A playing card is a piece of specially prepared heavy paper, thin cardboard, plastic-coated paper, cotton-paper blend, or thin plastic, marked with distinguishing motifs and used as one of a set for playing card games, performing magic tricks and flourishes, for cardistry, in card throwing. Playing cards are palm-sized for convenient handling, are sold together as a deck of cards or pack of cards. Playing cards were first invented in China during the Tang dynasty. Playing cards may have been invented during the Tang dynasty around the 9th century AD as a result of the usage of woodblock printing technology; the first possible reference to card games comes from a 9th-century text known as the Collection of Miscellanea at Duyang, written by Tang dynasty writer Su E. It describes Princess Tongchang, daughter of Emperor Yizong of Tang, playing the "leaf game" in 868 with members of the Wei clan, the family of the princess' husband; the first known book on the "leaf" game was called the Yezi Gexi and written by a Tang woman.
It received commentary by writers of subsequent dynasties. The Song dynasty scholar Ouyang Xiu asserts that the "leaf" game existed at least since the mid-Tang dynasty and associated its invention with the development of printed sheets as a writing medium. However, Ouyang claims that the "leaves" were pages of a book used in a board game played with dice, that the rules of the game were lost by 1067. Other games revolving around alcoholic drinking involved using playing cards of a sort from the Tang dynasty onward. However, these cards did not contain numbers. Instead, they were printed with forfeits for whomever drew them; the earliest dated instance of a game involving cards with suits and numerals occurred on 17 July 1294 when "Yan Sengzhu and Zheng Pig-Dog were caught playing cards and that wood blocks for printing them had been impounded, together with nine of the actual cards."William Henry Wilkinson suggests that the first cards may have been actual paper currency which doubled as both the tools of gaming and the stakes being played for, similar to trading card games.
Using paper money was inconvenient and risky so they were substituted by play money known as "money cards". One of the earliest games in which we know the rules is madiao, a trick-taking game, which dates to the Ming Dynasty. 15th-century scholar Lu Rong described it is as being played with 38 "money cards" divided into four suits: 9 in coins, 9 in strings of coins, 9 in myriads, 11 in tens of myriads. The two latter suits had Water Margin characters instead of pips on them with Chinese characters to mark their rank and suit; the suit of coins is in reverse order with 9 of coins being the lowest going up to 1 of coins as the high card. Despite the wide variety of patterns, the suits show a uniformity of structure; every suit contains twelve cards with the top two being the court cards of king and vizier and the bottom ten being pip cards. Half the suits use reverse ranking for their pip cards. There are many motifs for the suit pips but some include coins, clubs and swords which resemble Mamluk and Latin suits.
Michael Dummett speculated that Mamluk cards may have descended from an earlier deck which consisted of 48 cards divided into four suits each with ten pip cards and two court cards. By the 11th century, playing cards were spreading throughout the Asian continent and came into Egypt; the oldest surviving cards in the world are four fragments found in the Keir Collection and one in the Benaki Museum. They are dated to the 13th centuries. A near complete pack of Mamluk playing cards dating to the 15th century and of similar appearance to the fragments above was discovered by Leo Aryeh Mayer in the Topkapı Palace, Istanbul, in 1939, it is not a complete set and is composed of three different packs to replace missing cards. The Topkapı pack contained 52 cards comprising four suits: polo-sticks, coins and cups; each suit contained ten pip cards and three court cards, called malik, nā'ib malik, thānī nā'ib. The thānī nā ` ib is a non-existent title. In fact, the word "Kanjifah" appears in Arabic on the king of swords and is still used in parts of the Middle East to describe modern playing cards.
Influence from further east can explain why the Mamluks, most of whom were Central Asian Turkic Kipchaks, called their cups tuman which means myriad in Turkic and Jurchen languages. Wilkinson postulated that the cups may have been derived from inverting the Chinese and Jurchen ideogram for myriad; the Mamluk court cards showed abstract designs or calligraphy not depicting persons due to religious proscription in Sunni Islam, though they did bear the ranks on the cards. Nā'ib would be borrowed into French and Spanish, the latter word still in common usage. Panels on the pip cards in two suits show they had a reverse ranking, a feature found in madiao and old European card games like ombre and maw. A fragment of two uncut sheets of Moorish-styled cards of a similar but plainer style were found in Spain and dated to the early 15th century. Export of these cards, ceased after the fall of the Mamluks in the 16th century; the rules to play these games are lost but they are believed to be plain trick games without trumps.
