Gnaeus Domitius Afer was a Roman orator and advocate, born at Nemausus in Gallia Narbonensis. He flourished in the reigns of Tiberius, Caligula and Nero, he was suffect consul in the nundinium of September-December 39 as the colleague of Aulus Didius Gallus. He became praetor in 25 AD, gained the favor of Tiberius by accusing Claudia Pulchra, the second cousin of Agrippina, of adultery and the use of magic arts against the emperor, in 26 AD. From this time he became one of the most celebrated orators in Rome, but sacrificed his character by conducting accusations for the government. In the following year, 27 AD, he is again mentioned by Tacitus as the accuser of Quinctilius Varus, the son of Claudia Pulchra. In consequence of the accusation of Claudia Pulchra, of some offense which he had given to Caligula, he was accused by the emperor in the senate, but by concealing his own skill in speaking, pretending to be overpowered by the eloquence of Caligula, he not only escaped the danger, but was made consul suffectus in 39 AD.
In his old age Afer lost much of his reputation by continuing to speak in public, when his powers were exhausted. During the reign of Nero he became curator aquarum, or superintendent of the city's water supply, but died not long afterwards, in 59 AD, having eaten himself to death, according to Jerome in the Chronicon of Eusebius. Quintilian, when a young man, heard Afer, speaks of him as the most distinguished orator of his age, he says that Afer and Julius Africanus were the best orators he had heard, that he prefers the former to the latter, Quintilian refers to a work of his On Testimony, to one entitled Dicta, to some of his orations, of which those on behalf of Domitilla, or Cloantilla, Lucius Volusenus Catulus seem to have been the most celebrated. According to Pliny the Younger, in his will Afer had made Titius Marcellus Curvius Lucanus and Titius Marcellus Curvius Tullus his heirs on the condition that they take on his name, he had prosecuted Sextus Curvius Tullus, stripping him of his wealth and citizenship.
Pliny comments that Afer's will had been drawn up 18 years suggesting that Afer and Tullus the elder had once been friends. This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Smith, William, ed.. "Afer, Domitius". Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology. 1. P. 54
"You'll Never Know" is a popular song with music written by Harry Warren and the lyrics by Mack Gordon. The song is based on a poem written by a young Oklahoma war bride named Dorothy Fern Norris; the song was introduced in the 1943 movie Hello, Hello where it was sung by Alice Faye. The song won the 1943 Academy Award for one of nine nominated songs that year, it was performed by Faye in the 1944 film Four Jills in a Jeep. The song is credited as Faye's signature song. However, Faye never released a record of the ballad, frequent recordings of the song by other singers diminished her association with it, it was recorded in 1943 among others, Frank Sinatra and Dick Haymes. The Haymes’ version was a number one hit for four weeks on the Billboard and Harlem Hit Parade charts. Sinatra recorded his version at his first recording session at Columbia as a solo artist, it was conducted by Alec Wilder with the Bobby Tucker Singers providing accompaniment. Sinatra’s version charted for 16 weeks starting July 24 and spent two weeks at number 2.
In Britain, the recording by Vera Lynn was popular during the ongoing Second World War. The Sinatra and Haymes records were made during the 1942–1944 musicians' strike, an American Federation of Musicians strike against the recording companies; as a result, the recordings were made without musicians, with vocal groups replacing the usual instrumental backup. The group backing Haymes, The Song Spinners, was given credit on the Haymes record. Rosemary Clooney recorded the song with Harry James in 1952, a version was recorded in 1954 by Big Maybelle. Bette Midler recorded the song for the 2003 covers album Bette Midler Sings the Rosemary Clooney Songbook; the song was the first song that Barbra Streisand recorded, in 1955 when she was 13 years old. It was the opening song on her 4-CD box-set Just for the Record; this box-set collection closed with an orchestrated version of that song, sung as a duet by Streisand at age 45 with the voice of the girl from that 1955 recording. Although uncredited on the CD, this closing cut was arranged and conducted by Rupert Holmes as part of the suspended Streisand-Holmes "Back to Broadway" recording sessions.
