Journey to the Center of the Earth (2008 theatrical film)
Journey to the Center of the Earth is a 2008 American 3D science fantasy adventure film directed by Eric Brevig and starring Brendan Fraser, Anita Briem, Josh Hutcherson. It is an adaptation of the Jules Verne novel, was released in 3D and 2D theaters by New Line Cinema on July 11, 2008; the film introduced the 4DX movie format, featuring "4D" motion effects in a specially designed cinema in Seoul, South Korea, using tilting seats to convey motion, sprays of water and sharp air, probe lights to mimic lightning, fog and other theatrical special effects. The film received mixed to positive reviews from critics and earned $242 million on a $60 million budget. Max Anderson is being pursued by a Tyrannosaurus; when he tries to jump across, he calls out his brother's name before falling into the vent. Ten years Max's 13-year-old son, Sean Anderson, visits Max's brother, volcanologist Trevor Anderson. In a box of items that belonged to Max is a book, Journey to the Center of the Earth by Jules Verne.
Notes written by Max are found inside the book. In Trevor's volcanology laboratory, a device shows activity on Snæfell, a dormant volcano in Iceland. Trevor and Sean travel to Iceland to investigate, they try to contact Icelandic volcanologist Sigurbjörn Ásgeirsson, but instead encounter his daughter Hannah Ásgeirsdóttir since her father had died some years earlier. It turns out that Sigurbjörn and Max were both Vernians, a group of people who believe the works of Jules Verne to be fact and not fiction. Hannah offers to help them climb the volcano. While the group is hiking up the volcano, a lightning storm forces them to take shelter in a cave; the cave entrance collapses. The trio rappel down a giant hole and ride on out-of-control mine carts, in which the tracks start to branch off in three ways. Hannah and Trevor save each other from Sean reunites with them, they reach the bottom of a volcanic vent filled with different varieties of crystals, including Diamonds. Sean accidentally drops a diamond, which breaks the Muscovite floor, they begin to fall towards the center of the Earth.
The vent becomes a water slide which drops them safely into a lake in the center of the Earth, which turns out to be a separate world contained within the Earth. The group starts seeking a way back to the surface. Along the way, they find evidence. Trevor remarks that some instruments found are Lidenbrock's, suggesting that another group had made the journey, somehow returned to the surface and recounted the tale of their adventure to Verne, they find a large tree with some of Max's things inside of it. While Trevor and Sean are examining what they've found, Hannah finds Max's body, they bury Max on the beach of the underground ocean and Trevor reads a letter to Sean found in Max's journal. Trevor discovers that his brother died due to dehydration because of hot magma surrounding the center of the Earth. Using information from Max's journal, Trevor determines that they must find a geyser that can send them to the surface before the temperature rises to 200 °F. Further, they must reach the geyser within 48 hours or the water for the geyser will have evaporated.
They build a raft and begin crossing the underground ocean, but soon are attacked a pack of Xiphactinus, until a pod of Elasmosaurus devour the Xiphactinus, allowing the trio to escape. The raft's sail becomes loose. Sean is blown away and separated from the two adults. Sean wakes up on a little Bio-luminescent bird guides Sean towards the river. Meanwhile and Hannah decide to take a rest, but are attacked by Carnivorous Plants. Hannah is strangled by a plant. Trevor battles the other plants and rips the plant, holding Hannah by the neck, out of the ground, they continue towards the geyser; when they arrive at the river, Trevor gets no response. Trevor says he is going to look for Sean, but tells Hannah she should continue on to the geyser and save herself. Before he goes, Hannah kisses Trevor in case he does not return. Meanwhile, Sean has entered an bone-filled area, he encounters an enormous Albino Tyrannosaurus Rex, which upon seeing him, begins to chase after him. As the Tyrannosaurus chases him, Trevor hears Sean's screaming and breaks the wall separating them, the dinosaur breaks through the wall and chases them but Trevor sees and runs for a Muscovite field, the Tyrannosaurus follows him, as ground collapses under its footsteps and falls into the dark sinkhole.
