Dollah Darya Khan

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Darya Khan Lashari
دوله دريا خان لاشاری
Regent of the Samma Ruler
In office
1508–1512
Monarch Jam Feroz
Personal details
Born Qaboolo or (Qabool Muhammad Lashari)
Died 1521
Sindh, Samma Dynasty
Children Mahmud Khan Lasharie , Motan khan Lasharie
Military service
Years of service 1490-1521
Commands Samma Army
Battles/wars Battle of Jalwakhir
Battle of Fatehpur

Mubarak Khan Lasharie or more popular as Darya Khan Lasharie (Sindhi: دريا خان لاشاری‎), was a famous general of Samma Dynasty of Sindh, a powerful statesman and regent at the court of Samma ruler Jam Feroz whose deeds of valour are sung all over Sindh to this day.
Darya Khan was adopted son of Jam Nizamuddin II who defeated the Argun army in the Battle of Jalwakhir near Bibi Nani in the Bolan Pass.This victory made Darya Khan Lashari, the 'Dollah' (Hero) of Sindh.On his deathbed, Jam Nizamuddin,entrusted to Darya Khan the care of his kingdom,of his treasures,his family, and his son Jam Feroz.
Darya Khan Lashari was killed while fighting bravely in the Battle of Fatehpur when an arrow hit him in throat on 21 December 1521 A.D. and thus ended the reign of Jam Feroz as an independent ruler.

Early life[edit]

Darya Khan Lasharie was adopted as son by Jam Nizamuddin. His real name was Qaboolo (or Qabool Muhammad ) He belongs to Baloch Tribe Lashari. He rose to become Madarul-Muham (Prime Minister) and was titled as Mubarak Khan Lashari.

Military Service[edit]

In the days of Mongol, Sultan Hussain Mirza Baiqra, of Khurasan, on complaints of the merchants of Central Asia (Herat and Qandhar), that they were looted by Sir.dhis, the Sultan sent armed expedition to Sind border, which after ir itial raids returned to their country. A declaration of victory was issued in Herat in 892 A.H. (1487 A.D.).It states that the infidels (Sindhis) having come to know of Mongol movements,collected a large army and wanted to make a surprise attack but the Islamic forces (Mongols) came to know of it and made offensive attacks, killing many of these Hindus (forces of Jam Nizamuddin). As a result of this success declaration of victory was issued.

This may have been an attack on Sirdh border without any results. Amir Zul Noon Arghoon, then was Herat s Naib at Qan.dh.ar. He seems to have despatched his son Shah Beg on this expedition.The latter captured the Sibi Fort from Jam Nizamuddin's agent Bahadur Khan and installed his brother Sultan Mohammad, who later on was defeated ard killed by Mubarak Khan Lashari (Darya Khan Lashari Dullah) near Jalwagir in Bolan Pass, close to Bibi Nani.

After this incident the Mongols did not turn up in Sindh during the life of Jam Nizamuddin. Mongol troops had advanced as far as Chanduka, Sardecha and Kot Machhi, but after being expelled by Darya Khan Lashari ,they never turned back ' during Jam Nizamuddin's lifetime.

Death of Jam Nizamuddin Samma after 48 years rule of Sind and was succeeded by his son Nasiruddin Abul Fatah Feroz Shah-II. At that time Jam Feroz had neglected the affairs of the state, refused the advice of Darya Khan Lashari , who had to retire to his Jagir in the village Ghaha (Kahan near Sehwan and these failures brought his defeat at the hands of Salahuduin who thus became the ruler of Sind. Feroz Shah along with his mother Madina Machhani went over to Ghaha to Darya Khan Lashari, who at the request of Madina agreed to help, collected troops from Sehwan, but got the first set-back at the hands ot Haji, the Minister of Jam Salahuddin. As luck would have it the Minister's letter about the success of the initial battle addressed to Jam Salahuddin fell in the hands of Darya Khan Lashari, who had it replaced, conveying Salahuddin that the Minister's forces had been defeated and it was advisable for him to abandon Thatta. This was quickly done. Darya Khan Lashari then moved Feroz Shah to Thatta and installed him on 1st Shawwal, 918 A.H. (1512 A D. 12 October). Salahuddin then returned to Gujarat. He had remained in ossession of Thatta for about eight months and must have collected a large sum of money from Thatta and organized another battle.

Last days of Darya Khan Lashari[edit]

There are different versions about the last days of his life.

Tahiri states:


Masumi on the other hand reports:

Beglar Nama states that:

Zafar-ul-Walih states:

Shrine of Darya Khan Lashari[edit]

An inscription at the north oi Mubarak Khan's grave calls him Al Khanul Azam Wa Shahid Mubarak Khan Ibn Sultan Nizamuddin.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Channa Mahboob Ali, Mehran, Vol.41, No. 4, 1964, pp. 131-32.