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Double-double (basketball)

In basketball, a double-double or triple-double is when a player accumulates ten or more in two or three of five statistical categories—points, assists and blocked shots—in a single game. A double-double is when a player records ten or more in two of the five statistics, a triple-double is a double-digit total in three of the five. A quadruple-double is when a player reaches double figures in four of the five, a quintuple-double is a double-digit total in all five categories in a game; these achievements are much more difficult to obtain. Only four quadruple doubles have occurred in the NBA, while three quintuple-doubles have been recorded at the high school level—by Tamika Catchings, Alex Montgomery, Aimee Oertner—none have occurred in a college or professional game in the United States. A similar accomplishment is the five-by-five, the accumulation of at least five points, five rebounds, five assists, five steals, five blocks in a game. In the NBA, only Hakeem Olajuwon and Andrei Kirilenko have accumulated multiple five-by-fives since the 1984–85 season.

A double-double is a performance in which a player accumulates a double-digit number total in two of five statistical categories—points, assists and blocked shots—in a game. The most common double-double combination rebounds, followed by points and assists. During the 2008–09 NBA season, 69 players who were eligible for leadership in the main statistical categories recorded at least 10 double-doubles during the season. Since the 1983–84 season, Tim Duncan leads the National Basketball Association in the points–rebounds combination with 841 double-doubles, John Stockton leads the points–assists combination with 714, Russell Westbrook leads the rebounds–assists combinations with 142. Tim Duncan holds the record for most total career double-doubles in the NBA, having recorded 841. Special double-doubles are rare. One such achievement is sometimes called a 20–20, double double-double or double-20, when a player accumulates 20 or more in two statistics in a game. Another similar feat is a 30–30; the only player in NBA history to record a 40–40 is Wilt Chamberlain, who achieved the feat eight times in his career, four of which were in his rookie season.

Longest continuous streak of double-doubles: According to the Elias Sports Bureau, Wilt Chamberlain holds the record with 227 consecutive double-doubles from 1964 to 1967. Chamberlain holds the second- and third-longest continuous streaks of double-doubles with 220 and 133; this record is before the ABA–NBA merger in 1976. The longest streak of double-doubles since the merger was 53 games, achieved by Kevin Love of the Minnesota Timberwolves. Youngest player: Tracy McGrady, aged 18 years and 175 days, logged a double-double on November 15, 1997, versus the Indiana Pacers, he had 10 points and 11 rebounds. Oldest player: Dikembe Mutombo, aged 42 years and 289 days, logged a double-double on April 10, 2009, versus the Golden State Warriors, he had 15 rebounds. A triple-double is defined as a performance in which a player accumulates a double-digit number total in three of five statistical categories—points, assists and blocked shots—in a game; the most common way for a player to achieve a triple-double is with points and assists, though on occasion players may record 10 or more steals or blocked shots in a game.

The origin of the term "triple-double" is unclear. Some sources claim that it was coined in the NBA by former Los Angeles Lakers public relations director Bruce Jolesch in the 1980s in order to showcase Magic Johnson's versatility, while others claim that it was coined by Philadelphia 76ers media relations director Harvey Pollack in 1980; the triple-double became an recorded statistic in the NBA during the 1979–80 season. That season, there were 32 triple-doubles, 12 more than the previous season. From the 1979–80 to the 1990–91 season, the NBA recorded a total of 543 triple-doubles, or 45.25 triple-doubles per season. This can be attributed to Magic Johnson, responsible for 137 of this time-span's triple-doubles, or about 25.23% of them. After Johnson retired in 1991, the number of triple-doubles in the league declined. From the 1991–92 to the 2014–15 season, there were only 841 triple-doubles, or about 35.04 triple-doubles per season. Jason Kidd recorded the most triple-doubles in this timespan with 107, 68 more than second placed LeBron James.

However, in the 2015–16 season, the number of triple-doubles recorded in the NBA grew from 46 to 75. From the 2016–17 to the 2018–19 season, the NBA recorded 352 triple doubles, 117.33 triple-doubles per season. Over those three years, Russell Westbrook recorded 101 triple-doubles—28.69% of all triple-doubles in that timespan. There has been occasional controversy surrounding triple-doubles made when a player achieves the feat with a late rebound. Players with nine rebounds in a game have sometimes been accused of deliberately missing a shot late in the game in order to recover the rebound. To deter this, NBA rules allow rebounds to be nullified if the shot is determined not to be a legitimate scoring attempt. Oscar Robertson leads the all-time NBA list for career triple-doubles with 181 and is, along with Russell Westbrook, one of only two players to average a triple-double for a season. Westbrook holds the record for most triple-doubles in a season with 42 and is the only player to average a triple-double for three consecutive seasons.