When they get to a river, they find Hannah sailing a boat fashioned from the top jaw of a carnivorous dinosaur. They sail to a volcano with magma rising in its crater, find out they missed the geyser. Sean notices. Trevor hears water flowing on the other side of the walls and sees that the crater walls contain magnesium. After he uses a flare to ignite the magnesium, the resulting water-magma collision triggers the geyser, shooting them up and out of the center of the Earth through Mount Vesuvius; when they fall, they accidentally destroy some of the vines in a vineyard. To make amends with the vineyard's farmer, Sean gives the owner a diamond that he found while in the center of the Earth. Trevor sees. After the adventure, Sean visits Trevor and Hannah in their new home, purchased using some of the diamonds Sean took f
Lightning Rod (roller coaster)
Lightning Rod is a wooden roller coaster located at Dollywood in Pigeon Forge, Tennessee. Marketed as the world's first launched wooden roller coaster, the ride is themed to hot rod cars from the 1950s and was manufactured by Rocky Mountain Construction, it was planned to debut on opening day in 2016, but a problem with the ride's unique launch system delayed the opening to June 13, 2016. A mechanical issue occurred the following week, resulting in an extended closure that caused Lightning Rod to miss most of its debut season. Dolly Parton first unveiled plans for a new roller coaster at a Dollywood amusement park presentation on August 7, 2015. Known as Lightning Rod, it would become the first wooden roller coaster in the world to use a launch system instead of a traditional chain lift hill. Featuring a peak speed of 73 mph, it would become the world's fastest among wooden coasters; the ride, estimated to cost $22 million, represented the largest investment in park history on a single attraction as of 2016.
The investment is one component of a multi-year expansion costing $300 million, which began in 2013. Lightning Rod was scheduled to open with the park on March 15, 2016. On March 24, 2016, Fred Grubb of Rocky Mountain Construction stated that the roller coaster's magnetic launch system, being developed by an outside contractor, "would not be able to perform at the level required for proper operation". Grubb did not elaborate any further on the nature of the problem, nor did he estimate the length of the delay. Lightning Rod opened for "technical rehearsals", where select guests could experience the ride, but it didn't open to the public until June 13, 2016. On June 20, 2016, Dollywood announced that Lightning Rod would be closed while a recalled mechanical part was being replaced on the roller coaster, by request of Rocky Mountain Construction. Park officials re-opened the ride, again as a "technical rehearsal", on June 29, 2016. On September 5, 2016, Dollywood announced that the ride was once again operational.
Mayfield Dairy released a co-branded ice cream flavor called "Smoky Mountain Fudge" advertising Lightning Rod. Lightning Rod's trains are themed to hot rod cars from the 1950s; each train has each seating four people, for a total capacity of 24 riders per train. Lightning Rod departs the station via a right-hand turn and is launched up its first hill, accelerating from zero to 45 mph. After a short drop, the train crests and descends its tallest hill, dropping 165 feet and attaining its maximum speed of 73 miles per hour. Lightning Rod climbs to the left and enters the first of several steeply-banked turns. Dropping out of the turn, the train rises to the right snaps to the left and back to the right again. After another right-hand turn, Lightning Rod enters another snap-left-then-right sequence; the train enters a double-up climb before descending the mountain through a sequence of four consecutive drops prior to banking right and passing near the station. The train enters its final turn, a climbing 180-degree turn to the right, before dropping and entering the final brake run, leading to a right-turn back into the station.
