Disbarment is the removal of a lawyer from a bar association or the practice of law, thus revoking his or her law license or admission to practice law. Disbarment is a punishment for unethical or criminal conduct. Procedures vary depending on the law society. In Australia, states regulate the Legal Profession under state law, despite many participating in a uniform scheme. Admission as a lawyer is the business of the Supreme Court. Disciplinary proceedings may be commenced by the Bar Association or the Law Society of which one is a member, or the board itself In Germany, a Berufsverbot is a ban on practicing a profession, which the government can issue to a lawyer for misconduct, Volksverhetzung or for serious mismanagement of personal finances. In April 1933, the Nazi government issued a Berufsverbot forbidding the practice of law by Jews and other political opponents, except for those protected by the Frontkämpferprivileg. Disbarment is imposed as a sanction for conduct indicating that an attorney is not fit to practice law, willfully disregarding the interests of a client, commingling funds, or engaging in fraud which impedes the administration of justice.
In addition, any lawyer, convicted of a felony is automatically disbarred in most jurisdictions, a policy that, although opposed by the American Bar Association, has been described as a convicted felon's just deserts. In the United States legal system, disbarment is specific to regions. However, under the American Bar Association's Model Rules of Professional Conduct, which have been adopted in most states, disbarment in one state or court is grounds for disbarment in a jurisdiction which has adopted the Model Rules. Disbarment is quite rare. Instead, lawyers are sanctioned by their own clients through civil malpractice proceedings, or via fine, suspension, or other punishments from the disciplinary boards. To be disbarred is considered a great embarrassment and shame if one no longer wishes to pursue a career in the law; because disbarment rules vary by area, different rules can apply depending on where a lawyer is disbarred. Notably, the majority of US states have no procedure for permanently disbarring a person.
Depending on the jurisdiction, a lawyer may reapply to the bar after five to seven years, or be banned for life. The 20th and the 21st centuries have seen one former U. S. president and one former U. S. vice president disbarred, another former president suspended from one bar and caused to resign from another bar rather than face disbarment. Former Vice President Spiro Agnew, having pleaded no contest to charges of bribery and tax evasion, was disbarred from Maryland, the state of which he had been governor. Former President Richard Nixon was disbarred from New York in 1976 for obstruction of justice related to the Watergate scandal, he had attempted to resign from the New York bar, as he had done with California and the Supreme Court, but his resignation was not accepted as he would not acknowledge that he was unable to defend himself from the charges brought against him. In 2001, following a 5-year suspension by the Arkansas bar, the United States Supreme Court suspended Bill Clinton, providing 40 days for him to contest disbarment.
He resigned before the end of the 40 day period. Alger Hiss was disbarred for a felony conviction, but became the first person reinstated to the bar in Massachusetts after disbarment. In 2007, Mike Nifong, the District Attorney of Durham County, North Carolina who presided over the 2006 Duke University lacrosse case, was disbarred for prosecutorial misconduct related to his handling of the case. In April 2012, a three-member panel appointed by the Arizona Supreme Court voted unanimously to disbar Andrew Thomas, former County Attorney of Maricopa County, a former close confederate of Maricopa County Sheriff Joe Arpaio. According to the panel, Thomas "outrageously exploited power, flagrantly fostered fear, disgracefully misused the law" while serving as Maricopa County Attorney; the panel found "clear and convincing evidence" that Thomas brought unfounded and malicious criminal and civil charges against political opponents, including four state judges and the state attorney general. "Were this a criminal case," the panel concluded, "we are confident that the evidence would establish this conspiracy beyond a reasonable doubt."Jack Thompson, the Florida lawyer noted for his activism against Howard Stern, video games, rap music, was permanently disbarred for various charges of misconduct.
The action was the result of several grievances claiming that Thompson had made defamatory, false statements and attempted to humiliate, harass or intimidate his opponents. The order was made on September 25, 2008, effective October 25. However, Thompson attempted to appeal to the higher courts in order to avoid the penalty taking effect. Neither the US District court, nor the US Supreme Court would hear his appeal, rendering the judgment of the Florida Supreme Court final. Ed Fagan, a New York lawyer who prominently represented Holocaust victims against Swiss banks, was disbarred in New York and New Jersey for failing to pay court fines and fees. F. Lee Bailey, noted criminal defense attorney, was disbarred by the state of Florida in 2001, with reciprocal disbarment in Massachusetts in 2002; the Florida disbarment was the result of his handling of stock in the DuBoc marijuana case. Bailey was fo
Sweet Combat is a 2018 Chinese television series starring Lu Han and Guan Xiaotong. The series is based on the Korean manhwa Girls of the Wild's; the series aired on Hunan TV starting July 23, 2018. Ming Tian is a youth living with his younger brother and sister, as his mother has left and his father has died. Having to work several part-time jobs, he decides to enroll into Zheng Ze University, a sports school, known for giving out a generous amount of scholarship funds, despite having no foundation in sports. There, he meets Fang Yu, heir of a giant conglomerate, groomed to become the next successor. However, Fang Yu is instead passionate about sports. Defying her family's protests, she enrolls into Zheng Ze University and became the mixed martial arts champion of the school. Fang Yu is tasked to train Ming Tian and during the process of learning, the two fall in love with each other. Under the assistance of Fang Yu and their friends, Ming Tian grows to become a skilled sportsman; the series engaged former Chinese taekwondo competitor Chen Zhong to be its consultant.
