Domenico "Domingo" Ghirardelli, Sr. was the founder of the Ghirardelli Chocolate Company in San Francisco, California. Domenico Ghirardelli, Sr. was born on February 21, 1817, in Rapallo, Italy, to Giuseppe and Maddalena Ghirardelli. His father was a spice merchant in Genoa. In his teens, he apprenticed at a noted chocolatier in Genoa. At about the age of twenty, in 1838, he moved to Uruguay in 1838 to Lima, where he established a confectionery, began using the Spanish equivalent of his Italian name, Domingo. In 1849 he moved to California on the recommendation of his former neighbor, James Lick, who had brought 600 pounds of chocolate with him to San Francisco in 1848. Caught up in the California Gold Rush, he opened his first store in a mining camp to sell sweets and treats to miners who were lacking the small pleasures of life. Ghirardelli spent a few months in the gold fields near Sonora and Jamestown, before deciding to become a merchant in Hornitos, California. In 1852, he moved to San Francisco and established the Ghirardelli Chocolate Company at what would come to be known as Ghirardelli Square.
According to the San Francisco Chronicle he is San Francisco's most successful chocolatier. Around the year 1865, a worker at the Ghirardelli factory discovered that by hanging a bag of ground cacao beans in a warm room, the cocoa butter would drip off, leaving behind a residue that could be converted into ground chocolate; this technique, known as the Broma process is now the most common method used for the production of chocolate. Ghirardelli married Elisabetta Corsini, a native of Italy, in 1837, she died in 1846. Ghirardelli married Carmen Alvarado Martin of Lima, Peru, in 1847, her first husband had been a French physician, lost at sea, she had an eight-month-old child, Carmen. He and Carmen had seven children: Virginia, he died on January 1894 in Rapallo, Italy from influenza. His body was buried at "Mountain View Cemetery", along with the rest of his family. Ghirardelli Chocolate Company Ghirardelli Square Notes Citations
Thomas Domingo is a French rugby union player. Domingo, a loosehead prop, plays his club rugby for ASM Clermont Auvergne, he made his debut for France against Wales on 27 February 2009. His diminutive stature and superb technique, make him one of the most feared loosehead props in world rugby. Domingo's brother, Fabien Domingo, plays at number eight for CA Brive. FFR profile
Domingo Arechiga Jr. was an Hispanic educator who from 1974 to 1985 was the president of Laredo Community College Laredo Junior College in Laredo, Texas. Arechiga was the third of four children of Domingo Sr. and Elvira Elizondo Arechiga, both natives of Mexico. He graduated in 1945 from Martin High School in Laredo, at which he played football and basketball and ran track, his classmates called him "Mingo". Arechiga spoke at the time of joining the United States Navy, he studied thereafter at the Roman Catholic St. Edward's University in the capital city of Austin, from which he graduated in 1950, he received the St. Edward's Alumni Achievement Award ten years in 1960, he held the degrees of Bachelor of Philosophy, Master of Science, Ph. D. granting institutions unavailable. Prior to his eleven-year presidency at LCC, Arechiga had been the dean of the institution. In that capacity, he named Crispin Sanchez to dual positions of dean of student services and the college athletic director, with oversight over the creation of basketball and baseball teams.
The LCC Palominos basketball team, while it lasted, was successful in matches against arch-rival San Jacinto College of Pasadena, Texas. It reached No. 1 nationally in 1983 with a 20-1 season. The teams were popular within the community among young people, with out-of-town visitors; the players were promised an academic education along with their sports success. Arechiga referred to the team's success as "a beautiful thing, it's meaningful. It's. It's a blending of two cultures." Under part of Arechiga's time as president, the basketball coach, athletic director, head of the physical education department was Russell David "Dave" Segler, on the faculty from 1972 to 1981. Segler was an inductee of the Gateway to Mexico All Sports Hall of Fame. Before he was LCC president, Arechiga had been vice president of his institution, he worked in articulation, the process of bridging the transition of high school graduates into higher education and accepting transfer credits from other institutions. In 1964, a master plan was devised to accommodate a college of at least 1,500 students.
