Godlike is the seventh studio album by American hip hop group Natas from Detroit, Michigan. It was released on May 21, 2002 via Number 6 Records, making it the group's first album to be released on a label other than Reel Life Productions, their only release on Number 6 Records. Production was handled by Esham; the album peaked at #56 on the US Billboard Top R&B/Hip-Hop Albums chart, #35 on the Independent Albums chart, #45 on the Heatseekers Albums chart. All music composed by Esham. Esham Attica Smith – performer, producer Gary Reed – performer TNT – performer "Natas - Godlike". Discogs
A music genre is a conventional category that identifies some pieces of music as belonging to a shared tradition or set of conventions. It is to be distinguished from musical form and musical style, although in practice these terms are sometimes used interchangeably. Academics have argued that categorizing music by genre is inaccurate and outdated. Music can be divided into different genres in many different ways; the artistic nature of music means that these classifications are subjective and controversial, some genres may overlap. There are varying academic definitions of the term genre itself. In his book Form in Tonal Music, Douglass M. Green distinguishes between form, he lists madrigal, canzona and dance as examples of genres from the Renaissance period. To further clarify the meaning of genre, Green writes, "Beethoven's Op. 61 and Mendelssohn's Op. 64 are identical in genre – both are violin concertos – but different in form. However, Mozart's Rondo for Piano, K. 511, the Agnus Dei from his Mass, K. 317 are quite different in genre but happen to be similar in form."
Some, like Peter van der Merwe, treat the terms genre and style as the same, saying that genre should be defined as pieces of music that share a certain style or "basic musical language." Others, such as Allan F. Moore, state that genre and style are two separate terms, that secondary characteristics such as subject matter can differentiate between genres. A music genre or subgenre may be defined by the musical techniques, the style, the cultural context, the content and spirit of the themes. Geographical origin is sometimes used to identify a music genre, though a single geographical category will include a wide variety of subgenres. Timothy Laurie argues that since the early 1980s, "genre has graduated from being a subset of popular music studies to being an ubiquitous framework for constituting and evaluating musical research objects". Among the criteria used to classify musical genres are the trichotomy of art and traditional musics. Alternatively, music can be divided on three variables: arousal and depth.
Arousal reflects the energy level of the music. These three variables help explain why many people like similar songs from different traditionally segregated genres. Musicologists have sometimes classified music according to a trichotomic distinction such as Philip Tagg's "axiomatic triangle consisting of'folk','art' and'popular' musics", he explains that each of these three is distinguishable from the others according to certain criteria. The term art music refers to classical traditions, including both contemporary and historical classical music forms. Art music exists in many parts of the world, it emphasizes formal styles that invite technical and detailed deconstruction and criticism, demand focused attention from the listener. In Western practice, art music is considered a written musical tradition, preserved in some form of music notation rather than being transmitted orally, by rote, or in recordings, as popular and traditional music are. Most western art music has been written down using the standard forms of music notation that evolved in Europe, beginning well before the Renaissance and reaching its maturity in the Romantic period.
The identity of a "work" or "piece" of art music is defined by the notated version rather than by a particular performance, is associated with the composer rather than the performer. This is so in the case of western classical music. Art music may include certain forms of jazz, though some feel that jazz is a form of popular music. Sacred Christian music forms an important part of the classical music tradition and repertoire, but can be considered to have an identity of its own; the term popular music refers to any musical style accessible to the general public and disseminated by the mass media. Musicologist and popular music specialist Philip Tagg defined the notion in the light of sociocultural and economical aspects: Popular music, unlike art music, is conceived for mass distribution to large and socioculturally heterogeneous groups of listeners and distributed in non-written form, only possible in an industrial monetary economy where it becomes a commodity and in capitalist societies, subject to the laws of'free' enterprise... it should ideally sell as much as possible.