Barbra dramatized the 1955 recording session as part of the opening of her "Timeless" concert tour in 2000. A recording of this was featured on the accompanying CD & DVD release: "Timeless: Live in Concert"; the Platters recorded the song in December, 1969. It reached #109 on the US Billboard chart, from their album "Song for the Lonely." It is confused with a song with a similar title, "You'll Never, Never Know," charting at #11 in August 1956. Bing Crosby recorded it for his radio show in 1957 and it was subsequently issued on CD. Doris Day recorded a version in her two-album set Hooray for Hollywood in 1958. Shirley Bassey reached #6 on the UK charts with her 1961 version. Bobby Darin recorded a version for his 1962 album, Oh! Look at Me Now. Eartha Kitt recorded a version for The Romantic Eartha. Al Hirt released a version on his 1965 album, They're Playing Our Song. Alice Faye's film recording is the opening song in Martin Scorsese's 1974 film Alice Doesn't Live Here Anymore. Trini Lopez included "You'll Never Know" on his Reprise Records album The Sing Along World of Trini Lopez.
The Mamas & the Papas vocalist Denny Doherty included the song on his 1974 solo album Waiting for a Song. The single was released with "Good Morning", from the same album, as the B-side; this version reached the top 15 of Billboard's Easy Listening survey. Singer and actress Bernadette Peters sang the song on her eponymous debut solo album in 1980. Singer Antonio Marcos released a Spanish rendition of the theme, named "Nunca Sabrás", in the Spanish soundtrack from the Brazilian Soap Opera "Baila Conmigo", created by Manoel Carlos and televised by Rede Globo in 1981. Elkie Brooks recorded it for Screen Gems. Lew DeWitt of The Statler Brothers, released a version in 1985 on the Compleat label. Maura O'Connell recorded the song for Helpless Heart. Barbara Mandrell performed the song in her final curtain call for her retirement concert, "The Last Dance" in 1997. Vocalist Michael Bublé performed a live recording of the song on his 2004 album, Come Fly With Me. In 2005, South-African jazz trumpeter Hugh Masekela included the song in his album Almost Like Being in Jazz In 2006, Frank Sinatra Jr. released an album entitled That Face!
Including the song "You'll Never Know". In 2017, Renée Fleming recorded. Alice Faye's film recording appears in Guillermo del Toro's 2017 film The Shape of Water; the song is performed in the film by Sally Hawkins as part of a dance number with Doug Jones. Hawkins lip-synchs to a new recording of the song by Renée Fleming and the London Symphony Orchestra. Lyrics of this song at MetroLyrics
During the 2003–04 English football season, West Bromwich Albion F. C. competed in the First Division. In the 2003–04 season, Albion had their best League Cup run for 22 years, beating Newcastle United and Manchester United before losing to Arsenal in the quarter-finals; the team enjoyed good form in the league, remaining in the top two from mid-October until the end of the season, winning promotion back to the Premiership, again as runners-up, at the first attempt. Albion unveiled the Astle Gates outside their home ground, The Hawthorns, in July 2003; the gates are a tribute to the club's former striker, Jeff Astle, who died in January 2002. West Bromwich Albion's score comes first Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality. Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality
Neuromorphic engineering known as neuromorphic computing, is a concept developed by Carver Mead, in the late 1980s, describing the use of very-large-scale integration systems containing electronic analog circuits to mimic neuro-biological architectures present in the nervous system. In recent times, the term neuromorphic has been used to describe analog, mixed-mode analog/digital VLSI, software systems that implement models of neural systems; the implementation of neuromorphic computing on the hardware level can be realized by oxide-based memristors, spintronic memories, threshold switches, transistors. A key aspect of neuromorphic engineering is understanding how the morphology of individual neurons, circuits and overall architectures creates desirable computations, affects how information is represented, influences robustness to damage, incorporates learning and development, adapts to local change, facilitates evolutionary change. Neuromorphic engineering is an interdisciplinary subject that takes inspiration from biology, mathematics, computer science, electronic engineering to design artificial neural systems, such as vision systems, head-eye systems, auditory processors, autonomous robots, whose physical architecture and design principles are based on those of biological nervous systems.
As early as 2006, researchers at Georgia Tech published a field programmable neural array. This chip was the first in a line of complex arrays of floating gate transistors that allowed programmability of charge on the gates of MOSFETs to model the channel-ion characteristics of neurons in the brain and was one of the first cases of a silicon programmable array of neurons. In November 2011, a group of MIT researchers created a computer chip that mimics the analog, ion-based communication in a synapse between two neurons using 400 transistors and standard CMOS manufacturing techniques. In June 2012, spintronic researchers at Purdue presented a paper on the design of a neuromorphic chip using lateral spin valves and memristors, they argue that the architecture works to neurons and can therefore be used to test methods of reproducing the brain's processing. In addition, these chips are more energy-efficient than conventional ones. Research at HP Labs on Mott memristors has shown that while they can be non-volatile, the volatile behavior exhibited at temperatures below the phase transition temperature can be exploited to fabricate a neuristor, a biologically-inspired device that mimics behavior found in neurons.
