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Display motion blur

Display motion blur called HDTV blur and LCD motion blur, refers to several visual artifacts that are found on modern consumer high-definition television sets and flat panel displays for computers. Many motion blur factors have existed for a long time in video; the emergence of digital video, HDTV display technologies, introduced many additional factors that now contribute to motion blur. The following factors are the primary or secondary causes of perceived motion blur in video. In many cases, multiple factors can occur at the same time within the entire chain, from the original media or broadcast, all the way to the receiver end. Pixel response time on LCD displays Lower camera shutter speeds common in Hollywood production films, common in miniaturized camera sensors that require more light. Blur from eye tracking fast-moving objects on sample-and-hold LCD, plasma, or microdisplay. Resolution resampling. Deinterlacing by the display, telecine processing by studios; these processes can introduce motion-speed irregularities.

Compression artifacts, present in digital video streams, can contribute additional blur during fast motion. Motion blur has been a more severe problem for LCD displays, due to their sample-and-hold nature. In situations when pixel response time is short, motion blur remains a problem because their pixels remain lit, unlike CRT phosphors that flash briefly. Reducing the time an LCD pixel is lit can be accomplished via turning off the backlight for part of a refresh; this reduces motion blur due to eye tracking by decreasing the time. In addition, strobed backlights can be combined together with motion interpolation to reduce eye-tracking-based motion blur. Different manufacturers use many names for their strobed backlight technologies for reducing motion blur on sample-and-hold LCD displays. Generic names include black frame scanning backlight. Philips created Aptura known as ClearLCD, to strobe the backlight in order to reduce the sample time and thus the retinal blurring due to sample-and-hold.

Samsung uses strobed backlighting as part of their "Clear Motion Rate" technology. This was called "LED Motion Plus" in some previous Samsung displays. BenQ developed SPD more known as "black frame insertion", claim that their images are as stable and clear as CRTs; this is conceptually similar to a strobing backlight. Sharp Corporation use a "scanning backlight" which flashes the backlight in a sequence from the top to the bottom of the screen, during every frame. NVidia has licensed; this is used to reduce crosstalk during 3D Vision, which utilize shutter glasses. A'hack' method or utility tool is needed to take advantage of LightBoost backlights for blur reduction benefits. BenQ developed their own native "BenQ Blur Reduction" technology, integrated into several of their gaming monitors; this offers a strobe backlight which can be turned on and off by the user. There is no control over the strobe timing or strobe length for the user, although third party utilities have been produced for this purpose.

Newer firmware for the BenQ Blur Reduction monitors allow direct user control over the strobe pulse and strobe length directly from the Service Menu. More customization is available by using a higher Vertical Total, which tricks the Mstar scaler into working with a larger blanking interval, as if the vertical screen size were longer; this pushes the strobe crosstalk farther down the bottom of the display, improving strobe image quality, but with some drawbacks. Eizo have introduced their'Turbo 240' option used so far on their Eizo Foris FG2421 gaming display; this allows the user to control the strobe backlight on/off to reduced perceived motion blur LG introduced a similar'Motion 240' option on their 24GM77 gaming monitor ULMB is a technique provided alongside NVIDIA's G-sync technology, linked to the G-sync monitor module. It is an alternative option to using G-sync, offering the user instead an "Ultra Low Motion Blur" mode; this has been provided on various monitors featuring G-sync. For newer games with a higher demand for graphical power, G-Sync is preferable over ULMB.

Some displays use motion interpolation to run at a higher refresh rate, such as 100 Hz or 120 Hz to reduce motion blur. Motion interpolation generates artificial in-between frames that are inserted between the real frames; the advantage is reduced motion blur on sample-and-hold displays such as LCD. There can be side-effects, including the soap opera effect if interpolation is enabled while watching movies. Motion interpolation adds input lag, which makes it undesirable for interactive activity such as computers and video games. 240 Hz interpolation have become available, along with displays that claim an equivalence to 480 Hz or 960 Hz. Some manufacturers use a different terminology such as Samsung's "Clear Motion Rate 960" instead of "Hz"; this avoids incorrect usage of the "Hz" terminology, due to multiple motion blur

Trolleybuses in Grimsby

The Grimsby trolleybus system once served the seaport of Grimsby, in Lincolnshire, England. Opened on 3 October 1926, it replaced part of the Grimsby District Light Railway, a tramway that had served both Grimsby and the neighbouring holiday resort of Cleethorpes, it was closed on 4 June 1960. By the standards of the various now defunct trolleybus systems in the United Kingdom, the Grimsby system was a small one, with a total of only two routes, a maximum fleet of just 19 trolleybuses; the first Grimsby trolleybus route, opened in 1926, was a conversion of the branch tramway from Riby Square along Freeman Street, an extension to a new terminus at Weelsby Road. The second route, a replacement of the main tramway section between the Old Market Place and Kingsway in Cleethorpes, was not opened until November 1936; the tramway, taken over by the Cleethorpes Urban District Council in July 1936, continued to operate until March 1937, with a reduced service between Riby Square and Cleethorpes. It was closed, a new Cleethorpes trolleybus system was set up, to run jointly with the Grimsby system, on the Grimsby–Cleethorpes route, extended to Bathing Pool.

