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Distance fog

Distance fog is a technique used in 3D computer graphics to enhance the perception of distance by shading distant objects differently. Because many of the shapes in graphical environments are simple, complex shadows are difficult to render, many graphics engines employ a "fog" gradient so objects further from the camera are progressively more obscured by haze and by aerial perspective; this technique simulates the effect of light scattering, which causes more distant objects to appear lower in contrast in outdoor environments. Visibility in a natural haze declines exponentially, not linearly, with distance, due to scattering; the colour of the light being scattered into the viewing path affects the colour of the haze. These more subtle details are represented in some graphics. "Fogging" is another use of distance fog in mid-to-late 1990s games, when processing power was not enough to render far viewing distances, clipping was employed. Clipping could be distracting since bits and pieces of polygons would flicker in and out of view and by applying a medium-ranged distance fog, the clipped polygons would appear at a sufficiently far distance that they were obscured by the fog, fading in as the player approached.

The effect was used, with Turok: Dinosaur Hunter, Bubsy 3D, Star Wars: Rogue Squadron, Spider-Man, GoldenEye 007, Tony Hawk's Pro Skater, Superman 64 being just a few of the games to use it. Silent Hill uniquely worked fogging into the game's storyline, with the eponymous town being consumed by a dense layer of fog as the result of the player having entered an alternative reality; the application of fogging was so well received as an atmospheric technique that it has appeared in each of the game's sequels, despite improved technology negating it as a graphical necessity. Aerial perspective Computer graphics Virtual reality

Laureano Vallenilla Lanz

Laureano Vallenilla Lanz was a Venezuelan intellectual and sociologist who occupied the presidency of the congress for 20 years during the Gomez regime. Vallenilla Lanz held a number of positions under the dictatorship of Juan Vicente Gómez and was well known as an apologist for his regime. In his best-known work, Cesarismo Democrático, he justified the caudillo system by stating that due to the character of the Venezuelan people, rule by a dictator was necessary to maintain public order. In his view, this system was democratic in the sense that it was due to the "unconscious suggestion of the majority", he was for a time the Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary of Venezuela to France during the 1930s. Vallenilla was "largely responsible for developing a body of historical and sociological theory dealing with issues of race, power relations, social development", he viewed "the popular masses as a backward and unruly social group" and argued that political leadership needed to be "exercised through the mediation of a popular strongman who would channel the energies of the masses during the transition to a democratic order".

Vallenilla argued that race had no biological basis and ought to be understood as constructed through political projects of nation-making. Vallenilla assailed the notion that racial purity provides political legitimacy. Vallenilla's funeral was held on November 1936 at the Église Saint-Pierre-de-Chaillot in Paris; the remembrance was led by other members of the family. José Gil Fortoul Venezuelan literature List of Venezuelan writers Works by or about Laureano Vallenilla Lanz at Internet Archive

Djurgårdens IF Fotboll (women)

Djurgårdens IF is a football club from Stockholm, the capital of Sweden. The team play their home games on Stockholm Olympic Stadium The team colours are blue; the club is affiliated to the Stockholms Fotbollförbund. During the 1960s, a women's team representing Djurgårdens IF under the lead of Gösta Sandberg met Öxabäcks IF and won 2–1. In 1984 the team was promoted to Damallsvenskan for the first time. In 1988, Djurgården reached Damallsvenskan for the first time by finishing first in Division 1 Norra. In the 1989 season, Djurgården finished fourth in Damallsvenskan and played play-off semifinals, which they lost on away goals to Jitex BK. After finishing second in the 1991 Damallsvenskan, Djurgården lost again to Jitex BK in the semi-finals of the play-off; the season after, Djurgården got relegated after finishing 11th in Damallsvenskan. Djurgården again won promotion to Damallsvenskan in the 1996 season. In 2003, Djurgårdens IF and five-time Swedish champions Älvsjö AIK merged to form Djurgården/Älvsjö, where Djurgården owned 51 percent and Älvsjö AIK 49 percent.

