Virginia Elizabeth "Geena" Davis is an American actress and activist. One of the most popular actresses of the 1980s and 1990s, she has received numerous accolades for her acting work in both film and television, is noted for her portrayals of strong and authentic female characters as well as her involvement in advocacy for women in the industry. Having graduated with a bachelor's degree in drama from Boston University in 1979, Davis signed with New York's Zoli modeling agency and started her career as a model, she made her acting debut in the film Tootsie, starred in the thriller The Fly, which proved to be one of her first box office hits. While the fantasy comedy Beetlejuice brought her to international prominence, the drama The Accidental Tourist earned her the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress, she cemented her leading actress status with her performance in the road film Thelma & Louise, receiving a nomination for the Academy Award for Best Actress. Davis's roles in the box office failures Cutthroat Island and The Long Kiss Goodnight, both directed by then-husband Renny Harlin, were followed by a lengthy break and downturn in her career.
Davis starred as the adoptive mother of the titular character in the Stuart Little franchise and as the first female president of the United States in the television series Commander in Chief, winning the Golden Globe Award for Best Actress – Television Series Drama for her role in the latter. Her films include Accidents Happen and Marjorie Prime, she has portrayed the recurring role of Dr. Nicole Herman in Grey's Anatomy, starred as Regan MacNeil-Angela Rance in the first season of the horror television series The Exorcist. In 2004, Davis launched the Geena Davis Institute on Gender in Media, which works collaboratively with the entertainment industry to increase the presence of female characters in media. Through the organization, she launched the annual Bentonville Film Festival in 2015, executive produced the documentary This Changes Everything in 2018. Davis was born January 1956, in Wareham, Massachusetts, her mother, was a teacher's assistant, her father, William F. Davis, was a civil engineer and church deacon.
She has an older brother named Danforth. At an early age, she became interested in music, she learned piano and flute and played organ well enough as a teenager to serve as an organist at her Congregationalist church in Wareham. Davis attended Wareham High School and was an exchange student in Sandviken, becoming fluent in Swedish. Enrolling at New England College, she graduated with a bachelor's degree in drama from Boston University in 1979. Following her education, Davis served as a window mannequin for Ann Taylor until signing with New York's Zoli modeling agency. Davis was working as a model when she was cast by director Sydney Pollack in his film Tootsie as a soap opera actress who she described as "someone who's going to be in their underwear a lot of times"; the film was the second most profitable screen production of 1982, received ten Academy Awards nominations and is considered a cult classic. She next obtained the regular part of Wendy Killian in the television series Buffalo Bill, which aired from June 1983 to March 1984.
Despite the series' eleven Emmy Awards nominations, the lukewarm ratings lead to its cancellation after two seasons. At the time, Davis guest-starred in Knight Rider, Family Ties and Remington Steele, followed with a series of her own, which lasted 13 episodes. In Fletch, an action comedy, Davis appeared as the colleague of a Los Angeles Times undercover reporter trying to expose a drug trafficking on the beaches of Los Angeles, opposite Chevy Chase. In 1985, she starred in the horror comedy Transylvania 6-5000, as a nymphomaniac vampire alongside future husband Jeff Goldblum, they would reunite professionally in the sci-fi thriller The Fly, loosely based on George Langelaan's 1957 short story of the same name and in which Davis portrayed a science journalist and the love interest of an eccentric scientist. Caryn James, of The New York Times, found her to be "stiff" in The Fly, a film she considered "intense, all right, but not scary or sad, or intentionally funny", it was commercial success and helped to establish her as an actress.
Director Tim Burton cast Davis in his film Beetlejuice, as one half of a deceased young couple who become ghosts haunting their former house, alongside Alec Baldwin, Michael Keaton and Winona Ryder. The film made $73.7 million from a budget of $15 million, Davis's performance and the overall film received positive reviews from critics. Davis took on the role of an animal hospital employee and dog trainer with a sickly son in the drama The Accidental Tourist, opposite William Hurt and Kathleen Turner. Critic Roger Ebert, who gave the film four stars out of four, wrote: "Davis, as Muriel, brings an unforced wackiness to her role in scenes like the one where she belts out a song while she's doing the dishes, but she is not as simple as she sometimes seems ". The film was a critical and commercial success, she received an Oscar as Best Supporting Actress for her appearance in it, she would work again with Jeff Goldblum in the sci-fi film Earth Girls Are Easy, in which she was cast as a valley girl and manicurist.
