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Double-A (baseball)

Double-A is the second highest level of play in Minor League Baseball in the United States after Triple-A. There are thirty Double-A teams in three leagues at this classification: Eastern League, Southern League, the Texas League; the modern Double-A classification was created in 1946 with the renaming of Class A1, which contained the Texas League and the Southern Association. After the Southern Association disbanded in 1961, the Eastern League and the original South Atlantic "Sally" League were bumped up to Double-A in the 1963 minor league reorganization; the SAL changed its name to the Southern League in 1964. The Double-A classification hosts developing players that have been part of professional baseball for only a couple of years; these players can get to the Double-A level by earning a promotion from any of the Single-A or Rookie leagues. Players advance directly to the majors from this level, as the level of competition is higher; because they are still advancing in their careers, the average talent level of Double-A may be higher than in Triple-A, which has minor and major league veterans who have been in the minor league system for a longer period of time and may have stagnated.

A small handful of players might be placed in Double-A to start veterans from foreign leagues or top prospects out of college. The step up to the Double-A level can be one of the hardest promotions for such players because it is the level at which pitchers need to have a good off-speed pitch in their repertoire. In addition, it is the level where fastball-only hitters need to learn how to hit off-speed pitches, or their hopes of advancing to the majors will diminish. Major League teams sometimes send players to play at the Double-A level to rehabilitate from injuries; because players are not moving back and forth from the Major Leagues at this level, the rosters tend to be more stable. Fans of Double-A teams have a longer amount of time to get acquainted with the players, which helps create a better relationship between the team and its fans. Unlike the major league and the Triple-A level, all three Double-A leagues have their season divided into two parts, after the Eastern League announced that it would move to that system starting in 2019.

One team may clinch a spot in the playoffs by winning the division in first half of the season. The teams' records are cleared and another team will clinch a playoff slot during the second half. Wild cards are used to fill out the remaining teams. Four teams qualify for the league playoffs; this system is used at the Class A level as well. As a part of professional baseball's pace-of-play initiatives implemented in 2015, 20-second pitch clocks entered use at Double-A stadiums in 2015. In 2018, the time was shortened to 15 seconds. Other significant changes implemented in 2018 include beginning extra innings with a runner on second base and limiting teams to eight mound visits during a nine-inning game. Beginning in 2019, the number of mound visits is reduced to seven, pitchers are required to face a minimum of three consecutive batters until the side is retired or the pitcher becomes injured and is unable to continue playing. Eastern League official website Southern League official website Texas League official website


SigSpec is an acronym of "SIGnificance SPECtrum" and addresses a statistical technique to provide the reliability of periodicities in a measured time series. It relies on the amplitude spectrum obtained by the Discrete Fourier transform and assigns a quantity called the spectral significance to each amplitude; this quantity is a logarithmic measure of the probability that the given amplitude level is due to white noise, in the sense of a type I error. It represents the answer to the question, “What would be the chance to obtain an amplitude like the measured one or higher, if the analysed time series were random?” SigSpec may be considered a formal extension to the Lomb-Scargle periodogram, appropriately incorporating a time series to be averaged to zero before applying the DFT, done in many practical applications. When a zero-mean corrected dataset has to be statistically compared to a random sample, the sample mean has to be zero. Considering a time series to be represented by a set of K pairs, the amplitude pdf of white noise in Fourier space, depending on frequency and phase angle may be described in terms of three parameters, α 0, β 0, θ 0, defining the “sampling profile”, according to tan ⁡ 2 θ 0 = K ∑ k = 0 K − 1 sin ⁡ 2 ω t k − 2 K ∑ k = 0 K − 1 cos ⁡ 2 ω t k − 2 + 2, α 0 = 2 K 2, β 0 = 2 K 2 ( K ∑ k = 0 K − 1 sin 2 ⁡ − [ ∑ l = 0 K − 1 sin ⁡


