San Jose High School
San Jose High School is a public high school in San Jose, California. Founded in 1863, it is California's second oldest public high school. San Jose High School opened in 1863 in a room above Orbon's flour store at 210 South 1st Street. On January 1, 1868, it moved to a purpose-built $20,000 building at Santa Clara and 7th Streets that housed Horace Mann Elementary. In 1898 San Jose High School was relocated to One Washington Square, on San Fernando Street between 6th and 7th Streets, where it remained until 1952; this location was on the San Jose State College campus. The 1898 building was three stories, of brick and stone, cost $75,000; this high school campus was designed by Pasadena architect F. S. Allen in Mission Revival style and cost $175,000. In 1951, intending to expand the college, the State of California rescinded its permission for the high school to be located on the San Jose State campus, the school moved in 1952 to its present location at the corner of 24th and Julian Streets; the original $2,500,000 building, by Ernest J. Kump, was chosen that year by the Museum of Modern Art as one of 43 outstanding examples of modern architecture.
It has since been expanded, including a swimming pool in 1959, two new wings and a full theatrical stage in 1961, a new science building and a new career technology engineering building in the first decade of the 21st century. In 1985, the school was renamed San Jose Academy and San Jose High Academy as part of the federal magnet schools concept, but on March 25, 2010, it returned to its original name, San Jose High School. In the 21st century the school's enrollment increased to 1200, the largest population since the late 1980s; the principal is Gloria Marchant, a naturalized Canadian who became a U. S. citizen in a ceremony at the school in May 2018. The school has offered the International Baccalaureate program since 1985, since 1999 has offered the IB Middle Years Program along with its major feeder middle school, Burnett Middle School, it was recognized as a California Distinguished High School in 1990. In Newsweek magazine's 2005 ranking of United States high schools, San Jose High Academy was ranked 220th.
The following sports are offered at San Jose: The football teams of San Jose High School and Lincoln High School face off at San Jose City College each Thanksgiving in the Big Bone Game. This rivalry game has been held since 1943; the Junior Varsity football teams from both schools hold a Little Bone Game the Thursday prior to the Big Bone Game. Jack Z. Anderson, class of 1923, former U. S. congressman. Don Edwards, class of 1932, former FBI agent and U. S. congressman. Franklin Mieuli, class of 1940, former principal owner of the Golden State Warriors NBA team. Irene Dalis, class of 1942, founder of Opera San José. Jay DeFeo, class of 1946, abstract expressionist artist. Norman Mineta, class of 1949, former San Jose mayor, U. S. congressman and United States Secretary of Transportation. Mike Honda, class of 1959, former state assemblyman and U. S. congressman. Jacque Robinson, class of 1981, MVP of 1982 Rose Bowl and 1985 Orange Bowl. Cung Le, class of 1990, UFC actor. School website School district website
Impeachment is the process by which a legislative body levels charges against a government official. It does not mean removal from office. Once an individual is impeached, he or she must face the possibility of conviction by a legislative vote, which judgment entails removal from office; because impeachment and conviction of officials involve an overturning of the normal constitutional procedures by which individuals achieve high office and because it requires a supermajority, they are reserved for those deemed to have committed serious abuses of their office. In the United States, for example, impeachment at the federal level is limited to those who may have committed "Treason, Bribery, or other high crimes and misdemeanors". Impeachment exists under constitutional law in many countries around the world, including Brazil, the Republic of Ireland, the Philippines, South Korea and the United States; the word "impeachment" derives from Old French empeechier from Latin word impedicare expressing the idea of becoming caught or entrapped, has analogues in the modern French verb empêcher and the modern English impede.
Medieval popular etymology associated it with derivations from the Latin impetere. Impeachment was first used in the British political system; the process was first used by the English "Good Parliament" against Baron Latimer in the second half of the 14th century. Following the British example, the constitutions of Virginia and other states thereafter adopted the impeachment mechanism, but they restricted the punishment to removal of the official from office; as well, in private organizations, a motion to impeach can be used to prefer charges. The Austrian Federal President can be impeached by the Federal Assembly before the Constitutional Court; the constitution provides for the recall of the president by a referendum. Neither of these courses has been taken; this is because while the President is vested with considerable powers on paper, they act as a ceremonial figurehead in practice, are thus hardly in a position to abuse their powers. The President of the Federative Republic of Brazil, state governors and municipal mayors may be impeached by the Chamber of Deputies and tried and removed by the Federal Senate.
