The Fender Jaguar is an electric guitar by Fender Musical Instruments characterized by an offset-waist body, a unusual switching system with two separate circuits for lead and rhythm, a medium-scale 24" neck. Owing some roots to the Jazzmaster, it was introduced in 1962 as Fender's feature-laden top-of-the-line model, designed to lure players from Gibson. During its initial 13-year production run, the Jaguar did not sell as well as the less expensive Stratocaster and Telecaster, achieved its most noticeable popularity in the surf music scene. After the Jaguar was taken out of production in 1975, vintage Jaguars became popular first with American punk rock players, more so during the alternative rock and indie rock movements of the 1980s and 1990s. Fender began making a version in Japan in the mid-1980s, introduced a USA-made reissue in 1999. Since Fender has made a variety of Jaguars in America and China under both the Fender and Squier labels. Original vintage Jaguars sell for many times their original price.
Both the Fender company and vintage guitar authorities date the introduction of the Jaguar to 1962. One writer states that the model was introduced in December 1960, but a 1962 ad featuring a Jaguar automobile in the background referred to the "new" Fender Jaguar.1960s advertising for the Jaguar had beach themes, underscoring the guitar's appeal to surf musicians. Photographs for the campaign, done by Bob Perine, included photographs of bikini-clad girls on sandy beaches holding Jaguars—many of these featured Perine's daughter and her friends; the guitar was not, however publicized by surf players themselves, although The Beach Boys' Carl Wilson is featured in one early publicity photo. The Jaguar never enjoyed the popularity of its Telecaster siblings. After several upgrades—which included custom finishes, a bound neck, pearloid block inlays, maple fingerboard with black binding, block inlays—the Jaguar was discontinued in December 1975 after a thirteen-year production run. Punk and early new wave rockers such as Tom Verlaine of the band Television adopted the Jaguar for both contrarian and economic reasons.
In the 1990s the popularity of the Jaguar and Jazzmaster exploded after they were used by guitarists such as Scott Hill, John Squire, Kurt Cobain, Kevin Shields, Black Francis, J Mascis, Brian Molko, Thurston Moore, John Frusciante. Despite this, Jaguars still fetch less than Telecasters and Stratocasters of similar vintage. One of the reasons why the Jaguar was used by indie rock artists is the sonic possibilities offered by the bridge construction; the bridge and vibrato unit of the Jaguar and the Jazzmaster help produce sympathetic resonance since there is a considerable length of string between the bridge and the tailpiece. On top of that, when the strings are strummed behind the bridge, a characteristic chiming sound is created, exploited by artists like Sonic Youth. Fender reissued the 1962 version of the Jaguar in 1999 as part of its American Vintage Reissue Series. Several other variations have been released within the last decade, including several humbucker versions and a Jaguar bass guitar in 2006.
Fender Japan produced Jaguars for its own domestic market with numerous special editions including an accurate version of Kurt Cobain's modified model until its closure in 2015. The main difference between Japanese and American models is the electronics: American models use higher quality chrome rather than stainless steel parts and have brass shielding plates installed in the cavities. American Jaguars have nitrocellulose lacquer. No standard US made AVRI Jaguars sport matching headstocks unlike their vintage counterparts, many Japanese models do, offer some custom colors not found on American models. In the late 2000s, Fender began to offer limited editions of the AVRI models, called Thin Skins; these were identical to the production AVRI models, with the exception of their finishes. The Thin Skin models used 100% nitrocellulose finishes, a departure from the production models, which used polyurethane undercoats/sealers; these Thin Skin models featured thinner color and clear coats. These models were available in a number of Custom Colors, unlike the standard production'62 Jaguars, these did feature matching headstocks.
