Percy Tyrone Sledge was an American R&B, soul and gospel singer. He is best known for the song "When a Man Loves a Woman", a No. 1 hit on both the Billboard Hot 100 and R&B singles charts in 1966. It was awarded a million-selling, Gold-certified disc from the RIAA. Having worked as a hospital orderly in the early 1960s, Sledge achieved his strongest success in the late 1960s and early 1970s with a series of emotional soul songs. In years, Sledge received the Rhythm and Blues Foundation's Career Achievement Award, he was inducted into the Rock & Roll Hall of Fame in 2005. Sledge was born on November 1941, in Leighton, Alabama, he worked in a series of agricultural jobs in the fields in Leighton before taking a job as an orderly at Colbert County Hospital in Sheffield, Alabama. Through the mid-1960s, he toured the Southeast with the Esquires Combo on weekends, while working at the hospital during the week. A former patient and mutual friend of Sledge and record producer Quin Ivy introduced the two.
An audition followed, Sledge was signed to a recording contract. Sledge's soulful voice was perfect for the series of soul ballads produced by Ivy and Marlin Greene, which rock critic Dave Marsh called "emotional classics for romantics of all ages". "When a Man Loves a Woman" was Sledge's first song recorded under the contract, was released in March 1966. According to Sledge, the inspiration for the song came when his girlfriend left him for a modelling career after he was laid off from a construction job in late 1965, because bassist Calvin Lewis and organist Andrew Wright helped him with the song, he gave all the songwriting credits to them, it went on to become an international hit. When a Man Loves a Woman" was a hit twice in the UK, reaching No. 4 in 1966 and, on reissue, peaked at No. 2 in 1987. The song was the first gold record released by Atlantic Records; the soul anthem became the cornerstone of Sledge's career, was followed by "Warm and Tender Love", "It Tears Me Up", "Take Time to Know Her", "Love Me Tender", "Cover Me".
Sledge charted with "I'll Be Your Everything" and "Sunshine" during the 1970s, became an international concert favorite throughout the world in the Netherlands, on the African continent. Sledge's career enjoyed a renaissance in the 1980s when "When a Man Loves a Woman" re-entered the UK Singles Chart, peaking at No. 2 behind the reissued Ben E. King classic "Stand by Me", after being used in a Levi's commercial. In the early 1990s, Michael Bolton brought "When a Man Loves a Woman" back into the limelight again on his hit album Time, Love, & Tenderness. On the week of November 17 to November 23, 1991, Bolton's version hit No. 1 on the Billboard Hot 100 singles chart 25½ years to the week after Percy's did in 1966. In 1994, Saul Davis and Barry Goldberg produced Sledge's album, Blue Night, for Philippe Le Bras' Sky Ranch label and Virgin Records, it featured Bobby Womack, Steve Cropper, Mick Taylor among others. Blue Night received a Grammy nomination for Best Contemporary Blues Album, Vocal or Instrumental, in 1996 it won the W.
C. Handy Award for best blues album. In 2004, Davis and Goldberg produced the Shining Through the Rain album, which preceded his induction into the Rock & Roll Hall of Fame. Songs on the CD were written by Mikael Rickfors, Steve Earle, the Bee Gees, Carla Olson, Denny Freeman, Allan Clarke and Jackie Lomax; the same year Percy recorded a live album with his band Sunset Drive entitled Percy Sledge and Sunset Drive – Live in Virginia on WRM Records produced by Warren Rodgers. In May 2007, Percy was inducted into The Louisiana Music Hall Of Fame in his home city of Baton Rouge, LA. In December 2010, Rhino Handmade issued a four-CD retrospective, The Atlantic Recordings, which covers all of the issued Atlantic masters, as well as many of the tracks unissued in the United States. In 2011 Sledge toured with Sir Cliff Richard during his Soulicious tour, performing "I'm Your Puppet". Sledge married twice and was survived by his second wife, Rosa Sledge, whom he married in 1980, he had 12 children. Sledge died of liver cancer at his home in Baton Rouge on April 14, 2015, at the age of 73.
