Disneyland Park (Paris)
Disneyland Park Euro Disneyland Park, is a theme park found at Disneyland Paris in Marne-la-Vallée, France. The park opened on 12 April 1992 as the first of the two parks built at the resort. Designed and built by Walt Disney Imagineering, its layout is similar to Disneyland Park in California and Magic Kingdom at Walt Disney World in Florida. Spanning 56.656 ha, it is dedicated to Disney characters. In 2016, the park hosted 8.4 million visitors, making it the most-visited theme park in Europe, the 13th-most visited theme park in the world. The park is represented by Le Château de la Belle au Bois Dormant, a replica of the fairy tale castle seen in Disney's 1959 animated film Sleeping Beauty. In order to make things more distinct and not be a mere copy of the original, modifications were made to the park's concepts and designs. Among the changes was the change of Tomorrowland to Discoveryland, giving the area a retrofuturistic theme. Other altered elements include the Haunted Mansion, redesigned as Phantom Manor and a retro, more intense version of Space Mountain.
The park's location brought forth its own challenges. Le Château de la Belle au Bois Dormant is said by its designers to have been reevaluated for a continent on which authentic castles stand. Modifications to the park were made to protect against changes in weather in the Parisian climate. Covered walkways referred to as "arcades" were added, Michael Eisner ordered the installation of 35 fireplaces in hotels and restaurants; the park, as well as its surrounding complex failed to meet financial expectations, resulting in an image change in which the word "Euro" was phased out of several names, including Euro Disney. The park was known as Euro Disney until May 1994, Euro Disneyland Paris until September 1994, Disneyland Paris until February 2002, Disneyland Park and Parc Disneyland since March 2002. Michael Eisner noted, "As Americans, the word ` Euro' is believed to mean exciting. For Europeans it turned out to be a term they associated with business and commerce. Renaming the park'Disneyland Paris' was a way of identifying it with one of the most romantic and exciting cities in the world."
Disneyland Park is divided into five themed "lands". Designed like a wheel with the hub on Central Plaza before Le Château de la Belle au Bois Dormant, pathways spoke out across the 140 acres of the park and lead to the lands; the 3 ft narrow gauge Disneyland Railroad runs along the perimeter of the park and stops in Main Street, U. S. A. Frontierland and Discoveryland. Arcade de la Liberté Arcade Découverte Tramways Tirés Par De Chevaux Véhicules de la Rue Principale Chemin de fer de Disneyland – Gare Principale Le Passage Enchanté d'Aladdin – Adventure Isle La Cabane des Robinson – La Plage des Pirates – Pirates of the Caribbean Pirate Galleon Indiana Jones et le Temple du Péril Big Thunder Mountain Phantom Manor Thunder Mesa Riverboat Landing Rustler Roundup Shootin' Gallery Pocahantas Indian Village Disneyland Railroad – Frontierland Depot Le Château de la Belle au Bois Dormant La Tanière du Dragon Le Carrousel de Lancelot Blanche-Neige et les Sept Nains Les Voyages de Pinocchio Dumbo the Flying Elephant Peter Pan's Flight Alice's Curious Labyrinth Mad Hatter's Tea Cups It's a Small World Le Pays de Contes de Fées Casey Jr.