Davis appeared as the girlfriend of a man who, dressed as a clown, robs a bank in midtown Manhattan, in the comedy Quick Change, based on a book of the
Seattle is a seaport city on the West Coast of the United States. It is the seat of Washington. With an estimated 730,000 residents as of 2018, Seattle is the largest city in both the state of Washington and the Pacific Northwest region of North America. According to U. S. Census data released in 2018, the Seattle metropolitan area’s population stands at 3.87 million, ranks as the 15th largest in the United States. In July 2013, it was the fastest-growing major city in the United States and remained in the Top 5 in May 2015 with an annual growth rate of 2.1%. In July 2016, Seattle was again the fastest-growing major U. S. city, with a 3.1% annual growth rate. Seattle is the northernmost large city in the United States; the city is situated on an isthmus between Puget Sound and Lake Washington, about 100 miles south of the Canada–United States border. A major gateway for trade with Asia, Seattle is the fourth-largest port in North America in terms of container handling as of 2015; the Seattle area was inhabited by Native Americans for at least 4,000 years before the first permanent European settlers.
Arthur A. Denny and his group of travelers, subsequently known as the Denny Party, arrived from Illinois via Portland, Oregon, on the schooner Exact at Alki Point on November 13, 1851; the settlement was moved to the eastern shore of Elliott Bay and named "Seattle" in 1852, in honor of Chief Si'ahl of the local Duwamish and Suquamish tribes. Today, Seattle has high populations of Native, Scandinavian and Asian Americans, as well as a thriving LGBT community that ranks 6th in the United States for population. Logging was Seattle's first major industry, but by the late 19th century, the city had become a commercial and shipbuilding center as a gateway to Alaska during the Klondike Gold Rush. Growth after World War II was due to the local Boeing company, which established Seattle as a center for aircraft manufacturing; the Seattle area developed into a technology center from the 1980s onwards with companies like Microsoft becoming established in the region. Internet retailer Amazon was founded in Seattle in 1994, major airline Alaska Airlines is based in SeaTac, serving Seattle's international airport, Seattle–Tacoma International Airport.
The stream of new software and Internet companies led to an economic revival, which increased the city's population by 50,000 between 1990 and 2000. Owing to its increasing population in the 21st century and the state of Washington have some of the highest minimum wages in the country, at $15 per hour for smaller businesses and $16 for the city's largest employers. Seattle has a noteworthy musical history. From 1918 to 1951, nearly two dozen jazz nightclubs existed along Jackson Street, from the current Chinatown/International District to the Central District; the jazz scene nurtured the early careers of Ray Charles, Quincy Jones, Ernestine Anderson, others. Seattle is the birthplace of rock musician Jimi Hendrix, as well as the origin of the bands Nirvana, Pearl Jam, Alice in Chains, Foo Fighters and the alternative rock movement grunge. Archaeological excavations suggest that Native Americans have inhabited the Seattle area for at least 4,000 years. By the time the first European settlers arrived, the people occupied at least seventeen villages in the areas around Elliott Bay.
The first European to visit the Seattle area was George Vancouver, in May 1792 during his 1791–95 expedition to chart the Pacific Northwest. In 1851, a large party led by Luther Collins made a location on land at the mouth of the Duwamish River. Thirteen days members of the Collins Party on the way to their claim passed three scouts of the Denny Party. Members of the Denny Party claimed land on Alki Point on September 28, 1851; the rest of the Denny Party set sail from Portland and landed on Alki point during a rainstorm on November 13, 1851. After a difficult winter, most of the Denny Party relocated across Elliott Bay and claimed land a second time at the site of present-day Pioneer Square, naming this new settlement Duwamps. Charles Terry and John Low remained at the original landing location and reestablished their old land claim and called it "New York", but renamed "New York Alki" in April 1853, from a Chinook word meaning "by and by" or "someday". For the next few years, New York Alki and Duwamps competed for dominance, but in time Alki was abandoned and its residents moved across the bay to join the rest of the settlers.
