Wind Leaves (Kahn)
Wind Leaves is a public artwork by American artist Ned Kahn located on the downtown lakefront Pier Wisconsin in Milwaukee, United States. It was created in 2006 and consists of a series of seven 30 ft tall structures made from aluminum and stainless steel; the structures, which move with the wind, have leaf forms at the top covered by thousands of stainless steel disks. The seven 30 ft. structures that make up Wind Leaves each have a semi-circular form at the top, covered by stainless steel disks. This provides a sparkling surface that reflects its surroundings such as the lakefront, city traffic at night, the sunset. There are hand wheels on the support columns that allow the viewers to interact with the sculpture by turning it. Wind Leaves has ball bearings in the columns that cause the work to move with the wind; the artwork has a musical component as well. There are a group of benches with drum sticks around the columns that can be played like xylophones, there is a musical instrument that can be played by dropping pebbles into it.
Wind Leaves is an environmental sculpture located in front of Discovery World at Milwaukee's Pier Wisconsin. The piece was paid for by an anonymous donor, was designed to be placed near a grove of trees in Veteran's Park, an area north of its current location. Kahn envisioned the sculpture as a "forest of vertical elements" paying tribute to Milwaukee's big trees. Once the donor asked for the location to be changed closer to the water, the design concept changed to reflect its new surroundings. Kahn thus envisioned the present work, meant to "create the impression of being surrounded by a field of wind." "This sculpture works on many levels. First, it can be seen from sparkling against the lake and the new museum's white geometry, it draws us to it. Up close, the experience is powerful but not obtrusive. You can sit in the park and relax, while at the same time enjoy the movement of the shapes as the wind pushes them around." The money for the sculpture was provided by an anonymous donor. Environmental art
Kohl's is an American department store retail chain, operated by Kohl's Corporation. With 1,158 locations, it is the largest department store chain in the United States as of February 2013; the company was founded by Polish immigrant Maxwell Kohl, who opened a corner grocery store in Milwaukee, Wisconsin in 1927. Branching out from its successful grocery store chain, the company opened its first department store in 1962. British American Tobacco Company took a controlling interest in the company in 1972, in 1979, the Kohl family left the management of the company. A group of investors purchased the company in 1986 from British-American Tobacco and took it public in 1992; the company is headquartered in the Milwaukee suburb of Menomonee Falls, operating stores in every U. S. state except Hawaii. Kohl's became the largest department store chain in the United States in May 2012, surpassing its biggest competitor J. C. Penney; the company is listed on both the S&P 500 and the Fortune 500. In terms of revenue, the chain was the 20th-largest retailer in the United States in 2013.
As of 2013, Kohl's was the second largest U. S. department store company by retail sales. Maxwell Kohl, who had operated traditional grocery stores since 1927, built his first supermarket in 1946, the first in what would become a southeastern Wisconsin chain known as Kohl's Food Stores. In September 1962, after building Kohl's Food Stores into the largest supermarket chain in the Milwaukee area, Kohl opened his first department store in Brookfield, Wisconsin, he positioned Kohl's between the higher-end department stores and the discounters, selling everything from candy to engine oil to sporting equipment. In 1972 the British-American Tobacco Company's U. S. retail division, BATUS Inc. bought a controlling interest in Kohl's Corporation, which at the time operated 50 grocery stores, six department stores, three drug stores and three liquor stores. The Kohl family, led by Allen and Herb Kohl, continued to manage the company; the family left the management in 1979, Herbert Kohl became a United States Senator and owner of the Milwaukee Bucks.
The firm expanded Kohl's presence from 10 to 39 stores in Wisconsin and Indiana. The grocery stores were sold to A&P in 1983, operating under the name Kohl's Food Store, Kohl's Food Emporium. In February 2003, A&P put the Kohl's Food Stores as part of an effort to reduce debt. In 2003, A&P closed all Kohl's Food Stores locations. A group of investors, led by the senior management, purchased the company in 1986. Building on an existing 40 department stores, the company added 27 more stores over the next two years. In 1988, the chain acquired 26 locations from the Chicago-based retailer MainStreet, gaining several stores in Chicago's suburbs, the Twin Cities, Michigan. Kohl's completed its initial public offering on May 19, 1992 and began trading on the New York Stock Exchange under the symbol KSS. During the 2000s, Kohl's expanded nationwide to 49 states. Building from 76 stores in the Midwest in 1992, Kohl's expanded into California in 2003 with 28 new stores, the Pacific Northwest in 2006 with 10 new stores, the Southeast with 43 new stores opening between 2005 and 2008.
