Lucy Maud Montgomery
Lucy Maud Montgomery, published as L. M. Montgomery, was a Canadian author best known for a series of novels beginning in 1908 with Anne of Green Gables; the book was an immediate success. The central character, Anne Shirley, an orphaned girl, made Montgomery famous in her lifetime and gave her an international following; the first novel was followed by a series of sequels with Anne as the central character. Montgomery went on to publish 20 novels as well as 530 short stories, 500 poems, 30 essays. Most of the novels were set in Prince Edward Island, locations within Canada's smallest province became a literary landmark and popular tourist site – namely Green Gables farm, the genesis of Prince Edward Island National Park, she was made an officer of the Order of the British Empire in 1935. Montgomery's work and letters have been read and studied by scholars and readers worldwide. Lucy Maud Montgomery was born in Clifton in Prince Edward Island on November 30, 1874, her mother, Clara Woolner Macneill Montgomery, died of tuberculosis when Lucy was twenty-one months old.
Stricken with grief, her father, Hugh John Montgomery, placed Lucy in the custody of her maternal grandparents. When Lucy was seven, he moved to North-West Territories. From on Lucy was raised by her grandparents, Alexander Marquis Macneill and Lucy Woolner Macneill, in the nearby community of Cavendish. Montgomery's early life in Cavendish was lonely. Despite having relatives nearby, much of her childhood was spent alone, she created imaginary friends and worlds to cope with her loneliness, Montgomery credits this time of her life with developing her creativity. Montgomery's imaginary friends were named Katie Maurice and Lucy Gray who lived in the "fairy room" behind the bookcase in the drawing room. During a church service, Montgomery asked her aunt where her dead mother was, leading her to point upwards. Montgomery saw a trap door in the church's ceiling, which led her to wonder why didn't the minister just get a ladder to retrieve her mother up in the church's ceiling; the population of Prince Edward Island was nearly evenly split between Protestants.
In 1887, at age 13, Montgomery wrote in her diary that she had "early dreams of future fame." She submitted a poem for publication, writing, "I saw myself the wonder of my schoolmates – a little local celebrity." Upon rejection, Montgomery wrote, "Tears of disappointment would come in spite of myself, as I crept away to hide the poor crumpled manuscript in the depths of my trunk." She would write, "down, deep down under all the discouragement and rebuff, I knew I would'arrive' some day."After completing her education in Cavendish, Montgomery spent one year in Prince Albert with her father and her stepmother, Mary Ann McRae. While in Prince Albert, Montgomery's first work, a poem titled "On Cape LeForce," was published in the Charlottetown paper, The Daily Patriot, she was as excited about this as she was about her return to her beloved Prince Edward Island in 1891. Before returning to Cavendish, Montgomery had another article published in the newspaper, describing her visit to a First Nations camp on the Great Plains.
Montgomery saw Blackfeet and Plains Cree in Prince Albert, writing that she saw many Indians on the Prairies who were much more handsome and attractive than the ones she had seen in the Maritimes. The return to Cavendish was a great relief to her, her time in Prince Albert was unhappy. According to Lucy, her father's marriage was not a happy one. In 1893, she obtained a teacher's license. Montgomery loved Prince Edward Island. Between it and me hung only a thin veil."During solitary walks through the peaceful island countryside, Montgomery started to experience what she called "the flash" – a moment of tranquility and clarity when she felt an emotional ecstasy, was inspired by the awareness of a higher spiritual power running through nature. Montgomery's accounts of this "flash" served as the basis for her descriptions of Anne Shirley's sense of emotional communion with nature. In 1905, Montgomery wrote in her journal that "amid the commonplaces of life, I was near to a kingdom of ideal beauty.
Between it and me hung only a thin veil. I could never quite draw it aside, but sometimes a wind fluttered it and I seemed to catch a glimpse of the enchanting realm beyond-only a glimpse-but those glimpses have always made life worthwhile". A spiritual woman, Montgomery found the moments when she experienced "the flash" some of the most beautiful and intense of her life, she completed the two-year teaching program in one year. In 1895 and 1896, she studied literature at Dalhousie University in Nova Scotia. Upon leaving Dalhousie, Montgomery worked as a teacher in various Prince Edward Island schools. Though she did not enjoy teaching, it afforded her time to write. Beginning in 1897, her short stories were published in newspapers. A prolific writer, Montgomery published over 100 stories between 1897 and 1907. During her teaching years, Montgomery had numerous love interests; as a fashionable young woman, she enjoyed "slim, good looks" and won the attention of several young men. In 1889, at 14, Montgomery began a relationship with a Cavendish boy named Nate Lockhart.