Four-suited playing cards ar
Arrow (TV series)
Arrow is an American superhero television series developed by writer/producers Greg Berlanti, Marc Guggenheim, Andrew Kreisberg, based on the DC Comics character Green Arrow. The series premiered in the United States on The CW on October 10, 2012, with international broadcasting taking place in late 2012. Filmed in Vancouver, British Columbia, Arrow follows billionaire playboy Oliver Queen, five years after being stranded on a hostile island, returns home to fight crime and corruption as a secret vigilante whose weapon of choice is a bow and arrow; the series takes a new look at the Green Arrow character, as well as other characters from the DC Comics universe. Although Oliver Queen/Green Arrow had been featured in the television series Smallville from 2006 to 2011, on the CW, the producers decided to start clean and find a new actor to portray the character. Arrow focuses on the humanity of Oliver Queen, how he was changed by time spent shipwrecked on an island. Most episodes in the first five seasons have flashback scenes to the five years in which Oliver was missing.
After Oliver's flashback arc is completed, episodes starting during season seven, have flash-forward scenes twenty years ahead focus on Oliver's unknown son William and aged protégé Roy Harper, exploring Green Arrow's legacy through them. Arrow has received positive reviews from critics; the series averaged about 3.68 million viewers over the course of the first season and received several awards and multiple nominations. To promote it, a preview comic book was released before the television series began, while webisodes featuring a product tie-in with Bose were developed for the second season; the first six seasons are available on DVD and Blu-ray in regions 1, 2 and 4. In October 2014, a spin-off series entitled The Flash premiered. In August 2015, an animated spin-off, was released, while a second live-action spin-off, Legends of Tomorrow, premiered in January 2016, featuring several characters from Arrow and The Flash. All four shows are set in a shared universe collectively known as the Arrowverse.
The seventh season premiered on October 15, 2018. In January 2019, The CW renewed the series for an eighth season. In March, it was announced this would serve as the final season of the series, with an abbreviated ten-episode order; the series follows Oliver Queen, billionaire playboy of Starling City, discovered on the mysterious island of Lian Yu five years after he and his father were shipwrecked. Upon his return to Starling City, he is reunited with his mother, Moira Queen, his sister, Thea Queen, his friends, Tommy Merlyn and Laurel Lance. In the first season, Oliver rekindles relationships and spends nights as a hooded vigilante hunting wealthy criminals listed in his father's notebook, he uncovers Malcolm Merlyn's plot to destroy "The Glades", a poorer, crime-ridden section of the city. John Diggle and Felicity Smoak assist Oliver's crusade. Oliver reconnects with old flame Dinah Laurel Lance, who blames him for her sister's death; the season features flashbacks to Oliver's first year on the island, how it changed him, while trying to stop a mercenary force targeting the Chinese economy.
In season two, Oliver has vowed to stop killing criminals. His family and allies are attacked by Slade Wilson, a man from Oliver's time on the island who returns to destroy his life. Oliver accepts aspiring vigilante Roy Harper as his protégé, gains assistance from Laurel's father, Quentin. Oliver teams with a woman in black, revealed to be Laurel's sister, who survived the shipwreck. Flashbacks depict Oliver's continued time on the island with Slade and the archer Shado, along with the origins of his feud with Slade. In season three, Oliver's company Queen Consolidated is sold to businessman and aspiring hero Ray Palmer. After Sara is found murdered, Oliver becomes embroiled in a conflict with Ra's al Ghul, he struggles to reconnect with his sister, who knows Malcolm is her father, Laurel sets out to follow Sara as the Black Canary. Meanwhile, Diggle struggles as a family man and Felicity becomes Vice President of Palmer Technologies. In flashbacks, Oliver is forced to work for A. R. G. U. S. Leader Amanda Waller in Hong Kong.
