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Ditransitive verb

In grammar, a ditransitive verb is a verb which takes a subject and two objects which refer to a theme and a recipient. According to certain linguistics considerations, these objects may be called direct and indirect, or primary and secondary; this is in contrast to monotransitive verbs, which take a direct or primary object. In languages which mark grammatical case, it is common to differentiate the objects of a ditransitive verb using, for example, the accusative case for the direct object, the dative case for the indirect object. In languages without morphological case the objects context. English has a number of ditransitive verbs, such as give and tell and many transitive verbs that can take an additional argument, such as pass, bake, etc.: He gave Mary ten dollars. He passed Paul the ball. Jean read him the books, she is baking him a cake. I am mailing Sam some lemons. Alternatively, English grammar allows for these sentences to be written with a preposition: He gave ten dollars to Mary, he passed the ball to Paul.

Jean read. She is baking a cake for him. I am mailing some lemons to Sam. Etc; the latter form is grammatically correct in every case, but in some dialects the former is considered ungrammatical, or at least unnatural-sounding, when both objects are pronouns. Sometimes one of the forms is perceived as wrong for idiosyncratic reasons or the verb dictates one of the patterns and excludes the other: *Give a break to me *He introduced Susan his brother In certain dialects of English, many verbs not treated as ditransitive are allowed to take a second object that shows a beneficiary of an action performed for oneself. Let's catch us some fish This construction could be an extension of a reflexive construction. In addition, certain ditransitive verbs can act as monotransitive verbs: "David told the children a story" – Ditransitive "David told a story – Monotransitive Many ditransitive verbs have a passive voice form which can take a direct object. Contrast the active and two forms of the passive: Active: Jean gave the books to him.

Jean gave him the books. Passive: The books were given to him by Jean, he was given the books by Jean. Not all languages have a passive voice, some that do have one don't allow the indirect object of a ditransitive verb to be promoted to subject by passivization, as English does. In others like Dutch a passivization is possible but requires a different auxiliary: "krijgen" instead of "worden". E.g. schenken means "to donate, to give": Active: Jan schonk hem de boeken – John donated the books to him. Passive: De boeken werden door Jan aan hem geschonken. Pseudo-passive: Hij kreeg de boeken door Jan geschonken. Another category of ditransitive verb is the attributive ditransitive verb in which the two objects are semantically an entity and a quality, a source and a result, etc; these verbs attribute. In English, name, consider, turn into and others are examples: The state of New York made Hillary Clinton a Senator. I will name him Galahad; the first object is a direct object. The second object is an object complement.

Attributive ditransitive verbs are referred to as resultative verbs. The morphosyntactic alignment between arguments of monotransitive and ditransitive verbs is explained below. If the three arguments of a typical ditransitive verb are labeled D, T and R, these can be aligned with the Agent and Patient of monotransitive verbs and the Subject of intransitive verbs in several ways, which are not predicted by whether the language is nominative–accusative, ergative–absolutive, or active–stative. Donor is always or nearly always in the same case as Agent, but different languages equate the other arguments in different ways: Indirective languages: D = A, T = P, with a third case for R Secundative or dechticaetiative language languages: D = A, R = P, with a third case for T Split-P languages: D = A, some monotransitive clauses have P = T, others have P = R Instrumental case Intransitive verb Morphosyntactic alignment Secundative language Transitive verb Transitivity Valency Cheng, L. L.-S. Huang, C.-T.

J. Audrey, Y.-H. & Tang, C.-C. J.. Hoo, hoo: Syntax of the causative and passive constructions in Taiwanese. Journal of Chinese Linguistics Monograph Series, 14, 146–203. Lee, Hui-chi.. Double object construction in Hainan Min. Language and Linguistics, 12, 501–527. Haspelmath, Martin.. Argument marking in ditransitive alignment types. Linguistic Discovery, 3, 1–21. Haspelmath, Martin.. Ditransitive Constructions: Towards a New Role and Reference Grammar? In R. D. Van Valin, Investigations of the Syntax–Semantics–Pragmatics Interface. John Benjamins. Haspelmath, Martin.. Ditransitive Constructions: The Verb'Give'. In M. S. Dryer & M. Haspelmath, The World Atlas of Language Structures Online. Retrieved from Haspelmath, Martin.. Ditransitive constructions. Annual Review of Linguistics, 1, 19–41. Huang, Chu-Ren & Ahrens, Kathleen.. The function and category of GEI in Mandarin ditransitive construc