His interment was in Baton Rouge's Heavenly Gates Cemetery. Sledge was: An inaugural Rhythm and Blues Foundation Pioneer Award honoree in 1989. Inducted into the Alabama Music Hall of Fame in 1993; the recipient of the Blues Music Award in 1996 for best Soul/Blues album of the year with his record Blue Night. Inducted into the Carolina Beach Music Hall Of Fame in November 2004. Inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 2005. Inducted into the Louisiana Music Hall of Fame for his contributions by the State of Louisiana in May 2007. Inducted into the Delta Music Museum in Ferriday, Louisiana. 1994 "I Wish It Would Rain" duet with Mikael Rickfors produced by Saul Davis & Barry Goldberg 1994 "You Got Away with Love" / "Why Did You Stop?" produced by Saul Davis & Barry Goldberg Sledge is sometimes cited as the inspiration behind the Australian language term "to sledge", meaning "to put someone off their game", first used in Test cricket, though the phrase more derives from "subtle as a sledgehammer".
Percy Sledge on IMDb Percy Sledge at AllMusic Percy Sledge discography at Discogs "Percy Sledge". Find a G
New Riders of the Purple Sage
New Riders of the Purple Sage is an American country rock band. The group emerged from the psychedelic rock scene in San Francisco, California, in 1969, its original lineup included several members of the Grateful Dead, their best known song is "Panama Red". The band is sometimes referred to as the New Riders, or as NRPS; the roots of the New Riders can be traced back to the early 1960s Peninsula folk/beatnik scene centered on Stanford University's now-defunct Perry Lane housing complex in Menlo Park, where future Grateful Dead guitarist Jerry Garcia played gigs with like-minded guitarist David Nelson. The young John Dawson played some concerts with Garcia and their compatriots while visiting relatives on summer vacation. Enamored of the sounds of Bakersfield-style country music, Dawson would turn his older friends on to the work of Merle Haggard and Buck Owens and provided a vital link between Timothy Leary's International Federation for Internal Freedom in Millbrook, New York and the Menlo Park bohemian coterie nurtured by Ken Kesey.
Inspired by American folk music and roll, blues, Garcia formed the Grateful Dead with blues singer Ron "Pigpen" McKernan, while Nelson joined the inclined New Delhi River Band shortly thereafter. Although they lacked the managerial acumen and cultural cachet of the Grateful Dead and elected to remain in East Palo Alto, California unlike the former group, who soon relocated to the Haight-Ashbury district of San Francisco, the New Delhi River Band were considered to be the house band of The Barn in Scotts Valley, California by late 1966; the group continued to enjoy a cult following in Santa Clara and Santa Cruz Counties through the Summer of Love until their dissolution in early 1968. After a period of inactivity, Nelson contributed to the Grateful Dead's Aoxomoxoa sessions and served as the caretaker of Big Brother and the Holding Company's rehearsal space while guitarist Peter Albin and drummer David Getz undertook a European tour with Country Joe & the Fish following the schismatic departure of Janis Joplin and Sam Andrew from the former band in December 1968.
During this period and Garcia played intermittently in an early iteration of High Country, a traditional bluegrass ensemble formed by the remnants of the Peninsula folk scene. It is believed that Nelson would have been lead guitarist in the reconstituted lineup of Big Brother that coalesced in 1969 and thus may have contributed to some of the recordings on Be a Brother during this transitional period. Dawson—who dropped out of Occidental College in December 1965 and remained in Los Angeles for several years thereafter, "hanging out with musicians and weirdos"—had returned to Los Altos Hills by early 1969, allowing him to contribute to the Aoxomoxoa sessions and enroll at Foothill College. After a mescaline experience at Pinnacles National Park with Torbert and Matthew Kelly, he began to compose songs on a regular basis; some were traditional country pastiches. "Henry", a traditional shuffle with contemporary lyrics about marijuana smuggling dates from this period. Dawson's vision was prescient, as 1969 marked the emergence of country rock via Bob Dylan, The Band, The Flying Burrito Brothers, the Dillard & Clark Band, the Clarence White-era Byrds.