The new team consisted of a mix of Djurgården and Älvsjö players, including Swedish footballers Victoria Svensson, Elin Flyborg, Linda Fagerström, Ulrika Björn, Jane Törnqvist and coached by Thomas Dennerby. Djurgården/Älvsjö won Damallsvenskan in their first year with a team consisting of Jill Buchwald, Katarina Wicksell, Jane Törnqvist, Therese Brogårde, Jenny Curtsdotter, Helene Nordin, Helen Fagerström, Nadja Gyllander, Sara Thunebro, Josefine Christensen, Ann-Marie Norlin, Malin Nykvist, Linda Fagerström, Tina Kindvall, Jennie Jonsson, Annica Svensson, Linda Nöjd, Victoria Svensson, Elin Flyborg, Sara Johansson, Ulrika Björn, Jessica Landström. Djurgården/Älvsjö won Damallsvenskan again in 2004; the team consisted of Maja Åström, Jill Buchwald, Katarina Wicksell, Jane Törnqvist, Therese Brogårde, Jenny Curtsdotter, Helen Fagerström, Nadja Gyllander, Sara Thunebro, Kristin Bengtsson, Emma Liljegren, Ann-Marie Norlin, Malin Nykvist, Linda Fagerström, Jennie Jonsson, Anna Hall, Annica Svensson, Ingrid Bohlin, Marijke Callebaut, Victoria Svensson, Sara Johansson, Venus James, Jessica Landström.

During the 2004–05 season, the team were runners up in the UEFA Women's Cup after having lost the final against 1. FFC Turbine PotsdamFrom the 2007 season, the team competed as Djurgårdens IF. In 2007, the team signed German goalkeeper Nadine Angerer to replace their retiring keeper Bente Nordby. In the 2012 Damallsvenskan season, Djurgården was relegated to Elitettan. In the late 2013, Djurgårdens IF Dam joined the men's football department of Djurgårdens IF Fotboll form having been their own department. In October 2015, Djurgårdens IF secured a promotion place to the 2016 Damallsvenskan. Djurgårdens IF play their home games on Stockholm Olympic Stadium, they have played their matches as Hjorthagens IP, Älvsjö IP, Kristinebergs IP and Östermalms IP. As of 2 April 2019Note: Flags indicate national team. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality. Damallsvenskan: Champions: 2003, 2004 Runner-up: 1991, 2006, 2007 Division 1 Norra: Winners: 1988, 1996 Runner-up: 1995 Elitettan: Runner-up: 2015 Svenska Cupen: Champions: 1999–2000, 2004, 2005 Runner-up: 1998–99, 2001, 2010 UEFA Women's Cup/UEFA Women's Champions League: Runner-up: 2005 Further information: Djurgårdens IF in European footballAll results list Djurgården Stockholm's goal tally first.

A First leg. Highest attendance: 6,068 vs. Umeå IK Djurgårdens IF Dam – Official website


Charandeep Surneni is an Indian actor, known for his works in the South Indian film industry. He was noted for his roles in the films like Sigaram Thodu and Boxer. Charandeep Surneni known as Charandeep, was born in Kadapa, Andhra Pradesh. Both of his parents are government employees, he completed his from J. B. Institute of Engineering & Technology and done his MBA from the KGRITM institute. From his childhood he was always interested in cultural programs. Charandeep started his film career with a small role in Telugu Movie Darling and did small roles in a couple of films until he got a break with Jilla in which he played a negative role opposite Vijay, After the success of Jilla at box office, Charandeep acted in the Telugu Movie Billa Ranga where he played a character called Baby where his character was critically acclaimed and his last film in the year 2014 was Vikram Prabhu starrer Sigaram Thodu. In the year 2015, his first movie was Nandamuri Kalyan Ram's Pataas, a blockbuster movie in Telugu he has done some decent movies like Tungabhadra where he played Thrimurtulu and in Vinavayya Ramayya he played as "Veera Babu", Charandeep debuted in Kannada with the movie Boxer where he played as the main antagonist in the movie, apart from these he has worked with Tollywood ace directors like S. S. Rajamouli and Puri Jagannadh for the first time, Director Puri Jagannadh cast him opposite Varun Tej in the movie Loafer and he played as Kalakeya brother in the film Baahubali: The Beginning

2017 Mid-Season Invitational

The 2017 Mid-Season Invitational was a tournament for the MOBA video game League of Legends that started on April 28, 2017 in São Paulo, ended on May 21, 2017 in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. This was the third annual Mid-Season Invitational hosted by Riot Games, the first time MSI had been extended; each of 13 premier League of Legends leagues had a team. SK Telecom T1 from South Korea defended their championship in last year after defeating G2 Esports from Europe 3-1 at the final. Based on the result of the MSI and World Championship in 2 years before, 3 teams from Europe, South Korea, China are started in Main Group stage, 2 teams from North America and Taiwan/Hong Kong/Macau are started in Play-in round 2, instead of the Mid-Season International Wildcard Invitational in 2015-2016, 10 teams from Wildcard regions are started in Play-in round 1. São Paulo and Rio de Janeiro were the two cities chosen to host the competition. First place teams of each group advance to round 2 of the stageDraw Only 2 teams of each pool is drawn into a group.