William Lee Stoddart

William Lee Stoddart was an architect best known for designing urban hotels in the eastern United States. Although he was born in Tenafly, New Jersey, most of his commissions were in the South, he maintained offices in New York City. Stoddart attended Columbia University, he worked in the office of George B. Post for ten years before opening his own office. Stoddart married Mary Elizabeth Powell in Atlanta in 1898, they settled in Maywood, New Jersey. After a decade of living together, they separated, which became the subject of scandal in the New York newspapers. On November 1, 1909, she sued for divorce alleging "extreme cruelty." Shortly afterward, in late November Stoddart filed a countersuit. He alleged that his wife's attraction to one of his friends, Robert L. Shape, had led to the marital breakdown. During this era, when marital breakdowns were considered scandalous, The New York Times published three intimately personal letters from Mrs. Stoddart to Mr. Stoddart, in which she begged for a legal separation and financial support.

According to Stoddart's obituary, the divorce occurred in 1908. However, when one considers the two articles published in 1909 describing the divorce lawsuit and countersuit, it is that 1909 was the year the divorce occurred. On July 19, 1923, at Asheville, North Carolina, William Stoddart remarried, his second wife was Mrs. Sabra Ballinger who died in 1934. Stoddart spent his final years in Larchmont, New York and died of a stroke on October 2, 1940, at the age of 71 at a hospital in New Rochelle, New York. Stoddart took pride in the efficient, rational design of his hotels, which reflected the enthusiasm for scientific management of his era, he expressed his approach to hotel design as a series of rules or formulas that would lead to maximum profitability. His design philosophy was similar to that of E. M. Statler's emphasis on efficiency in hotel architecture, except that Stoddart's hotels were smaller, less luxurious, were in smaller cities. Both Stoddart and Statler aimed their hotels at serving the market niche of traveling sales representatives.

Years in parentheses are the years of construction. In chronological order: John W. Ferguson House, New Jersey: This early commission by Stoddart was located at 421 12th Avenue. Despite being on the National Register of Historic Places, the house was demolished in 1988. Browning School, New Jersey: This 2½-story brick school was built at 27 West Chester Avenue in a style described as Second Renaissance Revival, it has since been converted to residential condos, known as Browning House. San Carlos Hotel, Florida: This seven-story hotel was at 1 North Palafox Street and had 175 rooms when opened enlarged to 403 rooms during the 1920s; the hotel closed in 1982, after a period of vacancy, was torn down in 1993. Georgian Terrace Hotel, Georgia: In the Beaux Arts style, this 10-story hotel is located at 659 Peachtree Street NE, has been renovated. Hotel Tybee, Tybee Island, Georgia: This beach resort was the second hotel of this name on this site, it had 150 rooms. It was razed in 1958. Dempsey Apartments, Georgia: This nine-story apartment building was a 230-room hotel, is now used for seniors' apartments.

The building has been known as The Dempsey and as the Dempsey Motor Hotel, its address has variously been given as 515 Cherry Street and 523 Cherry Street. Some sources give its height as 11 stories, because a 1970s addition has more floors than the original structure. Ponce de Leon Apartments, Georgia: This 11-story structure, still in use at 75 Ponce de Leon Avenue, is across Ponce De Leon Avenue from the Georgian Terrace Hotel, was designed in a Beaux Arts and Renaissance Revival style; the second through ninth floors had two large apartments per floor, the top two floors consisted of small "bachelor suites." Hotel Savannah, Georgia: This ten-story building is located at 7 East Congress Street. When it opened in 1913, it had 200 rooms, with another 100 rooms in a 1921 addition, it has been known as the Hotel Manger, Manger Building, is the First City Club of Savannah. Winecoff Hotel, Georgia: This 15-story building at 176 Peachtree Street NW was renamed the Peachtree on Peachtree Hotel in 1951, after being empty for many years, it re-opened as the Ellis Hotel in 2007.

