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Dogrib language

The Dogrib language or Tłı̨chǫ Yatıì is a Northern Athabaskan language spoken by the Tłı̨chǫ of the Canadian Northwest Territories. According to Statistics Canada in 2011, there were 2,080 people who speak Tłı̨chǫ Yatıì. Tłıchǫ Yatıì is spoken by the Dene First Nations people that reside in the Northwest Territories of Canada, the Tłıchǫ. Tłı̨chǫ lands lie east of the Mackenzie River between Great Slave Lake and Great Bear Lake in the Northwest Territories. There are four primary communities that speak the language: Gamètì, Behchokǫ̀, Wekweètì and Whatì. From a population number of about 800 during the mid-19th century to about 1,700 by the 1970s, the population has grown to about 2,080 as recorded by the 2011 Census. However, Tłıchǫ Yatıì has seen a decrease in mother tongue speakers, hence placing it under the list of endangered languages; the Tłıchǫ region covers the northern shore of Great Slave Lake. Rae-Edzo, now known by its Tłıchǫ name, Behchokǫ̀, is the largest community in the Tłıchǫ region.

According to the Endangered Languages Project 1,350 people speak the language while at home. Speakers are fluent in English. Tłıchǫ Yatıì was traditionally only an oral language, but in 1992, the first edition of the Tłıchǫ Yatıì Enįhtł’è - A Dogrib Dictionary was published which provided the Tłıchǫ people with a database of words and spelling. This became the first step in revitalization efforts. In 2005, the Tłıchǫ signed the Tłıchǫ Agreement for Self-Governance; this allowed the Tłıchǫ people to prioritize the preservation of their language and way of life. Since its implementation, the Tłıchǫ Government has been working hard to help younger generations of Tłıchǫ learn the language by declaring Tłıchǫ Yatıì as one of two official languages of the Tłıchǫ Government. Revitalizations efforts include putting up signs in Tłıchǫ Yatıì, creating on the land programs, providing Tłıchǫ Yatıì classes for community members; the language is spoken in the Northwest Territories of Canada. The four official Tłıchǫ communities are Gamètì, Behchokǫ̀, Wekweètì and Whatì, although both communities of Yellowknife and Dettah have many Tłıchǫ speakers.

The consonants of Tłıchǫ Yatıì in the standard orthography are listed below: Tenuis stops may be voiced. Aspirated stops may be fricated before back vowels; the language uses long and nasal vowels, distinguishes them in writing, along with low tone: Nasal vowels are marked by an ogonek e.g. ą. Low tone is marked with a grave accent, e.g. à. High tone is never marked; the letter'i' is written without a dot. Typologically, Tłıchǫ Yatıì is an agglutinating, polysynthetic head-marking language, but many of its affixes combine into contractions more like fusional languages; the canonical word order of Tłıchǫ Yatıì is SOV. Tłıchǫ Yatıì words are modified by prefixes, unusual for an SOV language. Like Spanish and Portuguese, Tłıchǫ Yatıì has two verbs similar to English'be'. One is used for ways of being that are more temporary. For example, nàzèe-dǫǫ̀ ts’ı̨ı̨lı̨ and nàzèe-dǫǫ̀ ats’ı̨ı̨t’e both mean'we are hunters', but the first means that the speakers are hunters, while the second implies that hunting is their regular profession.

In addition to verbs and nouns, there are pronouns, clitics of various functions, numerals, postpositions and conjunctions in Tłıchǫ. The class of adjectives is small around two dozen words: most descriptive words are verbs rather than adjectives. Example words and phrases: Languages of Canada Indigenous languages of the Americas Alphabet and pronunciation at Omniglot Tłı̨chǫ Yatıì Multimedia Dictionary Dictionaries and Tłıchǫ language sources in PDF format Dogrib basic lexicon at the Global Lexicostatistical Database Lewis, M. Paul. Ethnologue: Languages of the World. Dallas, Texas: SIL International

Stellarton Surface Coal Mine

The Stellarton Surface Coal Mine is an open pit reclamation coal mine located in Stellarton, Nova Scotia. It is operated by Pioneer Coal Limited; the mine began operations in 1980 and coal is extracted using truck and shovel mining. Coal mining has taken place in this area of Pictou County for more than 400 years, until the Donkin Mine reopened in 2017, the pit was the only operating coal mine in Nova Scotia. Underground mining took place in the area where the Stellarton pit is located and remnants of the abandoned tunnels from underground mining can be seen on the pit walls. Once coal has been extracted, the surface is restored through reclamation. In 2014 Pioneer Coal applied to modify the "method of extraction" to include explosives, allowing them to blast through 9.1 metres of rock to access a 3.4 metres seam of coal. The application has raised concerns with the local community; the mine produces about 300,000 tonnes of coal per year. Its principal customer is the Trenton Generating Station.