In 2012, Fender replaced the entire AVRI line with the American Vintage Series. The AV Series included more vintage-accurate appointments, such as more accurate decals, thinner cases, a new'flash' finishing process, updated neck profiles, pickups and vintage-reproduction paperwork and manuals; the replacement for the 1962 Jaguar was the 1965 Jaguar. The 1965 Jaguar features a bound rosewood fingerboard with larger pearloid dot inlays, a larger C profile, more vintage-accurate pickups, a thinner finish, no amber tint in the clear coat on the neck, ships with a black tolex case with a red plush interior. Offered in Candy Apple Red and Three-Color Sunburst, the Candy Apple Red has since been discontinued; as with the AVRI model, the headstock on the AV'65 in Candy Apple Red did not feature a matching headstock. Fender did offer a limited production run of the'65 Jaguar in Ice Blue Metallic, which did feature a matching headstock. Fender's Custom Shop produces various Jaguar models, many of which are reissues/relics
Bigsby vibrato tailpiece
The Bigsby vibrato tailpiece is a type of mechanical vibrato device for electric guitar designed by Paul A. Bigsby; the device allows musicians to bend the pitch of notes or entire chords with their pick hand for various effects. The Bigsby was the first successful design of what is now called a whammy bar, vibrato bar, or tremolo arm, the latter a misnomer since vibrato is the technically correct term for the musical effect it produces; the origin of this nonstandard usage of the term by electric guitarists is attributed to Leo Fender, who used the term "tremolo" to refer to what is a vibrato effect. The Bigsby vibrato unit is installed on the top of the guitar and works in conjunction with a'rocking bridge', not a'roller bridge' as some may assume; the arm of the Bigsby is spring-loaded and attached to a pivoting metal bar, around which the strings of the guitar are installed. In the neutral or unused position, the pressure of the spring counterbalances the pull of the strings, resulting in constant pitch when the strings are played.
When the arm of the Bigsby is pushed down towards the top of the guitar, the bridge rocks forward causing the strings to loosen, lowering their pitch. When the arm is released, the strings return to normal pitch; the arm may be lifted to raise the pitch of the strings. The Bigsby is controllable within its range of motion and requires little force to operate, it is ideally suited to musicians who use subtle, or extended bends. It has limited range compared to vibrato units using longer springs contained internally. Competing units, like the Floyd Rose and the Fender synchronized tremolo are therefore preferred by some players. Bigsby vibratos are still factory installed on a variety of electric guitars, including certain instruments branded as PRS, Fender, Gretsch, Hamer, Schecter Guitar Research as well as luthiers companies such as MotorAve. Many electric guitars can be retrofitted with a Bigsby, which requires no additional routing, but may require additional holes to be drilled. Adapters, such as the models sold by Vibramate, can be used to install a Bigsby Vibrato on a guitar without drilling any holes.
Variations in guitars, such as between flat top and archtop, require different models of Bigsby. Bigsby units ship with their own roller bridges, though these are discarded in favor of more adjustable alternatives such as the Tune-o-matic style bridge or Jazzmaster style bridge; the roller bridges that come with the Bigsby do not offer individual string intonation adjustment, have relative string length preset for string sets with a wound G string, rather than for the plain G string preferred by many electric guitarists today. Bigsby was sold to Fender Musical Instruments Corporation in January 2019. Vibrato systems for guitar#Bigsby Tailed bridge guitar Bigsby guitars, who still produce the Bigsby vibrato tailpiece. History of Bigsby guitars. Vibramate
Clarence Leonidas "Leo" Fender was an American inventor who founded Fender Electric Instrument Manufacturing Company, or "Fender" for short. In January 1965, he sold the company to CBS and founded two other musical instrument companies, Music Man and G&L Musical Instruments; the guitars, bass guitars, amplifiers he designed from the 1940s on are still used: the Fender Telecaster was the first mass-produced solid-body electric guitar. Leo Fender was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1992—a unique achievement given that he never learned to play the instruments that he made a career of building. Clarence Leonidas Fender was born on August 10, 1909, to Clarence Monte Fender and Harriet Elvira Wood, owners of a successful orange grove located between Anaheim and Fullerton, California. From an early age, Fender showed an interest in tinkering with electronics; when he was 13 years old, his uncle, who ran an automotive-electric shop, sent him a box filled with discarded car radio parts, a battery.
The following year, Leo visited his uncle's shop in Santa Maria and was fascinated by a radio his uncle had built from spare parts and placed on display in the front of the shop. Leo claimed that the loud music coming from the speaker of that radio made a lasting impression on him. Soon thereafter, Leo began repairing radios in a small shop in his parents' home. In the spring of 1928, Fender graduated from Fullerton Union High School, entered Fullerton Junior College that fall, as an accounting major. While he was studying to be an accountant, he continued to teach himself electronics, tinker with radios and other electrical items but never took any kind of electronics course. After college, Fender took a job as a delivery man for Consolidated Ice and Cold Storage Company in Anaheim, where he was made the bookkeeper, it was around this time that a local band leader approached Leo, asking him if he could build a public address system for use by the band at dances in Hollywood. Fender was contracted to build six of these PA systems.