David Swinson "Doc" Maynard, one of the founders of Duwamps, was the primary advocate to name the settlement after Chief Seattle of the Duwamish and Suquamish tribes. The name "Seattle" appears on official Washington Territory papers dated May 23, 1853, when the first plats for the village were filed. In 1855, nominal land settlements were established. On January 14, 1865, the Legislature of Territorial Washington incorporated the Town of Seattle with a board of trustees managing the city; the Town of Seattle was disincorporated on January 18, 1867, remained a mere precinct of King County until late 1869, when a new petition was filed and the city was re-incorporated December 2, 1869, with a mayor–council government. The corporate seal of the City of Seattle carries the date "1869" and a likeness of Chief Sealth in left profile. Seattle has a history of boom-and-bust cycles, like many other cities near areas of extensive natural and mineral resources. Seattle has risen several times economically gone into precipitous decline, but it has used those periods to rebuild solid infrastructure
Paul Albert Attanasio is an American screenwriter and film and television producer, an executive producer on the television series House. He received Academy Award nominations for Quiz Donnie Brasco screenplays. Paul Attanasio was born in The Bronx, New York City, the son of Connie, a real estate broker, Joseph Attanasio, a commercial consultant, he grew up in the Pelham Bay section of the Bronx, in Tenafly, New Jersey, where he attended public high school. He is a 1981 graduate of Harvard College, where he lived in Currier House, earned his law degree at Harvard Law School in 1984. Attanasio was a film critic for The Washington Post from 1984 to 1987, he started writing for television with the CBS sitcom Doctor Doctor and the NBC crime drama Homicide: Life on the Street, for which he holds a'Created by' credit. In 1995 he won a BAFTA for his screenplay adaptation for the drama Quiz Show, he wrote the screenplays for the thriller Disclosure, the gangster movie Donnie Brasco, the science fiction film Sphere, the political thriller The Sum of All Fears.
In 2000 he returned to television and started executive producing, in addition to writing, the medical drama Gideon's Crossing and the pilot for R. U. S. H. Along with David Shore, he is one of the creators of the TV series House, of which he was executive producer. In 2006 he wrote the screenplay for the dramatic film The Good German. In 2017, it was confirmed that Attanasio will be the writer and executive producer on the new Amazon Video series Tong Wars. Married to Katie Jacobs, he is now married to Amanda Benefiel, an artist, has three children, Annabelle and Grace, at Brown University, he is the brother of Mark Attanasio, a Los Angeles investment manager, the principal owner of the Milwaukee Brewers. Attanasio's son John, aged 16 at the time, drove a Chevrolet Camaro that his father bought for him on his 16th birthday, was filmed in a road rage incident where he shouted abuse at the other driver, calling him a "pussy ass faggot bitch", claiming that his own vehicle was "a million dollar car".
John's car was worth less than $60,000. Attanasio was featured in The Dialogue interview series. In a 90-minute interview with producer Mike DeLuca, he describes how he went from lambasting movies as a "snotty" Washington Post film critic to developing rewarding creative partnerships with Oscar-winning directors Robert Redford, Barry Levinson, Steven Soderbergh; as Writer: Quiz Show Disclosure Donnie Brasco Sphere The Sum of All Fears The Good German As Creator: Homicide: Life on the Streets Gideon's Crossing House Bull Paul Attanasio on IMDb
A CD-ROM is a pre-pressed optical compact disc that contains data. Computers can read—but not write to or erase—CD-ROMs, i.e. it is a type of read-only memory. During the 1990s, CD-ROMs were popularly used to distribute software and data for computers and fourth generation video game consoles; some CDs, called enhanced CDs, hold both computer data and audio with the latter capable of being played on a CD player, while data is only usable on a computer. The CD-ROM format was developed by Japanese company Denon in 1982, it was an extension of Compact Disc Digital Audio, adapted the format to hold any form of digital data, with a storage capacity of 553 MiB. CD-ROM was introduced by Denon and Sony at a Japanese computer show in 1984; the Yellow Book is the technical standard. One of a set of color-bound books that contain the technical specifications for all CD formats, the Yellow Book, standardized by Sony and Philips in 1983, specifies a format for discs with a maximum capacity of 650 MiB. CD-ROMs are identical in appearance to audio CDs, data are stored and retrieved in a similar manner.