Group A Group B Winners of the series advance to group stage. Losers drops to round 3. GIGABYTE Marines advance to group stage by beating SuperMassive eSports 3-1. GPL of Southeast Asia gets directly spot in Main Group Stage for Summer Split winner and additional spot in Play-in Stage for Summer Split Runner-up at 2017 World Championship. Notes

Edith Masai

Edith Chewanjel Masai is a Kenyan former long-distance runner who specialised in cross country and track races road races in her late career. She represented Kenya at the 2004 Summer Olympics, her best achievements are three individual gold medals in the short race at the IAAF World Cross Country Championships between 2002 and 2004. She is known for reaching global top at the age of 35. On the track she was the bronze medallist over 5000 metres at the 2003 World Championships in Athletics and was the 2006 African Champion over 10,000 metres, she has won silver medals over 10,000 m at the 2007 All-Africa Games and 5000 m at the 2002 Commonwealth Games. Her track best of 8:23.23 minutes for the 3000 metres, set in 2002, remains the African record for the event. Over the marathon distance, she ran her career best of 2:27:06 hours to win the 2005 Hamburg Marathon. Masai was born in Mount Elgon District, she is the third born from a family of four. She competed during her high school days while at Kibuk Secondary School.

She graduated in 1988. She joined Kenya Prisons Service in 1990, known for recruiting many talented athletes. Masai did not, achieve anything until 1999, when she became the national cross-country champion, at the age of 32, she started training more seriously. She won the Lotto Cross Cup Brussels in 2001 and went on to take bronze in the short race at the World Cross Country Championships that year, she improved upon this the following year, taking the gold at the 2002 IAAF World Cross Country Championships. Masai holds the 3000 metres African record set in July 2002 in MonacoShe won a bronze medal at the 2003 World Championships. In 2004, she failed at the Kenyan trials for the Olympics, but since she was one of only three Kenyans who had beaten the Olympic "A"-qualifying time in women's 5000 metres that year, she was offered a place on the team. Masai herself rejected the offer, but joined the team after lengthy negotiations. At the Olympics she dropped out suffering a hamstring injury, she made her marathon debut at the age of 38, but gave a confident first performance, clocking 2:27:06 to win the 2005 Hamburg Marathon.

She finished fifth at the 10,000 metres race at the 2005 World Championships in Finland. Her time, 30:30.26 was a new Kenyan record. The record was beaten by Linet Masai at the 2008 Olympics, who run 30:26.50. Masai has since been shifting from track running to marathon, she won Hamburg Marathon in 2005 and participated it in 2006 and 2007. In 2006, she won Berlin Half Marathon, setting the fastest half marathon run that year, 1:07:16 minutes, it was a personal best and a course record. She set a new 5000 metres Kenyan record of 14:33.84 minutes. She won 10,000 metres silver medal at the 2007 All-Africa Games, her time, 31:31.18 is a new World record for women over 40 years old. The previous record was held by Nicole Lévêque of France, who run 32:12.07 in Helsinki in 1994. Masai participated the 2008 World championships marathon in Osaka, finishing 8th in a race won by her compatriot Catherine Ndereba. Masai won the 2008 Virginia Beach Roll Half Marathon, she won Singapore Marathon in December 2008.

She broke up with her agent Dorothee Paulmann. in 2007 and worked independently. She lives in Ngong and Kitale,she coaches Kenya Prisons Cross Country team Kenya, she is a divorced mother of one,her son Paul Griffin Sakit born in 1992 who ran for Louisiana Tech University. Masai retired from competitive running in early 2010, having a knee injury Omulo. "A Kenyan XC legend - Edith Masai". IAAF. Retrieved 14 June 2008. Edith Masai at World Athletics IAAF Focus on Athletes Marathoninfo profile