The series was filmed at Shenchuan and Macau from June to September 2017
Campitello Matese is an Italian civil parish and ski resort, part of the municipality of San Massimo in the province of Campobasso, Molise region. Still 1960s Campitello had only a building used as shelter for shepherds. In the 1970s it started the realization of the first plants to transform it in a ski resort. Campitello lies nearby Miletto mountain, part of the Matese mountain range, close to the borders of Molise with Campania. Nearest municipalities are San Massimo, Cantalupo nel Sannio and San Gregorio Matese (CE, at the southest side of the mountains; as ski area, Campitello is receptive for Tourism during winter. The resort has got 2 chairlifts and 7 ski plants for a total length of 40 km Campitello Matese is a location known to cycling fans for being several times during the coming stage of the Giro d'Italia: the first in 1969, the last in 2002; the characteristics of the ascent from San Massimo Campitello make it one of the most challenging uphill finishes of the Apennines. List of ski areas and resorts in Italy Campitello Matese network Campitello Matese ScpA
Thomas Jackson, was an English Anglican clergyman appointed in 1850 as Bishop Designate of the newly founded settlement of Lyttelton in New Zealand. After disagreements with the New Zealand colonists, Jackson never took up the bishopric, instead returned to England. Jackson was born in 1812 to a Wesleyan clergyman, his father was Thomas Jackson and his mother was Ann Hollinshead. He was educated at St Saviour's School in Southwark, St Mary Hall, Oxford where he graduated BA in 1834 and MA in 1837. In 1844, aged 32, Jackson was appointed Principal of St John's Training College for teachers at Battersea; this college trained teachers for English Church schools. Jackson retained this position until he was named as the Bishop Designate of Lyttelton in New Zealand. At the time, it was envisaged that the principal town in the new settlement would be Lyttelton, not Christchurch which did become the main locality, he was named to the position in June 1850 and from that time until he sailed for New Zealand in September of that same year he addressed many meetings on behalf of the Canterbury Association, promoting immigration.
He did much to further the cause of immigration. A legal problem emerged some time; the Letters Patent appointing Dr. George Selwyn as the Bishop of New Zealand had no clause providing for a resignation of part of the New Zealand Diocese which would have been needed if another person were to be appointed in Canterbury, it was determined that the Diocese of Lyttelton should include all of the South Island, whereas Dr. Selwyn wished to resign from only the Canterbury Settlement and Otago. In view of these irregularities, Jackson undertook to visit New Zealand and discuss the matter with Selwyn, he had in his possession a document for Selwyn's signature which would have Selwyn resign the See of New Zealand. In the end, another document was signed by him in which he only resigned the Canterbury and Otago areas. There was some doubt about the legality of this document. Jackson proposed to return to England to have the matter regularised with the Archbishop of Canterbury, it appears that he wished to be consecrated Bishop by the highest Church authority to ensure his position.
He was to return to Lyttelton and take up his post. The sail each way was around one hundred days, Jackson's wife, who travelled out with him to New Zealand, did not wish to follow him on his visit to the Archbishop of Canterbury. Two of their children accompanied them to New Zealand, travelling on the sailing ship "Castle Eden", the fifth ship chartered by the Canterbury Association for carrying emigrants, it arrived in Lyttelton in February 1851. Jackson was only in Canterbury for six weeks but he was active in church matters, travelled extensively during that time. A long report was written by Jackson to the Archbishop of Canterbury on the homeward voyage, it is that he made notes at the time of his travels. He had arrived back in England during September 1851 after visiting Sydney; when reading the report, it was obvious that he intended to return to Canterbury to take up his position. This was not to be. Jackson, despite his earlier good reputation, was not popular in Canterbury, he lost the support of the locals, had some difficulties with the Canterbury Association.