– Le Petit Train du Cirque Meet Mickey Mouse Princess Pavilion Disneyland Paris Railroad – Fantasyland Station Buzz Lightyear Laser Blast Orbitron – Machines Volantes Autopia Arcade Beta Les Mystères du Nautilus Star Wars Hyperspace Mountain Star Tours: L'Aventure Continue – Star Tours: The Adventures Continue Discoveryland Theatre Disneyland Railroad – Discoveryland Station * 2008 – 12,688,000 * 2009 – 12,740,000 * 2010 – 10,500,000 * 2011 – 10,990,000 * 2012 – 11,500,000 * 2013 – 10,430,000 * 2014 – 9,940,000 * 2015 – 10,360,000 * 2016 – 8,400,000 * 2017 – 9,660,000Top amusement parks in Europe of annual attendance red Disneyland Paris yellow Europa-Park blue Efteling Disneyland Park hosts a range of daytime and nighttime entertainment throughout the year, although the nighttime entertainment is seasonal. Jedi Training Academy – 2015–present Disney Stars on Parade – 2017–present Disney Illuminations: 2017–present Mickey Presents Happy Anniversary Disneyland Paris – 2017–2018 Mickey's Goodnight Kiss – 2017–2018 The Starlit Princess Waltz – 2017–2018 Royal Christmas Wishes: 2015–present Mickey's Magical Christmas Lights 2015–present Disney Illuminations of Christmas 2017–present Mickey's Halloween Celebration 2013–2016, 2018-present It's Good To Be Bad with the Disney Villains 2015–present Disney's Christmas Parade 2012–present Pirates and Princesses Festival 2018–2019 Disney Illuminations Disney Dreams!
The Enchanted Fireworks Wishes Fantasy in the Sky Disney Characters Express Minnie's Party Train Disney All Stars Express Disney Dance Express Disney's 20th Anniversary Celebration Train Disney Stars on Parade Disney Magic on Parade Disney's Fantillusion Once Upon a Dream Par
Disney's Blizzard Beach
Disney's Blizzard Beach is a water theme park located at the Walt Disney World Resort in Bay Lake near Orlando, Florida. All water areas are heated, with the exception of the melting snow in the ice cave of Cross Country Creek; the park was the third Walt Disney World water park. In 2016, the park hosted 2,091,000 guests, ranking it the third-most visited water park in the world, behind its sister park, Typhoon Lagoon. Blizzard Beach is open year-round with an annual maintenance closure in the winter. During the closure, its sister park, Typhoon Lagoon, will remain open; the majority of the major attractions at the park are hosted atop of Mount Gushmore, an artificial hill with an elevation of 90 feet. Mount Gushmore is split into three colored slopes to aid guests navigating around the park: Green and Purple. According to Disney "legend," a freak snowstorm in the area led to the development of Florida's first ski resort; the snow did not last long. This left behind a collection of chair lifts; the operators were preparing to walk away.
However, they were interrupted by an echoing "YAHHOOO!!!" Coming from the mountain of melting snow. They looked up to see a blue alligator, wearing a red scarf and gold innertube, careening down the mountain at top speed. Ice Gator, the mascot landed in a pool of melted snow at the base of the mountain with a thunderous splash; the ski resort operators saw the park's potential, the mountain of snow became Blizzard Beach, "the most slushy, exhilarating water park anywhere!" The Green Slope attractions, are found at the uppermost point of Mount Gushmore. They can be accessed by chairlift; the chairlift is a one-way ride, except for guests with disabilities. Summit Plummet is the flagship attraction at 120 feet tall, speeds 60 miles per hour. It's the fastest free fall slide in the world. There is a minimum height requirement of 48 in. Summit Plummet is one of the fastest water slides on Earth. Behind "Insano" in Beach Park in Brazil which, when opened in 1989, was credited by Guinness World Records as the tallest and fastest water slide on Earth Teamboat Springs is the world's longest "family white-water raft ride" at 1,400 feet long.
This attraction sends guests down a twisting series of rushing waterfalls. Water park guests sit in large blue rubber rafts, which can hold a minimum of four and maximum of six people, equipped with handles to hold on while the gushing water takes riders down the slide. No infants are allowed and other health restrictions are advised. Slush Gusher is a 90-foot-tall, 250-foot-long snow-banked mountain gully body slide attraction that reaches speeds up to 35 miles per hour, it has two places where it levels off, only to drop back down again. As such, it is one of only a few water. Access to the Purple Slope attractions, is from a pathway next to the catch pool of Downhill Double Dipper. Downhill Double Dipper is one of the world's only side-by-side racing tube slides, it is located next to Snow Stormers on Mount Gushmore. This attraction's slides are 230 feet long. Guests travel up to speeds of 25 mph on these twin inner tube runs as they race past internationally recognized ski racing graphic elements and flags.
