Doria-Pamphili-Landi

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Doria-Pamphili-Landi
Doria-Pamphili
Noble house
Coat of arms of the House of Doria Pamphilj.svg
Parent house
Country Italy
Ethnicity Italian
Founded 1610
Founder Giovanni Andrea II Doria
Titles
Style(s) His Excellency (Cardinal)
Motto Altiora peto
(Latin for "I seek higher things")
Estate(s) Palazzo Pamphilj (Rome)
Palazzo Doria d'Angri (Naples)
Others located in Genoa and Rome
Dissolution 2000

The House of Doria-Pamphili-Landi (also called simply Doria-Pamphili) was a princely Roman family of Genoese extraction. Legend has it that the origins of the Doria family date from the early 11th century, but the authentic pedigree is traced to Ansaldo d'Oria, consul of Genoa in the 12th century. The descent of the several Doria family lines in Genoa is well-known and is described in Natale Battilana's 19th century genealogical study of old Genoese families.

The Doria-Pamphili-Landi princely family is a sub-branch of the Doria di Oneglia branch: in 1291, two Doria brothers bought the lordship of Oneglia, which was co-owned by their descendants until the late 15th century. Admiral Andrea Doria was descended from a Doria di Oneglia, Genoese soldier Aitone Doria (also called Antonio Doria), who fought for the French at the battle of Crécy.

Andrea Doria[edit]

One of the most famous members of the family was Andrea Doria, perpetual censor of Genoa in 1528 and admiral to the emperor Charles V, who was created Prince of Melfi (1531) and marquis of Tursi (in the kingdom of Naples) in 1555.[1] These titles were inherited by Gian Andrea Doria, son of Giannettino Doria who was a second cousin and adopted son of Andrea Doria. Giannettino Doria was killed in 1547 during the Fieschi conspiracy against the power of Andrea Doria over Genoa, and his descendants inherited the titles granted to the great admiral. Another famous member of the family was Cardinal Giovanni Battista Pamphilj, who rose to the Papacy as Pope Innocent X.

The marquisate of Civiez and the county of Cavallamonte were conferred on the family in 1576, the duchy of Tursi in 1594, the principality of Avella in 1607, the duchy of Avigliano in 1613, and the principality of Meldola in 1671. In 1760, the title of Reichsfurst or prince of the Holy Roman Empire was added and attached to the lordship of Torriglia and the marquisate of Borgo San Stefano, together with the qualification of Hochgeboren. That same year, the Dorias inherited the fiefs and titles of the house of Pamphili of Gubbio, patricians of Rome and self-styled princes of the San Martino, Valmontone, Val di Taro, Bardi, and Corupiano comunes.[1] They had already incorporated by marriage the wealthy inheritance of the Landi family.[citation needed]

Palazzo Doria Pamphili[edit]

The Palazzo Doria Pamphili in Rome was built in the 17th century and contains one of the most valuable private collections of paintings in the world, the Doria Pamphilj Gallery.[citation needed] The Villa Doria Pamphili was, during the siege of 1849, Giuseppe Garibaldi's headquarters.[1]

Last generations[edit]

Prince Filippo Andrea VI Doria Pamphili, a staunch anti-Fascist, in 1944 became the first mayor of Rome following its liberation by the Allies (one of his ancestors had been the second mayor of the newborn Kingdom of Italy in 1870).[citation needed]

Princess Orietta Doria-Pamphili-Landi (1922–2000), the last of the line, married Royal Navy Commander Frank George Wignall Pogson (1923-1998)[2] in London in 1958. He changed his name to Frank George Wignall Pogson Doria Pamphilj by deed poll.[3]

After the reforms of the Second Vatican Council in the 1960s, Princess Orietta and her husband, both Catholics, worked to promote better relations between faiths.[citation needed] In 2000, Queen Elizabeth II visited Rome and attended the Anglican Centre, which is housed in the Palazzo Doria Pamphilj.[citation needed]

The couple adopted two children:

  • Jonathan Pogson Doria Pamphilj (born 1963), in 2006 formed a civil partnership at the British Embassy in Switzerland with Elson Edeno Braga,[3] a Brazilian citizen, and has two children by surrogacy: Emily and Filippo Andrea.
  • Gesine Margaret Orietta Mary Pogson Doria Pamphilj (born 1964),[citation needed] known as Gesine Doria, married Massimiliano Floridi, with whom she has four children: Anna, Elisa, Orietta and Irene.[3]

Since Princess Orietta Doria-Pamphili-Landi had no direct heirs, even if her adopted children have inherited her estates, the historic Doria-Pamphili-Landi family and its titles have become extinct with her death.

The ability of Jonathan Pogson Doria Pamphilj's children to inherit, after his death, was called into question in October 2009 and legal action was taken by Gesine Doria on this point. On the basis that Pamphilj's children were born of surrogate mothers, Doria claimed that a recently passed Italian law on assisted procreation debarred them from inheriting on the grounds that a sperm donor could not claim parentage of a child and that only the mother who had given birth to the infant had the legal right to look after it.[4] In 2010, a court in Rome declined to hear the case.[5]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c  One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Doria-Pamphilii-Landi". Encyclopædia Britannica. 8 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 428.
  2. ^ Hanley, Anne (8 October 1998). "Obituary: Frank Pogson Doria Pamphilj". The Independent. London.
  3. ^ a b c Reginato, James (26 December 2013). "How Prince Jonathan Doria Pamphilj disrupted Roman Aristocracy by having children with his male partner". Vanity Fair. Retrieved 8 February 2018.
  4. ^ Willey, David (13 October 2009). "Adopted 'nobles' at war over vast fortune". BBC. Retrieved 14 October 2009.
  5. ^ Prince wins battle for his children's claim to wealth, Sydney Morning Herald, December 17, 2010,

Sources[edit]

  • N. Battilana, "Famiglia Doria" in Genealogia delle Famiglie Nobili di Genova, 1827.

External links[edit]