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Don Murray (actor)

Donald Patrick Murray is an American actor. Murray is best known for his breakout performance in the film Bus Stop with Marilyn Monroe, which earned him a nomination for Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor. Murray's other theatrical films include A Hatful of Rain, Shake Hands with the Devil with James Cagney, One Foot in Hell with Alan Ladd, The Hoodlum Priest, Advise & Consent with Henry Fonda and Charles Laughton, Baby the Rain Must Fall with Steve McQueen, Conquest of the Planet of the Apes, Deadly Hero and Francis Ford Coppola's Peggy Sue Got Married, he starred in television series such as Knots Landing and Twin Peaks. Murray was born in 1929 the only child of Dennis Aloisius Murray, a Broadway dance director and stage manager, Ethel Murray, a former Ziegfeld performer. Murray attended East Rockaway High School in East Rockaway, New York where he played football and was on the track team, he was a member of the student government, glee club, joined the Alpha Phi Chapter of the Omega Gamma Delta Fraternity.

Upon graduation from high school, he went on to study at the American Academy of Dramatic Arts. After graduating, he soon made his Broadway debut as Jack Hunter; because he was a member of the Brethren Church, Murray registered as a conscientious objector during the Korean War when many young American men were being drafted into the armed forces. Murray was assigned to alternative service in Europe. In 1954, he returned from Europe to America and to acting, when he starred alongside Mary Martin in the stage version of The Skin of Our Teeth. Upon seeing his performance in the play, director Joshua Logan decided to cast him in 20th Century Fox's film version of Bus Stop. Don Murray's role as Beauregard "Beau" Decker in Bus Stop marked his film debut, he starred alongside Marilyn Monroe, who played the object of his desire. His performance as the innocent cowboy, determined to get Cherie was well received, he was nominated for a BAFTA for Most Promising Newcomer and for the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor.

In 1957, he starred as reserved, married bookkeeper Charlie Sampson in The Bachelor Party. The same year he starred in one of his most successful roles, that of Johnny Pope in the drama A Hatful of Rain. Despite director Fred Zinnemann's intention to typecast the actor as the comical brother Polo, Murray insisted on playing the lead, thus he portrayed a morphine addicted Korean War veteran. The film was one of the first to show the effects of drug abuse on the addicted and those around him, he starred as a blackmailed United States senator in Advise & Consent, a film version of a Pulitzer Prize-winning novel by Allen Drury. The movie cast Murray opposite Henry Fonda and Charles Laughton, he co-starred with Steve McQueen in the film Baby the Rain Must Fall and played the ape-hating Governor Breck in Conquest of the Planet of the Apes. In 1976, Murray starred in the film Deadly Hero. In addition to acting, Murray directed a film based on the book The Cross and the Switchblade starring Pat Boone and Erik Estrada.

Murray starred with Otis Young in the ground breaking ABC western television series The Outcasts featuring an interracial bounty hunter team in the post-American Civil War West. In 1979, he starred as Sid Fairgate on the long-running prime-time soap opera Knots Landing, he scripted two episodes of the program in 1980. In 1981 Murray decided to leave the series after two seasons to concentrate on other projects, although some sources say he left over a salary dispute; the character's death was notable at the time, because it was considered rare to kill off a star character. The death came in the second episode of season three, following season two's cliffhanger in which Sid's car careened off a cliff. To make viewers doubt that the character had died, Murray was listed in the credit sequence for season three. Although he distanced himself from the series after that, Murray contributed an interview segment for Knots Landing: Together Again, a reunion special made in 2005. In July 2014, a retrospective of Murray's films was held at the Roxie Theater in San Francisco.

In 1956, Murray married Hope Lange. They had two children and Patricia, they divorced in 1961. In 1962, he married Elizabeth Johnson and had three children, Coleen and Michael. List of earliest surviving Academy Award nominees Don Murray on IMDb Don Murray at the Internet Broadway Database


Acrodysostosis is a rare congenital malformation syndrome which involves shortening of the interphalangeal joints of the hands and feet, intellectual disability in 90% of affected children, peculiar facies. Other common abnormalities include short head, small broad upturned nose with flat nasal bridge, protruding jaw, increased bone age, intrauterine growth retardation, juvenile arthritis and short stature. Further abnormalities of the skin, genitals and skeleton may occur. Most reported cases have been sporadic, but it has been suggested that the condition might be genetically related i.e. in an autosomal dominant mode of transmission. Both males and females are affected; the disorder has been associated with the older age of parents at the time of conception. A PRKAR1A mutation has been identified in acrodysostosis with hormone resistance; this disorder is present at birth, however, it may not be understood until several years after birth. Acrodysostosis affects males and females in similar numbers.

