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SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Disaster recovery

Disaster Recovery involves a set of policies and procedures to enable the recovery or continuation of vital technology infrastructure and systems following a natural or human-induced disaster. Disaster recovery focuses on the IT or technology systems supporting critical business functions, as opposed to business continuity, which involves keeping all essential aspects of a business functioning despite significant disruptive events. Disaster recovery can therefore be considered a subset of business continuity. IT Service Continuity is a subset of business continuity planning and encompasses IT disaster recovery planning and wider IT resilience planning, it incorporates those elements of IT infrastructure and services which relate to communications such as telephony and data communications. The ITSC Plan reflects Recovery Time Objective. Planning includes arranging for backup sites, be they hot, cold, or standby sites, with hardware as needed for continuity. In 2008 the British Standards Institution launched a specific standard connected and supporting the Business Continuity Standard BS 25999 titled BS25777 to align computer continuity with business continuity.

This was withdrawn following the publication in March 2011 of ISO/IEC 27031 - Security techniques — Guidelines for information and communication technology readiness for business continuity. ITIL has defined some of these terms; the Recovery Time Objective is the targeted duration of time and a service level within which a business process must be restored after a disaster in order to avoid unacceptable consequences associated with a break in business continuity. In accepted business continuity planning methodology, the RTO is established during the Business Impact Analysis by the owner of a process, including identifying options time frames for alternate or manual workarounds. In a good deal of the literature on this subject, RTO is spoken of as a complement of Recovery Point Objective, with the two metrics describing the limits of acceptable or "tolerable" ITSC performance in terms of time lost from normal business process functioning, in terms of data lost or not backed up during that period of time respectively.

A Forbes overview noted that it is Recovery Time Actual, "the critical metric for business continuity and disaster recovery." RTA is established during actual events. The business continuity group times makes needed refinements. A Recovery Point Objective is defined by business continuity planning, it is the maximum targeted period in which data might be lost from an IT service due to a major incident. If RPO is measured in minutes in practice, off-site mirrored backups must be continuously maintained. Recovery, not instantaneous will restore data/transactions over a period of time and do so without incurring significant risks or significant losses. RPO measures the maximum time period in which recent data might have been permanently lost in the event of a major incident and is not a direct measure of the quantity of such loss. For instance, if the BC plan is "restore up to last available backup" the RPO is the maximum interval between such backup, safely vaulted off-site. Business impact analysis is used to determine RPO for each service and RPO is not determined by the existent backup regime.

When any level of preparation of off-site data is required, the period during which data might be lost starts near the time of the beginning of the work to prepare backups, not the time the backups are taken off-site. Although a data synchronization point is a point in time, the timing for performing the physical backup must be included. One approach used is to halt processing of an update queue; the backup reflects the earlier time of that copy operation, not when the data is copied to tape or transmitted elsewhere. RTO and the RPO must be balanced, taking business risk into account, along with all the other major system design criteria. RPO is tied to the times backups are sent offsite. Offsiting via synchronous copies to an offsite mirror allows for most unforeseen difficulty. Use of physical transportation for tapes comfortably covers some backup needs at a low cost. Recovery can be enacted at a predetermined site. Shared offsite space and hardware completes. For high volumes of high value transaction data, the hardware can be split across two or more sites.

Planning for disaster recovery and information technology developed in the mid- to late 1970s as computer center managers began to recognize the dependence of their organizations on their computer systems. At that time, most systems were batch-oriented mainframes. Another offsite mainframe could be loaded from backup tapes pending recovery of the primary site; the disaster recovery industry developed to provide backup computer centers. One of the earliest such centers was located in Sri Lanka. During the 1980s and 90s, as internal corporate timesharing, online data entry and real-time processing grew, more availability of IT systems was needed. Regulatory agencies became involved before the rapid growth of the Internet during the 2000s. IT Service Continuity is essential for many organizations in the implementation of Business Continuity Management (BC

Don Shaw (baseball)

Donald Wellington Shaw is an American former professional baseball pitcher who appeared in 138 games over all or parts of five seasons in Major League Baseball between 1967 and 1972 for the New York Mets, Montreal Expos, St. Louis Cardinals and Oakland Athletics, he was the winning pitcher in the Expos' first-ever game in franchise history against the Mets at Shea Stadium in New York City in April 1969. A left hander listed as 6 feet tall and 180 pounds, Shaw was born in Pittsburgh but graduated from Grover Cleveland High School in Reseda, California, in Los Angeles' San Fernando Valley, he attended San Diego State University on a baseball scholarship and was selected by the Mets in the 35th round in the 1965 Major League Baseball draft. After two seasons in New York's farm system, Shaw made the 1967 Mets' roster out of spring training and spent his entire rookie campaign with them, working in 40 games, all in relief, posting a 4–5 record and three saves, with a 2.98 earned run average. It would be his only full year in MLB.