The mine is slated to cease operating in 2019. Pioneer Coal Limited Westray Mine Media related to Pioneer Coal Mine at Wikimedia Commons

Municipality of Divača

The Municipality of Divača is a municipality in the Littoral region of Slovenia, near the Italian border. The seat of the municipality is the town of Divača; the municipality was established on 6 November 1994, when the former Municipality of Sežana was dissolved into four smaller municipalities. Škocjan Caves, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, is located in the municipality. Notable people that were born in the Municipality of Divača include: Rudolf Cvetko, Olympic fencer Bogomir Magajna and psychiatrist Ita Rina, actress Danilo Zelen, anti-Fascist insurgence leader Media related to Divača municipality at Wikimedia Commons Municipal website Municipality of Divača on Geopedia

Lewis Thompson Woodruff

Lewis Thompson Woodruff was an officer in the Confederate States Army during the American Civil War. He was born in Hartford, but moved to Mobile, Alabama in 1839, he entered Alabama state service on April 24, 1861 as captain of the "Mobile Rifles", designated Company K, 3rd Alabama Infantry. Woodruff was so well thought of that an offshoot of his company took his name, the "Woodruff Rifles" fought in the 21st Alabama Infantry; the 3rd Alabama was organized at Montgomery and was the first Alabama regiment to make the trek to the seat of war in Virginia, where it mustered into Confederate service at Lynchburg on May 4th. Woodruff served as a captain in the 3rd Alabama for a year; the 3rd was brigaded with the 1st and 12th Virginia at Norfolk, on the Peninsula, first under Colonel Jones M. Withers and under Colonel William Mahone. On May 12, 1862, Woodruff was elected lieutenant colonel of the newly formed 36th Alabama Infantry; the 36th was organized at Mount Vernon Arsenal in Mount Vernon, Alabama on May 12, 1862.

It remained there a month aided in the construction of the defenses at Oven Bluff shipyard on the Tombigbee River and at Choctaw Point and was stationed in Mobile. On March 14, 1863 Woodruff was promoted to full colonel of the 36th; the following month, April 1863, Woodruff and his regiment were sent to the winter camps at Tullahoma, Tennessee. There it was placed in a brigade with the 18th, 32nd, 38th, 58th Alabama regiments under Brigadier General Henry Clayton, in Alexander Stewart's division; when General Braxton Bragg was maneuvered out of middle Tennessee during the Tullahoma Campaign, the 36th fell back with the army. Their first major engagement in which Woodruff commanded the regiment was the Battle of Chickamauga. In an after action report, Woodruff reported that his regiment went in at 1:30 and fought till out of ammunition they were withdrawn to resupply. After resupplying they went back into action; the 36th was awarded credit for capturing the battery and the crossed cannon honors were placed on their flag.

Loses for the regiment were light at the Battle of Lookout Mountain on November 24, 1863, but they suffered at the Battle of Missionary Ridge the following day. Thus began a series of reverses that did not stop until the army went into winter quarters in and around Dalton, Georgia. After a cold, hungry winter the colonel led his men into battle in Georgia at Rocky Face Ridge, Resaca and at New Hope Church. At New Hope Church "Colonel L. T. Woodruff was wounded on the 25th of May, at 4 o'clock, the ball entering his thigh near the leading artery, he was carried from the field, believed to be mortally wounded." He survived and was recommended for promotion to Brigadier General, but his leg was so badly damaged that he could not walk fifty yards with crutches, so the medical board recommended his retirement. On December 13, 1864, he retired from the Confederate Army and made his way back to Mobile in early 1865. On May 25, 1869, "forgetting his own safety he rushed into a burning building to save the property of a fellow citizen" and his skull was crushed by the falling of a wall.