The enrollment was nearly four thousand students by the time that Arechiga succeeded Ray A. Laird as president. In 1977, Arechiga hired the University of Texas at San Antonio to conduct an archeological survey of the campus to determine what historical artifacts if any would be damaged by construction of athletic fields near the Rio Grande. No prehistoric occupation of the campus lands was found in the survey. None of the artifacts uncovered pre-date 1860. Arechiga was a charter member of the Texas Community Colleges Instrutional Administrators and the Texas Association of Chicanos in Higher Education, he is included as a "Leader of Color in Higher Education" in a book of that same name by Leonard A. Valverde, he was active too in the Border College Consortium encompassing six community colleges along the Mexican border. In 1978, Arechiga co-authored with Vernon M. Briggs Jr. Thomas Deliganis, Hiram Goad The Feasibility of Bilingual Vocational Training Through the Border College Consortium Approach.
Arechiga married one of five children of José and Sofia Garza. Emma worked for sixty-four years for Horace Hall Jr. former attorney for the Laredo Community College trustees, the Hall law firm. She was a member of the Laredo Women's Hall of Fame, worked with her husband in fundraising for the college, was active in the Blessed Sacrament Catholic Church in Laredo, their son, Father Dennis Domingo Arechiga, is a graduate of J. W. Nixon High School in Laredo and Notre Dame University in South Bend, a Roman Catholic pastor in San Antonio, Texas, at St. Matthew's Church. Mrs. Arechiga spent her last years in San Antonio; the two other Arechiga children are Jo Emma Arechiga of Corpus Christi, Alberto David Arechiga of Austin. Arechiga had two sisters, Elvira A. Guerra and Maria Laura Arechiga, a brother, Manuel J. Arechiga Sr. who worked in the automotive industry in Laredo and the petroleum business in San Antonio. An Arechiga nephew, Manuel Arechiga Jr. manages the family petroleum industry and was a 2010 candidate for the Laredo City Council.
Another nephew, Luis G. Guerra Jr. reared in Zapata, was a president of the Laredo Chamber of Commerce, the 2005 "Businessperson of the Year", the visionary of the Laredo Miracle Field for handicapped children playing baseball. One of Arechiga's nieces, Norma A. Belshaw, is married to San Antonio real estate agent Ronald William Belshaw, their son and Arechiga's great-nephew, Jeffrey Todd Belshaw, is in the real estate business in San Antonio. Arechiga is interred in Laredo at Calvary Catholic Cemetery. Arechiga Hall, the former Fort McIntosh enlisted men's barracks on the LCC campus remodeled into offices, is named for Arechigar. So is the Domingo Arechiga Scholarship in the amount of $1,200 annually; the scholarship is awarded to a high school student in the top 5 percent of the class, entering LCC as a freshman
Sunday is the day of the week between Saturday and Monday. Sunday is a day of rest in most Western countries, as a part of the weeknight. For most observant Christians, Sunday is observed as a day of worship and rest, holding it as the Lord's Day and the day of Christ's resurrection. In some Muslim countries and Israel, Sunday is the first work day of the week. According to the Hebrew calendar and traditional Christian calendars, Sunday is the first day of the week, but according to the International Organization for Standardization ISO 8601, Sunday is the seventh day of the week. The name "Sunday", the day of the Sun, is derived from Hellenistic astrology, where the seven planets, known in English as Saturn, Mars, the Sun, Venus and the Moon, each had an hour of the day assigned to them, the planet, regent during the first hour of any day of the week gave its name to that day. During the 1st and 2nd century, the week of seven days was introduced into Rome from Egypt, the Roman names of the planets were given to each successive day.
Germanic peoples seem to have adopted the week as a division of time from the Romans, but they changed the Roman names into those of corresponding Teutonic deities. Hence, the dies Solis became Sunday; the English noun Sunday derived sometime before 1250 from sunedai, which itself developed from Old English Sunnandæg, cognate to other Germanic languages, including Old Frisian sunnandei, Old Saxon sunnundag, Middle Dutch sonnendach, Old High German sunnun tag, Old Norse sunnudagr. The Germanic term is a Germanic interpretation of Latin dies solis, a translation of the Ancient Greek heméra helíou; the p-Celtic Welsh language translates the Latin "day of the sun" as dydd Sul. In most Indian languages, the word for Sunday is Ravivāra or Adityavāra or its derived forms — vāra meaning day and Ravi both being a style for Surya i.e. the Sun and Suryadeva the chief solar deity and one of the Adityas. Ravivāra is first day cited in Jyotisha, which provides logical reason for giving the name of each week day.
