Disclosure is a novel by Michael Crichton and published in 1994. The novel is set at a fictional computer hardware manufacturing company in the mid-1990s; the plot concerns protagonist Tom Sanders and his struggle to prove that he was sexually harassed by his female employer. Tom Sanders, the head of advanced products manufacturing at DigiCom, expects to be promoted to run the advanced products division after DigiCom's merger with a publishing house. Instead, the promotion is given to his ex-girlfriend, Meredith Johnson, who moved to Seattle from the company's headquarters in Cupertino, California; that day, Meredith calls Tom into her office, ostensibly to discuss an advanced CD-ROM drive. She aggressively tries to resume their relationship, despite Tom's repeated attempts to resist; when he spurns her sexual advances, Meredith angrily vows to make him pay. The next morning, Tom discovers that Meredith has retaliated by falsely accusing him of sexual harassment. DigiCom president Bob Garvin, fearing that the incident could jeopardize the merger, tells the company's general counsel, Phil Blackburn, to propose transferring Tom to the company's Austin facility.
However, Tom's division is due to be spun off as a publicly traded company after the merger, if he's transferred, he will lose stock options which would make him a wealthy man. In addition, Tom's coworkers treat him with animosity. Out of options, Tom gets in touch with Seattle attorney Louise Fernandez, who agrees to take the case. Tom threatens to sue Meredith and DigiCom for sexual harassment unless Meredith is fired, throwing the merger and his future with the company in jeopardy. During a mediation, Tom discovers that when he called one of his colleagues, John Levin, about the problems with the drive, John's answering machine recorded the whole incident with Meredith, he and Louise discover that DigiCom officials have known for some time that Meredith has a history of unwelcome advances toward male coworkers, yet did nothing to stop it. Confronted with this evidence, DigiCom is forced to agree to a settlement in which Meredith is pushed out and Tom is restored to his former post; that night, Tom gets an email from "A Friend" warning him.
He overhears Meredith and Phil planning to make it look like Tom is responsible for defects in the CD-ROM project, thereby giving DigiCom an excuse to fire him for incompetence. Tom is unable to access the company database to prove his innocence, since Meredith has revoked his authorization, he circumvents the block through a prototype of the company's virtual reality machine that visualizes data. Tom discovers that Meredith changed the quality control specifications at the Malaysian plant manufacturing the drive; these changes, ostensibly to appease Malaysian government demands and cut costs, resulted in the defects. With the help of one of his Malaysian colleagues, Tom obtains enough evidence to turn the tables on Meredith and Phil, resulting in them getting fired instead. However, the merger does not go through, Tom does not receive his promotion and the novel's epilogue states that both Phil and Meredith found much better jobs elsewhere; the primary theme is sexual harassment. According to Crichton, it is based on a true story of a male protagonist, being sexually harassed by a female executive, reversing the expected gender roles.
The book has been referred to as both anti-feminist. Crichton offered a rebuttal at the close of the novel which states that a "role-reversal" story uncovers aspects of the subject that would not be as seen with a female protagonist. Minor threads of the plot include two issues which have become relevant in the 21st century IT industry: outsourced American manufacturing and virtual reality; the book explores the implications of outsourcing American manufacturing to developing worlds through the fictional case study of disk drives that the protagonist's company is manufacturing in an Asian country. The drives are failing at higher rates than due to the Malaysian government's demands for more manpower instead of automation, which would have produced better drives. Virtual reality is addressed as the protagonist's company is building a head-up display for a small virtual world created for data retrieval and other purposes. In addition to sexual harassment, issues of management theory, gender roles, justice are explored.