Around this time, Garcia was inspired to take up the pedal steel guitar, an informal line-up including Dawson and Peninsula folk veteran Peter Grant began playing coffeehouse and hofbrau concerts together when the Grateful Dead were not touring. Their repertoire included country standards, traditional bluegrass, Dawson originals, a few Dylan covers. By the summer of 1969 it was decided that a full band would be formed and David Nelson was recruited to play lead guitar. In addition to Nelson and Garcia, the original line-up of the band that came to be known as the New Riders of the Purple Sage consisted of Alembic Studios engineer Bob Matthews on electric bass and Mickey Hart of the Grateful Dead. Lyricist Robert Hunter rehearsed with the band on bass in early 1970 before the permanent hiring of Torbert in April of that year; the most commercially successful configuration of the New Riders would come to encompass Dawson, Torbert, Spencer Dryden, Buddy Cage. After a few warmup gigs throughout the Bay Area in 1969, Dawson and Torbert began to tour in May 1970 as part of a tripartite bill advertised as "An Evening with the Grateful Dead".
An acoustic Grateful Dead set that included contributions from Dawson and Nelson would segue into New Riders and electric Dead sets, obviating the need to hire external opening acts. By the time the New Riders recorded their first album in late 1970, change was in the air. Due to an incipient opiate addiction that affected his performance, Hart was temporarily fired by the Grateful Dead in February 1971. Although he contributed to two tracks
Move Me Brightly
Move Me Brightly is a music documentary film. It contains live performances of Grateful Dead songs from a 2012 concert by Bob Weir and a number of other musicians, called "Move Me Brightly: Celebrating Jerry Garcia's 70th Birthday"; the film includes interviews with some of the performers, other musicians, members of the Grateful Dead extended family. It was released on DVD and Blu-ray in 2013. Move Me Brightly was directed by Justin Kreutzmann, the son of Grateful Dead drummer Bill Kreutzmann. Many of the interviews were conducted by Luke Wilson; the music was produced and mixed by Rick Vargas, with live mixing by Dennis Leonard and audio mastering by David Glasser. The liner notes for the video were written by Mike Campbell, Benjy Eisen, David Crosby. On August 3, 2012, former Grateful Dead guitarist Bob Weir and a rotating lineup of musicians performed a five-hour concert of Grateful Dead songs at TRI Studios in San Rafael, California; the show was called "Move Me Brightly: Celebrating Jerry Garcia's 70th Birthday", took place two days after the 70th anniversary of Garcia's birth.
Many of the songs featured Weir on guitar, Neal Casal on guitar, Jeff Chimenti on keyboards, Mike Gordon on bass, Joe Russo on drums, Donna Jean Godchaux on vocals, Jon Graboff on pedal steel guitar. Performing at the concert were Phil Lesh, Jim Lauderdale, Harper Simon, Cass McCombs, Sam Cohen, Josh Kaufman, Adam MacDougall, Jason Roberts, Jonathan Wilson, Chris Tomson, Tad Kubler, Craig Finn; the DVD and Blu-ray release of Move Me Brightly includes the following songs. The following people are listed in the "featuring" section of the film credits, they and others are interviewed in the film. The full set-list from the show is as follows: 1; the Wheel> 2. Cumberland Blues * 3. Loser 4. Mississippi Half Step 5. Dire Wolf 6. Dupree’s Diamond Blues * 7. Tennessee Jed * 8. Ship of Fools * 9, they Love Each Other 10. Bird Song * 11. New Speedway Boogie * 12. Loose Lucy 13. Friend Of The Devil * 14. Mission In The Rain * 15. Ramble On Rose 16. Catfish John 17. Shakedown Street * 18. Terrapin Station* 19. He’s Gone * 20.