Discs are made from a 1.2 mm thick disc of polycarbonate plastic, with a thin layer of aluminium to make a reflective surface. The most common size of CD-ROM is 120 mm in diameter, though the smaller Mini CD standard with an 80 mm diameter, as well as shaped compact discs in numerous non-standard sizes and molds, are available. Data is stored on the disc as a series of microscopic indentations. A laser is shone onto the reflective surface of the disc to read the pattern of lands; because the depth of the pits is one-quarter to one-sixth of the wavelength of the laser light used to read the disc, the reflected beam's phase is shifted in relation to the incoming beam, causing destructive interference and reducing the reflected beam's intensity. This is converted into binary data. Several formats are used for data stored on compact discs, known as the Rainbow Books; the Yellow Book, published in 1988, defines the specifications for CD-ROMs, standardized in 1989 as the ISO/IEC 10149 / ECMA-130 standard.
The CD-ROM standard builds on top of the original Red Book CD-DA standard for CD audio. Other standards, such as the White Book for Video CDs, further define formats based on the CD-ROM specifications; the Yellow Book itself is not available, but the standards with the corresponding content can be downloaded for free from ISO or ECMA. There are several standards that define how to structure data files on a CD-ROM. ISO 9660 defines the standard file system for a CD-ROM. ISO 13490 is an improvement on this standard which adds support for non-sequential write-once and re-writeable discs such as CD-R and CD-RW, as well as multiple sessions; the ISO 13346 standard was designed to address most of the shortcomings of ISO 9660, a subset of it evolved into the UDF format, adopted for DVDs. The bootable CD specification was issued in January 1995, to make a CD emulate a hard disk or floppy disk, is called El Torito. Data stored on CD-ROMs follows the standard CD data encoding techniques described in the Red Book specification.
This includes cross-interleaved Reed–Solomon coding, eight-to-fourteen modulation, the use of pits and lands for coding the bits into the physical surface of the CD. The structures used to group data on a CD-ROM are derived from the Red Book. Like audio CDs, a CD-ROM sector contains 2,352 bytes of user data, composed of 98 frames, each consisting of 33-bytes. Unlike audio CDs, the data stored in these sectors corresponds to any type of digital data, not audio samples encoded according to the audio CD specification. To structure and protect this data, the CD-ROM standard further defines two sector modes, Mode 1 and Mode 2, which describe two different layouts for the data inside a sector. A track inside a CD-ROM only contains sectors in the same mode, but if multiple tracks are present in a CD-ROM, each track can have its sectors in a different mode from the rest of the tracks, they can coexist with audio CD tracks as well, the case of mixed mode CDs. Both Mode 1 and 2 sectors use the first 16 bytes for header information, but differ in the remaining 2,336 bytes due to the use of error correction bytes.
Unlike an audio CD, a CD-ROM cannot rely on error concealment by interpolation. To achieve improved error correction and detection, Mode 1, used for digital data, adds a 32-bit cyclic redundancy check code for error detection, a third layer of Reed–Solomon error correction using a Reed-Solomon Product-like Code. Mode 1 therefore contains 288 bytes per sector for error detection and correction, leaving 2,048 bytes per sector available for data. Mode 2, more appropriate for image or video data, contains no additional error detection or correction bytes, having therefore 2,336 available data bytes per sector. Note that both modes, like audio CDs, still benefit from the lower layers of error correction at the frame level. Before being stored on a disc with the techniques described above, each CD-ROM sector is scrambled to prevent some problematic patterns from showing up; these scrambled sectors follow the same encoding process described in the Red Book in order to be stored
Donal Francis Logue is a Canadian-American-Irish film and television actor and writer. His roles include starring in the film The Tao of Steve, Sons of Anarchy, the sitcom Grounded for Life, the television series Copper and the detective series Terriers, he portrays detective Harvey Bullock in Fox's Gotham and had a recurring role in NBC's Law & Order: Special Victims Unit as Lt. Declan Murphy. Donal Francis Logue was born in Ottawa, Canada, to Irish parents from County Kerry, his parents were Carmelite missionaries. Logue has three sisters: Karina and Eileen, his father is the president of Aisling Industries. Logue lived most of his childhood and teen years in El Centro, where he attended Central Union High School, although for his junior year, he attended St Ignatius' College in Enfield, Greater London, England. While in high school, Donal was the California State Champion in Impromptu Speaking and in 1983 was elected President of the American Legion Boys Nation. After high school, Logue studied history at Harvard University.