Lightning Rod claimed the Best New Ride of 2016 from the 2016 Golden Ticket Awards. Official website Lightning Rod at the Roller Coaster DataBase
Thunderhead (roller coaster)
Thunderhead is a wooden roller coaster located at Dollywood in Pigeon Forge, Tennessee. The coaster, the anchor attraction of the new "Thunderhead Gap" section, opened on April 3, 2004, to much critical acclaim. Thunderhead boasts 22 turns and 32 crossovers, utilizes GCI's Millennium Flyer trains, used on all GCI coasters since 1999. Thunderhead is the first roller coaster to feature a station flyby; the ride was named after Thunderhead Mountain, a peak within the nearby Great Smoky Mountains National Park, logged during the early 19th century. The mountain itself was named "Thunderhead" after a slang term in the American South for Cumulonimbus clouds. 700,000 board feet of Southern Yellow Pine 3600 yards of concrete 250,000 bolts 2,000,000 screws 185,000 feet of steel rebar Dollywood's Official Page for Thunderhead
Tennessee is a state located in the southeastern region of the United States. Tennessee is the 16th most populous of the 50 United States. Tennessee is bordered by Kentucky to the north, Virginia to the northeast, North Carolina to the east, Georgia and Mississippi to the south, Arkansas to the west, Missouri to the northwest; the Appalachian Mountains dominate the eastern part of the state, the Mississippi River forms the state's western border. Nashville is the state's capital and largest city, with a 2017 population of 667,560. Tennessee's second largest city is Memphis, which had a population of 652,236 in 2017; the state of Tennessee is rooted in the Watauga Association, a 1772 frontier pact regarded as the first constitutional government west of the Appalachians. What is now Tennessee was part of North Carolina, part of the Southwest Territory. Tennessee was admitted to the Union as the 16th state on June 1, 1796. Tennessee was the last state to leave the Union and join the Confederacy at the outbreak of the American Civil War in 1861.
Occupied by Union forces from 1862, it was the first state to be readmitted to the Union at the end of the war. Tennessee furnished more soldiers for the Confederate Army than any other state besides Virginia, more soldiers for the Union Army than the rest of the Confederacy combined. Beginning during Reconstruction, it had competitive party politics, but a Democratic takeover in the late 1880s resulted in passage of disenfranchisement laws that excluded most blacks and many poor whites from voting; this reduced competition in politics in the state until after passage of civil rights legislation in the mid-20th century. In the 20th century, Tennessee transitioned from an agrarian economy to a more diversified economy, aided by massive federal investment in the Tennessee Valley Authority and, in the early 1940s, the city of Oak Ridge; this city was established to house the Manhattan Project's uranium enrichment facilities, helping to build the world's first atomic bombs, two of which were dropped on Imperial Japan near the end of World War II.
Tennessee's major industries include agriculture and tourism. Poultry and cattle are the state's primary agricultural products, major manufacturing exports include chemicals, transportation equipment, electrical equipment; the Great Smoky Mountains National Park, the nation's most visited national park, is headquartered in the eastern part of the state, a section of the Appalachian Trail follows the Tennessee-North Carolina border. Other major tourist attractions include the Tennessee Aquarium in Chattanooga; the earliest variant of the name that became Tennessee was recorded by Captain Juan Pardo, the Spanish explorer, when he and his men passed through an American Indian village named "Tanasqui" in 1567 while traveling inland from South Carolina. In the early 18th century, British traders encountered a Cherokee town named Tanasi in present-day Monroe County, Tennessee; the town was located on a river of the same name, appears on maps as early as 1725. It is not known whether this was the same town as the one encountered by Juan Pardo, although recent research suggests that Pardo's "Tanasqui" was located at the confluence of the Pigeon River and the French Broad River, near modern Newport.
The meaning and origin of the word are uncertain. Some accounts suggest, it has been said to mean "meeting place", "winding river", or "river of the great bend". According to ethnographer James Mooney, the name "can not be analyzed" and its meaning is lost; the modern spelling, Tennessee, is attributed to James Glen, the governor of South Carolina, who used this spelling in his official correspondence during the 1750s. The spelling was popularized by the publication of Henry Timberlake's "Draught of the Cherokee Country" in 1765. In 1788, North Carolina created "Tennessee County", the third county to be established in what is now Middle Tennessee; when a constitutional convention met in 1796 to organize a new state out of the Southwest Territory, it adopted "Tennessee" as the name of the state. Tennessee is known as The Volunteer State, a nickname some claimed was earned during the War of 1812 because of the prominent role played by volunteer soldiers from Tennessee during the Battle of New Orleans.