In 1946, the hotel had suffered a disastrous fire. Of the 119 deaths, 36 died from jumping; the hotel lacked fire escapes, the sole staircase had no fire doors, which allowed the fire to spread from floor to floor. Schenectady County Courthouse, New York: This is a 4-story classical structure, the architect is listed as Stoddart and Weathers. Marion Building, Georgia: This 10-story structure, located at 739 Broad Street, was known as the Chronicle Building. After the city's 1916 fire, The Augusta Chronicle moved to 725 Broad Street, the 1914 building was repaired and rechristened as the Marion Building; the architects were Augusta architect G. Lloyd Preacher. Lamar Building, Georgia: This 16-story office building at 753 Broad Street was named for Joseph Rucker Lamar, was designed jointly by Stoddart with G. Lloyd Preacher, an Augusta-based architect; the building took so long to build because its construction was inte

Jared Odrick

Jared Taylor Odrick is a former American football defensive end. He was drafted by the Miami Dolphins in the first round of the 2010 NFL Draft, he played for the Jacksonville Jaguars. He played college football at Penn State. Odrick was a 2005 USAToday, Parade Magazine, U. S. Army All-American as a senior at Lebanon High School in Lebanon, Pennsylvania, he was named first-team all-state and played in the 2006 Big 33 Football Classic and the 2006 U. S. Army All-American Bowl. Odrick played sparingly his freshman season with Penn State University, but earned the starting job at defensive tackle in 2007, he would make 16 tackles, with four tackles-for-loss, two sacks, one blocked kick. In 2008, Odrick started 11 games, he recorded 41 tackles, with 9.5 tackles-for-loss, 4.5 sacks, one forced fumble, three pass breakups. Odrick was named an AFCA and All-American in 2009. He was named the Big Ten Defensive Player of the Year, the Big Ten Defensive Lineman of the Year, First-team All-Big Ten by the conference’s coaches, He is ranked No. 8 in the Big Ten with 6.0 sacks and was fifth on the team with 41 tackles, has 10.0 tackles for loss, with one blocked field goal, one pass break-up and three quarterback hurries.

Odrick was drafted by the Miami Dolphins with the 28th overall pick of the 2010 NFL Draft. He signed a five-year, $13 million contract with the Dolphins on July 29, 2010, he is represented by Drew Rosenhaus. In October 2010, Jared missed the rest of the season. In 2011, Odrick had a strong season having six sacks as a backup defensive end. Odrick became infamous during that season for performing the "Pee-Wee Herman Dance" after recording a sack, reenacting a scene from Pee-Wee's Big Adventure. Odrick was signed by the Jacksonville Jaguars on March 11, 2015. Odrick was placed on injured reserve on December 2016 with a shoulder injury. On February 20, 2017, Odrick was released by the Jaguars. Key GP: games played COMB: combined tackles TOTAL: total tackles AST: assisted tackles SACK: sacks FF: forced fumbles FR: fumble recoveries FR YDS: fumble return yards INT: interceptions IR YDS: interception return yards AVG IR: average interception return LNG: longest interception return TD: interceptions returned for touchdown PD: passes defensed Odrick has written many articles for a variety of sports publications, including "Football, the flag, the right to speak our minds," for Sports Illustrated, "Who do you cheer for?", for Sporting News, most "Keeling to Nike", a response to Kaepernick and Nike.

His articles speak to the climate of the NFL, delve into issues left unturned. Follow the writing of Jared Odrick on his website In 2015, Odrick made his debut on HBO's Ballers, written by Stephen Levinson and starring Dwayne Johnson, he appeared in four episodes between 2015-2016. Odrick is the executive producer of three short films: "Roller Coaster", "Filling in", "Jade", he acted in both "Filling in" and "Jade," playing the role of Kevin in the former, Justin in the latter. He will be making an appearance in the upcoming Sylvester Stallone's thriller film, Samaritan, set to be released on December 11th, 2020. In 2017, Odrick curated an art exhibit in the city of Jacksonville, taking over ten select billboards and juxtaposing local artists' work against commercial advertisements; the contrast between the art and advertisement emphasized "how much we've allowed commercialism to hoard our public viewing space". The project was a collaborative effort with University of North Florida art student, Jenna Sparrow, the Jaguar's Director of Photography, Everett Sullivan. Jacksonville Jaguars bio Penn State Nittany Lions bio Pro-Football Reference

Charles Badger Clark

Charles Badger Clark was an American cowboy poet. Charles Badger Clark was born on January 1883 in Albia, Iowa, his family moved to Dakota Territory, where his father served as a Methodist preacher in Huron, Mitchell and Hot Springs. He dropped out of Dakota Wesleyan University after he clashed with one of its founders, C. B. Clark, he travelled to Cuba, returned to Deadwood, South Dakota, where he contracted tuberculosis moved to Tombstone, Arizona to assuage his illness with the dry weather. He returned again to South Dakota in 1910 to take care of his ailing father. Clark published his first poetry collection in 1917. In 1925, he moved to a cabin in Custer State Park in the Black Hills of South Dakota, where he lived for thirty years and continued to write poetry. Clark was named the Poet Laureate of South Dakota by Governor Leslie Jensen in 1937, his work was published in Sunset Magazine, The Pacific Monthly, Arizona Highways, Century Magazine, the Rotarian, Scribner's. Clark died on September 26, 1957.

