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Evan Spencer

Evan Spencer is a former American football wide receiver. He played college football at Ohio State, he was drafted by the Washington Redskins in the sixth round of the 2015 NFL Draft. Spencer is well known for the touchdown pass he threw to Michael Thomas on a trick play going into half time in the 2015 Sugar Bowl vs. Alabama; this touchdown helped give the underdog Buckeyes the momentum and beat Alabama 42-35. In the game he threw a key block on the game clinching 85 yard TD, the longest run given up by Alabama that year; the Buckeyes advanced to the national championship game where they defeated Oregon to win the first College Football Playoff National championship 42-20. Spencer was selected by the Washington Redskins with the 187th overall pick in the 2015 NFL Draft, he signed a four-year contract on May 11, 2015. On September 5, he was waived/injured during final roster cuts before the start of the regular season, he was placed on the team's injured reserve after going unclaimed on waivers.

On September 9, the Redskins released Spencer with an injury settlement. The Tampa Bay Buccaneers signed Spencer to their practice squad on September 22, 2015; this united him with his father, who at the time was the Buccaneers' running back coach. He was promoted to the active roster on December 22, 2015. On September 6, 2016, he was released by the Buccaneers. Two days he was signed to the Buccaneers' practice squad. On September 9, 2016, Spencer was placed on the reserve/retired list. Spencer is the youngest son of retired NFL running back Tim Spencer. Spencer's older brother, Cole, is an area scout with the Washington Redskins. During the 2015 NFL Draft, Cole called on behalf of the Redskins to tell his younger brother that he was going to be drafted. Ohio State Buckeyes bio Washington Redskins bio

Farmington Township, Clarion County, Pennsylvania

Farmington Township is a township in Clarion County, United States. The population was 1,934 at the 2010 census; the township is located in the northeast corner of Clarion County and is bordered by Forest County to the north and east. A small part of the eastern border of the township touches Jefferson County; the Clarion River forms the southeast border of the township. According to the United States Census Bureau, the township has a total area of 62.5 square miles, of which 62.3 square miles is land and 0.2 square miles, or 0.36%, is water. The unincorporated communities of Tylersburg, Leeper and Vowinckel are in the township. Tylersburg is located along Pennsylvania Route 36, Crown and Vowinckel are on Pennsylvania Route 66, Leeper is at the intersection of the two highways, west of the center of the township. Cook Forest State Park is in the eastern part of the township in the valley of Toms Run, a tributary of the Clarion River; as of the census of 2000, there were 1,986 people, 818 households, 561 families residing in the township.

The population density was 31.8 people per square mile. There were 1,750 housing units at an average density of 28.0/sq mi. The racial makeup of the township was 99.40% White, 0.20% African American, 0.15% Native American, 0.10% Asian, 0.15% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.15% of the population. There were 818 households, out of which 27.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.0% were married couples living together, 5.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 31.3% were non-families. 27.8% of all households were made up of individuals, 11.9% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.43 and the average family size was 2.95. In the township the population was spread out, with 21.9% under the age of 18, 7.3% from 18 to 24, 27.0% from 25 to 44, 29.3% from 45 to 64, 14.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females, there were 102.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 105.2 males.

The median income for a household in the township was $32,739, the median income for a family was $39,688. Males had a median income of $29,279 versus $20,300 for females; the per capita income for the township was $15,982. About 7.9% of families and 10.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.0% of those under age 18 and 8.7% of those age 65 or over. Farmington Township listing at Clarion County Association of Township Officials

1983 NCAA Women's Lacrosse Championship

The 1983 NCAA Women's Lacrosse Championship was the second annual single-elimination tournament to determine the national championship of NCAA women's college lacrosse. The championship game was played at Franklin Field in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania during May 1983; the Delaware Blue Hens won their first championship by defeating the Temple Owls in the final, 10–7. The leading scorer for the tournament was Karen Emas, from Delaware, with 14 goals. Emas was named the Most Outstanding Player of the tournament; until 1985, there was only one NCAA championship. Hence, all NCAA women's lacrosse programs were eligible for this championship. A total of 12 teams were invited to contest the tournament, expanding on the 2 teams from the previous year. Eleven teams made their debuts in the NCAA tournament this year. Anne Brooking, Delaware Karen Emas, Delaware Missy Meharg, Delaware Linda Schmidt, Delaware Rita Hubneri, Massachusetts Pam Moryl, Massachusetts Carol Progulske, Massachusetts Marsha Florio, Penn State Barb Jordan, Penn State Jane Koffenberger, Penn State Kathleen Barrett, Temple Marie Schmucker, Temple NCAA Division I Women's Lacrosse Championship 1983 NCAA Division I Men's Lacrosse Championship