Other sources differ on the origin of the state nickname. This explanation is more because President Polk's call for 2,600 nationwide volunteers at the beginning of the Mexican–American War resulted in 30,000 volunteers from Tennessee alone in response to the death of Davy Crockett and appeals by former Tennessee Governor and Texas politician, Sam Houston. Tennessee borders eight other states: Virginia to the north. Tennessee is tied with Missouri as the state bordering the most other states; the state is trisected by the Tennessee River. The highest point in the state is Clingmans Dome at 6,643 feet (
Dollywood is a theme park jointly owned by entertainer Dolly Parton and Herschend Family Entertainment. It is located in the Knoxville-Smoky Mountains metroplex in Tennessee. Hosting nearly 3 million guests in a typical season – mid-March to the Christmas holidays – Dollywood is the biggest ticketed tourist attraction in Tennessee. In addition to standard amusement park thrill rides, Dollywood features traditional crafts and music of the Smoky Mountain area; the park hosts a number of concerts and musical events each year, including appearances by Dolly Parton and her family as well as other national and local musical acts. It is the site of the Southern Gospel Museum and Hall of Fame; the theme park is the anchor of Parton's 150-acre Dollywood amusement destination, which includes sister water park, Dollywood's Splash Country, Dollywood's DreamMore Resort and Spa, Dolly Parton's Stampede Dinner Attraction. The park opened in early 1961 as a small tourist attraction owned by the Robbins brothers from Blowing Rock, North Carolina.
Named "Rebel Railroad," it included a steam train, general store, blacksmith shop, saloon. With a theme inspired by the centennial anniversary of the Civil War, the train ride let visitors experience "attacks" by Union soldiers, train robbers, Indians; the train and its riders were protected by Confederates. The park was modeled after the Robbins brothers' first successful theme park, Tweetsie Railroad in Blowing Rock. In 1970, Art Modell – who owned the Cleveland Browns football team – bought Rebel Railroad and renamed it "Goldrush Junction." The park retained the railroad and added an outdoor theater, a log flume ride, Robert F. Thomas Church. In 1976, Jack and Pete Herschend bought Goldrush Junction and renamed it "Goldrush" for the 1976 season. In 1977, they renamed it "Silver Dollar City Tennessee," making it a sister park to their original Silver Dollar City in Branson, Missouri; the Herschends spent about $1 million upgrading the park upon purchase and added other improvements over the years.
In 1977, the train ride received two new locomotives, the #70 and the #71, from the White Pass & Yukon Route Railroad. In 1986, Dolly Parton, who grew up in the area, bought an interest in Silver Dollar City; as part of the deal, the park reopened for the 1986 season as "Dollywood." In 2010, Parton said she became involved with the operation because she "always thought that if I made it big or got successful at what I had started out to do, that I wanted to come back to my part of the country and do something great, something that would bring a lot of jobs into this area."Dollywood has 3,000 people on its payroll, making it the largest employer in the community. From 1986 to 2010, the park doubled in size to 150 acres. On November 16, 2010, Dollywood earned the industry's most prestigious award, the Liseberg Applause Award, accepted by Dolly Parton during a ceremony at IAAPA Attractions Expo 2010 in Orlando. Parton said in 2010. "We want to expand with new things every year with a resort," she said.