In 1994, Disclosure, a film adaptation of the novel was released. It starred Michael Douglas, Donald Sutherland and Dennis Miller. Reviews to the movie was a box office hit, as it made over $214 million worldwide. An unofficial Indian remake of the film titled Aitraaz was released in 2004, it starred Akshay Kumar and Priyanka Chopra in Douglas and Moore's roles with Kareena Kapoor as Kumar's wife. The Hindi film was remade in Kannada as Shrimathi. Reviews were favourable; the New York Times's Christopher Lehmann-Haupt said of Disclosure that it is:an elaborate provocation of rage in which a thousand fragments of revenge fall into place, like acid rain on wildfire. Meanwhile, Mr. Crichton irrelevantly entertains us with a complex vision of the digital future, complete with cellular phones the size of credit cards, CD-ROM players that can store 600 books and database environments you can walk around in with the guidance of a helpful angel who cracks wise. In a review comparing the novel with the film adaptation, Nathan Rabin expressed a negative view: he described Disclosure as "loathsome" and "borderline-unreadable", inferior to its film version.
Rabin criticized the novel's characterization: "Not since Atlas Shrugged has a novelist strayed so egregiously from plausible human be
Michelle Marie Pfeiffer is an American actress and producer. One of the most popular actresses of the 1980s and 1990s, she has received international acclaim and many accolades for her work in both comedic and dramatic films. Noted for her versatility as a character actress, Pfeiffer has become known for portraying nuanced and unglamorous distant women as well as strong female characters with intense sex appeal. Pfeiffer is considered to be among the most talented actresses of her generation. Pfeiffer began to pursue an acting career in 1978. After accepting several minor roles in television series and films, her first leading role was in the musical film Grease 2, the sequel to the popular 1978 film which, despite being critically and commercially unsuccessful, increased public interest in Pfeiffer. Frustrated with being typecast as the token pretty girl, Pfeiffer pursued more serious material, she received strong reviews for her breakout performance as gangster moll Elvira Hancock in the crime film Scarface, while her performance as one-third of the titular trio in the dark fantasy The Witches of Eastwick proved to be one of her first box office successes, Pfeiffer's starring role in Married to the Mob, in which she was cast against type as a mobster's widow, earned the actress her first of several consecutive Golden Globe Award nominations.
Her subsequent roles in Dangerous Liaisons and The Fabulous Baker Boys garnered her two Academy Award nominations, for Best Supporting Actress and Best Actress, respectively. After starring as the titular waitress in the romantic comedy Frankie and Johnny, Pfeiffer achieved widespread recognition as Catwoman / Selina Kyle in Tim Burton's superhero film Batman Returns, she earned a third Academy Award nomination for Love Field before starring in the critically acclaimed The Age of Innocence, followed by Wolf, What Lies Beneath, White Oleander. During this time, she produced a series of films under her production company Via Rosa Productions. After a five-year hiatus from film acting, she appeared in Hairspray, Chéri, Dark Shadows, she received her first Emmy Award nomination for portraying Ruth Madoff in the HBO television film The Wizard of Lies, garnered further critical acclaim for her role in Where Is Kyra?. She appeared in the ensemble films Murder on the Orient Express and Ant-Man and the Wasp.
She will appear in the upcoming film Maleficent: Mistress of Evil. Pfeiffer was born in Santa Ana, the second of four children of Richard Pfeiffer, an air-conditioning contractor, Donna, a housewife, she has one elder brother and two younger sisters, Dedee Pfeiffer, a television and film actress, Lori Pfeiffer. Her parents were both from North Dakota, her paternal grandfather was of German ancestry and her paternal grandmother was of English, French and Dutch descent, while her maternal grandfather was of Swiss-German descent and her maternal grandmother of Swedish ancestry. The family moved to Midway City. Pfeiffer attended Fountain Valley High School, graduating in 1976, she worked as a check-out girl at Vons supermarket, attended Golden West College where she was a member of Alpha Delta Pi sorority. After a short stint training to be a court stenographer, she decided upon an acting career, she won the Miss Orange County beauty pageant in 1978, participated in the Miss California contest the same year, finishing in sixth place.