Trad. Attack! is an Estonian band. The band consists of Sandra Vabarna, Jalmar Vabarna, Tõnu Tubli, they perform in Estonian. The group started to perform in 2013; the original idea was to form a group performing Estonian folk music, inspired by old traditional folk music and the music of today. Trad. Attack! Uses voices from archive recordings as head vocals and composes it with their own original music, rock and electronical music. Trad. Attack!’s goal is to perform in every country in the world. Within four years Trad. Attack! has played in 37 countries. The band has played at many prestigious showcase-festivals including Tallinn Music Week, Folk Alliance, V-ROX, Sound of the Xity and Strawberry Festival, Minas Musica Mundo, WOMEX World Music Expo, Trans Musicales Festival, Womad Chile Festival, Summerfolk Music and Crafts Festival, the Woodford Folk Festival. Trad. Attack! is the winner of: Estonian pop music award "Golden Album 2018" – Most Sold Band CD of the Year & Most Sold Vinyl of the Year in Estonia Estonian Music Awards 2018 – Ethno/Folk Album and Band of The Year Estonian Ethno Music Awards 2017 – Album and Song of The Year Estonian Ethno Music Awards 2016 – Best Band Estonian Music Awards 2016, – Best Band, Best Album, Best Ethno/Folk Album Estonian Ethno Music Awards 2015 – Best Band, Best Album and Best Song Estonian Music Awards 2015 – Ethno/Folk album and Music Video of the year Estonian Ethno Music Awards 2014 – Best Band, Best Album, Best Song, Best Newcomer Radio 2 special award Sandra Vabarna – torupill, Jew's harp, whistles Jalmar Vabarna – guitar, vocals Tõnu Tubli – drums, vocals Albums AH!

Kullakarva Make Your Move Extended plays Trad. Attack! Official website

Dusri Bivi

Dusri Bivi is a Pakistani drama serial directed by Anjum Shahzad, written by Samina Ejaz, produced by the lead actor Fahad Mustafa and Dr. Ali Kazmi under a production banner called BigBangEntertainment; the drama stars Fahad Mustafa, Hareem Farooq and Maha Warsi in the lead roles alongside Ahmed Ali, Shehryar Zaidi, Amber Khan, Fatima, Ali Kazmi and Zara Gull. The drama had its initial episode on 1 December 2014 on ARY Digital. During production of the drama they used the working title Poora Chand Adhoora Hai. Season 2 of dusri bivi is coming from August where Hassan marry another woman whom he meets while going for a business trip. Hassan again hid the truth from 2nd wife; the story continues with war for justice and equality...... Dusri Bivi is a romantic love triangle. A hardworking man hassan Fahad Mustafa, living a married life with his wife ayesha Hareem Farooq and their daughter saman, it was. Who knew that they became life partners. Although he was a loyal and a hard working husband... Falling in love was their fate.

Since the War for Love has Continued...! Fahad Mustafa as Hassan Hareem Farooq as Ayesha Maha Warsi as Farah Ahmed Ali Akbar as Aamir Shehriyar Zaidi as Farah's Father Amber Khan as Farah's Mother Maham Amir as Fouzia/Bajo Fatima as Saman Dr. Ali Kazmi as Ahmed Zara Gull as Ayesha's Sister In Law The drama's soundtrack is composed and sung by Ahmed Jahanzaib. Fahad Mustafa announced that this drama would be his "last television commitment for some time". Official website Dusri Bivi on Facebook

List of terrorist incidents in 1998

This is a timeline of incidents in 1998 that have been labelled as "terrorism" and are not believed to have been carried out by a government or its forces. To be included, entries must be notable and described by a consensus of reliable sources as "terrorism". List entries must comply with the guidelines outlined in the manual of style under MOS:TERRORIST. Casualty figures in this list are the total casualties of the incident including immediate casualties and casualties. Casualties listed are the victims. Perpetrator casualties are listed separately. Casualty totals may be unavailable due to a lack of information. A figure with a plus sign indicates that at least that many people have died – the actual toll could be higher. A figure with a plus sign may indicate that over that number of people are victims. If casualty figures are 20 or more, they will be shown in bold. In addition, figures for casualties more than 50 will be underlined. Incidents are limited to one per location per day. If multiple attacks occur in the same place on the same day, they will be merged into a single incident.

