click links in text for more info

Dorf on Golf

Dorf on Golf is a 1987 comedy film starring Tim Conway, Vincent Schiavelli and Michele Smith. The film is the first in a series of eight films released by Conway and J2 Communications using the Dorf sporting theme; the film had a total cast of three. Tim Conway as Dorf Vincent Schiavelli as Leonard Michele Smith as Boom Boom Dorf is the main character, giving instruction in how to play golf, he is Swedish and is about as tall as a 5-year-old. As a result, Dorf always stands in one place. Leonard is Dorf's clueless caddy, about twice as tall as Dorf; as Dorf tells Leonard what to do, he'll answer "Right" Boom-Boom Larue is a posing character, a shapely but silent blonde that "helps" Dorf out when he's explaining the "dog-leg" hole. She annoys Dorf when her hot dog sticks to his stick and when she drops an illustration because she's fixing her hair. Dorf on Golf on IMDb

Education in Eritrea

Education in Eritrea is compulsory between 7 and 16 years of age. Important goals of Eritrea's educational policy are to provide basic education in each of Eritrea's mother tongues as well as to produce a society, equipped with the necessary skills to function with a culture of self-reliance in the modern economy; the education infrastructure is inadequate to meet these needs. The first schools in Ertrea were those of the catholic missionaries, but in 1902 were created by the Italian government the first two elementary schools in Italian Eritrea, with two teachers from Italy: the first and main in Asmara and the second in Cheren. During colonial times most of the students were Italians, but after WW2 the number of Eritrean students has increased: in 1956 they were 17% of the students, while in 2015 they were nearly all; the highest-level institution was the Italian Lyceum "Ferdinando Martini" in Eritrea's capital, founded in 1926. B. D'Ambrosio Initially there were only a few religious schools in Eritrea, but with the Italian governments were started the first school systems in Eritrea during the late 1930s.

In 1940 Dr. Vincenzo Di Meglio promoted the creation of the "School of Medicine" in Asmara, under the direction of Prof. Ferro Luzzi. In 1940 a group of Italian doctors under the leadership of Dr. Vincenzo Di Meglio promoted the creation of university studies in Asmara and in 1941 they created the "Scuola di Medicina", linked to the Asmara Hospital, it was the first university institution of Eritrea and aimed at the preparation of students for the Faculty of Medicine in the University of Rome. Silvia Nocchi After WW2 the first university in Asmara was created; this university was founded in 1958, albeit by a different name as the Collegio Cattolico della Santa Famiglia while ruled by the Italian religious organization called'Piae Madres Nigritiae': successively, in 1964 the university had been renamed as "University of Asmara". In the 1990s the independent Eritrea started a program to bring literacy to all children in Eritrea. Since the school system has reached nearly 90% of young Eritreans.

A Human Rights Watch report in August 2019 suggested that the final year secondary school students are forced into compulsory military training at the Sawa military camp, where they are subjected to systematic abuse, including torture, harsh working conditions and paid insufficiently. The military personnel control the students with physical punishment, military-style discipline, forced labour. There are five levels of education in Eritrea, pre-primary, middle and tertiary. There are nearly 238,000 students in the primary and secondary levels of education. There are 824 schools in Eritrea and two universities, University of Asmara and the Eritrea Institute of Technology, as well as several smaller colleges and technical schools. Current centers of tertiary education in Eritrea include, the College of Marine Biology, the College of Agriculture, the College of Arts and Social Sciences, the College of Business and Economics, the College of Nursing and Health Technology, as well as EIT and the UoA.

There are some big primary and middle schools like Mai-Tesfa and ModelThe education system in Eritrea is designed to promote private sector schooling, equal access for all groups and promote continuing education through formal and informal systems. Barriers to education in Eritrea include traditional taboos, school fees, the cost barriers of low-income households. Statistics suggest that between 39 and 57 percent of school-aged children attend primary school and 21 percent attend secondary school. Student-teacher ratios are high: 54 to 1 at the secondary level. There are an average 63 students per classroom at the elementary level and 97 per classroom at the secondary level. Learning hours at school are less than four hours per day. Skill shortages are present at all levels of the education system, funding for and access to education vary by gender and location; the overall literacy rate in Eritrea is estimated to be about 67.8 percent, with young adults aged 15–24, 89 percent literate. "The Ministry plans to establish a university in every region in the future."