In season four, Oliver ends a short retirement and becomes the "Green Arrow". His team fights the terrorist group H. I. V. E. Headed by the mystically enhanced Damien Darhk, attacking Star City. Diggle discovers his brother Andy is alive and a H. I. V. E. Soldier. Oliver's life as a vigilante and with Felicity are complicated by his mayoral run and the discovery of his son. Laurel dies in a fight with Damien, Oliver discovers his plan to detonate nuclear weapons and rule the Earth's remains. In flashbacks, Oliver returns to Lian Yu to infiltrate Shadowspire for Waller, encounters a mystical idol used by Darhk in the present-day narrative. In season five, Oliver trains young heroes Wild Dog, Mister Terrific and Ragman to join his war on crime following Laurel's death and Thea's resignation, he recruits a new Black Canary. Oliver tries to balance vigilantism with his new role as mayor, yet is threatened by the mysterious and deadly Prometheus, who has a connection to Oliver's past. Oliver is forced to contend with Prometheus' ally Black Siren, a twisted doppelganger of Laurel Lance with a sonic scream.
In flashbacks, Oliver joins the Bratva in Ru
King Shark is a fictional supervillain appearing in comic books published by DC Comics. The character was made a brief cameo in Superboy vol. 3, #0 before making his first full appearance in Superboy vol. 3, #9. King Shark appears on the Arrowverse television series The Flash with Dan Payne portraying the character in its human form, while David Hayter voices the CGI shark form. Born in Hawaii, Nanaue is a humanoid shark, his father is "The King of All Sharks"—also known as the Shark God. There were some doubts surrounding his origins, as other characters, such as special agent Sam Makoa, dismissed his origins as superstition and referred to Nanaue as a "savage mutation" and it was implied that he was one of the "Wild Men", evolved animals based on those in Kamandi: The Last Boy on Earth, but the now-ended Aquaman: Sword of Atlantis series put an end to the controversy by establishing him as the Shark God's son. King Shark was responsible for a number of missing persons several years before Superboy arrived in Hawaii.
Sam Makoa bore the scars to prove it. King Shark is freed by the Silicon Dragons. Nanaue kills his liberators before heading to his mother's house, his mother allows him to bite her arm off to feed. Superboy managed to take him down with his heat vision; when Superboy and Makoa were assigned to the Suicide Squad to destroy the Silicon Dragons, King Shark was forced to help. An explosive belt was strapped to his waist, set to detonate. Other members of the Squad included Squad veterans Deadshot and Captain Boomerang. Nanuae was a crazed fighting machine. Despite the belt detonating, King Shark survived the destruction of the lair. After a research team sent to investigate the lair's remains went missing, King Shark was suspected, but it turned out to be Black Manta. King Shark fought Superboy. King Shark turned up in the Wild Lands and fought Superboy and his allies. After a fierce battle, he was assumed killed, but no body was recovered, he joined Manchester Black's Legion of Villains in the "Ending Battle".
He turned up in Metropolis and attacked Jimmy Olsen. Superman took him down, knocking most of his teeth out. In all of his previous appearances he spoke, but during this issue he was verbose, he was smaller and a long way from the water. King Shark made an appearance during the Joker's Last Laugh riot with Orca. King Shark is recruited into Alexander Luthor's Secret Society of Super Villains and is one of the many sent to attack Sub Diego. During the battle he kills Neptune Perkins. Nanaue reappears one year after the Infinite Crisis, bearing a scar from a previous encounter with Aquaman, he is more talkative than in previous appearances. His origin has been given as him being the son of the Shark God, due to the new Aquaman book being more magic-based than previous incarnations, he is a major character in the series, acting as an unwilling caretaker for Arthur Joseph Curry. Saved from a gang of marauders by the young man, he brought Curry to the mysterious Dweller in the Depths who gave him the role of assisting the new Aquaman in filling his role.