In the Thai solar calendar of Thailand, the name is derived from Aditya, the associated colour is red. In Russian the word for Sunday is Воскресенье meaning "Resurrection". In other Slavic languages the word means "no work", for example Polish: Niedziela, Ukrainian: Недiля, Belorussian: Нядзеля, Croatian: nedjelja and Slovenian: Nedelja, Czech: Neděle, Bulgarian: Неделя; the Modern Greek word for Sunday, Greek: Κυριακή, is derived from Greek: Κύριος due to its liturgical significance as the day commemorating the resurrection of Jesus Christ, i.e. The Lord's Day. In Korean, Sunday is called 일요일 Il-yo-Il, meaning "day of sun"; the international standard ISO 8601 for representation of dates and times, states that Sunday is the seventh and last day of the week. This method of representing dates and times unambiguously was first published in 1988. In the Judaic, some Christian, as well as in some Islamic tradition, Sunday has been considered the first day of the week. A number of languages express this position either by the name for the day or by the naming of the other days.
In Hebrew it is called יום ראשון yom rishon, in Arabic الأحد al-ahad, in Persian and related languages یکشنبه yek-shanbe, all meaning "first". In Greek, the names of the days Monday, Tuesday and Thursday mean "second", "third", "fourth", "fifth" respectively; this leaves Sunday in the first position of the week count. The current Greek name for Sunday, Κυριακή, means "Lord's Day" coming from the word Κύριος, the Greek word for "Lord". In Portuguese, where the days from Monday to Friday are counted as "segunda-feira", "terça-feira", "quarta-feira", "quinta-feira" and "sexta-feira", while Sunday itself similar to Greek has the name of "Lord's Day". In Vietnamese, the working days in the week are named as: "Thứ Hai", "Thứ Ba", "Thứ Tư", "Thứ Năm", "Thứ Sáu", "Thứ Bảy". Sunday is called "Chủ Nhật", a corrupted form of "Chúa Nhật" meaning "Lord's Day"; some colloquial text in the south of Vietnam and from the church may still use the old form to mean Sunday. In German, Wednesday is called "Mittwoch" "mid-week", implying that weeks run from Sunday to Saturday.
The name is similar in the Romance Languages. In Italian, Sunday is called "domenica", which means "Lord's Day". One finds similar cognates in French, where the name is "dimanche", as well as Romanian and Spanish and Portuguese. Slavic languages implicitly number Monday as not two. Russian воскресение means "resurrection". In Old Russian Sunday was called неделя "free day" or "day with no work", but in the contemporary language this word means "week". Hungarian péntek is a Slavic loanword, so the correlation with "five" is not evident to Hungarians. Hungarians use Vasárnap for Sunday, which means "market day". In the Maltese language, due to its Siculo-Arabic origin, Sunday is called "Il-Ħadd", a corruption of "wieħed" meaning "one". Monday is "It-Tnejn" meaning "two". Tuesday is "It-Tlieta", Wednesday is "L-Erbgħa" and Thursday is "Il-Ħamis". In Armenian, Monday is meaning 2nd day of the week, Tuesday 3rd day, Wednesday 4th day, Thursday (Hingsh
Juan Domingo Perón was an Argentine Army general and politician. After serving in several government positions, including Minister of Labor and Vice President, he was elected President of Argentina three times, serving from June 1946 to September 1955, when he was overthrown in a coup d'état, from October 1973 until his death in July 1974. During his first presidential term, Perón was supported by his second wife, Eva Duarte, they were immensely popular among many Argentines. Eva died in 1952, Perón was elected to a second term, serving from 1952 until 1955. During the following period of two military dictatorships, interrupted by two civilian governments, the Peronist party was outlawed and Perón was exiled; when the left-wing Peronist Héctor José Cámpora was elected President in 1973, Perón returned to Argentina and was soon after elected President for a third time. His third wife, María Estela Martínez, known as Isabel Perón, was elected as Vice President on his ticket and succeeded him as President upon his death in 1974.