Following her participation in these pageants, she acquired an acting agent and began to audition for television and films. Pfeiffer made her acting debut in a one-episode appearance of Fantasy Island. Other roles on television series followed, including Delta House, CHiPs, Enos and BAD Cats. Pfeiffer transitioned to film with the comedy The Hollywood Knights, with Tony Danza, appearing as high school sweethearts, she subsequently played supporting roles in Falling in Love Again with Susannah York and Charlie Chan and the Curse of the Dragon Queen, none of which met with much critical or box office success. She appeared in a television commercial for Lux soap, took acting lessons at the Beverly Hills Playhouse, before appearing in three 1981 television movies – Callie and Son, with Lindsay Wagner, The Children Nobody Wanted and Splendor in the Grass. Pfeiffer obtained her first major film role as the female lead in Grease 2, the sequel to the smash-hit musical film Grease. With only a few television roles and small film appearances, the 23-year-old Pfeiffer was an unknown actress when she attended the casting call audition for the role, but according to director Patricia Birch, she won the part because she "has a quirky quality you don't expect".
The film was a critical and commercial failure, but The New York Times remarked: "lthough she is a relative screen newcomer, Miss Pfeiffer manages to look much more insouciant and comfortable than anyone else in the cast." Despite escaping the critical mauling, her agent admitted that her association with the film meant that "she couldn't get any jobs. Nobody wanted to hire her." On her early screen roles, she asserted: "I needed to learn how to act... in the meantime, I was playing bimbos and cashing in on my looks."Director Brian De Palma, having seen Grease 2, refused to audition Pfeiffer for Scarface (19
Annette Carol Bening is an American actress. She began her career on stage with the Colorado Shakespeare Festival company in 1980, played Lady Macbeth in 1984 at the American Conservatory Theatre, she was nominated for the 1987 Tony Award for Best Featured Actress in a Play for her Broadway debut in Coastal Disturbances. She is a four-time Academy Award nominee for the films: The Grifters, American Beauty, Being Julia, The Kids Are All Right. In 2006, she received a film star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame. Bening won the BAFTA Award for Best Actress and the Screen Actors Guild Award for Performance by a Female Actor in a Leading Role for American Beauty, two Golden Globe Awards for Being Julia and The Kids Are All Right, was nominated for a Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Lead Actress in a Miniseries or a Movie for Mrs. Harris. In 2019, she played the roles of Supreme Intelligence and Mar-Vell / Wendy Lawson in the Marvel Cinematic Universe's Captain Marvel, which became her highest grossing release.
Bening was born in Topeka, the daughter of Shirley Katherine and Arnett Grant Bening. Her mother was a church singer and soloist, her father was a sales training consultant and insurance salesman, her parents, natives of Iowa, were practicing conservative Republicans. She is of German and English descent; the youngest of four children, she has two older brothers Bradley and Byron. The family moved to Kansas in 1959, where she spent her early childhood. In 1965, her father took a job with a company in San Diego and they moved there, she began playing the lead in The Sound of Music. She graduated in 1975 from Patrick Henry High School, she spent a year working as a cook on a charter boat taking fishing parties out on the Pacific Ocean, scuba diving for recreation. Bening attended San Diego Mesa College completed an academic degree in theatre arts at San Francisco State University. Bening began her career on stage with the Colorado Shakespeare Festival company in 1980, appeared in plays at the San Diego Repertory Theatre.
She was a member of the acting company at the American Conservatory Theater in San Francisco while studying acting as part of the Advanced Theatre Training Program. There, she starred in such productions as Shakespeare's Macbeth as Lady Macbeth. Bening starred in productions of Pygmalion and The Cherry Orchard at the Denver Center Theatre Company during the 1985–86 season, she made her Broadway debut in 1987, garnering a Tony Award nomination for Best Featured Actress in a Play for her performance in Coastal Disturbances. Bening co-starred with Colin Firth in Valmont, she made her breakout role in The Grifters, in which she was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress. In 1991, she portrayed Virginia Hill in Barry Levinson's biopic Bugsy, alongside Warren Beatty. Bening co-starred with Harrison Ford in Regarding Henry. In 1994, Bening and Beatty starred together again, in Love Affair. In 1995, Bening played the female lead in The American President, with Michael Douglas, a role she followed with Tim Burton's sci-fi spoof Mars Attacks!, The Siege, a thriller with Denzel Washington and Bruce Willis.