In 1933, Fender met Esther Klosky, they were married in 1934. About that time, he took a job as an accountant for the California Highway Department in San Luis Obispo. In a depression government change, his job was eliminated, he took a job in the accounting department of a tire company. After working there for six months, Leo lost his job along with the other accountants in the company. In 1938, with a borrowed $600, Leo and Esther returned to Fullerton, Leo started his own radio repair shop, "Fender Radio Service". Soon and band leaders began coming to him for public address systems, which he built and sold, they visited his store for amplification for the amplified acoustic guitars that were beginning to show up on the southern California music scene – in big band and jazz music, for the electric "Hawaiian" or "lap steel" guitars becoming popular in country music. During World War II, Leo met Clayton Orr "Doc" Kauffman, an inventor and lap steel player who had worked for Rickenbacker, building and selling lap steel guitars for a decade.
While with Rickenbacker, Kauffman had invented the "Vibrola" tailpiece, a precursor to the vibrato tailpiece. Fender convinced him that they should team up, they started the "K & F Manufacturing Corporation" to design and build amplified Hawaiian guitars and amplifiers. In 1944, Leo and Doc patented a lap steel guitar with an electric pickup patented by Fender. In 1945, they began selling the guitar in a kit with an amplifier designed by Fender; as the Big Bands fell out of vogue towards the end of World War II, small combos playing boogie-woogie and blues, western swing, honky-tonk formed throughout the United States. Many of these outfits embraced the electric guitar because it could give a few players the power of an entire horn section. Pickup-equipped archtops were the guitars of choice in the dance bands of the late 1940s, but the increasing popularity of roadhouses and dance halls created a growing need for louder and more durable instruments. Players needed'faster' necks and better intonation to play what the country players called "take-off lead guitar."
In the late 1940s, solidbody electric guitars began to rise in popularity, yet they were still considered novelty items, with the Rickenbacker Spanish Electro guitar being the most commercially available solidbody, Les Paul's one-off home-made "Log" and the Bigsby Travis guitar made by Paul Bigsby for Merle Travis being the most visible early examples. Fender recognized the potential for an electric guitar, easy to hold and play, would not feed back at dance hall volumes as the typical archtop would. In 1949, he finished the prototype of a thin solid-body electric; the Telecaster equipped with two single-coil pickups and used among country and western players, became one of the most popular electric guitars in history. Instead of updating the Telecaster, Fender decided, based on customer feedback, to leave the Telecaster as it was and design a new, upscale solid-body guitar to sell alongside the basic Telecaster. Western swing guitarist Bill Carson was one of the chief critics of the Telecaster, stating that the new
Rickenbacker International Corporation is an electric string instrument manufacturer based in Santa Ana, California. The company is credited as the first known maker of electric guitars —in 1932—and produced a range of electric guitars and bass guitars. Known for their distinctive jangle and chime, Rickenbacker twelve string guitars were favored by The Beatles, Roger McGuinn of The Byrds, Gerry Marsden of Gerry and the Pacemakers. Well known players of the six string include John Fogerty of Creedence Clearwater Revival, John Kay of Steppenwolf, Tom Petty of Tom Petty and the Heartbreakers Adolph Rickenbacher and George Beauchamp founded the company in 1931 as the Ro-Pat-In Corporation to sell electric Hawaiian guitars. Beauchamp had designed these instruments, assisted by Paul Barth and Harry Watson, at National String Instrument Corporation, they chose the brand name Rickenbacher. Early examples bear the brand name Electro; the early instruments were nicknamed "fry-pans" because of circular bodies.
They are the first known solid-bodied electric guitars. They had a single pickup with a steel cover. By the time they ceased producing the "fry pan" model in 1939, they had made several thousand. Electro String sold amplifiers to go with their guitars. A Los Angeles radio manufacturer named Van Nest designed the first Electro String production-model amplifier. Shortly thereafter, design engineer Ralph Robertson further developed the amplifiers, by the 1940s at least four different Rickenbacker models were available. James B. Lansing of the Lansing Manufacturing Company designed the speaker in the Rickenbacker professional model. During the early 1940s, Rickenbacker amps were sometimes repaired by Leo Fender, whose repair shop evolved into the Fender Electric Instrument Manufacturing Company. George Beauchamp was a vaudeville performer and steel guitarist who, like many acoustic guitarists in the pre-electric-guitar 1920s, was looking for some way to make his instrument cut through an orchestra.