Eyes Of The World * 21. Scarlet Begonias 22. Don’t Let Go 23. Day’s Between * 24. Franklin’s Tower * 25. U. S Blues * 26. Goin down The Road Feelin' Bad * 27. Ripple Official website Move Me Brightly on IMDb Move Me Brightly at AllMovie Move Me Brightly at Discogs
Rock and Roll Hall of Fame
The Rock and Roll Hall of Fame, located on the shore of Lake Erie in downtown Cleveland, Ohio and archives the history of the best-known and most influential artists, producers and other notable figures who have had some major influence on the development of rock and roll. The Rock and Roll Hall of Fame Foundation was established on April 20, 1983, by Atlantic Records founder and chairman Ahmet Ertegun. In 1986, Cleveland was chosen as the Hall of Fame's permanent home. Founder Ahmet Ertegun assembled a team that included attorney Suzan Evans, Rolling Stone magazine editor and publisher Jann S. Wenner, attorney Allen Grubman, record executives Seymour Stein, Bob Krasnow, Noreen Woods; the Foundation began inducting artists in 1986. The search committee considered several cities, including Philadelphia, Detroit, New York City, Cleveland. Cleveland lobbied for the museum, with civic leaders in Cleveland pledging $65 million in public money to fund the construction, citing that WJW disc jockey Alan Freed both coined the term "rock and roll" and promoted the new genre—and that Cleveland was the location of Freed's Moondog Coronation Ball credited as the first major rock and roll concert.
Freed was a member of the hall of fame's inaugural class of inductees in 1986. In addition, Cleveland cited radio station WMMS, which played a key role in breaking several major acts in the U. S. during the 1970s and 1980s, including David Bowie, who began his first U. S. tour in the city, Bruce Springsteen, Roxy Music, Rush among many others. A petition drive was signed by 600,000 fans favoring Cleveland over Memphis, Cleveland ranked first in a 1986 USA Today poll asking where the Hall of Fame should be located. On May 5, 1986, the Hall of Fame Foundation chose Cleveland as the permanent home of the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame and Museum. Author Peter Guralnick said. Cleveland may have been chosen as the organization's site because the city offered the best financial package; as The Plain Dealer music critic Michael Norman noted, "It was $65 million... Cleveland wanted it here and put up the money." Co-founder Jann Wenner said, "One of the small sad things is we didn't do it in New York in the first place," but added, "I am delighted that the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame and Museum is in Cleveland."
During early discussions on where to build the Hall of Fame and Museum, the Foundation's board considered the Cuyahoga River. The chosen location was along East Ninth Street in downtown Cleveland by Lake Erie, east of Cleveland Stadium. At one point in the planning phase, when a financing gap existed, planners proposed locating the Rock Hall in the then-vacant May Company Building, but decided to commission architect I. M. Pei to design a new building. Initial CEO Dr. Larry R. Thompson facilitated I. M. Pei in designs for the site. Pei came up with the idea of a tower with a glass pyramid protruding from it; the museum tower was planned to stand 200 ft high, but had to be cut down to 162 ft due to its proximity to Burke Lakefront Airport. The building's base is 150,000 square feet; the groundbreaking ceremony took place on June 7, 1993. Pete Townshend, Chuck Berry, Billy Joel, Sam Phillips, Ruth Brown, Sam Moore of Sam and Dave, Carl Gardner of the Coasters and Dave Pirner of Soul Asylum all appeared at the groundbreaking.
The museum was dedicated on September 1, 1995, with the ribbon being cut by an ensemble that included Yoko Ono and Little Richard, among others, before a crowd of more than 10,000 people. The following night an all-star concert was held at the stadium, it featured Chuck Berry, Bob Dylan, Al Green, Jerry Lee Lewis, Aretha Franklin, Bruce Springsteen, Iggy Pop, John Fogerty, John Mellencamp, many others. In addition to the Hall of Fame inductees, the museum documents the entire history of rock and roll, regardless of induction status. Hall of Fame inductees are honored in a special exhibit located in a wing that juts out over Lake Erie. Since 1986, the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame has selected new inductees; the formal induction ceremony has been held in New York City 26 times. As of 2018, the induction ceremonies alternate each year between New Cleveland; the 2009 and 2012 induction weeks were made possible by a public–private partnership between the City of Cleveland, the State of Ohio, the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame, local foundations, civic organizations and individuals.