Albeit feigning disrespect, disappearing for a while, King Shark accepted, sharing his knowledge of the way of sea with his young savior. It is revealed in a flashback sequence that he was asked to do so by his father: "The currents of destiny bend and twist around that young man. For good or ill, he will shape the coming oceanscape. You will protect him. You will be my agent in his camp. Close enough to guard against others who seek to control him, and close enough, when I decide the time is ripe...... to strike, kill him without warning". The following arc tells the first meeting between the original Aquaman and King Shark, which occurred several years ago, it took place in a little border town in the Coral Sea, distant from Atlantis. Orin —, still the King of Atlantis at this time — fought King Shark because he murdered a priest of the Order of the Thorny Crown. King Shark had killed a number of members of this group, obeying his father's will; the Order was associated with an old prophecy: "When thorned crown lies shattered, she comes.
Born of coral, of life-in-death, of long prayer. Shake the sea floor with her power, shall she, shake the destiny of all beneath the waves..." The Shark God believed that if the Order was destroyed, that would trigger the prophecy, birthing some great power in the process. However, King Shark was defeated by Aquaman before completing his father's goal, he was imprisoned by priests of the Thorny Crown for three years before escaping. Following the Final Crisis, King Shark's jaw is broken after being cleaved wide open and his left arm is ripped off his body during battle, but grew back. King Shark is among Superboy's villains brought by Krypto to a hill near the Smallville high school. However, he is either stunned at the time. Most he has joined the Secret Six as a brawler, his tenure with the Six proves to be short-lived, as the team is soon captured by a large group of superheroes during a failed mission in Gotham City. King Shark manages to overpower his old foe Superboy during the battle, but is pummeled into unconsciousness by Supergirl.
In September 2011, The New 52 reb
Mark Waid is an American comic book writer, known for his work on titles for DC Comics such as The Flash, Kingdom Come and Superman: Birthright, for his work on Captain America, Fantastic Four, Daredevil for Marvel Comics. From August 2007 to December 2010, Waid served as Editor-in-Chief, Chief Creative Officer of Boom! Studios, where he wrote titles such as Irredeemable and The Traveler. Waid was born in Alabama, he has stated that his comics work was influenced by Adventure Comics #369–370, the two-part "Legion of Super-Heroes" story by Jim Shooter and Mort Weisinger that introduced the villain Mordru, was "a blueprint for everything I write." Waid entered the comics field during the mid-1980s as an editor and writer on Fantagraphics Books' comic book fan magazine, Amazing Heroes. Waid's first comic book story "The Puzzle of the Purloined Fortress", an eight-page Superman story, was published in Action Comics #572. In 1987, Waid was hired as an editor for DC Comics where he worked on such titles as Action Comics, Doom Patrol, Inc.
Legion of Super-Heroes, Secret Origins, Wonder Woman, as well as various one-shots including Batman: Gotham by Gaslight. With Gotham by Gaslight, in tandem with writer Brian Augustyn, Waid co-created DC's "Elseworlds" franchise. In 1989 Waid left editorial work for freelance writing assignments, he worked for DC's short-lived Impact Comics line where he wrote The Comet and scripted dialogue for Legend of the Shield. In 1992 Waid began the assignment which would bring him to wider recognition in the comics industry, when he was hired to write The Flash by editor Brian Augustyn. Waid stayed on the title for an eight-year run, he wrote a Metamorpho limited series in 1993 and created the Impulse character in The Flash #92. Impulse was launched into his own series in April 1995 by artist Humberto Ramos. In November of that same year and Howard Porter collaborated on the Underworld Unleashed limited series, which served as the center of a company-wide crossover storyline, his first major project for Marvel Comics was as one of the writers of the "Age of Apocalypse" crossover.
He co-created the Onslaught character for the X-Men line. Marvel editors Ralph Macchio and Mark Gruenwald hired him as Gruenwald's successor as writer of Captain America, during which Waid was paired with artist Ron Garney. Waid and Garney garnered critical praise for their run on the title, remaining on it until the title was relaunched with a different creative team as part of the 1996–1997 "Heroes Reborn" storyline. Rob Liefeld offered Waid the opportunity to script Captain America over plots and artwork by his studio, but Waid declined; that storyline ran a full year, after which Waid and Garney returned to the title for another relaunched series, Captain America volume 3, issues #1–23. Waid wrote the short-lived spin-off series Captain America: Sentinel of Liberty from 1998–1999, having written 10 of the 12 issues. In 1996, Waid and artist Alex Ross produced the graphic novel Kingdom Come; this story, set in the future of the DC Universe, depicted the fate of Superman, Wonder Woman, other heroes as the world around them changed.