He first conceived of a guitar fitted with a phonograph-like amplifying horn. He approached inventor and violin-maker John Dopyera, who made a prototype that was, by all accounts, a failure, their next collaboration involved experiments with mounting three conical aluminum resonators into the body of the guitar beneath the bridge. These efforts produced an instrument that so pleased Beauchamp that he told Dopyera that they should go into business to manufacture them. After further refinements, Dopyera applied for a patent on the so-called tri-cone guitar on April 9, 1927. Thereafter and his brothers made the tri-cone guitars in their Los Angeles shop, under the brand name National. On January 26, 1928, the National String Instrument Corporation opened, with a new factory located near a metal-stamping shop owned by Adolph Rickenbacher and staffed by experienced and competent craftsmen; the company made Spanish and Hawaiian style tri-cone guitars as well as four-string tenor guitars and ukuleles.
Adolph Rickenbacher was born in Basel, Switzerland in 1887 and emigrated to the United States to live with relatives after the death of his parents. Sometime after moving to Los Angeles in 1918, he changed his surname to "Rickenbacker". In 1925, Rickenbacker and two partners formed the Rickenbacker Manufacturing Company and incorporated it in 1927. By the time he met George Beauchamp and began manufacturing metal bodies for the "Nationals" being produced by the National String Instruments Corporation, Rickenbacker was a skilled production engineer and machinist. Adolph Rickenbacher became a shareholder in National and, with the assistance of his Rickenbacker Manufacturing Company, National boosted production to fifty guitars a day. National's line of instruments was not well diversified and, as demand for the expensive and hard-to-manufacture tri-cone guitars began to slip, the company realized that it would need to produce instruments with a lower production cost to remain competitive. Dissatisfaction with what John Dopyera felt was mismanagement led him to resign from National in January 1929.
He subsequently formed the Dobro Manufacturing Corporation called Dobro Corporation and began to manufacture his own line of resonator-equipped instruments. Patent infringement disagreements between National and Dobro led to a lawsuit in 1929, with Dobro suing National for $2 million in damages. Problems within National's management as well as pressure from the deepening Great Depression led to a production slowdown at National; this resulted in part of the company's fractured management structure organizing support for George Beauchamp's newest project: development of a electric guitar. By the late twenties, the idea for electrified string instruments had been around for some time, experimental banjo and guitar pickups had been developed. George Beauchamp had experimented with electric amplification as early as 1925, but his early efforts, which used microphones, did not produce the effect he desired. Beauchamp pursued the idea, building a one-string test guitar out of a 2X4 piece of lumber and an electric phonograph pickup.
As problems at National became more apparent, Beauchamp's home experiments became more rigorous, he began to attend night classes in electronics and collaborate with fellow National employee Paul Barth. When they developed a prototype electric pickup that met their satisfaction, Beauchamp asked former National shop craftsman Harry Watson to make a wooden neck and body to hold the pickup. Somebody nicknamed it the "fry-pan" because of its shape, though Rickenbacker liked to call it the pancake. Th
The Fender Showmaster is a discontinued model of electric guitar made by Fender, is characteristic of a superstrat. During the 1980s, superstrats were becoming popular amongst the many hard rock and metal guitarists, who needed the modifications to suit their individual playing styles. Soon, many guitar manufacturers began producing instruments with these modifications as standard. Most notable were the manufacturers Ibanez, Jackson/Charvel and Yamaha. However, Fender itself had limited success thereabout; this was due to Fender's previous CBS ownership, which caused a drastic loss in Fender's quality and market share. The Showmaster was hence its most recent foray into the superstrat niche, was introduced in 1998. Gene Baker, a master builder of Fender's Custom Shop at the time, was responsible for the creation of this set-neck, carved top version. Early Showmaster models were labeled as Stratocasters on their headstocks and are rare; the Custom Shop Showmaster perimeter was a design supplied by John Suhr, another Senior master builder during that era.