Collectively these entities invested $5.8 million in 2009 and $7.9 million in 2012 to produce a week of events, including free concerts, a gospel celebration, exhibition openings, free admission to the museum, induction ceremonies filled with both fans and VIPs at Public Hall. Millions viewed the television broadcast of the Cleveland inductions; the economic impact of the 2009 induction week activities was more than $13 million, it provided an additional $20 million in media exposure for the region. The 2012 induction week yielded similar results. There are seven levels in the building. On the lower level is the Ahmet M. Ertegun Exhibition Hall, the museum's main gallery, it includes exhibits on the roots of roll. It featu
Muscle Shoals Sound Studio
Muscle Shoals Sound Studio at 3614 Jackson Highway in Sheffield, Alabama was formed in 1969 by four session musicians called The Muscle Shoals Rhythm Section who had left Rick Hall's nearby FAME Studios in Muscle Shoals to create their own recording facility. The group closed the Jackson Highway studio in 1979; the old studio has been listed on the National Register of Historic Places since June 2006. It was restored in the early 2000s and was sold to the Muscle Shoals Music Foundation in 2013; this group completed a major restoration and the location reopened on January 9, 2017. The Alabama Avenue location ceased operations in 2005; the concrete block building at 3614 Jackson Highway in Sheffield was built around 1946 and was a coffin show room. It was converted to a recording studio in 1969 when a group of musicians called the Muscle Shoals Rhythm Section decided to start their own operation in competition with the FAME Studios owned by Rick Hall. Over the years, artists who recorded at Muscle Shoals Sound Studio included The Rolling Stones, Aretha Franklin, Wilson Pickett, Willie Nelson, Lynyrd Skynyrd, Joe Cocker, Levon Helm, Paul Simon, Bob Seger, Rod Stewart, Tamiko Jones, Cat Stevens.
Cher's sixth album was titled 3614 Jackson Highway and this became the informal name for the studio in 1969. The studio at this location closed in 1979, the recording facility was moved to new premises at 1000 Alabama Avenue; the Jackson Highway building had been restored and open for tours in 2013 when the documentary Muscle Shoals raised public interest in a major restoration of the studio. The Muscle Shoals Music Foundation was formed in 2013 to raise funds to purchase the building and to complete major renovations. In June 2013, the owner sold the property to the Muscle Shoals Music Foundation, without the historic recording equipment. A large grant from Beats Electronics provided an essential $1 million; the state tourism director said in August 2015 that the 2013 Muscle Shoals film had significant influence. "The financial support from Beats is a direct result of their film." Additional donations were made by other individuals. As as August 2015, tours were visiting the restored studio on Jackson Highway.
It was closed when major restoration work started in September 2015. Muscle Shoals Sound Studio reopened as a finished tourist attraction on January 9, 2017, owned and operated by the foundation; the interior is reminiscent of the 1970s, with paraphernalia. There are plans to allow artists to record in the studio; the Alabama Tourism Department named Muscle Shoals Sound Studio as the state's top attraction in 2017 before the Jackson Highway studio reopened. The four founders of the studio, Barry Beckett, Roger Hawkins, Jimmy Johnson and David Hood, affectionately called The Swampers, but known as the Muscle Shoals Rhythm Section, were one of the best-known "house bands" or session musicians, they are referred to as "The Swampers" in the lyrics of "Sweet Home Alabama" by Lynyrd Skynyrd and appear on the cover of Cher's 1969 album 3614 Jackson Highway. They worked for Rick Hall, the founder of FAME Studios and they are recognized as having crafted the "Muscle Shoals sound" in conjunction with Hall.