Time clocks count-off each downhill heat and the runs are outfitted with automated audio equipment that signals the start of each race. It is one of the few racing slides where pushoff speed is not a factor, as gates hold back riders until it is time for the race to begin; this attraction has a minimum height requirement of 48 in. Snow Stormers is a "mat slide" consisting of three flumes; this attraction sits between Downhill Double Toboggan Racers on Mount Gushmore. The attraction descends from the top of the mountain and follows a switchback course through ski-type slalom gates. Guests lie on their stomach on the toboggan style mat. Mat pickup at the top of attraction. Toboggan Racers is an 250-foot water slide next to Snow Stormers on Mount Gushmore; the attraction sends guests racing over dips as they descend the "snow" slope along the side of Mount Gushmore. Guests lie on their stomach on the toboggan style mat. Mat pickup at the top of attraction; the Red Slope is found at the rear of the park, containing only one attraction.
Runoff Rapids is a 600-foot inner tube run featuring two open and one enclosed tube slides. This attraction careens guests down twisting, turning flumes, passing through corrugated steel pipes. Tubes available at the bottom of the attraction. Guests have to be ambulatory. After reopening in 2018, after a year-long refurbishment, one of the open tube slides was closed; this attraction now only operates with one enclosed tube slide. In 2019, the third tube slide re-opened to lower lines. Melt-Away Bay is a 1-acre wave pool nestled against the base of Mount Gushmore; this attraction is fed by "melting snow" waterfalls creating "bobbing" waves. Cross Country Creek is a 3,000-foot slow-moving water attr
Cooper Robertson is an international architecture and urban design firm headquartered in New York City. Founded as Alexander Cooper and Associates by Alex Cooper in 1979, the firm has designed a number of significant planned communities, urban infill, transit-oriented developments, including Battery Park City in New York and the new communities of Celebration, Watercolor and Val d'Europe outside Paris, France. Known for architecture, open space design, university campus planning, the firm's work includes a plan for the expansion of Harvard University's campus into Allston, Massachusetts, MOMA QNS, the New Albany Country Club in New Albany, Ohio outside Columbus, the new Columbia University School of Social Work building in Upper Manhattan, the Visitor Center at the Lewis Ginter Botanical Garden in Richmond, the Framework for Campus Planning for Yale University, Zuccotti Park, numerous houses, many of which are in the Hamptons on the East End of Long Island and in the Caribbean. Alex Cooper and Jaquelin T. Robertson attended Yale College and Yale School of Architecture during the same period and worked together in the New York City Department of City Planning.
When Robertson joined the firm in 1988, the firm changed its name to Robertson & Partners. In 2015, the firm rebranded and is known as Cooper Robertson; the following is an incomplete list: Alex Cooper & Jaquelin T. Robertson, Seaside Prize from the Seaside Institute, 2002 Robertson on "the AD 100," Architectural Digest's list of the top 100 architects and interior designers whose work has been published by Architectural Digest. Jaquelin T. Robertson, Thomas Jefferson Medal in Architecture, 1998 Jaquelin T. Robertson, Driehaus Prize for Classical Architecture, 2007 Urban Land Institute Award for Excellence: Europe Competition for Val d'Europe, 2008 Prix Rotthier pour la Reconstruction de La Ville for Val d'Europe, 2008 American Institute of Architects Honor Award in Regional and Urban Design for Zuccotti Park, 2008 AIA Excellence in Design Award for MOMA QNS 2004 National AIA Citation for Excellence in Urban Design for Battery Park City Master Plan 1991 The following is an incomplete list: Battery Park City Master Plan Battery Park City Esplanade Calvin Klein Cosmetics Company Headquarters Chula Vista Bayfront Master Plan Columbia University School of Social Work Daniel Island Master Plan Disney's Hilton Head Island Resort Ethical Culture Fieldston School Lower Manhattan Streetscape Project Genesis Apartments at Union Square for HELP Henry Moore Sculpture Garden at the Nelson-Atkins Museum of Art Max M. Fisher College of Business at the Ohio State