It was written in reaction to the "gritty" comics of the 1980s and 1990s. DC Comics writer and executive Paul Levitz observed that "Waid's deep knowledge of the heroes' pasts served them well, Ross' unique painted art style made a powerful statement about the reality of the world they built." Many of the ideas introduced in Kingdom Come were integrated into the present-day DC Universe, Waid himself wrote a follow-up to the series, The Kingdom. Waid and writer Grant Morrison collaborated on a number of projects that would reestablish DC's Justice League to prominence. Waid's contributions included JLA: Year One, as well as work on the ongoing series; the two writers developed the concept of Hypertime to explain problems with continuity in the DC Universe. Waid collaborated with artists Bryan Hitch and Paul Neary on JLA and the JLA: Heaven's Ladder one-shot. In 2000, Waid wrote a series named Empire with Barry Kitson, whose protagonist was a Doctor Doom-like supervillain named Golgoth who had defeated all superheroes and conquered the world.
The series was published by Gorilla Comics, a company formed by Waid, Kurt Busiek and several others, but the company folded after only two issues were published. Empire was completed under the DC Comics label in 2003 and 2004. Waid wrote the first year of Crossgen's Ruse series. Waid began an acclaimed run as writer of Marvel's Fantastic Four in 2002 with his former Flash artist Mike Wieringo, with Marvel releasing their debut issue, Fantastic Four vol. 3 #60 at the promotional price of 9 cents U. S. By June 2003, Marvel publisher Bill Jemas tried to convince Waid to abandon his "high-adventure" approach to the series, making the book into, in Waid's words, "a wacky suburban dramedy where Reed's a nutty professor who creates amazing but impractical inventions, Sue's the office-temp breadwinner, the cranky neighbor is their new'arch-enemy,' etc." Waid, who felt that this was too much of a departure from what he had been hired to write declined. After some discussion with editor Tom Brevoort, Waid found a way to make the requested changes, but by the decision had been made to fire Waid and Wieringo from the series.
The resulting fan backlash led to Wieringo's reinstatement on the title by that September. Waid and Wieringo completed their run on Fantastic Four with issue #524, by which time the relaunched series had returned to its original numbering. In 2003 Waid wrote the origin of the "modern" Superman with Superman: Birthrig
Superman is a fictional character, a superhero appearing in American comic books published by DC Comics. Created by writer Jerry Siegel and artist Joe Shuster, the character first appeared in Action Comics #1 on April 18, 1938 which marked the rise of the Golden Age of Comic Books. Since his inception, Superman has been depicted as an hero that that originated the planet Krypton and named Kal-El; as a baby, he was sent to Earth in a small spaceship by his biological family, Jor-El and Lara, moments before Krypton was destroyed in a natural cataclysm. His ship landed in the American countryside. Clark displayed various superhuman abilities from the start as a young boy, such as incredible strength and impervious skin, his foster parents advised him to use his abilities for the benefit of humanity, he decided to fight crime as a vigilante. To protect his privacy, he changes into a colorful costume and uses the alias "Superman" when fighting crime. Clark Kent resides in the fictional American city of Metropolis in his adult life, where he works as a journalist for the Daily Planet disguising himself among the people there.
Depicted supporting characters of Superman are depicted as residing in Metropolis such as prominent love interest of Superman, Lois Lane, good friend of Superman, Jimmy Olsen, Daily Planet chief editor Perry White. He has many foes such as the genius inventor Lex Luthor, he is a friend of many other superheroes such as Batman and Wonder Woman. Although Superman was not the first superhero character, he popularized the superhero genre and defined its conventions, he remains the best selling superhero in comic books of all time and endured as one of the most lucrative franchises outside of comic books. He is regarded as the greatest superhero / comic book character of all time. Superman was created by Joe Shuster. A duo who met met in 1932 in a high school in Cleveland and bonded over their mutual love of fiction. Siegel aspired to become a writer and Shuster aspired to become an illustrator. Siegel wrote amateur science fiction stories, which he self-published a magazine called Science Fiction: The Advance Guard of Future Civilization.