It started out as a US version of the Contemporary Stratocaster and featured two Fender Texas Special pickups in the rhythm & central positions, a Seymour Duncan'59 Jeff Beck Trembucker in the lead position, a white pearloid pickguard and a deluxe locking tremolo bridge. After Suhr left it was turned into a back-routed carved set neck by Gene Baker. Suhr's new company Suhr Guitars cut the first 100 bodies for Fender. Note: In descriptions of pickup configurations, H refers to humbuckers and S refers to single-coils; the Fender Showmaster started as a Custom Shop model. It featured a carved maple top with hand scraped edges and cream binding, a set-neck maple neck, a sleek mahogany body, HSS or HH pickup configurations which consisted of Seymour Duncan'59 Trembucker humbucking pickups coupled with a pair of Fender Custom Shop Fat'50s single-coils. Other features included a rosewood or maple fingerboard with abalone inlays and 22 frets, as well as a choice of deluxe locking tremolo bridge, deluxe 2-point synchronized bridge with pop-in tremolo arm and stop-tail bridge.
It appeared as a U. S. Special/Highway 1 model, retaining the set maple neck, Fender Enforcer humbuckers, a special "kill" switch and its traditional Stratocaster headstock, equipped with a Floyd Rose licensed vibrato and a 2-octave rosewood fingerboard; some Showmasters—such as the Elite—were produced in Korea, followed by Squier variants featuring a basswood body, a reverse headstock, Floyd Rose licensed locking systems and Duncan Designed humbucking pickups. All Showmaster carved top models featured back-routed controls like most superstrats and came with a choice of bridges, abalone-inlaid rosewood fretboards with 24 frets, Seymour Duncan pickups, locking machine heads, an LSR roller nut; the Blackout version came with a graphite nut, no fretboard inlays and Fender humbuckers instead of SDs. The main distinguishing feature of Fender Showmasters—with the exception of the Flat Head—from other superstrats is the luxurious carved maple top with the hand-scraped edges and cream binding; the Showmaster series included a short-lived 7-string version with a stop-tail bridge, introduced around 1999/2000 and discontinued two years later.
The most distinct feature of the Showmaster Elites was the inclusion of a black-painted Telecaster-shaped headstock with pearloid tuner buttons. In 2009, all Showmaster models were discontinued. Squier Showmaster models Squier, Fender's budget marque produced the Showmaster. Most Squier Showmasters were made in China and retailed for $499; the line included a Jason Ellis signature model. There were Squier Showmasters marked "Crafted in Indonesia" as well. A few Korean made Squier neck-thru V4 Stagemasters were re-branded Squier Showmasters in 2002 when Fender dropped the Stagemaster name due to a trademark claim by Kramer, it is not known how many V4 neck-thrus were made with the Showmaster brand
The Fender 1000 is a model of pedal steel guitar manufactured by Fender in the 1950s and 1960s. Fender began producing the 1000 in 1957, it was marketed alongside its single-neck sibling, the Fender 400 At the time it was an innovative instrument but was made obsolete as pedal steel players began to standardize on Emmons and Day setups requiring ten strings and knee levers in addition to pedals. The guitar features two necks and eight pedals which act on the finger changers of either neck via a system of cables and pulleys; each string may be pulled down in pitch. The adjusted pitch is adjusted via screws exposed on the right side of the instrument; the scale length of early Fender 1000's is 24.5 in. Other details such as foot pedal construction and bridge design varied over the production life of the instrument; the electronics feature a tone pot, volume pot, three-way switch which selects between either neck's pickup or combines them. The bridge assembly on some Fender 1000's incorporates a patented mute feature which enables either neck's strings to be muted by raising a rubber mute underneath the strings behind the pickup.