Frieda Blell

Frieda Blell was a German landscape painter. Blell was the daughter of a deputy of the German Reichstag. Blell lived and worked in several locations, including Munich, São Paulo, the South Tyrol and Gauting. In 1913, she married the expressionist Leo Putz. Blell served as the model for many of his paintings. From 1909 to 1914, they spent the Summers on the Chiemsee with their friends Clara Lotte von Marcard and Edward Cucuel who featured her in a few of his works, including "Herbstsonne", a depiction of the young Blell in the park by the lake shore near Castel Hartmannsberg, she painted numerous pictures of flowers for Jugend. Hans Heyn: Süddeutsche Malerei aus dem Bayerischen Hochland, Rosenheimer Verlagshaus, Rosenheim 1979. ISBN 3-475-52290-X. Lexikon der Münchner Maler im 19./20. Jahrhundert, Vol. V

Neural adaptation

Neural adaptation or sensory adaptation is a gradual decrease over time in the responsiveness of the sensory system to a constant stimulus. It is experienced as a change in the stimulus. For example, if a hand is rested on a table, the table's surface is felt against the skin. Subsequently, the sensation of the table surface against the skin diminishes until it is unnoticeable; the sensory neurons that respond are no longer stimulated to respond. All sensory and neural systems have a form of adaptation to detect changes in the environment. Neural receptor cells that process and receive stimulation go through constant changes for mammals and other living organisms to sense vital changes in their environment; some key players in several neural systems include Ca2+ions that send negative feedback in second messenger pathways that allow the neural receptor cells to close or open channels in response to the changes of ion flow. There are mechanoreception systems that use calcium inflow to physically affect certain proteins and move them to close or open channels.

Functionally, it is possible that adaptation may enhance the limited response range of neurons to encode sensory signals with much larger dynamic ranges by shifting the range of stimulus amplitudes. In neural adaptation there is a sense of returning to baseline from a stimulated response. Recent work suggests that these baseline states are determined by long-term adaptation to the environment. Varying rates or speed of adaptation is an important indicator for tracking different rates of change in the environment or the organism itself. Current research shows that although adaptation occurs at multiple stages of each sensory pathway, it is stronger and more stimulus specific at "cortical" level rather than "subcortical stages". In short, neural adaptation is thought to happen at a more central level at the cortex. There is fast slow adaptation. Fast adaptation occurs after a stimulus is presented i.e. within hundreds of milliseconds. Slow adaptive processes can take minutes, hours or days; the two classes of neural adaptation may rely on different physiological mechanisms.

The time scale over which adaptation builds up and recovers depends on the time course of stimulation. Brief stimulation produces adaptation which occurs and recovers while more prolonged stimulation can produce slower and more lasting forms of adaptation. Repeated sensory stimulation appears to temporarily decrease the gain of thalamocortical synaptic transmission. Adaptation of cortical responses recovered more slowly. In the late 1800s, Hermann Helmholtz, a German physician and physicist, extensively researched conscious sensations and different types of perception, he defined sensations as the "raw elements" of conscious experience that required no learning, perceptions as the meaningful interpretations derived from the senses. He studied the physical properties of the vision, as well as acoustic sensation. In one of his classic experiments regarding how space perception could be altered by experience, participants wore glasses that distorted the visual field by several degrees to the right.

Participants were asked to look at an object, close their eyes, try to reach out and touch it. At first, the subjects reached for the object too far to the left, but after a few trials were able to correct themselves. Helmholtz theorized that perceptual adaptation might result from a process he referred to as unconscious inference, where the mind unconsciously adopts certain rules in order to make sense of what is perceived of the world. An example of this phenomenon is when a ball appears to be getting smaller and smaller, the mind will infer that the ball is moving away from them. In the 1890s, psychologist George M. Stratton conducted experiments in which he tested the theory of perceptual adaptation. In one experiment, he wore a reversing glasses for 21½ hours over three days. After removing the glasses, "normal vision was restored instantaneously and without any disturbance in the natural appearance or position of objects." On a experiment, Stratton wore the glasses for eight whole days.

By day four, the images seen through the instrument were still upside down. However, on day five, images appeared upright. By having to concentrate on his vision to turn it upside down again when he knew images were hitting his retinas in the opposite orientation as normal, Stratton deduced his brain had adapted to the changes in vision. Stratton conducted experiments where he wore glasses that altered his visual field by 45°, his brain perceive the world as normal. The field can be altered making the subject see the world upside down. But, as the brain adjusts to the change, the world appears "normal."In some extreme experiments, psychologists have tested to see if a pilot can fly a plane with altered vision. All of the pilots that were fitted with the goggles that altered their vision were able to safely navigate the aircraft with ease. Adaptation is considered to be the cause of perceptual phenomena like afterimages and the motion aftereffect. In the absence of fixational eye movements, visual perception may fade out or disappear due to neural adaptation..

When an observer's visual stream adapts to a single direction of real motion, imagined motion can be perceived at various speeds. If the imagined motion is in the same direction as that experienced during adaptation, imagined speed is slowed.