To Montgomery, the relationship was a humorous and witty friendship. It ended abruptly; the early 1890s brought unwelcome advances from John A. Mustard and Will Pritchard. Mustard, her teacher became her suitor.
Plastic Logic Germany develops and manufactures electrophoretic displays, based on organic thin-film transistor technology, in Dresden, Germany. A spin-off company from the Cavendish Laboratory at the University of Cambridge, the company was founded in 2000 by Richard Friend, Henning Sirringhaus and Stuart Evans and specialised in polymer transistors and plastic electronics. In February 2015, the company announced that the technology development and manufacturing parts of Plastic Logic would be separated and would go forward as independent companies, in order to generate focus while addressing a range of opportunities available in identified markets. FlexEnable was created from Plastic Logic's people and its technology assets in Cambridge, UK; the manufacturing plant in Dresden, which develops and sells a range of flexible EPD, operates independently under the name Plastic Logic Germany. Plastic Logic opened the first mini-fabrication plant on November 11, 2003 in Cambridge, UK. A factory for the mass-production of the display units was opened on September 17, 2008 in Dresden, Germany.
Plastic Logic announced its first plastic screen device on November 30, 2004, to be used by Siemens Communications in their mobile devices. This was followed by the announcement of an ereader called the QUE proReader. However, by August 2010, they had cancelled the QUE proReader. In September 2011 the company announced Plastic Logic 100 aimed to bring e-textbooks to Russian schools. In January 2011 the company received $280m in venture capital: $230m into the equity of Plastic Logic from Rusnano and $50m from Oak Investment Partners, a multi-stage venture capital firm. In May 2012 Plastic Logic revealed a ‘Plastic Inside’ strategy – selling its plastic back-planes and tags for customers to incorporate into other products. On May 17, 2012, Plastic Logic announced that they were abandoning plans to manufacture their own e-reader devices, shutting down their US office in Mountain View and reducing staff elsewhere. In July 2012, Plastic Logic demonstrated a flexible display, 130 µm thick, as well as the first flexible plastic display that can play colour video animation content at 12 frames per second, driven by OTFTs.
Plastic Logic demonstrated several product concepts including an ultra-thin e-paper companion device for a smartphone. The 10.7” touchscreen pane for viewing of webpages and documents was designed for easier reading of content than on the screen of a smartphone. BBC Click featured Plastic Logic's technology in a report on "going paperless" in July 2012. Plastic Logic Germany licenses technology from FlexEnable Ltd's technology platform based on organic thin film transistors, enabling electronics to be manufactured on flexible or plastic sheets, to make flexible plastic electrophoretic displays in a full range of sizes; these daylight readable displays are designed to be lightweight and robust with low battery consumption. The company claims they have lifetimes of more than 10 million page updates; the same technology can be used for non-display applications. One example is the world's first flexible image sensor on plastic, jointly developed by ISORG and Plastic Logic and showcased at LOPE-C in June 2013.
In January 2013, the company won the FlexTech Alliance's "FLEXI 2013 R&D Award" for innovation in flexible display manufacturing. This was in recognition for the development of a scalable manufacturing process for integrating a colour filter array on a flexible plastic display. Other companies recognised by the FlexTech Alliance included Corning, Inc. and American Semiconductor. Plastic Logic Germany develops and manufactures flexible plastic displays for third party end-devices; because the displays are made of plastic, they are resistant to breaking and are designed for use in robust mobile devices. In March 2013, the readers of the German electronic products magazine Elektronik voted Plastic Logic's flexible colour display "Optoelectronic Product of the Year 2013". At the International CES in Las Vegas at the beginning of January 2013, the company announced the tablet computer product PaperTab, the result of a collaboration between Intel, Plastic Logic and the Human Media Lab of Queen's University.
Powered by an Intel Core i5 Processor, the PaperTab incorporates a flexible 10.7” plastic display developed and manufactured by Plastic Logic. The interface is gesture-controlled, allowing the user to change a view or action a command by bending a screen corner or tapping one screen on another. Multiple PaperTabs can be used to display data side-by-side as a virtual desktop, displaying media such as emails and larger images simultaneously. Plastic Logic Germany supplies larger displays, which can be used as e-paper or a companion device for a smartphone. Further uses include enabling a large form-factor and lightweight eReader. In March 2013 Toppan Printing Co. Ltd and Plastic Logic demonstrated the first large-area, flexible electrophoretic digital signage prototype at RETAILTECH in Tokyo, Japan; the 42" prototype consisted of 16 10.7" Plastic Logic monochrome flexible plastic displays, tiled together, in a 4x4 configuration for use in applications with close viewing distances. The power consumption of the displays was demonstrated for disaster-ready applications in areas prone to natural disasters, such as the post-earthquake society of Japan.