Colonial School system in Eritrea, by Silvia Nocchi

R. Beverly Cole

Richard Beverly Cole was an American physician and past president of the American Medical Association. He was dean of the Toland Medical College during the time that it merged with the University of California system. A surgeon and obstetrician-gynecologist, Cole was among the first to perform some of the newer surgical procedures of his era, such as the Caesarean section and ligation of the common carotid and femoral arteries. Cole was born in Manchester and his family moved to Philadelphia when he was a child, he attended the Delaware Collegiate Institute and he began to study under a Kentucky physician when he was 16. He attended medical school at Transylvania University before transferring to Jefferson Medical College, from which he graduated in 1849; that year, there was a cholera outbreak in Philadelphia, the 20-year-old Cole was placed in charge of the Pine Street Cholera Hospital. In 1852, Cole moved to San Francisco, he had become a noted obstetrician and surgeon, having performed three Caesarean sections in Philadelphia when that procedure was in its infancy.

After the shooting of Cole's friend, San Francisco newspaper editor James King of William, Cole stayed with King and was one of several physicians who tended to his wounds. At one point, a decision was made to insert a sponge into King's chest, this approach was supported by prominent surgeon Hugh Toland. Cole disagreed with the decision and provided testimony to that effect when the San Francisco Committee of Vigilance called for an investigation into the man's medical care after his death. Cole became a dean of the medical school at the University of the Pacific in 1859; the school closed within two years, Cole spent most of the American Civil War period in Europe, where he toured hospitals in several countries. When he returned to the US in 1865, most of the former University of the Pacific faculty members were working at Toland Medical College, established by Cole's rival. In 1867, he joined the Outside Lands Committee of the San Francisco Board of Supervisors; as Cole gained prominence, the rift between Cole and Toland eased.

Cole was named dean of the Toland Medical College in 1870. He served in that capacity for ten years and he remained on the faculty for nearly the rest of his life. Cole assisted in the negotiations when Toland Medical College merged with the state's public university system in 1873; the college became known as the Medical Department of the University of California after his death, as the University of California, San Francisco. By 1880, Cole was the first vice president of the AMA, he presided over much of the organization's business that year owing to the illness of president Lewis Sayre. He was a council member of the American Surgical Association in 1882. In 1890, Cole registered his opposition to antiseptic injections in obstetrics before the obstetric committee of the Medical Society of the State of California, reasoning that deliveries had long been accomplished before the introduction of antisepsis, he was an advocate for the practice of inserting alum into the vagina for the treatment of uterine hemorrhage.

Cole was married to the former Eugenia Bonaffon. They had five children. Cole was an active Freemason. In his late sixties, Cole suffered a stroke which left him with partial facial paralysis and changes in his speech. In 1900, he retired as chair of obstetrics and gynecology at the medical school. Upon his retirement, his students and faculty colleagues presented him with an engraved silver plate. Cole was serving as a coroner when he died of another stroke in 1901

Verata goat

The Verata is a traditional Spanish breed of domestic goat. It is a dual-purpose breed, reared both for its milk, it is named for, is thought to originate in, the comarca of La Vera, in the province of Cáceres, in the northern part of the autonomous community of Extremadura in western central Spain. It is one of two traditional goat breeds in Extremadura, the other being the Retinta Extremeña.:403 The Verata is a traditional and heterogeneous goat breed from the Tagus depression in western central Spain, bounded to the south by the Montes de Toledo and to the north by the western Sistema Central. It was traditionally reared in the Sierra de Gredos, in the area where the provinces of Ávila, Cáceres and Toledo meet.:245 Towards the end of the twentieth century there was some displacement of the breed from its area of origin, the comarca of La Vera, into the comarca of Navalmoral de la Mata to the south. The Verata has been known to be easy to handle, they have been known to be hardy, can survive in many climates.

They are adapted to the mountain pastures because they have strong, long legs, they can survive on poor and scarce feed. The Verata Goat is smaller than the average goat, found in their homes in the Vera in the Caceres region of Spain, they are valued for their milk there. Their milk is used in cheese production. About 17000 Verata Goats inhabit Spain; these goats are found in herds of 100 to 150 goats. When grazing is scarce, these goats do well on concentrated feed in confinement, as well; when they are mature, these goats reach a height around 70 cm, weigh an average of 70 kg. These goats have short hair in either black or brown, they have a black facial fringe, a black underbelly, a black dorsal ridge. They have horns that go outward, spiral forward, well-sprung ribs, they have an erect tail. They have dark, hard hooves; the legs of these goats look rather small. Verata Goats are able to breed year round, but breeders and farmers breed them in October and November and again in the spring, sometime around March.