Upon conviction, the officeholder has his political rights revoked for eight years—which has the effect of barring him from running for any office. Fernando Collor de Mello, the 32nd President of Brazil, resigned in 1992 amidst impeachment proceedings. Despite his resignation, the Senate nonetheless voted to convict him and bar him from holding any office for eight years, due to evidence of bribery and misappropriation. In 2016, the Chamber of Deputies initiated an impeachment case against President Dilma Rousseff on allegations of budgetary mismanagement. Following her conviction, she was replaced by Vice President Michel Temer, who had served as acting president while Rousseff's case was pending; the President of Bulgaria can be removed only for violation of the constitution. The process is started by a two-thirds majority vote of the Parliament to impeach the President, whereupon the Constitutional Court decides whether the President is guilty of the crime of which he is charged. If he is found guilty, he is removed from power.
No Bulgarian President has been impeached. The same procedure can be used to remove the Vice President of Bulgaria, which has never happened; the process of impeaching the President of Croatia can be initiated by a two-thirds majority vote in favor in the Sabor and is thereafter referred to the Constitutional Court, which must accept such a proposal with a two-thirds majority vote in favor in order for the president to be removed from office. This has, never occurred in the history of the Republic of Croatia. However, in case of a successful impeachment motion a president's constitutional term of five years would be terminated and an election called within 60 days of the vacancy occurring. During the period of vacancy the presidential powers and duties would be carried out by the Speaker of the Croatian Parliament in his/her capacity as Acting President of the Republic. Prior to 2013 the President of the Czech Republic could be impeached only for an act of high treason; the process has to start in the Senate of the Czech Republic which only has the right to impeach the president, this passes the case to the Constitutional Court of the Czech Republic which has to decide whether the President is guilty or not.
If the Court decides that the President is guilty the President loses his office and the ability to be elected President of the Czech Republic again. No Czech president has been impeached, members of the Senate sought to impeach President Vaclav Klaus in 2013; this case was dismissed by the court reasoning. In 2013 the constitution changed; the President can be impeached not only for high treason but for a serious infringement of the Constitution. The President of France can be impeached by the French Parliament for willfully violating the Constitution or the national laws; the process of impeachment is written in the 68th article of the French Constitution. A group
104th United States Congress
The One Hundred Fourth United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, composed of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, D. C. from January 3, 1995, to January 3, 1997, during the third and fourth years of Bill Clinton's presidency. Apportionment of seats in the House of Representatives was based on the 1990 United States census. Both chambers had Republican majorities for the first time since the 1950s. Major events included passage of elements of the Contract with America and a budget impasse between Congress and the Clinton Administration that resulted in the Federal government shutdown of 1995 and 1996. January 3, 1995: Republicans gained control of both houses for the first time since 1954. January 31, 1995: President Clinton invoked emergency powers to extend a $20 billion loan to help Mexico avert financial collapse. April 19, 1995: Oklahoma City bombing August 30, 1995: NATO began Operation Deliberate Force against Serbs in Bosnia and Herzegovina November 14–19, 1995: U.
S. government shutdown December 16, 1995 – January 6, 1996: U. S. government shutdown November 5, 1996: Re-election of President Bill Clinton. April 10, 1995: Mexican Debt Disclosure Act of 1995, Pub. L. 104–6, 109 Stat. 73 November 28, 1995: National Highway System Designation Act of 1995, Pub. L. 104–59, 109 Stat. 568 December 19, 1995: Lobbying Disclosure Act, Pub. L. 104–65, 109 Stat. 691, 2 U. S. C. ch. 26 December 22, 1995: Private Securities Litigation Reform Act, Pub. L. 104–67, 109 Stat. 737 February 8, 1996: Telecommunications Act of 1996, Pub. L. 104–104, 110 Stat. 56, 47 U. S. C. § 609 March 12, 1996: Cuban Liberty and Democratic Solidarity Act of 1996, Pub. L. 104–114, 110 Stat. 785, 22 U. S. C. §§ 6021–6091 April 9, 1996: Line Item Veto Act, Pub. L. 104–130, 110 Stat. 1200 April 24, 1996: Antiterrorism and Effective Death Penalty Act, Pub. L. 104–132, 110 Stat. 1214 July 30, 1996: Taxpayer Bill of Rights 2, Pub. L. 104–168, 110 Stat. 1452 August 3, 1996: National Gambling Impact Study Commission Act, Pub.