Plastic Logic Germany has shown concept designs enabled by its smaller displays, such as wearable computers for use in sports and medical applications. The QUE proReader was a first generation e-reader product from Plastic Logic; the final version of the product
Barnes & Noble Nook
The Barnes & Noble Nook is a brand of e-readers developed by American book retailer Barnes & Noble, based on the Android platform. The original device was announced in the U. S. in October 2009, was released the next month. The original Nook had a six-inch E-paper display and a separate, smaller color touchscreen that serves as the primary input device and was capable of Wi-Fi and AT&T 3G wireless connectivity; the original nook was followed in November 2010 by a color LCD device called the Nook Color, in June 2011 by the Nook Simple Touch, in November 2011 and February 2012 by the Nook Tablet. On April 30, 2012, Barnes & Noble entered into a partnership with Microsoft that spun off the Nook and college businesses into a subsidiary. On August 28, 2012, Barnes and Noble announced partnerships with retailers in the UK, which began offering the Nook digital products in October 2012. In December 2014, B&N purchased Microsoft's Nook shares. Nook users may read nearly any Nook Store e-book, digital magazines or newspapers for one hour once per day while connected to the store's Wi-Fi.
The Nook name and identity was devised and created by the Brand Development Group at R/GA. Nook was rejected as a name by Barnes & Noble but the connection to nook being a familiar place to read was compelling enough to change the minds of the company's executives; this decision pivoted on the information contained within an NPR article which suggested that women readers tend to read more than men. The name is claimed by Rex Wilder when he was consulting for Ammunition Design Group; the name was among over 400 he created, although that naming project ended with no name being chosen. In November 2017, B&N announced the 3rd generation of the GlowLight e-reader; the device returned to a design more reminiscent of the original Simple Touch and dropped the IP67 certification. The Glowlight 3 has an enhanced lighting system that provides a cool white during the day or in rooms with bright light, but can manually or automatically switch to night mode with an orange tone for reading in dark spaces with less blue light.
In February 2014, B&N announced a new Nook color tablet would be released in 2014. In June 2014, Barnes & Noble announced it would be teaming up with Samsung to develop co-branded tablets titled the Samsung Galaxy Tab 4 Nook; the devices would feature Samsung's hardware with a 7-inch display, customized Nook software from Barnes & Noble. In September 2015, B&N released the Samsung Galaxy Tab S2 Nook, a Nook branded Samsung Galaxy Tab S2 8" LCD tablet that includes some Samsung and B&N software, it uses Android 5.0.2, features an 8-core CPU with 3GB RAM, 32GB of internal storage, a microSD card slot, two cameras, a 4,000 mAh battery, which B&N says will last for up to 14 hours of video usage and launched with a US$399.99 retail price. In October 2015, B&N released the Samsung Galaxy Tab E Nook, a Nook branded Samsung Galaxy Tab S2 9.7 9.7" LCD tablet that includes some Samsung, B&N and Microsoft software. This tablet runs Android 5.1.1 on a 1.2 GHz Qualcomm Snapdragon 410 CPU with 16GB of storage, microSD card support, weighs 547 grams, two cameras.
In November 2016, B&N released the Nook Tablet 7, a Nook-branded tablet with a 7" LCD screen that has a resolution of 600 x 1024, retails at $50. It is using Android 6.0 Marshmallow with Nook apps included with a 1.3 GHz MediaTek CPU. It has a microSD card slot, Wi-Fi and Bluetooth, it has a battery for up to 7 hours. The device has two versions, a Nook that includes Wi-Fi and AT&T 3G wireless connectivity, one that only includes Wi-Fi; this version made its debut on November 22, 2009, at a retail price of US$259. It was offered with built-in Wi-Fi + 3G connectivity for free access to the Barnes & Noble online store; this has a six-inch E Ink display, a separate, smaller color touchscreen that serves as the primary input device. The price was dropped to US$199 on June 2010, upon the release of the new Nook Wi-Fi. With the announcement of the newer Nook Simple Touch Reader, on May 25, 2011 the price was dropped to US$169. In early 2011, Nook Wi-Fi + 3G was discontinued; this version of the Nook 1st Edition supports only Wi-Fi, is distinguishable due to its white back panel.