"We may have Dollywoods in other parts of the country, where we can kind of be true to whatever's going on in that part of the world." On August 21, 2013, Parton announced Dollywood's DreamMore Resort and Spa, which opened on July 27, 2015. On May 3, 1986, Silver Dollar City Tennessee reopened as Dollywood; the new Rivertown Junction area included a whitewater rafting ride. New was "Rags to Riches: The Dolly Parton Story," a museum displaying articles and mementos from Dolly's life and career. "The Butter Churn" was removed at the end of the season. Park attendance doubled to more than a million guests during the first season as Dollywood. In 1987, the Daydream Ridge area opened and included the Mountain Slidewinder water toboggan ride, Mountain Dan's Burger House, Sweet Dreams Candy Shop, The Rainbow Factory blown glass shop, Critter Creek Playground. In 1988, the 1,739-seat Celebrity Theater, featuring the "Showcase of Stars" celebrity concert series, was constructed adjacent to the entrance of the park.
Five new children's rides were added including a Zamperla Balloon Race. The Dollywood Foundation was established to provide books and schools supplies to the children of Sevier County. Thunder Express, a steel mine train coaster, was built adjacent to Blazing Fury in 1989; the ride was relocated to the park from Six Flags Over Mid-America. The 1989 season was the last for the National Mountain Music Festival, a carryover from the Silver Dollar City years. In 1990, a 1903 antique Dentzel Carousel built for Rocky Springs Park in Lancaster, was relocated to the park. Situated near the train depot, it took over the space occupied by the Silver Dollar Saloon; the 600-seat Gaslight Theater opened near the carousel. The Smoky Mountain Christmas Festival premiered in November, extending the park's operating season into December. Eagle Mountain Sanctuary, an outdoor aviary, was added in 1991 along with the Wings of America Theater, site of the Birds of Prey show, the 300-seat Valley Theater; the Showstreet area was added in 1992 and included the Showstreet Palace Theater, The Butterfly Emporium, The Backstage Restaurant, The Spotlight Bakery, Friendship Gardens, WDLY-FM, a working radio station.
To accommodate the expansion, the park's main entrance moved from Rivertown Junction to Showstreet. The Barnwood Theater was converte
Wild Eagle is a steel Wing Coaster built by Bolliger & Mabillard at the Dollywood amusement park in Pigeon Forge, Tennessee. It is the first of its kind in the United States and opened to the media on March 23, 2012 before opening to the public on March 24, 2012; the roller coaster reaches speeds of 61 miles per hour. In September 2012, the ride was voted as the best new ride of 2012 in Amusement Today's Golden Ticket Awards. Speculation of Wild Eagle began in March 2011 when plans to discuss Dollywood's 2012 attraction were submitted to the Pigeon Forge Planning Commission. On March 24, 2011, those plans were approved and though city officials could not tell what the plans were, some believed it looked to be a roller coaster. On September 4, 2011, Wild Eagle was announced to the public as the first wing coaster to open in the United States. On October 7, 2011, the lift hill was completed, by the end of October 2011, the track layout was complete. On February 28, 2012, Dollywood unveiled a steel sculpture of an eagle with a wing span of 42 feet and a total weight of 8,000 pounds that would be placed near the entrance of the ride.
The ride soft opened to the media on March 23, 2012, before opening to the public on March 24, 2012. After departing from the station, the train makes a left turn leading into the 210-foot chain lift hill. Once at the top, the train drops 135 feet; the train enters a 110-foot vertical loop followed by a slight left a zero-gravity roll where riders experience the feeling of weightlessness. Upon exiting the roll, the train enters an immelmann loop; the train goes through a trim brake, before entering a corkscrew a camelback hill, a common way of achieving air-time on roller coasters. The tram makes a sharp left turn before making a sharp right turn which leads into the brake run; the train makes a left turn into another set of brakes before entering the station where the next riders board the train. One cycle of the ride lasts 22 seconds. Wild Eagle operates with two open-air steel and fiberglass trains, each with seven cars which have four seats each, with two on each side of the track for a total of 28 riders per train.