Shaw spent most of 1968 with Triple-A Jacksonville. Although he was effective in five late-season appearances with New York, the Mets exposed him to the expansion draft, Montreal chose him with their 21st selection, 40th overall. After making the Expos' maiden roster, he entered the first National League game in their history on Opening Day, April 8, 1969, in the sixth inning with the score tied, 6–6, he hurled three hitless innings, walking two, as Montreal surged in front, 11–6, aided by home runs from Rusty Staub and Coco Laboy. Shaw struggled in the ninth inning, allowing a walk and three hits, including a three-run, pinch-hit home run to Duffy Dyer, but he departed with Montreal still ahead 11–10. Carroll Sembera, who relieved him, put the tying and winning runs on base before nailing down the save. With Shaw making 35 appearances, the 1969 Expos would go on to lose 110 games in 1969 and finish last in their division. Shaw started the 1970 season in Triple-A, his contract was sold to the Cardinals in mid-May.

Shaw responded with ten consecutive scoreless relief appearances, not allowing a run between April 29 and June 2, picking up two wins and a save. He experienced a rough patch, with his earned run average rising to as high as 5.18 on June 25. But from through season's end, he returned to effectiveness, finishing 1971 with a 2.65 earned run average and a 7–2 won–lost mark. However, a sore shoulder hampered him in 1972. After he was hit hard in three appearances, Oakland sent him to Triple-A Iowa, he played in the high minors through 1973 and retired from professional baseball. In his 138 MLB games, Shaw compiled a 13–14 record and a career 4.01 earned run average, with six career saves. He made one career start. In 188 1⁄3 innings pitched, he struck out 123 batters, but he allowed 101 bases on balls. Career statistics and player information from Baseball-Reference, or Baseball-Reference

Sianoa Smit-McPhee

Sianoa Smit-McPhee known as Sianoa, is an Australian singer and actress. She is best known for her years in Australian soap opera Neighbours as Bree Timmins, her next role was in the children's television series As the Bell Rings, which aired on the Disney Channel. In 2007, she appeared as the lead character in the short fantasy film Hugo. From 2009 to 2011, she starred in the HBO series Hung as Darby Drecker. In 2012, Sianoa featured in the TV movie ABC Firelight and the series It's Always Sunny in Philadelphia; the following year, she starred in All Cheerleaders Die. Sianoa and her husband John Rush, a music producer wrote and produced the song Take a Bite of My Heart, featured in the film and performed by Sianoa. Sianoa Smit-McPhee was born in South Australia, she showed an interest in performing at a young age, inspired by her actor and former professional wrestler father, Andy McPhee. She was singing, dancing and modeling by the age of three; when she was seven, she moved to Melbourne with her parents and her younger brother, actor Kodi Smit-McPhee.

Sianoa Smit-McPhee on IMDb

Tekari Raj

Tekari Raj was a zamindari estate belonging to a family of the Bhumihar community in South Bihar. They controlled 2,046 villages on their estate, which covered a 7,500 square kilometres area, near to the town of Gaya. Maharajas of Tekari like Maharaja Mitrajit Singh were renowned for their scholarship and for their works of poetry and history, their emblem was a pigeon attacking over an eagle sat on the perch of a tree. The Tekari family played an important role in the socio-economic and political history of Bihar from medieval times, during the Mughal period. Known as the Tekari Raj, their zamindari estate was situated about 15 kilometres to the west of the modern town of Gaya in the present-day state of Bihar and was surrounded by the rivers Morhar and Jamune; the Tekari Rajas were Bhumihars, chief of the Drontikar clan of the Bhardwaj gotra from the village of Tekar, which no longer exists. They held their estates in Pachrukhi. Kumkum Chatterjee says that "The zamindari of Tekari owed its origin to an imperial grant made about the time when the Mughal empire first began to decay."