In September 2013, they presented models and simulations that show how the spiking behavior of these neuristors can be used to form the components required for a Turing machine. Neurogrid, built by Brains in Silicon at Stanford University, is an example of hardware designed using neuromorphic engineering principles; the circuit board is composed of 16 custom-designed chips, referred to as NeuroCores. Each NeuroCore's analog circuitry is designed to emulate neural elements for 65536 neurons, maximizing energy efficiency; the emulated neurons are connected using digital circuitry designed to maximize spiking throughput. A research project with implications for neuromorphic engineering is the Human Brain Project, attempting to simulate a complete human brain in a supercomputer using biological data, it is made up of a group of researchers in neuroscience and computing. Henry Markram, the project's co-director, has stated that the project proposes to establish a foundation to explore and understand the brain and its diseases, to use that knowledge to build new computing technologies.
The three primary goals of the project are to better understand how the pieces of the brain fit and work together, to understand how to objectively diagnose and treat brain diseases, to use the understanding of the human brain to develop neuromorphic computers. That the simulation of a complete human brain will require a supercomputer a thousand times more powerful than today's encourages the current focus on neuromorphic computers. $1.3 billion has been allocated to the project by The European Commission. Other research with implications for neuromorphic engineering involves the BRAIN Initiative and the TrueNorth chip from IBM. Neuromorphic devices have been demonstrated using nanocrystals and conducting polymers. Intel unveiled its neuromorphic research chip, called “Loihi”, in October 2017; the chip uses an asynchronous spiking neural network to implement adaptive self-modifying event-driven fine-grained parallel computations used to implement learning and inference with high efficiency. IMEC, a Belgium-based nanoelectronics research center, demonstrated the world's first self-learning neuromorphic chip.
The brain-inspired chip, based on OxRAM technology, has the capability of self-learning and has been demonstrated to have the ability to compose music. IMEC released the 3--second tune composed by the prototype; the chip was sequentially loaded with songs in style. The songs were old Belgian and French flute minuets, from which the chip learned the rules at play and applied them. Brainchip holdings will release an NSoC processor called Akida in late 2019. While the interdisciplinary concept of neuromorphic engineering is new, many of the same ethical considerations apply to neuromorphic systems as apply to human-like machines and artificial intelligence in general. However, the fact that neuromorphic systems are designed to mimic a human brain gives rise to unique ethical questions surrounding their usage. However, the practical debate is that neuromorphic hardware as well as artificial "neural networks" are immensely
William Field Nankivell was an Australian politician. He was born in Mount Gambier and served in the Royal Australian Air Force during World War II from 1944 to 1945, he was a company director before entering politics. He represented the South Australian House of Assembly seats of Albert from 1959 to 1970 and Mallee from 1970 to 1979 for the Liberal and Country League and Liberal Party, he was a member of the Parliamentary Committee on Land Settlement, Parliamentary Standing Committee on Public Works and Public Accounts Committee
Yellow Ostrich was an American indie rock band based in Brooklyn, New York. The band formed in 2009 and, at the time of their last show, consisted of Alex Schaaf, Michael Tapper, Jared Van Fleet and Zach Rose; the band formed in 2009 and consisted of Alex Schaaf, Michael Tapper, Jon Natchez. Yellow Ostrich originated as the solo project of Schaaf, who first started recording music in his bedroom with a 4-track recorder. While pursuing his music degree at Lawrence University in Appleton, Schaaf had the opportunity to open for Michael Tapper's project Bishop Allen, for whom he played drums at the time; the two musicians made a connection, when Schaaf moved to Brooklyn at the same time as Tapper in 2010, they decided to perform together as Yellow Ostrich. After recording their first studio album, The Mistress, the band enlisted the help of multi-instrumentalist Jon Natchez to help achieve their sound on stage. Natchez had played with numerous other indie bands including The Antlers and Beirut, became an official band member.
While on tour in 2011, the band signed to Barsuk Records, who released the band's sophomore LP, Strange Land. On June 10, 2013, the band announced. At that time, they announced that Jared Van Fleet and Zach Rose were joining the band. On November 7, 2014, Yellow Ostrich released a statement on their official Facebook page that they would be disbanding after their final performance, which occurred on December 8, 2014 at Glasslands Gallery in Brooklyn, New York. Yellow Ostrich Wild Comfort The Mistress Strange Land Cosmos Carousels Whalemary 7" The Serious Kids EP The Morgan Freeman EP Fade Cave EP Ghost EP