L. 104–169, 110 Stat. 1482 August 3, 1996: Food Quality Protection Act of 1996, Pub. L. 104–170, 110 Stat. 1489, 7 U. S. C. § 136 August 20, 1996: Small Business Job Protection Act of 1996, Pub. L. 104–188, 110 Stat. 1755 August 21, 1996: Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act, Pub. L. 104–191, 110 Stat. 1936 August 22, 1996: Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Act, Pub. L. 104–193, 110 Stat. 2105 September 21, 1996: Defense of Marriage Act, Pub. L. 104–199, 110 Stat. 2419 September 30, 1996: Domestic Violence Offender Gun Ban, Pub. L. 104–208, 110 Stat. 3001 October 1, 1996: Emerson Good Samaritan Food Donation Act, Pub. L. 104–210, 110 Stat. 3011 October 12, 1996: Water Resources Development Act of 1996, Pub. L. 104–303, 110 Stat. 3658 President: Al Gore President pro tempore: Strom Thurmond Majority Leader: Bob Dole, until June 11, 1996 Trent Lott, starting June 12, 1996 Majority Whip: Trent Lott, until June 11, 1996 Don Nickles, starting June 12, 1996 Republican Conference Chairman: Thad Cochran Republican Conference Secretary: Connie Mack III Republican Campaign Committee Chair: Al D'Amato Republican Policy Committee Chairman: Don Nickles, until June 12, 1996 Larry Craig, starting June 12, 1996 Minority Leader: Tom Daschle Minority Whip: Wendell Ford Policy Committee Co-Chairs: Tom Daschle and Harry Reid Democratic Conference Secretary: Barbara Mikulski Campaign Committee Chairman: Bob Kerrey Chief Deputy Whip: John Breaux Speaker: Newt Gingrich Majority Leader: Dick Armey Majority Whip: Tom DeLay Chief Deputy Whip: Dennis Hastert Conference Chair: John Boehner Conference Vice-Chair: Susan Molinari Conference Secretary: Barbara Vucanovich Policy Committee Chairman: Christopher Cox Campaign Committee Chairman: Bill Paxon Minority Leader: Dick Gephardt Minority Whip: David Bonior Chief Deputy Minority Whips: Rosa DeLauro, John Lewis, & Bill Richardson Caucus Chairman: Victor H. Fazio Caucus Vice-Chairman: Barbara B.
Kennelly Democratic Campaign Committee Chairman: Martin Frost Armenian Caucus Biomedical Research Caucus Blue Dog Coalition Congressional Arts Caucus Congressional Asian Pacific American Caucus Congressional Automotive Caucus Congressional Bike Caucus Congressional Black Caucus Congressional Caucus on India and Indian Americans Congressional Caucus on Korea Congressional Fire Services Caucus Congressional Friends of Ireland Caucus Congressional Hispanic Caucus Congressional Motorsports Caucus Congressional Pediatric & Adult Hydrocephalus Caucus Congressional Progressive Caucus Congressional Portuguese-American Caucus Congressional Travel & Tourism Caucus Congressional Western Caucus Congresswomen's Caucus Hong Kong Caucus House Democratic Caucus Law Enforcement Caucus Northern Border Caucus Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Caucus Senate Democratic Caucus Skip to House of Representatives, below In this Congress, Class 2 meant their term ended with this Congress, requiring re-election in 1996.
The names of members of the House of Representatives are preceded by their district numbers. Lists of committees and their party leaders, for members of the committees and their assignments, go into the Official Congressional Directory at the bottom of the article and click on the link, in the directory after the pages of terms of service, you will see the committees of the Senate and Joint and after the committee pages, you will see the House/Senate comm
San Jose, California
San Jose the City of San José, is an economic and political center of Silicon Valley, the largest city in Northern California. With an estimated 2017 population of 1,035,317, it is the third-most populous city in California and the tenth-most populous in United States. Located in the center of the Santa Clara Valley, on the southern shore of San Francisco Bay, San Jose covers an area of 179.97 square miles. San Jose is the county seat of Santa Clara County, the most affluent county in California and one of the most affluent counties in the United States. San Jose is the most populous city in both the San Francisco Bay Area and the San Jose-San Francisco-Oakland Combined Statistical Area, which contain 7.7 million and 8.7 million people respectively. San Jose is a global city, notable as a center of innovation, for its affluence, Mediterranean climate, high cost of living. San Jose's location within the booming high tech industry, as a cultural and economic center has earned the city the nickname "Capital of Silicon Valley".