University Stuyvesant High School Val d'Europe Watercolor, Florida for the St. Joe Company WindMark Beach, Florida for the St. Joe Company Zuccotti Park MOMA QNS 2000 Master Plan for Celebration, Florida for the Disney Development Company Golf Clubhouse at Celebration, Florida 1997 Yale University Framework for Campus Planning Trinity College Campus Master Plan Fordham University at Lincoln Center Campus Master Plan Sony Pictures Imageworks Headquarters Building Stapleton Airport Redevelopment Plan Memphis Riverfront Master Plan Hudson Yards Redevelopment Project Disneyland Resort Expansion Plan Boston Seaport Public Realm Plan New Albany Country Club: Golf Clubhouse and Bath & Tennis Club The Inn At Perry Cabin International Trade Center Master Plan, Mount Olive, NJ The Institute for the Arts & Humanities at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Duke Clinic at Duke University Medical Center County of Charleston Judicial Center in Charleston, South Carolina E. Claiborne Robins Visitors Center and the Anne Holt Massey Greenhouses at the Lewis Ginter Botanical Garden Cooper, Robertson & Partners: Cities to Gardens.
The Images Publishing Group Pty Ltd, 2007 ISBN 1-86470-167-6 Cooper Robertson website
Magic Kingdom is a theme park at the Walt Disney World Resort in Bay Lake, near Orlando. Owned and operated by The Walt Disney Company through its Parks and Products division, the park opened on October 1, 1971, as the first of four theme parks at the resort; the park was designed by WED Enterprises. Its layout and attractions are based on Disneyland Park in Anaheim and are dedicated to fairy tales and Disney characters; the park is represented by Cinderella Castle, inspired by the fairy tale castle seen in the 1950 film. In 2017, the park hosted 20.450 million visitors, making it the most visited theme park in the world for the twelfth consecutive year and the most visited theme park in North America for at least the past eighteen years. Although Walt Disney had been involved in planning the Florida Project, he died before he could see the vision through. After Walt's death, Walt Disney Productions began construction on Magic Kingdom and the entire resort in 1967; the park was built as a larger, improved version of Disneyland Park in California.
There are several anecdotes regarding some of the features of Walt Disney World, Magic Kingdom specifically. According to one story, Walt Disney once saw a Frontierland cowboy walking through Tomorrowland at Disneyland, he disliked that the cowboy intruded on the futuristic setting of Tomorrowland and wanted to avoid situations like this in the new park. Therefore, Magic Kingdom was built over a series of tunnels called utilidors, a portmanteau of utility and corridor, allowing employees or VIP guests to move through the park out of sight; because of Florida's high water table, the tunnels could not be put underground, so they were built at the existing grade, meaning the park is built on the second story, giving Magic Kingdom an elevation of 108 feet. The area around the utilidors was filled in with dirt removed from the Seven Seas Lagoon, being constructed at the same time; the utilidors were not extended as the park expanded. The tunnels were intended to be designed into all subsequent Walt Disney World parks, but were set aside because of financial constraints.
Epcot's Future World and Disney Springs' Pleasure Island each have a smaller network of utilidors. Magic Kingdom opened as the first part of the Walt Disney World Resort on October 1, 1971, commencing concurrently with Disney's Contemporary Resort and Disney's Polynesian Village Resort, it opened with twenty-three attractions, three unique to the park and twenty replicas of attractions at Disneyland, split into six themed lands, five copies of those at Disneyland and the Magic Kingdom exclusive of Liberty Square. The Walt Disney Company promised to increase this number with a combination of replicas and unique attractions. While there is no individual dedication to Magic Kingdom, the dedication by Roy O. Disney for the entire resort was placed within its gates; the only land added to the original roster of lands in the park was Mickey's Toontown Fair. The land opened in 1988 as Mickey's Birthdayland to celebrate Mickey Mouse's 60th birthday; the land was renovated as Mickey's Starland and to Mickey's Toontown Fair.