To raise money to repurchase its stock and open new stores, Kohl's sold its credit card division in 2006 to J. P. Morgan Chase for $1.5 billion. In 2011, Kohl's replaced Chase with Capital One as their private credit card processing partner for an undisclosed sum. Kohl's hired New York City advertising agency DeVito/Verdi in 2009 to strengthen the Kohl's brand via a series of national television and social media campaigns; the same year, Newsweek magazine ranked the company 18th overall and first in its industry in its "Green Rankings", an examination of 500 of the largest corporations on their environmental track records. Newsweek remarked that Kohl's had the largest solar power program of any retailer globally, it pursues green building certification, over 78 locations in six states have solar panels. Kohl's had begun to sell reusable shopping bags the previous year. Kohl's was awarded $62.5 million in tax credits from the Wisconsin Economic Development Corporation in 2012. The retailer was to create 3,000 jobs with the funds, but only created 473.
In the same year, Kohl's requested financing from the village of Menomonee Falls, Wisconsin to finance the building of its new headquarters there. Kohl's received $2 million, the first of five installments, to equal a total payout of $12 million, only to back out of the transaction. In 2015, the company opened the first test store of OFF/AISLE, a chain built around selling like-new clothing, home goods and accessories that were purchased and returned at Kohl's stores; the stores sell items at discounted prices, have a more restrictive return policy than typical Kohl's stores. In early January 2017, Kohl's shares fell 19% in value, in what The Wall Street Journal said was "the stock's worst day on record," and noted that it was a noticeable exception to the overall declining volatility of the market; the company ranked 157th on the 2018 Fortune 500, the annual list of the largest United States corporations, having earned revenues of $19.095 billion in 2017. Kohl's uses a "racetrack" layout with a single aisle that circles the entire store, a layout borrowed from discount stores.
In 2011, Kohl's announced plans to remodel 100 of its 1,100 locations. Changes included redone store sections, fitting rooms, newer merchandise displays. Kohl's store brands include diffusion lines from high-end designers such as Dana Buchman, Vera Wang, Narciso Rodriguez, Peter Som. Celebrities such as Avril Lavigne, Lauren Conrad, Daisy Fuentes, Jennifer Lopez, Marc Anthony, Tony Hawk have sold branded clothing through Kohl's. Kohl's private brands gener
Rockwell Automation, Inc. is an American provider of industrial automation and information technology. Brands include Rockwell Software. Headquartered in Milwaukee, Rockwell Automation employs over 22,000 people and has customers in more than 80 countries worldwide; the Fortune 500 company reported fiscal year 2017 global sales at $6.3 billion. Rockwell Automation traces its origins to 1903 and the formation of the Compression Rheostat Company, founded by Lynde Bradley and Dr. Stanton Allen with an initial investment of $1000. In 1904, 19-year-old Harry Bradley joined his brother in the business; the company's first patented product was a carbon disc compression-type motor controller for industrial cranes. The crane controller was demonstrated at the St. Louis World's Fair in 1904. In 1909, the company was renamed the Allen-Bradley Company. Allen-Bradley expanded during World War I in response to government-contracted work, its product line grew to include automatic starters and switches, circuit breakers and other electric equipment.
In 1914, Fred Loock established the company's first sales office in New York. Upon co-founder Stanton Allen's death in 1916, Lynde Bradley became president. Harry Bradley was appointed vice attorney Louis Quarles was named corporate secretary. In 1918 Allen-Bradley hired its first female factory worker, Julia Bizewski Polczynski, promoted to foreman the following year. During the 1920s, the company grew its miniature rheostat business to support the burgeoning radio industry. By the middle of this decade, nearly 50 percent of the company's sales were attributed to the radio department; the decade closed with record company sales of $3 million. By 1932, the Great Depression had taken its toll and the company posted record losses. Amid growing economic pressure, Allen-Bradley reduced its workforce from 800 to 550 and cut wages by 50 percent. To lessen the financial burden and Harry Bradley implemented a unique program: the company replaced employees’ lost wages with preferred stock; the company bought back all stock at six percent interest.