Bening starred in Sam Mendes' directorial debut film American Beauty. The film won five Academy Awards, including for Best Picture. For her performance, she was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Actress and won the Screen Actors Guild Award for Outstanding Performance by a Female Actor in a Leading Role. Bening starred in other films, including In Dreams and What Planet Are You From?. Bening played Sue Barlow in Open Range, she played the title role in Being Julia, in which she won a Golden Globe, NBR Best Actress, was a runner-up for NYFCC and was nominated by SAG and for the Academy Award for her performance. She was nominated for a Primetime Emmy Award for her role of Jean Harris the 2005 HBO film Mrs. Harris, she replaced Julianne Moore to star in the film adaptation of Running with Scissors, for which she was nominated for a Golden Globe. Bening starred in The Women remake. In 2009, Bening starred in a new interpretation of the Euripides classic Medea at UCLA's Freud Playhouse, she received positive reviews for her performance in Child.
In 2010, she starred in Joanna Murray-Smith's comedy The Female of the Species at the Geffen Playhouse in Los Angeles. That year, Bening received strong critical acclaim for her performance in The Kids Are All Right, with several reviewers noting that she "deserves an Oscar" for her "sublime" performance. For her role, Bening won a Golden Globe, NYFFC Best Actress, was runner-up for NSFC, was nominated by SAG and BAFTA and for the Academy Award. In 2012, Bening's audiobook recording of Virginia Woolf's Mrs. Dalloway was released at Audible.com. In 2014, she starred in Shakespeare's King Lear at the Delacorte Theater in Central Park, as part of the Public Theatre's Free Shakespeare in the Park, it marked her first New York stage appearance in twenty years. In 2016, Bening starred in Mike Mills's comedy-drama 20th Century Women alongside Elle Fanning, Greta Gerwig, Billy Crudup, she earned a Golden Globe nomination for her performance In 2017, She in Film Stars Don't Die in Liverpoolas Gloria Grahame alongside Jamie Bell, Vanessa Redgrave, Julie Walters.
She was nominated for a BAFTA Award for Best Actress in a Leading Role for her performance. In 2019, Benning is set to return to the Broadway stage after a 32-year absence, she will star in the revival of A
Barry Levinson is an American filmmaker and actor. Levinson's best-known works are mid-budget drama films such as Diner, he won the Academy Award for Best Director for Rain Man which won the Academy Award for Best Picture. Levinson was born in Baltimore, the son of Violet "Vi" and Irvin Levinson, who worked in the furniture and appliance business, his family is of Russian Jewish descent. Levinson's first writing work was for variety shows such as The Marty Feldman Comedy Machine, The Lohman and Barkley Show, The Tim Conway Show, The Carol Burnett Show. After some success as a screenwriter – notably the Mel Brooks comedies Silent Movie and High Anxiety and the Oscar-nominated script... And Justice for All – Levinson began his career as a director with Diner, for which he had written the script and which earned him an Oscar nomination for Best Original Screenplay. Diner was the first of four films set in the Baltimore of Levinson's youth; the other three were Tin Men, a story of aluminum-siding salesmen in the 1960s starring Richard Dreyfuss and Danny DeVito.
His biggest hit, both critically and financially, was Rain Man, a sibling drama starring Dustin Hoffman and Tom Cruise. The film won four Academy Awards, including Best Director, it won the Golden Bear at the 39th Berlin International Film Festival. Levinson directed starring Robert Redford. Redford would direct Quiz Show, cast Levinson as television personality Dave Garroway. Levinson directed the classic war comedy Good Morning, starring Robin Williams, with whom he collaborated on the fantasy Toys and the political comedy Man of the Year. Levinson directed the critically acclaimed historical crime drama Bugsy, which starred Warren Beatty and was nominated for ten Academy Awards, he directed Dustin Hoffman again in Wag the Dog, a political comedy co-starring Robert De Niro about a war staged in a film studio. The film won the Silver Bear – Special Jury Prize at the 48th Berlin International Film Festival. Levinson partnered with producer Mark Johnson to form the film production company Baltimore Pictures.