After a few TV movies, Logue first appeared in film playing Dr. Gunter Janek in the 1992 film Sneakers. In 1993, he portrayed Capt. Ellis Spear in Gettysburg. In 1993, he guest starred on the Northern Exposure episode "Baby Blues" playing a movie script agent, Judd Bromell. Logue appeared as an FBI agent in The X-Files episode "Squeeze." Logue's character Jimmy. He appeared in Blade and The Patriot, in 2000, he appeared in two of Edward Burns films: The Groomsmen. Logue's portrayal as the lead in The Tao of Steve won him a Special Grand Jury Prize for best actor at the 2000 Sundance Film Festival, was noticed by ER producer John Wells, who cast Logue in several episodes as Chuck Martin, a nurse Dr. Susan Lewis marries one weekend in Las Vegas on a whim, has a child with. Concurrent with the run on ER, Logue starred in the critically acclaimed comedy Grounded for Life. In December 2005, Logue had a pilot development deal for a new situation comedy on ABC television titled I Want to Rob Mick Jagger.
The pilot was debuted in the winter of 2006 under the name The Knights of Prosperity. The show disappeared from the ABC lineup in early March 2007. Logue appeared in a supporting role in Just Like Heaven. Logue had appeared as Phil Stubbs in the original pilot for the NBC show Ed, but dropped out to star in the sitcom Grounded for Life; the first two and a half seasons of Grounded for Life were telecast on the Fox network. In 2002 and 2003, Logue appeared on the VH1 "I Love..." series instalments'80s,'70s, and'80s Strikes Back. In 2010, Logue appeared on House, M. D. as millionaire patient Curtis Harry. Logue appeared in NBC's The Dennis, in 2005, about a former child prodigy whose parents kick him out of the house and into the real world, it was not picked up, however. Logue co-starred with Nicolas Cage in the movie Ghost Rider, the David Fincher film Zodiac, alongside Mark Wahlberg in the 20th Century Fox film Max Payne. In 2008, Logue appeared in the Jack Kerouac documentary One Fast Move or I'm Gone: Kerouac's Big Sur.
Logue starred as Captain Kevin Tidwell in the NBC crime drama Life from 2008–2009. On May 4, 2009, NBC announced. Logue starred in FX series Terriers, cancelled due to low ratings with great reviews from the press such as the Times. After the cancellation of Terriers, Logue gave up working in show business for six to nine months. According to his friend and fellow actor W. Earl Brown, he was so frustrated with the cancellation that he left Hollywood to become a truck driver hauling timber in Oregon, he came back to Hollywood to continue acting. Logue starred as the main character in Theory of a Deadman's music video for the song "Lowlife," off their 2011 release, The Truth Is.... In late 2012, Logue joined the casts of Sons of Anarchy as renegade ex-U. S. Marshal Lee Toric, out for revenge for the murder of his sister and Vikings as King Horik. In 2013, he joined the cast of BBC America's show Copper as a returning Union General turned Tammany Hall insider, General Brendan Donovan, he returned to Sons of Anarchy and Vikings to reprise his roles from the previous seasons.
Logue had roles in two 2013: CBGB with Alan Rickman and 9 Full Moons with Amy Seimetz and Bret Roberts. Between March and May 2014, he appeared in six episodes of the NBC police procedural, legal drama, Law & Order: Special Victims Unit as Lieutenant Declan Murphy, a former undercover officer appointed as acting commander of the Special Victims Unit. Since 2014, he has portrayed Harvey Bullock in the police procedural series Gotham, based on the DC Comics Batman franchise. In 2015, Logue appeared in Adam Massey's thriller film The Intruders. Logue travels back and forth to Killarney, County Kerry, where his mother lives, holds both Irish and Canadian citizenship. Logue has homes in Los Oregon; when not acting, Logue is involved in soccer, plays for the Los Angeles-based amateur team Hollywood United. Logue has a Class-A Commercial Drivers License and is licensed to drive tractor-trailers with double or triple trailers and hazardous materials, he has a hardwood company with one partner called Frison-Logue Hardwood, a trucking company called Aisling Trucking with two partners based out of Central Point, which the three founded in 2012.
Logue was married or in a long-term committed relationship with Kasey Walker known as Kasey Smith. They have a son named Finn, a daughter, born Arlo