It is difficult to determine the frequency of acrodysostosis in the population as many cases of this disorder cannot be diagnosed properly. "Acrodysostosis: Disease Information from NORD". National Organization for Rare Disorders. Acrodysostosis at NIH's Office of Rare Diseases

Edge City

Edge City is an American syndicated comic strip created by the husband-and-wife team of Terry and Patty LaBan. The couple teams to write the strips with Terry handling the art. Distributed by King Features Syndicate, the strip debuted in 2000 and ended on January 2, 2016; the main characters in Edge City are the members of the Ardin family. The Ardins are Jewish, the strip features the characters celebrating Passover and Hanukkah at those times of year. Len Ardin is the co-owner of a courier service, Abby is a therapist, their children and Carly, are both elementary school students. Edge City looks at modern family life. Dwelling in the far reaches of suburbia and Abby lead a life different from the one they lived growing up. Between managing their careers and taking care of their kids, they have time to wave to each other as they hurry off to yet another meeting, carpool or errand, and while their neighborhood is diverse, it seems like everyone, no matter where they're from, lives pretty much the same way.

Terry LaBan offered this description of the strip: Edge City is a daily comic strip internationally syndicated by King Features, that satirizes modern family life through the eyes of a post-Baby Boomer, Jewish-American family. It concentrates on the relationship between Abby, a therapist in private practice, Len, an aging urban hipster who co-owns a delivery service and plays in a weekend rock band, as they juggle the pressures of running their careers and dealing with their two kids, Colin and Carly, eight. There are a number of peripheral characters, like Rajiv, Len's Indian-American partner, Abby's parents; the strip takes the form of simple stories that last about two weeks and explore some kind of issue or incident, like Abby having insomnia or Len joining a Led Zeppelin cover band. The strip has been compiled in Edge City: A Comic Strip Collection. Abie the Agent Dueben, Alex. "Terry LaBan's Life on the'Edge'". Comic Book Resources. Retrieved 2008-10-20

Prince Igor

Prince Igor is an opera in four acts with a prologue and composed by Alexander Borodin. The composer adapted the libretto from the Ancient Russian epic The Lay of Igor's Host, which recounts the campaign of Rus' prince Igor Svyatoslavich against the invading Cuman tribes in 1185, he incorporated material drawn from two medieval Kievan chronicles. The opera was left unfinished upon the composer's death in 1887 and was edited and completed by Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov and Alexander Glazunov, it was first performed in St. Petersburg, Russia, in 1890. After considering Lev Mei's The Tsar's Bride as a subject, Borodin began looking for a new project for his first opera. Vladimir Stasov and advisor to The Mighty Handful, suggested The Lay of Igor's Host, a 12th century epic prose poem, sent Borodin a scenario for a three-act opera on 30 April 1869. Borodin found the proposition intriguing, but daunting: Your outline is so complete that everything seems clear to me and suits me perfectly, but will I manage to carry out my own task to the end?

Bah! As they say here,'He, afraid of the wolf doesn't go into the woods!' So I shall give it a try... After collecting material from literary sources, Borodin began composition in September 1869 with initial versions of Yaroslavna's arioso and Konchakovna's cavatina, sketched the Polovtsian Dances and March of the Polovtsy, he soon ceased composing. He expressed his misgivings in a letter to his wife: "There is too little drama here, no movement... To me, opera without drama, in the strict sense, is unnatural." This began a period of about four years in which he proceeded no further on Prince Igor, but began diverting materials for the opera into his other works, the Symphony No. 2 in B minor and the collaborative opera-ballet Mlada. The Mlada project was soon aborted, Borodin, like the other members of The Mighty Handful who were involved – César Cui, Modest Mussorgsky, Rimsky-Korsakov – thought about ways to recycle the music he contributed. Of the eight numbers he had composed for Act 4 of Mlada, those that found their way into Prince Igor included No.

