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Philine Fischer

Philine Fischer, née Franke, married name Sannemüller was a German opera and concert singer. Born in Leipzig, Fischer made her debut in 1944 as "Micaela" in Bizet's Carmen at the Oldenburgisches Staatstheater. After the success of the Handel oratorio Messiah conducted by Hermann Abendroth in the St. Thomas Church, Leipzig in 1945, she advanced to the status of prima donna of the 50s. From 1945 to 1952 she was engaged at the Leipzig Opera and from 1952 to 1980 at the Halle Opera House, which awarded her honorary membership, she performed at the Handel Festival and she sang 14 operas by Handel, among others Alcina and Mahamaya in Poro. She worked with the likes of Horst-Tanu Margraf, Rudolf Heinrich, Heinz Rückert, Rolf Apreck, Werner Enders, Kurt Hübenthal, Günther Leib and Hellmuth Kaphahn. In Hamburg she was appointed Kammersänger, her last role in Halle was Herodias in Salome by Richard Strauss. She retired in 1981 and died in Leipzig at age 81, she was a member of the board of directors of the Gewerkschaft Kunst in Freier Deutscher Gewerkschaftsbund and was elected in October 1963 at the suggestion of the Cultural Association of the GDR as a successor candidate in the People's Chamber of the German Democratic Republic.

Mahamaya in Händel's Poro, Händel-Festspielorchester Halle, conductor: Horst-Tanu Margraf, recorded 7/1958, Berlin Classics 1998 Minister of Intra-German Relations: SBZ-Biographie. Deutscher Bundes-Verlag, Berlin 1964, p. 89. Präsidium der Volkskammer der Deutschen Demokratischen Republik: Die Volkskammer der Deutschen Demokratischen Republik, 4. Wahlperiode. Staatsverlag der DDR, Berlin 1964, p. 681. Peter Krumbiegel, Clemens Prokop: Jauchzet, frohlocket: Du musst kein Schwein sein. Von Bach, den Prinzen und einer Leipziger Musikerfamilie. Bärenreiter publishing house, Kassel 2004, ISBN 3-7618-1735-5. Fischer, Philine. In Karl-Josef Kutsch, Leo Riemens: Großes Sängerlexikon. Directmedia Digitale Bibliothek 33, Berlin 2000, ISBN 3-89853-133-3. Literature by and about Philine Fischer in the German National Library catalogue Search for Philine Fischer in the German Digital Library Philine Fischer discography at Discogs

Shaina Sandoval

Shaina Sandoval is an American actress. Shaina Sandoval was born to Samuel and Lisa Sandoval in Albuquerque, New Mexico on January 10, 1992, she moved to Dallas, Texas at one years old, divides her time between Scottsdale and Dallas. She got her start in Dallas in commercial work at 13 years old, her first foray in film acting was in 2006. She went on to appear in In Search of the American Dream: El Nacional, Nico-The Millionaire, the music video Saved, she appeared in Ungirlfriendable, the independent film Midnight Clear, which starred Stephen Baldwin and K Callan. Shaina's commercial work includes spots for AT&T, Pei Wei, WalMart, Denny's,, Cowboys & Indians Magazine. She is an experienced dancer, having served as a principal with Anita N. Martinez Ballet Folklorico in Dallas, soloing for the National Hispanic Celebration at the Majestic Theatre, as well as guest appearing in The Ancestors at the Majestic. Shaina studied with the Dance Continuum and Les Jordan at North Central Ballet in Texas, is proficient in Ballet, Tap, Jazz and Hip-Hop.