Throughout this period, Lynde Bradley supported an aggressive research and development approach intended to "develop the company out of the Depression." Lynde Bradley's R&D strategy was successful. By 1937, Allen-Bradley employment had rebounded to pre-Depression levels and company sales reached an all-time high of nearly $4 million. Following the death of Lynde Bradley in 1942, Harry Bradley became company president and Fred Loock was promoted to vice president; the Lynde Bradley Foundation, a charitable trust, was established with Lynde Bradley's assets. The foundation's first gift of $12,500 was made to Milwaukee's Community Fund, predecessor of the United Way. World War II fueled unprecedented levels of production, with 80 percent of the company's orders being war-related. Wartime orders were centered on two broad lines of products – industrial controls to speed production and electrical components or "radio parts" used in a wide range of military equipment. Allen-Bradley expanded its facilities numerous times during the 1940s to meet war-time production needs.
With Fred Loock serving as president and Harry Bradley as chairman, the company began a major $1 million, two-year expansion project in 1947. The company completed additional expansions at its Milwaukee facilities in the 1950s and 1960s, including the Allen-Bradley clock tower; the clock tower has since been renamed, is known today as the Rockwell Automation clock tower. Harry Bradley died in 1965. Fred Loock retired in 1967 and died in 1973. During the 1970s, the company expanded its production facilities and markets and entered the 1980s as a global company. With president J. Tracy O'Rourke at the helm, the company introduced a new line of programmable logic controllers, the PLC in 1981 followed by the PLC-2 Family PLC-3 SLC-100 Family SLC-500 PLC-5 Family. Earlier PLC developments were the MAC, PLC-4. In 1985 owned Allen-Bradley set a new fiscal record with sales of $1 billion. On February 20, 1985 Rockwell International purchased Allen-Bradley for $1.651 billion. For all intents and purposes, Allen-Bradley took over Rockwell's industrial automation division.
The 1990s featured continued technology development, including the company's launch of its software business, Rockwell Software, the Logix control platform and the Integrated Architecture system. Rockwell International developed a manufacturing software and technology in the 1990s. During this decade, Rockwell International acquired a power systems business, composed of Reliance Electric and Dodge; these two brands, combined with control systems brands Allen-Bradley and Rockwell Software, were marketed as Rockwell Automation. In 1998, Keith Nosbusch was named president of Rockwell Automation Control Systems. Rockwell International Corporation headquarters was moved to Wisconsin the same year. In 2002, Rockwell International split into two companies; the industrial automation division became Rockwell Automation, while the avionics division became Rockwell Collins. The split was structured so that Rockwell Automation was the legal successor of Rockwell International, while Rockwell Collins was the spin-off.
Rockwell Automation retains Rockwell International's stock price history, continues to trade on the New York Stock Exchange under the symbol "ROK". Keith Nosbusch was named chief executive officer in 2004. In 2007, Rockwell Automation sold the Power Systems division for $1.8 billion to Baldor Electric Company to focus on its core competencies in automation and information technology. In April 2016, it was announce
Denis Sullivan (schooner)
The S/V Denis Sullivan is a replica three-masted, gaff rigged schooner from Milwaukee, Wisconsin. She is a flagship of both the state of Wisconsin and of the United Nations Environment Programme; the construction of the Denis Sullivan was first proposed in 1991 by a group of Milwaukee residents and volunteers from other states. Their plan was to build a tall ship which would serve as a platform for educating people about the Great Lakes. Community involvement was welcome in the project, a thousand people donated a million volunteer hours toward the Denis Sullivan's construction. Through the efforts of both professional shipwrights and volunteers, the Denis Sullivan was completed and launched in June 2000, she departed Milwaukee for her first sail to the Caribbean in November 2000. The Denis Sullivan is not a replica of a specific vessel. Rather, her design is inspired by that of the Great Lakes cargo schooners of the 19th century. Like many of those schooners, she carries a raffee, a square-rigged fore topsail, triangular in shape.