The two parted ways in 1994. Levinson has been a producer or executive producer for such major productions as The Perfect Storm, directed by Wolfgang Petersen, he has a television production company with Tom Fontana and served as executive producer for a number of series, including Homicide: Life on the Street and the HBO prison drama Oz. Levinson played an uncredited main role as a judge in the short-lived TV series The Jury. Levinson published his first novel, Sixty-Six, in 2003. Like several of his films, it is set in Baltimore in the 1960s, he directed two webisodes of the American Express ads "The Adventures of Seinfeld and Superman". In 2004, Levinson was the recipient of the Austin Film Festival's Distinguished Screenwriter Award. Levinson directed a documentary PoliWood about the 2008 Democratic and Republican National Conventions; the documentary, produced by Tim Daly, Robin Bronk and Robert E. Baruc, had its premiere at the 2009 Tribeca Film Festival. Levinson is developing a film based on the Boston crime boss.
The film Black Mass is based on the book by Dick Lehr and Gerard O'Neill, is said to be the "true story of Billy Bulger, Whitey Bulger, FBI agent John Connelly and the FBI's witness protection program, created by J. Edgar Hoover."Levinson finished production on The Humbling, starring Al Pacino. Levinson directed Rock the Kasbah, written by Mitch Glazer; the film starred Bill Murray, Bruce Willis, Kate Hudson, Zooey Deschanel, Leem Lubany, Scott Caan, Danny McBride, Kelly Lynch, Arian Moayed, Taylor Kinney, Beejan Land. In 2010 Levinson received the Laurel Award for Screenwriting Achievement, the lifetime achievement award from the Writers Guild of America. Executive producer only Kafka Wilder Napalm A Little Princess Donnie Brasco The Perfect Storm Analyze That Deliver Us from Eva Executive producer only Official website Barry Levinson on IMDb Barry Levinson at AllMovie Barry Levinson at The Interviews: An Oral History of Television Barry Levinson on Charlie Rose
Donal Francis Logue is a Canadian-American-Irish film and television actor and writer. His roles include starring in the film The Tao of Steve, Sons of Anarchy, the sitcom Grounded for Life, the television series Copper and the detective series Terriers, he portrays detective Harvey Bullock in Fox's Gotham and had a recurring role in NBC's Law & Order: Special Victims Unit as Lt. Declan Murphy. Donal Francis Logue was born in Ottawa, Canada, to Irish parents from County Kerry, his parents were Carmelite missionaries. Logue has three sisters: Karina and Eileen, his father is the president of Aisling Industries. Logue lived most of his childhood and teen years in El Centro, where he attended Central Union High School, although for his junior year, he attended St Ignatius' College in Enfield, Greater London, England. While in high school, Donal was the California State Champion in Impromptu Speaking and in 1983 was elected President of the American Legion Boys Nation. After high school, Logue studied history at Harvard University.
After a few TV movies, Logue first appeared in film playing Dr. Gunter Janek in the 1992 film Sneakers. In 1993, he portrayed Capt. Ellis Spear in Gettysburg. In 1993, he guest starred on the Northern Exposure episode "Baby Blues" playing a movie script agent, Judd Bromell. Logue appeared as an FBI agent in The X-Files episode "Squeeze." Logue's character Jimmy. He appeared in Blade and The Patriot, in 2000, he appeared in two of Edward Burns films: The Groomsmen. Logue's portrayal as the lead in The Tao of Steve won him a Special Grand Jury Prize for best actor at the 2000 Sundance Film Festival, was noticed by ER producer John Wells, who cast Logue in several episodes as Chuck Martin, a nurse Dr. Susan Lewis marries one weekend in Las Vegas on a whim, has a child with. Concurrent with the run on ER, Logue starred in the critically acclaimed comedy Grounded for Life. In December 2005, Logue had a pilot development deal for a new situation comedy on ABC television titled I Want to Rob Mick Jagger.