She is enrolled at the Herberger Institute for the Arts at Arizona State University, has trained with Cathryn Sullivan, Cody Linley and Mitchell Gossett at Everybody-Fits, Theresa Bell at Theresa Bell Studio, Cathryn Hartt at Hartt and Soul Studio, Suzie Torres, Q4U Productions in Texas, Amanda Melby of Verve Studios in Arizona. Shaina is currently studying with Jean Fowler of Actor Works in Scottsdale, she has made appearances on ABC 15 Sonoran Living in Phoenix, CBS News 11 in Dallas, Telemundo, Latino Talk TV and various radio stations throughout Texas. Shaina has two older brothers and Jeremy, she grew up in the same town as and shared an acting coach with Selena Gomez, Jeremy Bacerra, Cody Linley, Patrick Thomas. Shaina is the recipient of the “Junior Female Actor” award from the MB Talent Expo in Texas, her favorite sports include wrestling and basketball. In her spare time Shaina hikes and does Bikram yoga. Shaina Sandoval on IMDb

Commonwealth Deputy Secretary-General

The Deputy Secretary-General of the Commonwealth assists the Secretary-General in managing the operations of the Commonwealth Secretariat, the central institution of the Commonwealth. The current Deputy Secretary-General is Dr Arjoon Suddhoo of Mauritius. Dr Suddhoo’s appointment was announced in February 2019 after an open and competitive process, he took up the post in April 2019; until 2016, three Commonwealth Deputy Secretaries-General assisted the Secretary-General in running the Commonwealth Secretariat, each assigned an aspect of the Commonwealth's function to address particularly: one to economic affairs, one to political affairs and the other to corporate affairs. They were elected like the Secretary-General. However, as their terms overlap with those of the Secretary-General, don't coincide with Commonwealth Heads of Government Meetings, the Heads of Government are represented through their respective High Commissioners in London; the Secretariat only engaged two Deputy Secretaries-General, whilst the Corporate Affairs portfolio was overseen by an Assistant Secretary-General.

This changed in 2014 with the appointment of Gary Dunn from Australia to the post. However, by the end of March 2017, references to the role and Dunn had been removed from the Secretariat's website, indicating that the role may have been abolished though no announcement had been made to that effect. Under Baroness Scotland's tenure as Secretary-General, the vacancies left by the departures of Dunn, Deodat Maharaj and Josephine Ojiambo were not filled and the three roles merged into a single post; the current Deputy Secretary-General Dr Arjoon Suddhoo is from Mauritius. 1 Initially served from 1977 to 1983, leaving his?? Post for a few months to serve as Minister of Foreign Affairs in Nigeria, he was re-instated that year

Jim Quirk

Jim Quirk Sr. was an American football official in the National Football League from the 1988 NFL season to the 2008 NFL season. Quirk, who wore uniform number 5, was notable for his hustle between plays on the football field, resulting in the length of games being shortened, he is known for being involved in a game that became known as "The Instant Replay Game". Quirk attended high school at Long Branch High School in Long Branch, New Jersey, where he played football, graduated from in 1963. Following high school, he served two years at Fort Monroe in Virginia as a First Lieutenant in the Continental Army Command Headquarters Honor Guard Company, he was a guard and linebacker at the University of Delaware and earned a master's degree in personnel administration from George Washington University. Quirk began a career in government securities on New York City's Wall Street in 1965. For thirty-two years, he traveled all over the world. While working in New York City, his interest began in football officiating.

A resident of Rumson, New Jersey, Quirk is married to his high school sweetheart. Quirk began his football officiating career working high school games, as an off-field official at Giants Stadium. During New York Giants football games, he served on the chain crew and was the stadium's game clock operator. Progressing to the college level in 1977, he officiated in the Eastern College Athletic Conference as an umpire until 1988. Quirk was hired by the NFL in 1988 as a line judge and he moved to the umpire position. Since coming into the league, he was assigned to Super Bowl XXXII, he was an alternate in Super Bowl XXXVIII. Quirk has worked memorable games throughout his career. In his second year in the NFL, he was involved in an instant replay decision during a 1989 NFL season game between the Chicago Bears and Green Bay Packers, it would become known in NFL lore as "The Instant Replay Game". On fourth down, Green Bay quarterback Don Majkowski threw an apparent fourteen-yard touchdown pass to wide receiver Sterling Sharpe with thirty-two seconds remaining in the fourth quarter to tie the score of the game at 13-13.