In designing the Denis Sullivan, architects Timothy Graul Marine Services looked to several nineteenth century Great Lakes schooners for inspiration, including the Rouse Simmons, Clipper City, Alvin Clark. Above the waterline, the Sullivan resembles these earlier vessels, her shape is that of an efficient cargo carrier, her rigging and deck arrangement are authentic. She differs from her predecessors, below the waterline. Traditionally, Great Lakes cargo schooners were built with a flat bottom to minimize draft and permit sailing in shallow waters, they carried a centerboard to compensate for this. The Denis Sullivan strayed from this tradition to meet both modern Coast Guard safety requirements and the practical considerations of a passenger vessel, she has a deep hull and weighted keel, which provide greater stability to the vessel and allow for 6 feet 4 inches of head clearance in the below decks accommodations. An additional concession to safety regulations was the division of the traditional cargo hold into watertight bulkheads.
List of schooners
Miller Park is a baseball park located in Milwaukee, Wisconsin. It is home to the Milwaukee Brewers, the city's Major League Baseball franchise, was completed in 2001 as a replacement for Milwaukee County Stadium; the park is located just southwest of the intersection of Miller Park Way. The title sponsor is the Miller Brewing Company. Miller's contract with the stadium was for $40 million, runs through 2020. After this American Family Insurance will take on the naming rights beginning with the 2021 season. Miller Park features North America's only fan-shaped convertible roof, which can open and close in less than 10 minutes. Large panes of glass allow natural grass to grow, augmented with heat lamp structures wheeled out across the field during the off-season. Miller Park is one of the largest construction projects in Wisconsin history, it was built with US$290 million of public funds from a 0.1% sales tax that began January 1, 1996, is scheduled for retirement upon completion, sometime around 2017.
The tax is applied on purchases in Milwaukee County and four surrounding counties: Ozaukee, Racine and Waukesha. The tax was controversial, in part because of the notion of using public funds for a owned sports team; the state senator who cast the deciding vote in the funding bill, George Petak of Racine, lost a recall election based on his vote for the stadium. Groundbreaking took place on November 1996, in a parking lot behind County Stadium. Scheduled to open in 2000, Miller Park's construction was delayed after three construction workers were killed in an accident. A Lampson Transi-lift crane 3, brought in to build the roof, collapsed while lifting a 450-ton roof section, during windy conditions, on July 14, 1999, killing three workers. A camera crew was filming construction of the stadium on that day and captured the collapse on video as it occurred. Repair work and an investigation forced the Brewers to stay in County Stadium for one more year, until 2001. There was some talk of having the Brewers move to Miller Park in the middle of 2000, but it was determined that too many corners would need to be cut for it to be a realistic possibility.
The stadium has a retractable roof, built in a unique fan-shaped style, with the roof panels opening and closing in a sweeping manner from the first- and third-base sides toward center field. The complex and massive roof was a significant factor in the $392 million cost of the stadium, it allows the seating area to be heated 30 °F warmer than the outside temperature when closed, allowing games to be played in inclement weather and in more comfortable conditions than an open-air stadium. The idea of the stadium having a retractable roof had been considered right away in the initial design, as to help counter the unpredictable Wisconsin weather in the early spring and late autumn; the design team was appointed after a design competition in the mid-1990s. The architectural concept for the stadium was developed by the Los Angeles-based sports and entertainment team NBBJ, who worked with a Los Angeles-based team of engineers Arup, who were responsible for all stages of the structural and building services engineering design for the stadium, with the exception of the mechanical mechanisms that move the roof structure.
The original versions of these mechanisms were designed by Mitsubishi Heavy Industries America as part of a design and build contract, but they have now been replaced by new designs after their failure. The executive architect responsible for the delivery of the final stadium design was a Dallas-based team of HKS, Inc. In addition to these major players there were a significant contributions from local teams including Eppstein Uhen Architects; the stadium design followed the trend of retro-designed ballparks with current amenities that began in 1992 with Oriole Park at Camden Yards in Baltimore. The original grass playing surface was installed on March 10, 2001, with County Stadium's surface infield dirt and home plate transplanted into the new stadium; the unconventional fan-shaped retractable roof has not been without complications. Major elements of the pivot system behind home plate and the outfield roof track have been replaced after the crane incident. At the end of the 2006 season, the roof's bogie system was replaced at a cost of over $13 million.