The mute is activated by a lever at the rear of the bridge cover. For transportation the guitar separates into body and a collection of pedals, pedal bars, legs, which pack into two cases. Fender recommended an A6th tuning on the front neck with six of the eight pedals acting on this tuning. On the rear neck E7th was recommended with the remaining two pedals modifying this tuning
The Fender Mustang is a solid body electric guitar produced by the Fender Musical Instruments Corporation. It was introduced in 1964 as the basis of a major redesign of Fender's student models, the Musicmaster and Duo-Sonic, it was produced until 1982 and reissued in 1990. In the 1990s, the Mustang attained cult status as a result of its use by a number of alternative rock bands. Early examples are seen as the most collectible of all the short-scale Fender guitars; the Mustang features two single-coil pickups, an unusual pickup switching configuration, a unique vibrato system. It was available in two scale lengths; the Mustang has an offset waist, reminiscent of the Jazzmaster, but its overall styling followed the existing student models the Musicmaster and Duo-Sonic, the slight waist offset being the main change. After the release of the Mustang, the Musicmaster and Duo-Sonic were redesigned using the Mustang body. All three Mustang-bodied models were offered with optionally the 21 fret 22.5-inch neck, or a 22 fret 24-inch neck, but the 24-inch was overwhelmingly more popular and 3/4 scale examples are rare.
A 24-inch scale is still short, the same as the Fender Jaguar but a full inch and a half shorter than the Stratocaster and three-quarters of an inch shorter than the Gibson Les Paul. The short scale may improve ease of use for people with small hands, enhances the ability to use the tremolo arm for upbends; this short scale, combined with a unique and direct tremolo arm would make the Mustang a cult guitar in the 1990s. Before that, its low cost and marketing as a student guitar made it an obvious candidate for aftermarket upgrades pickup changes and amateur finishes, its wiring with the original pickups lent itself to custom modifications. In 1966 Fender issued the Fender Mustang Bass. A new bass body was designed for this with a similar offset body style to the Mustang guitar, a short scale was used. In 1969 Fender released the "Competition" Mustang with a "racing stripe" paint job and painted headstocks. Body contours were added at this time; the Competition Mustangs came in Competition Red, Competition Blue, Competition Orange.
This paint scheme was influenced by the Shelby Mustang cars of the late 1960s. In 1982 Fender discontinued both the Mustang and the Musicmaster II; these were the last of the offset student models to be made. Fender replaced the Mustang line with the short-lived Fender Bullet line of guitars and basses before relegating production of their student guitars to their Squier division. In 2016, Fender released the "Offset Series" lineup which included reissues of both the Duo-Sonic and the Mustang, the latter of, redesigned to include a six-saddle hardtail bridge similar to that of the Stratocaster and eliminating the usual switching array for a simplified two-pickup, three-position pickup selector; the pickups are out of phase with each other, so the middle both-pickup position has the twanginess of the out-of-phase position of the original instruments. In the following year, Squier would re-release the classic design as the Vintage Modified Mustang and a simplified, HH version of the Offset Series instrument as the Bullet Mustang.
In 1990 Fender re-issued the Mustang as a result of the vintage movement prevalent at the time. Among grunge and punk rock guitarists, Fender's discontinued models had become popular; such models had Fender quality, but were less expensive secondhand than vintage Stratocasters and Telecasters. The reissued Mustang is made in Japan and available in only the 24-inch scale. While the original Mustangs used poplar wood for the body, MG-72 Mustang reissues are made of the similar basswood, the newer MG-65 reissues revert to the original poplar; the natural-finished MG-77 reissue is made of ash. In 2011 Fender released a new Mustang model in the Pawn Shop series, called the Mustang Special; the model features an offset Mustang body shape and a 24-inch scale neck, but with humbucking pickups and a hard-tail Stratocaster bridge. In 2012 Fender announced a Kurt Cobain Signature Mustang; this model is based on Kurt's modified Mustangs. Instead of having 2 single coil pickups it has a Seymour Duncan JB humbucker in the bridge and a normal Mustang single coil in the neck.
It has an angled Fender adjusto-matic bridge instead of the standard Mustang bridge. Finish colors included Fiesta Red, Sonic Blue, Dark Lake Placid Blue with Competition Stripe, though by 2015 the Kurt Cobain Mustang was only produced in Sonic Blue, it will be the first Mustang model that will be sold in both right and left-handed versions in Europe. In Summer 2012, Squier released a new Mustang in the Vintage Modified series, with similar specs to the original versions, but using more modern materials. In mid-2013, Fender released the Modern Player Mustang, it featured two Fender-branded P-90 pickups, a modern 9.5" neck radius, was offered in Daphne Blue and Honeyburst. In late 2013, Fender introduced the American Special Mustang, the first production Mustang made in the United States since the original run was discontinued; the American Special Mustang was different from vintage models, eliminated many unconventional features of the original Mustang. It featured the traditional