As a line judge, Quirk ruled that Majkowski's body had crossed the line of scrimmage, which under rules was an illegal forward pass, nullifying the touchdown and turning over the ball to Chicago. The play was reviewed by Bill Parkinson. Parkinson relied on the view supplied by a fixed camera on the roof of the stadium to review the play. After a four minutes and 54 seconds, he ruled the ball was still behind the line, overruling Quirk's call, giving the Packers the score. Green Bay kicked the extra point and won the game, 14-13; the impact of this play resulted in the change of the illegal forward pass rule for the 1990 NFL season to include a passer's body being across the line, not only the ball, in determining an infraction and a limit of two minutes for instant replay reviews. The following year, the Bears, still upset over the replay reversal, noted the game with an asterisk in the team's media guide as a "Replay ruling", it has been said this call was one of the factors that led to the resignation of Art McNally, who at the time was the league's supervisor of officials.

As an umpire, Quirk is responsible for breaking up scuffles among players. During a 1999 NFL season game between the Chicago Bears and St. Louis Rams, Quirk attempted to break up a skirmish between the Rams Jeff Robinson and the Bears Ty Hallock. Quirk tackled him to the ground. Robinson was ejected by Quirk for throwing a punch at Hallock; as the game was concluding, Robinson asked Quirk. Robinson had the photo enlarged and hung it on the wall of his den. After the game, Todd Lyght commented on Quirk's tackle saying, "He did that with authority, and, an older guy, too; that wasn't one of the young umps. He put it on him. I think that might open up Prime Time." Dick Vermeil, then-coach of the Rams joked with Robinson, asking him, " Hell of a tackler, isn't he?"In another memorable game between the Chicago Bears and Green Bay Packers, this time during the 2007 NFL season, Quirk grabbed Packers linebacker Nick Barnett around the neck and pulled him to the ground during a scuffle between the two teams.

Following the game, Quirk was told by league officials that he went "over the line" in restraining Barnett, but he would not face disciplinary action. Mike Pereira, the league's director of officiating, said, " should refrain from similar techniques when trying to break up a potential skirmish." At the time of the incident, Barnett's agent withheld from filing a formal grievance with the league in exchange for a public apology by the league that Quirk's actions were wrong. Joking about the incident, Barnett said, "I got in a choke hold, I couldn't breathe a little bit. Got a good one on me. I don't know how he got under that face mask, but he got a good hold on me." On December 28, 2007, the NFL announced that Quirk was fined an entire game check, US$8,150, for his actions against Barnett and for an earlier altercation on December 16, 2007 with Atlanta Falcons fullback Jason Snelling on a kickoff return


Mem is the thirteenth letter of the Semitic abjads, including Hebrew mēm מ, Aramaic Mem, Syriac mīm ܡܡ, Arabic mīm م and Phoenician mēm. Its value is; the Phoenician letter gave rise to the Greek mu, Latin M, Cyrillic М. Mem is believed to derive from the Egyptian hieroglyphic symbol for water, simplified by the Phoenicians and named after their word for “water”, mem coming from Proto-Semitic *maʾ-/*may-. Hebrew spelling: מֵם Mem represents a bilabial nasal. In Hebrew, like Kaph, Nun, Pe, Tzadi, has a final form, used at the end of words: its shape changes from מ to ם. In gematria, Mem represents the number 40 in both the Mispar Gadol Methods of Gematria; the Standard Method adds the values of Resh to denote the value of mem sofit. In the Sefer Yetzirah, the letter Mem is King over Water, Formed Earth in the Universe, Cold in the Year, the Belly in the Soul; as an abbreviation, it stands for metre. In the Israeli army it can stand for mefaked, commander. In Hebrew religious texts, it can stand for the name of the Place.

Mem is associated with The Hanged Man, the element of water and the path between Geburah and Hod on the Tree of Life. The letter is named mīm, is written in several ways depending on its position in the word: Some examples on its uses in Modern Standard Arabic: Mīm is used in the creation of ism words. Mīm is used in the creation of the masdar of Stem III verbs, of subject and object nouns for verbs of Stems II-X. Place-nouns are created with mīm. Nun