1, No. 2, No. 3, No. 4, No. 8. Borodin returned to Prince Igor in 1874, inspired by the success of his colleagues Rimsky-Korsakov and Mussorgsky in the staging of their historical operas, The Maid of Pskov and Boris Godunov; this period marks the creation of two new characters, the deserters Skula and Yeroshka, who have much in common with the rogue monks Varlaam and Misail in Boris Godunov. In his memoirs, Rimsky-Korsakov mentions an 1876 concert at which Borodin's "closing chorus" was performed, the first public performance of any music from Prince Igor identified by him:... Borodin's closing chorus... which, in the epilogue of the opera extolled Igor's exploits, was shifted by the author himself to the prologue of the opera, of which it now forms a part. At present this chorus extolls Igor; the episodes of the solar eclipse, of the parting from Yaroslavna, etc. divide it into halves which fringe the entire prologue. In those days this whole middle part was non-existent, the chorus formed one unbroken number of rather considerable dimensions.

The idea of a choral epilogue in the original scenario was no doubt inspired by the example of A Life for the Tsar by Mikhail Glinka, to whose memory Prince Igor is dedicated. Borodin's primary occupation was chemistry, including teaching. However, he spent much time in support of women's causes, much to the consternation of his fellow composers, who felt he should devote his time and talent to music. In 1876, a frustrated Stasov gave up hope that Borodin would finish Prince Igor, offered his scenario to Rimsky-Korsakov. Rimsky-Korsakov instead assisted Borodin in orchestrating important numbers in preparation for concert performance, it was high time to copy out the parts. In despair I heaped reproaches on Borodin. He, was none too happy. At last, giving up all hope, I offered to help him with the orchestration. Thereupon he came to my house in the evening, bringing with him the hardly touched score of the Polovtsian Dances. To gain time, we wrote in pencil and not in ink, thus we sat at work until late at night.

The finished sheets of the score Borodin covered with liquid gelatine, to keep our pencil marks intact. Thus the number passed on to the copyist; the orchestration of the closing chorus I did single-handed..." Borodin worked on Prince Igor, off and on, for 18 years. Borodin died in 1887, leaving Prince Igor incomplete. Rimsky-Korsakov and Stasov went to Borodin's home, collected his scores, brought them to Rimsky-Korsakov's house. Glazunov and I together sorted all the manuscripts... In the first place there was the unfinished Prince Igor. Certain numbers of the opera, such as the first chorus, the dance of the Polovtsy, Yaroslavna's Lament, the recitative and song of Vladimir Galitsky, Konchak's aria, the arias of Konchakovna and Prince Vladimir Igorevich, as

Music and artificial intelligence

Research in artificial intelligence is known to have impacted medical diagnosis, stock trading, robot control, several other fields. Less popular is the contribution of AI in the field of music. Artificial intelligence and music has, for a long time, been a common subject in several conferences and workshops, including the International Computer Music Conference, the Computing Society Conference and the International Joint Conference on Artificial Intelligence. In fact, the first International Computer Music Conference was the ICMC 1974, Michigan State University, East Lansing, USA Current research includes the application of AI in music composition, performance and digital sound processing. Several music software programs have been developed. Like its applications in other fields, the A. I. in this case simulates mental task. A prominent feature is the capability of the A. I. algorithm to learn based on information obtained such as the computer accompaniment technology, capable of listening to and following a human performer so it can perform in synchrony.

Artificial intelligence drives the so-called interactive composition technology, wherein a computer composes music in response to the performance of a live musician. There are several other A. I. applications to music that covers not only music composition and performance but the way it is marketed and consumed. In 1960, Russian researcher R. Kh. Zaripov published worldwide first paper on algorithmic music composing using the "Ural-1" computer. In 1965, inventor Ray Kurzweil premiered a piano piece created by a computer, capable of pattern recognition in various compositions; the computer was able to analyze and use these patterns to create novel melodies. The computer was debuted on Steve Allen's I've Got a Secret program, stumped the hosts until film star Henry Morgan guessed Ray's secret. Multimedia Scenarios in interactive scores are represented by temporal objects, temporal relations and interactive objects. Examples of temporal objects are sounds and light controls. Temporal objects can be triggered by interactive objects and several temporal objects can be executed simultaneously.