He never took up the bishopric. In order to cover up Jackson's non-return to New Zealand, a face-saving announcement was made claiming that Jackson’s wife was unable to undertake another long voyage because of sickness. A rector's position was found for him at St Mary's, Stoke Newington, in England, where he developed a reputation as preacher and he had held the Prebendary of Weldland at St Paul's Cathedral from 1850. Jackson died in 1886. Thomas Jackson has sometimes been referred to as the Bishop Designate of Canterbury but this is not correct, his title was the Bishop Designate of Lyttelton. Therefore, his title was, is, unique; the first Bishop appointed to Christchurch was Bishop Harper. Thomas Jackson: Bishop Designate of Lyttelton by Elizabeth Hamilton Smith. Published Christchurch, NZ, 1991 Report of the Voyage of the ‘Castle Eden’ with Information About Early Canterbury & Wellington written by the Rev. Thomas Jackson, published Christchurch, NZ, 2007. ISBN 978-0-473-12375-8 Blain Biographical Directory at http://anglicanhistory.org/nz/blain_directory/directory.pdf
Daniel Trust Foundation is a non-profit organization founded by Daniel Trust. It was launched in 2009 and has provided mentorship and scholarship opportunities to high school seniors and student-selected recognition and funding for high school teachers; the primary aims of the foundation are to expand educational opportunities and financial resources for college-bound students and secondary school teachers. The foundation has offices in Bridgeport and New York City, aims to be a student run organization for students by students; the foundation awards students who have demonstrated academic excellence, activism or community service and commitment to pursuing higher education. The Kathy Silver Award is the foundation's teacher recognition program. In the scholarship application, students nominate an impactful high school teacher, considered for the award, it is a 5013 organization with scholars and teacher honorees from Connecticut, New York, Georgia. Since its inception, six scholars have appeared on lifestyle Connecticut TV shows life Better Connecticut on WFSB, Connecticut Style on WTNH, Our Lives on News 12 Connecticut.
The Daniel Trust Foundation aims to serve low-income, first-generation and underrepresented students. The scholarship and mentorship program helps plan student's career goals; the foundation recognizes and awards deserving teachers with grants. The Daniel Trust Scholarship Program is a 4-year $2,000 scholarship designed to support its recipients' educational endeavors; the scholarship is awarded to high school seniors who are working to improve their local and international communities through activism and public service. Recipients of this scholarship receive $500 annually to fund college textbook expenses as well as other college materials. In 2015, the foundation started a mentorship program for local Bridgeport High School students; the foundation aims to provide resources to students beyond the Scholarship program. The mentorship program provides teen driving education and financial literacy. There are 13 students in the mentorship program. In 2014, the foundation awarded eight scholarships.
Four out of the eight Scholars were from the Bridgeport Education system. In 2015, the foundation awarded seven scholarships. In 2016, the foundation awarded fifteen scholarships, with twelve out of the fifteen scholars from the Bridgeport Education system; the recipients' causes ranged from contributing to the special needs/disabled community, promoting world peace to advocating for human rights to building schools overseas in Africa. Daniel Trust Foundation Scholars are attending the country’s most prestigious universities including the University of California at Berkeley, Harvard University, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, American University, Yale. Founder Daniel Trust on News 12 Connecticut's OUR LIVES News 12, January 12, 2014 Scholar Eric Zhevel and Jocelyn Mendez on News 8's Connecticut Style Better, June 17, 2014 Daniel Trust Scholar on News 12 CT OUR LIVES News 12, August 14, 2014^ Mowry, Christina. Daniel Trust talks Genocide, LGBT Advocacy. Fairfield Minnow, 2014, <http://fairfieldmirror.com/2014/04/09/daniel-trust-talks-genocide-lgbt-advocacy/>, p. 1.
^ Yellen, Deena. Rwandan Genocide Survivor’s Message to Students. North Jersey, 2014,<http://www.northjersey.com/news/education/genocide-survivor-s-message-of-hope-1.1007579>, p.2. ^ Clement, Douglas. Rwandan LGBT holding Guilford Advocate. Connecticut Magazine, <http://www.connecticutmag.com/Blog/Connecticut-Today/September-2013/Rwandan-Genocide-Survivor-and-LGBT-Advocate-Holding-Guilford-Fundraiser/>, p.3. ^ Lambeck, Linda. Bridgeport Grads Nap 4 of 8 Daniel Trust Scholarships. Connecticut Post, <http://blog.ctnews.com/education/2014/06/17/bridgeport-grads-nab-4-of-8-daniel-trust-scholarships/>, p.4. ^ Sachner, Leila. New Foundation for Haitian Orphans. Scholastic, <http://www.scholastic.com/browse/article.jsp?id=3755442>, p.5
Eduard Pons Prades known as Floreado Barsino, was a Catalan writer and historian, specializing in the 20th-century history of Spain. Pons Prades was active in the Syndicalist Party of Ángel Pestaña, a member of the Confederación Nacional del Trabajo, after Francisco Franco's defeat of the Second Spanish Republic in the Spanish Civil War, a maqui. Pons Prades was born in the Raval neighborhood of Barcelona, his father, a cabinetmaker, was a Valencian immigrant and a member of the Federal Party of Spain, founder of a woodworkers' union. His mother, Glòria Prades Núñez an immigrant from València, was a member of the Syndicalist Party, became a member of the Generalitat de Catalunya through the friendship of Martí Barrera, a member of the government; as a young child, Pons enrolled in the Rationalist School, based on the philosophy of Francesc Ferrer i Guàrdia. There he attended the lectures of geologist Alberto Carsi. Pons' focus was always teaching, attended the Industrial School of Barcelona for this purpose, but these studies were interrupted by the outbreak of the Spanish Civil War in 1936.