The 10 new, 24-feet--long, 60 horsepower bogies were paid for with money from the settlement between the stadium district and Mitsubishi Heavy Industries of America. Six of the bogies weigh 66 tons apiece; the work was completed by lifting sections of the roof six inches with Enerpac hydraulic lifts, while a 300-ton crane replaced the bogies individually. "The bogies will last for the life of the facility," said Mike Duckett, executive director of the Miller Park stadium district. The project was completed by the start of the 2007 season. Another issue resulting from the design of the roof and the adjacent large glass panels is that, during day games when the roof is open, shadows cover home plate and the batters boxes, while the pitchers mound is in full sunlight; this was a safety concern for batters, was addressed during the 2010 season, when it was determined that a larger shadow would cover both home plate and the pitchers mound if only one half of the roof was opened. This tactic continues to be used.
In time for the 2006 season there were three additions to the stadium. Two sets of LED scoreboards were added. One replaced the manually operated "out of town" scoreboards along the left and right field walls with a new set of LED scoreboards along the left-field wall; the new "out of town" scoreboards show continually updated information about other Major League games, including the scor
Milwaukee Public Library
Milwaukee Public Library is the public library system in Milwaukee, United States, consisting of a central library and 13 branches, all part of the Milwaukee County Federated Library System. MPL is the largest public library system in Wisconsin; the Milwaukee Public Library can trace its lineage back to 1847 when the Young Men's Association started a subscription library that collected dues from its members. The group rented space for its library in a number of locations over the years and expanded into sponsoring a lecture series with such important speakers as Horace Mann, Horace Greeley and Ralph Waldo Emerson; the city-sponsored library began in 1878 when the state legislature authorized Milwaukee to establish a public library. At that time, it took over the association's rented quarters and the group's collection of 10,000 volumes, many in German. After several moves and several fires, the library moved into a new, block-long limestone building at what is now 814 W. Wisconsin Avenue; that building, which opened on Oct. 3, 1898, was shared with the Milwaukee Public Museum until the museum moved to its own building on West Wells Street in the mid-1960s.
In 1929 when it still shared the space with the museum, the Library was home to a lion named Simba, who lived in the taxidermy department on the fourth floor. Simba "The Library Lion" was known to play on the roof. In 1957, an addition to the Central Library building was opened on the Wells Street side, it included four fireproof levels of shelving below ground level. The library system expanded by establishing book depositories at locations around the city, first in grocery stores in rented store buildings. On June 16, 1910, the South Division branch opened in its own building at what is now 931 W. Madison Street. In the 1960s the library system began a program to replace the storefront libraries and the outdated South Division branch and build new branch buildings throughout the city. Today there are 12 neighborhood libraries, each of which serves a population of about 50,000; the most built branch library is the East Library, which re-opened in a new building to the public on November 22, 2014.
Since Milwaukee Public Library has remodeled the Tippecanoe neighborhood branch in 2015 and opened the Mitchell Street branch on October 7, 2017 in the historic Hills Building on the city's near-south side. The Mitchell Street branch replaces the Forest Home branch, which closed permanently in September of 2017; the Central Library is the headquarters for the Milwaukee Public Library System and houses the administrative offices of the Milwaukee County Federated Library System. Designated a Milwaukee Landmark in 1969, the building remains one of Milwaukee's most monumental public structures. Today, the Central Library occupies the entire building with 3 exceptions: the headquarters for the Milwaukee County Federated Library System. Atkinson Bay View Capitol Center Street East Martin Luther King Mill Road Mitchell Street MPL Express at Silver Spring Tippecanoe Villard Square Library Washington Park Zablocki Media related to Milwaukee Public Library at Wikimedia Commons Official website Milwaukee County Federated Library System
Starfish or sea stars are star-shaped echinoderms belonging to the class Asteroidea. Common usage finds these names being applied to ophiuroids, which are referred to as brittle stars or basket stars. About 1,500 species of starfish occur on the seabed in all the world's oceans, from the tropics to frigid polar waters, they are found from the intertidal zone down to 6,000 m below the surface. Starfish are marine invertebrates, they have a central disc and five arms, though some species have a larger number of arms. The aboral or upper surface may be smooth, granular or spiny, is covered with overlapping plates. Many species are brightly coloured in various shades of red or orange, while others are blue, grey or brown. Starfish have tube feet operated by a hydraulic system and a mouth at the centre of the oral or lower surface, they are opportunistic feeders and are predators on benthic invertebrates. Several species have specialized feeding behaviours including eversion of their stomachs and suspension feeding.