After leaving Rick Hall's FAME Studios, the four musicians partnered with Jerry Wexler who provided start-up funding to found Muscle Shoals Sound Studio at 3614 Jackson Highway in Sheffield. The first hit to the studio's credit was R. B. Greaves' "Take a Letter Maria". By December 1969, the Rolling Stones were recording at this new location for three days; the Muscle Shoals Rhythm Section was the first group of musicians to own a studio and to run their own publishing and production companies. They provided musical backing and arrangements for many recordings, including major hits by Wilson Pickett, Aretha Franklin, the Staple Singers, they had first worked together in 1967 and played sessions in New York and Nashville before doing so at FAME. Their initial successes in soul and R&B led to more mainstream rock and pop performers who began coming to record at Muscle Shoals Sound Studios, including the Rolling Stones, Bob Seger, Elton John, Boz Scaggs, Willie Nelson, Paul Simon, Bob Dylan, Dr. Hook, Elkie Brooks, Millie Jackson, Julian Lennon, Glenn Frey.
The studio at 3614 Jackson Highway closed in April 1979, becoming an audio visual retailer and an appliance store until 1999. The subsequent owner did some renovations and retained the old recording equipment, allowing for tours of the property; the recording facility was relocated to updated and larger premises at 1000 Alabama Avenue in Sheffield in 1979. This location operated until it was closed and sold in 1985 to Tommy Couch's soul and blues label Malaco Records, based in Jackson, which bought the publishing rights held by the Muscle Shoals Sound. Malaco used the Sheffield studios for its own artists, including Johnnie Taylor, Bobby Bland and Little Milton, as while continuing to operate its own facility in Jackson; the Rhythm Section, minus Beckett, worked with other studio musicians at Malaco Records and at other studios. In 2005, Couch decided to close the Malaco studio on Alabama Avenue b
Keith & Donna
Keith & Donna is an album by Keith Godchaux and Donna Jean Godchaux. Their only studio album as a duo leading their own band, it was released in 1975 on the Round Records label. Produced as a vinyl LP, it has not been released on CD. On Keith & Donna, both of the Godchauxs sing lead and backing vocals, Keith plays various keyboard instruments; the album was recorded and released while they were members of the Grateful Dead, Jerry Garcia plays guitar on all the songs. On most of the tracks, Denny Seiwell plays Chris Stewart plays bass. In an interview with Blair Jackson, Donna Godchaux said, "Almost all of it was recorded at our house in Stinson Beach. Bob Matthews brought in a Neve board and we had our nine-foot Steinway there and we had our whole living room set up as a recording studio for a while. Jerry was just a couple of minutes away, so it was real easy to get together and work on it."In a 2014 interview with Rolling Stone, she said, "I have issues with it, like our version of'River Deep, Mountain High', but I still remember the spirit of it.
I could day by day tell you what happened with that. Here's Garcia and Keith and I living in Stinson Beach and we recorded it in our living room when Zion was asleep at four months old, it was so special. And I can't repeat it. Keith is gone and Jerry is gone. I don't care what the critics say about that record. I still love what we did together at that time." Side one "River Deep, Mountain High" – 4:17 "Sweet Baby" – 5:01 "Woman Make You" – 4:32 "When You Start to Move" – 4:04Side two "Showboat" – 2:28 "My Love for You" – 5:49 "Farewell Jack" – 3:08 "Who Was John" – 2:22 "Every Song I Sing" – 6:26 MusiciansDonna Godchaux – vocals Keith Godchaux – keyboards, vocals Jerry Garcia – guitar, vocals Denny Seiwell – drums Chrissy Stewart – bassAdditional musiciansBrian Godchaux – violin on "Every Song I Sing" Merl Saunders – organ on "Sweet Baby" Bernard Purdie – drums on "River Deep, Mountain High" John Kahn – bass on "River Deep, Mountain High" Jim Brereton – drums on "Farewell Jack" Bill Wolf – bass on "Farewell Jack "ProductionKeith and Donna Godchaux – producers Bill Wolf – engineer Fred Bradfield – assistant engineer Gene Eichelberger – mixing Merl Saunders – mixing Andy Leonard – front cover photograph Cadillac Ron – back cover photograph Jerry Garcia – illustration of Zion's thoughts
Florence is a city in Lauderdale County, United States, in the state's northwest corner. According to the 2010 census, the city's population was 39,319. Florence is the largest and principal city of the Florence-Muscle Shoals Metropolitan Statistical Area. Florence is considered northwestern Alabama's primary economic hub. Annual tourism events include the W. C. Handy Music Festival in the summer and the Renaissance Faire in the fall. Landmarks in Florence include the Rosenbaum House, the only Frank Lloyd Wright-designed home located in Alabama. Florence and Lauderdale County had Eliza Coffee Memorial Hospital. ECM was a 358-bed facility owned by RCCH HealthCare Partners in Tennessee. In 2010 RCCH HealthCare Partners announced; the hospital was completed in December 2018. The type of municipal government is mayor-council. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, Florence has a total area of 25.0 square miles, of which 24.9 square miles is land, 0.1 square miles is water. Florence is located on Wilson Lake and Pickwick Lake, bodies of water on the Tennessee River dammed by Pickwick Dam and Wilson Dams.