Dhir Singh played an important role in defeating the rebellious potentates in his neighbourhood. In recognition of the support, in 1719-20, the Mughal Emperor Muhammad Shah honoured him with a khalat and the title of Raja. Sundar Singh, Dhir's son, extended the family estates through both annexation and partnership agreements; this increased influence led to recognition by the Mughals in 1738, when they gave him authority to collect revenues in various parganas. According to a history published in 1878, proved his allegiance to the Mughal court in Delhi during various battles involving the Marathas, pleasing Nawab Alivardi Khan and other Bengali subadars. Khan recommended; the relationship between the declining empire and zamindars such as Sundar Singh was, however, a complex one and not always harmonious. His family had come to prominence through opportunism and Sundar sometimes found himself facing Mughal forces when he defied the imperial authority, nominally vested in provincial governors.

These local rulers needed the zamindars to collect revenue, the zamindars sought the legitimisation that association with the empire would bring, yet the zamindars generally refused to hand over the money they collected and they operated in a lawless environment. He died in battle in 1758 after completing the fort. Although he had no children, Sundar Singh had adopted Boniad Singh, born in 1732. Boniad remained faithful to it, it was because of this that he was among the zamindars whom Mir Qasim ordered to travel to Purnea, in 1762 had them drowned en route in the Ganges. His death occurred when Mitrajit Singh, was a few months old. Mitrajit Singh remained under his mother's care, his abilities won for him the approval of the Mughal court at Delhi, he was accordingly honoured with the title of Maharajah. During the Mutiny of Kulhan, Zillah Kharakdieh, he assisted the EIC with his own forces, he was among those who got into some financial difficulties around the 1780s-1790s as a result of the EIC policy of extracting revenue from zamindars, known as the Permanent Settlement, but survived the crisis and, says V. C. P. Chaudhary, he nearly doubled his revenue.

A contemporary writer noted that he derived 6,000,000 annually. One source of income was derived from pilgrims to the holy town of Gaya: he was entitled to 10 per cent of the fees charged to them, although in common with other major landlords he was expected to patronise religious festivals and provide financial support for things such as temple maintenance, his house in Patna was the location of Patna High School from 1835. He died in 1841 and was succeeded by his eldest son, Hit Narain Singh, born in 1801; the British allowed Hit Narain Singh to use the title of Maharajah, along with its symbols. He was inclined towards religion and became an ascetic, leaving his wife to administrate his extensive properties, his wife in turn transferred it to her daughter, Maharani Rajroop Kuar, under the terms of a will dated 29 October 1877. The Maharani's public works included construction of a temple at Patna at a cost of more than a lakh of rupees, construction of another and a large building adjoining it at Vrindavan.

She spent a large sum of money feeding and assisting famine-stricken people. Maharaja Ram Kishan Singh, the adopted son of Maharaja Hit Narain Singh, succeeded him after his death in 1861 and died in 1871; the mansions of the Maharaja of Tekari dominated the Patna riverfront in 1811-12. With the abolition of the zamindari system in 1950, disputes arose regarding the estate, as happened in other areas of Bihar. There were eruptions of violence involving the Bhumihar people on the one hand and members of the Dalit and Gareri communities on the other, most notably the beheading of a Bhumihar in 1979, followed by reciprocal raids on villages a few months later; the Tekari family made large contributions in the cultural spheres of the area. The present day Tekari Raj High School and Tekari College owe their existence to their benevolence, while thehe Gaya Public Library and the Gaya Club, the hub of social activity in Gaya town, stand on land donated by them. Ram Kishan Singh spent money on various public works, including 60,000 rupees on a temple at Dharmasala and a further 100,000 for one at Ayodhya.

