Ditto mark

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Ditto mark
apostrophe  '
brackets [ ]  ( )  { }  ⟨ ⟩
colon :
comma ,  ،  
dash ‒  –  —  ―
ellipsis  ...      
exclamation mark !
full stop, period .
guillemets ‹ ›  « »
hyphen-minus -
question mark ?
quotation marks ‘ ’  “ ”  ' '  " "
semicolon ;
slash, stroke, solidus /  
Word dividers
interpunct ·
General typography
ampersand &
asterisk *
at sign @
backslash \
basis point
caret ^
dagger † ‡
degree °
ditto mark
equals sign =
inverted exclamation mark ¡
inverted question mark ¿
komejirushi, kome, reference mark
multiplication sign ×
number sign, pound, hash #
numero sign
obelus ÷
ordinal indicator º ª
percent, per mil % ‰
plus and minus + −
section sign §
tilde ~
underscore, understrike _
vertical bar, pipe, broken bar |    ¦
Intellectual property
copyright ©
sound-recording copyright
registered trademark ®
service mark
currency sign ¤

؋฿¢$֏ƒ£元 圆 圓 ¥ 円

Uncommon typography
fleuron, hedera
index, fist
irony punctuation
In other scripts

The ditto mark (”)[1] is a typographic symbol indicating that the word(s) or figure(s) above it are to be repeated. For example:

Black pens, box of twenty  .....  $2.10
Blue  ”     ”   ”  ”      .....  $2.35


Ditto marks date to cuneiform tablets.

Early evidence of ditto marks can be seen on a cuneiform tablet of the Neo-Assyrian period (934–608 BCE) where two vertical marks are used in a table of synonyms to repeat text.[2]

Bronzeware script, c. 825 BCE, showing “子二孫二寶用”, where the small 二 (“two”) is used as iteration marks in the phrase “子子孫孫寶用” ("descendants to use and to treasure").
Bronzeware script, c. 825 BCE, showing “寶用”, where the small (“two”) is used as iteration marks in the phrase “子子孫孫寶用” ("descendants to use and to treasure").

In China the corresponding historical mark was two horizontal lines (二), found in bronze script from the Zhou Dynasty, as in the example at right (circa 825 BCE); in script form this became 〻, and is now written as 々; see iteration mark.

The word ditto comes from the Tuscan language, where it is the past participle of the verb dire (to say), with the meaning of "said", as in the locution "the said story". The first recorded use of ditto with this meaning in English occurs in 1625.[3]


An advertisement from 1833. The second item on the list can be read as "Prime American Pork, in barrels", while the third is "Prime American Pork, in Half barrels".

The graphical shape of the ditto mark may vary according to different language uses, it is generally represented by a quotation mark pointing to the right. Therefore, it would be in English, » in French, in German, and so on. The abbreviation do. is also used, as in the above image.

The usage of other characters should be avoided such as:

  • The straight double quotation mark U+0022 " quotation mark (HTML " · ") is from the typewriter era, when there were no resources to type the curved quotation mark (”);
  • The double prime U+2033 double prime (HTML ″ · ″) has a slightly different shape and it is used in other contexts (mathematical, measurement, etc.);
  • The character U+3003 ditto mark (HTML 〃) is to be used in CJK scripts only.[4][5][6]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Oxford Dictionaries". Retrieved 3 November 2016. 
  2. ^ K.4375 and File:Library of Ashurbanipal synonym list tablet.jpg
  3. ^ Definition at The Free Dictionary
  4. ^ "Unicode Standard Annex #24: Unicode Script Property". 2.9 Script_Extensions Property. Retrieved 2013-05-19. 
  5. ^ "ScriptExtensions.txt". Retrieved 2013-05-19. 
  6. ^ "CJK symbols and Punctuation" (PDF). Retrieved 2013-05-20. 

External links[edit]

  • The dictionary definition of at Wiktionary