Popular music is found on most commercial and public service radio stations, in most commercial music retailers and department stores, in movie and television soundtracks. It is noted on the Billboard charts and, in addition to singer-songwriters and composers, it involves music producers more than other genres do; the distinction between classical and popular music has sometimes been blurred in marginal areas such as minimalist music and light classics. Background music for films/movies draws on both traditions. In this respect, music is like fiction, which draws a distinction between literary fiction and popular fiction, not always precise. Country music known as country and western, hillbilly music, is a genre of popular music that originated in the southern United States in the early 1920s; the polka is a Czech dance and genre of dance music familiar throughout Europe and the Americas. Rock music is a broad genre of popular music that originated as "rock and roll" in the United States in the early 1950s, developed into a range of different styles in the 1960s and particular
Judgement Day (album)
Judgement Day is Esham's second studio album, released April 9, 1992. On June 6, 2006, a Judgement Day box set was issued, containing both original volumes and unreleased material. Reel Life Productions founder and Esham's brother James Smith decided that Esham should record a double album following the release of Prince's Love Symbol Album. Smith thought that if an R&B artist could record a double album, a rapper should record a double album. However, it is not the first double album in hip hop, as DJ Jazzy Jeff & The Fresh Prince released He's the DJ, I'm the Rapper, a double album in its original vinyl configuration. While the lyrical content of Judgement Day is similar to that of Esham's debut, Boomin' Words from Hell, the music features a heavier use of rock samples; the album's rock-based sound influenced rap rock artists such as Kid Rock. Judgement Day was released separately in two volumes and Night, on April 9, 1992. On June 6, 2006, a Judgement Day box set was released, featuring both original volumes remastered, two volumes of unreleased material, the exclusive album Martyr City, an illustrated booklet with a short autobiography written by Esham detailing the days of the original Judgement Day release as well as a background story for Martyr City, a live concert DVD, deluxe packaging and a Certificate of Authenticity.
Allmusic's Jason Birchmeier wrote that Judgement Day, Vol. 1 "may not be his most well-crafted work, but it stands as his most inspired work of the'90s", while Vol. 2 "isn't quite as strong as the first volume, suffering from a number of weak tracks the first volume doesn't rely quite so much on cheap shock, instead focusing on evocative horror motifs, making Judgement Day, Vol. 2 the less important of the two."
Grover Washington Jr.
Grover Washington Jr. was an American jazz-funk / soul-jazz saxophonist. Along with George Benson, John Klemmer, David Sanborn, Bob James, Chuck Mangione, Dave Grusin, Herb Alpert, Spyro Gyra, he is considered by many to be one of the founders of the smooth jazz genre, he wrote some of his material and became an arranger and producer. Throughout the 1970s and 1980s, Washington made some of the genre's most memorable hits, including "Mister Magic", "Reed Seed", "Black Frost", "Winelight", "Inner City Blues" and "The Best is Yet to Come". In addition, he performed frequently with other artists, including Bill Withers on "Just the Two of Us", Patti LaBelle on "The Best Is Yet to Come" and Phyllis Hyman on "A Sacred Kind of Love", he is remembered for his take on the Dave Brubeck classic "Take Five", for his 1996 version of "Soulful Strut". Washington had a preference for black nickel-plated saxophones made by Julius Keilwerth; these included a SX90R SX90R tenor. He played Selmer Mark VI alto in the early years.
His main soprano was a black nickel-plated H. Couf Superba II and a Keilwerth SX90 in the last years of his life. Washington was born in Buffalo, New York, on December 12, 1943, his mother was a church chorister, his father was a collector of old Jazz gramophone records and a saxophonist as well, so music was everywhere in the home. He grew up listening to the great jazzmen and big band leaders like Benny Goodman, Fletcher Henderson, others like them. At the age of 8, Grover Sr. gave Jr. a saxophone. He would sneak into clubs to see famous Buffalo blues musicians. Washington attended East High School, in New York, he graduated at 16 from East High School. Washington left Buffalo and played with a Midwest group called the Four Clefs and the Mark III Trio from Mansfield, Ohio. Shortly thereafter, he was drafted into the U. S. Army, where he met drummer Billy Cobham. A music mainstay in New York City, Cobham introduced Washington to many New York musicians. After leaving the Army, Washington freelanced his talents around New York City landing in Philadelphia in 1967.