His friend Shuster provided illustrations for his work. In January 1933, Siegel published a short story in his magazine titled "The Reign of the Superman"; the titular character is a vagrant named Bill Dunn, tricked by an evil scientist into consuming an experimental drug. The drug gives Dunn the powers of mind-reading, mind-control, clairvoyance, he uses these powers maliciously for profit and amusement, but the drug wears off, leaving him a powerless vagrant again. Shuster provided illustrations. Siegel and Shuster shifted with a focus on adventure and comedy, they wanted to become syndicated newspaper strip authors, so they showed their ideas to various newspaper editors. However, the newspaper editors told them. If they wanted to make a successful comic strip, it had to be something more sensational than anything else on the market; this prompted Siegel to revisit Superman as a comic strip character. Siegel modified Superman's powers to make him more sensational: Like Bill Dunn, the second prototype of Superman is given powers against his will by an unscrupulous scientist, but instead of psychic abilities, he acquires superhuman strength and bullet-proof skin.
Additionally, this new Superman was a crime-fighting hero instead of a villain, because Siegel noted that comic strips with heroic protagonists tended to be more successful. In years, Siegel once recalled that this Superman wore a "bat-like" cape in some panels, but he and Shuster agreed there was no costume yet, there is none apparent in the surviving artwork. Siegel and Shuster showed this second concept of Superman to Consolidated Book Publishers, based in Chicago. In May 1933, Consolidated had published a comic book titled Detective Dan: Secret Operative 48, it contained all-original stories as opposed to reprints of newspaper strips, a novelty at the time. Siegel and Shuster put together a comic book in similar format called The Superman. A delegation from Consolidated visited Cleveland that summer on a business trip, Siegel and Shuster took the opportunity to present their work in person. Although Consolidated expressed interest, they pulled out of the comics business without offering a book deal because the sales of Detective Dan were disappointing.
Siegel believed publishers kept rejecting them because he and Shuster were young and unknown, so he looked for an established artist to replace Shuster. When Siegel told Shuster what he was doing, Shuster reacted by burning their rejected Superman comic, sparing only the cover, they continued collaborating on other projects, but for the time being Shuster was through with Superman. Siegel wrote to numerous artists; the first response came in July 1933 from Leo O'Mealia, who drew the Fu Manchu strip for the Bell Syndicate. In the script that Siegel sent O'Mealia, Superman's origin story changes: He is a "scientist-adventurer" from the far future, when humanity has evolved "super powers". Just before the Earth explodes, he escapes in a time-machine to the modern era, whereupon he begins using his super powers to fight crime. O'Mealia produced a few strips and showed them to his newspaper syndicate. Nothing of Siegel and O'Mealia's collaboration survives, except in Siegel's memoir. In June 1934, Siegel found another partner: an artist in Chicago named Russell Keaton.
Keaton drew the Buck R
Mister Terrific (Michael Holt)
Michael Holt is a fictional character, a superhero appearing in American comic books published by DC Comics. He is the second character to take up the Mister Terrific mantle. Echo Kellum portrayed a version of the character renamed Curtis Holt in the CW series Arrow starting in the fourth season. Michael Holt was created by John Ostrander and Tom Mandrake and first appeared in Spectre #54. At a young age, Michael Holt shows remarkable intelligence and assimilating the works of Aage Bohr, Albert Einstein, Max Planck and Richard Feynman, the pantheon of theoretical physics. Michael grows up with his mentally challenged older brother, whom he loves dearly; when Jeffrey dies at the age of 15, Michael is devastated. Holt displays "a natural aptitude for having natural aptitudes", as he calls it picking up and retaining complex skills and abilities that others spend their entire lives perfecting. Before he begins his career as a superhero, he possesses 14 Ph. Ds —is a self-made multi-millionaire with a high tech firm called Cyberwear, is a gold medal-winning Olympic decathlete.