In addition to the guidelines above, the table includes the following categories: List of terrorist incidents

Manual fire alarm activation

Manual fire alarm activation is achieved through the use of a pull station or call point, which sounds the evacuation alarm for the relevant building or zone. Manual fire alarm activation requires human intervention, as distinct from automatic fire alarm activation such as that provided through the use of heat detectors and smoke detectors, it is, possible for call points/pull stations to be used in conjunction with automatic detection as part of an overall fire detection and alarm system. Systems in completed buildings tend to include a control panel. Systems for use during construction can be wireless or mechanical, however it is recommended by the Structural Timber Association in the UK that for timber-framed constructions, interconnecting wireless systems be used. A fire alarm pull station is an active fire protection device wall-mounted, when activated, initiates an alarm on a fire alarm system. In its simplest form, the user activates the alarm by pulling the handle down, which completes a circuit and locks the handle in the activated position, sending an alarm to the fire alarm control panel.

After operation, most fire alarm pull stations must be restored to the ready position using a special tool or key in order for the panel to be reset. Primitive manual stations, requiring only a single action or hand motion to activate, can be subject to unwanted activation by jarring or accidental contact. Early strategies to cope with this problem included requiring the operator to break a pane of glass to release an internal spring-operated mechanism. Manual pull stations that require two hand motions, such as lift up and pull down, or push in and pull down, have since replaced the break-glass and single-action models in many modern installations. In the past, pull stations controlled the entire system; these coded pull stations were much bigger than modern had a code wheel in them. They had a gear mechanism, wound up when the station was pulled, the handle did not stay down; the gears would turn a small wheel with a specific number of teeth. The teeth would push up on a contact, which would open and close a circuit, pulsing the code to the bells or horns.

This code was used by building security to determine. For example, consider a pull station in the fourth floor elevator lobby of an office building with a code of 5-3-1; when the station was pulled, the security officers in the building would look up 5-3-1 in a master list of codes. After finding the location of the pull, they would check to see. If there was, they would call the fire department. System tests could be conducted in one of two ways: In a coded pull station, there is either a test hole on the front or a test switch on the inside. Turning the switch one way causes the notification appliances to sound continuously. Turning it the other way and activating the pull allows a silent test to be done in which the station's mechanical parts are checked to ensure proper function. Once pulled, the station would do at least four rounds of code before resetting itself. Coded pulls were used in new fire alarm systems until the 1950s, occasionally into the 1970s; until the early 1990s, some panels were made with an extra zone to accommodate any existing coded pull stations.

Nowadays, coded pull stations are rare and never seen in working fire alarm systems. Many modern fire alarm pull stations are single action and only require the user to pull down the handle to sound the alarm. Other fire alarm pull stations are dual-action, as such require the user to perform a second task before pulling down, such as lifting up or pushing in a panel on the station or shattering a glass panel with an attached hammer; the most recognizable pull station is the "T-bar"-style pull station, so named because the handle is shaped like the letter "T". This style is manufactured by many companies, most notably SimplexGrinnell. Resetting a fire alarm pull station after it has been operated requires building personnel or emergency responders to open the station using a key, either a hex key or a more traditional key. Opening the station causes the handle to go back to its original position, allowing the alarm to be reset from the fire alarm control panel after the station has been closed.

In some places at college dormitories and schools, students set off fire alarms as a prank or because they want to. These false alarms can convey a risk to alarm fatigue if they occur causing occupants to dismiss the importance of alarms or ignore them completely. In areas where false alarms are a recurring problem, pull stations may be covered with a clear plastic cover that will cause people to notice the person by sounding an alarm when tinkered with or opened, creating focus on the fire alarm; because of these and other issues, setting off a fire alarm when there is no fire or other emergency is illegal in most jurisdictions. In Europe, New Zealand, parts of Canada and Asia, pull stations are not used, they are used to allow building occupants to signal that a fire or other emergency exists within the building. When activated they will raise a plastic flag out of the top to tell, they are connec