Riders are restrained by interlocking seat belts. Because the seats are on the side of the track, a cantilevered steel arm is used to support the wings; the front of each of the seven train cars is shaped to resemble an eagle with outstretched wings adding to the theme of the ride. The steel track is 3,127 feet in length and the height of the lift is 210 feet; the track is painted blue and the supports are painted tan. Both friction and magnetic brakes are used on the roller coaster to control the trains speed. Joel Bullock from The Coaster Critic gave Wild Eagle a nine out of ten for its unique experience, he stated that, "It’s smooth, has some fun inversions, is meant to be a wide-reaching crowd pleaser and it delivered" but mentions that the restraints can become uncomfortable from time to time. In Amusement Today's Golden Ticket Awards, the roller coaster was voted as the best new attraction for 2012 and 15th best roller steel roller coaster in the world. In Mitch Hawker's worldwide Best Roller Coaster Poll, the ride placed 87th.
2012 in amusement parks X-Flight, a Bolliger & Mabillard Wing Coaster at Six Flags Great America The Swarm, a Bolliger & Mabillard Wing Coaster at Thorpe Park Official website
A water park or waterpark is an amusement park that features water play areas such as swimming pools, water slides, splash pads, water playgrounds, lazy rivers, as well as areas for bathing and other barefoot environments. Modern water parks may be equipped with some type of artificial surfing or bodyboarding environment, such as a wave pool or flowrider. Water parks have grown in popularity since their introduction in early 1950s; the United States has the largest and most concentrated water park market, with over 1,000 water parks and dozens of new parks opening each year. Major organizations are the IAAPA and WWA, the industry trade association. Water parks which emerge from spas tend to more resemble mountain resorts, as they become year-round destinations. For example, Splash Universe Water Park Resort is themed to match the community in which it is located; the theme is intended to enhance the community's destination appeal. Therefore, the amusement and leisure-time industry is becoming more concentrated, as winter sports are becoming common themes in summertime water recreation.
A process of concentration can be observed in the hybrid versions of theme-, amusement-, water parks. Some water parks are more spa-oriented. For example, SchwabenQuellen has no water. In the 2000s, an effort was made to reduce long waiting lines by introducing conveyor belts to lift passengers or use water jets. An unusual feature at a water park is ice skating. Deep River Water Park in northwestern Indiana features ice skating, made possible by cooling pipes installed under their massive plaza; the first-ever indoor water park was built in Edmonton, Canada, in 1985 at the West Edmonton Mall as part of the $12.2-billion-dollar Phase III expansion. World Waterpark is the world's largest indoor water park, at over 655,550 sq ft in size, it includes the world's largest indoor wave pool, water slides of varying degrees, tube rides, bungee jumping, hot tubs. Tropical Islands Resort, with an area of 510,000 sq ft, is the second largest indoor water park in the world. With five indoor water parks, Wisconsin Dells, Wisconsin is recognized as the "Water Park Capital of the World".
It showcases several of America's largest indoor and outdoor water parks, such as Noah's Ark Water Park. Indoor water parks in Wisconsin Dells debuted in 1994 after the Polynesian Resort Hotel built the first one in the U. S. Success in extending the tourist season and turning water park resorts into vacation destinations has resulted in tremendous industry growth. Resort hotels featuring massive indoor water parks have been reserved for overnight guests. Companies like Great Wolf Resorts/Great Wolf Lodge and Kalahari Resorts have branched out from their origin in Wisconsin Dells to open new locations around the country. Mt. Olympus Theme and Water Park is another huge water park in the Dells; the largest indoor water park in the UK is Sandcastle Water Park in Blackpool, which opened in 1986. There are many water parks in southern Europe. For example, in Portugal's Algarve, there are three main parks: Aqualand and Slide n' Splash; the growth of indoor water parks have encouraged leisure centres across the world to begin implementing features of waterparks into their facilities, including slides and lazy rivers.
Water play areas are similar to water parks and include urban beaches, splash pads, smaller collections of water slides in many hotels and public swimming pools. For example, the Chelsea Hotel in Toronto features. Indoor water park List of water parks O'Niell, Karen. "The International Politics of National Parks". 24. Young, Terrance. "Modern Urban Parks". 85: 535–551. JSTOR 215924