The accidental deaths of his wife and unborn child are a devastating blow to Holt. He considers himself responsible for the accident as he made his wife late for church by arguing with her about the value of religion. While contemplating suicide, he is met by the Spectre, who tells him about Terry Sloane, the Golden Age superhero known as Mister Terrific. Inspired by Sloane's life story, he takes the name Mister Terrific and joins the current Justice Society of America serving as its chairman, he wears ordinary clothes and a leather jacket with Sloane's "Fair Play" emblem on the back. He switches to a T-shaped mask composed of electronic nanites, a black and white costume with red trim, a collarless jacket in the same colors with "Fair Play" written on the sleeves and "Terrific" across the back. For a time, he acts as spokesperson for Tylerco and consults for the company on industrial espionage and security matters in exchange for it helping fund a youth center Terrific has started. Holt has a friendly rivalry with his opposite number in the Justice League of America.
Holt has encountered Sloane twice through time travel, with Sloane expressing pride in having so worthy a successor. Holt has been noted as the most intelligent member of the JSA in its history, surpassing his predecessor, he is known as the third-smartest person in the world, this notion now appears to be widespread within the DC Universe. During a conflict over leadership of the Justice Society between former chairman Hawkman and then-current chairman Sand, Terrific is elected as the JSA's new chairman by his teammates, despite not seeking the office, he serves in this capacity. Mr. Terrific remains a member of the reformed Justice Society of America, he resumed his chairmanship from the last incarnation of the team, but his leadership responsibilities in Checkmate prompt him to relinquish the position to Power Girl. Mr. Terrific is part of the team assembled by Batman for an attack on the Brother Eye satellite responsible for controlling the OMACs, he plays a critical role as his invisibility to technology allows him to reach the satellite's propulsion system, sending it crashing to Earth.
During this time, he befriends another African American superhero -- Black Lightning. In the "One Year Later" storyline, Holt is still a member of the JSA, he has become part of the United Nations Security Council's intelligence agency, Checkmate, he holds the position of White King's Bishop but when the previous White King is forced to resign, he becomes Checkmate's new White King, complicating his relationship with Sasha Bordeaux, Checkmate's Black Queen. He has given up his chairman position, taken over by Power Girl. Mr. Terrific has established an ill-defined mentorship with Firestorm over the missing year. Holt is forced to face his issues with faith once again when the JSA confront Gog, a God of the Second World. Not only is Gog incapable of hearing Terrific due to his lack of faith, but during a trip to the Earth-Two of the new multiverse, Holt encounters his Earth-Two counterpart, now a devout believer after having a religious experience on the day his wife survived her accident. During the Final Crisis of Humanity, the war between Darkseid and the human world, Mister Terrific, along with Cheetah and Snapper Carr, are left trapped in the ruins of Checkmate headquarters, unable to get past the brainwashed metahuman, caring for Sasha, who prefers using her OMAC programming to shut down her bodily functions rather than falling prey to the Anti-Life Equation.
Forcefully waking up Sasha, thus condemning her, Michael Holt has no choice but to activate a new OMAC population, programmed to obey him rather than Brother Eye, to protect the last few humans against the new Justifiers. In Justice Society of America vol. 3 series, Mr. Terrific takes over the research, just as the low-level villain Tapeworm appears on the news, taking hostages and demanding that Wildcat show himself. All-American Kid and King Chimera must remain in the brownstone, Mister Terrific retreats to his lab, the rest of the team leaves to help Wildcat. All-American Kid goes into the lab and stabs Mister Terrific in the back, pretending to have been mind controlled. Justic
Carmine Michael Infantino was an American comics artist and editor for DC Comics, during the late 1950s and early 1960s period known as the Silver Age of Comic Books. Among his character creations are the Silver Age version of DC super-speedster the Flash, with writer Robert Kanigher, he was inducted into comics' Will Eisner Award Hall of Fame in 2000. Carmine Infantino was born via midwife in his family's apartment in New York City, his father, Pasquale "Patrick" Infantino, born in New York City, was a musician who played saxophone and violin, had a band with composer Harry Warren. During the Great Depression he turned to a career as a licensed plumber. Carmine Infantino's mother, Angela Rosa DellaBadia, emigrated from Calitri, a hill town northeast of Naples, Italy. Infantino attended Public Schools 75 and 85 in Brooklyn before going on to the School of Industrial Art in Manhattan. During his freshman year of high school, Infantino began working for Harry "A" Chesler, whose studio was one of a handful of comic-book "packagers" who created complete comics for publishers looking to enter the emerging field in the 1930s–1940s Golden Age of Comic Books.
