The Donald Duck universe is a fictional shared universe, the setting of stories involving Disney cartoon character Donald Duck, as well as Daisy Duck, Huey and Louie, Scrooge McDuck, many other characters. The world is more detailed. Life in the Donald Duck universe centers on the city of Duckburg located in the fictional U. S. state of Calisota, analogous to Northern California. The world incorporates several other real and fictional locations, as well as historical figures and a fictional timeline, followed with varying degrees of consistency. Disney comics are the primary medium for Donald Duck stories. Contributors include Americans Carl Barks, Ted Osborne, Don Rosa, Tony Strobl, Al Taliaferro, William Van Horn, as well as Italians Giovan Battista Carpi, Marco Rota, Romano Scarpa. Other media includes short films in the Donald Duck series, children's books such as Little Big Books and Little Golden Books, television series such as DuckTales, Darkwing Duck, the Ducktales reboot, video games such as QuackShot, Goin' Quackers, DuckTales: Remastered.
"Donald Duck universe" is sometimes used by fans. Don Rosa has used the terms Barks Universe and Italian Duck Universe to describe different versions of the world's continuity; the terms "Barksian" or "Barksian facts" has been used to describe the canon of the Donald Duck universe, as many comic book creators and fans only consider the stories by Carl Barks as factual, since he is the creator of many of its major characters and ideas. Don Rosa is an example of this when creating his comic book series The Life and Times of Scrooge McDuck, with most of his stories being based on the works by Barks. Additionally, the stories by Al Taliaferro and Ted Osborne are considered canon by many fans, being that they are the creators of Huey and Louie and Grandma Duck, part of their work precedes Barks' work; the core Duckverse family dates back to the golden age of American animation introduced in Disney shorts, weekly newspaper comics, or comic books of the period as supporting characters for Donald Duck, who premiered in 1934 in The Wise Little Hen.
Donald's nephews, Huey and Louie, first appeared in 1937 in Silly Symphony. Daisy Duck, Donald's on-again-off-again girlfriend premiered in 1940 in Mr. Duck Steps Out. Grandma Duck appeared in 1940 as well in Donald's own comic strip. Scrooge McDuck, the family's elderly uncle and "richest duck in the world", was created in 1947 by Carl Barks for the comic book Christmas on Bear Mountain. Scrooge McDuck appeared in the 1960 Disneyland Records LP, Donald Duck and His Friends, in a plot that involved Donald and the Beagle Boys. With the exception of Scrooge's brief cameo in The Mickey Mouse Club opening theme, this marked the first appearance of a Barks-created character in a medium other than the comics and story books. In 1963, the Beagle Boys played a role in Chipmunk Fun, an LP that mentioned Scrooge. Most of the characters have appeared in the 1980s Disney cartoon series DuckTales. Disney's Darkwing Duck series is nominally set in the separate DuckTales universe, in a metropolis called St. Canard, although aside from sharing the denizen Launchpad McQuack, a few crossover episodes involving Gizmoduck, there is no interaction.
Much of the DuckTales and all of the Darkwing Duck material do not appear in Barks' comics, as the two TV series was created decades after Barks's active years as a comic artist. A few characters would be the main characters in the show Quack Pack. However, in the magazine Disney Adventures, there was a five-part crossover/storyline titled "Legend of the Chaos God" which began with TaleSpin, continued with Chip'n Dale Rescue Rangers, Goof Troop, DuckTales concluded with Darkwing Duck. Duckburg was the setting of the 1987 animated series DuckTales; the cartoon's version of Duckburg was based loosely on the comics' version. Duckburg appeared in the 1990s animated series Quack Pack. In Quack Pack, Duckburg was populated entirely by human beings, with Donald and Donald's nephews as the only anthropomorphized animals that appeared. Moreover, the Money Bin is nowhere to be seen. Duckburg was the setting for one of the three initial levels of the video game Quackshot and for the second level of the video game Donald Duck: Goin' Quackers.
Duckburg was used for the setting of Mickey's Birthday land at Walt Disney World's Magic Kingdom from 1988 to 1996. It included Grandma Duck's Farm and a statue of Cornelius Coot, though it was more of a rural town than a burgeoning metropolis; the connection to Duckburg was removed as the land was renovated in 1996 to become Mickey's Toontown Fair. However, the Cornelius Coot statue remains. Duckburg is the fictional city, located in the fictional U. S. state of Calisota, that serves as the home of Donald Duck. Duckburg was first mentioned in Walt Disney's Comics and Stories #49 in 1944, was created by Carl Barks; the city is populated by various anthropomorphized animals, with dogs, different birds and pigs as the most dominant ones. The mayor of the city is depicted as a pig, whose name most of the time goes unmentioned and is referred instead by readers as the Pig Mayor. However, in some stories the office of mayor is held by various dog characters; the size and structure of Duckburg varied in the works by Barks: it was adjusted to better fit the story he wanted to tell.
Mount Gambier is the second most populated city in South Australia with an estimated urban population of 29,639. The city is located on the slopes of Mount Gambier in the south east of the state, about 450 kilometres south-east of the capital Adelaide and just 17 kilometres from the Victorian border, it is the most important settlement in the Limestone Coast region and the seat of government for both the City of Mount Gambier and the District Council of Grant; the city is well known for its geographical features its volcanic and limestone features, most notably its Blue Lake and gardens, caves and sinkholes. The peak of the dormant volcano was the first place in South Australia named by European explorers, it was sighted in 1800 by Lieutenant James Grant from the survey brig, HMS Lady Nelson, named for Lord James Gambier, Admiral of the Fleet. The peak is marked by Centenary Tower, built in 1901 to commemorate the first sighting, at 192 m above sea level the landmark is the city's highest point.