He gave Rs. 10,000 for road improvements in 1869 and a similar sum for famine relief in 1874. Rs. 2000 was given to Patna College and m

Oscar Heron

Captain Oscar Aloysius Patrick Heron was an Irish World War I flying ace of the British Royal Air Force, credited with thirteen confirmed aerial victories. He served in the Irish Air Corps, until killed in a flying accident. Heron was born in Armagh, the eldest of three sons born to Charles and Annie Heron, his father was the principal of St. Patrick's Boys School, while his mother headed the girls' section; the family lived in Banbrook Hill, the 1911 census lists Oscar and his two brothers John and Charles, their parents, his mother's father Jeremiah McKenna, a cook, two servant girls as residing there. Heron served for a period in the Connaught Rangers, before being commissioned from cadet to temporary second lieutenant in the Royal Flying Corps on 13 December 1917, he was assigned to No. 70 Squadron to fly the Sopwith Camel single-seat fighter in May 1918. On 30 June, he gained his first victories, driving down an Albatros D. V and setting another ablaze, it would not be until 19 August that he would win again, when he destroyed a Fokker D.

VII on an evening patrol. Again, there would be over a month's lapse, until he destroyed another Fokker D. VII on 28 September. On 1 October, Heron became an ace by destroying the only two-seater on his list. VII's, three more on the 9th. For one of these, Heron cooperated with Captain Sydney Liversedge, Lieutenant Kenneth Watson and two other pilots to force down and capture a Fokker. Heron was appointed a flight commander with the temporary rank of captain on 23 October, going on to gain three more victories, two on 26 October, his thirteenth and last on the 28th. In the end, besides the captured aircraft, Heron destroyed ten enemy machines and drove down two out of control. Heron was subsequently awarded the Distinguished Flying Cross, gazetted on 7 February 1919, his citation read: Second Lieutenant Oscar Alois Patrick Heron. "An officer daring in aerial combats. He has accounted for eight enemy aeroplanes. On 28th September he single-handed, three Fokkers. On another occasion he, in company with five other machines, engaged six Fokkers, all six being destroyed, 2nd Lt. Heron accounting for two."On 15 July 1919 Heron was granted permission to wear the Croix de guerre conferred by Belgium.

Heron was transferred to the RAF's unemployed list on 10 August 1919, but was granted a short service commission with the rank of flying officer two months on 24 October. He served in No. 3 Squadron RAF based in Ambala, from 1 April 1921. On 7 November 1922, on completion of his period of service, Heron was transferred to the Reserve of Air Force Officers, he returned to Ireland to join the National Army Air Service, which became the Air Corps in 1924, served as an instructor based at Baldonnel Airfield. He relinquished his RAF Reserve commission on 7 November 1926. Heron was killed on 5 August 1933 while taking part in a mock aerial combat over Phoenix Park, for Irish Aviation Day. Three days before, during practice flights, two aircraft collided. Heron acted a pall-bearer at Twohig's funeral on the morning of the event. In the display Heron flew a Vickers Vespa. At the end he made a low pass over the park, in front of a large crowd, including his wife, but span into the ground from a height of about five hundred feet.

Heron and his air gunner were pulled from the wreckage, but he died immediately, while the air-gunner, Private Richard Tobin, died the following day. Heron was buried with full military honours at Glasnevin Cemetery on 8 August. Notes BibliographyShores, Christopher F.. Above the Trenches: a Complete Record of the Fighter Aces and Units of the British Empire Air Forces 1915–1920. London, UK: Grub Street. ISBN 978-0-948817-19-9

Wolgarston High School

Wolgarston High School is a high school and sixth form college in Penkridge, Staffordshire. Wolgarston High School is an age 13 to 18 school, with Year 9 as the main year of entry; the school is smaller than most secondary schools, but with a large sixth form. The great majority of students are from White British backgrounds; the proportions of students who have learning difficulties and/or disabilities or who are eligible for free school meals are both well below national averages. The proportion of students who have a statement of special educational needs is just below the national average; the proportion of students from minority ethnic backgrounds is much lower than the national average. The school has a Leading Parent Partnership award, an International School award and Healthy Schools status, it was redesignated as a Specialist Technology College in 2007. Since 2018 the school has been part of the Penk Valley Academy Trust with local schools TREA, Penkridge Middle School, St. John's First School, St. Mary's and St. Chad's First School, Princefield First School and Marshbrook First School.

From September 2019, Philip Tapp will become CEO of the Penk Valley Academy Trust and Jo Fairclough will become headteacher. Other senior leaders include: S McCosh, J Lesniewski, A Simmonds, K Muneer, A Greenwood and R Swinnerton