Djémila Cuicul, is a small mountain village in Algeria, near the northern coast east of Algiers, where some of the best preserved Roman ruins in North Africa are found. It is situated in the region bordering the Constantinois and Petite Kabylie. In 1982, Djémila became a UNESCO World Heritage Site for its unique adaptation of Roman architecture to a mountain environment. Significant buildings in ancient Cuicul include a theatre, two fora, basilicas, arches and houses; the exceptionally well preserved ruins surround the forum of the Harsh, a large paved square with an entry marked by a majestic arch. Under the name of Cuicul, the city was built 900 metres above sea level during the 1st century AD as a Roman military garrison situated on a narrow triangular plateau in the province of Numidia; the terrain is somewhat rugged. Cuicul's builders followed a standard plan with a forum at the center and two main streets, the Cardo Maximus and the Decumanus Maximus, composing the major axes; the city was populated by a colony of Roman soldiers from Italy, grew to become a large trading market.
The resources that contributed to the prosperity of the city were agricultural. During the reign of Caracalla in the 3rd century, Cuicul's administrators took down some of the old ramparts and constructed a new forum, they surrounded it with more impressive edifices than those that bordered the old forum. The terrain hindered building, so that they built the theatre outside the town walls, exceptional. Christianity became popular in the 4th century and brought the addition of a basilica and baptistry, they are to the south of Cuicul in a quarter called "Christian", are popular attractions. Of the bishops of Cuicul, Pudentianus took part in the Council of Carthage concerning the validity of heretical baptism, Elpidophorus in the Council of Carthage. Cresconius was the Catholic bishop who represented Cuicul at the Council of Carthage between Catholic and Donatist bishops. Crescens was one of the Catholic bishops whom the Arian Vandal king Huneric summoned to Carthage in 484. Victor was at the Second Council of Constantinople in 553.
No longer a residential bishopric, Cuicul is today listed by the Catholic Church. The city was abandoned after the fall of the Roman Empire around the 5th century and 6th century. There were some improvements under emperor Justinian I, with wall reinforcements. Muslims dominated the region, but did not reoccupy the site of Cuicul, which they renamed Djémila; the spatial documentation of Djémila took place during two Zamani Project field campaigns in 2009, which were undertaken in co-operation with Prof Hamza Zeghlache and his team from the University of Setif, Algeria, as well as the South African National Research Foundation. Several structures were documented, including the Baptistry, the Caracalla Gate, the Market, the Septimius-servus Temple and the Theatre. Several significant Romanized Africans were born in Cuicul: Lucius Alfenus Senecio: governor of Britannia. Gaius Valerius Pudens: governor of Britannia. Claudius Subatianus Aquila: governor of Mesopotamia and Egypt. Claudius Subatianus Proculus: governor of Numidia.
Xu Xiaoxi is a Chinese film director and screenwriter. He belongs to a new generation of filmmakers from China. Since 2010 he co-directs all his films with the Spanish director Roberto F. Canuto and together open a film production company in China, Almost Red Productions. Xu Xiaoxi obtains some international recognition after receive some awards in international film festivals and, due to the distinct personal style of his movies, Xu Xiaoxi is considered in some circles as a promising figure in the Chinese industry. Xu Xiaoxi was born in Sichuan, he was influenced into filmmaking since childhood, since his father was a Cinematographer in those times. He bought him a video camera, he remembers to record it with his friends. After High School, he wanted to experience different cultures, he moved to South Africa to study Fine Arts, majoring in Painting at the Nelson Mandela Metropolitan University in Port Elizabeth, South Africa. Xiaoxi gains experience and good skills in drawing, painting and video art.
He worked as a video artist in his final year project The Fluxus of a tribute to Maya Daren. He used video images as the prime means of expression regarding perceptions of cultural identity in a globalaized world. In 2006 he received the bachelor's degree of Fine Arts. After graduation, Xiaoxi decides to persuade a Filmmaking career and continue his international experiences, so he enrol in a Master of Fine Arts - Filmmaking at the New York Film Academy of Los Angeles, Universal Studios. There, he directed many short films in celluloid and digital format and collaborate in many others as Cinematographer, he graduated in 2009 with the feature film Desire Street. From 2008 his films achieve some awards; this films where created with Roberto F. Canuto, they meet. His two graduation projects became the most notorious films, Mei Mei and the feature Desire Street, co-directed with Roberto F. Canuto. Desire Street receives awards at "Asturian Film Festival 2014 " and a Special Mention for Best International Feature Film at "Mix Mexico International Film Festival 2011", together with other nominations and special screenings.
During the postproduction of “Mei Mei” the director started the collaboration with the composer who would become part of the team and signature of his work since Andrea Centazzo, Italy's top orchestral percussionist and a reference in the Avand Garde contemporary music. Andrea Centazzo composed the scores for all his movies since then: Mei Mei, Toto Forever, Desire Street and Ni Jing: Thou Shalt Not Steal. Back in China, Xu Xiaoxi and Roberto F. Canuto founded their own production company, Almost Red Productions, where they alternate the fiction narrative projects with commercial/advertisement works. In 2013 they released the Spanish production short film Ni Jing: Thou Shalt Not Steal; this film won the Best Film Award, Best Actress Sherry Xia Ruihong and Runner up Short, two nominations in the GAVA Awards 2014 as Best Short and Best Screenplay, together with other nominations and international screenings. In addition to the fiction works, Almost Red Productions creates commercials and collaborates with some non profit organizations, like Concentric Circles, company that aim to improve the health system in poor Rural Areas of China.
His film Floating Melon was released in late 2015 and he introduced the project as the second part the trilogy, "Invisible Chengdu", together with Ni Jing: Thou Shalt Not Steal, Floating Melon and his new film Sunken Plum. Floating Melon was filmed in his hometown and with non professional actors; the World Premier took place in Spain at the 53rd FICXIXON, Gijón International Film Festival in November 2015 and in China at the Art Gallery Shujingtang Alley Art Space in Chengdu in June 2016. It received an Audience Award at the 15th Aviles Acción Film Festival and the Audience Choice Award and Best Cinematography Award at the III Asturian Film Festival of Proaza 2016. In the first 12 months after the release it has been presented in over 40 international film festivals in Europe, America and Africa. In 2016 he directs his first film in Spain, at the hometown of his collaborator, Roberto F. Canuto, using the language of the region, the Asturian language, titled Advent, a psychological mystery drama film.
At the world premiere of Advent that took place at the 54th Gijón International Film Festival, obtained the Audience Award Dia D'Asturies for Best Short Film. Sunken Plum, the film that completes the trilogy "Invisible Chengdu", will be released in 2017, it is a melodramatic comedy with touches of mystery and social realism. The film uses non professional actors and the filming took place in Sichuan in downtown Chengdu, the lake “Bai Ta” and a remote village in the mountains of Sichuan, “Nan Bu”. Xu Xiaoxi has directed many shorts and a feature film. Before attend the Master of Fine Arts at NYFA, he directs documentary shorts and experimental works, as the video art The Fluxus of ID, a tribute to Maya Daren. During his masters he directs projects in 16mm Film, Red One Camera and other Digital format, like Rope, The Meal or Lila and his first y
Sky Whirl was the name of two amusement rides which featured triple Ferris wheels. Both debuted in 1976 at Six Flags Great America amusement parks; the ride in Santa Clara closed in 1997, the ride in Gurnee closed in 2000. Two additional triple Ferris wheels were built for the Seibu-en and Lotte World parks in Japan and South Korea, respectively. All four rides were brokered by Intamin; the ride resembled. Each arm was tipped with a rotating wheel, or "spider", each spider carried 12 passenger cages. Due to the off-vertical axis, two wheels spun in the air in a near-vertical plane while the third was on the ground stationary in a horizontal plane and unloading passengers from all the cars on that wheel simultaneously. Intamin marketed the ride as the "Tree Triple Wheel" and advertised a capacity of 2,000 customers per hour; the ride required a circular footprint 54 metres in diameter. Sky Whirl was developed from the earlier Giant Wheel, a double wheel design that Intamin had first installed at Hersheypark in 1973.
Intamin's Giant Wheel was in turn inspired by an earlier double wheel design patented in 1966 to address the slow loading of conventional Ferris wheel designs. That first double wheel debuted with Astroworld as the Astrowheel in 1968; the Sky Whirl design was commissioned by Marriott for both of its Great America theme parks. Because these parks were all designed by the same firm, R. Duell and Associates, some common design elements were carried through each park, including the double/triple-wheel designs. Both rides debuted with the opening of the Great America parks in 1976. At the time the theme park in Santa Clara opened on March 21, 1976, it was billed as having the world's first triple Ferris wheel; the Gurnee park opened on May 29. The Santa Clara ride, which appeared in the 1994 movie Beverly Hills Cop III as "The Spider", was renamed Triple Wheel before it closed in 1997. At Santa Clara, Sky Whirl was replaced by the Invertigo roller coaster; the identical Gurnee ride was replaced by Déjà Vu for the 2001 season.
Two other triple wheels were produced for Asian clients: Lotte World. According to Harry Michelson, because few double and triple wheels were built, production was discontinued sometime in the 1990s and parts became scarce, making maintenance of these complicated rides difficult and expensive