He received a tribute in the May 27, Mobile Register

David Boden

David Jonathan Peter Boden is a former English cricketer. Boden was a right-handed batsman, he was born in Staffordshire. Boden made his debut in county cricket for Middlesex in a first-class match against Oxford University. In what was his only senior appearance for the county, Boden took 4 wickets in the Oxford first-innings, with Simon Almaer being his maiden first-class wicket, he went wicket-less in the Oxford second-innings. He joined Essex, who he made his debut for against Cambridge University in 1992, he appeared in 2 further first-class matches for the county, both coming in the 1993 County Championship against Middlesex and Sussex, with Boden taking 3 wickets at an expensive average of 86.00. It was for Essex that he made his List A debut for in the 1993 AXA Equity & Law League against Durham, he made 3 further List A appearances for Essex, all coming in 1993, with his final appearance coming against Middlesex. Again, his bowling came without great success, with Boden taking 4 wickets at an average of 40.50 in limited-overs cricket for Essex.

Leaving Essex at the end of the 1994 season, Boden joined Gloucestershire in 1995. His first-class debut for the county came against Hampshire in the County Championship, he made 2 further first-class appearances for Gloucestershire, against Oxford University in 1995 and the touring Indians in 1996. He took 8 wickets in his 3 first-class appearances for the county, which came at an average of 40.87, with best figures of 3/38. He made 4 List A appearances for the county, with 3 coming in the 1995 AXA Equity & Law League and one against Suffolk in the 1995 NatWest Trophy. In these 4 matches, he took 9 wickets at an average of 14.33, with best figures of 6/26, which came against Suffolk. Leaving Gloucestershire at the end of the 1996 season, Boden joined Staffordshire, with him making his debut for the county in the 1997 Minor Counties Championship against Buckinghamshire, he played Minor counties cricket for Staffordshire from 1997 to 2000, which included 21 Minor Counties Championship matches and 4 MCCA Knockout Trophy matches.

He made his first List A appearance for the county against Leicestershire in the 1998 NatWest Trophy, with Boden making 3 further List A appearances for the county. He struggled with the ball in these matches, taking just a single wicket for an overall cost of 172 runs. In 2001, he joined Shropshire, with Boden making his debut for the county against Oxfordshire in the 2001 Minor Counties Championship, he played for Shropshire in 2001 and 2002, making 5 Minor Counties Championship appearances and 7 MCCA Knockout Trophy appearances. His only List A appearance for Shropshire came against Oxfordshire in the 2nd round of the 2002 Cheltenham & Gloucester Trophy, played in 2001. In this match, he was dismissed for 8 runs by Adam Cook, while with the ball he took the wickets of Craig Haupt and Timothy Smith, for the cost of 25 runs from 8 overs. David Boden at ESPNcricinfo David Boden at CricketArchive

HMS Vigilant (R93)

HMS Vigilant was a V-class destroyer of the British Royal Navy that saw service during World War II. On 26 March 1945 she, along with the destroyers Saumarez and Virago, intercepted a Japanese supply convoy east of Khota Andaman, Andaman Islands in the Indian Ocean, she and Virago sank CH-63. Part of the escorting destroyers of the 21st Aircraft Carrier Squadron involved in Operation Dracula from April to May 1945, she participated in the Battle of the Malacca Strait with the destroyers Saumarez, Verulam and Virago which culminated in the sinking of the Japanese cruiser Haguro on 16 May 1945. In January 1946 Vigilant was part of the Londonderry Flotilla and in September 1946 went to the Mediterranean. Between 1947 and 1951 she was held in reserve at Portsmouth. In 1951 she began conversion by Thornycroft at Woolston, she was allocated the new pennant number F93. Between 1953 and 1955 she was part of the 6th Frigate Squadron as part of the Home Fleet. In October 1954 she collided with another Type 15 Frigate HMS Relentless and was repaired at Devonport Dockyard.

In 1955 she had been converted for use as a training frigate and became leader of the Dartmouth Training Squadron. In 1956 this consisted of Vigilant, Venus and the minesweepers Jewel and Acute. Vigilant was paid off in 1963 and arrived at Faslane for breaking up on 4 June 1965. Colledge, J. J.. Ships of the Royal Navy: The Complete Record of all Fighting Ships of the Royal Navy. London: Chatham Publishing. ISBN 978-1-86176-281-8. Marriott, Leo. Royal Navy Destroyers since 1945. Ian Allan. ISBN 0-7110-1817-0. Raven, Alan. War Built Destroyers O to Z Classes. London: Bivouac Books. ISBN 0-85680-010-4. Whitley, M. J.. Destroyers of World War 2. Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press. ISBN 0-87021-326-1. Naval-History.net HMS Vigilant "Japanese Sub Chasers". Combinedfleet.com. Retrieved 26 March 2014