Although they are still controversial figures and Evita Perón are nonetheless considered icons by the Peronists. The Peróns' followers praised their efforts to eliminate poverty and to dignify labour, while their detractors considered them demagogues and dictators; the Peróns gave their name to the political movement known as Peronism, which in present-day Argentina is represented by the Justicialist Party. Peronism is a political phenomenon that draws support from both the political left and political right. Peronism is not considered a traditional party, but a political movement, because of the wide variety of people who call themselves Peronists, there is great controversy surrounding his personality. A number of following Argentinian presidents are considered Peronists, including administrations covering a majority of the democratic era: Héctor Cámpora, Isabel Perón, Adolfo Rodríguez Saá, Eduardo Duhalde, Néstor Kirchner and Cristina Kirchner. Juan Domingo Perón was born in Lobos, Buenos Aires Province, on 8 October 1895.
He was the son of Mario Tomás Perón. The Perón branch of his family was Spanish, but settled in Spanish Sardinia, from which his great-grandfather emigrated in the 1830s, he had Spanish and French Basque ancestry. Perón's great-grandfather became a successful shoe merchant in Buenos Aires, his grandfather was a prosperous physician; the couple had their two sons out of wedlock and married in 1901. His father moved to the Patagonia region that year, where he purchased a sheep ranch. Juan himself was sent away in 1904 to a boarding school in Buenos Aires directed by his paternal grandmother, where he received a strict Catholic upbringing, his father's undertaking failed, he died in Buenos Aires in 1928. The youth entered the National Military College in 1911 at age 16 and graduated in 1913, he excelled less in his studies than in athletics boxing and fencing. Perón began his military career in an Infantry post in Entre Ríos, he went on to command the post, in this capacity mediated a prolonged labor conflict in 1920 at La Forestal a leading firm in forestry in Argentina.
He earned instructor's credentials at the Superior War School, in 1929 was appointed to the Army General Staff Headquarters. Perón married his first wife, Aurelia Tizón, on 5 January 1929. Perón was recruited by supporters of the director of the War Academy, General José Félix Uriburu, to collaborate in the latter's plans for a military coup against President Hipólito Yrigoyen. Perón, who instead supported General Agustín Justo, was banished to a remote post in northwestern Argentina after Uriburu's successful coup in September 1930, he was promoted to the rank of Major the following year and named to the faculty at the Superior War School, where he taught military history and published a number of treatises on the subject. He served as military attaché in the Argentine Embassy in Chile from 1936 to 1938, returned to his teaching post, his wife was diagnosed with uterine cancer that year, died on 10 September at age 30. Perón was assigned by the War Ministry to study mountain warfare in the Italian Alps in 1939.
He attended the University of Turin for a semester and served as a military observer in countries across Europe. He studied Benito Mussolini's Italian Fascism, Nazi Germany, other European governments of the time, concluding in his summary, Apuntes de historia militar, that social democracy could be a viable alternative to liberal democracy or totalitarian regimes, he returned to Argentina in 1941, served as an Army skiing instructor in Mendoza Province. In 1943 a coup d'état was led by General Arturo Rawson against conservative President Ramón Castillo, fraudulently elected to office; the military was opposed to Governor Robustiano Patrón Costas, Castillo's hand-picked successor, the principal landowner in Salta Province, as well as a main stockholder in its sugar industry. As a colonel and his power of premier minister, Perón took a significant part in the military coup by the GOU against the conservative civilian government of Castillo. At first an assistant to Secretary of War General Edelmiro Farrell, under the administration of General Pe
Stella is the fourth studio album by the Swiss electronic band Yello, first released in Germany and Austria on 29 January 1985, in the UK and US in March 1985. It was the first album made by the band without founder member Carlos Perón, with his departure the remaining duo of Boris Blank and Dieter Meier began to move away from experimental electronic sounds towards a more commercial synthpop and cinematic soundtrack style; as well as becoming the first album by a Swiss group to top the Swiss album chart, it was the band's breakthrough album internationally, helped by the success of the song "Oh Yeah", which gained the band worldwide attention the following year after it was prominently featured in the 1986 film Ferris Bueller's Day Off and a year in The Secret of My Success. Recording took place from mid-1983 to mid-1984 at the band's Yello Studio on the shore of Lake Zurich. Blank had purchased two new synthesizers in 1983, a Yamaha DX7 and a Roland JX-3P, but the album was written and created using the equipment he owned, a Fairlight CMI Series II sampler along with an ARP Odyssey synthesizer, the Linn LM-1 and Oberheim DMX drum machines, a Roland VP-330 Vocoder Plus, a Lexicon Hall reverb unit and a Framus guitar.