Before European settlement, the Buandig people were the original Aboriginal inhabitants of the area. They referred to the peak of the volcanic mountain as'ereng balam' or'egree belum', meaning'home of the eagle hawk', but the mountain itself was called'berrin'. The sinkhole in the township was referred to as thu-ghee The peak of the dormant Mount Gambier crater was sighted in 1800 by Lieutenant James Grant from the survey brig, HMS Lady Nelson, named for Lord James Gambier, Admiral of the Fleet; the Henty brothers who owned large holdings in Portland, Western Victoria, laid claim to the land but were forced to retreat when the lands were granted to Evelyn Sturt, the brother of the explorer Charles Sturt. Industries soon began to appear; the Post Office opened on 22 September 1846, John Byng built the Mount Gambier Hotel in 1847, Dr Edward Wehl arrived in 1849 to begin a flour-milling operation. Hastings Cunningham founded "Gambierton" in 1854 by subdividing a block of 77 acres. From 1861 to 1878 the Post Office was known by this name before reverting to Mount Gambier.
Local government appeared in 1863 when Dr Wehl, who now owned a substantial millhouse on Commercial Road, was elected chairman of the District Council of Mount Gambier. In December 1864 this became the District Council of Mount Gambier West and, at the same time, a separate District Council of Mount Gambier East was formed. Incorporation in 1876 saw a further division, with the creation of the Town Council and Mr John Watson elected Mayor. Mount Gambier was governed in this fashion until 1932, when the District Council of East and West merged to form a single District Council of Mount Gambier once more. On 9 December 1954, Mount Gambier was declared a city, is now an important tourism centre in south-east South Australia. Mount Gambier's urban area is located along the northern slopes and plain of a maar volcano of the same name, Mount Gambier. Comprising several craters, it is part of the Newer Volcanics Province complex of volcanoes. One of these contains a huge lake of high-quality artesian drinking water which changes colour with the seasons.
In winter, it is a steel grey and changes to a spectacular cobalt blue in the summer, giving rise to its name, Blue Lake. This 70-metre deep lake accommodates a range of unusual aquatic flora and fauna, in particular fields of large stromatolites. There are several other craters in the city including the Leg of Mutton Lake; the region surrounding the city includes other volcanic features such as Mount Schank, along with many karst features such as water-filled caves and sinkholes. The urban area extends outside of the City of Mount Gambier into the District Council of Grant where the following suburbs now exist: Suttontown, Mil Lel and Worrolong to the north of the city and Yahl to the east, Compton to the west, Moorak and OB Flat to the south. Mount Gambier has a warm-summer Mediterranean climate; the town has cool wet winters. July is the wettest month with an average of 100.2 mm falling on 22 days whilst February records the lowest rainfall with an average of 26 mm on an average 8 days. The highest temperature recorded in Mount Gambier was 44.9 °C on 2 February 2014 and the lowest temperature recorded was −3.9 °C on 20 June 1950 and 2 July 1960.
Mount Gambier has 40.5 clear days on an annual basis. The government in the south-east area of the state, consisting of three local councils, amounted to a single administration. In consequence, many residents of Victoria used to look across the border to Mount Gambier as their centre. During the 1970s many elderly locals relocated to Victor Harbor and Moonta, both rural areas but with more resources available to cope with an ageing population. A 1976 study found that less than 10 per cent of residents aged over 65 had lived in the area for less than 5 years, leading to a lack of specific aged-care facilities. According to the 2006 Census the population of the Mount Gambier census area was 24,905 people, making it the largest urban area in the state outside Adelaide, the 50th largest urban area in Australia. 51.7% of the population were female, 84.9% were Australian born, over 91.5% of residents were Australian citizens and 1.6% were indigenous. The most popular industries for employment were Log Sawmilling and Timber Dressing, School Education and Retail Trade, while the unemployment rate is approx.
7%. The median weekly household income is A$814 or more compared with $924 in Adelaide. According to the 2006 Census, 60.0% of residents identified themselves as being Christian. The largest denominations represented were Catholics at 21.5%, Angl
Petre Otskheli was a Georgian modernist set and costume designer who designed in theatre in Georgia and in Moscow. He was put to death during Joseph Stalin’s Great Purge at the age of 30, but his scenographic constructivism has had a lasting influence on the Georgian scenic design. Born in Kutaisi, Otskheli studied at the Kutaisi realschule and the Tbilisi State Academy of Arts in the 1920s. Through most of his career Otskheli had a creative relationship with the director Kote Marjanishvili who invited the young artist to his theatre in Kutaisi in 1928. Otskheli’s visual experiments and skillful use of stage for massive designs with a series of subtle elements earned him recognition, but he soon came under pressure from Stalin’s lieutenant in the Caucasus, Lavrentiy Beria. In 1936, Otskheli fled Beria’s persecution to Moscow where he was recruited by his fellow countryman Sergo Amaghlobeli the director of Moscow Maly Theatre. In 1937, both Otskheli and Amaghlobeli were shot on trumped-up charges of treason.
Lomtatidze, Petre Otskheli. Tbilisi. Tsimintia, Ana Fragments of Georgian Modernism: Theatre Designs of Petre Otskheli on Display at Karvasla. Georgia Today. Retrieved on 2008-06-13. Petre Otskheli’s designs. Art.dfl.ge. Retrieved on 2008-06-13