San Jose is one of the wealthiest major cities in the United States and the world, has the third highest GDP per capita in the world, according to the Brookings Institution. The San Jose Metropolitan Area has the most millionaires and the most billionaires in the United States per capita. With a median home price of $1,085,000, San Jose has the most expensive housing market in the country and the fifth most expensive housing market in the world, according to the 2017 Demographia International Housing Affordability Survey. Major global tech companies including Cisco Systems, eBay, Adobe Systems, PayPal, Samsung, Hewlett Packard Enterprise, Western Digital maintain their headquarters in San Jose, in the center of Silicon Valley. Before the arrival of the Spanish, the area around San Jose was inhabited by the Tamien nation of the Ohlone peoples of California. San Jose was founded on November 29, 1777, as the Pueblo de San José de Guadalupe, the first city founded in the Californias, it became a part of Mexico in 1821 after the Mexican War of Independence.
Following the American Conquest of California during the Mexican–American War, the territory was ceded to the United States in 1848. After California achieved statehood two years San Jose became the state's first capital. Following World War II, San Jose experienced an economic boom, with a rapid population growth and aggressive annexation of nearby cities and communities carried out in the 1950s and 1960s; the rapid growth of the high-technology and electronics industries further accelerated the transition from an agricultural center to an urbanized metropolitan area. Results of the 1990 U. S. Census indicated that San Jose had surpassed San Francisco as the most populous city in Northern California. By the 1990s, San Jose and the rest of Silicon Valley had become the global center for the high tech and internet industries, making it California's fastest-growing economy; the Santa Clara Valley has been home to the Tamyen group of the Ohlone people since around 4,000 BCE. The Tamyen spoke Tamyen language of the Ohlone language family.
With the Spanish colonization of California, the majority of the Tamyen came to inhabit Mission Santa Clara de Asís and Mission San José. California was claimed as part of the Spanish Empire in 1542, when explorer Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo charted the Californian coast. During this time and Baja California were administered together as Province of the California. For nearly 200 years, the Californias were sparsely populated and ignored by the government of the Viceroyalty of New Spain in Mexico City. Only in 1769 was Northern California surveyed by Spanish authorities, with the Portolá Expedition. In 1776, the Californias were included as part of the Captaincy General of the Provincias Internas, a large administrative division created by José de Gálvez, Spanish Minister of the Indies, in order to provide greater autonomy for the Spanish Empire's populated and ungoverned borderlands; that year, King Carlos III of Spain approved an expedition by Juan Bautista de Anza to survey the San Francisco Bay Area, in order to choose the sites for two future settlements and their accompanying mission.
First he chose the site for a military settlement in San Francisco, for the Royal Presidio of San Francisco, Mission San Francisco de Asís. On his way back to Mexico from San Francisco, de Anza chose the sites in Santa Clara Valley for a civilian settlement, San Jose, on the eastern bank of the Guadalupe River, a mission on its western bank, Mission Santa Clara de Asís. San Jose was founded as California's first civilian settlement on November 29, 1777, as the Pueblo de San José de Guadalupe by José Joaquín Moraga, under orders of Antonio María de Bucareli y Ursúa, Viceroy of New Spain. San Jose served as a strategic settlement along El Camino Real, connecting the military fortifications at the Monterey Presidio and the San Francisco Presidio, as well as the California mission network. In 1791, due to the severe flooding which characterized the pueblo, San Jose's settlement was moved a mile south, centered on the Pueblo Plaza. In 1800, due to the growing population in the northern part of the Californias, Diego de Borica, Governor of the Californias split the province into two parts: Alta California, which would become a U.