That year, Pons' father committed suicide. His uncle, a member of the Federación Anarquista Ibérica, lived to carry the coffin of Buenaventura Durruti in November that year. Pons' joined the CNT in 1937 and participated in the collectivization of the Consejo Económico de la Madera Socializada and other locations such as the Santa Madrona Church in Poble Sec neighborhood of Barcelona. At 16 years old, Pons enlisted in the Republican Army with falsified identification papers, he earned the rank of sergeant, received his machine gun from Miguel Hernández leader of the Spanish Republican Army's 46th Division. Pons was injured on March 1938 while defending Barcelona during a fascist shelling of the city. Once recovered from his wounds, Pons entered the Quinta del Biberón, he fought in the Battle of Brunete, the Battle of the Ebro at just 17 years old. Following the defeat of the Republic, Pons helped with the evacuation of injured republicans from hospitals in Barcelona to the French border. Of this, Pons Prades said "With hearts battered by the violent lash of defeat, some entered France in the coldest days of winter of 1938-1939, with tangled hair, smelly, with beggars' beards and drawn, with uniforms spattered with blood and lead, with the look of visionaries...
They were the first - the only ones - who had dared to confront fascism in Europe, with weapons in their hands."1 In 1939, Pons made contact with the French resistance, fighting against the German army in Belgium and Luxembourg. After the defeat of the French army in 1940, Pons helped form part of the Spanish anti-fascist resistance in France, in a group called Solidaridad Española, together with Manolo Morató and Tomás Martín, commanding a group made up of French and Spanish fighters, collaborating on sabotage missions, with the Ponzán Group as well. Pons joined with Manolo Huet to save the lives of Jews in France. Pons joined the army of Generals Leclerc and Charles de Gaulle, participating in the liberation of the French department of Aude. After the end of World War II, Pons settled in France, from where he made two trips into Spain to make contact with the Syndicalist Party, with the intention of continuing the resistance against Franco. During the day Pons worked a farm, at night went on guerrilla missions.
During a trip when he intended to return to France with a guide from the group of Francisco Sabaté Llopart, Pons was arrested, on January 5, 1946, in Puigcerdà, but escaped three weeks after bribing the colonel handling the case, went to Valencia where he had family. Pons became a writer and historian, contributing from France to various publications, such as Papeles de Son Armadans, edited by Camilo José Cela. Pons returned to Spain in 1962, after an amnesty was granted by Franco on the occasion of the coronation of Pope John XXIII, he started the publishing house Alfaguara. Pons died in Barcelona's Hospital de Sant Pau, the same hospital from which he had evacuated wounded republicans in 1938-39, on May 28, 2007, without being able to see publication of his book on the political aspects of the life of Pablo Picasso. Pons relates, he was so shocked by the experience that wrote a book called'El mensaje de otros mundos'. The publishing house warned him that his reputation would be damaged by publishing the book, but he decided to publish it anyway.
Novels: La Venganza Non-fiction Años de muerte y de esperanza ISBN 84-7475-020-2 Morir por la libertad: Españoles en los campos de exterminio nazis ISBN 84-8218-012-6 El Holocausto de los Republicanos Españoles: Vida y Muerte, en los Campos de Exterminio Alemanes ISBN 84-96326-24-1 Guerrillas españolas: 1936-1960 ISBN 84-320-5634-0 Los niños republicanos en la guerra de España ISBN 84-473-4406-1 Un soldado de la República: Itinerario ibérico de un joven revolucionario, with Leopoldo de Luis ISBN 84-226-4394-4 Los republicanos en la II Guerra Mundial ISBN 84-473-4443-6 Los vencidos y el exilio ISBN 84-226-2799-X Los años oscuros de la transición española Los que SÍ hicimos la guerra Francia: verano de 1944 Españoles en los maquis franceses Los cerdos del comandante Crónica negra de la transición española 1976–1985 Las guerras de los niños republicanos 1936–1995 El mensaje de otros mundos Los senderos de la libertad La guerrilla española en la II guerra mundial