As Infantino recalled: I used to go around as a youngster into companies, go in and try to meet people — nothing happened. One day I went to this place on 23rd Street, this old broken-down warehouse, I met Harry Chesler. Now, I was told he was a mean guy and he used people and he took artists, but he was sweet to me. He said, ` kid. You come up here, I'll give you a dollar a day, just study art and grow.' That was damn nice of him, I thought. He did that for me for a whole summer. With Frank Giacoia penciling, Infantino inked the feature "Jack Frost" in USA Comics #3, from Timely Comics, the forerunner of Marvel Comics, he wrote in his autobiography that... Frank Giacoia and I were in constant contact. One day in'40 we decided to go up to Timely Comics... to see. They gave us a script called'Jack Frost' and that story became our first published work. Frank did the pencils and I did the inking. Joe Simon was the editor and he offered us both a staff job. Frank took the job. I wanted to quit school and I told my father that it was a great opportunity.
He said,'No way! You're gonna finish school.' Things were bad, he was desperate for money, but he wouldn't let me quit school. He said,'School comes first. If you're that good, the job will be there later.' I can't love the man enough for that. So Frank took the job and I didn't. I was 15 or 16 and I just kept making my rounds in the early'40s, looking for freelance work while continuing my studies. Infantino would work for several publishers during the decade, drawing Human Torch and Angel stories for Timely. Infantino's first published work for DC was "The Black Canary", a six-page Johnny Thunder story in Flash Comics #86 that introduced the superheroine the Black Canary. Infantino's long association with the Flash mythos began with "The Secret City" a story in All-Flash #31, he additionally became a regular artist of the Golden Age Green Lantern and the Justice Society of America. During the 1950s, Infantino freelanced for Joe Simon and Jack Kirby's company, Prize Comics, drawing the series Charlie Chan.
Back at DC, during a lull in the popularity of superheroes, Infantino drew Westerns, science fiction comics. In 1956, DC editor Julius Schwartz assigned writer Robert Kanigher and artist Infantino to the company's first attempt at reviving superheroes: an updated version of the Flash that would appear in issue #4 of the try-out series Showcase. Infantino designed the now-classic red uniform with yellow detail, striving to keep the costume as streamlined as possible, he drew on his design abilities to create a new visual language to depict the Flash's speed, using both vertical and horizontal motion lines to make the figure a red and yellow blur; the eventual success of the new, science-fiction-oriented Flash heralded the wholesale return of superheroes, the beginning of what fans and historians call the Silver Age of comics. Infantino drew "Flash of Two Worlds," a landmark story published in The Flash #123 that introduced Earth-Two, more the concept of the multiverse, to DC Comics. Infantino continued to work for Schwartz in his other features and titles, most notably "Adam Strange" in Mystery in Space, succeeding the character's initial artist, Mike Sekowsky.
In 1964, Schwartz was made responsible for reviving the faded Batman titles. Writer John Broome and artist Infantino jettisoned the sillier aspects that had crept into the series and gave the "New Look" Batman and Robin a more detective-oriented direction and sleeker draftsmanship that proved a hit combination. Other features and characters Infantino drew at DC include "The Space Museum", Elongated Man. With Gardner Fox, Infantino co-created the Blockbuster in Detective Comics #345 and Barbara Gordon as a new version of Batgirl in Detective Comics #359. Writer Arnold Drake and Infantino created the supernatural superhero Deadman in Strange Adventures #205; this story included the first known depiction of narcotics in a story approved by the Comics Code Authority. In late 196