The following is a list of triple-double leaders: First triple-double in league history: Andy Phillip (Phi

Pola Island

Pola Island is an island off the shores of Vatia on Tutuila Island in American Samoa. It is known as Cockscomb. Pola Island is one of the most popular attractions in National Park of American Samoa, it has become a landmark and an icon for Vatia. Pola Island has been named one of American Samoa's Seven National Wonders by the Pago Pages, it has been named "the most beautiful natural feature of Tutuila Island” by travel guide publisher Lonely Planet. The island has 394 feet high cliffs populated by seabirds. Pola Island has been described as American Samoa's “top seabird nesting site.” Pola Island and nearby Pola'uta Ridge are American Samoa's most important nesting and roosting areas for several seabird species. The only breeding colonies of Red-footed boobies in American Samoa are Rose Atoll and Pola Island including nearby Pola'uta Ridge; the island is separated from land by the Vai'ava Strait. Vai'ava Strait National Natural Landmark makes up 250 acres and is the only U. S. National Natural Landmark in American Samoa, part of the National Park of American Samoa.

Passing east through the town of Vatia, the road ends at the Pola Island trailhead. A short path leads to a large cobblestone beach. Two sea arches are visible from the base of the cliffs extending into the ocean. Pola Scenic Point is located on the road into Vatia village; this observation site overlooks the Vai'ava Strait National Natural Landmark. Pola Island is a prominent basalt sea stack with scenic forest-covered headlands, it is an important nesting place for at least eight seabird species. All of Pola Island and the eastern parts of Polauta Ridge contain undisturbed forest; the rainfall in the area is from 149 to 252 inches annually. The temperature is around 71-73 degrees Fahrenheit. According to the late High Orator Nanai Afuola Kalasa, the most senior chief authority, the island is directly linked to a legend about the village's creation. A couple sailed westward from the Manu'a Islands with their daughter, with the hopes of reaching Upolu Island. A few days they struggled with rough seas and the raft gave up on them.

All the three mutated into rocks. The couple was Pola, while the daughter was Faleofia; these rock forms are named after this couple. Uta translates to “closer to land”, Pola'uta is the name of the ridge on the opposite side of the strait. “Tai” translates to “further from land”, Pola Tai is a name used for Pola Island. The Pola region of Vatia is the most important roosting and nesting sites in American Samoa for numerous species of seabirds; some bird species here include: Red-footed booby Brown booby Greater frigatebird Lesser frigatebird Brown noddy Black noddy Blue-gray noddy Gray-backed Tern Bridled terns are rare visitors in American Samoa, they have been recorded at Pola Island. Pola Island is the primary breeding area for frigatebirds on Tutuila Island. Hunting of Brown boobies, known as A'ega o le Pola, was a tradition in the past. However, the birds were over-hunted due to the use of shotguns and remained gone from the Pola area until recently; the eggs from Brown boobies were considered a delicacy for nearby Vatia residents.

Erosion by the sea has sculpted the cliffs and sea arches in the rocks of the huge volcanic plug known as Pola Island. The rock formations of Pola Island resemble a dinosaur tail jutting 3,500 feet out into the sea, it is a sharp igneous basaltic outcrop. Passing east through the village of Vatia, the Pola Island trailhead is located at the end of the road; the trailhead is beyond the school, a short trail leads into the National Park. The trail ends at a rocky cliff. There is no access to the island itself. North Shore Tours offer boat tours to Pola Island, the most photographed site on Tutuila Island

Gordon Coleman

Gordon Michael Coleman is an English former professional footballer who played as a midfielder. He began his career with Preston North End, remaining with the club for ten years and making over 300 appearances in all competitions before joining Bury in 1983, he spent one season with Bury and played for Morecambe before retiring from football. Born in Nottingham, Coleman was keen on several sports as a child, he represented the county of Nottingham at cricket and played youth football until the age of 11, when he moved to a local grammar school where they only played rugby. He returned to playing football at the age of 16, joining local team Padstow Youth Club. Having achieved 7 O levels and 2 A levels at school, Coleman was set to attend a teacher training college but was recommended to Peter Robinson, the chief scout at Preston North End, by Tommy Capel, he attended a week-long training camp at the club, living in a local hostel during his stay, impressed enough to remain with the club for six weeks before being offered a one-year contract by manager Bobby Charlton.

He moved to Preston, sharing a house with teammate Eric Snookes, playing in two reserve team matches before being handed his professional debut during a 2–0 victory over West Bromwich Albion on 1 October 1973. Coleman established himself in the first team, helping the club win promotion from Division Three during the 1977–78 season, played in every outfield position for the club during his time at Deepdale. In 1982, he scored the winning goal during a 2–1 victory over Preston's West Lancashire rivals Blackpool in the second round of the FA Cup while sitting down in the opposition penalty area. Having fallen to the ground during an attack, Coleman headed the ball while sitting down, sending the ball over the head of defender Terry Pashley to win the match. In August 1983, Coleman left Preston after making over 300 appearances for the club in all competitions, having lost his place in the first-team due to injury, he instead joined Bury. During the final years of his playing career, Coleman completed a degree in Social Psychology, was employed by Wigan Metropolitan Borough Council following his retirement from playing.

He returned to Nottingham 18 months to become the manager of a local leisure centre, working towards a master's degree in business from Nottingham Trent University in his spare time. He returned to football, spending five years working for the Professional Footballers' Association before working for Nottingham Forest