The land was home to attractions such as Mickey's Country House, Minnie's Country House, The Barnstormer at Goofy's Wiseacre Farm, Donald's Boat. It closed on February 2011, to make way for the expansion of Fantasyland; the Walt Disney World Railroad station in Mickey's Toontown Fair, which opened with Mickey's Birthdayland in 1988, was closed for the duration of the construction. In 2012, the space where Mickey's Toontown Fair sat reopened as a part of Fantasyland, in a sub-land called the Storybook Circus, where the Dumbo the Flying Elephant was relocated; the Barnstormer was re-themed to The Great Goofini. Since opening day, Magic Kingdom has been closed temporarily because of seven hurricanes: Floyd, Frances, Wilma and Irma; the only non-hurricane related day the park has closed is on September 11, 2001, due to the terrorist attacks that day. In addition, there are four "phases" of park closure when Magic Kingdom exceeds capacity, ranging from restricted access for most guests to full closure for everyone cast members."Magic Kingdom" was used as an unofficial nickname for Disneyland before Walt Disney World was built.
The official tagline for Disneyland is "The Happiest Place On Earth", while the tagline for Magic Kingdom is "The Most Magical Place On Earth". Up until the early 1990s, Magic Kingdom was known as Walt Disney World Magic Kingdom, was never printed without the Walt Disney World prefix; this purpose was to differentiate between the park and Disneyland in California, is commonly referred to as the Magic Kingdom. In 1994, to differentiate it from Disneyland, the park was renamed Magic Kingdom Park, but is still known as Magic Kingdom or sometimes The Magic Kingdom. Like all Disney theme parks, the official name of the park does not start with an article, though it is referred to that way. Alcoholic beverages had been prohibited from the park since its opening, but this policy has changed in recent years. In 2012, the Be Our Guest restaurant opened selling beer for the first time; this was the only place in the park where alcohol was permitted until December 2016 when four additional restaurants began selling beer and wine including Cinderella's Royal Table, Liberty Tree Tavern, Tony's Town Square Restaurant, the Jungle Navigation Co. Ltd.
South Carolina Lowcountry
The Lowcountry is a geographic and cultural region along South Carolina's coast, including the Sea Islands. Once known for its slave-based agricultural wealth in rice and indigo dye referred to as indigo, that flourished in the hot subtropical climate, the Lowcountry today is known for its historic cities and communities, natural environment, cultural heritage, tourism industry; the term "Low Country" was all the state below the Fall Line, or the Sandhills which run the width of the state from Aiken County to Chesterfield County. These Sandhills were the ancient sea coast; the area above the Sandhills was known as "Upstate" or "Upcountry". These areas are different in geology and culture. There are several variations on the geographic extent of the Lowcountry area; the most accepted definition includes the counties of Beaufort, Colleton and Jasper. These four are covered by the Lowcountry Council of Governments, a regional governmental entity charged with regional and transportation planning, are the ones included in the South Carolina Department of Parks and Tourism's "Lowcountry and Resort Islands" area.
The area includes SC Metropolitan Statistical Area. A larger geographic definition for the Lowcountry includes Berkeley and Dorchester counties. Less the term is applied to Allendale and Williamsburg counties, it is applied to Horry County, home to Myrtle Beach and Conway and more considered its own region or part of the state's Pee Dee Region. Orangeburg County can be included in the Lowcountry region. One of the most distinctive elements of the South Carolina and Georgia Lowcountry is the architecture. Lowcountry style home architecture developed in the late 1700s and is still constructed today as the most efficient design for the hot subtropical climate of the southeast United States. Lowcountry buildings have been constructed of timber and set on pilings or had a raised first floor; the raised first floor was a response to the swampy environment, high water tables, tropical cyclone flooding. The underfloor space is screened with lattice and used for storage or a carport. Lowcountry homes have broad hipped roofs that extend over deep and large covered front porches accented by columns or pillars, that allow a shady sitting area and are used as another living space.