His poem entitled "Lead My America" was performed by the Fred Waring Chorus in 1957. In 1969, Bob Dylan recorded "Spanish is the Loving Tongue". In America by Heart, Sarah Palin quotes his poem entitled "A Cowboy's Prayer" as one of the prayers she likes to recite. In 1989, he was inducted into the Hall of Great Westerners of the National Cowboy & Western Heritage Museum. Grass-Grown Tales Sun and Saddle Leather Spike When Hot Springs Was a Pup God of the Open Sky Lines and Wood Smoke The Story of Custer City, S. D. Boot and Bylines Singleton Jessi Y. Sundstrom: Badger Clark, Cowboy Poet with Universal Appeal, Custer, S. D. 2004 Works by Badger Clark at Project Gutenberg Works by Charles Badger Clark at LibriVox Works by or about Charles Badger Clark at Internet Archive

Bayam Oru Payanam

Bayam Oru Payanam is an Indian Tamil-language horror film written and directed by Manisharma. The film features Vishakha Singh, Bharath Reddy and Meenakshi Dixit in the leading roles, while Singampuli plays a pivotal supporting role. Featuring music composed by YR Prasad, production for the film began in mid-2015; the film was released on 25 August 2016 in India. Bharath Reddy as Ram Meenakshi Dixit as Annu Vishakha Singh Urvashi Singampuli as Kavariman Yogi Babu Jangiri Madhumitha King Kong Lollu Sabha Manohar Dinesh Sharavana The film opens as the child of a photo journalist Ram has a nightmare of his father’s car meeting with a terrible accident and the next day he has to go alone to a forest to shoot some pictures. A broker Kavariman guides Ram to a deserted bungalow whose watchman Yogi Babu lets them in for a bribe and some liquor. Well past midnight inside the house Ram finds a memory card and in it there are pictures of a girl in a compromising position whom he recognizes and calls one of his friends in Chennai and tries to email them but fails.

Thereafter he undergoes a scary time as a hideous woman appears in the bathroom, the fridge and his bedroom causing him to panic and leave the house. Driving his car all through the way he gets into one scary situation after the other and finds out why the ghost is after him but only after a great personal tragedy. On the downside the story the director keeps on establishing that the hero is seeing ghosts in scene after scene, thereby diluting the fear factor. Vishaka Singh’s ghost character seems to have so much power to influence the hero, making him see ghosts and is with him all the time and it defies logic why she waits till the end to kill him. Can he go back to his place to see his wife and daughter? Will the ghost continue to haunt him and his family? Manisharma began Bayam Oru Payanam during mid-2015 and revealed that the film was "almost complete" by October 2015. Vishakha Singh, Bharath Reddy and Meenakshi Dixit were announced to be playing the lead roles in the film, with the makers describing it as a "female-orientated, horror film".

The team shot a twenty-day schedule in Munnar during late December 2015, with Vishakha Singh portraying a ghost in her scenes. Filming for the project ended during January 2016 after a schedule in Chennai, with post-production works beginning thereafter. Bayam Oru Payanam on IMDb

William Hutchinson (rugby league)

William "Bill"/"Billy" Hutchinson was an English professional rugby league footballer who played in the 1930s and 1940s. He played at representative level for England, at club level for Bradford Northern, Featherstone Rovers, as a fullback, second-row, or loose forward, i.e. number 1, 8 or 10, 11 or 12, or 13. Billy Hutchinson was born in Bradford, West Riding of Yorkshire, he died aged 80 in Bradford, West Yorkshire, England. Billy Hutchinson won 2 caps for England while at Bradford Northern, he made his international début, played left-second-row, i.e. number 11, in the 9-9 draw with Wales at Central Park, Wigan on Saturday 26 February 1944, played loose forward in the 18-8 victory over Wales at Central Park, Wigan on Saturday 10 March 1945. Billy Hutchinson made his début for Featherstone Rovers on Saturday 10 February 1945