Korazim is a community settlement in northern Israel. Located on the Korazim plateau to the north of the Sea of Galilee, it falls under the jurisdiction of Mevo'ot HaHermon Regional Council. In 2017 it had a population of 341; the village was founded in 1983 as a moshav, but after it merged with Ma'of it became a community settlement. It is found just north of the Sea of Galilee, it is named after ancient Chorazin, mentioned in the New Testament, now the site of a much-visited archaeological park, located about 1 km east of the modern village. It was founded on the land of the depopulated Palestinian village of Al-Samakiyya. Village website Talmud-era winepress, mosaic unearthed in Jewish village condemned by Jesus
A community settlement is a type of village in Israel and the West Bank. While in an ordinary town anyone may buy property, in a community settlement the village's residents are organized in a cooperative, they have the power to veto a sale of a house or a business to any buyer. Residents of a community settlement may have a particular shared ideology, religious perspective, or desired lifestyle which they wish to perpetuate by accepting only like-minded individuals. For example, a family-oriented community settlement that wishes to avoid becoming a retirement community may choose to accept only young married couples as new residents; as distinct from the traditional Israeli development village, typified by the kibbutz and moshav, the community settlement emerged in the 1970s as a non-political movement for new urban settlements in Israel. But it took shape as a new typology for settling the West Bank and the Galilee as part of the goal of establishing a'demographic balance' between Jews and Arabs.
In 2013, there were 118 community settlements with total population of 84,800 residents. The first community settlement in Israel was Neve Monosson, in the Tel Aviv Metropolitan Area, established in 1953. From 1977, the Likud led government supported expansion of Israeli Jewish settlements in the West Bank and Gaza Strip. Within a few years, community settlements were the most common localities in those regions. In 1981, the first such town, Timrat was established in the Galilee region. According to Gershom Gorenberg, the term was adopted for a type of West Bank Israeli settlement by a'maverick planner' in the Gush Emunim movement; the settlement of Ofra was to form the model for community settlements, whose founders wished to create a community that broke with the socialist model, one where people could farm run businesses, or use the exclusive exurb village to commute to work in the metropolis. All residents were to share an "ideological-social background; the planning envisaged nuclear family housing in an amenable natural ambiance.
The sum total of people in any such community was planned to be restricted to no more than a few hundred families. A seminal role in the extension of the model into the Palestinian territories was played by the World Zionist Organization and Amanah, Gush Emunim's settlement branch in the West Bank. Recognition of these exurbs as community settlements developed only since they differed from the standard norms of being'cooperative' and'productive'. Gush Emunim pushed this type of settlement, designed in dense networks, because it was best suited to hilly terrain, where agricultural and water resources were poor, where the density of Palestinian habitation high. Life was based on family networks and partial cooperation, adapted to housing white-collar people with jobs in Israel. According to Elisha Efrat, Gush Emunim intended to establish Israeli Jewish settlement as an irreversible reality in the Palestinian territories; the mountain strip community settlements were developed in two strategically parallel lines: the first central string of settlements runs parallel to the main road connecting the five major Arab cities of Jenin, Ramallah and Hebron, while the second, east to the watershed, runs parallel to the Allon Highway.
The objective of this design is to create blockages hindering Palestinians from expanding their towns in the direction of the road, impeding the conurbation of their communities lying on either sides of the road. The concept was institutionalized in the Drobless Plan drawn up by the WZO, which set down the guidelines for thwarting the establishment of a Palestinian state on the West Bank; the first community settlement, was established in 1975, four of the first five settlements were unauthorized. The reevaluation and recognition of such settlements as cooperative associations was based on the ascendancy to government of the Likud party, which seconded the rapid growth of closed exurbs in which religious nationalists played a dominant role; the Gush Emunim plan was adopted by both the World Zionist Organization and Israel's Ministry of Agriculture. With the ascendancy of the Likud Party, community settlements expanded in number: by 1987, there were a total of 95 and two years most of the 115 settlements established were of this kind.
Such settlements were attractive as destinations for "quality of life" secularists, for whom easy commuting to their metropolitan workplaces and the low cost of housing in settlements were notable incentives. Community settlements are in Israeli legal terms cooperative associations: in practice they have been defined as'private, members-only suburban village'. While in an ordinary village anyone may buy property, in a community settlement the village's residents, who are organized in a cooperative, have approval over any sale of a house or a business; each community settlement has its own selection process for admitting residents, together with mechanisms for monitoring all aspects of communal life, from religious observance and ideological rigour, to how one uses the land outside one's home. Warnings accompany observed failures to live up to the principles of the community, and, if not taken into account, can lead to expulsion; the design of these principles arose out of a perceived necessity of impeding Palestinian Israelis from residing in such settlements.
Monitoring may have a particular shared ideology, religious perspective, or desired lifestyle which they wish to perpetuate by accepting only like-minded individuals. In West Bank community settlements, single-family housing with private yards, which are emblems of status, are the most common residential type. Unlike kibbutzim and moshavim, community settlement
Districts of Israel
There are six main administrative districts of Israel, known in Hebrew as mehozot and Arabic as mintaqah and fifteen sub-districts known as nafot. Each sub-district is further divided into cities and regional councils it contains; the figures in this article are based on numbers from the Israeli Central Bureau of Statistics and so include all places under Israeli civilian rule including those Israeli-occupied territories where this is the case. Therefore, the Golan sub-district and its four natural regions are included in the number of sub-districts and natural regions though it is not recognized by the United Nations or the international community as Israeli territory; the population figure below for the Jerusalem District was calculated including East Jerusalem whose annexation by Israel is not recognized by the United Nations and the international community. The Judea and Samaria Area, however, is not included in the number of districts and sub-districts as Israel has not applied its civilian jurisdiction in that part of the West Bank.