S. state, Baja California, which would become two Mexican states. San Jose became part of the First M
California's 16th congressional district
California's 16th congressional district is a congressional district in the U. S. state of California, located in the central San Joaquin Valley. The district is represented by Democrat Jim Costa. CurrentThe district includes areas of Fresno County, Madera County, Merced County, it represents the cities of Los Banos and Merced, the western half of Fresno. FormerFrom 2003 to 2013, the 16th district covered part of Santa Clara County, included much of central San Jose; as of April 2015, there are four former members of the U. S. House of Representatives from California's 16th congressional district that are living; the most recent representative to die was Burt Talcott on July 29, 2016. List of United States congressional districts GovTrack.us: California's 16th congressional district RAND California Election Returns: District Definitions California Voter Foundation map - CD16
House Un-American Activities Committee
The House Un-American Activities Committee was an investigative committee of the United States House of Representatives. The HUAC was created in 1938 to investigate alleged disloyalty and subversive activities on the part of private citizens, public employees, those organizations suspected of having Fascist or Communist ties. In 1969, the House changed the committee's name to "House Committee on Internal Security"; when the House abolished the committee in 1975, its functions were transferred to the House Judiciary Committee. The committee's anti-communist investigations are compared with those of Joseph McCarthy who, as a U. S. Senator, had no direct involvement with this House committee. McCarthy was the chairman of the Government Operations Committee and its Permanent Subcommittee on Investigations of the U. S. Senate, not the House; the Overman Committee was a subcommittee of the Committee on the Judiciary chaired by North Carolina Democratic Senator Lee Slater Overman that operated from September 1918 to June 1919.
The subcommittee investigated German as well as Bolshevik elements in the United States. This committee was concerned with investigating pro-German sentiments in the American liquor industry. After World War I ended in November 1918, the German threat lessened, the committee began investigating Bolshevism, which had appeared as a threat during the First Red Scare after the Russian Revolution in 1917; the committee's hearing into Bolshevik propaganda, conducted February 11 to March 10, 1919, had a decisive role in constructing an image of a radical threat to the United States during the first Red Scare. Congressman Hamilton Fish III, a fervent anti-communist, introduced, on May 5, 1930, House Resolution 180, which proposed to establish a committee to investigate communist activities in the United States; the resulting committee known as the Fish Committee, undertook extensive investigations of people and organizations suspected of being involved with or supporting communist activities in the United States.
Among the committee's targets were the American Civil Liberties Union and communist presidential candidate William Z. Foster; the committee recommended granting the United States Department of Justice more authority to investigate communists, strengthening of immigration and deportation laws to keep communists out of the United States. From 1934 to 1937, the Special Committee on Un-American Activities Authorized to Investigate Nazi Propaganda and Certain Other Propaganda Activities, chaired by John William McCormack and Samuel Dickstein, held public and private hearings and collected testimony filling 4,300 pages; the committee was known as the McCormack–Dickstein committee. Its mandate was to get "information on how foreign subversive propaganda entered the U. S. and the organizations that were spreading it", it was replaced with a similar committee that focused on pursuing communists. Its records are held by the National Archives and Records Administration as records related to HUAC; the committee investigated allegations of a fascist plot to seize the White House, known as the "business plot".
Although the plot was reported as a hoax, the committee confirmed some details of the accusations. It has been reported that while Dickstein served on this committee and the subsequent Special investigation Committee, he was paid $1,250 a month by the Soviet NKVD, which hoped to get secret congressional information on anti-communists and pro-fascists, it is unclear whether he passed on any information. On May 26, 1938, the House Committee on Un-American Activities was established as a special investigating committee, reorganized from its previous incarnations as the Fish Committee and the McCormack-Dickstein Committee, to investigate alleged disloyalty and subversive activities on the part of private citizens, public employees, those organizations suspected of having communist or fascist ties, it was therefore known as the Dies Committee. Its records are held by the National Archives and Records Administration as records related to HUAC. In 1938, Hallie Flanagan, the head of the Federal Theatre Project, was subpoenaed to appear before the committee to answer the charge the project was overrun with communists.
Flanagan was called to testify for only a part of one day, while a clerk from the project was called in for two entire days. It was during this investigation that one of the committee members, Joe Starnes, famously asked Flanagan whether the Elizabethan era playwright Christopher Marlowe was a member of the Communist Party, mused "Mr. Euripides" preached class warfare. In 1939, the committee investigated leaders of the American Youth Congress, a Communist International affiliate organization; the committee put together an argument for the internment of Japanese Americans known as the "Yellow Report". Organized in response to rumors of Japanese Americans being coddled by the War Relocation Authority and news that some former inmates would be allowed to leave camp and Nisei soldiers to return to the West Coast, the committee investigated charges of fifth column activity in the camps. A number of anti-WRA arguments were presented in subsequent hearings, but Director Dillon Myer debunked the more inflammatory claims.