Large windows are used to allow warm inside air to escape in the cooler evening. Most modern Lowcountry homes feature a central open breezeway through the entire house allowing a cooling breeze to move through the building. Dependent on plantation agriculture based on indigo and cotton, the Lowcountry economy developed other sectors in the 20th century. Tourism dominates the economy in much of the Lowcountry. Among the attractions are resorts and cultural sites, natural features, including Hunting Island State Park, Edisto State Park and other local and federally protected or preserved lands and wetlands; the area offers many destinations for golf and beach vacations on Hilton Head Island, Fripp Island, Seabrook Island, Kiawah Island, the Wild Dunes portion of the Isle of Palms. Hilton Head's Sea Pines Plantation was an early resort in the 1950s. Longstanding seaside communities, including Edisto Beach, Folly Beach, Sullivan's Island, the Isle of Palms remain popular destinations for visitors and a growing number of permanent residents and second-home owners.
Charleston attracts millions of visitors each year. Beaufort offers cultural activities and sightseeing, while some of the smaller communities in the region have certain cultural activities or amenities that attract thousands of visitors per year. Highway or traveler commercial services are of particular importance to communities in the Lowcountry and along Interstate 95. Much of the Lowcountry's economy revolves around manufacturing, transportation and other port-related business; the Port of Charleston and operated by the South Carolina State Ports Authority, is one of the ten busiest U. S. handles over $60 billion in goods each year. Major shippers include COSCO and Hamburg Süd; the SCSPA is building a terminal at the old Naval Base in North Charleston, South Carolina, has plans to build a new ocean terminal port in southern Jasper County by 2020, in conjunction with the Georgia Ports Authority under a bi-state commission. A port facility in Port Royal closed in 2005. Major manufacturers in North Charleston include Robert Bosch GmbH, Marathon Petroleum Company and Boeing.
In 2009, Boeing created a second assembly facility for its 787 Dreamliner aircraft in North Charleston. Information technology companies in Charleston and Berkeley Counties include Blackbaud, a software company headquartered in Charleston that employs hundreds of workers at its Daniel Island facility. North Charleston has the region's largest volume of retail sales. Specialty retail, including arts and crafts and antiques is big in the historic areas of Charleston, Beaufort, Port Royal and Walterboro; the Piggly Wiggly Carolina Co. has its local headquarters in Charleston with major warehousing and distribution center located just past Summervil
Hilton Head Island, South Carolina
Hilton Head Island, sometimes referred to as Hilton Head, is a Lowcountry resort town and barrier island in Beaufort County, South Carolina, United States. It is 20 miles northeast of Savannah, 95 miles southwest of Charleston; the island is named after Captain William Hilton, who in 1663 identified a headland near the entrance to Port Royal Sound, which mapmakers named "Hilton's Headland." The island features 12 miles of beachfront on the Atlantic Ocean and is a popular vacation destination. In 2004, an estimated 2.25 million visitors pumped more than $1.5 billion into the local economy. The year-round population was 37,099 at the 2010 census, although during the peak of summer vacation season the population can swell to 150,000. Over the past decade, the island's population growth rate was 32%. Hilton Head Island is a primary city within the Hilton Head Island-Bluffton-Beaufort metropolitan area, which had an estimated population of 207,413 in 2015; the island has a rich history that started with seasonal occupation by Native Americans thousands of years ago, continued with European exploration and the Sea Island Cotton trade.
It became an important base of operations for the Union blockade of the Southern ports during the Civil War. Once the island fell to Union troops, hundreds of ex-slaves flocked to Hilton Head, still home to many of whom are descendants of freed slaves known as the Gullah who have managed to hold on to much of their ethnic and cultural identity; the Town of Hilton Head Island incorporated as a municipality in 1983 and is well known for its eco-friendly development. The town's Natural Resources Division enforces the Land Management Ordinance which minimizes the impact of development and governs the style of buildings and how they are situated amongst existing trees; as a result, Hilton Head Island enjoys an unusual amount of tree cover relative to the amount of development. 70% of the island, including most of the tourist areas, is located inside gated communities. However, the town maintains several public beach access points, including one for the exclusive use of town residents, who have approved several multimillion-dollar land-buying bond referendums to control commercial growth.