Pickwick Lake was created by the Tennessee Valley Authority, one of several alphabet agencies of President Franklin Delano Roosevelt's New Deal. Wilson Dam was authorized by President Woodrow Wilson in 1918 and was the first dam constructed on the Tennessee River. Florence was surveyed for the Cypress Land Company in 1818 by Italian surveyor Ferdinand Sannoner, who named it after Florence, the capital of the Tuscany region of Italy. Florence, Alabama was incorporated in 1826. Florence Female Academy was established in Florence in 1847. By the 1850s it became Florence Synodical Female College, it closed in 1893. A historical marker commemorates the site. According to the 2010 census: 75.0% White 19.4% Black 0.4% Native American 1.4% Asian 0.1% Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander 1.9% Two or more races 3.6% Hispanic or Latino As of the census of 2000, there were 36,264 people, 15,820 households, 9,555 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,454.6 people per square mile. There were 17,707 housing units at an average density of 710.2 per square mile.
The racial makeup of the city was 78.39% White, 19.20% Black or African American, 0.24% Native American, 0.62% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.54% from other races, 0.97% from two or more races. 1.34% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 15,820 households, out of which 25.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them: 43.6% were married couples living together, 14.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 39.6% were non-families. Nearly 33.8% of all households were made up of individuals, 13.3% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.20, the average family size was 2.82. In the city, the population was spread out with 21.4% under the age of 18, 13.7% from 18 to 24, 25.7% from 25 to 44, 21.7% from 45 to 64, 17.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females, there were 84.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 79.7 males. The city is strictly zoned, therefore seems to be much larger than the population of 40,000.
Communities within Florence that aren't counted towards the population include St. Florian, Happy Hollow, Petersville, Zip City, etc; this explains the metropolitan area being close to 150,000 but the "city" only being home to 40,000. The median income for a household in the city was $28,330, the median income for a family was $40,577. Males had a median income of $34,398 versus $21,385 for females; the per capita income for the city was $19,464. About 14.4% of families and 20.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 25.9% of those under age 18 and 13.3% of those age 65 or over. Situated in Florence, founded in 1830 as LaGrange College, the University of North Alabama, a public, co-educational, higher education institution, is Alabama's oldest state-certified university; the University is the largest in north Alabama, with an enrollment topping 7,000 for the first time in 2007. International students now compose 10% of the student population; the university is surrounded by historic neighborhoods.
It is located just north of the downtown business district. Kilby Laboratory School, grades K - 6, is affiliated with the university and is the only laboratory school in the state. Florence City Schools is the organization of the K–12 public school system. Florence High School is the main high school, with an enrollment of 1,000 students, it was created by a merger between the previous two city high schools, Bradshaw High School and Coffee High School. Florence High is located at the former Bradshaw site in the eastern part of the city; the merger led to the creation of Florence Middle School and the Florence Freshman Center. The middle school is located at the former Coffee High campus, east of downtown, the Florence Freshman Center is located at the Florence High School campus. There are four private schools in Florence: St. Joseph Regional Catholic School for grades K–8, Mars Hill Bible School, Shoals Christian School, Florence Christian Academy, which are multi-denominational, K–12 schools.
The city has a mayor-council form of government. Council members are elected from six single-member districts, the mayor is elected separately. Mayor Steve HoltSteve Holt was elected