1900s. Although the members supported universal suffrage, believed in advancement based on merit rather than birth, had diverse views on other subjects, they were conservative. Many of them believed in the virtues of family, free trade and private property. "Appel au Peuple" was the slogan of the Bonapartist party. The Nantes shipowner Alphonse-Alfred Haentjens founded the Appel au Peuple parliamentary group late in 1871 to restore the Second Empire's ideals of democratic imperialism and free trade, he looked for support among the rich winemakers of the southwest of France.

Until this time the Bonapartists had concealed their views, but now they challenged both the Left and the Right. They claimed that they were more democratic than the Republicans, they mocked the Monarchists and they opposed Adolphe Thiers in his wish to tear up the low-tariff treaties of the empire; the Bonapartists did not have consistent views on democracy. Their program was deliberately vague; the leaders assumed that a plebiscite, as in 1852, would produce a landslide in favour of return to an imperial system, but promised to respect the results of the plebiscite whatever they might be. Eugène Rouher, the emperor's former chief minister, joined the group in February 1872; the Bonapartists claimed to be a democratic party but failed to win over voters. Between January 1872 and January 1874 they won only five seats in the Assembly: one in Charente-inférieure, two in Pas-de-Calais and two in Corsica. On 16 March 1874 Napoléon, Prince Imperial, son of Napoleon III, spoke at his 18th birthday celebration in favour of an appel au peuple, or plebiscite.

He said, "if the name of Napoleon emerges an eighth time from the popular vote, I am prepared to accept the responsibility imposed on me by the national will." Bonapartist candidates now won a series of by-elections starting with that of Philippe La Beaume de Bourgoing in Nièvre on 24 May 1974. Running as a member of the Appel au People, Bourgoing won an absolute majority over the combined votes for the Republican and Legitimist candidates; as soon as the results were announced he went to Chislehurst to pay his respects to the Empress. After Bourgoing's victory a splinter group of Appel au Peuple deputies plotted with retired Bonapartist officers to overthrow the republic. On 9 June 1874 a republican deputy read a circular from the Appel du Peuple central committee to the Chamber; the circular promised to treat retired officers in the territorial army generously to ensure their support. The revelation caused an uproar, only subdued when the Minister of War, Ernest Courtot de Cissey, said no serving officers had been involved in the alleged plot.

Between 1881 and 1889 the group participated in the Union des Droites. In May 1882 Jean-Edmond Laroche-Joubert of the Appel du Peuple proposed voluntary voter registration, with a fixed fine for failure to register of 10% of the tax on liquid assets paid the previous year, or a minimum of 2 francs; the proposal was rejected by the Gauche Republicaine Cirier commission. When the right-wing Ligue des Patriotes was created, members of the Appel au Peuple committee were present at the constitutive general assembly, as were Blanquists, members of the Jeunesse Antisémite and members of Jules Guérin's Antisemitic League of France. Louis Le Provost de Launay and Jules de Cuverville, both prominent Bonapartists, were members of the steering committee. There was some common ground between Bonapartism and radical Boulangism, Bonapartist leaders such as Prince Jérôme, Prince Victor Napoléon, Paul Cassagnac thought they could profit from Boulangism. Cassagnac encouraged General Boulanger to launch a coup in July 1887, was disappointed when he failed to act..

In 1888 many Bonapartists joined Paul Déroulède's Ligue des patriotes. The Bonapartists and Déroulède were the most extreme Boulangists. However, Cassagnac did not trust Boulanger. Early in 1889 he welcomed Boulanger's victory in Paris as a defeat of parliamentary democracy, but at other times he stated in his Gers newspaper Appel au peuple that with Boulanger there was a danger of a catastrophic war. After the general elections of 1889 the Appel au peuple parliamentary group was merged into the Réunion Générale des Députés de la Droite; the Bonapartists adopted a "plebiscitary" stance in 1891 in an attempt to reaffirm the party's basis in revolutionary principles. However, in the general elections of 1893 the party was reduced to only 13 seats in the chamber. Many of the provincial newspapers closed, the Appel au Peuple was suspended; the Bonapartists reorganized in 1903 and formed an Appel au Peuple central committee headed by the Marquis Jules-Albert de Dion. Other leaders of the revived movement were Paul Cassagnac the younger, Le Provost de Launay and Pierre Taittinger, who would become the leader of the Jeunesses Patriotes and of the Juenesses plébiscitaires.

The new Appel au Peuple continued to support the Bonapartist pretender, but combined Bonapartist concepts with authoritarianism and plebiscitism. After 1903 the revived Appel au Peuple opposed the pro-dynastic L'Autorité and the Comité politique plebiscitaire; the Appel au Peuple was less hostile to elections than the Action Française, with whom its member