The pilot was debuted in the winter of 2006 under the name The Knights of Prosperity. The show disappeared from the ABC lineup in early March 2007. Logue appeared in a supporting role in Just Like Heaven. Logue had appeared as Phil Stubbs in the original pilot for the NBC show Ed, but dropped out to star in the sitcom Grounded for Life; the first two and a half seasons of Grounded for Life were telecast on the Fox network. In 2002 and 2003, Logue appeared on the VH1 "I Love..." series instalments'80s,'70s, and'80s Strikes Back. In 2010, Logue appeared on House, M. D. as millionaire patient Curtis Harry. Logue appeared in NBC's The Dennis, in 2005, about a former child prodigy whose parents kick him out of the house and into the real world, it was not picked up, however. Logue co-starred with Nicolas Cage in the movie Ghost Rider, the David Fincher film Zodiac, alongside Mark Wahlberg in the 20th Century Fox film Max Payne. In 2008, Logue appeared in the Jack Kerouac documentary One Fast Move or I'm Gone: Kerouac's Big Sur.
Logue starred as Captain Kevin Tidwell in the NBC crime drama Life from 2008–2009. On May 4, 2009, NBC announced. Logue starred in FX series Terriers, cancelled due to low ratings with great reviews from the press such as the Times. After the cancellation of Terriers, Logue gave up working in show business for six to nine months. According to his friend and fellow actor W. Earl Brown, he was so frustrated with the cancellation that he left Hollywood to become a truck driver hauling timber in Oregon, he came back to Hollywood to continue acting. Logue starred as the main character in Theory of a Deadman's music video for the song "Lowlife," off their 2011 release, The Truth Is.... In late 2012, Logue joined the casts of Sons of Anarchy as renegade ex-U. S. Marshal Lee Toric, out for revenge for the murder of his sister and Vikings as King Horik. In 2013, he joined the cast of BBC America's show Copper as a returning Union General turned Tammany Hall insider, General Brendan Donovan, he returned to Sons of Anarchy and Vikings to reprise his roles from the previous seasons.
Logue had roles in two 2013: CBGB with Alan Rickman and 9 Full Moons with Amy Seimetz and Bret Roberts. Between March and May 2014, he appeared in six episodes of the NBC police procedural, legal drama, Law & Order: Special Victims Unit as Lieutenant Declan Murphy, a former undercover officer appointed as acting commander of the Special Victims Unit. Since 2014, he has portrayed Harvey Bullock in the police procedural series Gotham, based on the DC Comics Batman franchise. In 2015, Logue appeared in Adam Massey's thriller film The Intruders. Logue travels back and forth to Killarney, County Kerry, where his mother lives, holds both Irish and Canadian citizenship. Logue has homes in Los Oregon; when not acting, Logue is involved in soccer, plays for the Los Angeles-based amateur team Hollywood United. Logue has a Class-A Commercial Drivers License and is licensed to drive tractor-trailers with double or triple trailers and hazardous materials, he has a hardwood company with one partner called Frison-Logue Hardwood, a trucking company called Aisling Trucking with two partners based out of Central Point, which the three founded in 2012.
Logue was married or in a long-term committed relationship with Kasey Walker known as Kasey Smith. They have a son named Finn, a daughter, born Arlo
Four Seasons Hotels and Resorts
Four Seasons Hotels Limited, trading as Four Seasons Hotels and Resorts, is an international luxury hospitality company headquartered in Toronto, Canada. Four Seasons operates more than 100 hotels worldwide. Since 2007, Bill Gates and Prince Al-Waleed bin Talal have been majority owners of the company. Canadian businessman Isadore Sharp founded Four Seasons in 1960. While a young architect working for his father, Sharp designed a motel for a family friend, he bought a large parcel of land in a run-down area of Toronto and planned a stopover for business travellers. Four Seasons built more hotels, including the 1963 Inn on the Park, a $4 million two-story resort hotel in suburban Toronto that housed Canada's first discothèque. Upscale luxury became part of the brand; when a developer approached Four Seasons about building a hotel in London, Sharp planned it to compete with the city's old-world, elite hotels, such as Claridge's and The Connaught. The hotel opened in 1970. In 1974, cost overruns at the Four Seasons Hotel Vancouver nearly led the company into bankruptcy.