They can reproduce both sexually and asexually. Most can regenerate damaged parts or lost arms and they can shed arms as a means of defence; the Asteroidea occupy several significant ecological roles. Starfish, such as the ochre sea star and the reef sea star, have become known as examples of the keystone species concept in ecology; the tropical crown-of-thorns starfish is a voracious predator of coral throughout the Indo-Pacific region, the northern Pacific sea star is considered to be one of the world's 100 worst invasive species. The fossil record for starfish is ancient, dating back to the Ordovician around 450 million years ago, but it is rather sparse, as starfish tend to disintegrate after death. Only the ossicles and spines of the animal are to be preserved, making remains hard to locate. With their appealing symmetrical shape, starfish have played a part in literature, legend and popular culture, they are sometimes collected as curios, used in design or as logos, in some cultures, despite possible toxicity, they are eaten.
Most starfish have five arms that radiate from a central disc. Some species have six or seven arms and others have 10–15 arms; the Antarctic Labidiaster annulatus can have over fifty. Having descended from bilateral organisms, starfish move in a bilateral fashion, with certain arms acting like the front of the animal; the body wall consists of a thin cuticle, an epidermis consisting of a single layer of cells, a thick dermis formed of connective tissue and a thin coelomic myoepithelial layer, which provides the longitudinal and circular musculature. The dermis contains an endoskeleton of calcium carbonate components known as ossicles; these are honeycombed structures composed of calcite microcrystals arranged in a lattice. They vary in form, with some bearing external granules and spines, but most are tabular plates that fit neatly together in a tessellated manner and form the main covering of the aboral surface; some are specialised structures such as the madreporite and paxillae. Pedicellariae are compound ossicles with forceps-like jaws.
They remove debris from the body surface and wave around on flexible stalks in response to physical or chemical stimuli while continually making biting movements. They form clusters surrounding spines. Paxillae are umbrella-like structures found on starfish; the edges of adjacent paxillae meet to form a false cuticle with a water cavity beneath in which the madreporite and delicate gill structures are protected. All the ossicles, including those projecting externally, are covered by the epidermal layer. Several groups of starfish, including Valvatida and Forcipulatida, possess pedicellariae. In Forcipulatida, such as Asterias and Pisaster, they occur in pompom-like tufts at the base of each spine, whereas in the Goniasteridae, such as Hippasteria phrygiana, the pedicellariae are scattered over the body surface; some are thought to assist in defence, while others aid in feeding or in the removal of organisms attempting to settle on the starfish's surface. Some species like Labidiaster annulatus, Rathbunaster californicus and Novodinia antillensis use their large pedicellariae to capture small fish and crustaceans.
There may be papulae, thin-walled protrusions of the body cavity that reach through the body wall and extend into the surrounding water. These serve a respiratory function; the structures are supported by collagen fibres set at right angles to each other and arranged in a three-dimensional web with the ossicles and papulae in the interstices. This arrangement enables both easy flexion of the arms by the starfish and the rapid onset of stiffness and rigidity required for actions performed under stress; the water vascular system of the starfish is a hydraulic system made up of a network of fluid-filled canals and is concerned with locomotion, food manipulation and gas exchange. Water enters the system through the madreporite, a porous conspicuous, sieve-like ossicle on the aboral surface, it is linked through a stone canal lined with calcareous material, to a ring canal around the mouth opening. A set of radial canals leads off this. There are short lateral canals branching off alternately to either side of the radial canal, each ending in an ampulla.
These bulb-shaped organs are joined to tube feet on the exterior of the animal by short linking canals that pass through ossicles in the ambulacral groove. There are two rows of tube feet but in some species, the lateral c