In 1970 and 1971, he appeared on Leon Spencer's first two albums on Prestige Records, together with Idris Muhammad and Melvin Sparks. Washington's big break came at the expense of another artist. Alto sax man Hank Crawford was unable to make a recording date with Creed Taylor's Kudu Records, Washington took his place though he was a backup; this led to Inner City Blues. He was talented and displayed heart and soul with soprano, alto and baritone saxophones. Refreshing for his time, he made headway into the jazz mainstream. While his first three albums established him as a force in jazz and soul music, it was his fourth album in 1974, Mister Magic, that proved a major commercial success; the album climbed to number 10 in Billboard's Top 40 album chart and the title track reached No. 16 on the R&B singles chart. All these albums included guitarist Eric Gale as a near-permanent member in Washington's arsenal, his follow-up on Kudu in 1975, Feels So Good made No. 10 on the album chart. A string of acclaimed records brought Washington through the 1970s, culminating in the signature piece for everything he would do from on.
Winelight was the album that defined everything Washington was about, having signed for Elektra Records, part of the major Warner Music group. The album was fused with R&B and easy listening feel. Washington's love of basketball the Philadelphia 76ers, led him to dedicate the second track, "Let It Flow", to Julius Erving; the highlight of the album was his collaboration with soul artist Bill Withers, "Just the Two of Us," a huge hit on radio during the spring and summer of 1981, peaking at No. 2 on the Billboard Hot 100. The album went platinum in 1981, won Grammy Awards in 1982 for Best R&B Song, Best Jazz Fusion Performance. "Winelight" was nominated for Record of the Year and Song of the Year. In the post-Winelight era, Washington is credited for giving rise to a new batch of talent that would make its mark in the late 1980s and early 1990s, he is known for bringing Kenny G to the forefront, as well as artists such as Walter Beasley, Steve Cole, Pamela Williams, Boney James and George Howard.
His song "Mr. Magic" is noted as being influential on go-go music starting in the mid-1970s. On December 17, 1999, five days after his 56th birthday, Washington collapsed while waiting in the green room after performing four songs for The Saturday Early Show, at CBS Studios in New York City, he was taken to St. Luke's - Roosevelt Hospital, his doctors determined. He is interred at West Laurel Hill Cemetery in Pennsylvania. A large mural of Washington, part of the Philadelphia Mural Arts Program, is just south of the intersection of Broad and Diamond streets. A Philadelphia middle school in the Olney section of the city is named after Washington. Grover Washington Jr. Middle School caters to 5-8 grade students interested in the creative and performing arts. With Kathleen Battle So Many Stars With Kenny Burrell Togethering With Hank Crawford Help Me Make it Through the Night With Charles Earland Living Black! With Dexter Gordon American Classic With Urbie Green Señor Blues With Eddie Henderson Inspiration With Masaru Imada Seaside With Boogaloo Joe Jones No Way!
What It Is With The Mark III Trio Let's Ska at the Ski
The Isley Brothers
The Isley Brothers are an American musical group from Cincinnati, that started as a vocal trio consisting of brothers O'Kelly Isley Jr. Rudolph Isley and Ronald Isley; the group has been cited as having enjoyed one of the "longest, most influential, most diverse careers in the pantheon of popular music". Alongside a fourth brother, the group performed gospel music until Vernon's death a few years after its formation. After moving to the New York City area in the late 1950s, the group had modest chart successes during their early years, first coming to prominence in 1959 with their fourth single, "Shout", written by the three brothers. A modest charted single, the song sold over a million copies. Afterwards the group recorded for a variety of labels, including the top 20 single, "Twist and Shout" and the Motown single, "This Old Heart of Mine" before recording and issuing the Grammy Award-winning hit, "It's Your Thing" on their own label, T-Neck Records. Influenced by gospel and doo-wop music, the group began experimenting with different musical styles incorporating elements of rock and funk music as well as pop balladry.