As a result, the company began shifting to its current, management-only business model, eliminating costs associated with buying land and buildings. The company went public in 1986. In the 1990s, Four Seasons and Ritz-Carlton began direct competition, with Ritz-Carlton emphasizing a uniform look while Four Seasons emphasized local architecture and styles with uniform service. Built in 1986, Four Seasons Hotel Austin is a nine-story hotel on 2.3 acres of land on the Lady Bird Lake's north shore. In 1997, Four Seasons Hotel Austin became the first hotel to have "a high-speed wireless Internet network" after Wayport, Inc. set it up there for testing wireless Internet networks. The hotel hosted Queen Elizabeth II in 1991, it was acquired by Anbang Insurance Group from the Blackstone Group for $359.7 million in 2016. Economic downturns in the early and mid-2000s affected the company; when the September 11 attacks caused the collapse of the travel industry, Four Seasons refused to cut room prices in order to preserve the perceived value of the brand, which caused tension with property owners who were losing money.
The company recovered, in 2007 it agreed to a buyout by Microsoft Chairman Bill Gates and Prince Al-Waleed bin Talal of Saudi Arabia for $3.8 billion. The pair own 95 percent of the company, in equal shares, Sharp owns the rest. Challenges returned again during the financial crisis of 2007–2010; the company made the first corporate layoffs in its history. In April 2010, after a year-long dispute with Broadreach Capital Partners and Maritz, Wolff & Co. owners of the Aviara resort near San Diego, an arbitration panel ruled that, while both parties contributed to the demise of the business relationship, Four Seasons had not violated its management agreement. The arbitrators ordered Broadreach to pay Four Seasons to terminate the contract." The resort is no longer a Four Seasons. Four Seasons has continued to add more resorts to its portfolio, notably in China, it opened a new hotel in Hangzhou in 2010 and Guangzhou, a second property in Shanghai in 2012. In India, it has one hotel in Mumbai. In 2013, it opened its first hotel in Russia in the Lobanov-Rostovsky Palace in St. Petersburg, opened a second hotel in Moscow.
In Indonesia, it has another two in Bali. In October 2012, Four Seasons opened a new 259 room Toronto hotel in Yorkville, designed by internationally known design firm Yabu Pushelberg; the hotel includes an upscale restaurant led by celebrity chef Daniel Boulud. It was hailed by The Globe and Mail as "the renewal of an iconic Canadian brand in its hometown"; the penthouse was bought by entrepreneur Robert Österlund for a Canadian record price of over $28 million. In 2009, founder Sharp wrote, it contained a historical chronicle of the hotels since its inception. Four Seasons does not own any of its properties; the contracts between Four Seasons and property owners permit the company to participate in the design of the property and run it with nearly total control over every aspect of the operation. Four Seasons earns three percent of the gross income and about five percent of profits from the properties it operates, the property owners are required to additionally contribute money for chain-wide sales and reservations systems.
Four Seasons hotels have larger staffs than competing chains, the company maintains separate reserve accounts for each hotel to cover upkeep costs. Profit margins are low, but the brand attracts developers through the hotels' reputation as solid assets for loan collateral or resale. Four Seasons produces a complimentary magazine for guests, supported by advertising revenue. Four Seasons has Four Seasons Residence Clubs. Four Seasons Hotels and Resorts began offering vacation rentals in June 2014. Titled Residential Rentals, the properties are available in: North America. Africa and Asia. Residential Rentals provide the same services as Four Seasons Hotels and Resorts in a residential setting. Customers are multi-generational vacationers and small group travellers; the first stand alone F