A temporal object may contain other temporal objects: this hierarchy allows us to control the start or end of a temporal object by controlling the start or end of its parent. Hierarchy is ever-present in all kinds of music: Music pieces are hierarchized by movements, motives, among other segmentations; the Computer Music Project at CMU develops computer music and interactive performance technology to enhance human musical experience and creativity. This interdisciplinary effort draws on Music Theory, Cognitive Science, Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning, Human Computer Interaction, Real-Time Systems, Computer Graphics and Animation, Programming Languages, Signal Processing. Developed at Princeton University by Ge Wang and Perry Cook, ChucK is a text-based, cross-platform language that allows real-time synthesis, composition and analysis of music.. It is used by PLOrk. MorpheuS is a research project by Dorien Herremans and Elaine Chew at Queen Mary University of London, funded by a Marie Skłodowská-Curie EU project.

The system uses an optimization approach based on a variable neighborhood search algorithm to morph existing template pieces into novel pieces with a set level of tonal tension that changes dynamically throughout the piece. This optimization approach allows for the integration of a pattern detection technique in order to enforce long term structure and recurring themes in the generated music. Pieces composed by MorpheuS have been performed at concerts in both London. Created in February 2016, in Luxembourg, AIVA is program that produces soundtracks for any type of media; the algorithms behind AIVA are based on deep learning architectures AIVA has been used to compose a Rock track called On the Edge, as well as a pop tune Love Sick in collaboration with singer Taryn Southern, for the creation of her 2018 album "I am AI". Algorithmic composition Automatic content recognition Computational models of musical creativity List of music software Media synthesis Music information retrieval Understanding Music with AI: Perspectives on Music Cognition.

Edited by Mira Balaban, Kemal Ebcioglu, Otto Laske. AAAI Press. Proceedings of a Workshop held as part of AI-ED 93, World Conference on Artificial Intelligence in Education on Music Education: An Artificial Intelligence Approach The Music Informatics Research Group Institut de Recherche et Coordination Acoustique/ Musique Interdisciplinary Centre for Research in Music

Membership of the Royal Colleges of Surgeons of Great Britain and Ireland

Membership of the Royal Colleges of Surgeons of Great Britain and Ireland is a postgraduate diploma for surgeons in the UK and Ireland. Obtaining this qualification allows a doctor to become a member of one of the four surgical colleges in the UK and Ireland, namely the Royal College of Surgeons of Edinburgh, the Royal College of Surgeons of England, the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Glasgow and the Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland; the examinations are organised on an intercollegiate basis. Thus today's MRCS has replaced the former MRCS, MRCS, MRCS, MRCS; each college used to hold examinations independently, what the post-nominal MRCS used to indicate, for example, MRCS specifically. After decades of discussion of possible intercollegiate MRCS and FRCS, they were implemented in the 21st century, at first by unifying the syllabus of the separate qualifications of MRCS, MRCS, MRCS, MRCS. In January 2004, the four colleges switched over to a common examination, known as the Intercollegiate MRCS.

The MRCS qualification consists of a multi-part examination including both theory and practical assessments. Until 2018, Part A was a 5-hour written examination, used to assesses the applied basic sciences and principles of surgery in general using multiple-choice Single Best Answer only, it pass rate of around 30 per cent. Part B is a 4-hour practical examination which assesses elements of day-to-day surgical practice through a series of stations on anatomy, critical care, clinical procedures and patient evaluation, it has a pass rate of around 50 per cent. Current curricula have changed to introduce the completion of both exams as a mandatory requirement to complete core surgical training prior to application to higher surgical training in the UK. Trainees require multiple attempts at the examination in order to pass. In January 2017, the format of Part A changed, with an increase in the number of questions from 270 to 300 and an increase in time from 4 to 5 hours. A large and varied collection of commercial revision resources are available which can improve a candidate's chances of success.

These resources include courses, online question banks and mobile applications. Intercollegiate MRCS syllabus Intercollegiate MRCS Royal College of Surgeons of Edinburgh Royal College of Surgeons of England Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Glasgow Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland