Dmitry Ivanovich Sviatopolk-Mirsky

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Dmitry Svyatopolk-Mirsky
Дмитрий Святополк-Мирский
Svyatopolk-Mirsky Dmitriy Ivanovich by Borel.png
Born1825
Saint Petersburg, Russian Empire
Died1899
Nice, France
Buried
Allegiance Russian Empire
Service/branchInfantry
Years of service1841-1878
RankGeneral of the Infantry
Commands held
Battles/warsCaucasian War, Crimean War, Russo-Turkish War (1877–78) battles_label =Wars
Relations
  • Sofia Orbeliani (wife)
  • Pyotr Dmitrievich (son)
  • Nina Dmitrievna (daughter)
  • Olga Dmitrievna (daughter)
  • Maria Dmitrievna (daughter)
Other workGovernor of Kharkov

Prince Dmitry Ivanovich Svyatopolk-Mirsky (Russian: Дмитрий Иванович Святополк-Мирский, 1825–1899) was a Imperial Russian Army general, a politician and a member of the princely Svyatopolk-Mirsky family.

Background[edit]

Svyatopolk-Mirsky was born to the family of Tomasz Bogumił Jan Światopełk-Mirski, the ambassador to Russia from the semi-independent Kingdom of Poland. Dmitry's patronymic Ivanovich was based on a Russified form of the third name of his father. Despite being a member of a Polish szlachta, he was brought up in Saint Petersburg and considered himself Russian; the family's princely title was confirmed by the tsars when they relocated to Russia.

Career[edit]

He began his military service in 1841 in the Caucasian War, fighting against Chechens and Daghestanis. During the Crimean War, he took part in the battles in Kurukdere and Bayandur in Armenia, he commanded the Chernigov Infantry Regiment during the Battle of Chernaya River, where he was seriously wounded. During the Crimean War, he became acquainted with the then junior officer Leo Tolstoy, with whom he had lifelong correspondence.

In 1857-1859, Svyatopolk-Mirsky commanded the Kabarda Regiment, took part in the storm of Gunib, and the capture of Imam Shamil. After the pacification of the Eastern Caucasus, he became the governor of the Terek Oblast, then the Governor-General of Kutaisi. In 1876, he became the deputy of the Viceroy of the Caucasus Grand Duke Mikhail Nikolayevich.

During the Russo-Turkish War, 1877-78, Svyatopolk-Mirsky was the chief of the General Staff of the Russian troops during the Battle of Kars. In 1880, he became a member of the State Council of Imperial Russia, and in 1884 he became the governor of the Kharkov Governorate.

He died in 1899 in Nice, France and was buried at the family estate, "Gievka," near Liubotyn in the former Kharkov Governorate.

Family[edit]

Gravesite at the family estate, "Gievka," near Liubotyn

Sviatopolk-Mirsky and his wife, Georgian princess Sofia Orbeliani (daughter of Prince Iakob Orbeliani), had one son, Pyotr Dmitrievich Svyatopolk-Mirsky, future Minister of the Interior of Russia, and three daughters: Nina (1852-1926), Olga (? -1898) and Maria (1853-1889).

Nina, Olga and Maria each married prominent administrators of Imperial Russia: Woldemar von Daehn, Lord Sippola, Minister State Secretary of Finland; Prince Alexander Baryatinsky and Prince Ivan Makarovich Orbeliani, respectively. Olga was also a lady-in-waiting (before her marriage) and a lifelong friend to Empress Maria Fyodorovna, wife of Tsar Alexander III of Russia.

His younger brother, Nikolai Svyatopolk-Mirsky, was also a prominent general and politician.

Awards[edit]

External links[edit]