The inclusion of younger brothers Ernie Isley and Marvin Isley, Rudolph's brother-in-law Chris Jasper in 1973 turned the original vocal trio into a self-contained musical band. For the next full decade, they recorded top-selling albums including The Heat Is On and Between the Sheets; the six-member lineup of the band splintered in 1983, with Ernie and Chris Jasper forming the short-lived spinoff group Isley-Jasper-Isley. Eldest member O'Kelly died in 1986 and Rudolph and Ronald released a pair of albums as a duo before Rudolph retired for life in the Christian ministry in 1989. Ronald re-formed the group two years in 1991 with Ernie and Marvin; the remaining duo of Ronald and Ernie accomplished mainstream success with the albums Mission to Please Eternal and Body Kiss, with Eternal spawning the top twenty hit, "Contagious". As of 2019, the Isley Brothers continue to perform under the lineup of Ernie; the Isley Brothers have had four Top 10 singles on the United States Billboard chart. Sixteen of their albums charted in the Top 40.
Thirteen of those albums have been either certified gold, platinum or multi-platinum by the RIAA. The brothers have been honored by several musical institutions including being inducted to the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1992. Five years they were inducted to Hollywood's Rockwalk and in 2003, were inducted to the Vocal Group Hall of Fame; the Isley Brothers came from Cincinnati and were raised at the city's Lincoln Heights suburb settling at the satellite town of Blue Ash when they were teenagers. Their father, O'Kelly Isley, Sr. a former United States Navy sailor and vaudeville performer from Durham, North Carolina, Georgia-reared mother Sallye, guided the elder four Isley boys in their singing while at church. Patterning themselves after groups such as Billy Ward and his Dominoes and the Dixie Hummingbirds, the brothers began performing together in 1954, they landed a spot on Ted Mack's Amateur Hour where they won the competition, winning a watch. With Vernon on lead vocals, the quartet soon began touring all over the eastern US regions performing in a variety of churches.
When Vernon was thirteen, he was killed after a car struck him as he was riding his bike in his neighborhood. Devastated, the remaining trio disbanded. Convinced to regroup, the brothers decided to record popular music and left Cincinnati for New York in 1957 with their parents' blessings. With Ronnie assuming the lead vocal position in the group, the group got into contact with Richard Barrett, who soon had the group in contact with a variety of New York record producers, they had their first records produced by George Goldner, who recorded the group's first songs, including "Angels Cried" and "The Cow Jumped Over the Moon" for the Teenage and Mark X imprints. The songs were only regional hits, however. By 1959, the group landed a recording deal with RCA Records; that year, mixing their brand of gospel vocalizing and doo-wop harmonies, the group recorded their first composition together, "Shout", a song devised from a Washington, D. C. club performance in which the brothers had covered Jackie Wilson's "Lonely Teardrops".
The original version of the song peaked at 47 on the Billboard Hot 100 and never reached the R&B chart. It sold over one million copies, was awarded a gold disc by the RIAA. Follow-up recordings on RCA failed to chart and the brothers left the label in 1961 signing with Scepter Records. In 1962, the brothers scored their first top 40 hit with the Bert Berns song "Twist and Shout", which reached number 17 on the Hot 100 and number 2 R&B, staying on the charts for 19 weeks; the song had been produced by Berns for the brothers to teach then-struggling producer Phil Spector how to produce a hit. Moving their entire operations to New Jersey, the brothers continued to struggle with recordings forming T-Neck Records in 1964. During that same time period, Jimi Hendrix began playing lead guitar for the brothers' band. Bringing Hendrix with them in the studio, they recorded the song "Testify". On, Hendrix contributed guitar to another Isleys single, "Move On Over and Let Me Dance", recorded for T-Neck through distribution with Atlantic Records.
After neither song charted and Hendrix left them for good in 1965, the brothers signed with Motown Records. Earlier the following year, the group had their second top 40 hit single with "This Old Heart of Mine (I