Nook Wi-Fi made its debut on June 21, 2010, at a retail price of US$149. With the announcement of the newer Nook Simple Touch Reader, on May 25, 2011 the price was dropped to US$119. In September 2011, the price was dropped again, to US$89. In late 2011, Nook Wi-Fi was discontinued. Announced on May 25, 2011, the Simple Touch Reader was released on June 10, 2011 at a retail price of US$139; the Simple Touch is a Wi-Fi only Nook, with an infrared touch-screen, E Ink technology, battery life of up to two months. The device weighs 212 grams with dimensions of 6.5" × 5" × 0.47". On November 7, 2011, the Simple Touch Reader's price dropped to US$99. On December 9, 2012, the Simple Touch Reader's price dropped to US$79. On December 4, 2013, the Simple Touch Reader's price dropped to US$59. In February 2014, the Simple Touch Reader was discontinued due to being phased out by the GlowLight. On April 12, 2012, a Nook Simple Touch Reader with built-in LED lighting, called "GlowLight", was released with a retail price of US$139.
This model is distinguishable from the non glow light model by a gray bezel on the outer edge. On September 3
Canadiana is a class of books that includes Canadian literature, books about Canada as well as Canadian non-fiction works. The term is general for it can include books which do not deal with Canada or Canadians but which were written by Canadians or people who were Canadians at one point in their life, it is a category seen in bookstores and in research libraries. One of the specific mandates of the Library and Archives Canada is to collect and make available Canadiana; the term can be used more to describe a collection of distinctly Canadian items of artifacts or a collection of Canadian works in another cultural field such as music or art. The two books by Canadian author Douglas Coupland, Souvenir of Canada and Souvenir of Canada 2, are collections of images of pop-culture Canadiana. Canadian author Adam Bunch hosts the YouTube series Canadiana, which explores lesser-known stories from Canadian history. Bibliography of Canada Culture of Canada Canuck Americana – a similar concept in the United States Australiana – a similar concept in Australia Kiwiana – a similar concept in New Zealand Rhodesiana – a similar concept in Rhodesia Canadiana.org: A non-profit, cultural NGO with the mandate to locate and preserve early printed Canadian materials.
Much of this material is available in digitized format at Early Canadiana Online. Thisiscanadiana.com: A Canadiana blog and educational video series exploring lesser-known tales from Canadian history. Peel's Prairie Provinces: A full-text, searchable database of digitized prairie Canadiana, including newspapers and other Western Canadian publications
Ernest Thompson Seton
Ernest Thompson Seton was an author, wildlife artist, founder of the Woodcraft Indians in 1902 and one of the founding pioneers of the Boy Scouts of America in 1910. Seton influenced Lord Baden-Powell, the founder of Scouting, his notable books related to Scouting include the Boy Scout Handbook. He is responsible for the appropriation and incorporation of what he believed to be American Indian elements into the traditions of the BSA. Seton was born in County Durham, England of Scottish parents, his family emigrated to Canada in 1866. Most of his childhood was spent in Toronto and known to have lived at 6 Aberdeen Avenue in Cabbagetown; as a youth, he retreated to the woods of the Don River to draw and study animals as a way of avoiding his abusive father. He won a scholarship in art to the Royal Academy in England. On his twenty-first birthday, Seton's father presented him with an invoice for all the expenses connected with his childhood and youth, including the fee charged by the doctor who delivered him.
He paid the bill, but never spoke to his father again. He changed his name to Ernest Thompson Seton, believing that Seton had been an important family name, he became successful as a writer and naturalist, moved to New York City to further his career. Seton lived at Wyndygoul, an estate that he built in Cos Cob, a section of Greenwich, Connecticut. After experiencing vandalism by the local youth, Seton invited them to his estate for a weekend where he told them what he claimed were stories of the American Indians and of nature, he invited the local youth to join. Despite the name, the group was made up of non-native girls; the stories became a series of articles written for the Ladies Home Journal, were collected in The Birch Bark Roll of the Woodcraft Indians in 1906. Shortly after, the Woodcraft Indians evolved into the Woodcraft Rangers. Woodcraft Rangers was established as a non-profit organization for youth programming in 1922, the founder of the organizations was Ernest Thompson Seton Since 1922, Woodcraft Rangers has served Los Angeles youth with Seton's model of character building which encompasses-service, truth and beauty.