Jerusalem District. Population: 1,083,300 Area: 653 km2District capital: Jerusalem. Northern District. Population: 1,401,300 Area: 4,473 km2District capital: Nazareth Tzfat – population: 116,000 Kinneret – population: 114,000 Yizre'el – population: 498,100 Akko – population: 624,300 Golan – population: 48,800 Haifa District. Population: 996,300 Area: 866 km2District capital: Haifa Haifa – population: 571,100 Hadera – population: 424,100 Central District. Population: 2,115,800 Area: 1,294 km2District capital: Ramla Sharon – population: 464,500 Petah Tikva – population: 719,300 Ramla – population: 338,800 Rehovot – population: 593,300 Tel Aviv District. Population: 1,388,400 Area: 172 km2District capital: Tel Aviv Southern District. Population: 1,244,200 Area: 14,185 km2District Capital: Beersheba Ashkelon – population: 532,000 Be'er Sheva – population: 712,200Formerly Hof Aza Regional Council with a population of around 10,000 Israelis was part of this district, but the Israeli communities that constituted it were evacuated when the disengagement plan was implemented in the Gaza Strip.
Only the Coordination and Liaison Administration operates there. Judea and Samaria Area. Jewish Population: 435,159 Arab/Bedouin population: 40,000.. Largest city: Modi'in Illit The name Judea and Samaria for this geographical area is based on terminology from the Hebrew and other sources relating to ancient Israel and Judah/Judea; the territory has been under Israeli control since the 1967 Six-Day War but not annexed by Israel, pending negotiations regarding its status. It is part of historic Israel. However, it is not recognized as part of the State of Israel by most nations. Geography of Israel List of cities in Israel ISO 3166-2:IL ^ a: This district includes areas captured in the 1967 Six-Day War and annexed to Israel in the Jerusalem Law. ^ b: Occupied in the 1967 Six-Day War and internationally unrecognized annexed by Israel's Golan Heights Law. Central Bureau of Statistics – detailed breakdown of each district, sub-district, natural region
Margaliot is a moshav in northern Israel. Located along the border with Lebanon in the Upper Galilee, near the town of Kiryat Shmona, it falls under the jurisdiction of Mevo'ot HaHermon Regional Council. In 2017 it had a population of 396, most of them Jews of Iranian Kurdistan descent. Margaliot was established in 1951, by Jewish immigrants from Yemen and Iraq, on the site of the Palestinian town of Hunin, which itself was a village based on the site as rebuilt by Crusaders; the moshav was renamed after Chaim Margaliot Kalverisky, who headed the Jewish Colonization Association in the Galilee in the early twentieth century, participated in the establishment of several Jewish settlements in the area. In 2006, 230 residents of Margaliot were evacuated to the Neve Hadassah youth village near Netanya due to Katyusha rocket fire from Lebanon. Yossi Sarid
The pygarg is an animal mentioned in the Bible in Deuteronomy 14:5 as one of the animals permitted for food. The Septuagint translates the Hebrew ḏîšōn as pygargos in Koiné Greek, the King James Version takes from there its term pygarg. Henry Baker Tristram proposed that the pygarg was the Saharan antelope addax and described it as "a large animal, over 3 1⁄2 feet high at the shoulder, with its gently-twisted horns, 2 1⁄2 feet feet long, its colour is pure white, with the exception of a short black mane, a tinge of tawny on the shoulders and back". Outside the biblical use, the term was applied to the Siberian roe deer in the 18th century, whose specific name is pygargus in scientific Latin; this article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Matthew George. "Pygarg". Easton's Bible Dictionary. T. Nelson and Sons
Karkom is a community settlement in northern Israel. Located in the Korazim Plateau, near the Jordan River, east of Hatzor HaGlilit and just north of the Sea of Galilee, it falls under the jurisdiction of Mevo'ot HaHermon Regional Council. In 2017 it had a population of 529; the community was founded in 1986 by residents of nearby moshavim. 160 families live in Karkom. The community is named after an old settlement in antiquity in the area, called "Karkom." Village website
Amnun is a workers' moshav in the Upper Galilee in northern Israel. Located in the Korazim Plateau, it belongs to the Mevo'ot HaHermon Regional Council and HaOved HaTzioni, a part of Hanoar Hatzioni, it is located in the Korazim region, north of the Sea of Galilee and east of Safed. In 2017 it had a population of 313; the moshav was founded by the Jewish Agency in 1983 for evacuees of former Israeli settlements in Sinai after the signing of the Egypt–Israel Peace Treaty and residents of neighboring moshavim. The name is based on the Tilapia fish, called "Amnun" in Hebrew, which lives in the nearby Kinneret lake, it was founded on the land of the depopulated Palestinian village of Al-Samakiyya