The investigation was presented to the 77th Congress, alleged that certain cultural traits – Japanese loyalty to the Emperor, the number of Japanese fishermen in the US, the Buddhist faith – were evidence for Japanese espionage. With the exception of Rep. Herman Eberharter, the members of the committee seemed to support internment, its recommendations to expedite the impending se
Leon Edward Panetta is an American politician who has served in several different public office positions, including the Secretary of Defense, Director of the CIA, White House Chief of Staff, Director of the Office of Management and Budget, as a U. S. Representative from California. A Democrat, Panetta was a member of the United States House of Representatives from 1977 to 1993, served as Director of the Office of Management and Budget from 1993 to 1994, as President Bill Clinton's Chief of Staff from 1994 to 1997, he co-founded the Panetta Institute for Public Policy and served as a Distinguished Scholar to Chancellor Charles B. Reed of the California State University System and as a professor of public policy at Santa Clara University. In January 2009, newly elected President Barack Obama nominated Panetta for the post of CIA Director. Panetta was confirmed by the full Senate in February 2009; as director of the CIA, Panetta oversaw the operation that brought down international terrorist Osama bin Laden.
On April 28, 2011, Obama announced the nomination of Panetta as Defense Secretary, to replace the retiring Robert Gates. In June the Senate confirmed Panetta unanimously and he assumed the office on July 1, 2011. David Petraeus took over as Director of the Central Intelligence Agency on September 6, 2011. Since retiring as Secretary of Defense in 2013, Panetta has served as Chairman of The Panetta Institute for Public Policy, located at California State University, Monterey Bay, a campus of the California State University that he helped establish during his tenure as congressman; the Institute is dedicated to motivating and preparing people for lives of public service and helping them to become more knowledgeably engaged in the democratic process. He serves on a number of boards and commissions and writes and lectures on public policy issues. Panetta was born in Monterey, the son of Carmelina Maria and Carmelo Frank Panetta, Italian immigrants from Siderno in Calabria, Italy. In the 1940s, the Panetta family owned a restaurant in Monterey.
He was raised in the Monterey area, attended two Catholic grammar schools: San Carlos School and Junípero Serra School. He attended Monterey High School, a public school where he became involved in student politics, was a member of the Junior Statesmen of America; as a junior, he was the vice president of the Student Body, as a senior, he became its president. In 1956, he entered Santa Clara University and graduated magna cum laude in 1960 with a Bachelor of Arts in Political Science. In 1963, he received a Juris Doctor from the Santa Clara University School of Law. In 1964, he joined the United States Army as a Second Lieutenant, where he served as an officer in Army Military Intelligence, received the Army Commendation Medal. In 1966, he was discharged as a First Lieutenant. Panetta started in politics in 1966 as a legislative assistant to Republican Senator Thomas Kuchel, the United States Senate Minority Whip from California, whom Panetta has called "a tremendous role model". In 1969 he became the assistant to Robert H. Finch, Secretary of the United States Department of Health and Welfare under the Nixon administration.
Soon thereafter he was appointed Director of the Office for Civil Rights. Panetta chose to enforce civil rights and equal education laws over the objection of President Nixon, who wanted enforcement to move in keeping with his strategy to gain political support among Southern whites. Robert Finch and Assistant Secretary John Veneman supported Panetta and refused to fire him, threatening to resign if forced to do so. Forced out of office in 1970, Panetta left Washington to work as Executive Assistant for John Lindsay, the then-Republican Mayor of New York City Panetta wrote about his Nixon administration experience in his 1971 book Bring Us Together, he moved back to Monterey to practice law at Panetta, Thompson & Panetta from 1971 to 1976. Like Lindsay, Panetta switched to the Democratic Party in 1971, because he thought that the Republican Party was moving away from the political center. In 1976, Panetta was elected to the U. S. Congress to represent California's then-16th congressional district, unseating incumbent Republican Burt Talcott with 53% of the vote, was reelected eight times.
During his time in Congress, Panetta concentrated on budget issues, civil rights, healthcare, agriculture and environmental protection preventing oil drilling off the California coast. He wrote the Hunger Prevention Act of the Fair Employment Practices Resolution, he was the author of legislation establishing the Monterey Bay National Marine Sanctuary, legislation providing Medicare coverage for hospice care. Working with Chancellor Barry Munoz of CSU, he helped establish CSU Monterey Bay at the former Fort Ord military base, he attempted to form the Big Sur National Scenic Area with Senator Alan Cranston. The bill would have created a 700,000 acres scenic area administered by the U. S. Forest Service, it budgeted $100 million to buy land from private land owners, up to $30 million for easements and management programs, created a state plan for a zone about 75 miles long and 5 miles wide along the Big Sur coast. The bill was opposed by California Senator S. I. Hayakawa, development in