Hilton Head Island offers an unusual number of cultural opportunities for a community its size, including plays at the Arts Center of Coastal Carolina, the 120-member full chorus of the Hilton Head Choral Society, the Hilton Head Symphony Orchestra, an annual outdoor, tented wine tasting event on the east coast, several other annual community festivals. It hosts the Heritage Golf Classic, a PGA Tour tournament played on the Harbour Town Golf Links in Sea Pines Resort; the Sea Pines shell ring can be seen near the east entrance to the Sea Pines Forest Preserve. The ring, one of at least 50 known to exist, is 150 feet in diameter and is believed to be over 4,000 years old. Archeologists believe that the ring was a refuse heap, created by Indians who lived in the interior of the ring, kept clear and used as a common area. Two other shell rings on Hilton Head were destroyed when the shells were removed and used to make tabby for roads and buildings; the Green's Shell Enclosure, Sea Pines, Skull Creek shell rings are listed in the National Register of Historic Places and are protected by law.
Since the beginning of recorded history in the New World, the waters around Hilton Head Island have been known and fought for in turn by the English, Spanish and Scots. A Spanish expedition led by Francisco Cordillo explored the area in 1521, initiating European contact with local tribes. In 1663, Captain William Hilton sailed on the Adventure from Barbados to explore lands granted by King Charles II of England to the eight Lords Proprietor. In his travels, he identified a headland near the entrance to Port Royal Sound, he named it "Hilton's Head" after himself. He stayed for several days, making note of the trees, crops, "sweet water", "clear sweet air". In 1698, Hilton Head Island was granted as part of a barony to John Bayley of Ballingclough, County of Tipperary, Kingdom of Ireland. Another John Bayley, son of the first, appointed Alexander Trench as the island's first retail agent. For a time, Hilton Head was known as Trench's Island. In 1729, Trench sold some land to John Gascoine; the land came to be known as Jenkin's Island after another owner.
In the mid-1740s, the South Carolina provincial half-galley Beaufort was stationed in a cove at the southern tip of Hilton Head to guard against intrusions by the Spanish of St. Augustine; the point and cove are named after commander of the Beaufort. Captain Braddock was a privateer of note in Colonial times. Earlier, he had been placed in command of the Georgia schooner Norfolk by James Oglethorpe, founder of Georgia, helped chase the Spanish back to St. Augustine after their failed 1742 invasion of St. Simons Island. After relocating to Savannah in 1746, he served two terms in the Georgia Commons House of Assembly while earning a living as a active privateer, he drew a well-known chart of the Florida Keys while on a privateering venture in 1756. The chart is in the Library of Congress. In 1788, a small Episcopal church called the Zion Chapel of Ease was constructed for plantation owners; the chapel's old cemetery, located near the corner of William Hilton Parkway and Mathews Drive, is all that remains.
Charles Davant, a prominent island planter during the Revolutionary War, is memorialized there. Davant was shot by Captain Martinangel of Daufuskie Island in 1781; this location is home to the oldest intact structure on Hilton Head Island, the Baynard Mausoleum, built in 1846. William
Disney's Hollywood Studios
Disney's Hollywood Studios is a theme park at the Walt Disney World Resort in Bay Lake, near Orlando. It is owned and operated by The Walt Disney Company through its Parks and Products division. Based on a concept by Marty Sklar, Randy Bright, Michael Eisner, the park opened on May 1, 1989, as the Disney-MGM Studios Theme Park, was the third of four theme parks built at Walt Disney World. Spanning 135 acres, the park is dedicated to the imagined worlds from film, television and theatre, drawing inspiration from the Golden Age of Hollywood. Disney's Hollywood Studios was developed as both a theme park inspired by show business and an operating production studio, with active film and television production services, an animation facility branch, a functioning backlot. Construction on the combined park and studio began in 1987, but was accelerated when the construction of the similarly-themed Universal Studios Florida began a few miles away. To increase public interest and the variety of film representation within the park, Disney entered into a licensing agreement with Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer, where from the park's original name was derived.