Since Woodcraft Rangers youth have been received in a safe environment to relish in their natural instincts to support the discovery of their own talents. Today the Woodcraft Rangers organization serves over 15,000 youth in the Los Angeles county by helping them find pathways to purposeful lives, they offer expanded learning opportunities to youth from kindergarten to twelfth grade. Youth participants are encouraged to ignite the discovery of natural talents and are embraced daily with the belief that all children are innately good. Seton met Scouting's founder, Lord Baden-Powell, in 1906. Baden-Powell had read Seton's book, The Birch Bark Roll of the Woodcraft Indians, was intrigued by it; the pair shared ideas. Baden-Powell went on to found the Scouting movement worldwide, Seton became the president of the committee that founded the Boy Scouts of America and was its first Chief Scout; the position of Chief Scout was removed, the position "Chief Scout Executive" was taken on by James West. His Woodcraft Indians, combined with the early attempts at Scouting from the YMCA and other organizations, Daniel Carter Beard's Sons of Daniel Boone, to form the BSA.
The work of Seton and Beard is in large part the basis of the Traditional Scouting movement. Seton was Chief Scout of the BSA from 1910–1915 and his work is in large part responsible for the appropriation and incorporation of what he believed to be American Indian elements into the traditions of the BSA. However, he had significant personality and philosophical clashes with James E. West. In addition to disputes about the content of Seton's contributions to the Boy Scout Handbook, conflicts arose about the suffragette activities of his wife, Grace Gallatin Seton Thompson, his British citizenship; the citizenship issue arose because of his high position within BSA, the federal charter West was attempting to obtain for the BSA requiring its board members to be United States citizens. Seton drafted his written resignation on January 29, 1915. In 1931 Seton became a United States Citizen. Seton married twice, his first marriage was to Grace Gallatin in 1896. Their only daughter, was born in 1904 and died in 1990.
Ann, who changed her first name, became a best-selling author of historical and biographical novels as Anya Seton. According to Ann's introduction to the novel Green Darkness, Grace was a practicing Theosophist. Ernest and Grace divorced in 1935, Ernest soon married Julia Moss Buttree. Julia wrote works with Ernest, they did not have any biological children, but in the 1930s they sought to adopt Moss Buttree's niece, Leila Moss, who lived with them in New Mexico for number of years. In 1938, they adopted Beulah Seton. Dee Seton Barber, a talented embroiderer of articles for synagogues such as Torah mantles, died in 2006. Seton called his father, Joseph Logan Thompson, "the most selfish man I knew, or heard of, in history or in fiction." He cut off ties after being made to pay off an itemized list of all expenses he had cost his father, up to and including the doctor's fee for his delivery, a total of $537.50. Seton's parents lived out their lives in Toronto as well as all but two bro
The Hanlin is an e-Reader, an electronic book reading device. The Hanlin v3 features a 6", 4-level grayscale electrophoretic display with a resolution of 600×800 pixels, while the v3+ features a 16-level grayscale display; the Hanlin v5 Mini, features a 5", 8-level grayscale electrophoretic display with a resolution of 600×800 pixels. The device runs a Linux-based OS; the device is manufactured by the JinKe Electronic Company in China. It is rebranded by various OEMs and sold under the names Bebook, Walkbook, lBook, Papyre, EZ Reader, Koobe and ECO Reader; the Hanlin eReader works best with EPUB, RTF, FB2, Mobipocket documents, because of their simplicity and low CPU processing requirements. These files offer more zoom levels, more options like search, landscape mode, text to speech than with PDF, DOC, HTML, or TXT, it uses JinKe's proprietary WOLF format. Size: 184 x 120.5 x 9.9 mm Weight: 210 g, battery included Screen: 90 x 120 mm 600x800 pixels / black and white, 4/16 gray-scale 166 dpi for Hanlin v3/v3+ and 8 gray-scale 200 dpi for Hanlin v5 Daylight readable / No backlight / Portrait and landscape mode SDRAM memory: 32 MB for the v3, 64 MB for the v3+/v6 SD card (v3 supports up to 4GB, v5 supports SDHC up to 16GB Connectivity: USB 1.1 for Hanlin v3 and USB 2.0 for Hanlin v3+/v5 Operating system: Linux Document formats: PDF, TXT, RTF, DOC, HTML Help, FB2, HTML, WOL, DJVU, LIT, EPUB, PPT, Mobipocket.