With the album ready to be mixed, Yello decided to try the new digital mixing process instead of the standard analogue process, in August 1984 they visited Hartmann Digital Studio in Nuremberg where engineer Tom Thiel began mixing the album. However, Yello abruptly cancelled the sessions after just ten days, unhappy with the sound of the album. Meier explained that the duo felt that the songs were losing their soul, saying, "Getting technically more experienced was leading us onto a slick perfectionist track. We went to a German digital studio to do the most perfect remixes on a digital machine with the SSL Desk and the rest of it, and we had to learn, a difficult process for us, that perfection is just a way to escape from having nothing to say... With Stella we were being dragged down by an excess of perfection." Blank said, "All the balances were wrong and the dynamic was lost, so I did lots of remixes again in Zurich to save this album". The group returned to their studios in Zurich and Blank started the process of remixing the tracks himself, with the exception of "Desert Inn" which he felt was acceptable as it was, "Blue Nabou" which the duo had decided would not appear on the album and hence there was no urgency to improve it, "Angel No" because Blank did not have time to mix it to the standard that he wanted.
With the delay in mixing, the album's provisional release date of 1 October 1984 could not be met, in order to avoid being lost among the Christmas releases, a new release date in January 1985 was set. Stella was first released in Germany and Austria on vinyl LP on 29 January 1985, on cassette and CD a week on 5 February in the same three countries, before being released worldwide in March 1985. In Europe the album was released on the Vertigo or Mercury labels, both labels being imprints of the Phonogram Records group. In the UK Yello's record label Stiff Records was in the process of going into administration, so the album was licensed to Elektra Records. In the US the album came out on both Elektra. Two singles were released from Stella, both of them after the album's release. "Vicious Games" was released on 27 February 1985, with a video shot in Yello's Rote Fabrik working space, featuring Blank and actress Mirjam Montandon miming to Winters' vocals. The second single, "Desire", was released on 4 June 1985.
Meier's friend, Swiss TV station owner Paul Grau, had suggested that the video should be shot in Havana in Cuba to match the song's Latin sound, the video, which included three orchestras and around 150 dancers, was filmed there in May 1985. Yello's stay in Cuba was filmed by a German TV station for a documentary, Yello auf Kuba, the duo were accompanied on the trip by photographer Anton Corbijn: some of his photographs appeared on the back cover of the single and in the booklet for the 2005 reissue of Stella; the song was used in the Miami Vice episode "Killshot" in 1986, in the film Dutch in 1991. No further singles were planned to be released from Stella, but in 1986 Yello fan and film director John Hughes asked permission to use the track "Oh Yeah" in his new film Ferris Bueller's Day Off. Featured during a scene involving a Ferrari 250 GT, again over the closing credits sequence, interest in the track caused "Oh Yeah" to be released in the US in July 1986, it was released as a single in Europe in September 1987, following the song's appearance in a second Hollywood film, The Secret of My Success.
Some of the songs and themes of Stella had begun as part of an operatic stage show titled Snowball that Meier had started developing in 1983. He told the US magazine Trouser Press that the outline of the show was "Boris Blank plays a medieval magician/musician whose songs have an Rasputin-like influence over his listeners; the powers that be consider him so dangerous that they banish him to a sealed-in mountain cave. So that he doesn't go mad from sensory deprivation, he must resort to the powerful imagery of his music; the show gets its title from those little water-and-scenery filled trinkets that ` snow'. The magician uses one of these'snowballs' as a sort of surrogate crystal ball." In the end Blank felt he was not a good enough actor to play the lead role, Meier abandoned plans to put on Snowball as a stage show due to costs. After reworking the plot and changing the title to Lightmaker, the project appeared as a film in 2001. Certain aspects of the Snowb
Saint Dominic known as Dominic of Osma and Dominic of Caleruega called Dominic de Guzmán and Domingo Félix de Guzmán, was a Castilian priest and founder of the Dominican Order. Dominic is the patron saint of astronomers. Dominic was born in Caleruega, halfway between Aranda de Duero in Old Castile, Spain, he was named after Saint Dominic of Silos. The Benedictine abbey of Santo Domingo de Silos lies a few miles north of Caleruega. In the earliest narrative source, by Jordan of Saxony, Dominic's parents are named Felix Guzman and Juanna of Aza; the story is told that before his birth his barren mother made a pilgrimage to the Abbey at Silos, dreamt that a dog leapt from her womb carrying a flaming torch in its mouth, "seemed to set the earth on fire." This story drew resonance from the fact that his order became known, after his name, as the Dominican order, Dominicanus in Latin which a play on words interpreted as Domini canis: "Dog of the Lord." Jordan adds that Dominic was brought up by his parents and a maternal uncle, an archbishop.