The park's production facilities were removed throughout the 2000s, many of the park's soundstages were retrofitted for newer attractions and guest use. The park's current name took effect in 2008, with the removal of the MGM-branding throughout the park. In the 2010s, the park began to distance itself from the original studio backlot intention and entered a new direction of immersive theming and attraction development inspired by Hollywood stories; the park's icon was the Earffel Tower from the park's opening until 2001 when the Sorcerer's Hat—a stylized version of the magical hat from Fantasia—was erected in the park's central hub. It served as the park's icon until its removal in January 2015. In 2017, the park hosted 10.72 million guests, ranking it the fifth most-visited theme park in North America and the ninth most-visited theme park in the world. The World you have entered was created by The Walt Disney Company and is dedicated to Hollywood—not a place on a map, but a state of mind that exists wherever people dream and wonder and imagine, a place where illusion and reality are fused by technological magic.
We welcome you to a Hollywood. A team of Walt Disney Imagineers led by Marty Sklar and Randy Bright had been given an assignment to create two new pavilions for Epcot's Future World section; the brainstorming sessions led to Wonders of Great Movie Ride pavilions. The latter was to look like a soundstage backdrop, with a movie theater-style entrance in the middle and would have sat between the Land and Journey Into Imagination pavilions; when newly appointed CEO Michael Eisner saw the plans for the pavilion, he requested that, instead of placing the ride in an existing park, it should be the anchor for a new park themed with Hollywood and show business. In 1985, Disney and Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer entered into a licensing contract that gave Disney worldwide rights to use the MGM brand and logo for what would become Disney-MGM Studios, which included working production facilities for films and television shows, a backlot, a satellite animation studio for Walt Disney Feature Animation, which began operation prior to the park's debut.
In 1988, MGM/UA responded by filing a lawsuit that claimed Disney violated the agreement by operating a working movie and television studio at the resort. On May 1, 1989, the theme park opened adjacent to the production facilities, with MGM's only affiliation being the original licensing agreement that allowed Disney to use MGM's name and lion logo in marketing, separate contracts that allowed specific MGM content to be used in The Great Movie Ride. On opening day, the only two operating attractions were the Studio Backlot Tour and The Great Movie Ride. Disney filed a countersuit, claiming that MGM/UA and MGM Grand, Inc. had conspired to violate Disney's worldwide rights to the MGM name in the theme park business and that MGM/UA would harm Disney's reputation by building its own theme park at the MGM Grand hotel and casino in Las Vegas, Nevada. On October 23, 1992, Los Angeles Superior Court Judge Curtis B. Rappe ruled that Disney had the right to continue using the Disney-MGM Studios name on film product produced at the Florida facility, that MGM Grand had the right to build a Las Vegas theme park using the MGM name and logo as long as it did not share the same studio backlot theme as Disney's property.
The 33-acre MGM Grand Adventures Theme Park opened in 1993 at the Las Vegas site and closed permanently in 2000. Disney was contractually prohibited from using the Disney-MGM Studios name in certain marketing contexts. In the 1990s, as the park's popularity and attendance grew, the park saw its first expansion in 1994, with the addition of Sunset Boulevard and The Twilight Zone Tower of Terror attraction; the backlot's New York streets were opened to guest access to relieve traffic and renamed as Streets of America. During that same decade, Walt Disney Feature Animation's on-site satellite studio assisted in the production of Beauty and the Beast and The Lion King, with Mulan and Lilo & Stitch being completed at the park's studio. In 2001, the Sorcerer's Hat—a stylized version of the magical hat from Fantasia—was erected in front of the park's Chinese Theater and began to serve as the park's icon from onwards, displacing the Earffel Tower in that role. In 2004, Disney shuttered the Florida animation unit.
The backlot's Residential Street was demolished to accommodate the new location for Lights, Action! Extreme Stu