Operation of both trolleybus systems was transferred to the Grimsby Cleethorpes Transport Joint Committee in 1957, but they were both closed soon afterwards, on 4 June 1960. Some of their redundant trolleybuses served on the Walsall system, until that system's closure in 1970. None of the former Grimsby/Cleethorpes trolleybuses is recorded as having survived. History of Grimsby Transport in Grimsby List of trolleybus systems in the United Kingdom Barker, Colin. Grimsby and Cleethorpes Trolleybuses. Midhurst, West Sussex, UK: Middleton Press. ISBN 978-1-904474-86-9. Media related to Trolleybuses in Grimsby at Wikimedia Commons SCT'61 website - photos and descriptions of a Grimsby/Cleethorpes trolleybus and early motorbuses National Trolleybus Archive British Trolleybus Society, based in Reading National Trolleybus Association, based in London

Giuseppe Agostinone

Giuseppe Agostinone is an Italian footballer who plays as a defender for Serie C side Lecco. Agostinone started his career in local Foggia, where he played more than 100 third-and fourth-tier matches, he was loaned several times to smaller teams like Martina Franca, Pro Vercelli and Montichiari, before he left his hometown and signed to Piacenza in 2016. He spent half year in Lecce another half year in the Virtus Francavilla, before Alessandria signed him. On 31 January 2020 Agostinone signed with Lecco. Giuseppe Agostinone at Soccerway Giuseppe Agostinone at

Fighting Spirit Unleashed (2019)

Fighting Spirit Unleashed was a professional wrestling three-event tour promoted by New Japan Pro-Wrestling. The three events took place from September 27 to 29, 2019 at the Lowell Memorial Auditorium in Lowell, the Hammerstein Ballroom in New York City, New York and the 2300 Arena in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. On July 6, 2019, during the opening night of the G1 Climax tournament, NJPW announced their return to the United States to host a 2019 edition of Fighting Spirit Unleashed, a three-event tour across the East Coast of the United States at the end of September; the cities hosting the three events were announced by NJPW as Lowell, New York City and Philadelphia. Tickets went on sale on July 26; the New York event was streamed live worldwide on NJPW's streaming service, NJPW World, with Japanese commentary. The Lowell and Philadelphia events were made available for on demand viewing. Fighting Spirit Unleashed featured seven to eight professional wrestling matches in each show that involved different wrestlers from pre-existing scripted feuds and storylines.

Wrestlers portray villains, heroes, or less distinguishable characters in the scripted events that build tension and culminate in a wrestling match or series of matches. Official New Japan Pro-Wrestling website

John Alexander Pope

John Alexander Pope was a prominent scholar of Asian art Chinese and Japanese blue-and-white ceramics. He spent most of his career at the Freer Gallery of Art in Washington. Pope was born in Detroit, as a young adult, he attended Yale College where he attained his bachelor's degree in English literature. Before graduation, however, he was active in the China International Famine Relief Commission. While serving in the Commission, he was sent to the Yellow River valley where he surveyed famine conditions; this allowed him to see China firsthand and meet Alan Priest who became the curator of Far Eastern Ceramics at the Metropolitan Museum of Art. Pope attributed meeting Priest in Beijing as the most influential factor in determining his eventual, life-long field of study of blue-and-white Asian porcelains. Pope pursued graduate studies at Harvard where he studied the history and languages of China and Japan, he was awarded his master's degree in 1940 and his Ph. D. in 1955. Pope took a leave from his studies in 1945 through 1946 to serve in the Marine Corps Reserve.

With the rank of Captain, he worked in the Corps in China as a Chinese language translator. Pope worked as an Associate in Research. From 1946 he was hired as the Assistant Director and served in that position until 1962 when he became the museum's director. Pope's deep interest in the Asian porcelains ceramics prompted him to establish criteria and a methodology for stylistic and dating analysis of 14th and 15th blue-and-white porcelains. Beginning in the 1960s, Pope took many trips to Japan which resulted in his research shifting to the study of Japanese ceramics. Pope retired in 1971 while continuing at the Freer as the Director Emeritus of Research Coordinator for Far Eastern Ceramics. Ming presentation porcelain Chinese ceramics Smithsonian Institution

Beidweiler Longwave Transmitter

The Beidweiler Longwave Transmitter is a high-power broadcasting transmitter for the French-speaking programme of RTL radio on the longwave frequency 234 kHz. The Beidweiler longwave transmitter, situated at 49°43'58" N and 6°19'08" E, at Beidweiler in Luxembourg, went in service in 1972 as replacement of the old Junglinster Longwave Transmitter; the Beidweiler longwave transmitter uses a directional antenna consisting of three 951 foot/290 meter tall guyed masts, each equipped with a cage antenna. The output of this antenna is directed toward Paris; the transmitter, which had at time of inauguration in 1972 a transmission power of 1400 kW, pushed up to 2000 kilowatts in 1974 belongs to the most powerful broadcasting stations in the world. In 1994 the transmitters of the facility were replaced by new devices of the type Thomson-Csf TRE 2175. Http:// Langwellensender Beidweiler at Structurae