The failure to name his parents is not unusual, since Jordan wrote a history of the Order's early years, rather than a biography of Dominic. A source, still of the 13th century gives their names as Juana and Felix. Nearly a century after Dominic's birth, a local author asserted that Dominic's father was "vir venerabilis et dives in populo suo"; the travel narrative of Pero Tafur, written circa 1439, states that Dominic's father belonged to the family de Guzmán, that his mother belonged to the Aça or Aza family. Dominic's mother, Jane of Aza, was beatified by Pope Leo XII in 1828. Dominic was educated in the schools of Palencia where he devoted six years to the arts and four to theology. In 1191, when Spain was desolated by famine, young Dominic gave away his money and sold his clothes and precious manuscripts to feed the hungry. Dominic told his astonished fellow students, "Would you have me study off these dead skins, when men are dying of hunger?" In 1194, around age twenty-five, Dominic joined the Canons Regular in the canonry in the Cathedral of Osma, following the rule of Saint Augustine.
In 1203 or 1204 he accompanied Diego de Acebo, the Bishop of Osma, on a diplomatic mission for Alfonso VIII, King of Castile, to secure a bride in Denmark for crown prince Ferdinand. The envoys traveled to the south of France; the marriage negotiations ended but the princess died before leaving for Castile. Around 1205, along with Diego de Acebo, began a program in the south of France, to convert the Cathars, a Christian religious sect with gnostic and dualistic beliefs, which the Roman Catholic Church deemed heretical; as part of this, Catholic-Cathar public debates were held at Verfeil, Pamiers, Montréal and elsewhere. Dominic concluded that only preachers who displayed real sanctity and asceticism could win over convinced Cathar believers; however Dominic managed only a few converts among the Cathars. In 1215, Dominic established himself, with six followers, in a house given by Peter Seila, a rich resident of Toulouse. Dominic saw the need for a new type of organization to address the spiritual needs of the growing cities of the era, one that would combine dedication and systematic education, with more organizational flexibility than either monastic orders or the secular clergy.
He his companions to the monastic rules of prayer and penance. In the same year, the year of the Fourth Lateran Council and Foulques went to Rome to secure the approval of the Pope, Innocent III. Dominic returned to Rome a year and was granted written authority in December 1216 and January 1217 by the new pope, Honorius III for an order to be named "The Order of Preachers". Blessed Cecilia Caesarini, received by Dominic into his new order, in her old age described him as "...thin and of middle height. His face was somewhat fair, he had reddish hair and beard and beautiful eyes... His hands were long and fine and his voice pleasingly resonant, he never got bald, though he wore the full tonsure, mingled with a few grey hairs." Although he traveled extensively to maintain contact with his growing brotherhood of friars, Dominic made his headquarters in Rome. In 1219, Pope Honorius III invited Dominic and his companions to take up residence at the ancient Roman basilica of Santa Sabina, which they did by early 1220.
Before that time the friars had only a temporary residence in Rome at the convent of San Sisto Vecchio, which Honorius III had given to Dominic circa 1218, intending it to become a convent for a reformation of nuns at Rome under Dominic's guidance. The official foundation of the Dominican convent at Santa Sabina with its studium conventuale, the first Dominican studium in Rome, occurred with the legal transfer of property from Pope Honorius III to the Order of Preachers on 5 June 1222, though the brethren had taken up residence there in 1220; the studium at Santa Sabina was the forerunner of the studium generale at Santa Maria sopra Minerva. The latter would be transformed in the 16th century into the College of Saint Thomas, in the 20th century into the Pontifical University of Saint Thomas Aquinas, Angelicum sited at the convent of Saints Dominic and Sixtus. In the winter of 1216–1217, at the house of Ugolino de' Conti