Archives support: ZIP, RAR. Supported image format: TIFF, JPEG, GIF, BMP, PNG. Supported sound format: MP3. V Series: V2, V3, V3+, V5, V60, V90 A Series: A6, A9, A90 List of e-book readers http://www.bebook.net.au - Australian reseller. BeBook version includes both Bebook1 and Mini models
A tablet computer shortened to tablet, is a mobile device with a mobile operating system and touchscreen display processing circuitry, a rechargeable battery in a single thin, flat package. Tablets, being computers, do what other personal computers do, but lack some input/output abilities that others have. Modern tablets resemble modern smartphones, the only differences being that tablets are larger than smartphones, with screens 7 inches or larger, measured diagonally, may not support access to a cellular network; the touchscreen display is operated by gestures executed by finger or digital pen, instead of the mouse and keyboard of larger computers. Portable computers can be classified according to the appearance of physical keyboards. Two species of tablet, the slate and booklet, do not have physical keyboards and accept text and other input by use of a virtual keyboard shown on their touchscreen displays. To compensate for their lack of a physical keyboard, most tablets can connect to independent physical keyboards by wireless Bluetooth or USB.
The form of the tablet was conceptualized in the middle of the 20th century and prototyped and developed in the last two decades of that century. In 2010, Apple released the iPad. Thereafter tablets rose in ubiquity and soon became a large product category used for personal and workplace applications, with sales stabilizing in the mid-2010s; the tablet computer and its associated operating system began with the development of pen computing. Electrical devices with data input and output on a flat information display existed as early as 1888 with the telautograph, which used a sheet of paper as display and a pen attached to electromechanical actuators. Throughout the 20th century devices with these characteristics have been imagined and created whether as blueprints, prototypes, or commercial products. In addition to many academic and research systems, several companies released commercial products in the 1980s, with various input/output types tried out. Tablet computers appeared in a number of works of science fiction in the second half of the 20th century.
Examples include: Isaac Asimov described a Calculator Pad in his novel Foundation Stanislaw Lem described the Opton in his novel Return from the Stars Numerous similar devices were depicted in Gene Roddenberry's 1966 Star Trek: The Original Series Arthur C. Clarke's NewsPad was depicted in Stanley Kubrick's film 2001: A Space Odyssey Douglas Adams described a tablet computer in The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy and the associated comedy of the same name The sci-fi TV series Star Trek The Next Generation featured tablet computers which were designated as PADDs. A device more powerful than today's tablets appeared in The Mote in God's Eye; the Star Wars franchise features datapads, first described in print in 1991's Heir to the Empire and depicted on screen in 1999's The Phantom Menace. Further, real-life projects either proposed or created tablet computers, such as: In 1968, computer scientist Alan Kay envisioned a KiddiComp. Adults could use a Dynabook, but the target audience was children.
In 1979, the idea of a touchscreen tablet that could detect an external force applied to one point on the screen was patented in Japan by a team at Hitachi consisting of Masao Hotta, Yoshikazu Miyamoto, Norio Yokozawa and Yoshimitsu Oshima, who received a US patent for their idea. In 1992, Atari showed developers the Stylus renamed ST-Pad; the ST-Pad was prototyped early handwriting recognition. Shiraz Shivji's company Momentus demonstrated in the same time a failed x86 MS-DOS based Pen Computer with its own graphical user interface. In 1994, the European Union initiated the NewsPad project, inspired by Clarke and Kubrick's fictional work. Acorn Computers developed and delivered an ARM-based touch screen tablet computer for this program, branding it the "NewsPad". During the November 2000 COMDEX, Microsoft used the term Tablet PC to describe a prototype handheld device they were demonstrating. In 2001, Ericsson Mobile Communications announced an experimental product named the DelphiPad, developed in cooperation with the Centre for Wireless Communications in Singapore, with a touch-sensitive screen, Netscape Navigator as a web browser, Linux as its operating system.
Following earlier tablet computer products such as the Pencept PenPad, the CIC Handwriter, in September 1989, GRiD Systems released the first commercially successful tablet computer, the GRiDPad. All three products were based on extended versions of the MS-DOS operating system. In 1992, IBM announced and shipped to developers the 2521 ThinkPad, which ran the GO Corporation's PenPoint OS. Based on PenPoint was AT&T's EO Personal Communicator from 1993, which ran on AT&T's own hardware, including their own AT&T Hobbit CPU. Apple Computer launched the Apple Newton personal digital assistant in 1993, it used Apple's own new Newton OS running on hardware manufactured by Motorola and incorporating an ARM CPU, that Apple had co-develop