They have a high fertility rate, under good conditions, they can have an average of three births every two years. Lactation periods last around 175 days, they yield around 150 l of milk. Kids that have reached around 45 days old can be slaughtered for their meat


The Vorberge are a ridge, up to 353 m above sea level high, in the Lower Saxon Hills and within the district of Hildesheim in the German state of Lower Saxony. Together with the Sieben Berge and the Sackwald, the Vorberge belong to the geological formation of the Sackmulde; the ridge of Vorberge is located in the eastern edge of the Leine Uplands in the Lower Saxon Hills. It lies between the town of Alfeld on the River Leine to the southwest and Sibbesse on the Alme to the north; the Vorberge is surrounded by other uplands: the Hildesheim Forest to the north, the Sauberge to the east-northeast, Harplage to the east-southeast, the Heber to the southeast, the Sackwald to the south and the Sieben Berge to the west. Topographically, it transitions seamlessly to the last named range. Several streams rise within and on the edge of the Vorberge whose waters sooner or find their way into the westward-flowing Leine or the northeastwards- running Innerste; the unsettled hills of the Vorberge are crossed by several forest tracks and hiking trails which enable visitors to explored the wooded landscape.

It is reached on the winding Landesstraße L 485 country road that branches off the B 3 in Alfeld, which runs northeast linking Alfeld with Sibbesse and with Hildesheim further to the north. The hills of the Vorberge include the following: Hainberg – west-southwest of Sibbesse Bremberg – south-southwest of Sibbesse Sommerberg – south of Sibbesse Wernershöhe – southwest of Wrisbergholzen, part of Westfeld - with a communications tower Heiligenholzberg – west of Adenstedt Hainholzberg – southwest of Adenstedt on the boundary with the Sackwald Hettberg – southwest of Sibbesse Roseberg – northeast of Langenholzen, part of Alfeld Amongst the streams in and around the Vorberge are the: Alme, rises in the north Vorberge, western tributary of the Riehe Despe, passes the Vorberge to the north running from east to west.

Costa do Sol State Park

The Costa do Sol State Park is a state park in the state of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. It protects a number of fragments of coastal areas in the Atlantic Forest biome that are under intense pressure from urban expansion, but that have considerable tourism potential; the Costa do Sol State Park has about 9,840.90 hectares divided into four sectors, each consisting of one or more separate areas. It covers lands in the municipalities of Araruama, Armação dos Búzios, Arraial do Cabo, Cabo Frio, Saquarema and São Pedro da Aldeia as well as parts of the Atlantic Ocean and the Araruama Lagoon in the state Rio de Janeiro; the Costa do Sol State Park is the first mosaic park in Brazil, made up of discontinuous protected areas. In all there are 27 environmental preservation areas; the unit protects all of the remaining natural ecosystems of the Região dos Lagos, under intense real estate pressure. More than half of the park is located in the Massambaba Environmental Protection Area, which covers Saquarema and Arraial do Cabo.

It contains several species in danger of extinction, including the passarine restinga antwren, rufous-legged owl, fluminense swallowtail and skull tree iguana. There are vestiges of sambaquis, where prehistoric gatherers lived; the Lagoa Vermelha, in Saquarema, contains limestone rocks formed by microorganisms in shallow seas and lagoons, a rare phenomenon, important in understanding evolutionary history. The park has considerable tourism potential, although as of 2015 little had been done to ensure that tourists would use the protected sites in a sustainable way; the park rangers had fought 25 fires since the park was created, seized 18 irregular buildings, prevented seven attempts at logging and 12 squatter invasions and seized 15 wild animals. However, the park did not have lodgings for a visitor center. Tourists have visited the area of the park for decades, attracted by the pristine beaches and lagoons, but it was being threatened by unplanned urban growth; the state park was proposed by the Lagos São João Intermunicipal Consortium, a working group with representatives of municipalities and civil society.

The Costa do Sol State Park was created by state decree 42.929 of 18 April 2011 with an area of about 9,841 hectares. The park was created in a ceremony in Búzios attended by federal Environmental Minister Carlos Minc and state governor Sérgio Cabral Filho; the objectives are to ensure preservation of remnants of Atlantic Forest and associate ecosystems of the coastal region, including restingas, mangroves and swamps, to allow degraded areas to recover, to maintain populations of native fauna and flora as a refuge for rare, endemic or endangered species, to support recreation, scientific research and tourism, to support sustainable economic activities in the park's surroundings. In April 2015 the park promoted an annual promotion at Conchas Beach in Cabo Frio to encourage tourism and conservation in the park; the program included an ecological race, stand-up paddle challenge, a workshop on reuse and customization of crates, garbage collection, interpretive tour and a music show. All the garbage was to be made into a sculpture